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Jan. 5, 1877.


Le Bel, J. A., reply to certain Magnetisation, influence of tem- Mctals, etching action produced | NAPHTHALIN compounds,

objections on atomicity, 93

perature upon, 238

upon different, by the acids, constitution of some, 270


Le Neve Foster, C., Henwoodite, Magnetism on surface of mag-

Naphthalin-dinitro (a and B) de-

nets, distribution of, 217 Meteoric iron, arragonite on the


rivatives from, 270

pyrophyllite at Brooi wood, and Magnets, circular, Duchemin's surface of a, 87

Naphthylamin, aniline, phenol,

new mineral localities in De. compass with, 250

rich in nickel, 238

and anthraquinon, the elec-

von and Cornwall, to

distribntion of magnetism on Meteorite, arragonite observed trolysis of the derivatives of,

Leaves, fruits, and flowers of cer- surface of, 217

on the surface of a, 132


tain plants, alcoholic and Maize, mouldy bread, and dam- Meteorites, compounds of carbon Naquet, A., "Legal Chemistry,

acotic fermentation of, 142

aged Indian corn, alkaloid

found in, 32

Detection of Poisons, Ex-

Lecture Notes and Note Book

found in, 144

solid compounds of carbon in, amination of Stains" (review),

for Chemical Students" (re- Malesci, M., and P. Chiappe, pre- 153


view), 259

paring the iodides of potas- Meteor, remarkable, 247

"Nature, Constants of" (review),

I.edieu, A., study of the radiome. sium and sodium, and the Methyl-alcohol and dimethyl. 142

ter, 8, 9, 21, 31, 63, 110

bromide of potassium, 156

acetal, 271

"Nature, Mysteries of, and Dis-

"Legal Chemistry." (review), 18 Maley, R., compounds of sulpho. Metre-diagram" (review), 151 coveries of Science" (review),

urea with metallic salts, 227

Lévy, A. M., origin of eruptive

Metropolis, composition and


rocks, vitreous and crystalline, Malting process, pneumatic, of quality of the water of the, 216 Naudin, L., and De Montholon,


M. Gallard, 72

coal-gas of the, 223

F , decomposition of cyanide

Leymerie, M., existence of mer. Mallet, J. W., notes of practical Meyer, R., formation of aniline- of potassium and zinc, and

chemistry in University of black, 184

cury in the Cevennes, 40

formiate of potassa in car.

Liebermann, C., and M. Wald- Virginia, 147, 168, 179, 190

Mica vanadium, 46

bonic acid, air, and hydrogen,

stein, emodin from the bark Manetti, L., and G. Muso, salicy- Michael, A., and Norton, T. H.,

of the Rhamnus frangula, 271

lic acid in the milk trade, 142 preparation and properties of insoluble carbonates by sul.

constitution of oxythymo Manganese ore, analyses of ox- iri-jodo-resorcin, 270

phuretted hydrogen, 51

ides of, 39

Michel, R. F., inconvenience of

quinon, 271

Nevile, R. H. C., compound of

formula of brazilin, 271

analysis of, 30,50

copper wire ropes as lightning

chromium arsenic, 220

Light and heat, modifications of

reaction of chromic acid with

analysis of peroxide of, 8

conductors, 9

elæomargaric acid produced salts formed by the peroxide of, Michigan, University of, 27

by dric peroxide, 19

by, 272


Mignon and Rouart, MM., extrac- Nietski, R., aniline-black, 174


mical force of, 195

Manganic oxide, determination tion of juice of sugar-cane by

preparation of thallium, 250

Lighthouses, visibility of with

of, 19

new apparatus, 152

Nickel, a meteoric iron rich in,

flashing lights, 9

"Manure, Bone, Presence of Ar- "Migration" and syphonment of 238

senic in Vapours of " (re-

Lighting by products from resin-

gäses, 184

and cobalt, new method of

ous trees, 163

view), 68, 81, 132, 162

Milan-Nevole, M., new butylic separating, 255

Lightning, bead, 134

Manzoni, C. S., reagents on the glycol, 63

silver alloy, 150

effect of during the storm of principal organic colouring Milk trade, salicylic acid in, 142

metallic, extracted from the ores

August 18, 134

of New Caledonia, 50, 193

matters, 144

Millet, A., and Curie, J., com-

Lime, fossil deposits of phosphate use of hydrosulphite of soda as pound of chloral and acetic ores in Spain, 72

of in the departments of a reagent in the analysis of chloridc, 206

Nicol, N.C., anthracen in coal.

Ardennes and La Meuse, 21 colours fixed upon tissues, 154 Milne, J.M.,presence of arsenic in tar, 94

induence of salts of on sacchari. Margaric chlorides and its deriva- vapours of bone manure, 132

Nilson, L. F., plato nitrates and

tives, 235

"Miners' Curfew and other

metry, 9

diplato nitrates, 270

Lindros, T., investigation of the Markownikoff, W., pyro-tartaric Matters, Social and Political" Nitralizarin, 51

Adonis vernalis, 284

acid, normal oxy-pyro-tartaric (review), 6

Nitrates and infusoria, 33

Lippmann, G., various theories acid, and the isomery of the Mines, coal, fire damp in, ito

determination of, 41

to which the radiometer has pyro-citric acids, 284

measuring air in, 25, 36

in water of the Thames, 82

given rise, 284

Martin, A., "Hunyadi János, Na- Mineral analyses, 141

Nitro-alizarin, 10, 40

Liquids, mutual solution of, 284 tural Mineral Water" (re-

and organic

phosphates in Nitrogen, free, absorption of, by

Lithium, boraies of, 184

view), 90

manure, 15+

organic matters at ordinary

determination of by means of Massachusetts Institute of

new Cornish, 147

temperatures, 9

the spectroscope, 94, 122

Technology" (review), 141 nickel, from New Caledonia, 193

by the proximate principles of

Litmus, note on, 140, 184

Massachusetts, Report of State phosphates and superphosphate

vegetables under the influ-

Liversidge, A.," Disease of Sugar. Board of Health” (review),

of lime, 48, 55

ence of atmospheric electri-

Cane" (review), 272

38, 182

Minerals, American vanadium,78

city, 205

Lixiviation, manufacture of soda Matthews, G. C., and W. R. examination of Chilian, 134

free determination in organic

from seaweed by endosmotic, Hodgkinson, cxidised pro- Mineralogical notices, 71

substances, 205

duct formed during reduction Miquel, P., stains produced by

Nitrous acid upon acetanilide,

Lewe, J., quercitrin and querce- of stannic ethide to stannous sulphocyanic acid, 250

action of, 163

tin, 18,

ethide, 203

Mitchell, H. w., note on litmus, Nolting, E., constitution of the

Loiseau, D., combustion of or- Maumenė, E., alcoholometric me- 1.40

derivatives of benzine, 142

ganic matters
under the thod by the distillation of Molybdenum-pentachloride, use

Norton, T. H., and Michael, A.,
double influence of heat and alkalinised spirituous liquids, of, for the production of or.

preparation and properties of

oxygen, 9

tri-jodo-resorcin, 270


ganic chlorides, 271

London University, 206, 251, 268 Meadows, B., "Errors of Homæo- Moriggia, A., natural poisonous
Louguinine, W., correspondence pathy" (review), 70

nature of the human corpse, | OATMEAL, barley in, 194
from St. Petersburg, 250 Meat, occurrence of germs of the

Lucas, R., anthracen testing, 267 tape-worm in, 83

Morton, A., thallene, 188

Odling, W.,“ Practical Chemistry
Lucius, Meister, and Brüning's

for the Use of Medical Stu-
"Medicine, Retrospect of" (re- Moscow, chemical laboratory of

method for ascertaining ex- view), 19

University of, 163

dents" (review), 89

act quantity of pure anthracen Meissonier, M., bed of nickel Mouchot, A., industrial applica-l Oils, essential, limited oxidation

contained in crude anthracen, ores in Spain, 72

tion of the sun's rays, 183

of, 127, 135


Meister, Lucius, and Brüning's Moutchal, M., De Ruoiz, H., and fatty, action of upon metallic

Luminous flames, theory of, 152, method for ascertaining an- De Fontenay, M.,applications

copper, 176, 200, 213


thracen, 167

of phosphide of copper and

Olivenite, pharmacosiderite, and

Lunge, G., apparatus for making Meldola, R., the Chemical So- phosphor-bronze, 217

scorodite, occurrence of in

chlorate of potash, 151, 139 ciety, 7.

Muir, M. M. P., bismuth com-

greenstone at Terras Mine, 10

Lupton, S., oxides of potassium, Melsens, M., reactions of chlo.

pounds, 203

O'Neill, C., " Textile Colourist"

rine under influence of porous

action of water and saline solu-


(review), 89

carbon, 63

tions upon lead, 223, 234

Orchil, extract and paste, manu.

Mercuric cyanide, action of phos. Müller, H., “Vegetable Fibre

facture of, 72

MACHATTIE, A, T., presence phine on, 167

and its Preparation for Indus- "Ores, Treatuient of " (review),

of arsenic in the vapours of and arsenic, 167

trial Uses" (review), 181


bone manure, 162

Mercury in the Cevennes, 40 Müntz, A., influence of certain Organic bodies, metallisation of

Madder, extract of, and artificial Mermet, M. A., alkaline sulpho-

salts of lime on sacchari.

to render them fit to receive

alizarin, distinctive reaction carbonates, 94

metry, 9

galvanic deposits, 9

between reds of, 184

Metachromatism, colour- Muso, G., and Manetti, L., sali- colouring matters, reagents on,

"Madras Government, Public change, 75

cylic acid in the milk trade, 144

Works Department” (review), Metallic copper, action of fatty 142

ferments, origin of, 9


oils on, 176, 200, 213

Muter, J., Prof. Dittmar and the

matters at ordinary tempera-

dust in the atmosphere, 93

Magenta in wines, detection of,

"Analyst," 162

tures, abscrption of


51, 152, 227, 272

nickel extracted from ores of "Mysteries of Nature aad Dis. nitrogen by, 9

New Caledonia, 50

coveries of Science" (review),


Magnesium, electro-chemical de.

of under the

posits of, 227

salts, sulpho-urea with, 217


double influence of heat and

"Magnetic and Electrical Mea- Metallisation of organic bodies to Mwyndy mines, oxide of iron en- oxygen
surements, Exercises, in with render them fit to receive closed in calcite and quartz

substances, action o certain
Answers" (review), 161

filters on, 4, II, 24
Magnetic, dynamo-, phenomenon, Metals, amalgamation of iron and

alvanic ts, 9
at, to

determination of free nitrogen


other, 35

n, 205

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Jan. 5. 1677.

Organisation among chemists, 62, " Philosophy in Earnest, Science Potatoes, effect of temperature on Repulsion resulting from radia-

227, 23S

in Sport" (retiew), 259

the growth of, 155

tion, 23, 165, 175, 187, 209,

Organisms, animal, action of the Phipson, T. L., analyses of man. Potassium and sodium iodidcs of

219, 229, 241, 253, 263

turpentines and homologues gnese oxides, 39

bromide of potassiuin, pre- Residual gas, influence of

of phenol, 270

calculu: in horses, 151

paring, 154

the movement of the radio.

Ostwald, W., action of mass of determination of manganic cyanide of, action or upon halo- meter, 23

water, 184

oxide, 19

genated compounds, 218 Rhamnus frangula, emoden from

Owens College, new scholarship

Infusoria ard nirates, 33

decomposition of in carbonic

the bark of, 271

ir chemistry, 196

" Leiters on Mysteries of Na. acid, air, and pure hydrogen, " Rhenish - Westphalian Royal

ture and

Oxford, L'niversity of, 185.

Discoveries of


Polytechnic School Pro-

Oxide, manganic, determination Science" (review), 247

estimation of as acid tartrate, gramme for 1876-77' (re-

of, 19

metallic dust in the atmosphere, 231, 242, 249

view), 236

Oxides, manganese, analyses of,

fluoride of, 16., 185


Rhodein, a new reaction of aniline,


on tripolite of Barbadoes, ios new reagent for, 216


Phoenix Minc, nów mineral from,

oxides of, 203

Oxygen and heat, combustion of

from an analytical point of

organic matters under the in-


tri-odide, 222


fluence of, 9

Phosphine, 67

Potter, E.C., organic and mine- Rich, S. W., "Analysts' Annual

Oxymercaptans, 218

action of on mercuric cyanide, ral phosphates in manure, 154

Note-Book" (review), 39



Pouchei, G., determination of Richards, R. H., improved form

Ozone, formation of by the con- reducing action of, 14

tannin, 250

of aspirator, 141

tact of plants with peroxide Phosphates, mineral, and super-

Prinvault, M., Persian red, 10 Riche, A., and c. Bardy, com-

of hydrogen, 20+

phosphate of lime, 48, 55

Proctor, B. S., etleet of flexibility mercial analysis

thermic, formation of, 8, 93 organic and mineral in manure, on the working of chemical sugars, 40


balances, 14

Richter, O., chemical constitution

Phosphites, composition of, 272

Prunier, L., researches on quer-

of the alcohols, 120, 129

Phospho- and arseno-cyanogen,

cite, 238

Ritter, E., and V. Feltz, re-

PALLADIUM, action of in an 203

Pseudo-sulpho-cyanogen, 80

searches on the action of ani.

alcohol flame, 209

Phosphor bronze and phosphide Public Analysts, salaries of, 20

line introduced into the blood

electro-chemical deposits of, of copper, applications of, 217

Society of, 218, 226, 249

and stomach, 32

Phosphorous pentafluon ide, 153

Puiseux, Jamin, and E. Becque-


Ramer, H., and E. Schunck, an.

new properties ol, 205

Phthalic acid with the phenols, rel, MM., report of memoirs by thraslavic and iso-anthraflavic

Para-tolyi-phenylketone, deriva- 206

Allard relating to the trans- acids, 173

Lives of, 270

benzyl.iso acid, 2770

parence of flames and atmo- anthrapurpurin and flavo.

Paru-xylenic acid, 270

Phthaleins of tertiary aromatic spheres and the visibility of purpurin, 131

Paraldoi, 82

bases, 370

lichthouses with flashing Roscoelite, 46

Pasteur, L., alteration of urinc, Physical and chemical properties

lights, 9

Rosenstiehl, A., anthraflavon, and

of ruthenium, 265

Pumps, Inns of Court, 19

an accessory product of the

and J. Joubert, fermentation Physico-chemical forces on phe- Purpurin, 10.

manufacture of artificial alı-

of urine, 50

nomena of fermentation, 70

Puchot, E., iodine as a reagent

zarin, 21

origin of organic ferments, 9 Physics and gcology, 154

for starch, 72

nitralizarın, 10, 40, 51

Paten, E., and G. Brisy, on review of, 51

Pyrites, gold in, determination of, Rosetti, F., the radiometer, 143

hesperidin, 72

Pictet, R, freezing machines 94, 132, 152, 172

Ross, W A., blow pipe analysis of

Paterson, G., analysis of ison de. with sulphurous acid, 52

sulphur trom, 218

Henwoudite, 150

posit, 198

Pigmentum nigrum, 203

Pyrology, 177

D-lines spectra flame examined

Pattinson and Stead, barley in Pinchon, A., assay of commercial Pyrophyllite at Brookwood, and by blowpipe, 212, 237

oatmeal, 194

oils, 154

new mineral


nickel and silver alloy, 150

Pavloff, D., ethyl-isopropyl-ke- Pine, extraction of vanillin Devon and Cornwall, 10

pyrology, 177

tone, 254

1rom sap of, 141

Pyrotartaric acid, normal deriva- thermochromatism, or heat co-
Peat and coal, quantitative ana- Pink liquors of chlorate of potash

tives of, 32

louration, 108

lysis of, 233

manufacture, 183

Pyrotechny, coloured fires used Rotatory power of cane-sugar,

Pecile, D., presence of guanin in Pisani, F., mineralogical notices,

in, 139

the urine of swine, 206


Rouart and Mignon, MM., ex-

Pellet, H., dererinination of sul- sulpho-antimoniuret of lead

traction of juice of sugar-

phuric acid and soluble sul. found at Arnsberg, 206

cane by new apparatus, 152

phates by means of standard Planté, G., bead lightning, 134


Analysis, Routledge, R., "Science in Sport

Appendix Tables to w.

solutions, 9

globular thunderbolts, 92

Dittmar's" (review), 68

made Philosophy in Earnest"

and P. Champion, determina.
Plants and animals, equivalent Quantitative analysis of coal and

(review), 259
tion of free nitrogen in or- substitution of mineral mat.

Rowan, F. J. analysis of water

peat, 233

ganic substances, 205
ters in, 131

of River Hooghly, 84

Quartz and calcite, oxide of iron

equivalent sub titution in ani. formation of ozone by the con-

“. Royal

Rhenish - Westphalian

enclosed in,

mals and plants, 134

tact of with peroxide of hy.

at Mwyndy

Mines, 10

Polytechnic School of Aachen

Peligot, E., action of boric acid
drogen, 4

Programme for 1876-77" (re-

Quercite, 233

and alkaline boratcs upon Plaster casts, prize for hardening, Quercetin and quercitrin, 184

view), 236

plants, 235


Quinon-oxythymo, 271

Royal Society, 239

Pendulum, compensating, new Plastic sulphur, 63

Rugheimer, L., and W. Staedel,

form of, 65

Platinum combustion tubes, 67,81

action of ammonia upon

Pepper and its adulterations, 154 Plato-nitrates and diplato-ni-

chlor-acetyl-benzol, 270
Pepsin, solution of damaged al- trates, 270

RADAU, R., review of physics, Ruthenium, physical and che-

bomen in, IS!

" Platter and Cup" (review), 168


mical properties of, 205

Periin, W. H., Address to Che. Pneumatic malting-process of M. Radiation, repulsion resulting Ruyssen, M., volumetric deter-

mical Sellion of British

Gaillard, 72

from, 23, 165, 175, 187, 209,

mination of formic acid, 32

Association, 101
Poisoning, lcal, 196

219, 229, 241, 253, 263
new derivatives of anthracer, Poisons, Detection of, and Ex- Radiometer of Mr. Crookes, 8, 9,
amination of Stains (re-

30, 31, 32, 40, 51, 63, 83, 143, SACCHARImeter or polari-

Petit and Dulong, law of, 9, 21

view), 18


meter, 284

Pettengill, J., organisation among

Polarimeter or saccharimeter, 284 experimental contributions to Saccharimetry, influence of cer-
chemists, (2
“ Polytechnic School of Aachen, theory of, 269, 275

tain salts of lime on, 9
Pharmaceutical Conference, 84 Programme for 1876-77” (re. Radiometers, iniluence of sono-

Saccharine matter contained in
Phara acogiderite, scorodite, and view), 236

rous vibrations on, 133

the petals of flowers, 272
Glivenite in grcenstone, at Polytechnic School of Delft, 153 intensity, 110

Saccharose, transformation of
Terras Mine, 10
Portes, L., aspiragin in swect Rays, spectral, theory of, 195

into reductive sugar during
Phanol, action of homologues on almonds, 233

sun's, industrial application of,

refining, 71
ammai organisms, 270
and Ruyssen, M., volumetric 18:

Salet, G., experiments with the
aniline, naphthylamin, and an- determination of formic acid, Rebou!, M., derivatives of normal radiometer, 32, 83
thraquinon, the electrolysis 32

piro-tartaric acid, 32

theory of spectral rays, 195
of the deriva.ives of, 118
" Portrait Photography” (re. Red, Persian, 10

Salicylic acid in the milk trade,
behaviour of with cinchonic

Redmond, D.D., prize for harden-
aikaloids, 153
Potash, chlorate of, apparatus for ing plaster casts, 39

Saline solutions and water, action
Phenols, plithalic acid with the, inaling, 139, 151

Reds from artificial alızarin and of upon lead, 223, 234

pink liquors in manufacture of, extract of madder, distinctive Salt, preserva.ion of iron from

Phenyl-ketone, para-tolyi deriva. 153

reaction betwcen, 184

action of, 174

tives of, 270

theory of scurry', 268

Reductive sugar, transformation siap directly liom, 143

Phenyl-sulphate hydrogen and its Potassa, decomposition of formi. of saccharose into during re- Salis formed by perexide of man-
homologues, synthesis of, 209 ate of in carbonic acid, air, fining, 71

ganese, 8
Phenylen diamin, 250

and pure liydrogen, 92 Redwood T., Society of Public metaliic, high melting pointi,
Philipson, W.T., elementary phy. process for the qualitative de: Analysts, 249

with svecial referene to those
sics and geology, 154

tection and determination of, Reid, W.C., mineral phosphates of, 231
Phillips, S. E, study of chlorine 85, 216

and superphosphate oi lime, sulpho-urea with, 217

substitution, 11

qualitative detection of, 122, 216 4, 55

of bismuth, certain new, 119

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Jan. 5. 1877

Salts of lime, influence on saccha- Sodium and potassium, preparing | Spectroscope, blowp pe with, for Tri-jodo-resorsin, sréparation
rimetr, 9
iocides of, and bromide of mineralogists, 91

and properties of, 270
Sanitary effects of Eucalyptus potassiuni, 154

determination of lithium by | Tripolite, 133
globulus, 272
action of on benzol, 24

means of the, 94, 122

of Barbadoes, ros
Sansoni, M., and G. Capellini, Soil,electric transmission through Spectrum below red ray, observa- ' Typhoid ferer and Allied Dis.
magistery of sulphur, 154
the, 142

tions of by means of the cases, how to Avoid" (review),
Schaer, E., decolouration of in- Solar rays, maximum of the pos- effects of phosphorescence, S2 181

digo by hydro-sulphurous acid sible repulsive power of the, Spirgatis, H., arsenic in ancient Turkey-red, chemical and histori-
and persulphide of hydrogen, 31

bronzes, 41

calsn vey of, 196

Soldiani, A., detection and deter- Swine, guanin in the urine of, 206 Turner, M., estimation of urea,
Schiti, B., compounds derived mination of glucose, 154 Sweden, irun manufacture in

from ammon-aldehyd, 144 Solid water, 161

(review), 259

Turpentine and homologues
Scholarships, Science, 205

Solutions, standard, determin i. “Sydney City and Suburban phenol, action or upon animal
Schools of Chemistry, 111
tion of sulphuric acid and Sewage and Health Board"

organisms, 270
Schunck. E., ani H. Rømer, an- soluble sulphates by means (review;, 170

Typke, P. G. W., new nicicl
thraflavic and iso-anthraflavic

Synthesis and analysis by the mineral from New Caledonia,
acids, 173
Sorby, H. C., and Hodgkinson, blowpipe, 177

anthrapurpurin and favopur. W. R., Pigmentum nigrum,

of allantoin, 51

Troschke, H., and G. Kræmer,
purin, 131


Syphonment and migration oi methyl alcohol and dimethyl-
Schwarz,'ii, determination of StædelW., and Rugheimer, L.,

gases, 134

accial: alkehyds and keton s
gold in pyrites, 94

action of

present in woud-spirit, 271
of theine in tez, 94

chlor-acetyl-benzol, 270
kainite and kaluiz in Galicia,

Standard solutions determination TANNIN, determination of, 250
of soluble sulphates and sul-

Science, British Association for phuric acid by means of, 9 Tape worm, germs of in meat, 83

the Advancement of, 22, 122 Stanford, E. C. C., distillation of Tar, coal, anthracen in. 94 University laboratory of Graz, 153
Scholarships, 206

seaweed, 237

Taylor, M.,cohesion and capillary of London, 10, 52, 73, 94, 200
Science and Industry, Record "Stanley's Metre-Diagram " (re- action of films of water, 223 Michigan, 27
of" (review), 69

view), :51
Tea, theine in, 94

Moscow, 163
"Science, Discoveries of and Stannic ethide to stannous ethide, "Technology, Massachusetts In- Oxford, 135
Mysteries of Nature" (re- oxidised
product formed stitute of" (review), 141

University of Tokio, Calendar
view), 247

during the reduction of, 203 Teller, A., and Guignet, L., che. for 1875" (review), 70
“ Science in Sport made Philo- Steel, change in physical pro- ntical composition of the Urbain, J., dissociation of bicar.
sophy in Earnest" (review), perties of by tempering, 81

water of the Bay of Rio de bonate of soda at 100°, 152
Stevenson, T., sulphurous acid as Janeiro, 238

Urea, estimation of, 282
“Science, Key to Modern” re- a disinfectant, 261

Tellurous acid, action of Urcas, sulphuretted, 92
view), 271
Stibnite, evolution of antimony hydracids upon, 92, 133

Urine, alteration of, 110
Scientific information for ladies, from by nascent hydrogen, Temperature, effect of on the fermentation of, 50, 250

growth of potatoes, 155

of swine, guanin in the, 205
"Scientifiques Causeries " (re. Stolba, F., crystalline fluosilicates influcnce of upon magnetisa.
view), 69
of iron and cobalt, 184

tion, 238
Scorodite, pharmacosiderite, and St. Petersburg, correspondence Terras Mine, occurrence of phar; VALENTIN,

olivenite, occurrence of in from, 250

macosiderite, scorodite, and chromatism, 132
greenstone at Terras Mine, 10 Stroumbo, D. S., new experi. olivenite in greenstone at, 10 Vanadium compounds, notes on. 2
Scurvy, potash theory of, 268

ments with the radiometer,201 Tcrreil, A., law of Dulung nd in manufacture of aniline-black,
Seaweed, alkali obtained from, “Sugar-cane, Discase of” (re- Petit, 9, 21

view), 272

Tertiary aromatic bascs, phtha- m ca, 46
distillation of, 237
Sugar-cane, juice of, extraction by

Teins of, 270

mincrals, American, 73
manufacture of soda from by new apparatus, 152

Tetramethyl-ammonium, ferro. Vanilin fiom sap oi pine, 144
endosmotic lixiviation, 31 rotatory powers of, 110

cyanide of, 217

Vegetable Fibic, and its Prepa-
Selenious acid, action of hydra- Sugar, crystallisation of, 63 “ Teriile Colourist” (review), 89 ration for Industrial Uses
cids upon, 51, 72
Sugars, commercial analysis of Thallene, 188

(review), 181
Senior, A., new reagent for po- raw, 40

Thallium, preparation of, 250 Velden, R. V. D., and E. Bau-
tassium, 216
Sulhorst, G., precipitation of zinc Thames water, nitrates in, 32

mann, action of the turpen-
Sewage Committee of the British by sulphuretted hydrogen in Theine in tea, 9.4

tines upon animal organisms,
Association, 136
presence of bisulphate of The nard, M., observations

treatment of, 284

potassium, 94

glycemia, 109

"Ventilation of Hall of Repre.
Sheep husbandry in Georgia, 195 Sulphate, hydrogen-phenyl and its Thermo-chromatism, or heat sentatives and South Wing
Silver and nickel alloy, 150
homologues, synthesis of, 269 colouration, 103, 132

of Capitol of the United
metallurgy of in a moist way, Sulphates, method of titratitig Thompson, L., erythrogen, and States” (revicw), 235
alkaline, 272

some of its compounds, 134 Versmann, F., anthracene pro-
Silver-oxide, bromine, and water, soluble, and sulphuric acid, “Miners' Curfew, and other duction, 210, 236
oxidation product of glycogen

determination of by means Matders, Socialand Political" testing, 177, 191, 201
with, 153
of standard solutions, 9

(review), 6

Villier, A, margaric chloride and
Simon, C., relation of the two Sulphides, alkaline, use of in

presence of nitrates in the its derivatives, 235
specific heats of a gas, 206 dressing hides, 52

water of the Thames, 82 Virginia, University of, practical
Skey, W., evolution of antimony Sulpho-antimoniuret of

lead "Purification of Water and chemistry in the, 147, 168, 179,
from stibnitc by nascent hy- found at Arnsberg, 206

Other Things" (review), 19

drogen, 147

Sulpho-carbonates, alkaline, 94 Thomson, W., action of latty oils Vitreous and crystalline origin of
suspension of clay in water, 142 Sulphocyanic acid, stains pru- upon metallic copper, 176, eruptive rocks, 206
Skraur, M., action of halugens duced by 250

200), 213

Vivian, W., oxide of iron enclosed
upon ferricyanide of potas- Sulpho-cyanogen, pseudo, 80 Thörner, V , derivatives of para. in caleite and quartz in the
sium, 217
Sulpho-para-bromo-benzoic acid, Polyl-phenyi-ketone, 270

Mwyndy Mincs, 10
Smith, A., new process for c ti.


Thorpe, T. E,, phosphorus penta-
mation of chicory in coffee, Sulpho-urea with metallic salts, fluoride, 153

Thymoquinon, 281

WAGNER, J., distinctive re-
A. P., improved form of aspi- | Sulphuretted hydrogen, arrange- Tidy, C. M., composition and action between reds from
rator, 163

ments of apparatus for appli. quality of the Metropolitan artificial alizarin and extract
J. L., arragonite observed on cation of without smell, 280 water, 216

of madder, 18.4
the surface of a meteorite, decomposition of insoluble Titrating alkaline sulphates, 272 solution of damaged albumen
32, 87

carbonates by, 51

astringent substances, new pro- in pepsin, 18.4
compounds of carbon found in precipitation of zinc by, in cess for, 230

Waldenstein, M. E.,and C.Lieber-
meleorites, 32, 153

presence of bisulphate of "Tokio, University of, Calendar mann, emodin from the bark
new form of compensating potassium, 94

for 1675" (review), 70

of the Rhamnus frangula, 271
pendulum, 65
ureas, 92

Tolyl-butylen, synthesis of, 271 benzhydroxamic-ethylester, 41
R: F., estimation of potassium Sulphur from pyrites, 213

Ticoul, A., cffect of lightning Wallace, W., tripolite, 133
by means of acid tartrate, 249 magistery of, 154

during the storm« f August 18, Walsh and Jones's decomposing-
preparing condensed Sulpburous acid as a disinfectant, 131

furnace, discussion on, 27
hydro-carbides, 174

245, 261

Tréve and Duras ier, MM, dis- Wanklyn, J. A., action of certain
Soap directly from salt, 143 Suiphur, plastic, 68

uibution of magneti! 11

kinds of inteis on organic
Sobrero, M. A., manufacture of Sun's rays, industrial application suitace of majsnets, 217

sub tance., 4, 11,
dynamite, 93
of, 153

dynamo-magoclic phenomc- and E. T. Chapman, “ Water
Soda, use of hydrosulphite of as Superphosphates, &c., analyses non), .27

Analysis" (revicw), 20+
a reagent in the analysis of
of, 221

etching action pr. duced upon Piut. Dittmar and the Ara.
colours fixed upon tissues, Spectra flame, D-lines rf, ex- different metals by the acids, lyst," 151, 183
amined by blowpipe, 212, 226,

Society of Public Analysts, 226
manufacture of from seaweed 237

Tribe, A., th- Chemical Sucitly, 7 Thu Chemikal Society, 7
by endosmotic lixiviation, Spectral rays, theory of, 195 Tuchloral-cyanide, 204

Wartha, V., litmus, 184

Tri-iodide, potassium, 222

Water, "action of mass " of, 184


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“Water Analysis" (review), 204 Wehrlin, E., and P. Clermont, | Wisdom, Look of the Balance of,
Water analysis of Weissenburg, two new sulphuretted ureas, 59


Witt, O., phenylen-diamin, 256
and saline solutions, action of Weissenburg, water, analysis of, Witz, G., use of vanadium in the
upon lead, 223, 234

manufacture of aniline-black,
chemical decomposition as il. Weldon, W., process for manu-
lustrated by, 43

facture of chlorine, 70

Wöhler, F., action of palladium
colour in, estimation of, 77 Willgerodt, H.,action of a-dinitro- in an alcohol flame, 269
Metropolitan, composition and chloro-benzol upon acetamide Wood-spirit, aldehyds' and ke-
quality of the, 216
and carbimide, 270

tones present in, 271
on glass, action of, 271

Winckler, M., tuming sulphuric Woodcock, R, C., analysis of
silver oxide and bromine, oxi-

acid, 154

superphosphates, &c., 221
dation-product of glycogen “Wine and its Counterfeits" (re- Wood, oil of, 85
with, 153

view), 90

Wright, C.R.A., alkaloids of the
solid, 161
Wine, magenta in, 227

aconites, 222
suspension of clay in, 142 Wines, adulteration in, 164 Wurtz, A., composition of certain
"Water, Purification of" (re- artificially coloured, detection phosphites, 272
view), 19

of, 152

paraldol, an isomeric modifica-
Waters, carbonic acid contained arsenic, 71

tion of aldol, 83
in, 110

magenta in, 51, 272
Watering roads, chloride of cal- determination of the nature of XYLENIC, para-, acid, 270
cium for, 110

colouring matters in, 238


ENONI, E., and T. Brugna-
telli, alkaloid found in da-
maged Indian

mouldy maize bread, 144
Zinc, cyanide of, decomposition

of in carbonic acid, air, and

pure hydrogen, 92
dust, action of on the chlo-

rides of sulpho-para-bromo-

benzoic acid, 271
precipitation of by sulphuretted

hydrogen in presence of bi-

sulphate of potassium, 94
Zincke, T., action of dilute sul-

phuric acid upon hydroben-
zoin and iso-hydrobenzoin,

and A. Blatzbecker, benzyl-

isophthalic acid, 270
L. Klippert, para-xylenic acid,

Zulkowski, K., apparatus for de-

termination of hydrogen, 163

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No. 8676-JULY 7, 1876.



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meeting is intended that which is now commonly called

an 'ordinary' meeting. The term 'ordinary meeting' We referred last week to the fact that nine years ago there strictly means regular or customary meeting: a general existed a similar state of affairs at the Chemical Society meeting means one public or common to the whole of the to that now existing. So precisely parallel are the two

Fellows. Custom has sanctioned the omission of the cases that the remarks we then made in this journal word general'as qualifying the ordinary meetings, but respecting the Charter and Bye-Laws of the Society are,

it is still retained in Bye-law, which speaks of an extrawe think, equally applicable to the present case.

We ordinary general meeting, which, logically and gramtherefore reproduce this article in the hope that a more matically, can only mean a general meeting held extra, or careful consideration of the Charter and Bye-Laws will in addition, to the ordinary bi-monthly meetings. lead to the adoption of such measures as will render the “The term 'general meeting' occurs several times in recurrence of such disputes impossible.

the Charter, but nowhere do we find the terms 'ordi“On his admission, each Fellow received the regulations nary' and 'anniversary' meetings. When, however, of the Society, together with sundry other formal documents; we refer to the regulations of other learned societies, no but we venture to say that not many looked at them a longer can there be any doubt as to the meaning of the second time, and few will now be able to lay hands on a term 'general' meeting. In the Charter of the Royal copy of the Charter and Rye-laws, to which we now pro- Society no mention is made of meetings of the members, pose to direct attention. When everything is going on ordinary, extraordinary, or general. But in the Charter smoothly the laws and regnlations of the Society are of the Zoological Society the term general' meeting dormant.

is used in a sense applicable only to ordinary meetings; "It now appears that for many years the Society has and in the Bye-laws the monthly meetings of the Society been acting contrary to the Charter in electing Fellows, are invariably spoken of as general meetings,' or honorary and foreign Members, and Associates, accord-ordinary general meetings.' In the Charters of the ing to the existing Bye-laws.

Linnæan and Geological Societies likewise the term * By the third paragraph of the Charter of Incorpora-general meeting' is used to express the ordinary meet. tion, granted to the Society in 1848, it is declared- ings of the members, and in the Bye-laws these are in

"That at all General Meetings and meetings of the variably termed .general' meetings; the oth section of Council the majority present and having a right to vote general meetings to be held by the Society shall be of

the rules of the latter Society, in fact, state that the thereat respectively shall decide upon the matters pro

three kinds :- 1. Annual ; 2. Special ; 3. Ordinary.' pounded at such meetings.'

It cannot, therefore, be doubted that the term ' general' “ Again, the concluding paragraph of the Charter meeting in the third paragraph of the Charter of the declares

Chemical Society means the same as the term ordinary' "That no resolution or bye-law shall, on any account meeting does in the Bye-laws. or pretence whatsoever, be made by the said body politic “No one, we imagine, will dispute that the election of and corporate in opposition to the general scope, true in. Fellows is a 'matter propounded' at a meeting upon tent and meaning of this our Charter; and that if any such which the majority present' are to decide. On the rule or bye-law shall be made, the same shall be absolutely contrary, the question as to whether a candidate is to be null and void to all intents, effects, constructions, and pur- admitted to the Fellowship of the Chemical Society is poses whatsoever.'

a very important matter propounded to those present who “ Now, it is very evident that the Bye-law, making the have a right to vote, and the question, above all others, election of a candidate depend upon the votes of three which should be carried by a numerical majority. fourth of the Fellows present, is in direct contravention “ In strict logical interpretation, therefore, those candito the “true intent and meaning” of the first-quoted dates who were blackballed at the recent meetings of paragraph of the Charter; and therefore such Bye-law is, the Society were excluded from the Fellowship in error. according to the terms of the second citation from the A numerical majority of voters were in favour of their Charter, absolutely null and void to all intents, effects, admission, and at the present time the blackballees are constructions, and purposes whatsoever.'

as strictly entitled to the letters F.C.S. as are any of the “But it may be argued that the third paragraph of the blackballers. Charter refers only to anniversary meetings or extra- “We confess we see only one course to be pursued in ordinary meetings of the Society. An attentive exami: respect to the Bye-laws which remit the decision on such nation will, however, show that by the term 'general'' important matters as the election or removal of Fellows

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