The Hyena People: Ethiopian Jews in Christian Ethiopia

Przednia okładka
University of California Press, 7 gru 1999 - 168
The Jews (Falasha) of northwestern Ethiopia are a unique example of a Jewish group living within an ancient, non-Western, predominantly Christian society. Hagar Salamon presents the first in-depth study of this group, called the "Hyena people" by their non-Jewish neighbors. Based on more than 100 interviews with Ethiopian immigrants now living in Israel, Salamon's book explores the Ethiopia within as seen through the lens of individual memories and expressed through ongoing dialogues. It is an ethnography of the fantasies and fears that divide groups and, in particular, Jews and non-Jews.

Recurring patterns can be seen in Salamon's interviews, which thematically touch on religious disputations, purity and impurity, the concept of blood, slavery and conversion, supernatural powers, and the metaphors of clay vessels, water, and fire.

The Hyena People helps unravel the complex nature of religious coexistence in Ethiopia and also provides important new tools for analyzing and evaluating inter-religious, interethnic, and especially Jewish-Christian relations in a variety of cultural and historical contexts.

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Spis treści

Insults and Ciphers The Vocabulary of Denigration
Christian Land Sabbath Milk and the Magic of Fire
The Jew as Buda Hyena in Human Form
Gift Giving and the Multiple Meanings of Knives and Sheep
Christian Help with Jewish Dead Mitigating the Crisis of Impurity
Religious Holidays Inclusion and Exclusion
The TwiceDisguised Hyena
Crucifiers and Idol Makers Judaism and Christianity in the Village Square
Our Blood Their Blood Menstruation Slaughter and Eating
The Battle of Metaphors Fire and Water versus Clay Vessels

Flesh and Bones Jewish Masters Jewish Slaves

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Popularne fragmenty

Strona 102 - ... you shall eat blood, neither shall any stranger that sojourns among you eat blood. And whatever 13 man there be of the children of Yisra'el, or of the strangers that sojourn among you, who hunts venison of any beast or bird that may be eaten ; he shall even pour out its blood, and cover it with dust. For the life of all flesh is its blood, on which its life 14 depends : therefore I said to the children of Yisra'el, you shall eat the blood of no manner of flesh : for the life of all flesh is its...
Strona 102 - Israel, or of the strangers that stays with you, which hunts and catches any beast or fowl that may be eaten; he shall even pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with dust.
Strona 105 - A metaphor points to the existence of a given set of abstract relationships hidden within some immediately graspable images. .. . Anthropologists, like philosophers, have long debated the status of the 'world out there.'.
Strona 105 - The metaphor is one of the simplest and most important mechanisms by which such a shared mental framework (or culture) can be kept in touch with what lies 'out there.
Strona 36 - eating," that is, their sucking the blood of living victims or of recently buried cadavers, which they disinter and use to satisfy their nutritional and ritual needs. The "eating" is done by casting an evil eye on the victim, who feels as though his blood has been sucked.
Strona 43 - While members of the inviting group customarily brought only money, guests from other groups brought both money and a gift. The money was given to the celebrating family to help cover the great cost of organizing the event, functioning like a flexible "bank," raising a large amount of money in a short time.
Strona 43 - Very often the Beta Israel gave knives to their Christian hosts a few days before the wedding, to enable their use at the ceremony.
Strona 7 - Grounded in the understanding that ethnography is a scholarly construction of interpretations 12 —both the group's and my own—this book grew out of more than a hundred in-depth interviews with members of the group who immigrated to Israel from different regions in Ethiopia. Taking its data from participants...

Informacje o autorze (1999)

Hagar Salamon is a Lecturer in the Department of Jewish and Comparative Folklore at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Informacje bibliograficzne