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we find the name of Mr Balfour supporters of Mr Gladstone's agigreeled with a cry of "i Shoot him!” tation. At another, regret is expressed This journey of Lord Spencer's that the attempt to assassinate the to the west is deserving of special Czar did not succeed, coupled with attention. It
attempt a desire that Lord Salisbury and Mr made by the Radical organisaChamberlain might receive by par- tions of Cornwall to display their cel-post some “ chemical ”
prepa- strength, and to overawe those ration which would remove them. Liberal Unionists who, in CornThe individual who uttered the last wall, and still more in the adjoinwish went a little too far for the ing county of Devon, have shown, Gladstonian member of Parliament not only strong vitality, but a who presided at the meeting resolute determination to prove whereat this speech was made ; that the old true principles of but, if we mistake not, he after the “ Liberal party" have not wards stood side by side with been, and shall not be, trampled Gladstonian orators upon one of under foot by the Separatist secthe platforms in Hyde Park, tion of Radicals which follows Mr probably upon that platform at Gladstone, without a protest from which, according to one report, a those who have a better right both coffin, with “ Coercion” and “ Bal- to the principles and the name. four” inscribed upon it, served as As a demonstration, there can be a sounding-board for some of the no doubt that the Gladstonians orators who were endeavouring to achieved a very fair amount of justify the murderous policy of success, as, indeed, the trouble the National League. Again, we they had taken certainly deserved. find that at the Liberal demon- Lord Spencer was received with stration at Truro—where Lord respect and enthusiasm, and made Spencer, to the great regret of all a speech in which he justified his those who have appreciated and adherence to Mr Gladstone and approved his courageous adminis- his opposition to the “Coercion tration of Irish affairs, lent the Bill” of the present Government. weight of his name and influence to If, however, we analyse the speech, the agitation—a spirit was display- we shall probably be strengthened ed which should show the better sort in the opinion that Lord Spencer of Gladstonians what 'are the real is influenced rather by personal materials out of which their party affection and reverence for Mr is constructed. One of the speak- Gladstone, and by the power which ers, in his delight at Lord Spen- a stronger nature exercises over cer's visit to Truro, declared that one cast in a more feeble mould, “the compliment paid to Truro than by any real and reasonable was second only to that in 1880, conviction of his own unbiassed when his Royal Highness the judgment. The manner in which Prince of Wales visited the city he gets rid of the charge of infor the purpose of laying the consistency is as delightful in its foundation-stone of the Cathed- simplicity as it is pitiable in its ral.” The mention of the Prince's weakness.
" I administered excepvisit was received with “loud tional criminal legislation in Irehisses and cries of First'"-a land," says Lord Spencer, reception which must have been as I did not believe that it was posdispleasing to Lord Spencer as it sible to give Home Rule to Irewas discreditable to the disloyal land. I continued in the same
belief until 1886; but then, having must be held to be both inconsistbeen converted to Home Rule, I ent and unpatriotic in refusing to became at liberty to oppose such his successors powers which he legislation, as I now oppose that himself demanded and obtained introduced by her Majesty's Gov- when in a similar position. There ernment."
is a still more remarkable passage It is melancholy to read such in Lord Spencer's speech. He opinions expressed by such a man. contrasts the way in which Lord Let us put the proposition in a Cowper and Mr Forster dealt with more simple and intelligible form. the Land League, with his own When he was responsible for the manner of dealing with the Napeace of Ireland, Lord Spencer tional League, which he admits to asked for, obtained, and exercised be the “ natural successor" of the with firm hand, exceptional Land League-i.e., of that body of powers. Now, not being respons- which Mr Gladstone stated that ible for the peace of Ireland, he is crime “dogged its footsteps.” Lord prepared to resist those who are, Cowper and Mr Forster had put and who upon their responsibility, down the Land League by arresting declare that exceptional powers and imprisoning its leaders. Lord are necessary, in their demand for Spencer magnanimously says “we such powers.
And the poor, piti- never exercised that power, and ful excuse which he alleges as his we thought the proper justification is that he has, in the dealing with the National League interval, become convinced that was to see that it kept within the Home Rule may be safely given law.” This is mighty fine talking; to Ireland. But even if this were but is it Lord Spencer's opinion so, and if the country had expressed that the National League has kept no opinion, ay or no, upon " Home and is keeping within the law? Rule,” it would be a serious error And does not Lord Spencer perupon the part of a patriotic states- fectly well known that it is not the man, such as we take Lord Spen- question whether or not the League cer to be, to refuse to the Execu- and its agents have broken or are tive Government powers which it breaking the law, but whether the asks upon its responsibility unless law has not been so paralysed that he was
prepared, not quibble it cannot be put in force? If a about the increase of crime as Northamptonshire tenant of Lord proved or disproved by the uncer- Spencer's had offended the “ Fartain value of statistical evidence, mers' Alliance” or any similar orbut to deny the existence of a ganisation in England, and if, in state of things in parts of Ireland consequence of such offence, his which places an illegal authority cattle should be maimed, his above that of the Queen, and daughters have their hair cut off supersedes the ordinary law. But, and pitch poured upon their heads, when we come to consider that or if he himself should be shot in the country, specially appealed to the legs or otherwise grievously upon the point, has emphatically injured, Lord Spencer would probrefused to give Home Rule to Ire- ably be of opinion that condign land in Mr Gladstone's sense of punishment should follow such an Home Rule, then Lord Spencer outrage. Would he be content
1 As a sample of the eagerness with which the Separatists are casting around them in every direction for excuses, and of their anxiety to extort from the
with the statement that the law plicable to districts proclaimed by by which such outrages should be the Lord Lieutenant, and that the punished was “not in harmony proclamation can at once be rewith the opinion of the people"? moved, in the event of a better Of course not. Yet that is the order of things being established, answer which is given to us by or the advent of a Government Gladstonian orators and the Glad- which deems it desirable that this stonian press when we protest should be done. Lord Spencer, against similar outrages in Ire- objects to an Irishman being tried land; and in the answer Lord in England by an English jury; Spencer practically concurs when but it is questionable whether the he refuses to the Government proposal in the Bill of Mr Gladpower to enforce the law. Why stone's own Government, that the is a loyal and law-abiding subject trial might take place before three of her Majesty to be outraged in judges without any jury, was not Ireland any more than in North- of a more novel and stringent charamptonshire ? Does Lord Spencer acter. Throughout the whole of really believe that Home Rule Lord Spencer's speech it is but too would be a remedy for such a de- evident that he has allowed himpraved state of public morality as self to be so entirely mesmerised that which tolerates such things in by Mr Gladstone, that he can only the parts of Ireland in which they see with the eyes and hear with occur? He may rely upon it, that the ears of his “ venerable and public morality must be improved, beloved leader"; and under these and criminal outrages punished circumstances, the best wish we with a strong hand, before any can bestow upon him, as a loyal concessions can be made to Irish and well-meaning man, is that the demands; and that to make such trance may be of no long duration. concessions, in any shape or form, We have not much time to beuntil the supremacy of the law stow upon Lord Spencer's late has been vindicated and estab- colleague and subordinate, Sir lished, would be at once a blunder George Trevelyan. No man has and a crime.
ever yet been able to achieve perLord Spencer protests against fect success in the laudable enthe proposed permanence of the deavour to “run with the hare Government measure. He entirely and hunt with the hounds" at forgets that it is only to be ap- the same time, and in this Sir
language of their opponents some condonation of their own position, we may refer to a remark made by Mr Childers at the party meeting in Edinburgh on 20th April. The right honourable gentleman actually held up
as the defender of boycotting! In the Magazine we had written, “ Let the Couservative party universally and firmly set upon the principle of withdrawing their business from all tradesmen they employ who do not support the Conservative candidate." We certainly said so, and do not feel called upon to retract our advice. But we did not say, “ Let those Conservatives who are of our way of thinking compel all other Conservatives to carry out this principle; and if they do not do so, ostracise them, belabour them, maim their cattle, compel them to leave their fields untilled and their crops to rot, ruin them in every possible way, and shoot them down if you can do so with any prospect of impunity.” If we had said this, there might have been some point in Mr Childer's quotation. But as we did not, we can only infer that the right honourable gentleman was adapting himself to the intelligence of his audience. -Ed. B. M.
George has succeeded no better paratively minor issues without than his predecessors. Having forfeiting the respect to which he honestly objected to Mr Glad- has been entitled by his previous stone's Home Rule scheme, and action. described it in strong terms of The frantic efforts of the Gladreprobation, Sir George underwent stonian-Parnellite confederates to an honourable martyrdom in the excite the mobocracy against the Hawick Burghs, and was enrolled Parliament have evoked a feeling in the list of those Liberal Union- throughout the country which will ists with whom patriotism had inevitably grow in force and inproved stronger than party. Since tensity, as the subject is more and then, party has been constantly more impressed upon the public endeavouring to win him back mind. Already, in many parts of from patriotism, and, judging from the United Kingdom, loyal men, various letters and speeches, his Liberals as well as Conservatives, mental conflicts must have been have met to support the Queen's of a curious and distressing char- Government against the acter. To day it would seem that stitutional action of their unscrupthe cuckoo-cry “Coercion " has ulous opponents. Those opponents, been too much for his virtue, and meanwhile, have to look to their that he has discovered that excep- own position, which has not been tional powers which may safely be improved in the eyes of the lawintrusted to Liberal officials can- abiding people of this country by not be left in the hands of their the revelations which have lately opponents. It will be seen that been made concerning some of the weight of party is, at the their associates and allies. On moment, the heavier in the scale. Friday the 15th of April, Colonel To morrow, perhaps, it may be dif- Saunderson ventured to say in the ferent. We can only hope for the House of Commons that which best, and at the same time regret has been said, without refutation that the certain result is that this or contradiction, in the columns vacillation will very much have of the “Times,' with respect to the diminished the confidence which connection between certain leaders the public were disposed to place of the Parnellite party and men in a man who had, on one occasion who have been obliged to fly the at least, acted according to his country under accusation of terconscientious convictions, and done rible crimes. It is possible that good service to his country by a Colonel Saunderson, carried away courageous vote. Sir George Tre- by justifiable feelings, may have velyan must forgive us if we do been somewhat too outspoken in not follow him in his really paltry his language, and may thus have criticism of one or two minor de- afforded an excuse for the indignatails in the Government Bill, which tion, real or pretended, which his can, if necessary, be amended words evoked from the Nationalist in Committee, and which do not allies of Mr Gladstone. It is imat all affect the general scope, possible to prove that men who aim, and object of the measure, have associated with persons upon which have been emphatically ac- whom the guilt of murder and outcepted by the Unionist leaders, rage has been afterwards fastened, with whom Sir George has lately were cognisant at the time of such been associated, and whom he can- association of the real or imputed not now desert upon these com- guilt of those persons. None the
less, however, must it be held cul- say that he should, so far as he was pable on the part of individuals, himself concerned, treat them with be they politicians or not, to estab. contempt. A criminal action might lish intimate relations between indeed be brought; but Mr Sexton themselves and men of whose char- stated in so many words that an acter and antecedents they are Irish member could not hope for ignorant. If charity be stretched justice at the hands of a British so far as to make us believe that jury. Lord Hartington well rethe Parnellite leaders were entire- marked upon this statement that ly ignorant of the practices and it did not harmonise very well intentions of their chosen compan- with an expression of confidence ions, the damning fact remains in the British people and their opthat the companionship existed, position to “coercion,” to which and that there has been no such Mr Sexton had just given utteremphatic condemnation and de- ance; and Lord Randolph nunciation of the men and their Churchill subsequently pointed doings as might have been expect- out in his speech at Nottingham, ed from men whose confidence had if Mr Parnell had no confidence been so shamefully abused. On in an English jury, he could subthe contrary, the public has been mit his case to either a Scottish led to believe that some of those or an Irish one-the statement very men have, up to a recent date, having been circulated by the acted, if they are not even now press of the three kingdoms. acting, as the main supporters and But perhaps the most effective upholders of the Parnellite funds; part of Lord Hartington's speech and Mr Parnell and his friends are was that in which he tore away believed to be upon as good terms the mask from the face of “ her with this wing of their army as Majesty's Opposition," and showed with Mr Gladstone and his lieuten- in plain terms the nature of their ants. Be this as it may, the sim- tortuous and unpatriotic conduct. ple denials of the Parnellites, in They had no need, said Lord Har. however violent and vulgar lan- tington, to hunt up all kinds of guage they may be couched, will excuses for their opposition to a have little weight with the British Bill which was much less strinpublic.
gent than some which they had noble and outspoken themselves introduced and passed. speech on the 18th April, Lord These Bills were intended to arm Hartington demolished their posi- and strengthen the law, which had tion. Mr Sexton, in an able but been defied and frustrated by the discursive speech, had alluded to National League. But since they the statements, ample and detailed, had become converted to Home which have recently appeared in Rule, they had come to the concluthe columns of the Times' news- sion that the administration of the paper, and which, unless contra- law should be practically placed undicted, seem to bring home to some der the control of that very League ; of the Parnellite leaders connec- and it was therefore natural that tion with the Fenian conspiracy, they should no longer support this or at least with its members and kind of legislation. Lord Hartingorganisers. In relation to these ton's speech had a marked effect statements, Mr Sexton had used upon the House, which was by no the words “ slander” and “malig- means diminished or weakened by nant forgery,” but had gone on to the petulant harangue which was