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ed off, and are swallowed: in short, every Catholic seems on the tip-toe of expectation.
delusions the most gross are play-of Parliament, on the Bench, in the Privy Council, and to become King's Counsel in the Courts, and also to be generals and admirals. But, observe, those who are for this emancipation," or, at least, the noisy and aristocratical ones amongst them, want to aller nothing else! They are for a continuation of the title-system and of the whole of the grasping hierarchy; and, above all things, are they for a continuation of the
Now, when one sees people, and particularly innocent and sincere people, thus deluded; thus treasuring up the means of creating despair in their bosoms, it is not only right to endeavour to undeceive them, but it would be cruelty not to do it, if we have the power. If the endeavour fail, the fault is not ours; but, it is our borough-mongering, or seat-sellduty to make the effort.
ing, system. Now, they will never, never, never, gain one single inch in the way of " emancipa tion," until there be such a change of affairs as shall repeal the hierarchy, and as shall annihilate for ever the rotten boroughs and the audaciously infamous seatselling.
It is my opinion, not only that there WILL BE NO "CATHOLIC EMANCIPATION," of the kind, and in the way, of late, and now, talked of; but, further, that such "emancipation," if it were to take place, would be GREATLY INJU RIOUS to the main body of the Catholics, as well as to the main A REFORM, which would body of the people of the whole soon put all religious bodies upon kingdom, of whatever religion or one common level, and which sect. These are propositions di- would, at once, put an end to, all rectly at variance with the inces- the sops that the THING has to sant and noisy harangues of those silence and to fatten people with, who hold themselves forth as the would, of course, take away almost great champions of "emancipa- every motive for keeping Cathotion." These are propositions, lics out of place and power. The directly opposed to the anxious THING, as in America, would wishes of great numbers of good have so little to give, so very, people, who have long been un- very little spoil to share, that justly oppressed. But, as I firmly there would be no motive for believe in the truth of these pro-keeping out the Catholics. But, positions, it is my duty to state as long as the hierarchy shall them, and to endeavour to prove them to be true.
have eight millions a year to devour; as long as there shall be an As to the first; namely, that army pay, and places, pensions "there will be no Catholic Eman- and sinecures, amounting to ten or "cipation of the kind now talked fifteen millions a year; as long as "of," let us first see what that there shall be bishopricks worth kind is. It is of that kind, which from 20 to 40 thousand pounds a would merely remove the oath of year; as long as there shall be supremacy, and would enable sinecures worth from 5 to 40 men, who still refused to take thousand pounds a year; as long that oath, to sit in the two Houses as these things remain, and as the
church and college and crown lands remain as long as Protestants have these things to enjoy; so long will they shut the Catholics out of Parliament and out of the Council, upon just the same rational and most satisfactory ground that one dog keeps another dog out of the same premises; namely, that he may not come in for a share of the bones. Take away the bones, and all chance of bones; and there is an end to quarrelling between these canine gentlemen. REFORM would take away the bones; and then we should hear of no more "no-popery," which, in plain English, means, you shall have none of our plunder."
now; what, then, would be our lot, if this additional, this fresh, this long-fasting and anxiouslylonging set were fixed on upon our already more than half-exhausted veins !
I have long contended for the right of the Catholic peers to sit in the House of Lords; for the Catholics to sit in the other House; and, indeed, for the right of Catholics to be restored to all the privileges of Englishmen. But, I have always coupled this restoration with REFORM: and, I beg that to be borne in mind; for, from that condition, I will never budge. The Catholics have a clear right to all the immunities of Englishmen; but, they have NO RIGHT to seats for rotten boroughs; they have no right to be boroughmongers; they have no right to traffic in
We are all convinced; there is not a man in England who is not convinced, that the great, and, indeed, the only real objection to what is called "Catholic eman-seats as notoriously as the sun at cipation," is, that it would, as the noon-day; they, men or women, 'no-popery" people think, let have no right to offices, pensions, Catholics into a share of the good sinecures, grants, and all sorts of things. We also know, that it things without merit or service. would do this, to a certain extent, They have NO RIGHT at all to at any rate; we know, that it any of these; and, therefore, must do it, unless the good things while it is even possible for them were previously swept away by to get at these things, I shall alREFORM. Now, therefore, 1 ways object, as I always have obsay, in support of my second pro-jected, to that measure called position; namely, that " eman-emancipation," which, as things "cipation without reform, would now stand, would be only a crea"be GREATLY INJURIOUS tion of a new batch of place and "to the main body of the Catho- pension hunters, without any pos "lics, as well as to the main body sible good to the main body of "of the people at large:" in the Catholics, while they would support of this proposition, let have to endure their share of all me first observe, that none of us the evils that this new batch of could possibly gain any thing by blood-suckers would inflict upon that additional number of place the country. and pension and sinecure hunters that such an "emancipation would bring upon us. God knows there are enough leeches at us
In 1812, Mr. HAY, Secretary to the Catholic Body, in Ireland, applied to Sir FRANCIS BURDETT to bring forward, or to support,
the Catholic cause. The answer" does, see clearly, that Reform of Burdett, given in my presence," would leave him no seat to trafwas this: If you Catholics will" fic in! .. ... Yet, good "join us heartily in the cause of "God! can any real change in the "REFORM, you may get your" affairs of the Catholics be ex" rights, for, if we succeed, we pected, without such events as “shall all get our rights; but, if" would demolish the whole of that "you persist in your own selfish" infamous traffic? For my own "object, nobody here will assist" part, if a French army were at you; and, indeed, we reformers" Shooter's-hill, I would say, give "cannot wish you success; for us a constitutional reform, be"that success would place the "fore I march.” "Catholic Aristocracy, and, in"deed, all of you, amongst our "enemies." This was said to Mr. Hay in my presence, and never was there any thing more just. What was just and true in 1812, is just and true now; and this opinion has been greatly strengthened by the recent conduct of the Catholic Aristocracy and leaders, who would, as we all well know, have disfranchised even their own poor freeholders; who would have actually sold the rights of kalf a million of Catholics, for the sake of getting seats and silk gowns for themselves! The middle and working class of Catholics, and the Priests in general, are reformers, as the Protestants, in the same state of life, all are; but, the Aristocracy and the Lawyers are, perhaps, the very bitterest of all the foes of reform. They know well, that reform would take away all the sources of plunder; that it would give the middle and working classes a fair chance; and, therefore, they abhor the idea of it.
Oh! no. I am, as I always have been, for the " emancipation" of us all at once; and this is the way, too, in which the thing will and must come. The Catholic Aristocracy and Lawyers do not want this. They want to get a share of the good things: they want to be in place: and, once more remember, that they wanted to get into place by selling the franchises of all the poor Catholics; and that, in order to justify their conduct, they, in imitation of our boroughmongers and their tools, said, and even took their oaths, that these poor Catholics were the basest wretches on earth, though they have now discovered, that they are such excellently good fellows, that they ought to give rise to an "ore der of knighthood!" To conclude, let our decision be-" reform and emancipation; but, not the latter without the former. Wish, however, as we may, this is what will be. There ought not to be, but, be that as it may, there never will be "emancipation" until there be reform.
In the Register of 30th Octo- In the meanwhile we may amuse ber, 1824, I said, "The Catholic ourselves with observing the capers "seat-jobber would, coming from that the " emancipating" lawyers "Mass, see the whole Irish people are cutting in poor, unfortunate "drop dead before him with hun-Ireland, which seems to be the "ger, or disease, rather than give almost willing dupe even of fools; "up a seat; and he must, and as for example.
The Catholic Meeting of the Province of Munster is intended to be held at Waterford, on Wednesday, the 16th of August. Such Gentlemen as are disposed to sign the requisition for that purpose, will be pleased to send their names to Mr. Dwyer, Catholic Rooms, Corn Exchange, Dublin, as speedily as possible.
Of the Order of Liberators.
It is intended to have the solemn installation of "The Order of Liberators" take place on Monday, the 14th of August, at Waterford. The statutes of the Order will then be passed and published. The medal is in prepara
tion. The ribbon of the Order is to be
of precisely the same colour with that
STATUTES OF THE ORDER PASSED AND PUBLISHED," at Waterford on the day named; and the first intimation the people of Waterford have had of such intended grand ceremonial, was his singular edict or proclamation, issued in the style dictatorial by "DANIEL O'CONNELL of the order of Liberators."
DISTRESS seems to prevail in every part of the Kingdom. The Irish papers tell us, that it is producing death from starvation in IRELAND. Indeed, the situation of the poor creatures in Here is a day fixed in the pleni- that country is the most deplortude of absolute authority for the able that can possibly be imaginneeting of a province! The day ed. Not a few of them are acIn SCOTbeing fixed, "Gentlemen" are in- tually stark naked. vited, by public advertisement, to send LAND, of which we have heard in their adhesion-to give their direct hardly any thing till of late, the sanction to that super-eminent piece distress seems to be deplorable of mummery, the new order of indeed. There have been some Knighthood, and its ludicrous para-proceedings in SCOTLAND, phernalia of Grand Crosses!!
The meeting is ordered to assemble which are very well worthy of atI will first insert from in Waterford. The reader will anti-tention. cipate that the respectable Catholics the Glasgow Chronicle of the of that county, whose noble disin- 20th of July, a description of the terestedness, whose splendid acts state of the people in that part of have amply compensated for the SCOTLAND. It is truly horrithousand "black and grained spots" ble; but it is just such as was which stain the wordy annals of our
pseudo patriots, must have been con-naturally to be expected: it is sulted. It was due to the Catholics the natural fruit of a Ministry so of each county that they should be composed, and of a Parliament so consulted, even though it were only constituted!
The state of the population of the out-put of the small note currency. suburbs of this city is at present It has been discovered that some alike calculated to excite sympathy empty houses have been taken posand alarm. In every quarter the session of, and are at present inhasymptoms of misery are visible-the bited by indigent families, without emaciated countenances and dejected the sanction of the landlord being appearances of the numerous human asked. A number of public works beings that are to be encountered that employed from 200 to 400 hands during a casual walk through the each, have been shut up for four extensive and crowded suburbs of months, and the condition of those Glasgow, sufficiently denote what a that were employed in them may be small portion of the necessaries of casily imagined. Some have been life fall to the share of the mechanic. forced to the hand-loom, and can It is a fact, that in some of the recent scarcely earn a few shillings a week. surveys made among a population of Others were employed in the green, 25,000, scarcely one of the working or breaking stones, and it was a sinclasses were found to have a comfort-gular contrast to find workmen, who able meal at dinner.. Numbers aphad been making 30s. and 27. a week peared to have nothing to subsist upon, in print - fields and cotton works, while others were partaking of the during the heyday of the specula coarsest fare, such as pease meal tions, glad to get work at 1s. a-day. brose only. Some few mecha-The cloth, shoe, and other clubs in nics, such as carpenters, saw this vicinity, to which the working yers, &c., had beef at dinner. The population generally resorted in houses presented a most dismal proof order to obtain their raiment on payof poverty-houses rented at 41. 10s. ment of a certain sum a week, are had not 4s. 6d. of furniture within the now mostly dissolved, the collectors walls-the inmates' beds were composed finding it impossible to gather money, of straw, without any adequate cloth-and afraid to grant credit. One coling, and if the distress reach winter lector in the suburbs, that would without material alteration, many will probably perish under the rigour of the season. The landlords are severe sufferers, having lost nearly all their last half-year's rents; and they may now be said to be proprietors of the majority of hand-looms in this vicinity. Many six-loom shops are wholly unoccupied in the hands of the landlord from this cause. An uncommon number of widows and single women are to be found inhabiting the suburbs, the rents being cheaper, and the public burdens lighter, and the manufacturing works being carried on in the immediate vicinity. These females are at present in a very miserable condition from the stagnation of trade. There will be a heavy deficiency in the local assessments. Hardly any public works have been erected this year, and very few private houses; those finished this season being principally contracted for during the active
have drawn 401. in the week, and had credit with his merchant to the amount of 5007., was obliged to give up the business, and cannot collect one shilling for every pound owing. There is a striking diminution in the quantity of apparel which the females employed in the public works formerly required. Numbers of dressmakers, that supported themselves from this source, having had scarcely anything to do during the last six months. Private charity has, no doubt, done much during the last few months to mitigate the appalling misery that prevails; but it is obvious that it is far too cxtensive and deeply rooted, and the resources of every man of business too much diminished, to expect any further stretch of effective liberality. Government alone possess the means, and to them do the starving population look for relief till trade revives.