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pense, cheaper than ourselves. That | hunger, or to obtain food at the risk all establishments and all imple of the scaffold; and that, when the ments and all materials and stock, mind is once brought coolly to enin trale, commerce and manufac-tertain this question, the law loses tures have, in the course of the last all its terrors, and even the sword eight months, fallen in nominal value gleams and the cannon roars in more than one half; that the ship-vain.
owner, the merchant, the manufac- 4. That, with regard to the causes turer, the shop-keeper, have, there- of this deplorable state of things, fore, been unable to pay their debts, your humble petitioner begs leave to and have, accordingly, become bank-state to your Majesty, that it has rupts or insolvents. That while the not arisen from natural causes, but whole of the middle class have been wholly from Acts, proposed by your thus sinking in the scale of property, Majesty's Ministers, and passed by and while a large part of that class the parliament; that these causes have been sinking into the class be-are, first, enormous taxation, second, low them, that lower class have been repeated and arbitrary changes in gradually sinking from a bare suffi-the value of money, and, third, the ciency of food and raiment down to monopoly of the supply of corn, absolute hunger and nakedness. which monopoly is now pressing on That the system of taxing, of fund-the manufacturing class with pecuing and of monopolies has, for many liar force and severity. That, while years, been pressing down the work- it is notorious, that a considerable ing class; that now, however, that part of the people are in danger of class is reduced to a state of misery starving; while your Majesty's Miand degradation that would almost nisters are urgently recommending seem to deny them the right of life charitable subscriptions, and are acand limb; that, with the exception tually subscribing themselves, in of the unfortunate Irish, the English order to prevent the people from working class have long been the dying with hunger; while these facts poorest, the worst fed, the worst are notorious, it is not less notorious, clad people in that whole world, of that these same Ministers are enwhich their forefathers were the forcing a law, which imposes an best fed, the best clad, and most enormous tax upon bread, and happy; that, of this mass of miser- which, in fact, prevents an abunable beings the working class in the dance of food from being brought manufacturing counties are now the into the country; so that, while the most miserable; that, at this mo- poor manufacturer receives a farthing ment, the question with thousands in the shape of alms, a shilling, perupon thousands probably is, whe-haps, is taken from him by the Cornther it be better to die quietly with Bill. That, at this time, wheat sells
for about 20s. a quarter on the Con- justice to the industrious classes, by
a due regard for the peace of the country, and by those feelings of humanity which the late gracious acts of your Majesty will, your humble petitioner would fain hope, tend, at last, to awaken in the breasts of the
6. That, at this moment, this
tinent of Europe, and flour for about 16s. a barrel at New York; that these prices, including all the charges of bringing the articles to England, are much less than half the present prices of our wheat and flour; that, therefore, when the working man great owners of the land. pays a shilling for a loaf, he, as things now stand, pays, in fact, sixpence for bread and sixpence for coru-tax, kingdom, once so great and so happy, which corn-tax goes into the pockets exhibits to the world scenes such as of the landlords and the beneficed your humble Petitioner verily believes that that world never clergy. That, besides this, the corntax leaves the people in general less money to expend on wearing apparel; that, thus, the manufacturers your Majesty to behold our immense are injured by want of sale for their quantity of goods, made and makgoods; and that on them, who are ing; then to be pleased to look at thus doubly and cruelly oppressed the foreign wheat and flour; then to by this unnatural monopoly, a further be pleased to consider, that the and still greater injury and wrong is inflicted by the want of that export of manufactures, which would take place in exchange for the corn and flour imported.
before; that, with feelings of the most profound respect, he beseeches
owners of the wheat and the flour want the goods, and that the owners and makers of the goods want the wheat and flour; then to be pleased to hear the law say, that the wheat and the flour shall not come; that, of 5. That, such being the causes of course, the goods shall not go, and that the present distress and of the daily the makers of them shall die with increasing danger to the state, a ge- hunger, or be degraded into paupers, neral remedy must, to be efficacious, while abundance of food is tendered apply to the taxes and also to the them in fair exchange for their lavalue of money, and must embrace bour: and, when your Majesty's extensive and equitable reforms and gracious condescension shall have inarrangements; that, however, as a duced you further to observe, that special remedy, applicable to the your people are afflicted with evils, particular and urgent case of the the co-existence of which is wholly now-suffering manufacturing dis- at variance, not only with all orditricts, a speedy repeal and utter abo-nary moral rules, but even with the lition of the Corn-Bill are loudly laws of nature; when your Majesty called for by sound policy, by bare shall be pleased to observe, that, ac
cording to reports laid before, and to | known indulgent disposition, preacts passed by, the parliament, your sumes humbly to represent, that, unhappy people are suffering, at one leaving, for the present, other matand the same moment, from hunger, ters aside, the heavy tax upon bread, and from surplus produce; from na- so injurious to your Majesty's subkedness, and from a glut of clothing; jects in general, and so cruelly op from over-trading and over-working, pressive to the working, and espeand from want of trade and want of cially to the manufacturing, classes, work; from panics occasioned by operates exclusively to the benefit too much wealth, and by too much of the Aristocracy, including the debt; from bankruptcy and insol- Loan - makers and the beneficed vency, the fruit of unexampled pros- Clergy; that, for the sake of this perity; when your Majesty shall class, so small in number, the milhave observed these things, and lions of the community are, by the shall, moreover, have been graciously present system, doomed not only to pleased to reflect on the quantity of incessant and uncompensated toil, food and raiment consumed by the but, in large part, to be placed in well-fed, well-clad, well-mounted, danger of perishing with hunger; troops, now stationed amongst the that, in all sorts of ways, in places, people, who and whose helpless chil-in offices, in pensions, in sinecures, dren are half-naked and crying for in grants, in emoluments of every bread, partly, at least, in conse-species, in advantages, direct and inquence of that Corn-Bill, which was direct, of every description and of originally passed with soldiers drawn every degree, has this class been faup round the Houses of Parliament; voured and enriched at the expense when your Majesty shall have been of the rest of the nation, who, for graciously pleased thus to behold, more than thirty years last past, has thus to observe, and thus to reflect, seen this one class engross a large your humble petitioner will not part of the enormous taxes and of doubt of a conviction in the mind of the not less enormous loans, collectyour Majesty, that there is some ed and raised within that period; great and radical error pervading the that a very great portion of the land. whole system of management of the of this kingdom is owned by this affairs of your Majesty's now im-class; that the ownership generally poverished and sinking kingdom; and still less will he doubt of your Majesty's most anxious desire to apply to these evils a speedy and radical remedy.
rests on grants from the Crown, or has been acquired by means derived directly from the public taxes; and, that, now, in order to uphold the rents of this land, while all other 7. That, therefore, your petitioner, property is falling in value, foreign emboldened by your Majesty's well-food is excluded from the country,
though in defiance of those princi- And your Majesty's humble Petitioner, as in duty bound, will ever pray.
ples of free-trade, so recently applauded in the speeches of your Majesty, and though to the manifest injury of all the other classes of your Majesty's subjects, while amongst a large part of those unfortunate subjects, this selfish and cruel and insulting prohibition is, at this moment, producing all the horrors of pestilence and famine.
THE PURITY OF LANDS AND TENEMENTS.
Ar a dinner at Hull, on the sixteenth of June last, given to Messrs. WILSON and DUNCOMBE, the Rev. WILLIAM KEARY, -minister of Sculcoates, made a speech against the Catholics, in which he tried the great powers of lands and tenements. After a long and violent attack on the Catholic Religion, he came to this matter of a more carnal nature. He had first tried the terrors of the Pope's Bulls. When he found that their roaring did not seem to frighten his auditors, he next tried the fires of Smithfield. Finding these fail also, he resorted, often tried and never failing really as to a pis-aller to the old and and purely Protestant argument, namely, the LANDS and TENEMENTS! Those convincing, those all persuasive lands and tenements, which first produced the famous "REFORMATION," and which were, as is clearly seen in the
8. That your humble petitioner is one of those who suffer from these abuses and these evils; that experience has convinced him, that no remedy can be effectual, whether for relieving the people or saving the state, until there shall be such a reform as shall enable the main body of your Majesty's subjects to secure themselves against the power of this particular class; that he deems it an undeniable fact, that the monopoly in corn is one great immediate cause of the present distress and dangers, while it is evident to all the world that that monopoly springs from the self-interest of this particular and ever-encroaching class; and that, therefore, he humbly, but most earnestly prays, that your Majesty will be graciously pleased to exert your Royal prerogatives and authority in such a way as shall" PROTESTANT REFORMATION, tend to produce a radical reform of the main-spring of the "GLORIthe parliament, and as shall, with all possible speed, cause an importation of foreign food of every sort, free from all obstacle and from every species of tax.
OUS REVOLUTION," and of every measure hostile to the Catholics, from the days of the wife-killer all the way down. Ah! beloved lands and tenements! Piety-inspiring lands and tenements!
The Reverend W. KEARY seems to the Rev. W. KEARY. He tells clearly to understand your vast us that these things might be lookpower on the human heart; for, ed into, if the Catholic Church he reserves you as the last and were re-established. But, why most potent argument. And," may they not be looked into withsays the holy man, "there is out that! He tells us something "another STRONG arguiment about the immutable laws of the "against admitting the Catholics Church; he ridicules this, or con"into power, which argument, demns it. This doctrine of his "you will, Gentlemen, no doubt, may be played back upon him; "duly appreciate. Perhaps, I know that it ought to be played "Gentlemen, you are not aware, back upon him; and I believe "that a very great proportion of that it will be played back upon "the land in these realms, once him, and upon all his tribe.
AFTER the vile uses to which these words have been applied; after the various deceptions that they have given rise to; after the impostures that they have enabled some of the, at once, most brazen
belonged to the different monas"tic institutions: and that it is "one of the immutable laws of "the church, that what has once "been given to God, can never "afterwards be applied to any "secular use or purpose. There"fore, Gentlemen, it will behove "those who possess property thus "situated, to look well to their "title-deeds, and their future "prospects, should the Romish "Church establish herself in po"litical power amongst us." and most hypocritical of mankind Indeed! What the title-deeds to play off on a thoughtless people: called in question? The lands after all these, I am almost afraid and tenements brought into jeo-to put these two words at the head pardy! Say no more about it, of any thing to which I am dethen! That settles the question sirous of drawing the attention of at once and for ever! But, Mr. my readers. But, these words KEARY, holy W. KEARY, is it not have been long in use; and, as possible, that these title-deeds may they will, doubtless, still be used be called in question by a Pro- by the impostors, I shall make testant as well as by a Catholic use of them, in my endeavours to Parliament? Are not we, who counteract those impostors. are Protestants, as much interested in this great mass of property as Catholics would be? Was not the property public property was it not granted away by the crown; and, if the title-deeds can be looked into by Catholics, why may not Protestants look into them?
I just throw out this as a hint
There is, at this time, a great stir making to persuade the unthinking part of the Catholics, that they will NOW surely get "EMANCIPATION"; and also to persuade them, that this thing, called "EMANCIPATION" will be greatly to the benefit of all Catholics. Pains of all sorts are taken to effect these purposes;