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must be turned out.
V. All must be of
stryffulle, drunke*lewe, vnprofitabulle, yf there be ony [* p. 194] suche yfunde or diffamydde vppon these thyngis, that drunken servants
quarrelsome, and they be caste oute or put fro the howseholdle.
The fyft: commaunde ze that in no wyse be in the howse
one accord, holde men debatefulle or stryffulle, but that alle be of ooñ a-corde, of oos wylle, euen lyke as in them ys oon mynde and oon sowle. The sixte : commaunde ze vi. that alle tho that scruen in ony offyce be obedient, and obedient to those
above them, redy, to them that be a-bofe them in thyngis that perteynyñ to there office. | The seuenthe: commaunde vii. ze that youre gentilmen yomen and other, dayly bere and were there robis in zoure presence, and namely at dress in livery, the mete, for zoure worshyppe, and not oolde robis and not cordyng to the lyuerey, nother were they colde and not wear old schoon ne fylyd. The viij: Commaunde ze that vii. zcure almys be kepyd, & not sende not to boys and Order your Alms knafis, nother in the halle nothe oute of þe halle, ne be wasted in soperys ne dyners of gromys, but wysely, temperatly, with-oute bate or betyng, be hit distribute given to the and the[n] departyd to powre men, beggers, syke folke and febulle. The ix.: Make ze zoure owne howse- ix. Make all the holde to sytte in the alle, as muche as ye mow or may, together in the at the bordis of oon parte and of the other parte, and lette them sitte to-gedur as mony as may, not here fowre and thre there : and when youre chef maynye be sett, then alle gromys may* entre, sitte, And ryse (* p. 195)
[1 MS, wys] The x.: Streytly for-bede ze that no wyfel be at zoure x. Let no woman mete. And sytte ze euer in the myddul of the hye borde, that youre fysegge and chere be schewyd to alle men of bothe partyes, and that ze may see lyzhtly Let the Master the seruicis and defawtis : and diligently see ze that euery day in zoure mete seson be two men ordeyned to ouer-se youre mayny, and of that they shalle drede zou
The xi : commaunde ze, and youe licence as lytul xi. tyme as ye may with honeste to them that be in
zoure howseholde, to go home. And whenne ze yeue licence go to their homes.
dine with you.
show himself to all.
Tell off three yeomen to wait at table.
to them, Assigne ze to them a short day of comyng a
yeyne vndur peyne of lesyng there seruice. ji t. i. wroth)
ony man speke ayen or be worthe,' say to hym, “what! grumbling.
zoure wylle. ” and they that wylle not here that ze say, effectually be they ywarnyd, and ye shalle prouide
other seruantis the whiche shalle serue you to youre
come to-gedur afore zou at the tabulle afore gracys,
And ley they not the vessels deseruyng for ale and
wyne vppon the tabulle, * but afore you, But be thay (* p. 196]
layid vnder pe tabulle. The 13 : commaunde ye the
maynye in hys owne persone inwarde and vtwarde, and
messys, bryng them be ordre and continuelly tyl alle [1 MS. affecciori] be serued, and not inordinatly, And thorow affeccion'
to personys or by specialte; And take ze hede to this
ye to zoure mette. [The xiiij : commaunde ze þat youre dish well filled
dysshe be welle fyllyd and hepid, and namely of
entermes, and of pitance with-oute fat, carkyng that ze that you may help may parte coureteysly to thoo that sitte beside, bethe
of the ryght hande and the left, thorow alle the hie
chese. | And yf the[r] come gestis, seruice schalle be
officers that they admitte youre knowlechyd men,
and serve every one fairly.
xiv, Hare your
others to it.
and show them
wh[ische they knowen you to wille for to admitte and receyue, and to them the whiche wylle you worschipe, and* they wyllen to do that ye wylle to do, that they
[* p. 197] may know them selfe to haue be welcome to 30u, and you are glad to
see them. to be welle plesyd that they be come. | And al so muche as ze may with-oute peril of sykenes & werynys ete ze in the halle afore zoure meyny, For that schalle be to zou profyte and worshippe. The xvj : xvi.
Talk familiarly to when youre ballyfs comyn a-fore zoure, speke to them
your Bailiffs, fayre and gentilly in opyñ place, and not in priuey,
And shew them mery chere, & serche and axe of them “how fare owre men & tenauntis, & how cornys doon, & cartis, and of owre store how hit ys multiplyed." do. Axe suche thyngis openly, and knowe ze certeynly that they wille the more drede zou. The xvij : com- xvii. Allow no
private meals ; maunde
that dineris and sopers priuely in hid plase only those in Hall be not had, & be thay forbeden that there be no suche dyners nother sopers oute of the halle, For of suche comethe grete destr[u]ccion, and no worshippe therby growythe to the lorde.
Expliciunt Statuta Familie bone Memorie.
your tenants and store
Prof. Brewer has, I find, printed these Statuta in his most interesting and valuable Monumenta Franciscana, 1858, p. 582-6. He differs from Mr Brock and me in reading drunkelewe (drunken, in Chaucer, &c.) as 'drunke, lewe,' and vessels as bossels,' and in adding e'st to some final g's. He says, by way of Introduction, that, “ Though entitled Ordinances for the Household of Bishop Grostete, this is evidently a Letter addressed to the Bishop on the management of his Household by some very intimate friend. From the terms used in the Letter, it is clear that the writer must have been on confidential terms with the Prelate, I cannot affirm positively that the writer was Adam de Marisco, although to no other would this document be attributed with greater probability. No one else enjoyed such a degree of Grostete's affection ; none would have ventured to address him with so much familiarity. Besides, the references made more than once by Adam de Marisco in his letters to the management of the Bishop's household, greatly strengthen this supposition. See pp. 160, 170 (Mon. Francisc.). "The MS. is a small quarto on vellum, in the writing of the 15th century. It is in all probability a translation from a Latin original.”
1 In this he is probably right. The general custom of editors justifies it. Our printers want a pig-tailed or curly g to correspond with the MS. Oile.
Stanzas and Couplets of Counsel.
[From the Rawlinson MS., C. 86, fol. 31, in the
Never mistrust or fail your friend.
Vtter thy langage wyth good avisement;
Mystruste not thy frende for none accusement, 4 Fayle him neuer at nede, what so euer befalle;
Solace pi selfe when menn to sporte þee calle;
Don't talk too much.
Spare your master's goods as your own,
8 What mann þou seruyst, alle wey him drede ;
His good as þyn owne, euer þou spare.
12 Folus lade polys; wisemenn ete pe fysshe; Wisemenn hath in þer hondis ofte þat folys
[Follows:--Policronica. Josephus of Iewes þat Nobyl was, the firste Auctour of the booke of Policronica, &c.]
of Ulertue, and booke of
good Nourture for chyloren, and
With a briefe declaracion of the
dutie of eche degree.
Dispise not councel, rebuking foly
Imprinted at London in Panles
the Hedgehogge by