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readily take any thing upon trust, that is said of Hereticks; and as readily

• Subscribe any thing against them. Give me leave to mention a truc, and here Æthiop. Com-· a very pertinent, Remark of Ludolphus concerning the Habassini, who, faith

• he, if they be asked any thing about Religious matters will be very ci.

vil and refpečtfull in their Answers, either for fear of being counted Here• ticks themselves, or to hide their own Ignorance. This I take to have been,

and still to be, the very case in getting these Subscriptions of the Grecks and • others in the East.

* I must therefore, my Lord, crave leave plainly to say that these Articles • and Forms were first drawn up by the Latin Emissaries and Agents them

felves, before they were offer'd to the Subscribers. It is most evident in the Attestations which your Excellency hath thewn me, that those of the Venetian Bailo Quirini; of Casimir the Resident of Poland; of Fieschi • Resident of Genoa; of Caboga Resident of Ragusa; are all the very fame,

Article for Article, in the very fame Sense, and almost in the very fame • words; It seems to me beyond all Dispute that they came all from the fame hand. I observe the same in the Testimony of the Right Reverend

Andreas Ridolphi, Bishop of Calamina, or as we say of Galata; only !
'must humbly make this small Remark upon it, that I had the opportunity

many times of conversing with him; it was indeed for the molt
• Italian, but sometimes occasionally we spake Latin ; and truly though
. he was a Man of very ready parts and great logenuity, yet I must say
• that I never observed fuch an affluence of words and such varicty of Phrale
• in his Latin as is there expressed. He hath varied the sense of, Credere,
• to believe, at least ten times in his thirteen Articles; as affirmare, edo-
cere, tenere, &c. If he had Studied for the whole, as well as for the
• change of this one word, methinks that he would not in his Preface
• there have so carelessly put, 'Martyriam, (from the Greek word reagtu-
giev) instead of the plain Latin word, Teftimonium, Testimony, but i ra-

ther' must think that some of his officious Asociates ar St. Francis made this
• flourishing Compliment, for the Honour of so great a Man, and put it into
his hands ready drawn.

• I must freely confess to your Excellency, that for my part I am fully con• vinced, that all the forms of the other Attestations of the several Eastern Pea • ple were first contrived and drawn up by your Latin Agents, who were scat• ter'd


and down and seated amongst them. The Natives in those Countries · who never went abroad, but had all their Education at home, are generally re

presented by all as fuch dull, stupid, illiterate Fellows, as there is not one of • them able of themselves to draw up any such Attestations as you produce. · Whence had they their very Latin Scholastick terms and phrases, exprest so nicely • in all their Articles, and levellid fo exactly against the Lutherans and Calvinifts, * and other pretended Hereticks in the West? The very Articles themselves, • and the common usual Prefaces to them, are meer Calumpies and lovectives · against them.

Whence had they all these Notices but from your Emil • faries?

• As for the Maronites Attestation, the Latins boalt much that they have been long since thoroughly reconciled to their Church of Rome, and therefore (whatever their former, proper, old Sentiments were ) this can avail pothing • in this present dispute; for it is no wonder that their present Declaration is

entirely in the Roman Stile and Sense. However I must needs make this note, • that your Excellency own'd to me that the whole performance was carried 'on by the Care and Importunity of a Jesuit, who I luppose might be Father Michael

, whom you sent to them on purpose; and therefore I do conclude, " that either he, or some other of that fraternity, modell’d and drew it


for them, for all the World know the Methods of that cunning and indefatiga. ble Society

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p. 14.

• I must say the same of the Armenians; they are a very numerous People, • but planted in several distinct places under the Ottoman and Persian Govern

ments; there are amongst them two or three nominal Patriarchs besides the * pretended one at Constantinople, and I have met with some Bishops of them here, and at Prufa (or as we commonly call it Brufa) and elsewhere, and

in all that I ever conversed withall my Self, and by the common relations • which I ever received from discerning Men who have lived up and down a

mongst them (I mean the native and homebred Armenians ) the same pro* found Ignorance remains amongst them every where; and there are envious • Disputes, Quarrels, and mortal hatreds amongst these their Prelates, that it is * no wonder to me if several Attestations are here and there picke up from these • blind Guides, who will by importunity be brought to Subscribe any thing · which they do not understand, mcerly to court great Men, and to support * and promote their particular Interests. As for your famous Attestation from Ispahan, it seems to me most evident that it was contrived, drawn


and managed by a Junto or Confederacy of Latin Agents, Father Raphael a Ca* pucin, Kelenter (thar Rich, Powerfull and profest Papist,) and Peter Badik, who had been taught and educated in Rome, who took all the pains imaginable to oblige your Potent Monarch, and gratify your Excellency in your desires; for those Armenians themselves are confessedly own’d to be all * a most wretched, illiterate, ignorant sort of people, and were not in the least • able to frame such a formal Declaration, and so artfully to aim it against the 'pretended Western Hereticks.

• What proof can your Excellency make by the Perotes Testimony? I know • them all to be of the Genoefe race, and that they were profest Papists from their • Original; and many of them Marrying with Greeks have mutually mixt and • blended their religious Worship together. Many of your Hugenot French • Watchmakers here are Married to Greeks, and they and their Wives come • to our Sacrament and receive it at my Hand, and after our way, and some few • of them with their Wives communicate with the Dutch; this makes altoge

ther as much against you, as the other does for you. There is no doubt buc • that the Greek Papasses may carry their Consecrated Mites sometimes to La• tins who are Sick, and the Latins may do the like to some Greeks; but they • never saw the Greeks carry their Viaticum any where with any pompous * p. 14. • Procession through the Streets as the Latins do, neither do any Worship it as • it pass by. I have seen many of our Greek Servants my self go in Mafchera and Disguise to St. Francis op Ash-wednesday, and my own Man was • once (as locognito) one of them; and there they sath themielves in a most • frightfull Heathenish manner; but they had all first harden'd themselves with • so much Drink as some of them when they bowed were ready to fall on • their Noses. These Practises give me a very good account how matters

pass elsewhere where Greeks and Latios here in the East live together; poor • ignorant People, silly Men and especially Women, are casily seduced by the

Crafty Emissaries who make a prey of them; I am fully perswaded that those

vigilant, diligent, Peripateticks are every where at the the bottom of all. It 1 Pet. 5.8. • is possible enough that some well-meaning Greeks have carelessly, and per

haps too freely, calkt with these Perotes about religious Matters in the Habisfine way, to be easy with them and to cover their own Ignorance, in things which neither the one nor the other thoroughly understood; for the · case stands thus, Greeks that seem to favour Popery are faid by others to • be Schismaticks or Latinized; those who seem against it are by others branded with the name of Calvinists; and this makes them either conceal and dif- N. B. Yet this

femble their minds to one another, or by degrees to become indifferent as yery Man after • to all disputes that they may live io quiet. N.B. An English Apothecary of my Conftane.grew e intimate Acquaintance Married a Greek Woman, and both of them were made

penting rePapists by the importunity of the Dominicans their Neighbours, who em-turn’d" to our *ploy'd the Man when any of their Convent were Sick or indisposed; but Communion

again and died we in it.

Wifer, and re




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* p. 150 we know very well what a Potent Idol Interest is commonly made over all

the World.

Father Zampi in the Mengrelian Certificate, which yoor Excellency shewd * me is said to have tranflared it ; bur he there'owns himle!f to be an Emissary, and the Georgian Bishop, (I doubt not in the least, ) who is said to have drawn it, had been Educated in the fame College at Rome, or at least had had his advice and direction in the whole affair; for from whence else had they the notion of the Substance of Bread being Anilated and Tranfub* ftantiated into the true Body of Christ? The native Mengrelians are fufficiently known to be all, as for Learning, moft Miserable Wretches; and it is

very remarkable that the Articles are made in thc plural number, they declare, ' they observe, (that is, the Mengrelians) &c. so that this is in reality only the

private Attestation of the Georgian Latinized Bishop, and not of the particu-
lar Mengrelians themselves.
• What can I think or say otherwise of the pretended Attestations from the
Patriarchs of Antioch, they are all so particularly drawn up against the French
Calvinists and other Proteltants in Europe, and their Opinions fo punctually
specificd in cycry Article, that it is most cvidcut to me that fome sagaci-
·ous Emissaries were the Authors of them. Whence cllc had thefe Prclares
• and their Associates these Informations, who understand not one word of La-
• tin nor ever law any of Calvin's or his Disciple's works? Who caught them,
* that each of the two Species, either of the Bread or of the Wine, by its

self, is the entire Body of Christ, when we kgow very well that in the East
• both Elements are always received by every Communicant, and the fancy of

Concomitancy, is neither knowp nor understood by them? So also, that one
ly the Appearances or Accidents of Bread and IV ine remain? Whence had

Meletius, a pretended Patriarch of Alexandria, that exprels piece of BellarDe Eucharist.. mine's Sophiltry, which you mention’d to me once out of a letter of his, that 1. 2. c. 15. p.o the Elements are at the same time plaiu Antitypes, or Figures of Christ's *p. 16. entire Body and Blood, and yet they are the very true Body and Blood them.

selves; they are real Figures of themselves, and yet their very feives too
• at the same moment? I beseech your Excellency to consider well this onc
Syllogism, Typus Corporis Christi eodem tempore ac senfi non eft ipfum
Corpus Christi; Elementum, seu Panis, eft Typus, & manet Typ4s, Cor.
poris Chrifti; Ergo elementum feu. Panis eodem tempore ac fenfu non eft
ipsum Corpus. As your Excellency hath told me that ą jefuit procured.
these from Antioch; fo for my part I must conclude that he and his Brç-
thren Formed apd Worded every one of them. lą one place it is plainly con-
felt that these Articles or Queries were sent from you, and presented to
· those Fathers at. Antioch by Father Mìchael a Jefuit; and though there
• had been no such open declaration made, any unprejudiced Man, that serious-

ly peruses them, must needs Imagine that they were all forged by a Latin band; the continued Calumnies and Invectives carried on all along against • the French Calvinists, and the pure Scholastick Terms, and the common stile lufficiently do evince it; for thus they write, these French Calvinists say, this and that, these. Prevaricators or Impostors have said; these Here* ticks Jay; these people have said; these Hereticks believe, &c. These

very fame things we may also plainly observe in the Açtestations of the Cophtes, those miserable Wretches fufficiently noted by all for their horrid Confufion and Ignorance.

The World, may well guess at the Learning and Capacity of thcsc Eastera Prelates, by a Letter from a Patriarch of Alexandria to our Ambassador Sir · Dan. Harvey. About a year before I came into Turky, Joakim Patriarch of Alexandria, an old Man, was turn'd, or rather bought, out of his place by bis owo Nephew; and being Persecuted and Prosecuted for Debts which he had Contracted, he fled to. Conftantinople and desired my Lord 19 let him have his Protection in his Palace. I beseech you, Excellency frcely to tell

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me whether by this you can think that he was at all able to dress up any tole- *p. 16. rable Attestation himself, much less any such an accurate and cunningly con• trived one as those which you have thewn me. Sir Dan. Harvey hath Thewn . you the Original and this is an exact Copy of it.

Excellentissimo & illustrissimo Legato felicissime bretanie
Domino Danieli Harvey, Joacim gratia Dei
papa & patriarcha magne civitatis Alexandrie

S. P.
Notum facio veftra excellentia ego patriarcha 'alexandrinus, quod ab in-
justitia impiorum expulsus sum ex alexandria jam unum annum & aberro
fur sum & deorfum, ut servam meam vitam ab inimicis meis, qui volunt oc-
cidere me fine caufa. non habeo igitur alibi refugium nisi vestram excellen-
t'iam. quoniam ab initio vefira domus eft refugium patriarcharum. ideoque
rogo illuftriffime ut des mihi unum cubiculum in palatium tuum obscuri metem
quia periclitur notus fuisse, in domis grecorum habitans : vale-
& dignaris respondere nobis, per vocem Jeremie fervi tui

Ιωακειμ ελεω θεου πατριαρχης αλεξανδριας:

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• I suppose it was Indited and Written by some one which he thought the • learnedest Latinest of his Associates, and then he firmed it Scurvily with his

owo hand. One Cyril (much such another ) pretending to be Patriarch of Antioch, and then in distress, came to Sir Dan. Harvey in January 1675.

desiring his Protection and Assistance; He was a young Man, and seem'd Doc • much above two or three and twenty years old; but Sir Daniel gave him no relief, and thew'd him as little respect. I could add many more remarks to this

very same purpose, but I humbly conceive that it already appears most evident • that the Articles were all ready drawn and stated by your Emissaries, and being thus formally offer’d, were through opportunity and importunity subscribed by thele poor ignorant and misguided People.

Give me leave now most humbly but freely to consider how these Subscrip- *p. 19: * tions were procured. We all know very well what immense Glory, Autho

rity and Power the very name of your great Monarch hath throughout all • the Dominions of the East; as being stiled the most Christian King, and the Protector of all who there profess and Worship the Blessed Jesus, as the eldest Son of the Church; and your Excellencies Repown and Patronage, as his Ambassador, flies every where upon the Wings of the same Fame, and is coextended and jointly esteemed with it. Now since the G. Seignor, and other Infidel Princes, (to speak plain truth) are the Heads or sole Disposers of all publick promotions and affairs in all the Christian Churches of the East, who can pretend to a greater loterest with them, then Lewis the Great, and the most Illustrious Marquis de Noirtel, his most fplen

did and every way moft Excellent Ambassador ? And therefore it is most plain • to me, first that all Christian Prelates, and grear Men in the Eastern Church, • must in common reason on all occasions most diligently court, and apply them

selves to your fingular Protection. Next there ever was for many Ages past, * aod at this very day there are every where Parties and Divisions and Am:bitious Men amongst them; what a vast weight then, in their Differences, • must the French support carry with it? Pardon me, great Sir, if I here

presume only to mention the illustrious Character which your Excellency • hath generally and most justly gaip'd amongst all that know You. Your No

ble and most generous Temper ; the splendor and Magnificence of your Palace, • and of your Manageing your whole Family in every thing, whereby you here • so fully express the very Glory of the Court of France; the State and Grandeur of your Equipage and Attendance in all your Progress to Athens, through the Archipelago and Palestine, at Jerusalem and elsewhere; the


p. 17.


prodigious expedce which you were at, (which, as I remember, you coid tre Journal, p. 25.

amounted to much above ten thousand pounds of our English Moncy;) God

forbid that I, who fo well know your opfpotted Honour and Integrity, should · harbour the least thought that any part of it was spent in any Intriguing or Mercenary manner; yet I cannot but think that all these Accomplishments, and

your Majestick Appearance, must necds every where dazle the Eyes of all Spectators, • and wonderfully influence both great and small, and create in them a most • profound respect and Reverence for your Person, and as great an Inclination • and Readineis to gratify you in your requests, for Subscribing what was so art. fully drawn up by your Emissaries, and what the Subscribers themselves fo lictle coofidered or understood.

My Lord, we in England koow very well the common Methods which are there used to gec Subscriptions to our frequent Addresses, and publick Petitions • to our King in matters both of Church and State; and how Votes are pro• cured for Candidates in all Elections. The Authority aod Countenance of • great Men, the active warmth and poise of zealous Sticklers, the Ealiness or Indifferency in the middle sort of People, but above ali that potent Idol Interest, cvery where from the highest Managers of parties to the lowest Free

holder amongst them though he be but a Cobler, will infallibly determine all * p. 18.

· controversies and carry each Cause; and the very fame things usually influ• ence our Commitcies of the Elections of our Cominons in Parliament; so that • I cannot think that the Subscription or Vote of every particular Man is really • and steadily the sincere studied Opinion of his Heart; and Men all over the

World, in the East as well as in the West are still alike, meer Men. Be• sides all this (not to mention all the time since Pafchafius his Dream, nor • the many years that Constantinople and Jerusalem were in the Latips bands. when the Natives in both places were (as is confessed by all) egregiously Ignorant ; and the Latin Priests, as they were more Learned, fo without all Question tbey were every where very Zealous and Active amongst thein. 1 cannot but consider the numerous Missionaries which were fince fet up by your Heory the fourth, and those yearly fent out from the College de

propaganda Fide at Rome, amongst the miferably Ignorant Easterlings, (Georgi* ans, Persians, Greeks, Neftorians, Jacobites, Melchiles, Copbtes, Æthi

opians, Armenians, &c.) under pretence of Instructing them, and not for • the Conversion of Mahometans or Infidels; and theoce i cappot but conclude • that these Skilfull, Wirty, and Vigilant Agents have very easily insinuated • the Latin Doctrines by degrees into those who had neither Learning nor Cou: rage to oppose them.

• It is very plain to me that meer Interest guided the Eastern Prelates, and

when the Shepherds are once misled, the Flocks (as the Custom is still there Joh. 10. 4.

in the common Herds of Sheep,) will follow them; their Stamp or Scal a• lone charms the common Priests as much, as the common Shepherd's Pipe or • Whistle, calls and brings on the following Herd. As for the Officers of Patriarchs, Metropolites and Bishops they must all Subscribe or be turn'd out if the Patron Subscribe. i humbly and with all fubmission and deference beg • leave to make this one poor Remark; when Parthenius had turo'd our Me

thodius, and did not comply with your Excellency, Methodius was drawn from • our House, and he with the Junto of the other Expatriarchs, (Parthenius · his Enemies) then Refugees in your Palace, by your Authority and Pana·gioti's allistance turn’d our Parthenius; and it was then that they subscrib. •ed that Article in favour of Tranfubftantiation ; a Copy of which your Excellency was pleased to give me singly by it self in Greek and French; I hope I may freely fay, that this might give us at least a juft fufpicion that Obligations and Respects between you were mutual; your relief and support of them in their difficulties on one side, and their obsequious gratifying your Requests on the other. And thus the Bethlehem or Jerufalem Synod was


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