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A TABLE OF CONTENTS.
cellor of the Empire of the French,
" Long has the tyrant wav'd his iron rod,
Leng on the bending neck of Europe trod,
VOLTAIRE justly remarks, that no family, either of sovereigns or subjects, have been more exposed to the vicissitudes of fortune, and to that misery which attends human life in all conditions, than the Royal Family of the House of Stuart; of whom, during twelve generations, three only died natural deaths : all the others were killed either in the field, during civil or foreign wars; in prisons, by poison administered by
treacherous foes, or on the scaffolds erected by rivals, rebels, or regicides. Had this French author lived to see our wretched days, and witnessed the shocking consequences of a political, moral and religious revolution, to which his writings in some degree contributed, he would have been forced to acknowledge, that another Royal Family, considering the long period of its prosperity, and the accumulated sufferings of some few years, might claim a melancholy priority. For fourteen centuries, the Bourbons have, almost without interruption, possessed the sovereignty of France. Factions and revolts, invasions and insurrections, have sometimes disturbed their reigns; but most of them died in their beds, and all in ruling on their hereditary throne, which, when occupied by the most patriotic monarch of the whole race, was overturned ; a revolutionary tyranny was created on its ruins, and during eleven years, five Bourbons have perished by violent deaths, victims to the barbarity of French republicans. Neither the virtues of the good Louis XVI. ; nor the elegance, the beauty, the sex, the heroic constancy in misfortunes, of Maria Antoinette; neither the pure, the immaculate life of the religiously tender Princess Elizabeth; the innocence and youth of Louis XVII. nor the