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Increase of a Glacier. The glacier of minutes, and at first consisted of noises exOrtler, in the vicinity of Chiavenha, in the actly resembling gun-shots, at equal disTyrol, has, notwithstanding the late mode- tances, of about a second, each loud and disrate winter, increased in a very extraordi. tinct, afterwards it fell away to a kind of nary degree. A stream which formerly ran grumbling, which gradually ceased. The from this glacier has ceased to flow since noise appeared to shift in a direction from Michaelmas 1817, and incessant subterrane- east towards the south. ous noises and roarings, which are heard Earthquake in Greenland. A severe shock from beneath the ice, are attributed to the of an earthquake was experienced in Greencollection of waters within the glacier. The land in the night of the 22d of last Novem. glacier in the valley of Nandersberg has ber. Hecla was perfectly quiet at the time. presented similar appearances, and great Extraordinary Fall of Rain. On the fears are entertained for the neighbouring 21st of October 1817 (the day the hurricane country in both these places, on the libera- commenced in the West Indies), at the Istion of the confined waters on the approach land of Grenada, with the wind west, and of summer.
the barometer at 29.40, eight inches of rain Earthquakes on the Continent. During fell in twenty-one hours, and the rivers rose the storm which raged, on the 23d of Febru. thirty feet above their usual level. From ary, over Provence and the northern part the 20th of October to the 20th of Novem of Italy, many towns were thrown into great ber, seventeen inches of rain fell. disorder by repeated shocks of earthquakes. Fossil Bone of a Whale. Part of the jaw At Turin, two shocks were felt, and at Ge- bone of a whale was dug up a short time noa, Savena, Alanco, and San Remo, they since in Roydon gravel pit, near Diss. It were repeated at intervals during two days, measured twenty inches in girth, but was and at some towns several houses were in. not above nine inches long. The outside jured.
was penetrated by stony matter, but the At Antibes, in Provence, the weather was inside was similar in every thing to recent very rough ; a few minutes after seven in bone, except in the colour, which had been the evening of the 23d, a tremendous rush given it by the stratum in which it lay. Its of wind took place, and then sank into a present form and appearance are attributed calm ; a dull subterranean noise was heard, to the attrition it is supposed to have suffer. the sea suddenly dashed against the rocks, ed at former times. The ends are so worn, and in three seconds three oscillations of the that they seem rather artificial than natural. earth were felt, proceeding from south-east Remains of a Mammoth.--A fisherman to north-west. T'he wind then rose, and the of Philipsbourg, on the Rhine, lately drew storm raged as before. At twelve o'clock a up in his net, the foot and the omoplate of a fresh sho was felt, and next morning, near Mammoth. These curious remains were mid-day, another also, preceded by the sent to the King of Baden's Cabinet of Na. same smothered rumbling noise. The shocks tural History at Carlsruhe. were felt throughout the whole of Provence, Cobalt und Silver Mini. We are inform. where no earthquake had been experienced ed by Mr Mawe, that the machinery for for eleven years.
working the cobalt and silver nine on the Earthquake in France. A slight earth. west edge of Dartmore is just completed ; quake was felt at Marseilles on the 23d of and the workings will shortly assume a reFebruary, at seven o'clock in the evening; gular form. The large black masses of arand on the 24th, at eleven o'clock in the senical cobalt, contrasted with the white morning. The same phenomena occurred curls of capillary silver and crystallized sulalso on the 19th, at Roffach Soietz and Be- phuret of silver, which fill the cavities of fort, in the Upper Rhine.
the quartz gangue, form specimens peculiarOn the 24th and several shocks of ly interesting, and almost rival those from earthquakes were felt at Var.
Mexico. Earthquake in England. A slight shock Meteorological Establishment at St Ber. of an earthquake was experienced at Con- nard.—In the number of the Bibliotheque ingby. in Lincolnshire, on the 6th of Fe- Universelle for October last, Prof. Pictet bruary, which lasted some seconds. A noise gives an interesting account of an establishlike the subterraneous firing of cannon was ment that has lately been formed for mak. heard at the time, and the windows of the ing meteorological observations at the Conhouses in the town were much shaken. At vent of Great St Bernard. Every attention the same time, a similar phenomenon was appears to have been paid to the accuracy experienced at the east end of Holderness, of the instruments, and the method of using where the noise strongly resembled that of them; and we may expect to derive the horses running away with a waggon, and it most important information from a detailed is said that the drivers of several teams account of the state and variations of the drew up to the road side, to make way for atmosphere at an elevation of above 8000 what they supposed the cause of the sound. feet, where the mean height of the mercuA gentleman, who, with his servant and rial column is not more than 22 inches. labourer, were in the neighbourhood of With respect to the construction of the inTrentfall, about fifty miles from Coningby, struments, we are informed that the reser« also heard the noise. It lasted about two voir of the barometer is exactly ten times VOL. III.
the diameter of the tube ; the correction for which was lately sunk in Hamoaze, to enthe changes of the height of the mercury deavour to cure her of the dry rot, has been in the reservoir is, therefore, only one raised, commissioned, and taken into dock. hundredth of the variation in the tube, a On opening her, she has been found defecquantity which is, in almost all cases, too tive in every part, and must undergo a thominute to be noticed. To the barometer is rough repair. The Topaze frigate, also orattached a mercurial thermometer, furnish- , dered for commission, which was repaired ed with two divisions, one octogesimal, ac- not long since, is found to be in the same cording to the scale of Reaumur, the other state. The Dartmouth frigate, built at so arranged, that each degree of the scale Dartmouth, three years old, never at sea, is corresponds to one-tenth of a line of varia- also undergoing a complete repair. Not a tion in the height of the barometrical co- ship is taken into dock but is found to be lumn. The zero of this latter answers to nearly rotten. The very best ships do not the tenth degree of the octogesimal scale average more than twelve years existence. (54.5° of Fahrenheit), and every observa. The San Domingo, 74, was ripped up (four tion of the barometer is reduced to this con- years old) at Portsmouth,
The Queen stant temperature, by means of the correc- Charlotte, 110, was built at Woolwich, tion which is obtained by the thermometer. sent round to Plymouth, found rotten, and The correction is very easily made, since underwent a thorough repair : she was also every degree above or below zero represents several months under the care of Dr Lukin, so many tenths of a line, which are to be an Admiralty chemist, who received £5000 subtracted or added from the barometrical for his ineffectual labours to stop the proobservation. The thermometer is formed gress of vegetation in the ship. After a with a flattened column of mercury, so as short cruise, the Queen Charlotte was laid to present to the eye a large and very visible up at Portsmouth, where she remains in a surface, while at the same time the absolute very defective state. size is very minute. The hair hygrometer New opinion in regard to Pompeii and of Saussure is employed, but with a little Herculaneum. It is at present the general alteration in its mechanical arrangements. belief that the two celebrated cities of PomIn the old construction the index descended peii and Herculaneum were overwhelmed towards dryness, and ascended towards mois- and destroyed by an eruption of Vesuvius ture ; in the present instrument, the mo- in the year 79. It is now, however, maintions are reversed, so that its action is ren- tained, that this was not the case. Pom. dered more conformable to that of the baro- peii is said to be covered by a bed of lapillo, meter and thermometer.
of the same nature as that we observe daily We have an account of the observations forming by the agency of water on the shore that were made in this meteorological ob- at Naples ; while Herculaneum is covered servatory during the latter half of Septem- by a series of strata, altogether forming a ber 1817.
mass sixty feet thick, of a tuff, having the The greatest height of the barometer 22.40 character of those tuffs formed by water. The least height
22.06 From the facts just stated, it is conjectured, The mean height at sun rise
22.36 that the cities were destroyed by a rising of Ditto at 2 P. M.
22.42 the waters, which deposited over them the The greatest height of the thermo- stratified rocks, and not by matter thrown
54.5° from Vesuvius. It is also said, that no The least height
29.75 eruption of Vesuvius took place in the year Mean height of the thermometer at
79. sun rise
38.00 Preventing the Blight. It is said that Ditto at 2 P. M.
46.6 the American farmers have of late years Mean height of the hygrometer at adopted the following method to prevent sun rise
92.0 the blight or mildew from injuring the Ditto at 2 P. M.
crop of apples. In the spring, they rub There were four rainy days during this tar well into the bark of the apple-trees, period ; the quantity of rain was no more about four or six inches wide round each than 7 inches: the season is represented as tree, and at about one foot from the ground; having been peculiarly fine.
which effectually prevents the blight: abunZircon..This mineral has, we under- dant crops are the consequence. This is stand, been discovered by Dr Macculloch certainly worth trial in England. in Sutherland. It occurs in a compound Prize of the Royal Society of Gottingen. rock formed of copper-coloured mica, horn- - The Royal Society of Gottingen has ofblende, and felspar.
fered a prize of fifty ducats, for “ an accuThis rock forms one of the occasional beds rate examination, founded on precise expe. in the gneiss, and bears a resemblance in its riments of Dalton's theory of the expansion composition to the circon syenite of the north of liquid and elastic fluids, especially of of Europe; the crystals are a quarter of an mercury and atmospheric air, by heat.” inch in length, and well defined, and their The authors are desired to pay attention to colour is an obscure crimson, approaching the necessit; alleged by Dalton, for changto that of cinnamon.
ing the progression of the degrees of the Dry Rot. The Eden sloop of war (new), present thermometrical scales : memoirs
must be transmitted before the end of Sep. Society, which was dug out of the fountember 1819.
dation of some ancient ruins, about eight Zoophytic Animals.-M. Lesueur, now miles from Bushire, in the East Indies. in Philadelphia, made many curious ob- It contained, when discovered, the disjointservations on molluscous and zoophytic ed bones of a human skeleton, which had animals, during his passage from Europe perfectly retained their shape, till a short to America. He collected and delineated time after exposure to the atmosphere, by the animals of many different species of the removal of the lid, which was fasIsis, Gorgonia, Alcyonium, Meandrites, tened with metallic pegs. The lid is an en&c.; and obtained a beautiful series of tire slab of micaceous mineral, and the vesactinia, shewing the gradual transition in- sel is of calcareous sand-stone. This is the to the animal madrepore.
His attention second of the kind which has been discoverwas also directed to the different vermes ed ; and they differ from those usually dug that occur, as well in the interior as on the up, which are composed of baked clay; it exterior of fishes.
is concluded that they contain the remains Stone Sarcophagus.-A stone sarcopha- of eminent personages. gus has been forwarded to the Asiatic
WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.
with the Variorum Notes appended. To
be entitled, the Regent's Edition ; to be The Fourth and Last Canto of Childe printed and edited by A. J. Valpy, M.A. Harold has been received from Lord Byron, Tate Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford. and will certainly be published on the 28th -The whole will be printed uniformly in of April. It forms, with the notes, an oc- octavo, price 18s. boards, each part, to subtavo volume.
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Some copies will be struck off on very fine The Rev. Thomas Hodgson, the trans- thick royal paper, with a large margin, and lator of Juvenal, &c. has in the press a hotpressed : price, to subscribers, £1, 16s. ; Poem, entitled The Friends, which will be to non-subscribers, £2, 2s. each part. The published in a few days.
price will be raised higher to non-subscribThe First Number of Mr Hakewill's Pic- ers as the work advances. The whole will turesque Tour of Italy, illustrative of, with make about 120 or 130 parts, and 12 parts references to, the text of Addison, Eustace, will be printed in the year. Each part to and Forsyth's Travels, will be published on be paid for on delivery. the 1st of May. The plates are engraving Mr T. Yeates will shortly publish, Inin the most finished manner, by Cooke, dian Church History, or Notices relative to Pye, Scott, Fitler, Meddiman and Land- the first Planting of the Gospel in Syria, seir. It is printing in the same size as Mesopotamia, and India ; compiled chiefly Cooke and Turner's Views of the Southern from the Syrian Chronicles : with an accu. Coast.
rate account of the first Christian missions A very curious and interesting MS. of to China ; and some interesting facts, the celebrated Dr King of St Mary's, Ox- hitherto unknown to the historians of Euford, has lately been discovered, containing rope. Anecdotes and Reminiscences of his Own Mr John Fry, of Bristol, has issued pro. Times, and will be published immediately. posals for publishing, by subscription,
The author of Curiosities of Literature two quarto volumes, Bibliophilia; which has nearly ready for publication a work on will contain-1. An account of those pubthe Literary Character, illustrated by the lications of earliest English printers, which History of Men of Genius drawn from their have either escaped the knowledge of biblioown feelings and confessions.
graphers, or have been inaccurately describMr Macdonald Kinnier's Journey through ed.--2. An account of scarce and curious Asia Minor, Armenia, and Koordestan, will books printed, with a few exceptions, before be published in April.
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taining a full and correct account of the Mr Bisset, of the Historical Picture Gal. military occurrences of the late war between lery at Leamington, has announced for pubGreat Britain and the United States of Ame- lication a novel work, entitled, a Poetical rica; with an appendix of British and Ame- Gazetteer of all the principal Cities, Borrican official letters, and plates: by Wm qughs, and Seaports, in the United KingJarmies. Details will be given of all the ac- dom. tions fought between the British and Ame- An amatory mock-heroic poem, entitled, ricans during the late war ; also of those Secundus Syntax, will be forthcoming in operations along the coast, and on the bor- the course of the next month. It is, we ders of the lakes, creeks, and harbours of are informed, written with considerable hu. the United States, in which the two services acted conjointly.
Considerations on the Impolicy and PerThe publication of what the publishers nicious Tendency of the present Adminiscall “ the Regent's edition” of the Latin tration of the Poor Laws; with suggestions Classics, will henceforward be prosecuted for improving the condition of the poor ; with vigour, industry, and perseverance. by the Rev. Charles Jerram, M. A.; are in Livy and Sallust are now in the press, un- the press, and nearly ready for publication. der the editorial inspection of Dr J. Carey ; Juvenilia, or Specimens of the early Ef. to whom the public are already indebted forts, as a Preacher, of the late Rev. C. for the Horace, Catullus, Tibullus, Pro- Buck; to which will be subjoined, miscel. pertius, Martial, Cæsar, Tacitus, and the laneous remarks, and an obituary of his second edition of the Virgil, with the Opus. daughter, edited by J. Styles, D. D. are in cula, recently published.
a course of forwardness for publication. Dr Carey has also in the press the “ Eton Letters on the West Indies, by James Latin Prosody” illustrated, with English Walker, Esq. late of Berbice, will soon apexplanations of the rules, and copious ex- pear. amples from the Latin poets.
Sixty-five Sonnets, with prefatory ReMr S. F. Gray has in the press, and near. marks on the accordance of the Sonnet with ly ready, a work intended to serve as a sup- the powers of the English Language, and plement to the several Pharmacopæias. some miscellaneous poems, will soon be pub
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will shortly ap- gists Pocket Companion ; being an Intropear..
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A small pocket volume is about to be applicability is proved, by distinct sets of published, on the Police of the Metropolis, books for retailers, wholesale dealers, mandescriptive of the means used by knaves to ufacturers, merchants, and bankers; the take in and cheat the unwary, to rob the whole comprising a great diversity of the unprotected, and to make a prey of the un- forms and results of business, an improved suspecting ; including advice to the unwary, arrangement of partnership accounts, and a and the means of avoiding the villains which plan of routine which will prevent fraudu. prey upon society.
lent entries and erasures : comprised in one Mrs Lamont, of Liverpool, intends pub- volume. lishing, by subscription, Poems and Tales The Rev. C. I. Latrobe has in the press in Verse, in one volume octavo.
a Journal of a Visit to South Africa in 1816, MONTHLY LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
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EDINBURGH. coloured plates and a map.
T. Cobbell, Esq. is preparing for publi. cation a Treatise on the Law of Corpora- THE Rev. John Skinner of Forfar will tions, and on the Proceedings relative to soon publish, in an octavo volume, Annals their Ordinary Rights and Parliamentary of Scottish Episcopacy, from 1788 to 1816; Privileges.
with a biographical memoir of the late Mr Park of Hampstead will soon pub- Right Rev. John Skinner of Aberdeen. lish, Morning Thoughts and Midnight Mu- In a short time will be completed, at the sings, in prose and verse.
Edinburgh university press, a new edition F. L. Holt, Esq. has in the press a Trea- of Schleusner's Lexicon Novi Testamenti, tise on the Law of Merchant Ships and revised and corrected by several eminent Shipping, on the Navigation Laws, and on Scholars. This valuable work has hitherto Maritime Contracts.
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Mrs Yosy, author of a Description of of being increased, will be greatly reSwitzerland, has in the press, Constancy, or
duced. Leopold, in four or five volumes.
A Second Letter to the Court of ContriDr Wm Barrow, prebendary of South- butors of the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh; well, has two volumes of Sermons on Prac- containing remarks on the proceedings at the tical Subjects nearly ready for publication.' meeting held on the 30th March 1818.
The Rev. Thomas Bowdler.s Sermons on Canto I. of Temora ; an epic poem : be. the Offices and Character of Jesus Christ, ing a specimen of an intended versification will soon appear.
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Febrifuge Powers of Emetic Tartar, as The Rev. Dr Whittaker has a third edi. amply sufficient to supersede excessive bloodtion nearly ready of the History of Whal- letting in inflammation ; by William Balley, with corrections and considerable addi- four, M.D. bions.
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