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Apocrypbe. escaped naked; and Lysias himself fled away 28 If ye fare well, we have our desire ; shamefully, and so escaped.
we are also in good health. 13 Who, as he was a man of understand- 29 Menelaus declared unto us, that your ing, casting with himself what loss he had desire was to return home, and to follow had, and considering that the Hebrews could your own business : not be overcome, because the Almighty God 30 Wherefore they that will depart shall helped them, he sent unto them,
have safe conduct till the thirtieth day of 14 And persuaded them to agree to all | Xanthicus with security. reasonable conditions, and promised that he 31 And the Jews shall use their own kind would persuade the king that he must needs of meats and laws, as before ; and none of be a friend unto them.
them any manner of ways shall be molested 15 Then Maccabeus consented to all that for things ignorantly done. Lysias desired, being careful of the common 32 I have sent also Menelaus, that he may good ; and whatsoever Maccabeus wrote únto Lysias concerning the Jews, the king grant- 33 Fare ye well. In the hundred forty ed it.
and eighth year, and in the fifteenth day of 16 & For there were letters written unto the montb Xanthicus. the Jews from Lysias to this effect : Lysias 34 The Romans also sent unto them a letunto the people of the Jews sendet b greet- ter containing these words : Quintus Meming :
mius and Titus Manlius ambassadors of the 17 John and Absalom, who were sent || Romans, send greeting unto the people of the from you, delivered me the petition subscrib- || Jews. ed, and made request for the performance of 35 Whatsoever Lysias the king's cousin the contents thereof.
hath granted, therewith we also are well 18 Therefore what things soever were pleased. meet to be reported to the king, I have de- 36 But touching such things as he judged clared them, and he hath granted as much as to be referred to the king, after ye have ad might be.
vised thereof, send one forthwith, that we 19 If then ye will keep yourselves loyal to may declare as it is convenient for you : for the state, hereafter also will I endeavour to we are now going to Antioch. be a means of your good.
37 Therefore send some with speed, that 20 But of the particulars I have given or- we may know what is your mind. der both to these, and the others that came 38 farewell. This hundred and eight and from me, to commune with you.
fortieth year, the fifteenth day of tbe most 21 Fare ye well. The hundred and eight Xanthicus. and forlieth year, the four and twentieth day
CHAP. XII. of tbe month Dioscorinthius.
1 The king's lieutenants vex the Jews. 22 Tis. 22 Now the king's letter contained these
otheus' armies overtbrown.
HEN these , sias sendetb greeting :
23 Since our father is translated unto the were about their husbandry. gods, our will is, that they that are in our 2 But of the governors of several places, realm live quietly, that every one may at
Timotheus, and Apollonius the son of Gendend upon his own affairs.
neus, also Hieronymus, and Demophon, and 24 We understand also that the Jews | beside them Nicanor the governor of Cyprus, would not consent to our father, for to be would not suffer them to be quiet, and live brought unto the custom of the Gentiles, but in peace. had rather keep their own manner of living : 3 The men of Joppe also did such an for the which cause they require of us, that ungodly deed: they prayed the Jews that we should suffer them to live after their own dwelt among them to go with their wives and laws.
children into the boats which they had pre25 Wherefore our mind is, that this nation pared, as though they had meant them no shall be in rest, and we have determined to re- burt. store them their temple, that they may live 4 Who accepted of it according to the according to the customs of their forefathers. common decree of the city, as being desir.
26 Thou shall do well therefore to send ous to live in peace, and suspecting nothunto them, and grant them peace, that when | ing : but when they were gone forth into they are certified of our mind, they may be the deep, they drowned no less than two of good comfort, and ever go cheerfully hundred of them. about their own affairs.
5 When Judas heard of this cruelty done 27 And the letter of the king unto the na- unto his countrymen, he commanded those tion of the Jews was after this manner : King that were with him to make them ready. Antiochus sendeth greeting unto the council, 6 And calling upon God the righteous and the rest of the Jews :
Judge, he came against those murderers of
words : King Antiochus unto his brother Ly- | Wales were unto the king, and the Jews
Apocrypha. . his brethren, and burnt the haven by night, 1l bands, and set them over the bands, and and set the boats on fire, and those that fled went against Timotheus, who had about him thither he slew.
an hundred and twenty thousand men of 7 And when the town was shut up, he foot, and two thousand and five hundred went backward, as if he would return to horsemen. root out all them of the city of Joppe.
21 Now when Timotheus had knowledge 8 But when he heard that the Jamnites of Judas' coming, he sent the women and were minded to do in like manner unto the children and the other baggage unto a forJews that dwelt among them,
tress called Carnion : for the town was hard 9 He came upon the Jamnites also by to besiege, and uneasy to come unto, by reanight, and set fire on the haven and the na- son of the straitness of all the places : vy, so that the light of the fire was seen 22 ( But when Judas his first band came ai Jerusalem two hundred and forty fur- in sight, the enemies, being smitten with fear longs off.
and terror through the appearing of him 10 Now when they were gone from thence that seeth all things, fled amain, one runnine furlongs in their journey toward Timo- ning this way, another that way, so as that theus, no fewer than five thousand men on foot they were often hurt of their own men, and and five hundred horsemen of the Arabians wounded with the points of their own swords. set upon him.
23 Judas also was very earnest in pursu11 Whereupon there was a very sore bat- | ing them, killing those wicked wretches, of tle ; But Judas' side, by the help of God, gat whom he slew about thirty thousand men. the victory ; so that the Nomades of Arabia, 24 Moreover Timotheus himself fell into being overcome, besought Judas for peace, the hands of Dositheus and Sosipater, whom promising both to give him cattle, and to he besought with much craft to let him go pleasure him otherwise.
with his life, because he had many of the 12 Then Judas, thinking indeed that they || Jews parents, and the brethren of some of would be profitable in many things, granted them, who, if they had put him to death, them peace : whereupon they shook hands, should not be regarded. and so they departed to their tents.
25 So when he had assured them with 13 He went also about to make a bridge | many words that he would restore them withto a certain strong city, which was fenced out hurt, according to the agreement, they about with walls, and inhabited by people let him go for the saving of their brethren. of divers countries ; and the name of it was 26 Then Maccabeus marched forth to Caspis.
Carnion, and to the temple of Atargatis, and 14 But they that were within it put such there he slew five and twenty thousand pertrust in the strength of the walls and provision of victuals, that they behaved them- 27 And after he had put to fight and deselves rudely toward them that were with stroyed them, Judas removed the host toJudas, railing and blaspheming, and uttering ward Ephron, a strong city, wherein Lysias such words as were not to be spoken. abode, and a great multitude of divers nations,
15 Wherefore Judas with his company, | and the strong young men kept the walls, calling upon the great Lord of the world, and defended them mightily : wherein also who without any rams or engines of war did was great provision of engines and darts. cast down Jericho in the time of Joshua, 28. But when Judas and his company had gave a fierce assault against the walls, called upon Almighty God, who with his
16 And took the city by the will of God, power breaketh the strength of his enemies, and made unspeakable slaughters, insomuch | they won the city, and slew twenty and five that a lake two furlongs broad near adjoining thousand of them that were within. thereunto, being filled full, was seen running 29 From thence they departed to Scythopwith blood.
olis, which lieth six hundred furlongs from 17 Then departed they from thence sev- Jerusalem. en hundred and fifty furlongs, and came to 30 But when the Jews that dwelt there Characa unto the Jews that are called Tu-had testified that the Scythopolitans dealt bieni.
lovingly with them, andeentreated them kind18 But as for Timotheus, they found him || ly in the time of their adversity : not in the places : for before he had disa 31 They gave them thanks, desiring them patched any thing, he departed from thence, to be friendly still unto them: and so they having left a very strong garrison in a cer. came to Jerusalem, the feast of the weeks aptain hold.
proaching 19 Howbeit, Dositheus and Sosipater, who 32 And after the feast called Pentecost, were of Maccabeus' captains, went forth, they went forth against Gorgias the governor and slew those that Timotheus had left in the l of Idumea, fortress, above ten thousand men.
33 Who came out with three thousand 20 And Maccabeus ranged his army by men of foot, and four hundred horsemen,
Apocrypbe. 34 And it happened, in their fighting to- N the hundred forty and ninth year it was gether, a few of the Jews were slain.
35 At which time, Dositheus, one of Ba- coming with a great power into Judea, cenor's company, who was on horseback, and 2 And with him Lysias his protector, and a strong man, was still upon Gorgias, and ruler of his affairs, having either of them a taking hold of his coat drew him by force ; || Grecian power of footmen an hundred and and when he would have taken that cursed ten thousand, and horsemen five thousand man alive, a horseman of Thracia coming | and three hundred, and elephants two and upon him smote off his shoulder, so that Goro | twenty, and three hundred chariots armed gias fled unto Marisa.
with hooks. 36 Now when they that were with Gor- 3 Menelaus also joined himself with them, gias had fought long, and were weary, Judas | and with great dissimulation encouraged Ancalled upon the Lord, that he would shew tiochus, not for the safeguard of the country, himself to be their helper and leader of the but because he thought to have been made battle.
governor. 37 And with that he began in his own 4 But the King of kings moved Antiolanguage, and sung psalms with a loud voice, chus' mind against this wicked wretch, and and rushing unawares upon Gorgias' men, he Lysias informed the king that this man was put them to flight.
the cause of all mischief, so that the king 38 So Judas gathered his host, and came commanded to bring him unto Berea, and to into the city Odollam. And when the seventh || put him to death, as the manner is in that day came, they purified themselves, as the place. custom was, and kept the sabbath in the 5 Now there was in that place a tower of same place.
fifty cubits high, full of ashes, and it had a 39 And upon the day following, as the use round instrument, which on every side hang. had been, Judas and his company came to ed down into the ashes. take up the bodies of them that were slain, 6 And whosoever was condemned of sacand to bury them with their kinsmen in their rilege, or had committed any other grievous fathers' graves.
crime, there did all men thrust him unto 40 Now under the coats of every one that | death. was slain they found things consécrated to 7 Such a death it happened that wicked the idols of the Jamnites, which is forbidden man to die, not having so much as burial in the Jews by the law. Then every man saw the earth; and that most justly : that this was the cause wherefore they were 8 For insomuch as he had committed slain.
many sins about the altar, whose fire and 41 All men therefore praising the Lord ashes were holy, he received his death in the righteous Judge, who had opened the ashes. things that were hid,
9 Now the king came with a barbarous 42 Betook themselves unto prayer, and and haughty mind to do far worse to the besought him that the sin committed might || Jews, than had been done in his father's wholly be put out of remembrance. Be- || time. sides, that noble Judas exhorted the people 10 Which things when Judas perceived, to keep themselves from sin, forsomuch as he commanded the multitude to call upon they saw before their eyes the things that the Lord night and day, that if ever at came to pass for the sins of those that were any other time, he would now also help slain.
them, being at the point to be put from their 43 And when he had made a gathering | law, from their country, and from the holy throughout the company to the sum of two temple: thousand drachms of silver, he sent it to Je. ii And that he would not suffer the peorusalem to offer a sin offering, doing therein ple, that had even now been but a little revery well and honestly, in that he was mind- freshed, to be in subjection to the blaspheful of the resurrection :
mous nations. 44 For if he had not hoped that they that 12 So when they had all done this togethwere slain should have risen again, it had er, and besought the merciful Lord with been superfluous and vain to pray for the weeping and fasting, and lying flat upon the dead.
ground three days long, Jud.as, having ex45 And also in that he perceived that there horted them, commanded they should be in a was great favour laid up for those that died readiness. godly. (it was an holy and good thought.) 13 And Judas, being apart with the elders, Whereupon he made a reconciliation for the determined, before the king's host should endead, that they might be delivered from sin. ter into Judea, and get the city, to go forth CHAP. XIII.
and try the matter in fight by the help of the ! Eupator invadelb Fudca : 18 bis purpose is Lord.
defeated : 23 be maketh peace with Judas. 14 So when he had committed all to the
Apocrypha. . Creator of the world, and exhorted his sol- | priest, and had defiled himself wilfully in the diers to fight manfully, even unto death, for times of their mingling with the Gentiles, seethe laws, the temple, the city, the country, ling that by no means he could save himself, and the commonwealth, he camped by Mo- nor have any more access to the holy aldin :
tar, 15 And having given the watch word to 4 Came to king Demetrius in the hunthem that were about him, Victory is of dred and one and fiftieth year, presenting God; with the most valiant and choice unto him a crown of gold, and a palm, and young men, he went into the king's tent || also of the boughs which were used solemnby night, and slew in the camp about fourly in the temple : and so that day he held thousand men, and the chiefest of the ele- || his peace. phants, with all that were upon him.
5 Howbeit, having gotten opportunity to 16 And at last they filled the camp with || further his foolish enterprize, and being callfear and tumult, and departed with good | ed into council by Demetrius, and asked
how the Jews stood affected, and what they 17 This was done in the break of the day, intended, he answered thereunto: because the protection of the Lord did help 6 & Those of the Jews that be called Assihim.
deans, whose captain is Judas Maccabeus, 18 Now when the king had taken a nourish war, and are seditious, and will not taste of the manliness of the Jews, he went let the realm be in peace. about to take the holds by policy,
7 Therefore I, being deprived of mine an19 And marched toward Bethsura, which cestors honour, I mean the high priesthood, was a strong hold of the Jews : but he was am now come hither : put to flight, failed, and lost of his men : 8 First, verily for the unfeigned care I
20 Fer Judas had conveyed unto them have of things pertaining to the king ; and that were in it such things as were neces- | secondly, even for that I intend the good of sary
mine own countrymen : for all our nation is 21 But Rhodocus, who was in the Jews in no small misery through the unadvised host, disclosed the secrets to the enemies ; || dealing of them aforesaid. therefore he was sought out, and when they 9 Wherefore, O king, seeing thou knowhad gotten him, they put him in prison. est all these things, be careful for the coun
22 The king treated with thein in Beth- try, and our nation, which is pressed on evsura the second time, gave his hand, took | ery side, according to the clemency that thou theirs, departed, fought with Judas, was readily shewest unto all. overcome;
10 For as long as Judas liveth, it is not 23 | Heard that Philip, who was left possible that the state should be quiet. over the affairs in Antioch, was desperately 11 This was no sooner spoken of him, bent, confounded, entreated the Jews, sub- | but others of the king's friends, being malimitted himself, and sware to all equal condi- ciously set against Judas, did more incense tions, agreed with them, and offered sacri- | Demetrius. fice, honoured the temple, and dealt kindly 12 And forthwith calling Nicanor, who with the place,
had been master of the elephants, and mak24 And accepted well of Maccabeus, made ing him governor over Judea, he sent him him principal governor from Ptolemais unto forth, the Gerrhenians;
13 Commanding him to slay Judas, and 25 Came to Ptolemais : the people there to scatter them that were with him, and to were grieved for the covenants ; for they make Alcimus high priest of the great temstormed because they would make their cov- ple. enants void :
14 Then the heathen, that had fled out 26 Lysias went up to the judgment seat, of Judea from Judas, came to Nicanor by said as much as could be in defence of the flocks, thinking the harm and calamities of cause, persuaded, pacified, made them well the Jews to be their welfare. affected, returned to Antioch. Thus it went 15 Now when the Jews heard of Nicatouching the king's coming and departing. nor's coming, and that the heathen were up CHAP. XIV.
against them, they cast earth upon their 6 Alcimus accuseth Judas : 18 Nicanor maketh heads, and made supplication to him that had peace with bim.
46 Razis killetb bimself. established his people for ever, and who alA tha Demetriosis the son of Seleucus; of his presence.
FTER three years was Judas informed, ways helpeth his portion with manifestation having entered by the haven of Tripolis with 16 So at the commandment of the captain a great power and navy,
they removed straightways from thence, and 2 Had taken the country, and killed An- came pear unto them at the town of Dessau. ciochus, and Lysias his protector.
17 Now Simnon, Judas' brother, had join3 Now one Alcimus, who had been highed battle with Nicanor, but was somewhat
Apocryple. discomfited through the sudden silence of 32 And when they sware that they could his enemies.
not tell where the man was whom he sought, 18 | Nevertheless Nicanor, hearing of the 33 He stretched out his right hand tomanliness of them that were with Judas, and ward the temple, and made an oath in this the courageousness that they had to fight for manner: If ye will not deliver me Judas as their country, durst not try the matter by a prisoner, I will lay this temple of God the sword.
even with the ground, and I will break down 19 Wherefore he sent Posidonius, and the altar, and erect a notable temple unto Theodotus, and Mattathias, to make peace. | Bacchus.
20 So when they had taken long advise- 34 After these words he departed. Then ment thereupon, and the captain had made the priests lifted up their hands toward the multitude acquainted therewith, and it heaven, and besought him that was appeared that they were all of one mind, a defender of their nation, saying in this they consented to the covenants,
manner; 21 And appointed a day to meet in to- 35 Thou, O Lord of all things, who hast gether by themselves : and when the day need of nothing, wast pleased that the temcame, and stools were set for either of them, ple of thine habitation should be among us:
22 Judas placed armed men ready in con- 36 Therefore now, O holy Lord of all venient places, lest some treachery should be holiness, keep this house ever undefiled, suddenly practised by the enemies : so they | which lately was cleansed, and stop every made a peaceable conference.
unrighteous mouth. 23 Now Nicanor abode in Jerusalem, and 37 Now was there accused unto Nicanor did no hurt, but sent away the people that one Razis, one of the elders of Jerusalem, a came flocking unto him.
lover of his countrymen, and a man of very 24 And he would not willingly have Ju- good report, who for his kindness was called das out of his sight : for he loved the man a father of the Jews. from his heart.
38 For in the former times, when they 25 He prayed him also to take a wife, and mingled not themselves with the Gentiles, to beget children : so he married, was quiet, || he had been accused of Judaism, and did and took part of this life.
boldly jeopard his body and life with all 26 But Alcimus, perceiving the love that | vehemency for the religion of the Jews. was betwixt them, and considering the cov- 39 So Nicanor, willing to declare the enants that were made, came to Demetrius, || hate that he bare unto the Jews, sent above and told him that Nicanor was not well af- || five hundred men of war to take him : fected toward the state ; for that he had or- 40 For he thought by taking him to do dained Judas, a traitor to his realm, to be the Jews much hurt. the king's successor.
41 Now when the multitude would have 27 Then the king being in a rage, and taken the tower, and violently broken into provoked with the accusations of the most the outer door, and bade that fire should be wicked man, wrote to Nicanor, signifying | brought to burn it, he being ready to be that he was much displeased with the cove taken on every side, fell upon his sword; nants, and commanding him that he should 42 Choosing rather to die manfully, than send Maccabeus prisoner in all haste unto to come into the hands of the wicked, to be Antioch
abused otherwise than beseemed his noble 28 When this came to Nicanor's hearing, birth: he was much confounded in himself, and 43 But missing his stroke through haste, rook it grievously that he should make void | the multitude also rushing within the doors, the articles which were agreed upon, the he ran boldly up to the wall, and cast himman being in no fault.
self down manfully among the thickest of 29 But because there was no dealing a- them. gainst the king, he watched his time to ac- 44 But they quickly giving back, and a complish this thing by policy.
space being made, he fell down into the midst 30 Notwithstanding, when Maccabeus of the void place. saw that Nicanor began to be churlish unto 45 Nevertheless, while there was yet him, and that he entreated him more roughly || breath within him, being inflamed with anthan he was wont, perceiving that such sour ger, he rose up; and though his blood gushbehaviour came not of good, he gathered led out like spouts of water, and his wounds together not a few of his men, and withdrew were grievous, yet he ran through the midst himself from Nicanor.
of the throng; and standing upon a steep 31 But the other, knowing that he was rock, notably prevented by Judas' policy, came 46 When as his blood was now quite into the great and holy temple, and com- gone, he plucked out his bowels, and taking manded the priests, that were offering their them in both his hands, he cast them upon usual sacrifices, to deliver him the man. the throng, and calling upon the Lord of