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OVERTURES FOR PEACE.
If this statement be correct, the an, A circumstance of an interesting na. swer that will be returned by his Majesture has occurred since our last publica. ty's Ministers to such a communication tion. On Thursday night, October 20. is obvious. The epithet applied by the though it blew a gale of wind, a flag of enemy to the kind of peace which they truce left Boulogne, with French and are desirous of negociating, shews us at Russian messengers on board, with dis- once that they do not admit our interpatches for the British Government, ference in the affairs of the Continent, who were directed to make all possible His Majesty's Ministers, we should conspeed to Deal or Dover. At cight o'. jecture, would reply to M. de Chamclock on Friday morning the flag of pagny and M. Romanzow, that his Bri. truce arrived in the Downs, and was tanníc Majesty was animated by the de. immediately boarded by one of our crui. sire which he had always expressed, sers, who took out the messengers. The and which was well known to all Eu. French messenger was not permitted to rope, to put an end to the calamities of come to London, but was sent on board war, whenever he could do so consisa ship of war till the pleasure of his tently with the security of his domi. Majesty's Ministers be known. The , nions, the honour of his Crown, and the Russian messenger, as soon as he reach- good faith he owed to his allies--that ed the shore, was sent off for London, he was ready to enter into a negociation accompanied by one of Admiral Camp. in concert with those allies, and that bell's Lieutenants. They arrived at Mr he would immediately communicate Canning's office about eleven o'clock the overture that had been made to on Friday night, where they delivered them. their dispatches, and went to the house The more we reflect upon the over. of Mr Shaw the messenger, where they ture from Erfurth, the more are we conlodged all night. Next morning a pass- vinced that it has a double object in port was sent from the Foreign Office view :--First, to attempt to produce a for the Russian messenger, who return- coolness between the Spaniards and this ed to Duver immediately, and embark. country, as if we meant to enter into a ing on board the fag of truce, proceeded negociation for peace without including to France.
them, and adly, to alarm and paralyse Nothing certain has yet transpired, Austria. These two objects were, if either with respect to these dispaiches, not the sole, the principal motives of or the reply returned by our Govern: the imperial journey to Erfurth. ment. The former are said to be very It is the ordinary policy of Napoleon, short-that they consist of two letters before he comes forward personally to dated from Erfurth, and addressed by direct the horrors of war, to make some M. de Champagny, the French Minis. previous and fraudulent offers of a treater for Foreign Affairs, and M. de Ro. ty; to endeavour to win upon the pub. manzow, the Russian Minister, to his lic feeling by a dissembled show of hu. Excellency George Canning, Esq.- manity, and to have the appearance of that the two letters are in substance the offering a choice of the olive or the same, stating that his Majesty the Em. sword. Ministers have doubtless been peror of all the Russias, and his Majesty on their guard against a trick so stale the Emperor of the French, being equal. and superficial, ly animated with a desire to put an ead Mr Shaw the messenger was dispatchto the calamities of war, he (the Minis. ed on Friday Oct. 28. with the anter for Foreign Affairs) has it in com. swer of the British Court to the above mand from his Majesty to request his overtures. He reached Paris on Monday Excellency to communicate to his Bri- morning the 31st, and delivered his distaanic Majesty that desire ; and if his patches, one packet to M. Champagny, Britannic Majesty be influenced by a si. the French Minister for Foreign Affairs, milar desire, to propose that Plenipoten. and another to the Russian Ambassatiaries shall be immediately named, to dor. He was detained in Paris, till the proceed to place that may be fixed carly part of Tuesday afternoon, when, upon, to open a negociation with the having received answers, addressed to Plenipotentiaries of bis Imperial Majesty Mr Secretary Canning, from both of the or the conclusion of a maritime peace. above Ministers, he proceeded on his
journey for Boulogne, and arrived in The writer was stationed at the lower London on the 4th of Nov.
gun-deck, 10 band up powder from the Mr Shaw was received with great sa. magazine, His situation was perilous, tisfaction at all the places through which and his escape very provideņıial. The he passed, and treated with much civili, grape-shot was like showers of stores ty and attention at Paris. During the or dust thrown into the ship by shovels; short time he remained there, he was a screen which was thrown around bin suffered to go abroad, in company with to prevent fire from the flashes of the the French messenger who lately came guns communicating to the powder, was to England.
knocked to pieces by, splinters; a car. It appears that Bonaparte did not tridge of 4 lib. of powder, which he held wait for the arrivıl of our messenger. up over his head, blew up, without hurt. He left Rambou.llet on the 30th, the ing him; the mau to whom he was bandday before Mr Shaw reached Paris; nor ing it was severely wounded. Twu iron could any communication have been stauncheons, 6 or 7 inches in diameter. made to him between the period of the were shot through and broken to pieces. messenger's arrival and his departure. The enemy had, in the mean time, been We all know the speed with which he gradually moving off, and at half past travels, and having left Rambouillet for seven, those that remained began to pull Bayonne on Sunday, there was not time away, and night finished the business. to send a messenger to him after Mr The Africa's colours were twice shot Shaw's arrival on Monday morning, away; the enemy supposing she had and to receive his commands before Mr struck, huzzaed and pulled nearer, but Shaw left Paris on Tuesday afternoon. soon drew back. The Africa had seIt is probable, therefore, that Bonaparte ven killed, and a great number (about had arranged with his minister the re. SO) wounded, many of them badly. ply which should be returned to this Three officers are wounded. The Danes country, provided we declined entere suffered extremely by our fre; several taining the propositions he submitted to boats were sunk, and they were seen
picking up the men out of the water. NAVAL INTELLIGENCE.
Some boats had not more than five men
left in them. By their own accounts, The Africa of 64 guns, Capt. Bar. indeed, their loss of men was very conret, has had a most severe action in the siderable. All whose Lodies were got Baltic with a fleet of Danish gun boats, ashore were buried at Drago with great while proiecting a large convoy of pomp; and they have gained little by merchantmen from Carlscrona. What the attempt; the Africa is indeed dread. follows is extracted from the letter of a fully mauled, but she was before an old seaman, of Oct. 24. who has given a very crazy ship. She has returned to Cartsminute account of the action:
crona for repairs, Captain Barret walk“ The convoy, consisting of about ed the deck all the time of the action, 200 sail, got all safe into Malmoe, ex- as cool and composed as if nothing was cept one taken, and three onshore, which doing.' He gave up bosh bis cabins to were burnt by our people, to prevent the wounded, and the officers gave up them falling into the hands of the Danes, theircots. The Swedish gun boats made, The Africa had kept between the cop a little stir in this busiuess, but retura, voy and the Danes. It fell quite calm," ed to port as soon as they found the conand so large a ship was of course quite · voy safe." unmanageable, and lay like a log on the The following account of the very water, (this was at nine o'clock on the gallant conduct of two of our cruizers soth), when 32 Danish gun-boats, car- in the Adriatic has been published in rying about 920 men, and 128 guns the Trieste, Vienna, and many of the (32's and 42's) came nowing towards' German papers : the ship. At half past two they came “ Towards the close of the month of within gun-shot, when the Africa open. May, Capt. Dandolo, a Venetiap neble, ed a brisk fire from as many guns as she descended from the conqueror of Concould bring to bear, and they continued stantinople, sailed from Corfu with the advancing courageously, and stationed brig Jena and two large schooners, themselves on the quarters and bons, which had been fitted out there for the
porpose of taking the Melpomene En- all sail in chase of the brigs, the head> glish frigate, which blockaded the island, most of which tacked and passed to Capt. Dindola had not been 12 hours Rindward, about 2 guns-sbot distance. at sea, then he descried the English Tlie remaining brig hoisted French.co. pendant, and observing that the British lours, was soon brought within pistolcommander (Capi. Parker) did not run shot, and after an action of 20 minutes away, be prudently thought it high time struck. Her second lieutenant, a midhe should do so, the wind, however, shipman, and five men, were killed in became unfavourable for his return to the action, and two midshipmen and Corfu, but he put into Paro, a small three seamen severely wounded. The island about 10 leagues from Corfu; the Comet had not a man hurt. The Sylphe Melpomene followed, and threatened to is a very fine vessel, 300 tons burthen, destroy both the vessels and the town, copper-bottomed and fastened, an ex.. if they did not: surrender immediately i cellent sailer, and fit fur his Majesty's at length a capitulation was concluded, by which the three ships were delivere
CONVENTION OF CINTRĂ. ed up, but the crews were not detained as prisoners.
We nentioned in our last, that this.About the same time, another espe. measure had met with very general redition sailed from Zara to take Capt. probation. Among the public bodies Campbell, of the Unite, who like the who have been the loudest in expressing celebrated French chevalier Forbin, in their dissatisfaction, the Common Counformer times, has become the terror of cil of the city of London have taken the the Adriatic. This force consisted of lead. On the 5th October, at a very full two large brigs and a schooner: they meeting of the Council, an address and thought, that from the number of prizes petition to the King, was voted. It was the frigate had sent to Malta, she could presented on the izih by the Lord Maynot be half manned. After a short cruize or, aitended by a number of the Alderin quest of her, they fell in with her off men, the Sheriffs, and Common Counthe island of Melado. The Commodore cilmen. The petition is couched in immediately began firing, but the fria strong terms, and is as follows: gate retained her fire until she ranged "Most gracious Sovereign-We, your alongside within pistol shot, when she Majesty's most dutiful and loyal sub. poured in so destructive a fire, that the jects, the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and brig struck. The other brig attempted Commons of the City of London, in to escape, and ran on a small island, Common Council assembled, most buina: when about half her crew landed by leap. bly approach your Majesty with renewing from her bowsprit ; but the rest with ed assurances of attachment to your Ma. her Captain (Duodo), were made pri- jesty's most sacred person and Governsoners. The schooner escaped to An- ment, and veneration for the free prin
ciples of the British Constitution, to ex. The Comet sloop, Capt. Daly, has ta press to your Majesty our grief and asken the Sylphe French national brig, tonishment at the extraordinary and (commanded by M. L. Maria Clement, disgraceful convention lately entered capitaine de frigat, and a member of the into by the Commander of your Majes. legion of honour) mounting sixteen 26 ty's Forces in Portugal, and the Compound carronades and two long nines, mander of the French army in Lisbon. ' with 98 men. When first seen by the The circumstances attending this afflicComet, she was in company with ano. ting event cannot be .contemplated in ther brig of the same force, and a cor British minds without the most painful vette. In the face of so superior a force, emotions ; and all ranks of your Majes. Capt. D. thought it most prudent to con- ty's subjects seem to have felt the ut. tinue his course under all sail, as by al. most concern and indignation at a trea. tering it they might be inclined to chase ty so humiliating and degrading to this him. This so far intimidated them, that country and its allies. After a signal they tacked and made all sail from the victory, gained by the valour and dis. Comet, and the corvette having much cipline of British troops, by which the outsailed her consorts, tacked and stood enemy appears to have been cut off from to the southward.' Capt. D. then made all means of succons or escape, we have
the sad mortification of seeing the laurels institute inquiries on occasions in which so nobly acquired forn from the brows the character of the country, or the hoof our brave soldiers, and terms grant. tour of my arms, is concerned ; and that ed to the enemy disgracefui to the Bris the interposition of the City of London tish name, and injurious to the best in- could not be necessary for inducing me terests of the British nation. Besides to direct an inquiry to be made into a the restitution of the Russian fleet upon transaction which has disappointed the a definitive treaty of peace with that hopes and expectations of the nation." power, and the sending back to their His Majesty's answer (which was read country, without exchange, so large a by Lord Hawkesbury) has given great number of Russian sailors, by this igno. offence to the citizens of London, who minious convention, British fleets are to at another meeting of the Common convey to France the French army and Council, on the 27th October, passed its plunder, where they will be at liber- some strong resolutions; expressing their ty immediately to recommence their ac- right on all occasions when they think uive operations against us or our allies. proper to address the throne,-their conThe guarantee and safe conveyance of cern that they should have met with re. tbeir plunder cannot but prove highly prehension in exercising this undoubted irritating to the pillaged inhabitants, o. right,--and “ that whoever advised his ver whom they have tyrannized, and Majesty to put so unfavourable and unfor whose deliverance and protection warraniabie a construction on their late the British army was sent, and the full petition, has abused the confidence of recognition of the title and dignity of his Sovereign, and is equally an enemy Emperor of France, while all mention to his Majesty and the just rights of his of the Government of Portugal is omit- peopic." ted, must be considered as highly dis
DREADFUL FIRE IN LONDON. respec:ful to the legitimate authority of that country. We, therefore, humbly On Tuesday morning September 20. psay your Majesiy, in justice to the happened one of the most dreadful fires outraged feelings of a trave, injured, that has for many years past afflicted and indignant people, whose blood and this great metropolis, and by which that treasure have been thus expended, as vast and superb edifice, Covent Garden well as to retrieve the wounded honour Theatre, was reduced to a heap of ashest of their country, and to remove from with a number of houses in its vicinity! its character so foul a stain in the eyes How the fire originated is unknown, as of Europe, that your Majesty will be the housekeeper saw all safe, as he graciously pleased immediately to insti• thought, after the performance of the fute such an inquiry into this dishonour. preceding evening. The flames were able and unprecedented transaction, as
first discovered about four o'clock in will lead to the discovery and punish- the morning, and had then acquired too ment of those, by whose misconduct and great a force to be stopped by the fre incapacity the cause of the country and engines, which soon arrived in great its allies has been so shamefully sacrifi. numbers. About seven o'clock, the fal. ced. We beg to assure your Majesty ling in of the roof with a dreadful crash of our onalterable fidelity and earnest announced the destruction of the inte desire to co-operate in every measure rior of the building. The engines conconducive to the peace, honour, and see tinued to play with unceasing activity curity of your Majesty's dominions.” upon the ruins, in order to save as much
The King's Answer." I am fully as possible of the surroundiug buildings, sensible of your loyalty and attachment and unfortunately some of the firemen, to my person and Government. I give with their characteristic intrepidity, credit to the motives which have dic. pushed an engine into one of the pasrated your petition and address, but I sages, when the archway above fell in, must remind you, that it is inconsistent and buried above 16 ‘of them in the with the principles of British justice to ruins. Several others were killed by the pronounce judgment without previous falling ruins, and several volunteers who investigation. I should bave hoped that attended were scalded or scorched to recent occurrences would have convin- death. Many dead bodies were dug out ccd you that I am at all times ready to of the ruins, and many others carried
off to the nearest hospitals, dreadfully the mess, except Major C. Capt. B. witness, scorched and mangled. The Coroners' and Lieut. Hall
. A conversation then comInquest was held on nineteen of the bo. menced by Major C. stating, that Gen. Ker dies. The number of dead is supposed
corrected him that day about a particular to exceed 20, and a great number wound mode of giving a word of command, when ed, the recovery of many of whom is rioned how he gave it
, and how the Gene
he conceived he gave it right; he mendoubtful. The number of houses burnt tal corrected him. Capt. Boyd remarked, down, chiefly in Bow-street, is about “ Neither was correct, according to Dun12, and several others are irreparably in- das, which is the King's order." (This objured. Several fatal accidents happen. servation, witness stated, was made in the ed in them and in the streets, occasion- usual mode of conversation.)-Major C. ed by the infamous activity of swarms said," it might not be according to the of pick-pockets. Nothing belonging to King's order, but still he conceived it was the Theatre is saved, excepting a few
not incorrect." Capt. B. still insisted," it damaged scenes and the account books.
was not correct, according to the King's or-The loss is estimated at upwards of der."-They argued this some tirtie, till L. 150,000. 'Only L. 50,000 was in: Capt. B. said, “ Ře knew it as well as any sured. The performers have lost all their much.” Capt. Boyd ar length said he
man;" Major C. replied," he doubted that wardrobes and valuables, and, accord. knew it better than him, let him take thac ing to the usage of the Theatre, their as he liked." Major Campbell then got salaries cease, until the performances up and said, “ Then, Captain Boyd, do you can be resumed ; upwards of. 200 orber say I am wrong?" Captain B. replied, " I persons employed about the Theatre, do-I know I am right according to the with their famílies, are thrown out of King's order.” Major C. then quitted the bread. The performances, however,
room. Captain B. remained after him for were resumed on Monday Oct. 3. in the
some tinie; he left the room before witness
or Lieut. Hall.-Witness and Hall went out Opera House, which Mr Taylor hand. somely offered; and Mr Sheridan, with together a short time after; they went to
a second mess room, and there Capr. Boyd like liberality, has made an offer of what,
came up and spoke to them. They then went cver onay be requisite from the wardrobes
out together, and witness left Captain Boyd and scenic repositories of Drury Lane. at Lieutenant Dewar's. In about twenty
Among the irreparable losses of pro. minutes after, he was called on to visit Capperty at the theatre are Handel's cele- tain Boyd; he went and found him sitting brated organ, valued at 1000 guiaeas, a a chair vomiting; he examined his bequest from him to the theatre, which wound, and conceived it a very dangerous was never beard but at the oratorios, one; a ball had penetrated at the extremity and much M.S. music of that great of the four false ribs, and lodged in the cacomposer, and of Dr Arne and others, vity of the belly; he survived it but eighwhich was never printed, and of which teen hours; he said with him till he died, there are no copies. Mr Ware lost a
during which time he got gradually worse
till bis dissolution. On his cross-examinaviolin worth 300l, it bad not been left a tion, he stated there was something irritanight in the theatre for two years be ting in Captain Boyd's manner of making fore,
the observation alluded co; so much so,
that he conceived Major Campbell could IRELAND
not, consistent with his feelings, pass it o. ver; but if a candid explanation had takex
place, he does not conceive the melancholy On the 4th of August last, at the Ar- affair would have occurred.' nagh assizes, Alexander Campbell, brevet Jobur Hoey stated, that he is mess-waiter Major in the army, and Caprain in the 21st of the 21st regiment, and was so then. He foot, was tried for the murder of Captain remembers the night this affair took place; Boyd, of the same regiment, by shooting koew Major Campbell and Captain Boyd ; him with a pistol bullet.
he saw Major C. that night in a room George Adams, surgeon in the 21st regis where he was washing glasses, Maj. Campment, stated that in June 1807 they were bell had quitted the mess-room about ten quartered in the barracks at Armagh. On or fifteen minutes; as Major C. was coming the 23d of said month, the regiment was up stairs, Captain Boyd was leaving the inspected by General Ker; after the inspec- niess-room, and they met on the stair-head; tion, the General' and officers dined toge. both went into the mess waiter's room, and ther; about eight o'clock all gbe oficers left there remained ten or fifteen minutes, when
TRIAL OT MAJOR CAMPBELL.