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20 equal height with the side buttres- exterior. I am bappy to hear that ses, with half pinnacles ornamented there are to be no galleriers; as these with crockets and finials. Betwixt are always hurtful to the
appearance these and the corner abutments is of any Gothic building or cathedral, placed, on each side, a Gothic win- and destroy the general effect of the dow, smaller than the rest, but simi- interior, by obstructing our view of larly disposed in its parts. Over this the fine Gothic windows at the side, projection rises the tower, with a fine and, by dividing the aisles, and there double imperial crown spire, which is by preventing us from seeing the whole to be bighly enriched with Gothic or
space at one view. naments. From the small plan of this *This Chapel, therefore, though not ebapel, which is prefixed to the Edin- large, is distinguished for its proporburgh Almanack, the spire appears to tions, lightness, and delicacy of exend very abruptly directly above the up- ecution, and decided Gothic characper imperialcrown. It would certainly ter. The canopies, and pedestals of add to the appearance of the whole, the niches, are richly embellished and produce a more striking effect, with sculpture, and finely executed. were the spire to rise to a considera- The tracery and ornaments are perble height above the upper crown, haps too minute and trifling, to be gradually tapering to a point. consistent with the nature and charac.
The eastern end of the Chapel, ter of a Gothic building, and the which looks down Princes Street, is mullions in the heads of the windows particularly fine, being embellished may be thought rather heavy. But, with a large Oriel window, nearly 30 taking it upon the whole, Bishop feet high, and corresponding in Sandford's Chapel must be allowed by breadth nearly to the space betwixt the all, to be the most chaste and elegant two inner walls. It has really a fine building of which Edinburgh can effect from Princes Street, being form boast ; and to reflect great credit on ed into several lights by mullions, the taste of the architect, as well as and decorated, in the upper part, those by whom the work is executed. with a Catherine wheel, or Marigold window, the cusps of which appear to 20th Dec. 1816.
M. T. . great advantage at a distance. The circle Oeil de Bæuf perhaps may be too large to correspond with the other ramifications in the top of the window. This window is surrounded, on Report of the EDINBURGH Institution each side, by an elegant buttress, for the Encouragement of Sacred ornamented in two different parts
Music. with small canopied niches and crocketed pianacles on top. Betwixt these; WE obtained a copy of this interest and the corners, are small windows of ing report, at a time when we equal dimensions, with those directly were almost closing our monthly la-opposite them in the front. The wall bours; we could not, however, forbear at both ends of the Chapel terminates from presenting our readers with the in a stone railing. The whole of this following summary of its contents. stately edifice is built of beautiful The report begins with some very white polished ashler, resembling judicious remarks on the little attenmarble, particularly during sun tion which has been paid to scientific shine.
music in this country, while on the The appearance of the interior, continent it has attained the highest will, I hope, correspond to that of the pitch of gravdeur and beauty.-
There, even the uneducated peasant- Those splendid performances, in which ry perform in parts; while, in our variety, richness, and elegance, were churches, nothing is heard but the so remarkably combined, filled the simple unison of the ait itself; in audience with emotions, which more si which simple style, too, a striking de- than probably bad never before been i ficiency is observable by a correct ear. excited in Scotland by the power of Yet sacred music was, at an early music. period, the object of great attention In our Number for January 1816 in Scotland. In the reign of James we gave a pretty full view of the es1. the organ was employed, and that tablishment of the “ Edinburgh Inaccomplished prince encouraged and stitution for the Encouragement of excelled in music, more, says Buchan- Sacred Music.” The Report now anan, “ than was expedient or seemly nounces the progress and final success for a king.” The Reformation gave of the measures employed for promotthe first check to the cultivation of ing that interesting object. sacred melody. Yet it does not The effect of the notice which had seem to have been the wish of its been issued to singers was extremely leaders that it should produce this ef- gratifying. On the night appointed fecto. In 1579, an act of parliament for receiving applications, the place was passed “for instruction of the youth of meeting was surrounded by a in the art of music and singing,” in crowd of young people, so great, that which it is exhorted, that a school it was with difficulty they got admisshould be set up in every parish.- sion. The mere recording of their This, however, did not produce the names and addresses occupied several desired effect; nor could it prevent successive nights, till 780 names had the art from sinking into its present been taken down, and intimations state of decay.
made, that no further applications On the 19th November 1755, a could be received. Amidst the eagerrepresentation was made to the Town ness to be enrolled which then apCouncil of Edinburgh "touching the peared, it was interesting to remark improvement of church music ;' and the mortification of some ambitious a grant was made of £.25 Sterling: little spirits expressing itself even by Mr Eornforth Gibson was elected tears, on their being informed that they precentor of the High Church, and were considered as unfit to be taught. appointed to teach one hour gratis Under the assiduous tuition of their every Monday, Tuesday, and Thurs- able master, the pupils of the insti. day, in the New Kirk aisle, the use tution soon obtained a proficiency of which for such a purpose is there- highly gratifying to the Directors. fore by no means an innovation. The It was such, that a rehearsal, with a High Church was thus provided with view to a public performance, took an excellent precentor, but no other place in the General Assembly Aisle, lasting effect seems to have followed.
on 5th April 1816; the use of the It was the musical festival of 1815 Aisle having been previously granted which gave a new turn, in this quar- to the institution by the proper auter, to the general feeling on the sub- thorities. ject of sacred music; and by shew- It may be right bere to mention, ing the public what effects of grap. that though the great object of the deur, beauty, and impressive solem institution was to establish a school of nity) may be produced by choral music, and not to give concerts, it harmony, skilfully conducted, has, we was yet resolved, from the beginning, presume, laid the foundation of an that there sbould be public exhibitions improved taste in tbis country. of the progress of the pupils, partly
for the satisfaction of the subscribers, ment, and not the least likely to give and partly for the sake of extending it permanence. the subscription.
That the objects of the institution The first of these took place on might be known as extensively as the 24th of May, in the Assembly possible, the Directors, who bad given Rooms, George's Street, by the kind the first performance during the sitpermission of the Directors, to wbose ting of the General Assembly, for the liberality the gentlemen connected sake of the Clergy, resolved, that with the institution feel themselves their second and third should take deeply indebted.
place during the race week; which, It included the 100dth and 148th on this occasion, assembled in the mepsalm tones, along with St Matthew's tropolis an unusual number of the and St Mary.'s; and no less than landholders of Scotland, and other three chorusses : “ The Hallelujah,” strangers. Application was accord-“ Fix'd in his everlasting seat," - ingly made for leave to perform these and “ How excellent is his name." concerts in the Episcopal Chapel, Cow
On this occasion, a crowded and gate. This was granted in the most respectable audience, including many handsome manner; and the thanks I of the Clergy from various parts of of the institution were unanimously
Scotland then in Edinburgh, testified voted to the gentlemen of the vestry. their surprise and delight, in witness- The effect of these two performances ing the degree of proficiency to which (the first of which was ably led by Mr a band of 250 vocal performers bad Simpson) was powerfully strengthened been taught in the course of little at the third concert by the admirable more than four months, and which talents of Mr Yaniewicz, who obligave the strongest pledge of their fu- gingly consented to lead the band. tare progress. It had indeed a grand Of the instrumental music on this oceffect, and afforded an unusual grati- casion, a full piece, composed for the fication to hear our venerable psalm institution by Mr Graham, was pecutunes sung in parts by so powerful a liarly admired for the beauty and spichoir, accompanied by not fewer than rit of the composition ; and the Direcsixty instrumental performers. The tors have to mention an anthem, proinstrumental band included almost all duced also on this occasion from the the professional talent of Edinburgh, pen of Mr Schetky, the father of mu
and was rendered interesting by the sic in this place, as another of the | appearance in it of the principal ama- novelties which the institution produ
teurs. It was led in a most spirited ced. manner by Mr Penson.
But of all the public performances, Subsequently to this period, the the most pleasing was the fourth, Directors resolved, for the improve which took place in the Assemblya ment of the amateur, that there Rooms, George's-Street, on the 29th should be regular meetings for in- of November. The public interest in strumental practice. These accord- the prosperity of the institution had ingly have since taken place at stated now been so much excited, tbat the intervals, under the conduct of Mr room was crowded to excess at an Simpson, and are likely to prove eqnal- early hour, with a brilliant company. ly beneficial to the institution, and On this occasion, the delightful choagreeable to the parties. Indeed, the rus in the Creation, “ The marvellous Directors cannot help regarding the work,” sung with the greatest preciassistance given at their concerts by the sion and beauty, on the preparation of private amateurs, as among the most less than a fortnight, was a subject pleasing features of their establisb- equally of admiration and surprise, evincing the ability of the performers port of an additional number of consoon to execute the noblest specimens tributors. of sacred music.
The fifth concert, on a smaller scale, was performed on the 13th of General View of the Measures taken December, in Charlotte Chapel, by for the Relief of the Labouring permission of the vestry.
Classes in EDINBURGH; with some The last performance of the year notices on the same Subject from took place on Friday, 17th Jan. 1817, GLASGOW and ABERDEEN. and fully sustained the character of the institution. The noble chorus of IN
N our last Number, we gave an ac• The Heavens are telling," was pro- count of the formation of the plan duced on this night, and powerfully for affording relief to the labouring executed by the band, both vocal and classes in this city and its suburbs, instrumental. Mr Graham also gave under the very severe pressure now two original psalm tunes, which were arising from want of employment.brought forward on this occasico. The following information, relative to
The Society express their high sa- the mode in which it has been cartisfaction with the conduct of the pro- ried into execution, derived from aufessional musicians, who gave every thentic sources, will, we hope, be graaid in their power with little or no tifying to our readers remuneration, also with the attention
The very judicious principle here and regular conduct of the pupils acted upon, is, that the relief should themselves.
be given in work rather than in mo· At the suggestion of Mr Mather, ney; that the latter should not be bein a letter to Dr Baird, the Society stowed, unless some corresponding have resolved to publish a collection equivalent in the former. It was alof psalm tunes, on a new and impro so very wisely determined, that the ved plan.
employment thus afforded should not The Society anticipate the most interfere with any of the ordinary favourable results from the great num- channels of industry ; that it should ber of persons whom they have now consist of works' useful, convenient, trained to great excellence in church and ornamental to tbe city, but which music. These will afford to the dif- would not have been carried into exferent churches the means of obtain- ecution, but for the extraordinary exing good precentors; the means also ertions now making. For this reaof forming a band to support them; son, no work could with propriety be and the example is also leading the afforded to artizans in their own lines parishes to establish schools of church of employment. The simplest species music. A school for this purpose bas of out-door work was the kind requi. already been formed in the High red. This evidently pointed to the Church ; and similar establishments improvement of roads; not the reguare forming in the Old Grey Friars, lar and necessary lines of roads, but the Tron Church, St George's Church, those formed for pleasure, and which and the Old Church.
might be considered as luxuries. The The sum required for earrying all Calton-bill has long been the most the views of the institution into effect, eligible pleasure walk for the greater is very considerable; yet the Society part of the inhabitants ; and when the have deternined not to raise the an- new and excellent approach is opened nual contribution, but to trust to the by the Wellington Bridge, it must public experience of the benefits de- become more than ever a place of geTived from their labours, for the sup- neral resort. Messrs Jardine and
Stevenson, Civil Engineers, whose when the rate of payment was properjudgment and taste in this depart- ly made very moderate. But it was meut are undisputed, hare drawn out found, that there were motives which plans, by which the roads round this induced some persons to apply when noble bill may be extended and im- they might have found employment in proved. They have also formed a the regular channels. An easier task, new line through the King's Park, the allowances of soup, &c. given to which will form an important im- those who had families, the labouring provement to those by whom that only during the day, while they could beautiful walk is frequented. Mr Pa- employ the night in other occupations, terson, Arcbitect, has particularly at- were motives impelling several to aptended to other improvements which ply, who could not be considered as are carrying on in Burntsfield Links. worthy objects.
Some difficulty baving been found A strict investigation was therefore in procuring a sufficient number of necessary, and it was undertaken and tools
, orders bave lately been sent by performed, with the most meritorious Government to supply them as requi- diligence, by Principal Baird, J. H. red, from the stores in the Castle. Forbes, Esq. Robert Johnston, Esq. and
In order to secure the due perform- several other gentlemen, who have aluoce of the work assigned, the whole ways devoted their labours to objects number employed has been divided connected with the public good, with into parties of 100, with an overseer the same zeal as if it had been to proto each. These have been divided "mote their own private interests. The into smaller parties of 25, which have town was divided into twenty-six diseach a sub-overseer. The wbole bas tricts, to each of which a Visitor and been placed under the superinten. Elder was appointed, to whom applidence of a retired military officer of cations were to be made, and who rank and experience.
were to report upon them to the ComThe next, and the most laborious mittee. A schedule was furnished task, was that of discriminating the to them, in which they were first to proper objects to be employed, and the insert the statements of the applicant, detection of imposture. This latter as given by himself, and then the corevil, it might have been supposed, responding result of their own personwould have been less to be feared, al enquiries. It
may not be uninter. wheo money was to be given, only esting to exhibit the form of the schecombined with employment, especially dule
Particulars of the Case of
This schedule, when filled up, is ing on the cases of the applicants.delivered to the Committee for report. The Committee communicates its reJanuary 1817.