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VII. and his rights and sovereigniy, to be le from the union and fraternal af that you will promote the preservation tection with hich the united kingdoms of our rights and privileges, our laws are mutually animated. The enthusi. and usages, and especially those rela. asm and interest felt by the people in. tive to the succession of the reigning fa- creased, when the most Serene Deputies mily, and those also which are particu- proceeded to the great gallery of the Jarly laid down in the same laws; and, principal front of the palace, from which finally, that you will promote every the actual President ad interim, Count thing conducive to the general welfare Florida Blanca, again proclaimed our and happiness of this kingdom, and the beloved King Ferdinand, and the peoamelioration of its custoins, keeping se- ple followed, often increasing their livecret every thing that should be so, pro: ly acclamations, joy, and the affections tecting the laws from every evil, and with which they were inspired by a bopersecuting their enemies even at the dy who were to fulfil such great hopes
, hazard of your life, safety, and proper which were the more properly concei. ty:--So I swear."
ved, in proportion to the dignified sin“ If you do so, God be your helper; cerity with which the most august proand if not, may he punish you as one ceeding which the nation has ever wit. who has taken his holy name in vain." nessed has been celebrated. Amen.
The most Serene Deputies being plaA sulemo Te Deum was sung by the ced in their respective stations, and the community of Barefooted Monks of St President having pronounced a short Pasqual of this place ; and this religious but appropriate discourse, the Junta act being concluded, the Junta passed declared itself legitimately constituted, in front of the battalion of light troops without any prejudice to the absentees; of Valencia, which was formed in two who, according to the agreement of yes. files from the entrance of the Chapel to terday, are to compose the Junta of the staircase of the Royal Palace, and Government, in al sence of our King adjourned to one of the principal halls and Master, Ferdinand VII, and ordei. destined at present for the sitting of the ed a literal certification of this act to be Junta.
drawn up, and directed to the President In this public proceeding, and among of the Council, for his information and the multitude of people of all classes that of the Tribunal. In the mean time, and conditions who were assembled, the communications are made to him of the greatest interest and enthusiasm were last orders agreed upon. discovered in favour of Ferdinand VII.
Martin De GAROT, His name resounded on all sides, together with that of the Junta, who had
General Secretary ad Interim. sworn, before God and men, at the ha- Royal Palace, Aranjuez, the 25th zard of their lives, to restore to his throne
Sept. 1808. a Sovereign so beloved, to defend our boly religion, and our laws, usages, and The Patriots are again in a state of customs. The opening of the gates of full activity, aod their affairs are still the Royal Palace, which had been so proceeding in a promising manner. In long shút, the melancholy solitude of several skirmishes they have had the the magnificent habitation of our Kings, advantage ; but the principal affair that and the remembrance of the epoch at has taken place since our last details, which, and of the reasons for which they was on the 20th September at Bilboa, were shut up, drew tears even from the which was again wrested from the French firmest of the spectators, who perform by a division of General Blake's army, ed the most affectionate and interesting beaded by the Marquis de Portzago, afaction, and the most useful in exciting ter an engagement of three hours. The vengeance against the causes of those enemy's force consisted of 5000 men, evils, and a just confidence in the sub- who were attacked so suddenly and vijects who, after incurring such danger gorously by a superior body of Spain so just a cause, nevertheless present niards, that after having 2000 killed and themselves in as great number as is ne. wounded, the remainder surrendered at cessary to bring it to a happy termina. discretion. On the expulsion of the tion. Such, doubtless, is what we ought French, the inhabitants immediately pro
claimed claimed Ferdinand VII. Gen. Portzago therefore recalled it after it had reached afterwards proceeded against St Sebas. Tudela. tian, which it was his determination The Spanis*: papers contain a circumto storm, and the French found it ne- stantial detail of the brave and successcessary to evacuate Burgos, after spik. ful detence of Gerona, in Catalonia. ing their artillery, and destroying their The French force under Duhesme con. powder.
sisted of from 7000 to 8000 infantry, and We regret, however, to learn that the about 600 cavalry, with a complete train success of the brave Marquis del Port of artillery. The Count de Caldagues, zago was only temporary, and that he commanding at Gerona, received orders was obliged to retreat from Bilboa, a to raise the seige. He could only mus. few days after his victory over the ter about 6000 men, of whom only 300 French division posted there. In the were regulars. With this force he at. begining of September, the French tacked the enemy on the 16th August. Marshal Ney, accompanied by four Ge. The action continued the whole day. berals of Brigade, several aids-de-camp, The Spaniards attacked the batteries and an escort of cavalry, entered Irun with the bayonet with incredible ardour from Bayonne. He set out fur Tolo. and gallantry; the enemy were again sa, where he took the command of and again defeated, and as often returnthe French army, and concentrated a . ed to the charge, but in the evening, force of 30,000 men, according to the beaten at all points, they precipitately Spanish accounts. It appears ihat the sought for safety in the centre of the French attach much value to the pos- plain of Sarria, on the other side of the session of Bilboa, as affording a more river, and under the protection of their certain means of communication with cavalry ; the want of cavalry on the part France. Accordingly, the Marshal of the Spaniards alone saved their ar, marched with his whole force, with the my from destruction. Next morning view of surprizing Portzago; but the the enemy retreated win two divisions, latter having notice of the approach of leaving behind large quantities of arms, the enemy, collected his small corps, ammunition, cannon, shells, mortars, which consisted only of 6000 men, and wheat, and other articles, the fruits of effected his retreat with all his artillery their rapine. One division took the and baggage, and without losing a man. route to Barcelona, the others to Figue. The French again entered the town on ras, and both were pursued by the Spa. the 27th of September, with 14,000 niards. The former encountered oppo. men. All the principal inhabitants had sition at every step, and lost about 1200 left Bilboa, after being completely pil. men on their march. Those marching Jag d by the French. Gen. Blake was by the coast, were so much annoyed by advantageously posted on the heights some English frigates, that they abanabout 10 miles from Bilboa. His ar. doned their artillery (six pieces of caniny amounted to 50,000, and he was non and a howitzer) and 70 waggons preparing to make a general attack u. with provisions. Their loss before Ge. pon the French at that place.
rona had not been ascertained, but it One more attempt seems to have been was very conside-able. The Spaniards intended to have been made on Saragos. had 22 men killed, 108 wounded, and sa. A column of 18,000 men was de. 13 missing. The enemy have now no tached from the main body of the French place of strength in Catalonia, except army towards Saragossa. Palafox was at the fortresses of Barcelona and Figuc. that time advancing to co-operate with ras, from whence the Spaniards expec. the other armies under Blake and the ted soon to expell them. Marquis de Castellar. Not wishing, The latest accounts from Catalonia however, to risk a general engagement, state, that from 6000 to 8000 French be crossed the Ebro, and descended to were still in Barcelona, and their posiBorja. The French, however, did not tion was so strong that there was little carry their intentions into execution. hope of their speedy retreat. The in. Blake was advancing so rapidly fro habitants were reduced to great misery, Leon, that Marshal Bessieres thought rich and poor had been indiscriminately it advisable not to have so large a corps plundered, and many of them murdered separated from the main body, and in cold blood, All the French houses in Catalonia and Valencia had been at 140,000 infantry, but their cavalry seized, the owners imprisoned, and does not exceed 8ooc. their property sequestrated for the use Dupont, says a Spanish paper, had he of the patriots.
got off with his plunder, would have The following were the positions of been the richest General in France. At the respective armies at the date of the Cadiz alone there were taken from last accounts:
him 60,000 piastres io silver, Scoo 010Oa the 22d September the French ces of gold, a large quantity of plate, evacuated Burgos, and fell back to the and other valuables, stolen ai Cordova Ebro. They now occupy a line along and other places. Among these was 2 that river, which extends from Miran- valuable golden cross set with diada de Ebro to Cientruinigo, a small town monds, the property of the Archbishop on the left bank of one of those nume- of Toledo. rous small rivers that run into the Ebro. The French General Dupont, Adm. This line is about 60 miles in length. Rossilly, and other officers, prisoners, Behind Cientruinigo, after crossing the were contined in the castle of St & Ebro, the road ruins direct to Pampe. bastian, to save them from the fury bi Juna. Their whole force amounts to a. the people, who were much enraged, bout 40,000 men. On the Ebro, it should both at their insolent bebaviour, and 2: seem as if they had received orders 10 the discovery of the immense quantity maintain themselves, if possible, until of valuable effects of which their reinforcements reach them. We do not country had been robbed lry such a fa. hear, however, of any having yet pas. pacious set of freebooters. Dupont's sed the Pyrenees. The enemy expect to army still remained prisoners at some be attacked by the Spaniards, and have disiance from Cadiz, there being nu therefore taken a position which is best shipping to convey them to France. calculated to receive that attack. In the rear is the Ebro; their left tank extends to the river near the little town
FRANCE AND RUSSIA. of Cientruivigo ; their right is at Mic Meeting OF THE EMPERORS ALEXAN. . randa, on the Euro, where there is a castle
DER AND NAPOLEON, on a mountain of considerable strength. The great subject of political speca.
From the preparations and positions lation on the European Continent, 15 of the Spaniards, it would seem to be the meeting of these two mighty pertheir intention to attempt cutting off sonages at Erfurth, in Saxony. It was the retreat of the enemy to the Pyrenees, naturally to be expected that ihe priand to force them to surrender, by de- mary attention of Bonaparte would be priving them of the power of getting called to the adverse situation of his supplies. On their right flank no Spa- arms in Spain. But the views and denish force is stationed to watch them, signs of this extraordinary man set all because there is no danger of their ma: reasonable conjecture at defiance. Turking a movement to the west of their key, Austria, and Poiand, have been position, and thus abandoning the Ebro; for some time objects of his jealousy, and but on every other side there is a strong bre will endeavour to remove any cause Spanish force. In their front the Cas. for disquietude from these quarters
, be. tilian army is advancing by Aranda and fore he set seriously about the subjuga. Osma ; Blake is on the left of that ar. tion of Spain. my at Quintanilla. Palafox's army, or The Paris papers accordingly arthe army of Arragon and Valencia, (now nounce, that " His Imperial and Roya! under the command of Cuesta,) is on the Majesty, at five o'clock in the morning other side of the Ebro, and its head of the 22d September, set out from the quarters are at Sos, a little to the south. Palace of St Cloud for the States of the east of Sanguessa. This position shows Confederation of the Rbine. He #35 clearly that the army of Arragon is to accompanied by the Prince of Neufcbaattempt to interpose itself between Pam. tel, Minister Secretary of State ; the peluna and the Pyrenean frontier. Duke of Frioul, Grand Marshal of the
The total amount of the Spanish ar- Palace; General Nansouty, Premier mies on the above stations, is estimated Esquire ; by the Aides-de-camp, the
Duke de Rovigo (Gen. Savary) and increased that disgust; for the people Lauriston ; by the Chamberlain, M. who know the consequences that reRemurat; avd by the Esquire, M. Cal. sulied from the conferences at Tilsit, valetti. The Prince of Benevento and naturally fear and expect that the cona M. Champagne had preceded his Ma. sequences of the conferences at Erfurth jesty."
will be equally disastrous and disgraceErfurth, Sept. 28. ful. “ Yesterday, at nine o'ciock in the Alexander, in passing through Konigsmorning, arrived here his Majesty the berg, condescended to visit the unforEmperor of ine French. The Com. tunate King of Prussia, and, we are told, Tandant of the town, the Magistrates, "embraced him in the most affectionate the Deputies of the Livery, the Univer- manner!" With the knowledge of what sity, and the Clergy, met him without he had suffered from this imperial asso. the gates; the President of the Senate ciate of the grand spoiler, and with the iendered him the keys of the gates of presentiment of what further humiliathe city, and presented an address, ex- tions were likely to be the result of this pressing the fidelity and attachinent of second imperial interview, surely this the inhabitants to his person and go- fresh mark of duplicity and hypocrisy veroment. The Emperor having pe. must have been regarded by the haples: rused the adjress, and testified his sa- monarch with disgust and indignation. tisfaction, entered the town on horse- Grear importauce is very naturally back, amidst the firing of guns, ringing attached to the meeting at Erfurtli. of bells, and joyful acclamations of the The Paris journals say it will surnish inhabitauts, and alighted at the hotel “ abundant matter for the historical prepared for his reception. Soon after pen, whether we consider the impor. the Emperor mcuated his house again, tance of the decision which will involie 10 pay a visit to his Majesty the King the fate of nations, or the lustre and auof Saxony, who arrived on ihe preced- thority of the two Sovereign arbiters," ing day. He afterwards inspected the Private accounts state the object of troops quartered in this town, and then the meeting at Erfurth to be, a partition proceeded on horseback on the road to of the whole of the eastern part of Europe, Weimar, to meet his Imperial Majesty of wbich Austria will be ofered a considethe Emperor of Russia. About three rable portion. The Emperor Francis, o'clock in the afternoon the two great however, we are assured, has declined Monarchis entered the town on horse. all participation in this project of spoback, attended by a great number of liation; and it is even supposed, that persons of the first distinction, and should an attempt be made to carry it escorted by two regiments of foot and into execution, be will make common two of horse. At night the whole cause with the Ottoman Porte. It is town was illuminated.-At Weimar 300 added, that the plan of the grand conmen of the Imperial Russian Guards spirators is most deeply laid, and that , are expected. His Majesty the King its first eifects will be visible in Asiatic of Westphalia, his Imperial Highness Turkey, where a formidable revoluthe Grand Duke Constantine, and the tionary movement has long been orgaDuke and Hereditary Prince of Wei- nised in concert with the court of Permar, bave arrived in this place.” sia. In the mean time, Napoleon ap
The Emperor Alexander left Peters- pears to continue the exercise of his burgh on the ist of Sept. accompanied baleful infuence over the Ottoman by the Grand Duke Constantine, Count councils, and to have induced the new Romanzow, his Prime Minister, and government to adopt the rigorous systhe noted Caulincourt, the French tem he has so generally prescribed, reambassador, His Majesty must have lative to the exclusion of British com. left his capital privately; for private merce from their ports. letters assure us, that the Russian na. It seems to be at least certain that tion is almost universally disgusted at the Emperor of Austria (though pressed the war, in which the blood and honour by the French minister Andreussi, and of the empire are so profusely wasted, another special envoy from Paris) does and from which nothing great or good not attend the interview at Erfurth, nor can result. The journey to Erfurth has does his Ambassador attend Bonaparte; yet, according to the French statements I have no doubt respecting the peace of from Vienna, all is harmony with the the Continent; but I neither will nor three imperial courts, and all the nili ought to rely upon the talse calculations tary movements of Austria are only the and errors of other Courts; and, since completion of previous details no way my neighbours increase their armies, it connected with the present state of is a duty incumbent on me to increase things ! The circumstances adduced in mine." proof of these statements, are such as This is not very pacific language, and have been a thousand times repeared in the bustle of military preparation, appa. a thousand different shapes. Time will rent on all sides, is the best commert try their value.
upon it. FRANCE AND AUSTRIA.
The military preparations of Austria
are on a scale so extensive as to place it The opinion that Europe is on the beyond a doubt that war is regarded as eve of a general war, is strengthened by inevitable. The greater part of the Austhe language of the French official docu. trian troops, forming the cordon on the ments before alluded to (p. 711.); the Turkish frontiers, are recalled into the tenor of which, as far as they relate to interior of llungary. A fresh levy of Austria, is to the following effect :- between bo and 70.000 men, to be cal
“ The best understanding subsists be led the Militia of Reserve, has been or. tween the two powers : Austria bas dered in the Austrian dominions. There shewn every disposition to second the are thus two armies of reserve, consistviews of Napoleon against England ;- ing of nearly 180,000 men, besides nuo she is making no extraordinary prepa. merous corps of drivers, &c. The regurations; and as for France, her troops lar army comprises upwards of 450,000 are in cantonments at more than 100 men. In several provinces, the governmiles from Austria, properly so called; ment, taking advantage of the late ab. she is indeed sending 40,000 conscripts undai: corps, is forming extensive me. to Germany, but it is to replace double gazines. Various other measures have the number of veteran troops which been adopted for the security and de have been drawn off for Spain. In this fence of the country, and the zeal and same article, however, a jealousy of ardour of the people keep pace with Austria is apparent, and it is broadly the vigour and activity of the governhinted, that she must expect to have ment. Every thing, even the amuse. Russia against her, should she break ments of the children, has as 'med a with France. “ The closest union," it military character. At Vienna almost is said, “exists between France and all the boys are enrolled on Sundays and Russia, and those two great powers are holidays in corps. resolved to combine their forces, and to consider as an enemy every friend to Enge
SWEDEN. land." This jealousy and apprebension of Austria are more strongly marked in Official accounts by the last mail state, the report of the Minister of Foreign that asanguinary action took place on the Affairs to the Senate, and in Bonaparte's 17th Aug. between Bijonborg and Chrismessage. “ Austria," says the Minis- tianstadt, in which the Russians were ter,“ has carried its armaments beyond defeated with a great loss of killed, and measure-its military force is out of all 1300 wounded and prisoners. The proportion to its population and finances. Swedes had 200 killed, and among the Your Ministers, Sire, only wish to re: wounded is Gen, Cronstedt. Another mark this, in order that your Majesty accouns says, the Russians left 2000 may perceive the necessity of augment dead on the field, and the Swedes had ing your force, for the purpose or still 22 officers and 800 privates killed and preserving the relative superiority which wounded. An attack, it is also officially exists between the powers and the po. announced, was made on the Russian pulation of the two empires." And Na. florilla in Jangfursund on the night of poleon, in his message to the Senate, the 17th Aug. and three of their vessels says—My alliance with the Emperor taken. The Russians, it is said, in conof Russia extinguishes every hope which sequence of these reverses, had retired England can entertain from her projects. beyond the frontiers of Finland,