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was such as not to render it extremely probable that we should find occasion to extol his political opinions: it is, however, with great pleasure we acknowledge our mistake; and here again, as we have remarked in a preceding article, it shews more clearly, then, the folly so deeply rooted in the minds of some people, of expecting all good or all evil from any given political party. Mr. Kenyon is arguing for the extension of members to be returned for Wales; and let us observe that, although this is a maiden speech, its language is open, clear, and eloquent, evincing strong proof that its deliverer possesses the head of a statesman, and the heart of an honest and upright representative of the people. But we must let the honorable member speak for himself, while we assure him that the modesty with which he puts forward his claim, in behalf of his country, cannot but merit the approbation of all, while the force with which he supports his arguments is worthy the attention of the most experienced senators.
“ I feel that some apology is due from me to those members for the Principality of Wales, who, from their weight and standing in this House, from their established character and superior talents, have a prior right to stand forward in behalf of their country, and by their greater abilities to ensure success. But I trust, that whether in a reformed or unreformed House of Commons, a too eager desire to evince attachment to our native land, a too ardent zeal to promote the wishes of our fellow-countrymen, will always carry with it its own vindication. Linked to my country not more by an enthusiastic admiration of her loveliness, than by a warm attachment to the generous feelings of her sons, bound to her by every tie of private affection, by every fond remembrance of past hours of happiness, it must always be to me a source of proud gratification, that the first time I have ventured to obtrude myself on the attention of this House, I appealed to them in the name of my country.
“I rise, sir, in the name of an ancient nation; I rise, in the name of a loyal people, to express their perfect confidence, that in a measure which extends to every class of his Majesty's subjects, and to every part of the British Isles, a larger share of direct representation, they alone shall not be passed over with the slur of neglect, they alone shall not be treated with unmerited indignity. I ask, sir, nothing which militates against the principles of this Bill; I ask nothing adverse to any expression of popular opinion; I ask for no violation of popular privilege, for no confiscation of ancient rights; I ask for the Principality of Wales (should the House ultimately sanction this, which I must still consider as a wanton act of spoliation, that additional member, which is enjoyed even by the meanest county in England.
" It is somewhat difficult to define the precise ratio which would seem to entitle the counties of England to any given quantity of members; but arguing from analogy, and adducing as instances those counties which have their representation altered or amended by this Bill, and which, therefore, may be presumed to have a fair and not an undue proportion, I think I can convince the House of the justice of my claim.
“The county of Westmoreland, having had its ancient borough of Appleby disfranchised, but being considered by its population to be entitled to return two members for the shire, and one for a borough, had a member allotted to Kendal; the population of Westmoreland was, in 1821, 51,359; and this, therefore, is declared by this very Bill to be a sufficient population to possess the right of returning three members. Now the county of
Carmarthen has, by the same census, 90,239
“And yet these counties have only one member each for the borough, and one knight for the shire. And when the House looks at the population of Monmouth and Huntingdon, and at the Isle of Wight, with 35,000 inhabitants, enjoying three members by this Bill, I am sure they will recognise the justice of this claim, even for the smaller counties."
No one will deny that there is, to say the least of it, great justice in this claim, whether we regard the proportion of members exhibited by Mr. Kenyon, or the great and increasing interests of the Principality, which are alluded to as follows:
“Let me remind the House that while, by acts of federal union, the representations of Scotland and of Ireland were arranged, the one at the commencement of the last, the other of the present century; while the representatives for England have been increased almost to double their amount; the representation of Wales remains in precisely the same state as it was three centuries ago, at a time when she was considered as a conquered province, and was very thinly inhabited. But, sir, look at her state now, look at her rapidly increasing population, look at her progressive advance in wealth, at the great improvement in her means of communication, at her agriculture (not fearing competition, even with her more favored neighbours); look at the incalculable extent of her infinite variety of mines; at the richness of her lead and her iron mines; at that vast bed of coal, both in the north and the south; and then, sir, I will ask the House if we are not entitled to this petty addition that we crave? I would entreat the House to grant this favor, then, to a people rapidly advancing in opulence and intelligence, to a people jealous of their rights, and proud of their antiquity; and let no man undervalue that feeling; it is the surest foundation on which a nation's power and a kingdom's independence can be based; it is that spirit, which, amid the gloom of depression and the whirlwind of convulsion, still bids the soul cling fondly to its country, and paralyses the activity of evil.
“Dear is that shed to which his hopes conform,
And dear that hill which lifts him to the storm,
But bind him to his native mountains more.' “Sir, in the name of my country, I demand this as a right; I shall be grateful to accept it as a boon.
“I move that it be an instruction to this committee to make provision for the further increase of knights to serve in Parliament for the different shires in the Principality of Wales.”
We here take our leave, for the present, of this momentous—this solemn question, for more than usually so does it seem to us,
while, as we are engaged in our editorial labours, we hear the loud artillery proclaim, to the listening metropolis, that our gracious king has, this moment, seated himself on the throne of these realms, to declare his sentiments to the assembled lords and commons. We are thankful that we were about to close this article, as the feelings with which we are now imbued are of a nature too comprehensive and exciting to allow of that concentration towards our subject which would have been so necessary to its extension.
We are convinced there does not exist one true Christian, or real friend to his country, who will not join us heartily in that prayer which will today be read in both houses, and wherein is this memorable passage, "That all things may be so ordered and settled by their endeavours, upon the best and surest foundations, that peace and happiness, truth and justice, religion and piety, may be established among us for all generations."
December 6, 1831.
OLD PETITION TO THE MAYOR OF CHESTER.
“The petition of David Molynton Walker, to Jo. Hope, Maior of Chester, against Richard Walker, his apprentice, that he played at dice, for dry mony, contrary to his comand, for wh he did bete him and chastise him, for which the sherriffes of the citty do trouble him contrary to law and reason; seing there is no law to punish any man for bateing of his wife or prentice, he, therefore, desires that he may not be any longer vexed, but may chastice his apprentice for misgovernance, &c."
British Museum, Harl. 2099.
CYWYDD I ANERCH
Yr hon a fu farw y 29ain. o Fawrth, 1829.
Tomas, mae yn fraint imi
Ond nid byd o hyd yw hwn
Neud Tithau, Frawd, wyt weithon
Gwraig oedd gywir egwyddor
Gwir yw un o'r goreuon,
Balchder yspryd fraenllyd fri
Tirionwch natur uniawn
Yn awr o'r byd hadlyd hwn
Gan Robert DAVIES,
Mary, Mair in Welsh.