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tain advantageous positions, our opponent and wounded, our bowsprit and three evidently avoiding close action, and firing masts gone, several guns useless, we should high to disable our masts, in which he not be justified in wasting the lives of more succeeded too well, having shot away the of those remaining, who I hope their Lordhead of our bowsprit with the jib-boom, ships and the Country will think have and our running rigging so much cut as to bravely defended His Majesty's ship; unprevent our preserving the weather-gage. der these circuinstances, however reluct-Ac five minutes past three, finding antly, at fifty minutes past five, our cothe enemy's raking fire extremely heavy, lours were lowered from the stop of the Capt. Lambert ordered the ship to be laid mizen-mast, and we were taken possession on board, in which we should have suc-of, a little after six, by the American friceeded, had not our fore-inast been shot gate Constitution, commanded by Commoaway at this moment, the remains of our dore Bainbridgt, who, immediately after bowsprit passing over his taffrail; shortly ascertaining the state of the ship, resolved after this the maintop mast went, leaving on burning her, which we had the satisthe ship totally unmanageable, with most faction of seeing done as soon as the woundof our starboard guns rendered useless froined were removed. Annexed I send you a the wreck lying over them.--At half. return of the killed and wounded, and it is past three our gallant Captain received a with pain I perceive it so numerous; also dangerous wound in the breast, and was a statement of the comparative force of the carried below ; from this time we could two ships, when I hope their Lordships not fire more than two or three guns until a will not think the British flag tarnished, alquarter-past four, when our mizen-mast though success has not attended us. It was shot away; the ship then fell off a would be presumptuous in me to speak of little, and brought many of our starboard Captain Lambert's merits, who, thongh guns to bear: the enemy's rigging was so still in danger from his wound, we still much cut, that he could not now avoid entertain the greatest hopes of his being shooting a-head, wtrich brought us fairly restored to the service and his country. broadside and broadside. Our inain-yard It is most gratifying to my feelings to now went in the slings, both ships conti- notice the gallantry of every officer, seanued engaged in this manner till thirty-five man, and marine on board; in justice to minutes past four, we frequemily on fire, the officers, I beg leave to mention them in consequence of the wreck lying on the individually. I can never speak too highly side engaged. Our opponent now made of the able exertions of Lieutenants Hev. sail a-head out of gun-shot, where he re- ringham, and Buchanan, and also Mr. mained an hour repairing his damages, Robinson, Master, who was severely leaving us an unmanageable wreck, with wounded, and Lieutenants Mercer and Daonly the mainmast left, and that tottering. vis, of the royal marines, the latter of Every exertion was made by us during this whom was also severely wounded. To interval to place the ship in a state to reCaptain John Marshall, R. N. who was a new the action. We succeeded in clearing passenger, I am particularly obliged for the wreck of our masts from our guns, a his exertions and advice throughout the sail was set on the stumps of the fore-mast action. To Lieutenant Aplin, who was on and bowsprit, the weather-half of the main the main deck, and Lieutenant Saunders, yard reinaining aloft, the main-tack was who commanded on the forecasile, I also got forward in the hope of getting the ship return my thanks, I cannot but notice the before the wind, our helm being still per- good conduct of the mates and midshipmen, fect; the effort unfortunately proved inef- many of whom are killed, and the greater fectual, from the main-mast falling over part wounded. To Mr. T. C. Jones, Surthe side, from the heavy rolling of the ship, geon, aud bis assistants, every praise is which nearly covered the whole of our due for their unwearied assiduity in the starboard guns. We still waited the at- care of the wounded. Lieut.-General Histack of the enemy, he now standing towards lop, Major Walker, and Captain Wood, us for that purpose ; on his coming nearly of his staff
, the latter of whom was severely within hail of us, and from his manœuvre wounded, were solicitous to assist and reperceiving he intended a position a head, main on the quarter-deck. I cannot conwhere he could rake us without a possibility clude this letter without expressing my of our returning a shot, I then consulted grateful acknowledgments, thus publicly, the officers, who agreed with myself that for the generous treatment Captain Lamour having a great part of our crew killed bert and his officers have experienced from
our gallant enemy, Commodore Bainbridge, , vourably estimated; and by a consideration and his officers. I have the honour to on the momentous period at which the trust
has been renewed.- From the weight HY. D. CHADS, First Lieutenant and magnitude now belonging to it, I
of His Majesty's late ship Java. should be compelled to shrink, if I had P.S. The Constitution has also suffered less reliance on the support of an enlightenseverely, both in her rigging and men,
ed and generous people, and feel less deep having her fore and mizen-masis, maintop- I ly a conviction, that the war with a powmast, both maintopsail-yards, spanker
erful nation, which forms so prominent a boom, gaff, and trysail-mast badly shot, feature in our situation, iş stamped with and the greatest part of the standing rig- Heaven on the means of conducting it to a
smiles of ging very much damaged, with ten men Lilled, the Conimodore, Fifth Lieutenant, cherish this sentiment, without presump
successful termination. May we not and forty-six men wounded, four of whoin
tion, when we reflect on the characters by are since dead.
which this war is distinguished ? It Force of the Two Ships.
was not declared on the part of the United Java.
States until it had been long made on them 28 long eighteen-pounders.
in reality, though not in name-until ar16 carronades, thirty-two-pounders.
guments and expostulations had been ex2 long nine-pounders.
hausted—until a positive declaration had been received that the wrongs provoking it
would not be discontinued—nor until this Weight of metal, 1,034 lb.
appeal could no longer be delayed without Ship's company and supernumeraries, 377. breaking down the spirit of the nation, deCONSTITUTION.
stroying all confidence in itself and in its 32 long twenty four-pounders.
political institutions; and either perpetu22 carronades, thirty-two-pounders, ating a state of disgraceful suffering, or re1 carronade, cighteen-pounder. gaining, by more costly sacrifices and more
severe struggles, our lost rank and respect
among independent powers. On the Weight of metal, 1,490 lb.
issue of the war are staked our national soCrew, 480.
vereignty on the high seas, and security of
an important class of citizens, whose occuAMERICAN STATES.
pations give the proper value to those of
every other class. Not to contend for such Washinglon, March 4. a stake, is to surrender our equality with At twelve o'clock this day, James Madi-other Powers on the element common to all, son, the President of the United States and to violate the sacred title which every elect, having attended at the Capital for member of the society has to its protection. the purpose of taking the Oath of Office, -I need not call into view the unlawfuldelivered to the vast concourse of people ness of the practice, by which our mariners assembled on the occasion, the following are forced, at the will of every cruising Speech :
officer, from their own vessels into foreign " About to add the solemnity of an oath ones, nor paint the outrages inseparable to the obligations imposed by a second call from it. The proofs are in the records of to the station in which my country has here each successive administration of our gobefore placed ine, I find in the presence of vernment-and the cruel sufferings of that this respectable assembly, an opportunity portion of the American people have found of publicly repeating my profound sense of their way to every bosom not dead to so distinguished a coufidence, and of the the sympathies of human nature. responsibility united with it. The im- As the war was just in its origin, and nepressions on me are strengthened by such cessary and noble in its objects; we can rean evidence, that my faithlul endeavours to flect with a proud satisfaction, that in car. discharge my arduous duties have been fa
(To be continued.)
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.
LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black-Horse-Court, Fleet-street.
COBBETT'S WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER.
VOL. XXIII, No. 20.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, MAY 15, 1813.
the true account of the quarrels between SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
the Prince and Princess of Wales, He BERKSHIRE MEETING." Spirit or the left it with me to read. I read it, and I " Book."- This county, one of the very found (for I had seen part of the real Bouk first in the kingdom to step forward in all before) that, not only was it a mere rocases where justice calls for the people's in- mance, that it was, as to its intended meanterference, met on Monday, the 4th in- ing, a string of lies; but, that the author stant, to address the Princess of Wales. never could have seen the Book, or any part
Mr. Monck moved the Address, and of it. -When, therefore, Mr. Haydn was seconded by Mr. MAKANESS, who returned, I gave him his manuscript ; was followed by Mr. HALLETT. —These told him it was all falsehood; told him that Berkshire men talk too freely for me to dare it was very unjust to publish such a thing; to insert their speeches. But, I have read, and advised him to have nothing to do with with great pleasure, all the excellent things the matter. - The production was, howthey said about the parties, high and low, ever, published; and Mr. Haydn brought concerned in the transactions of which they me a copy and gave it me. - He asked spoke. There was a Mr. REYNARD, me to mention it in the Register. I told who spoke against the Address, who was him, that I could not do any thing tending very neatly answered by Mr. H. Marsh. to give the work currency, because I knew But, what I am anxious particularly to no- it to be wholly false, and because I regardtice with regard to this Meeting, is, an oh- ed it as containing matter calculated to do servation of Mr. Reynard, relative to a pub- great injustice to the Princess of Wales. lication, called the “ SPIRIT OF THE -He then asked me to be so good as to “BOOK.” This gentleman is reported to write against it! That I also rcfused, as have said, that that work contained matter being likely to aid in the circulation.---against the Princess, which had not yet However, it wanted no aid of mine. Cubeen answered. - That any person, pre- riosily; the love of diving into such mattending to speak at a public meeting, should ters; and the manner of dressing up the have named such a publication, as contain- story, sent it through all the circulating liing any thing worthy of serious notice, is braries in the kingdom. The sale was imquite surprising; and it only shows to mense; and the prolit, as I am told, not
what shitis and tricks the enemies of the less than three or four thousand pounds. ! Princess are ready to resort.---The thing - This is the true history of the work,
having been mentioned, howerer, and on which Mr. REYNARD thought proper to resuch an occasion, I will, for the informa- fer to at the public Meeting of a county, as tion of the Tax-payers of Berkshire, give containing serious matter against the the real history of this publication. I Princess of Wales.--- What, after this, saw it in manuscript: it was while I was will not the enemies of the Princess trump in Newgate for two years, for having writ- up? Will they stop at any thing? I ten about the flogging of English militia- think it is not likely that they will; and, men, at the town of Ely, in England, under therefore, the public ought to be upon their the superintendence of German Troops, guard against every thing which they say, and about a year before I paid the Prince - The Address, in Berkshire, was, it Regent a fine of a thousand pounds, for the seems, carried with only two voices against sagie crime ; while, I say, I was thus in it; but, as we are told in the Morning Newgate, a young man, who said his Chronicle, Mr. Dundas, one of the Counname was Haydn, came to me with the ty Members, has refused to present it, on
Spirit of the Book,” in manuscript, and account of certain parts in it censuring the told me that it was the writing of a person conduct of the four Lords, who held the then in the King's Bench prison. He Inquiry. If this be true, the people of told me, that, under feigned names, it was Berkshire ought to bear it in mind. What
right has Mr. Dundas to refuse to comply | little deficient ; nanely, in not having adwith a vote of the whole county upon such dressed the Regent upon the subject of his a ground as that which is here alleged? Royal Consort's escape from so base and The people of the county voted, that the wicked an attempt against her honour and Address, which they agreed to, should be life. -His joy must be as much greater carried up by the county Members; and, if than any other man's, upon the occasion, those Members refuse, what pretty repre- as his honour was more at stake. Her acsentalives they are! They seem to think, how quittal; the complete proof of her innocence, ever, that they are not chosen by the peo- and of the guilt of her infamous enemies; ple; they well know, that it is not the free the shame, the disgrace, now affixed for popular voice that has placed them where ever on the heads of the “suborned and they are; and, therefore, they disregard, “ perjured traducers," must give him, very likely, that voice. --The Meeting above all men, satisfaction. Indeed the included, as it ought, all persons in the whole of the Royal Family, and, amongst County, paying taxes; and, surely, a man the female part, the Queen, that good old who pays taxes, ought to have something Lady, her aunt and mother-in-law, must to say in the affairs of the country and the feel her heart warmed at the wiping off of government.----Here, again, we see (and, these aspersions on her family. I think, indeed, it meets us every where) the want that Her Majesty also ought to be addressof a reform in the parliament. The state- ed; for, as I find from the Gazette, she was ment about the conduct of Mr. Dundas may addressed upon the marriage of the Princess, be untrue; but, if he has refused, the cause and upon the birth of her child. Why is, that he knows that he does not depend not address the Queen now? I would, if I for his seat upon the payers of the taxes ; had any thing to do with Addresses. I do but, in the first place, upon the dependants not like the idea of treating the Queen as if of Government; upon the aristocracy and she were out of date. There can be no the church; and, then, upon their depend doubt; it would be disloyal to doubt, that ants. If every man who pays taxes had Her Majesty must feel the most lively sahad a vote in the county, Mr. Dundas would tisfaction upon the occasion ; and, by all not have refused to present an Address of that's loyal, address her I would ! The the people. -Mr. Hallett made an ob- people must meet again. They have but servation that was very striking. It was half done their business. Indeed, though this : that, when the Addresses were going the Ministers have, perhaps, too much moon against the conduct of the Duke of York, desty to say it, they, I dare say, are ofthe movers were accused of factious and fended to see no Addresses coming forward disloyal motives; and, that, now that they to the Queen and the Regent. This, now are addressing the Princess upon her escape I rightly think of matter, must be the from the machinations of disloyal conspira- cause why they appear so cold upon the octors, they are still accused of faclious and casion. Go at them, therefore, with Addisloyal motives. -As he observed, these dresses to the Regent and the Queen, and I accusers are very difficult lo please. The will engage, that they will discover a strong truth is, they depend on the Government fellow-teeling in the work.-- It is, perfor the whole, or part, of what they pos- haps, for this second series of Addresses sess, and, they imagine, that Addresses that the Clergy are reserving themselves ; for the Princess are as disagreeable to those and, I must confess, that I am impatient is in power as Addresses were against the see those gentlemen come out. They have Duke of York.-_That they think this is seldom been behind hand, when the work manifest enough ; but, the wonder is, why of Addressing was going forward in favour they should think so! Why they should of any one of the Royal Family; and, imagine, that Addresses, expressing joy upon an occasion like this, where an innoat the escape of the wife from a foul, cent woman has escaped from a base comand base, and infamous conspiracy, should bination against her, the Church, it appears be displeasing to any one in power. Why to me, ought to have stood in the frozt. they should think this is the wonder; and Why the Clergy have hung back I cannot yet, that they do think it, appears very imagine. I wish some one, at least, of clear to me; because I always see them them would give us the reasons for what ready to pour in Addresses, when those appears so astonishing. But, at any rate, Addresses are manifestly pleasing to the if they will not come out, let us bear the Government. - There is one thing, in fact in mind. which, I think, the people have been a
THE TRINITY. -This seems an odd " was accordingly done.—- LORD Cassort of topic for a Political Register ; but," TLEPEACH said, he certainly did nol ste it belongs to politics as much as war does," any reason to object to the principle of it having become the subject of Acts of Par- " the Bill. When the Bill was before the liament, and being now, if the news papers House, he would then be enabled to see tell us truth, about to become the subject " if there was any thing in the mode of of a new Act. This Act will, if pass- granting the relief liable to objection. ed, make a much greater change in the re
-The House went into a Committee, ligion of this country than has ever yet " when leave was moved for and obtained, been made. It strikes at the root of Chris. "to bring in the Bill in question.”. tianily itself. Now, mind, I say this as Now, as the reader will understand, if my deliberate opinion; and the reasons, on this Act pass, any person may, with impuwhich I found this opinion, I will state nity, openly talk, prate, or preach, that fully, when I have inserted the report of the Doctrine of the Trinily is a false Docthe proceedings in the House of Commons. trine. What, then, is this Doctrine?
.“ M8. Wm. Smith said, he believed Our Church tells us, that, unless we beno opposition would be made to the mo- lieve in it we must be damned; the belief " tion he was about to submit to the House, of it is, our Church says, absolutely neces" and he therefore would not take up two sary to salvation; and, to allow people « minutes of their attention. The Act of openly to say that it is a false doetrine,
King William, known by the name of what is this but to allow people to do their “the Toleration Act, denied to persons utmost to procure and ensure our damnaus who disbelieved in the Trinity the bene- tion; and, pray, what did Mr. Paine, or "fit of toleration. An Act of the 19th of Mr. Eaton, or any body else ever do, or " His present Majesty required only the ge- attempt to do, more than this ? - But, I "neral belief in the doctrines of Christi- am before my story. What is the Doctrine
anity and the Scriptures; but it so hap- of the Trinity ? - Why, it is this. That
pened, that though by the Act of the GOD, the Maker of the Universe; the " 19th it was not necessary to subscribe the Creator and Sustainer of all things ; did, “ Articles of the Church of England, pro- through the instrumentality of the Holy “ fessing the belief in the Trinity, the Acts Ghost, assuming the shape of a Dove, be* of the 9th and 10th of King William get upon the body of a woman, his son
were not repealed. By these Acts, per- Christ. That Christ, so begotten, was
sons who in writing or conversation deny GOD; and that the Holy Ghost was ĠOD; " the existence of any of the persons of the and yet, that there were not, and are not “ Trinity, are disabled in law from bold-three Gods, but only one God. There
ing any office, civil, ecclesiastical, or are persons who deny this. They say, that
military, on conviction; and if a second they do not believe, that God the Father, " time convicted, they are disabled to sue God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost, are
or prosecute in any action or information, one God; they deny that the two latter are " or to be the guardian of any child, and. Gods, and acknowledge only as God, God “ liable to be imprisoned for three years. the Father.---Who is right and who “ The only object of his Bill was to do wrong, I have not the presumption to say;
away these penalties. He said the libe- but, this I say, that both are not right; that “ral Act which was passed last year was one of the two is wrong; and, I further say, "highly creditable to the liberality of the that he who denies the divinily of Christ is “ Ministers of this country, and the times no Christian ; whence it follows, that, in “ in which we lived. The only question my clear opinion, the proposed Act, if
now for consideration was, whether those passed, would be a sanction to the open “persons dissenting from the Church of preaching against Christianity.---The di
England, should be still liable to the pe- vinity of Christ is the basis of Christianity. “ nalties of the Acts of King William. He if he was not God; if he may be consider" therefore moved for leave to bring in a ed in any other light; if he may be re- . “ Bill for granting farther Relief to the dif- garded as something less; where is the “ ferent Persuasions of Christians in this boundary? Once let the people be told, “ Country, zvho disbelieved the Doctrine of that lie was a man, and what becomes of
the Triniley.-- THE SPEAKER observed, the whole system? Take away the law, as " that the regular course was to move first, it now stands, and see to what lengths men " that the motion should be submitted to a will go. Every one will give his opinion " Committee of the whole House ; which freely upon this point; the incarnation;