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occasion to go into the back-kitchen effect ; at last the white gander with a light, observed that the lap., ' was worsted, overthrown, and malwing always uttered his cry of peeo ' treated by the other. I parted them, . wir' to obtain admittance. He soon ' happily for the white one, as he grew more familiar: as the winter would otherwise have lost his life. advanced, he approached as far as “Then the grey gander began screamthe kitchen, but with much caution, ing, and gabbling, and clapping his as that part of the house was gene

wings, and ran to join his mistresses, rally occupied by a dog and a cat, 'giving each a noisy salute, to which whose friendship the lapwing at length ihe three dames replied, ranging

• conciliated so entirely, that it was his themselves at the same Die round regular custom to resort to the fire-side

him. Meanwhile poor Jacquot was as soon as it grew dark, and spend 'in a pitiable condition, and, retir. the evening and night with his two ing, sadly vented at a distance associates, sitting close by them, and his doletul cries. It was severat partaking of the comforts of a warm days before he recovered from his fire-side. As soon as spring appeared, dejection, during which time I had he left off coming to the house and soinetimes occasion to pass through betook himself to the garden ; but the court where he stayed. I saw on the approach of winter he had re- • him always thrust out from society, course to his old shelter and friends, and each time I passed he came who received him very cordially. gabbling to me.


One day he ap: Security was productive of insolence; proached so near me, and shewed what was at first obtained with cau- • so much friendship, that I could not tion, was afterwards taken without • help caressing him, by stroking with reserve: he frequently amused him- my hand his back and neck, to which self with washing in the bowl which he seemed so sensible, as to follow was set for the dog to drink out of; me into the entrance of the court. and while he was thus employed, he • Next day, as I again passed, he ran shewed marks of the greatest indig- ' to me, and I gave him the same canation if either of his companions resses, with which alone he was not presumed to interrupt him. He died

• satisfied, but seemed, by his gesin the asylum he had chosen, being 'tures, to desire that I should lead choaked with something that he pick- him to his mates. I accordingly ed up from the floor." p. 493_495. • did lead him to their quarter, and We finish our extracts from this


his arrival, lie began his voci. volume with the following instance • ferations, and directly addressed of warm affection in a goose, which • the three dames, who failed not to was communicated to the Comte de answer him. Immediately the

grey Buffon by a man both of veracity victor sprung upon Jacquot. I left and information. The following are them for a moment; he was always nearly his own words :- There were * the stronger; I took part with my • two ganders, a grey and white one Jacquot, who was under ; I set him

(the latter named Jacquot) with over his rival; he was thrown an. • three females. The two males were der; I set him up again. In this • perpetually contending for the com. way they fought eleven minutes, and • pany of these three dames. When by the assistance which I gave, he

one or the other prevailed, it as- • obtained the advantage over the

sumed the direction of them, and grey gander, and got possession of • hindered the other from approach- the three daines. When my friend .. ing. He who was the master during 'Jacquot saw himself master, he would • the night, would not yield in the 'not venture to leave his females, and • morning, aud the two gallants therefore no longer came to me • fought so furiously, that it was ne- • when I passed: he only gave me at • cessary to run and part them. It ' a distance many tokens of friend• happened one day, that being drawn ship, shouting and clapping his

, • to the bottom of the garden by their wings, but would not quit his comI cries, I found them with their necks panions, lest, perhaps, the other • entwined, striking their wings with should take possession. Things' went

rapidity and astonishing force; the on in this way till the breeding sea• three females turned round, as wisheson, and he never gabbled to me but • ing to separate them, but without ' at a distance. When his ferrales,

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• however, began to sit, he left them, Volome III. –The following acand redoubled his friendship to me. count is intended to prove the dele

One day, having followed me as far terious effects of the poison of the • as the ice-house, at the top of the rattle-spake. • park, the place where I must neces- “ We are told by an intelligent sarily part with him, in pursuing American writer, that a farmer was • my way to a wood at half a league one day mowing with his begroes, • distance, I shut bim in the park. wben he by chance trod on a rattle• He no sooner saw himself separated svake, thai immediately turned upon • from me, than he vented strange him, and bit his boot. At night, when • cries. However, I went on my he went to bed, he was attacked with • road, and had advanced about a a sickness; he swelled, and before a • third of the way, when the noise of physician could be called in he died. • a heavy flight made me turn round All his neighbours were surprised at • my head : I saw my Jacquot four his sudden death, but the corpse was •paces from me. He followed me interred without examination. A

all the way, partly on foot, partly few days after one of the sons put on on wing, getting before me, and his father's boots, and at night when • stopping at the cross paths to see he pulled them off he was seized with · what way I should take. Our ex- the same symptoms, and died on the

pedition lasted from ten o'clock in following morning. The doctor ar• morning till eight in the evening, rived, but, unable to divine the cause • and yet my companion followed of so singular a disorder, seriously • me through all the windiogs of the pronounced both the father and the • wood, without seeming to be tired. son to have been bewitched. At the • After this be followed and attended sale of the effects a neighbour pur! me every where, so as to become chased the boots, and on putting • troublesome, I not being able to go them on experienced the like dread• to any place without his tracing my ful symptoms with the father and • steps, so that one day he even came son ; a skilful physician, however, 1 • to find me in the church. Another being sent for, who had heard of the • time, as he was passing by the rece preceding atfair, suspected the cause, • tor's window, he heard me talking and, by applying proper remedies, • in the room; and, as he found recovered 'bis patient. The fatal • the door open, he entered, climbed boots were now carefully examined, • up stairs, and marching in, gave a and the two fangs of the snahe were • loud burst of joy, to the no small discovered to have been left in the : affright of the family.

leather with the poison-bladders adTam sorry, in relating such plea: hering to them. They had pedesing traits of my good and faithful trated entirely through, and both the • friend Jacquot, when I reflect that father and son had imperceptibly • it was myself that first dissolved scratched themselves with their points • the sweet friendship; but it was ne. in pulling off the boots.” p.73, 74. 'cessary that I should separate bim The voracious nature of ide mack. by force. Poor Jacquot fancied him. rel is thus exemplified:

self as free in the best apartments “ Mackrel are said to be fond of . as in his own, and after several ac- buman flesh. Pontoppidao informs cidents of that kind, he was shut up, us, that a sailor belonging to a ship

and I saw him no more. His inqui- lying in one of the harbours on the • etude lasted above a year, and he coast of Norway, went into the wa• died from vexation. He was be- ter to wash himself; when he was • come as dry as a bit of wood, as suddenly missed by his companions • I ain told, for I would not see him, In the course of a few minutes, how. • and his death was concealed from ever, he was seen on the surface with • me for more than two months after vast numbers of these fish fastened • the event. Were I to recount all on him. The people went in a boat the friendly incidents between me to his assistance; and though, when • and poor Jacquot, I should not, in they got him up, they forced with • four days, have done writing. He some difficulty the fishes from him, . died in the third year of the reign they found it was too late ; for the

of friendship, aged seven years and poor fellow, very shortly afterwards, two months',' p.514-517.

expired." p. 142, 443.

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The subjoined manners of the bu- that had been dead six hours was rying-beetle is taken from M. Gle. placed in the middle of the cucurditch, a well known writer on natu- bit; in a few moments the beetles ral history.

quitted their holes and traversed the “ This gentleman had at different body. After a few hours, one pair times observed, that moles which had of the beetles only was seen about been left upon the ground after they the bird, the largest of which was sus. had been killed, very unaccount. pected to be the male. They began ably disappeared. He therefore was their work in hollowing out the earth determined to ascertain by experi- from under the bird. They arranged ment, if possible, what could be the a cavity the size of the bird, by cause of this singular occurrence. pushing all around the body the earth

“ On the twenty-fifth of May, he which they removed. To succeed in accordingly obtained a dead mole, these efforts, they leaned themselves which he placed on the moist soft strongly upon their collars, and, bendearth of bis garden, and in two days ing down their heads, forced out the he found it sunk to the depth of four earth around the bird like a kind of fingers' breadth into the earth : it was rampart. The work being finisbed, in the same position in which he had and the bird having fallen into the placed it, and its grave corresponded hollow, they covered it, and thos exactly with the length and breadth closed the grave. of its body. The day following this “ It appeared as if the bird moved grave was half filled up; and be drew alternately its bead, its tail, its wings, out the whole cautiously, which ex- or feet. Every time that any of these haled a horrible stenchi, and found, movements were observed, the efforts directly under it, little holes in that the beetles made to draw the which were four beetles of the pre- body into the grave, which was now sent species. Discovering at this nearly completed, might be remarktime nothing but these beetles, he puted: in effecting this, they jointly them into the hollow, and they quick drew it by its feathers below. This ly bid themselves among the earth. operation lasted full two hours, when He then replaced the mole as he the smallest or male beetle, drore found it, and having spread a little away the female from the grave, and sostearth over it, leit it without looks would not allow her to return, forcing at it again for the space of six ing her to enter the hole as often as days. On the 12th of June be again she attempted to come out of it. took up the same carcase, which he * This beetle continued the work found in the highest state of corrup- alone for at least five hours: and it tion, swarming with small, thick, was truly astonishing to observe the whitish worms, that appeared to be great quantity of earth that he rethe family of the beetles. These moved in that time: but the surprise circumstances induced him to sup- of Mr. G. was much augmented when pose that it was the beetles that had he saw the little animal, stiffening its thus buried the mole, and that they collar, and exerting all its strength, had done this for the sake of lodging lift up the bird, make it change its in it their offspring.

place, turn, and in some measure ar" Mr. G. then took a glass cucur- range it in the grave that it had prebit, and half filled it with moist earth, pared; which was so spacious, and into this he put the four beetles with so far cleared, that he could perceive their young, and they immediately exactly under the bird all the moveconcealed themselves. This cucur- ments and all the actions of the bit, covered with a cloth, was placed beetle. on the open ground, and in the “ From time to time the beetle, course of fifty days the four beetles coming out of its hole, mounted upon interred the bodies of four frogs, three the bird, and appeared to tread it small birds, two grasshoppers, and one down; then returning to the charge, mole, besides the entrails of a tish, it drew the bird more and more into and two morsels of the lungs of an the earth till it was sunk to a consi.

derable depth. The beetle, in con“ Or the mode in which they per- sequence of this uninterrupted 12formed this very singular operation, bour, appeared to be tired; leaning the following is an account. 'A linnet its head upon the earth, it continued



in that position near an hour, without

PREFACE. motions and it then retired completely under ground,

" It will naturally be expected at “Early in the morning the body was the beginning of such a work as the drawn entirely under ground, to the present, that an account of the indepth of two fingers' breadth, in the tention with which it has been drawn same position that it had when laid up, and the plan upon which it has on the earth; so that this little corpse been executed, should be laid before seemed as if it were laid out on a its readers. My grand object has bier, with a small mount or rampart been, to provide materials for a more all round, for the purpose of covering profitable and pleasing, perusal of our it. In the evening the bird was sunk Sacred Books, particularly in the faabout half a finger's breadth deeper mily, than it is possible io attain by into the earth; and the operation was reading them in the divisions into continued for near two days more, which they are at present thrown. when the work obtained its final com- These divisions, it should always be pletion.

remembered, rest wholly upon human “ A single beetle was put into the authority, and therefore no fair obglass cucurbit with the body of a jection can lie against any new ar. mole, and covered, as, before, with a rangement, by which it is probable fine linen cloth. About seven o'clock the edification of christian families in the morning, the beetle had drawn may be promoted. Not the smallest the head of the mole below; and, in reflection is intended upon the lapushing the earth backward, had bours of those excellent men who formed a pretty high rampart around put the scriptures into the form in it. The interment was completed in which we now find them; but a humthis instance by four o'clock in the ble attempt is here inade, by placing afternoon, a space of time so short, the same divine materials in a new, that one could scarcely have ima- and with respect to families, in a gined possible by so small a creature, more convenient form, to promote without any assistance, considering the great end they had in view-a that the body of the mole must have sincere and ardent love for the word exceeded it in bulk and weight at of God. least thirty times.

" The basis of this work is a regu. “ While engaged in these experi- lar perusal of the Holy Scriptures ments, a friend who wished to dry a every day in the family, a practice toad in the shade, fixed it to a stick which I hope will not only be contiwhich he stuck into the ground. nued, but greatly increased amongst When it began to putrefy, the bee. my countrymen. We owe this to tles, allured by the smell, having God, who has condescended to give loosened the end of the stick that them us; and we owe it to ourselves, was fixed in the earth, brought it to our children, and dependants ; as the ground, and they then interred nothing will so effectually guard both the toad and ihe stick toge- them and us fron the snares of life, ther,” p. 211-215.

or communicate such support under To those who have a taste for the its afflictions and troubles, as the study of natural history, we consider precepts of the divine word, imthis will be found a very acceptable pressed upon our memories, and work,

made the constant rule of our actions : this cannot be expected, if we are not regular and constant in our

perusal of the Scriptures. The best CLXXI. THE SUBSTANCE of the forgotten : the deepest impressions

rules, seldom consulted, are soon Scriptures, methodized and divided made upon the heart, if they are not into Lessons for the Use of Families, frequently renewed, will be speedily on a Plan not hitherto attempled. By effaced. The Rev. EDMUND BUTCHER. 410. “ It is chiefly the pure word of

God which is here offered to the N order to give our readers a full christian. Many commentaries upon be necessary to transcribe his pre. of them have, doubtless, proved of

great use. It is not by this publica

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tion intended to disparage them; but ficult passage is sometimes cleared there are numbers of serious and ju- up. A number of brief notes are also dicious christians who think it best, introduced, sometimes of a critical, in their families at least, to read only but more frequently of an explanathe scriptures themselves, and of tory kind. them, only such parts as tend more " The gospels I have given in the directly to practical edification. To form of an harmony; by, this mesuch persons the present attempt is thod, while every thing which each peculiarly dedicated; and from such Evangelist has recorded is faithfully I shall hope for a large and candid preserved, a more striking general indulgence, both as to portions omit- view is communicated of the whole ted, and as to the arrangement of bistory of the great Redeemer than those which are retained. Far the can be derived from the perusal of greater part of the Bible will appear four separate narrations. Ai the same in these pages : indeed every part of time we ought to be thankful, that it which is not more directly of a the original history was given in the temporary nature, and which does form it bears in the New Testament, not require an elaborate comment to as the evidence of the truth of chrisexplain and render practically use. tianity is very essentially established ful.

by the diversified, yet consistent, tes. “ A great part of both the Old and timony of different witnesses. New Testaments being historical, the “ The beauties of the sacred vonarratives they contain form the basis lume are very numerous : merely to of the first and second parts of this collect passages as such, is totally fowork; and instead of any improve reign from the plan of this work, • ment' or reflections upon the se- which is devoted to family religion veral lessons into which it is divided, and improvement; but it will be repassages selected from the other parts marked with pleasure, by such as of the sacred writings are brought add to the devotional sentiment, a together, and so placed as to be read delicate taste, and a perception of the in connection with them; and thus various excellencies of biblical litera. the scriptures are, in a way not hi- ture, that a multitude of those beautherto attempted, made ibeir own ties will be found in the supplemental commentators. The third part of verses in general, and particularly in the work is collected from the pro- the third part of the work. phetic, preceptive, consolatory, and “ It is much to be wished, that doctrinal paris of scripture. These wherever it can be done, singing might are classed under distinct heads, and make a part of our daily devotional form nearly one hundred lessons of services. The charms of poetry are the same length in general with those never better employed than in raisin the historical department. This ing devout emotions, and in celebratpart of the work will, i natter inyself, ing the majesty, wisdom, love, and be very acceptable. A scriptural sys- other perfections of the Almighty. tem of doctrines and ethics will thus Young people especially have, in gebe formed, which, besides being neral, a relish for its beauties; and read in due course with the other les- it is an apostolic direction, is any sons in the family, may greatly assist cheerful, let him sing psalms. It the private meditations of the closet. is certain we never honour religion The lessons contained in the second or God more than when we are vir. and third parts will probably be tuously and innocently cheerful. To considered as most proper to be read assist in this pleasant and christian in a family on the Lord's day.

practice, I have taken no small pains “ The books of kings and Chro- in selecting, from a variety of sources nicles I have blended in one narra- hymns which, I hope, will, in genetive. The books of Jonah and Da- ral, be found suitable to the main niel being more historical and pro- subject of the lesson to which they phetic, I have placed in their chro- are subjoined. This is a brief outnological order; and for the same line of the present work, and I hope reason, some parts of the book of it will be found to possess the followJeremiah. Modern expressions have, ing advantages. in some instances, been substituted “ The scriptures will thus be read for obsolete ones, and by this a dif. in convenient, and I think, for a fau VOL. I.

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