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attack of the enemy on our advanced employed, under the command of the guard by their own exertions, they were Duke D'Abrantes in person, in which attacked in flank by Brigadier-General the enemy was certainly superior in Ackland's brigade in its advance to its cavalry and artillery, and in which position of the heights on the left, and not more than half of the British army a cantonade was kept up on the flank was actually engaged, he has sustained of the enemy's columns by the artillery a signal defeat, and has lost 13 pieces on those heights.
of cannon, 23 ammunition waggons, with At length, after a desperate contest, powder, shells, stores of all descriptions, the enemy was driven back in confus and 20,000 rounds of muskei ammuni. sion from this attack with the loss of tion. One general officer (Bernier) has seven pieces of cannon, many prisoners, been wounded and taken prisoner, and a and a great number of officers and sol- great many officers and soldiers bave diers killed and wounded. He was been killed, wounded and taken. pursued by the detachment of the 20th “ The valour and discipline of his light dragoons, but the enemy's caval. Majesty's troups have been conspicuous Ty were so much superior in numbers, upon this occasion, as you who witnesthat this detachment has suffered much, sed the greatest part of the action and Lieut. Col. Taylor was unfortu. must have observed ; but it is a justice nately killed,
to the following corps to draw your no. " Nearly at the same time the ene- tice to them in a particular manner.” my's attack commenced upon the heights Here the General particularly mentions on the road to Lourinha. This attack the 50th, 2d batt. 95th, 5th batt. Goth, was supported by a large body of caval. ad batt. 4 3d, 2d batt. 520, 97th, 36th, ry, and was made with the usual impe. 4oth, 7ist, and 82d; and after warmly tuosity of the French troops. It was praising the conduct of Gen. Spencer, seceived with steadiness by Major.-Gen, and the other General and staff-officers, Ferguson's brigade, consisting of the and stating that a French General Ofi. 36th, 4oth, and 71st regiments; and cer (supposed to be Thiebault, chief of these corps charged as soon as the ene. the staff) had been found dead on the my approached them, who gave way, field of battle, gives the following re. and they continued to advance upon turn of the killed, wounded, and mishim, supported by the 32d, one of the sing: Killed, Royal artillery, a privates corps of Brigadier Gen. Nightingale's 20th Light Dragoons, Lieut. Col. brigade, which, as the ground extended, Taylor, 19 privates, 30 horses-39th afterwards formed a part of the first Foot, 7 privates--40th, 6 privates-line, by the 29th regiment, and by Bri. zist, 12 privates-29th, privatesogadier Gen. Bowes's and Ackland's bri- 820, Lieut. R. Donkin, and 7 privates gades, while Gen. Crawford's brigade, -50th, Capt. G. A. Cooke, i serjeant, and the Portugueze troops, in two lines 18 privates-:5th batt. 6oth, 14 privates advanced along the height on the left, --2d batt. 95th, I serjeant, 5 privates In the advance of Maj.-Gen. Ferguson's --2d batt. 43d, i serjeant, 26 privates brigade, six pieces of cannon were taken -2d batt, 52d, 3 privates-97th, 4 pri. from the enemy, with many prisoners, vates--20th, Lieut. Brooke. Wounded. and vast numbers were killed and General Staff, Capt. Hardinge, s7th wounded.
Foot, Deputy. Assistant.Quarter-Mas“The enemy afterwards made an at- ter General - Royal Artillery, 2 pri. tempt to recover part of his artillery, by vates, and two horses--20th light draattacking the 71st and 82d regiments, goons, 2 serjeants, 22 privates, io hor. which were halted in 2- valley in which ses-36th, Capt. Hobart, Lieuts. Hart, it had been taken. These regiments Lought, and Edwards, and Ensign Boretired from the low grounds in the sell, all slightly, Lieut, and Adjutant valley to the heights, where they halted, Povah, severely, I serjeant, 1 drumfaced about, fired, and advanced upon mer, and 34 privates--40th, Capt. the enemy, who had by that time arriv. Smith and Lieut, Frankly, slightly, 2 ed in the low ground, and they thus oc serjeants, and 28 privatesogist, Capt. bliged him again to retire with greatloss. A. Jones, Major M-Kenzie, Lieuts. W.
" In this action, in which the whole Hartly, R. Dudgeon, and A. S. M'In. of the French force in Portugal was tyre, and Ensign W. Campbell, all
slightly; Lieut. Pratt, and acting Ad. are the English, and behind them is the jutant R. MacAlpin, severely, 6 ser- sea-be cool and steady, you have only jeants, and 86 privates--29th, Brigade. to drive them into it!" The order isMajor A. Creagh, 1 serjeant, io privates sued by Sir Arthur Wellesley was brief. -820, 2. serjeants, and st privates- ly and simply this :-—“ My brave counsoth, Major Charles Hill, Lieuts. John trymen! drive the French out of the Kent, John Wilson, and Robert Way, passes on the road to Lisbon.” i serjeant, 1 drummer, and 61 privates When the French General Bernier fell ---5th batt. 6oth, Lieuts, G, Kirk, Lewis by his wound, the soldiers of the 71st Raith, i serjeant, 21 privates--2d.batt. regiment, who were immediately upon 95th, Lieut. Pratt, Ensign W. Cox, 13 him, in the heat of their fury, were about privates—2d batt. 9th, 1 serjeant, 14 to bayonet him, when corporal Ross inprivates—2d batt. 43d, Major Hearne, terfered to restrain his comrades, and to Capts. Ferguson, Brock, and Haverfield, save the fallen General. Bernier imme. Lieut. Madden, Ensign Wilson, 5 sera diately offered his purse to his protector, jeants, 2 drummers,68 privates-2d batt. who nobly refused it, saying, that to 52d, Capt. Ewart, Lieut. Bell, 2 save a fallen enemy was a priociple of jeants, 3i privates--97th, Major J. Wile feeling, as well as of duty in a British son, Lieut. Kettlewell, 2 serjeants, 14 · soldier. When Bernier was conveyed privates-2d or Queen's, i serjeant, 6 to Col. Pack, the commander of Ross's privates—20th, Lieut, Hog, 5 privates, regiment, he expressed his admiration Missing. Royal Engineers, first Lieut. and gratitude for this generous conduct Wells—20th. Light Dragons, Capt. Eu- in the strongest terms; and at the same stace, s drummer, 9 privates, 1 horse- time eviticed considerable surprise that 36th Foot, I serjeant, i private--40th, a French General, having on his full uni6 privates--56th, 2 privates--- 5th batt. form and epaulets, should not have been both, 10 privates—2d batt. 96th, 3 pri- plundered or maltreated, Col. Pack invates—2d batt. 43d, i drummer, 12 formed him, that if such was the pracprivates-2d batt. 52d, 2 privates—20th, tice the French soldiers were accustomi private.
ed to, he hoped that many of their offi. Abstract of the Return--4 officers kil. cers would, like him, have the opportuled, 37 wounded, 2 missing-3 non- nity of teaching them a better system, commissioned officers and drummers from the experience of the more honourkilled, 31 wounded, 3 missing, 128 rank able habits of Britons. and file killed, 446 wounded, 46 mis- When Gen. Ferguson led his men to sing-43 horses killed, wounded and the attack, he advanced some distance missing. Total officers, non-commis. in front, took off his hat, and waved it, sioned officers and drummers, rank and that his person might be distinguished file, and horses, killed, wounded and by the whole brigade. Col. Lake fell missing, 783.
most nobly, as he led his grenadiers Ordnance and Ammunition taken-six i through one of the passes, the difficul. pounder, 4 four pounders, 2 three ties of which defy all description. The pounders, 6 five and half-inch howitzers, 36th, commanded by Col. Burne, per2 ammunition waggons, 21 Portugueze formed prodigies. He had enjoined his ammunition cars, 40 horses, 4 mules. men, it seems, to withhold their fire, This only the artillery received in the but as the enemy continued firing with park; s'more were taken. The am- great effect, one or two young soldiers munition waggons and cars contained discharged their muskets---Col. Burne a portion of powder, shells, and stores immediately called out, “ If I knew the of all descriptions, and about 20,000 fellow who has just fired, I would knock pounds of musket ammunition.
him down." This remark, at a moment
when so many were knocked down by Thus far the Gazette.-— The following the enemy's bullets, excited no small particulars are communicated in letters degree of merriment among his men, notfrom officers who were engaged in the withstanding the awfulness of the scene. battle of the 21st :
The charge of the 20th dragoons was Junot harangued his troops in the most masterly; had there been a larger morning, and immediately before the force of cavalry, the whole of the enea battle, said to then--" Comrades, there my's force must have been annihilated.
At the conclusion of the battle, such children; the restoration of your law. was the enthusiasm excited by the result ful Prince ; the independence, nay, the among our Generals, that they all to a very existence of your kingdom, and man went ap to Sir A. Wellesley, con- for the preservation of your holy reli. gratulating him on his success, and ex- gion ; objects like these can only be atclaiming, " This, General, is all your tained by distinguished examples of forwork !"—The men sympathised with titude and constancy. their leaders, and loudly expressed their The noble struggle against the tyransatisfaction that their old General, as ny and usurpation of France, will be they called him, had won the battle. jointly maintained by Portugal, Spain,
It is but justice to say, that in both and England; and in contributing to the battles the French fought with great success of a cause so just and glorious, bravery, particularly the grenadiers of the views of his Britannic Majesty are Junot's guard, nearly 300 of whom were the same as those by which you are found lying dead on the very spot on yourselves animated. which they were drawn up.
(Signed) By the official dispatches, (tho' pot
ARTHUR WELLESLEY. mentioned in the Gazette) we learn, Lavos, Aug. 4th, 1808. that Gen. Kellerman came to the British
The proclamation of Admiral Cotton camp on the morning of the 22d of Au. gust, with a flag of truce from Gen. Ju. by the following address to the French
and Sir A. Wellesley was accompanied not, in order to treat for a capitulation. The General remained till the 24th, army from the Portugueze General :when he set out for the head-quarters of
PROCLAMATION, Jonot with the terms proposed by the Of the General commanding the PortuBritish Commander. In the mean time gueze Army, to the Soldiers of the a truce had been granted to the French
French army in Portugal. for six days from the 24th. The head " Soldiers of the French army ! quarters of the British army were at The moment is now arrived to speak Torres Vedras on the 26th, the Portu. openly to those who have hitherto reguese were posted at Maceira, and the fused to listen to the language of reaFrench at Mafra.
son. Open your eyes, Soldiers, to the
deep abyss of evils which is formed unThe following proclamation was is. der your feet, through the foolish ambi. sued by Admiral Cotton and Sir Ar- tion of your EMPEROR, the impolicy, thur Wellesley, previous to military o- the avarice, the sanguinary barbarity, perations :
of your Generals. Listen to the voice,
the cry of an army, which has proved, By the Commander in Chief of his that a man may be a soldier, and yet Britannic Majesty's forces employed humane; that in the same heart may to assist the Loyal inhabitants of the be united the most intrepid bravery Kingdom of Portugal.
with religion and morality. What do you PEOPLE OF PORTUGAL!
hope for, from the Portugueze armies, The time is arrived to rescue your the brave English, or the high spirited Country, and to restore the Government Spaniards, our dear allies, sworn eneof your lawful Prince. His Britannic mies to your government, which, by Majesty, our moșt gracious King and the greatest atrocity, has outraged the Master, has, in compliance with the one and persecuted the other; to forge wishes aod ardent supplications for suc- chains for your country, or to perish in cour from all parts of Portugal, sent to the field of battle? What a frightful alyour aid a British army, directed to co- ternative! It is nevertheless your fate. operate with his fleet, already on your But an allied and betrayed Prince! But
an hospitable and pillaged people! But The British soldiers who land upon a pacific and assassinated nation! These your shore do so with equal sentiments demand our vengeance. There remains of friendship, faith, and honour. but one way of avoiding so cruel a ca.
The glorious struggle in which you lamity: Abandon your colours ; come are erz-ged is for all that is dear to and join our army; if you do so, in the man—the protection of your wives and name of the Prince, in the name of the
People, I promise that you shall be rant a belief that it was not in sufficient treated as friends, and that you shall force to hazard a contest with the one day have the pleasure of returning French array, which is stated 10 exceed to your homes and to your families, 40,000 men; and the Corunna Gazette who are distracted with grief at having states that the French, learning that Gen. lost you. This advice can neither be Blake was still at Astorga, had re-posconsidered as contrary to duty or ho. sessed themselves of Burgos. The Gal. nour, if it is properly understood. But, lician arıny consists of 30,000 men.soldiers, if there be any among you Cuesta was at Valladolid with about that are so insensible to the sweet e- 2000 cavalry. Gen. Castanos had lett motions of religion and humanity, that Madrid to join him. The Duke del Inthey will not leave their posts, such fantado and Col. Doyle, who was with monsters are at best a heavy burden to the Gallician army, had set out from the universe; they are well worthy of the Astorga for Madrid on business of great cause they defend, and the recompence importance. that awaits them. Soldiers, make your
ARRAGON. determination while you have an oppor. It has been supposed that it is not the tunity ; ours is made.-(Signed.) intention of the French to evacuate
“ BENARDIN FREIRE D'ANDRADA. Spain, but to occupy the line of the " Dated at the Head-quarters of the Por- Ebro, trom its source to its mouth,
which almost intersects the north of tuguese Army, August 10. 1808.
Spain, from the mountains of Asturias
to the Mediterranean. The possession SPAIN.
of Saragossa would however be necesNEW AND OLD CASTILE.
sary to the execution of this plan, and The Spanish Gazettes contain a va. that they are not likely to obtain. They riety of particulars respecting the eva. have been defeated in another, and we cuation of Madrid by the French, but believe a last attack on that city. In there is nothing new in them. There the Madrid Gazette Extraordinary of were some popular disturbances after the 18th of August is a letter from Gen. the departure of the French, but order Palafox to the Governor of the Council, was soon restored, and the people came dated head.quarters, Saragossa, August forward in multitudes to be embodied, 14th, in which he says—" I have the in pursuance of an order for the enrol. satisfaction to inform you, that the French ment and arming of all from 16 to 50. army which, during two months, afflictGen. Castanos, with the first division of ed this city, practising the most shamethe patriots from Andalusia and Valen. ful conduct ever witnessed, abandoned, cia, entered Madrid on the oth of Aug. early this morning, an immense quanand, after making the necessary arrange- tity of artilli ry, ammunition, provisions, ments for the maintenance of public and other articles. The enemy attempi. tranquillity, proceeded to follow the ed, during the night, a new attack on route of the enemy. The latter made the narrow position which I occupied, no halt at Segovia; evacuating also Val- but was defeated by the brave troops ladolid and Placentia, they fell back u- under my' command, who defended it pon Burgos, Penurvo, and Vittoria.- with such courage that he was obliged Joseph Bonaparte had left the army, and to fly with precipitation.” He adds, returned to France. The Gallician ar- that he had sent 4000 men to cut off the my, the head-quarters of which were at enemy from the road to Navarre, where Astorga, had advanced in pursuit of other troops and armed peasantry were Bessieres, who, with 15,000 men enter- to assemble ; and that 4000 more, with ed Burgos on the sathi, where he found 6000 which had that day arrived from the rear.guard of Joseph's army, under Valencia, were to continue the pursuit Gen. Moncey; but subsequent accounts of the rear-guard, to prevent them at state that the French left Burgos on the least from committing their usual exzih, in consequence of a summons sent cesses in the towns through which they ihem by Generals Cuesta and Blake, might pass. There was a great rejoicing who were to enter the town next day, at Saragossa on occasion of this final The advances of the Gallician army, triumph, and a solemn thanksgiving was however, have been so slow, as to war. ordered for the 15th.
na, with every prospect of success.We have now to announce the rising from the extreme scarcity of provisions, of this province in the patriotic cause, the disaffection of the inhabitants, and so long withheld from declaring itself the desertion of the troops, it is believed by its local circumstances and situation. that it cannot long hold out. Several The chief persons of the province form. bodies of troops advancing to its relief ed themselves into a junta at Bilboa, and have been cut off by the Spaniards. To their first act was to issue a spirited de- supply the present necessities, and pro. claration, calling on the people to emu. vide for the wants of the patriotic army, late their brethren in arins, and to imic the Junta of the province have ordered tate the conduct of their ancestors, and the estates situated in it belonging to exhorting them to hurl vengeance and Bonaparte's minion the Prince of Peace, destruction on the head of their oppres. to be sold by auction, or let out at rent. sors. At first they were in want of arms His valuable flocks of sheep in Asturias and ammunition, but the supplies fur. have been sold by order of the Junta of nished by our squadron enabled a con- that province. siderable body to take the field. Their
ANDALUSIA. rising seems, however, to have been still The Madrid Gazette states, that Du. rather premature. The moment it was pont having pressed for the immediate heard of, 8000 French troops were de- embarkation of his troops, agreeably, to tached from Vittoria against Bilboa, a. the capitulation, the Governor of Cadiz bout the 14th of Aug. The inhabitants, answered, that the want of transports unsupported by regular troops, after a rendered it impossible, and besides that galiant resistance, were obliged to yield, it was not likely that the English would but obtained honourable terms of capi- permit their passage, Gen. Castanos not tulation ; but these were totally disre. having undertaken positively to obtain garded by the French, who, on entering their consent, but merely to use his in. the city, plundered it of every thing fuence with the English Government valuable, and returned to Vittoria with for that purpuse. According to another their bouty. Subsequent accounts from account, however, Dupont had arrived Gijon state, that another attack had at Port St Mary on the 14th of August, been made by the enemy on Bilboa, but for the purpose of embarking there, and that they had been forced to make a his baggage having set out for the camo speedy retreat, having lost 1400 men. place, some of the plunder, consisting of On the same day that they first entered church-plate, fell out of the cases, the the place, Capt. Towers, of the Iris fri. appearance of which so enraged the pogate, is said to have landed, spiked 43 pulace, that they immediately stopped pieces of cannon, and destroyed 500 bar- the waggons, and repossessed themselves rels of powder.
own property. Although the On the rising of the inhabitants of British Government would be warrantBilboa, they sent to Major Roche, re ed in preventing the return of the French questing him to hasten to them with suc. to Rochefort, yet, out of deference to cours. He complied, but arrived on the the Spanish Commander, it is, we un. 15th of Aug. only to witness the defeat derstand, determined not to interfere of the Spaniards, of whom only about with the execution of the capitulation. 2000 were engaged with the French The prisoners, on their march, were ob. force (about 8000) from Vittoria. The liged always to encamp in the open Major returned to Gijon on the 27th. fields, being in constant apprehension The French committed the most horri- of an attack from the people, whom ble atrocities in Bilboa.—They conti- their multiplied excesses had extremely nued in possession on the 29th. The exasperated. Dupont was to have been Spaniards were preparing to attack them, Governor of Cadiz, and had with him a but it was believed that they would pre- numerous train of rapacious rascals, to viously evacuate the city. Major Roche, fill all the lucrative employments, civil it appears, has since repaired to Biscay and military. with ample supplies of arms and ammu In consequence of the attack of the
populace, as above stated, upon what CATALONIA.
Dupont called his baggage, he wrote an The Spaniards are besieging Barcelc- insolent letter to Don Thomas Morla, Sept. 1808.