Obrazy na stronie

were condemned by the fourth Late- the opportunity now afforded of bring ran council.

ing forward a considerable number of “ His followers, the Joachiinites, articles which were received too late were particularly fond of certain ter to be inserted in the former; togenaries. The Father, they said, ope ther with many important additions rated from the beginning until the and corrections since made, in concoming of the Son; the Son from that sequence of further researches, and time to their's, viz. the year 1260; the friendly commusications of vaand the Holy Spirit then took it up, rious correspondents. The chief adand was to operate in his turn They ditions which I have made are from likewise divided every thing relating scarce funeral sermons and lives, to men, doctrine, and manner of which have fallen into my bands living into three classes, according to since the work was first published, the three persons of the Trinity. The and from the farewel sermons of the first ternary was that of men; of whom, most distinguished of the London mithe first class was that of married nisters, the extracts from which, in men, which had lasted during the some instances, will supply the dewhole period of the Father; the se fects in the biographical narratives, cond was that of clerks, which lasted and throw considerable light on the during the time of the Son; and the characters of the men. Some newlises last was that of Monks, wherein was have also been inserted, principally to be an uncommon effusion of grace from Mr. Cotton Mather's History by the Holy Spirit. The second ter of New England, the most considernary was that of doctrine, viz. the able of which is that of Mr. Joha Old Testament, the New, and the Bailey, whose name had not been everlasting Gospel; the first they before mentioned. ascribed to the Father, the second to “ Many other additions and cor. the Son, and the third to the Holy rections have been received since the Spirit. A third ternary consisted in circulation of the proposals for this the manner of living, viz. under the new edition, from different persons, Father, men lived according to the to whom particular acknowledge flesh; under the Son, they lived ac ments will be made in the close ; as cording to the flesh and the spirit; likewise to others who may hereafter and under the Holy Glost, they contribute towards the perfection of were to live according to the spirit this work. But in this place must only.” p. 402.

be mentioned the special obligations which the public are under to Mr.

Isaac James, of Bristol, who has beCLXIV. The Nonconformist's stowed great pains in examining ya.

MEMORIAL; being an Account of rious records which had not before the Lives, Sufferings, and printed been consulted. Works of the Two thousand Ministers “ Besides the above improvements, ejected from the Church of England, the reader must be informed, that chirfly by the Act of Uniformity, greater liberties have now been taken Aug, 24, 1666. Originally writien than had been before, with the oriby EDMUND CALAMY, D.D. A- ginal composition, which has been bridged, corrected, and methodized, amended throughout; so that this with many additional Anecdotes, and may be considered as being, in a several new Lives, by SAMUEL manner, a new work; which is men. PALMER. Embellished with the tioned to satisfy such persons as have Heads of the principal Divines, chiefly intimated that the improvements in from original Pictures, 2d Edition, this edition should have been sepavol. I. and II. (to be compleied in rately printed for the accommoda3 vols.)

tion of those who were possessed of

the former. HE of

In consequence of the great edition, and the improvements quantity of new matter which has introduced in it, may be seen by the been ivtroduced, it was found neces. following extract from the postscript sary to make an additional volume. to the former preface.

It is to be regrelled that this edition “Being encouraged by the increas. is so much more expensive than the ing demand for this work to under- former was: but if the additional take a new edition; I gladly embrace price of paper, which is now doubled,



and the increased expence of print. tinue his studies till the afternoon ing, be duly considered, this will be was pretty far advanced; when he allowed to have been unavoidable." went abroad, and spent the evening

As specimens of this work, which at the house of some friend ; at none may be unknown to many of our more frequently than Alderman Ashreaders, we subjoin the two following hurst's. At such times he would be articles; and would only here add, exceedingly, but innocently merry, that the portraits we have hitherto very much diverting both himself and seen are in general well executed, his company. After supper, when it and some of them beautiful.

was near time to go home, he would “ Matthew Pool, M. A. of Eman. say, :Now let us call for a reckon. Col. Camb. son of Francis Pool, Esq. ing;' and then would begin some born in the city of York. Richard, very serious discourse ; and when he 'the grandfather, was descended of the found the company was composed ancient family of the Poles *, of and serious, he would take his leave Spinkhill, in Derhyshire. Being drive of them. This course was very seren thence upon occasion of his incli- viceable to his health, and enabled nation to the Reforination, he lived him to go through the great fatigue at Sike-house, and afterwards at Drax of his studies, and it seems a noble Abbey, in Yorkshire, near which example of the utile dulci. Were place Mr. Matthew Pool had 100l. the mirth of our conversation always per ann. left him by his father, who so closed, it would leave no uneasy married Alderman Toppin's daughter, reflections behind. of York. He was very facetious in his " When Dr. Oates's Depositions, conversation, very true to his friend, &c. were printed, Mr. Pool found very strict in his piety, and universal in his own name in the list of persons his charity. He set on foot a good and who were to be cut off, as was supgreat project for maintaining young posed, for what he had written against men of ability, studiousness, and piety the Roman Catholics. This gave at the universities, in the study of him not the least concern, till one divinity. He had the approbation of night having been at the Alderman's, the heads of houses in both of them, he took one Mr. Chorley to bear him and nominated such excellent per- company home; when they came to sons for trustees, and solicited so the narrow passage from Clerkenearnestly, that in a little time, about well to St. John's Court, two men 9001. per ann, was procured for that stood at the entrance, one of whom purpose. Dr. Sherlock, Dean of St. cried out, · Here he is. Upon which Paul's, was one of those that were the other said, “Let him alone, for educated on this foundation. But there is somebody with him.' Mr. this design was quashed by the Re- Pool asked his friend whether he storation.

heard what those men said ; adding, “ Mr. Pool succeeded Dr. Tuck- • I had been murdered to-night, had ney, at St. Michael's, where he con not you been with me.' This raised tinued about fourteen years, till the in him such an apprehension of his Bartholomew act passed, and was a danger, as occasioned him soon aftervery diligent preacher and a hard wards to retire to Holland, where he student. With ten years indefati- ended his days. But whether or no gable study he finished his Synopsis by a natural death has been doubted. Criticorum, in five large volumes, fo- It was generally suspected he was lio, which Mr. Wood owns to be an poisoned. He died at Amsterdam, admirable and useful work; adding, October 1679, aged 56.-His great that the author left behind him the work on the Bible, is deservedly held • character of a celebrated critic and in high estimation. It includes not 'casuist. While he was drawing up only an abridgment of the Critici this work, and his English annota- Sacri, but extracts from a great numtions, it was his usual custom to rise ber of treatises and pamphlets that at three or four o'clock, and take a might have been otherwise lost. It raw egg about eight or nine, and was undertaken by the advice of another about twelve ; then to con Bishop Lloyd, and patronized by

Archbishop Tillotson, and be ob* So, it seems, the family name was ori- tained a royal patent for the sole ginally spelt, as a correspondent informs the printing of it. Mr. Granger says Editor.

of it, The plan was judicious,



' and the execution

free value upon himself. In regard to the ' from error than seems consistent charities he procured, he would ra.

with so great a work being finished ther impute them to any, who had • by one man in so short a time',” the least concern in obtaining them, p. 167–169.

than assume any thing to himself “ Thomas Gouge, M. A, of Eaton When he quitted his living of St. Se. School, and King's College, Oxford, pulchre's, upon some dissatisfaction son of the eminent Dr. William Gouge, about the terms of conformity, he of Blackfriars. He was born at Bow, forbore preaching; saying, • There near Stratford, Middlesex. After he was no need of him in London; and had taken bis degrees, he left the 'that he thought he might do as university and his fellowship, being much or more good in another presented to the living of Colsden, in way, which could give no offence. Surry, where he continued two or Though afterwards, (being better three years, and then removed to St. satisfied of some things he had doubled Sepulchre's, in London, in 1638, a of before,) he had licence from some large and populous parish, in which, of the bishops to preach in Wales

, with solicitude and pains, he dis. when he took his annual journey charged all the duties of a faithful thither, where he saw great need of minister twenty-four years. Besides it, and thought he might do it with his constant preaching, he was dili- great advantage ainong the poor, oa gent and charitable in visiting the account of his charities there. He sick; not only ministering spiritual was clothed with humility, and had counsel and comfort to them, but li. in a most eminent degree that orna. berally relieving the necessities of the ment of a meek and quiet spirit. He poor. Every morning through the was not only free from anger and year, he catechized in the church, bitterness, but from all affected grachiefly the poorer sort, who were ge- vity and moroseness. His convernerally the most ignorant, and espe- sation was affable and pleasant. A cially the aged, who had most leisure. wonderful serenity of mind was visiTo encourage them to come for in- ble even in his countenance. He was struction, he once a week distributed bardly ever merry, but never sad; money among them; but changed and upon all occasions appeared the the day, to oblige them to a constant same: always cheerful, and always attendance. As for the poor, who kind; ready to embrace and oblige were able to get their own living, he all men; and if they did but sear set them to work, buying flax and God and work righteousness

, he hearhemp for them to spin. He paid tily loved them, how distant soever them for their work, and sold it as from him in judgment about things he could among his friends. By this less necessary, and even in opinions means he rescued many from idle that he held very dear. ness, poverty, and vice. This course “ But the virtue which shoue the of his gave the first hint to Mr. T. Fir- brightest in him, and was his most min of that plan of his for employing proper and peculiar character, was the poor, which met with such gene his charity to the poor. God blessed ral applause.

him with a good estate, and he was “Mr. Gouge's piety towards God, liberal beyond most men in doing the necessary foundation of all other good with it; which indeed be made virtues, was great and exeinplary, yet the great business of his life, to which still and quiet; much more in sub: be applied himself with 'as much stance than in shew. It did not con. constancy and diligence as other men sist in finding fault with others, but labour at their trades. He sustained in the due government of his own

great loss by the fire of London, so life and actions ; exercising himself ihat (when his wife died, and he had continually to have a conscience void settled his children) he had but 150). of offence towards God and man; in

per ann. left; and even then he con which he was such a proficient, stantly disposed of 1001. in works of that, after a long and familiar ac- charity. (He had a most singular quaintance with him, it was not easy sagacity and prudence in devising the to discern any thing in him which deserved blame.

* The words distinguished as above, it is So great was his moclesty, that he never appeared, had himself expressed his full assent 288

to be remembered, are those of one who either by word or action, to put any consent.

and in disposing of his charity to the for the greatest in England; viz. greatest extent, and the best pur- Christ's Hospital, where he used freposes; always, if possible, making it quently to catechise the poor chilserve some end of piety or religion : dren; and Wales, where he used to e.ş. instructing poor children in the travel every year (and sometimes principles of religion, and furnishing twice in the year) to spread knowgrown persons, who were ignorant, ledge, picty, and charity. with the Bible, and other good books; " A certain author* insinuates, that strictly obliging those to whom he his charities in Wales were only to gave them, to a diligent reading of serve a party, and that the visible efthem, and enquiring afterwards how fect of thein is, the increase of the they had profited. In his occasional disseniers. This reflection on his mealms to the poor, the relief he gave mory is as false as it is invidious. them was always mingled with good for he was so far from that narrowcounsel, and as great a compassion ness of spirit, or bigotry to the intefor their souls as their bodies; which, rest of the dissenters, that he proin this way, often had the best ef- cured the Church Catechism, with a fects. For the nine or ten last years practical exposition of it, and the of his life, he almost wholly applied Common Prayer, to be printed in his charity to Wales, where he thought Welch, and freely given to the poor; there was the most occasion for it; as well as The Whole Duty of Man, and he took great pains to engage The Practice of Piety, and other the assistance of other persons in his practical books, containing such own designs,] and to stir up the rich, things only as good Christians are in whom he had any interest, to generally agreed in, and not one to works of charity in general; urging persuade people to nonconformity. them to devote at least the tcath of If the growth of dissenters, in Wales, their estates to this use.

be an effect of the increase of know“ When he was between sixty and ledge there, we cannot help that. seventy years of age, he used to tra- They, whose consciences are enlightvel into Wales, and disperse consi- ened and moved by the word of God, derable sums of money, both his own will be always disposed to pay á and what he collected from other greater veneration to divine truths persons, among the poor labouring and ordinances than to such usages persecuted ministers. [But the chiet as are merely human; and will be designs of his charity there, were to naturally apt to scruple those things have poor children taught to read that want the sacred impress of diand write, and carefully instructed vine authority. And if this gentlein the principles of religion; and to man thinks the best expedient to furnish persons grown up with the prevent this, is to keep the people in necessary means of religious know the same state of ignorance they ledge.] With a view to the former, were in during the period of which he settled three or four hundred his history treats, he has the papists schools in the chief towus; in many on his side, but it is hoped none that of which women were employed to understand Protestant principles. teach children to read, and he un “ While Mr. Gouge was doing all dertook to pay for some hundreds of this good, he was persecuted even in' children himself. With a view to the Wales, and excommunicated, for latter, he procured them Bibles, and preaching occasionally, though he other books of piety and devotion, had a licence, and though he went in their own language'; great numbers constantly to the parish churches and of which he got translated, and sent communicated there. But, for the to the chief towns, to be sold at easy love of God and men, he endured rates to those that were able to buy these and all the difficulties be met them, and given to such as were not. with, doing good with patience and In 1675 he procured a new and fair with pleasure. So that, all things impression of the Welch Bible and considered, there have not, since the liturgy, to the number of 8000; one primitive times of Christianity, been thousand of these were given away, inany among the sons of men to whom and the rest sold much below the common price. He used otten to say * Mr. Wymnes, in his edition of Powel's with pleasure that he had two liv: Hist. of Wales:

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that glorious character of the Son of Ere young Edwin reach'd home, the you God might be better applied, 'that mother with food . he went about doing good.' He

Came flying full speed to supply her your died suddenly in bis sleep, Oct. 29,

brood; 1681, aged 77. His funeral sermon was

But, ah! what a beart-piercing sight! preached by Dr. Tillotson, afterwards The ruffians had robb’d her of all that Archbishop of Canterbury, (from She chirp'd, and she call'd, but no mere which the above account is princi

could they hear, pally extracted.) Mr. Baxter says, And she mourn'd from the morn te de

He never heard any one person night. * speak one word to his dishonour,

As Joseph observ'd her, his soul it did met; * no not the highest prelatists them Oh the painful sensations that poor Joseph • selves, save only that he conformed

felt . not to their impositions'.” p. 184– In reviewing the deed that was done! 188.

He ran home in haste to restore thea

again, But, alas! they were dead, all his efforts

were vain CLXV. YOUTH'S MONITOR, in And his soul did in bitterness moan." Verse; in a Series of Little Tales,

P. 11–13. Emblems, Poems, and Songs, moral and divine. Many of them written " THE BOY AND THE WASP. for the Use of Sunday Schools. By

“ A headstrong boy, with wishful eye, JOHN BURTON.

Watch'd the meand'ring of a fly,

As in a room with soaring wing, (ONSIDERING these as the pro

It skimm'd and humm'd from thing ! duce of the leisure hours of

thing : young man, and as designed for young He often wish'd that he could gain it, people, we conceive our readers will At length endeavour'd to obtain it; not be displeased with the following Where tracing of its winding track, specimens.

First to one end, then turning back,

Till wearied out with fruitless toil,

He sat him down to rest awhile :

Soon for pursuit be up again, « The Bird's-Nest.

Labour'd and toild with anxious pain,

Until at length with eager grasp, "As Joseph and Edwin were walking one He gain’d his prize,-a vengeful wasp; day,

Which soon as caught, with dreadful spring, In the spring of the year, when the fields

Sent deep its perforating sting. were all gay,

See the poor boy, in dread surprise, And the songsters were fled to the grove :

Now writhing in deep agonies ; No murmur was heard, all was transport and

No more the golden fly delights him, joy,

But now its very sight affrights him.Save the chirp of young birds in a thicket

Such recent proof, conviction brings, haid by,

That wasps, though beautiful, bave stings!* Where the silver streams softly did move. They paus'd, and they listen'd, then fixed


“ Poor suffering boy, hadst thou but known On the place whence they thought might Ere thou hadst run the insect down, proceed the small noise,

The power it had to give thee pain, And agreed to explore the rude spot;

Thou would'st, methinks, have shunn'd the With limbs all alert, and with hearts full of

bane : glee,

Nor thus have toil'd to gain an adder, They sprang to the thicker, most anxious to

With wounding sting and pois’nous bladder. Could they find out the chirpers or noi.

their eyes


Said Joseph to Edwin, inspir'd with delight,
O Edwin, my boy, what a transporting

“ Too oft, alas! like this poor boy,

We grasp at many a seeming joy; Here's a nest of young birds, I declare it!

Which soon as gain'd we Yeel a dart Here, here, my brave play-mate, go run

Strike deep, and wound our inmost heart.” with them home,

P. 33, 34. And soon, my dear boy, I will joyfully

From a few " Miscellaneous Poems And the prize we will equally share it. for persons of riper years," which


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