Obrazy na stronie

and one great gangway, through which Edwards' Temperance Manual, 12,000; the paper is hoisted up, and another, Pilgrim's Progress, 27,000. In German, through which the Bibles, when finished, there are 70,000 volumes; in Spanish, are let down.

140,000; in French, 11,000; in Danish, On the sixth story, are most of the 2,500, and in Italian, 1,000. The total three hundred women, employed by the receipts for the year are $342,858; the establishment, in well-lighted, pleasant expenditures, $342,199. work-rooms, binding, stitching, or busy at Naturally, in operations on such a gigansome other work on the Bibles. These

tic scale, many a publication will be cirrooms, and the whole building, are well culated, not worthy a place among the aired, by contrivances for ventilation, and works of the Society. There should be by the large court within, around which more tracts issued on practical, everythe sides are built. It is heated by the day subjects. Tracts for the poor, on the steam-pipes, which connect with the boil preservation of health; tracts on the great ers, well-placed in the area, beyond the principles of business and social interpower of doing injury by explosion. course; tracts on economy, and punc

Here will go on this next year the im tuality, and cleanliness, as well as on mense operations of the society. Think higher matters. of it! over seven hundred thousand copies The American Home Missionary So of Bibles and Testaments were printed by ciety has for its objects, as substantially this Society last year, and since its founda stated in its Constitution, the support of tion some eight millions ! It began in 1816 puor Churches, and the preaching to the with printing 6,410; in its twelfth year, destitute within the United States. It it printed 134,607; in the twenty-fourth, proposes, also, at times, to help Home 157,261; and in the thirty-sixth, 666,015. Missions in foreign countries.

In the year 1273, it cost a laboring man The office of the Society is in the the wages of 14 years, to buy a Bible. American Tract Society building. The In 1816 the cheapest Bible was worth a number of missionaries in the employ dollar. Now a good plain Bible can be of the Society, during the last year, was bought for twenty-five cents, and a Testa 1,065, scattered through 28 different ment for 67 cents. The only Bible Society States and Territories. Of these, Illinois in the world, on a scale like this, is the has the most—117; and Maryland, GeorBritish and Foreign Bible Society.

gia, and Arkansas, the least; each, one. All these seven hundred thousand and The New England' States have 305; the odd books were sent out last year, be it re Middle States, 213; the Southern, 14; membered, to the poor man's bare home, and the Western States and Territories, to make it beautiful with patience and con 533. Their operations combine the tentment. This is the work, to which this itinerant system, as it is called, and great building, and all this wealth and the regular system. That is, some of labor are given. Who will not wish it the pastors employed go from district to God's blessing?

district, as they are needed; and others Another institution, corresponding in remain in fixed localities, like setcharacter, and equally grand in its opera tled clergymen. In number, 619 are tions, is the American Tract Society, given as regular pastors; 260 as preachwhose extensive “house” is on the cor ing to two

three congregations, ner of Nassau and Spruce streets, near each; and 186 as moving through wide the site of the old Bible House. During districts, within definite limits. Nine the last year, this body has sent out more missionaries are employed by the Society than two hundred and eighty millions in churches of colored people; and

sixty of pages. In the same time it has print- preach in foreign languages; 13 to Welsh cd over one million of volumes, and more and 39 to German congregations, and than ten millions of tracts, of which last others to the various foreign immi920,000 are in foreign languages. Since grants. its formation, it has printed about one The number of Sabbath School scholars hundred and thirty-one millions of tracts, connected with the Churches of the Soand over eight millions seven hundred ciety, is about 66,500. During the past thousand volumes. Of those printed last year, forty-five Churches have been oryear, about five millions of pages have ganized by their missionaries. The rebeen distributed gratuitously; more than ceipts of the year, with the balance in two and a half millions over the sea, and the treasury, amount to $172,738; the millions through foreign countries, in one expenditures, to $162,831. hundred and fifty different languages and The Society has been in operation dialects. Of the bound volumes

, printed twenty-six years; during this time, its last year, we observe that such works as receipts amount to $2,365,420. D'Aubigné's History, number 8,000 sets; The average expense of a missionary


was reckoned in 1826–27 at $83; in 52, seventeen chaplains and missionaries, 1851-52 at $153.

regularly employed in this port and variThis Society, as all who are familiar ous foreign ports, preaching every year to with our back-country districts know, has some fifty thousand sailors. In the “ Saildone a good work through the country:

ors' Home,

founded by this Society. Their agents, not always men of broad there have been, within the year, 3,027 views or refined culture, have yet gone boarders, and not far from $11,000 have where few others would have the courage been deposited by the boarders in the savor the self-denial to go. In the remote ings-bank. During the same time, 218 backwoodsman's log cabin, on the prai- shipwrecked and destitute men have been rie, among the Indians, in the new, sickly relieved in it. In the ten years since its Western village, on the dirty flat-boat and opening, 33,527 seamen have boarded in it. the canal, you will find the Home Missiona The " Colored Sailors' Home,” in ry, sharing the sickness, and the labor, and Franklin-square, has had 247 boarders the suffering, with those to whom he this last year, and three of the larger temwould bear the old words of Truth and perance houses have received 4,233 perLove. Who, of us, comfortable and at sons. The Seamen's Savings Bank has ease here in our pleasant homes, shall over $3,000,000 on deposit, a considerable criticize too freely, if the self-denying la part of which belongs to seamen. borer is not always as broad in his opi The Society, besides all these labors, nions as he is in his charity? We will has issued the "Sailors' Magazine," with a forget the narrowness, and the dogmatism, monthly circulation of 6,000 copies. It is and be thankful that there are, in an age also engaged in furnishing ships with libraof selfishness, men ready to forego all ries of useful and religious books. The which the heart most values, for the sake expenditures, the past year, have been of the unhappy and the needy.

$22,591 ; the receipts, $23,660. The most powerful of all benerolent Among the other Institutions for the organizations in this country, the “ Amer benefit of the sailors, may be mentioned ican Board of Commissioners for For the Marine Sociely of the City of Neweign Missions," has only an Agency in York, founded in April 1770. this city, and cannot be considered a New Its object is the improvement of maritime York Institution.

knowledge, and the relief of the wives and Allied with this in its great objects, but orphan children of deceased sailors. The separated by its distinctive Anti-Slavery list of widows, receiving regular relief, character, is the “ American Missionary members 56, one of whom has been aided Association." This Society has for its by the Society since 1788. especial principles, that no Mission-Church nent fund constantly employed in charity should ever admit a slaveholder as a is $14,000 : the amount of disbursements member; that slaveholding should every since its origin, to the poor widows and where be preached against as a sin; and orphan children of deceased shipmasters, that no countenance or support should in and to the members, is $159,000. The any way be given to associations, reli permanent fund is loaned in bond and gious or political, whose principles or con mortgages upon real estate, worth double duct are opposed to those avowed by the amount in New-York and Brooklyn; the Society, with reference to slavery. and the whole has been so well managed, The whole number of missionary laborers that little or no loss has been sustained. employed by the Society is given at 140, The widows on the pension list of the being an increase of 45 over the number Society, receive relief in the following last year. Their stations are in Africa, grades: the first grade, thirty one widows, Siam, Sandwich Islands, and in vari $60 each ; the second grade, thirteen widous parts of our own continent. The ows, $50 each ; the third grade, twelve widreceipts of the Society for the last ows, $40 each. About $3000 are thus year, were $30,826; the expenditures, spent annually. Thirty dollars constitute $30,233.

a shipmaster a life-member, and two dolThe American Seamen's Friend So lars per annum afterwards secures a share ciety. It is estimated that over 110,000 to his wife, of the relief fund. This Socisailors arrived in this port in the year ety has been in operation 82 years, and 1851, and that an average of 6,000 are has formerly found the names of our oldest continually in port. This Society is de and most substantial merchants in its list signed to bring good influences to bear of supporters. It is doing a careful and upon this large class in various modes thorough charity to a class, who, of necesby preaching and by opening boarding sity, in their business expose themselves houses, savings-banks, reading-rooms, and their families to the most sudden risks. schools, and the like, for them.

May it find no lack of public support. It has had, during the years 1851– A similar society to the above is the

The perma


New-York Nautical Institution and ported within its walls during the past Skipmasters' Society; devoting itself year was 295. Near by this Asylum is especially, however, to the spread of nau the Home for Sailors: Children. tical knowledge. It was organized in The Mariners' Family Industrial So1820, and incorporated March 23d, 1848. ciety has for its object to supply work to

For sick seamen, the institution most the female relatives of seamen, and to rewidely known is the Seamen's Re lieve any pressing want among them. treat, on Staten Island, near the Quaran Their clothing store is at No. 322 Pearltine-ground. The trustees of this institu street. The Seamen's Retreat” disburses tion have the right to collect from the a portion of its charitable fund through the master of every vessel arriving from a foreign port, one dollar and fifty cents; for

The American and Foreign Christian each mate, one dollar ; and for each sailor, Union.—This Society originated in 1849, fifty cents; and from the master of every and grew out of three others, “The Amecoasting vessel, twenty-five cents for each rican Protestant Society," the “ Foreign member of the crew. Every person who Evangelical Alliance," and the “Christian has paid these “ hospital-moneys

Alliance." Its object is especially to spread claim reception into the Retreat. There Protestant doctrines and practice through have been, during the past year, 2,956 Roman Catholic countries. It publishes patients in the institution, of whom 167 a monthly Magazine, “ The American and have died. In connection with the Re Foreign Christian Union," a monthly tract, treat, a large brick building has just been “ The Missionary Intelligencer," and a erected near by for the destitute or sick semi-monthly, “ Der Freie Deutsche Kafemale relatives of sailors, and such sail tholik (The Free German Catholic). One ors in particular as have paid hospital of the Secretaries is the well-known and dues.

respected Rev. Robert Baird, D. D. The Marine Hospital, also situated on The New - York Association for Staten Island, is devoted to the sick pas improving the Condition of the Poor," sengers or seamen from the ships just ar is the name of a Society, operating very rived. It is supported by an emigrant widely in its charities over the city. Actax of two dollars on every cabin-passen- cording to its charter, the city shall be ger, native of a foreign country, and of divided into as many districts as there are fifty cents on every steerage-passenger. wards; and these again into sections of The fund from these sources, employed about 25 families each. For each section a for various objects, amounts now to nearly suitable visitor shall be obtained, whose $100,000 per annum. The two institu duty it is to find out the wants of every dions last mentioned are controlled by the family, and if needy and not the fit subState Legislature.

ject for other societies, to give them The Sailorg' Snug Harbor.- This tickets for food, or fuel, or medicine. Asylum for aged or infirm seamen stands Money is in no case allowed to be given by on the north side of Staten Island, in a the visitor, without especial permission. charming situation, opposite the Jersey Of those assisted, not more than oneshore, and commanding a full view of the eighth are American-born, usually one harbor and distant City of New York, with half Irish, and about three-eighths Gertheir ships and spires. It was founded man or foreign in birth. In religion, threein 1801, by a bequest of Captain Robert fourths are Roman Catholics, and most Richard Randall, and incorporated in 1806. of the remainder unconnected with any The property appointed for the object con Protestant Church. During the last year, sisted of a piece of land, then an open field 6559 families, with 29,515 persons were near the city, worth about $50,000. Now relieved. this field is covered by the New-York We extract some rather striking facts Hotel, and the substantial blocks of ele from the report of this Association for gant houses in its neighborhood; and it 1852. yields a rental of nearly $100,000 per Relieved during 1851 by the Alms annum-one of the richest endowments in House department : the country. For many years the Snug

In the Alms House 2,788 of whom 78 Harbor itself was a plain wooden building,

pct. foreigners

Bellevue Hospital 5,842 isolated on a slight eminence, near what Penitentiary 8,450 is now the corner of Broadway and Ninth

City Prison 21,279

Lunatic Asylum street. The present commodious and ele Randall's Island 2,087 gant edifice on Staten Island, has a front

Out-door poor of white marble, and, with its wings, is 225 feet in length. The grounds belong Total Relief 79,782 of whom 75 p. et. or 50.799 ing to it cover about 160 acres. The

wero foreigners number of aged and disabled seamen sup During the same year, relieved by this

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Work House






Association 27,022, of whom three-quar ed in 1797, by the efforts of the late Mrs. ters were of foreign birth. Allowing

that Isabella Graham. one-half of this number was aided from This Society has been a very efficient, other sources, and that the other poor of successful Association. During the years the city would amount to 20,000 (which 1847 and 1848, the number of persons reis a low estimate), and we have the follow lieved were 385 widows, and 1023 chiling result:

dren ; and the sum of $5,413 was expendAlins House Reliel


ed in their behalf. City Association

Out of this Society, sprang the NewOther Charities


York Orphan Asylum. The managers

Total 118,243 found often young children on their hands, Of whom 75 per ct., or 84,925 are for for whom they had no home, except the eigners, who have been here more than five Alms House. By the constant exertions years; bringing a direct tax upon us in this of the ladies of the Association, an Asyassistance of about $500,000. During the lum was at length opened for these same time, $480,000 have been expended orphans, in a hired house, at Greenwich by the Commissioners of Emigration for Village, May 1st. 1806. They were inthose, who have been here less than five corporated in 1807 ; and, by collections years.

in various Churches, were enabled to We get from all this some slight idea

build a suitable edifice in Bank-street. of the expense of pauper immigration to At length, in the increase of the City,

Greenwich ceased to be a village, and Among the Institutions, which have they determined to obtain a situation originated from this Association, are “The farther removed in the country. The old Demilt Dispensary,

" " The Northwestern property was sold, and nine and a half Dispensary," and "The Juvenile Asylum.” acres were bought in Bloomingdale at a

The American Female Guardian So cost of $17,500. ciety.- This Society originally started The present Asylum buildings were with reference to throwing good influences commenced in June 1836, and finished in around poor young women, has turned 1840. They are on Ninth avenue, near more and more to efforts for relieving de 23d-street. serted children. They have been enabled to There have been as inmates of the Instierect a building in 30th-st. (between Fourth tution this last year, 184 children ;-112 avenue and Madison avenue), as a house boys, and 72 girls. Of these, 1 has of reception for poor women and children, died, and 12 have been returned to their called, The House of Industry and friends, or have been indentured.

The Home for the Friendless." Their object Board acknowledge during the past year is to find homes in the country for its in legacies, to the amount of $15,199, and mates. Since its opening in 1847, there the gift of a library of 750 volumes, with have been received into it 1489 adults and a valuable Philosophical Apparatus. 961 children. In the year 1852—415 Another Orphan Asylum, equally sueadults and 217 children. Of the former, cessful with the former Institution, is the 243 were provided with places; and of Leake and Watts Orphan House, foundthe latter, 134 were sent to their friends ed by a legacy of John George Leake, or to families in the country.

deceased June 20, 1827. The Society publishes a semi-monthly The House was first opened for children paper, “ The Advocate and Guardian," November 1st, 1843. It is situated amid with an issue of 14,000. They have also pleasant scenery, between 111th and published 10,000 tracts, 3000 copies of 112th streets, and between Ninth and "Friendly Advice to Domestics,” and 1000, Tenth avenues.

The whole front of the petitions for street children.

building and its wings, facing on the The Asylum for the Relief of Respect South, extends 206 feet. The Institution able, Aged, Indigent Females-or, as it has a fine landed property of 26 acres, is more familiarly known, the Old Ladies' unencumbered, and an incore sufficient to Home, is in 20th-street, near Second ave support 250 children. There were at the

The Association was established in last Report 194 children within it. February, 1814; and the Asylum founded, A similar Institution, now very widely November, 1838. It has been uniformly known, was commenced under more unprosperous, and acknowledges in various favorable circumstances, than either of receipts for the last year, $22,108. the above---the Colored Orphan Asylum.

The House and School of Industry, In 1836, the colored pauper children has its rooms in 100 West 16th street. were kept in the cellars of the Alms It was established in 1850.

House, or in places entirely unsuited to The Society for the Relief of Poor health or improvement. The prejudice Widows with Small Children, was found against their color was so great, that those


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who attempted to relieve them, could find no house which could be rented for their shelter. They were obliged at length to purchase a house and two lots in 12thstreet, at the heavy rates then prevailing - for $9,000.

They had received in 1840, $13,000 for a building fund; and in 1842 they acknowledge as a gift from the City, 20 lots of land on Fifth avenue, between 43d and 44th streets. There the present building was erected, and in 1843, opened for the children. In 1849, a Hospital was added, the money for its erection being obtained by legacy.

Since the opening of the Asylum, 631 children have been admitted. The number of inmates during the last year was 258, of whom twenty-one have been indentured, and fifteen have died. The number of children under eight years of age, is 79.

The Protestant Half Orphan Asylum is conducted on a different principle from any of the above. The parents, where

not incapacitated from labor, are required to pay fifty cents a week for each child received into the Institution. The income from this source alone, the last year, amounted to $2,245, or about one-third of the receipts of the Society. An excellent provision it is found to be for all parties; and the worst evil from a charitable Institution is somewhat escaped, the weakening of independence in the recipients.

There are now within the Asylum 176 children. The whole number in attendance during this last year is 246, and what is most remarkable in a medical point of view, there has not been a single death among

the children for about three years. During the last ten years, says the Medical Report, there have been 676 cases of distinctly infantile diseases, and only one death-this from scarlet fever. The deaths during the cholera season amounted to ten. The average annual number of children in the Asylum since 1842, is 161 and a fraction.

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