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my view of the subject is correct, and publicans-of all tyranny the worst. that you will be induced to change Whilst such were their politics, in rethat language, which, I must confess, ligion, although they did not entirely gives me pain. You and your friends, abandon the Reformed doctrines, or the votaries of the incomparable Maga, Church of England, they were supall agree in calling yourselves Tories! posed to look on the Church of Rome I positively deny that you have any with a partial eye, as its discipline was right or claim to this obnoxious ap- more favourable to subdue the feelings pellation. What is a Tory ? Consult of freedom in the minds of its votaries, history ;-examine their tenets-scru who were trained to a necessary detinize their doctrines. Do they agree gree of flexibility by the over-ruling with you in any one point except in influence of the priesthood. They an opposition to the Whigs; and when could even overlook the intolerant I say the Whigs, I consider your ab- bigotry of James, for the sake of obhorrence of that clamorous corps, as taining, what was to them, the graconfined to the modern Whigs, whom tifying quiescence of his absolute sway. Burke has well demonstrated to be ut- The Whigs of the epoch of the Reterly unlike their ancient predecessors. volution, were the very reverse of all They bear the same name, indeed, but this :-Liberty was the great object they have no more resemblance to each of their care ; but they had the good other than there is between Alexander sense to see that the prerogative of the the Great, and Alexander the copper crown was necessary to establish it. smith; the character of the Whigs of They knew that this essential weight the nineteenth century, is no more was requisite to keep the whole mathat of the patriots who effected the glo- chine in order ;-nothing less could rious Revolution of 1688, than Lords restrain the ambition of the aristocraSomers, Godolphin, and their com- cy, and the turbulence of an emancipeers, were copies of the sour covenant- pated people. With the greatest wis. ers of the North, from whom the term dom, they defined the duties, as well was originally borrowed, and thrown as the rights, of the governed, and of in the face of the friends of freedom those who govern. They saw the conby their slavish adversaries. As a re- nection between arbitrary power and tort courteous, the Liberals of those Catholicism ;—they set King William days (they will pardon me for using a on the throne, and took effectual means word which is at this moment in bad to secure the Protestant ascendancy. odour) bestowed on their opponents Having thus taken a rapid view of the nick-name of Tory, which belong these two parties, as they heretofore ed to a sávage horde of Irish banditti, existed, let us see to which class Esthe genuine prototype of those wretches quires North, Tickler, and Co. properwho, in the present time, harass that ly belong. Do we see, in their wri. unhappy country by their nocturnal tings, a desire to invest the Sovereign murthers and conflagrations.
with absolute power? Whilst they veThis, good Mr North, is not a title to nerate and love our amiable Monarch, be proud of, though persons of respec and whilst they record con amore all tability have been willing to be thus the homage of affectionate duty paid characterised, in opposition to the to him by his northern subjects duWhigs, without too nicely canvassing ring his visit to their fine metropolis, the origin and etymology of the name. we do not see them casting themselves But what was the political creed of under the wheels of the Idol of Torythe Tory faction at the era of 1688? ism, which, like the Indian JuggerTheir distinguishing tenets consisted naut, crushes its devoted worshippers. in a firm belief in the divine right of Do we see them courting and flirting kings, a horror of opposition to regal with the old Lady of the seven hills, authority, however tyrannically used, and attempting to bring her into riall which was to be submitted to with valship with her reformed, but (by passive obedience; and resistance to her) reprobated Daughter? No-Mr the most arbitrary authority was North, your sentiments and your arstrongly deprecated. These notions guments all savour of those which I might be pardonable in men who had have attributed to the Whigs of forso recently suffered the overbearing mer days. Are you then, my good despotism of unfeeling and cruel Re- friends, Whigs, and have you been VOL. XIV.
talking the language of Whiggism as tan at the infernal gate, on beholding Moliere's Mons. Jourdan did prose all the hideous features of Anarchy and his days without knowing it? No, you her brood, is ready to tell these terri. are not Whigs—the name which was fic spectres, -honourable in King William's time,
I know ye not-nor ever saw till now is so no longer. The adage, no less true Sight more detestable than them and theethan trite, will well apply here, i
But the Radicals, more savage than Tempora mutantur et nos mutamur in illis.
Milton's hellish crew, stand firm and The supporters of the throne are be- unreconciled to those who gave them come more enlightened ; they have being ; satisfied that their own efforts seen the charms of liberty, and they will in time enable them to satiate are convinced of the danger of unli- their “ immeasurable famine,” they .mited power even to the hand that admit not these allies. , wields it. They have actually taken Far be it from me to imagine, that post on the very ground occupied by you, the loyal supporters of the conthe patriots of 1688; and their adver- stitution, are to be classed with those saries, for the mere sake of opposing unfortunate Whigs, who have dethem, have left their original station, serted the principles of their preand retired to the very confines of re- decessors, and are now rejected on publicanism. Here they were met by all sides. Let them possess and ena band of still fiercer foes, the Radical joy their ancient appellation—it suits Reforiners. These enthusiasts, with them well-it declares the stock from more or less affectation of adherence whence they sprung. But let the to the pure principles of the constitu- word Tory be erased from the potion, have evinced a determination to litical vocabulary of the present dayoverturn every stone of that venerable let this shadow of a name vanish with fabric raised by the wisdom of our an- the doctrines which are now extinct, cestors. Some of these innovators may and which are, I believe, scouted by be dupes; but the great mass of them every Englishman. Divest yourself, shew, with little disguise, that their my good Christopher, without delay, grand object is the plunder which of this odious appellation ; let it be no must fall to the lot of the most daring more heard under the social tent on amidst the general scramble. It can- the heath, or in the Ambrosian festinot be denied, that these miscreants vities of the Divan in Auld Reekie. are the offspring of the Whigs. The Names are of much power in fixing wind of their breath in the inflamma- the opinions of mankind. Not a few tory speeches in Parliament, in tavern persons may be repelled from the indinners, and Palace-yard meetings, struction of your pages, because they like the fabled impregnation of the hear that Christopher North is a Tory ! classical mares, by the afflation of If a distinguishing title is necessary Zephyrus, has engendered these mon- to a true Briton, let one be found that sters. This Hippomanic progeny have will make manifest your real sentia strong resemblance to their origin ; ments, unmixed with the slang of but, like the religious sects which ap- party. Be assured that such an adopproach nearest to each other without tion would be duly appreciated ; it actual coincidence, their repulsion is will raise you in the estimation of increased according to the ratio of ap- your contemporaries, and your name proximation. But the parent and will then go down to remote posterity child are far from acknowledging their with a higher degree of honour. mutual affinity. The Whig, like Sa
Semper honos, nomenque tuum, laudesque manebunt.
Believe me, dear Mr North,
THE GRACES, OR LITERARY SOUVENIR.*
LONDON, at this period of the year, he quaintly calls, The “ Papillon has but one literature. Ponderous Wings” of the “ Taschen buch.” Kotzetheology, and light poetry, solemn bue, a writer of more dubious fame, dramas, and romances wilder than fol- though at the height of the lighter ly feigned in any preceding season, draina, often floated his lesser plays wait for Spring, and come out with into the world on those wings; and, Parliament, the new pantomime, and perhaps, on the whole, there is no porother habitual displays of that produc- tion of German authorship more potive time.
pular, than those yearly records of its But the gloomy month of Novem- happy thoughts, and slighter sketches ber, and the still gloomier month that of vigorous design ;-those memorials “ treads upon its kibe,” are cheered of past beauty and promises of future by a whole carnival of minute volumes, attraction. Their productiveness as a recording the “ days of the month," mere speculation is evident from their and the “ months of the year,” the number, their eager rivalry, and their shape of those bonnets and jupons increasing excellence; and our Engwhich have hitherto given new beau- lish neglect of so interesting a mode ty to the British fair; memorandums of authorship, is among the more of all the innumerable elegancies pe- striking instances of the tardiness with cessary to the manufacture of the which ingenuity sometimes crosses the sex ; quadrilles to be danced, shapes seas. to be assumed, and attitudes to be The majority, however, of these Gere imbibed, by all candidates for ad. man Souvenirs, have the stamp of their miration in the year to come. How- country rather too heavily laid upon ever, all things go on in melius, and them for our taste. Wisdom out of this year has produced some very pret- season, and prolixity that disdains an ty and ingenious attempts at turning aid, solemn catalogues of names imthe epidemic curiosity of Christmas portant to none but their possessors, into channels of instruction and in- and unwieldy labour of a reluctant and tellectual amusement. Among those cloudy imagination, make the majority in the natural progress of improve- the weightiest performances that ever ment, the last is to be presumed the augmented the weight of a winter, bebest ; and the work, whose title stands tween the Rhine and the Danube. at the head of this article, strikes us as But, unquestionably, all the good may not merely the best in point of inven. be accessible without its counterpoise; tion and decoration, but to be, from and it might be difficult to limit the its original composition, the subjects interest capable of being brought withof its poetry, and the tendency of its in the pages of an annual publication, spirit, as strikingly deserving of a place expressly devoted to mingling the in the library, as on the table of the graceful and the useful; the attracdrawing-room of fashion.
tive tale, the animated poetry, the The Germans, of all men the wisest dignity of moral thought, and the elein their literary generation, have led the gance of high life, and its captivating way in this species of performance, and and brilliant recollections. some of the greatest names that ever “ The Graces, or Literary Souvefigured in German literature, have in- nir,” aims at all these objects, and the dulged their taste, and enhanced their mere mention of the heads of its porreputation, by contributing to the tions, gives an idea of the variety and Yearly Literary Pocket Books, and interest which it is the purpose of the Souvenirs. Schiller's most vivid poems volume to supply. first found their way to popular ap- Its first department is“ The Months." plause through this avenue; Goethe, Each month is described in poetry, and the idol of his countrymen, and un- to this is appended, a Calendar of the doubtedly a poet of singular genius, Flower Garden, or directions for its sent out some of his most beautiful cultivation in each month; we presume, tales and scattered conceptions on what a very acceptable species of informa
• An Annual Pocket Volume. Hurst and Robinson. London. pp. 350.
tion to the fair florists of our country. Than around thy social hearth, Its next head is a Spanish Tale of When the few we love on earth, considerable length, a melancholy nar- With their hearts of holiday, rative, but one of remarkable beauty Meet to laugh the night away; and nature. This is followed by oc
Talking of the thousand things casional poetry, by various contribu
That to time give swiftest wings; tors ; by new anecdotes of fashionable
Not unmixt with memories dear;
Such as, in a higher sphere, life, new and frequently amusing and
Might bedim an angel's eye, characteristic ; by poetry—and this Feelings of the days gone by; again by an obituary of the more re- Of the friends who made a part markable persons who have died du- Of our early heart of heart; ring the year -- Kemble, the political Thoughts that still around us twine Bishop of Meath, Vaccination-Jenner, With a chasten'd woe divine. General Dumouriez, Lord St Vincent, Ricardo, &c.
· But, when all are wrapp'd in sleep, Nothing is more absurd than to sup
Let me list the whirlwind's sweep, noce that we look with a fretful en Rushing through the forest hoar
Like a charging army's roar. upon contemporary literature. On this
Or, with thoughts of riper age, point we will not condescend to argue. ** Wonder o'er some splendid page, Our whole course has been one of Writ as with the burning coal, cheering and congratulation, when we Transcript of the Grecian's soul! found anything worth being cheered, Or the ponderous tomes unhasp no matter what the thing was; whe Where a later spirit's grasp, ther the work of lukewarm Tory or of Summond from a loftier band, furious Whig ; of those who wore
Spite of rack, and blade, and brand, down their quills in open and impo With the might of Miracle, tent insolence against us, or wrapped
Rent the more than pagan veil, themselves in the cover of the Blue
And disclosed to mankind's eyes and Yellow, or within the involucra
God's true pathway to the skies. of the Speaker's gown, to indulge their malignant absurdity in safety. To us
Every autumn leaf has fled, it was all the same ; if we found an
But a nobler tree has shed able article, we praised it straight for
Nobler scions from its bough;
Pale Mortality ! 'tis thou ward ; if we found a silly one, we That hast flung them on the ground never spared our opinion on the sub
In the year's mysterious round! ject; and in the way that we have dealt, Thou that had'st the great “ To come, we will deal, as the only way in which Thing of terror !--Darkness !-Tomb! honest literature, and honest men, can Oh ! for some celestial one, be sustained and honoured.
That has through thy portals gone! Without further delay, we proceed To pour upon our cloudy eye to give some specimens from different
The vision-what it is - is to die." -parts of this Work, which, after all,
Yet, no seraph traveller will put our readers in a better con
Bends his starry pinion here; dition to judge, than a dozen prefaces
Since the birth of hoary Time,
All is silent, stern, sublime, and dissertations. The following is
All unlimited,-unknown ! from the series of “ The Months.”
Father! may thy will be done !
Let me die, or let me live,
KING OF SPIRITS ! but-forgive! And after him came next the chill December, Yet he, through merry feasting which he made, And great bonfires, did not the cold remember. There are about fifty pages of anec
dote and jeux-d'esprit, which form by WELCOME--Ancient of the year!
no means the least interesting part of Though thy face be pale and drear, the work. They are almost entirely Though thine eye be veil'd in night,
from the highest rank of society, and Though thy scatter'd locks be white, Though thy feeble form be bow'd
in someinstances, by individuals whose In the mantle of the cloud.
wit has bitherto been but little known
to the public. Talleyrand, whom we Yet, December, with thee come
suppose to be meant under the naine All the old delights of home;
of the Minister, is, however, sultiLovelier never stole the hour
ciently acknowledged as one of the In the summer's rosy bower,
most fertile and subtle wits of the day;
but the bon mots which we have at- “ Sheridan used to say, that the life of tributed to him, are to us perfectly a manager was like the life of the Ordinary original. The following seems ex
of Newgate a constant superintendence of
executions. The number of authors tremely piquant.
whom he was forced to extinguish, was,' “ The late Fouche and T. had quar. he said, " a perpetual literary massacre, relled. On their next meeting, M. de that made St Bartholomew's shrink in comT.,' said Fouche, you need not triumph parison. Play-writing, singly, accounted in your rank. Under an usurpation, the for the employment of that immense mul. greatest scoundrel may be prime minister, titude who drain away obscure years beside if he please.' _ How fortunate, then, for the ink-stand, and haunt the streets with me, N. Fouche,' said T.,' that you conde- iron-moulded visages, and study-coloured scended to be Minister of Police !'” clothes. It singly accounted for the rise of An anecdote of Fox, at a time when
paper, which had exhausted the rags of
England and Scotland, and had almost declining life had taught him the more
stripped off the last covering of Ireland. He sober views of character, is interest
had counted plays until calculation sank ing. He had now lost his old homage under the number; and every rejected play for our republican imperial neigh of them all seemed, like the clothes of a bours.
Spanish beggar, to turn into a living, rest« In one of the latest days of Fox, the
less, merciless, indefatigable progeny.' conversation turned on the comparative Some of these jeux d'esprit are said wisdom of the French and English charac. to be by an individual of the very highter. "The Frenchman,' it was observed, est rank, whose table-conversation has
delights himself with the present; the been greatly celebrated. but has, of Englishman makes himself anxious about
course, seldom escaped from the circle the future. Is not the Frenchman the wi. ser I'_He may be the merrier,' said
in which it has been delivered. Fox; but did you ever hear of a savage
Those again are followed by occawho did not buy a mirror in preference to
sional poetry. We give an “ Inscripa telescope ?! ”
tion" to a name which has not yet at
tained its due distinction among our The late Sir Philip Francis has not “ Tonitrua Belli.” figured extensively as a discur de bons mots; yet he was a powerful conversa
INSCRIPTION FOR PICTON'S CENOTAPH tionist, practised in a remarkably keen
AT WATERLOO. and studied diction, and before the
- " Dare period when he sunk into a kind of Orbi quietem, seculo pacem suo. eloquent dotage, was pungent almost
Hæc summa virtus, petitur hac cælum via." beyond any man of his time. Though Weep not, though the hero's sleep a declared Whig, he had felt himself On this spot was dark and deep ; ill used by the Whigs; and his sar And beside him lay casms were let loose with no unfre Hearts that never felt a fear quent bitterness against his party. In the rushing of the spear, The following anecdote seems to us
Silent, glorious clay! one of the happiest instances imagipable of the whole embodied feeling of
What is life, to death like theirs ?
Heartless wishes,_weary years, such a mind :
Follies fond and vain ! “ In a conversation on the merits of the
Theirs a gasp of gallant breath successive ministers during the late war, it On the wave, or on the heathwas observed, in dispraise of Pitt, that'he Momentary pain ! suffered no man of talents in the cabinet, while some of his successors adopted a more Not upon the sick’ning bed liberal system.'_ Sir,' said Sir P. Fran. Has the wasting spirit filed cis, in his peculiar style, · I owed the li From their hallow'd mould ;ving man no love; but I will not trample In the soldier's hour of pride, on any man in his coffin. Pitt could fear In the triumph, Picton died i no antagonist, and therefore could want no The boldest of the bold. auxiliary. Jackalls prey in packs ! but who ever heard of a hunting party of
Where the famine, where the fight, lions !'” .
Bloody day, and deadlier night,
Wore host by host away ; Sheridan's pleasantries are proverb Where thy wild Sierra, Spain, ial ; but the following instance of his Where thy pestilential plain, conversational sportiveness is new : Were piled with proud decay