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637
Curious Anecdotes of Animals.

638 with the strangers, and went down again., in the treatise above referred to, has sa That they did this two or three times, when remarkable story of a magpie, that imitated at last they brought up a maggot, which all kinds of sounds, articulate or otherwise. they gave to the others as the price of And that the power of imitation in animals redemption for the dead ant; that the is sometimes very great, he shews by strangers, upou receiving the maggot, went curious example in a dog, that fell under away with it, and surrendered up the dead his own observation. ant to his friends."

But of all instances of sagacity and This story Plutarch believed, and it reason in animals, none seems more strik. must be owned that these little creatures ing than the famous one of the parrot, told have something very wonderful in them by sir William Temple, on the authority When I was at college, sitting after dinner of prince Maurice of Nassau. However in the garden, one hot summer's day, I hard of digestion this story hath seemed accidentally fixed my eye upon a single to some, yet I am convinced it is not sinant. I soon perceived that he was em- gular it its kind. ployed about something, and that all his A few years ago, Mr. B-, who lived journeys were made to one certain place at Oxford, had a parrot that would disThe result was a discovery that he was to course and reason equally with that of Mr. his tribe, one of the people that the Ro- William Temple. There are many instances mans called bespillones. "That the place of this, well known to persons conversant he so constantly went to was the entrance, in the family; but the few that follow, or perhaps rather the postern, to their habi- will be sufficient to ascertain the truth of tation, where they brought out, and laid what I have here said.

his mouth the dead carcase, and run away with butter, rode up to the door one morn-with it to a certain distance, where he laid ing, the bird asked her how she sold her it down, and then went back again for butter? She told him. “That's a lie," another, which by that time was brought said the bird. And indeed it was so. up for him.

Another time when the same woman The cleanliness of these animals, in thus brought Mrs. B, a present of a bottle ridding their dwellings of every thing that of cream, the servant upon pouring it out, might be offensive to them, was equally put some of it into a tea-eup for her own surprising and instructive. But what breakfast; and the better to conceal it? increased my wonder was, that the little from her mistress, covered it with a pint bespillo I observed, never laid two toge basin. . The mistress coming to see the ther in the same place, but arranged them present that was brought her, was going in a circle, nearly at an equal distance away satisfied enough with what she had from the hole where he took them up. | seen, when the bird called out to her, This scene engaged my attention for the “Madam, there's more under the cup best part of an bour, when business of my there's more under the cup!" , own called me away.

As the bird told in this manner every I question not that there are many other thing that he saw, we need not wonder? things in the animal kingdom, and amongst that there was no very good understanding the minutiæ of nature, equally as amusing between him and the servants, or their and as hard to believe, as any thing here acquaintance. Among these was the said. They are overlooked for want of butter-woman herself, who, having an op leisure opportunities and attention, and portunity one morning, gave the bird a yet open a very ample field for the philo stroke with her whip. The bird felt the sopher's disquisition, as they are certainly smart, and ran to the other end of his not beneath his notice. Time hath dis-. cage, (which was a pretty long one,) covered the truth of many things unknown crying, “The butter-woman has beat to the ancients, or disbelieved by them, me!” and no doubt that time will do the same Another time Mrs. B, desired the by us.

same butter-woman, as she was going up Ctesias mentions, as something very ex-into the market, to buy her a roasting-pig traordinary, the Indian bird psittacus, that for dinner, and to send it down. Buto spoke / with a human voice the Indian she brought it down herself, when the bird, ni language, and Greek if it was taught. as soon as he saw hery inmediately asked This might be new to the Greeks at that hers: “What? Pig and butter too ?"??, ?? time, though, perhaps, afterwards the bird These are but a few instances of many was familiar enough to them, as we know that might be given, of this bird's reason it was to the Romans after that. Plutarch, and sagacity, which I had not at seconda

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MELANCHOLY FATE OP DONNA IGNES

DE CASTRO.

639
Fate of Donna Ignes de Castro.

640 hand, but from the woman herself. They the lady during the absence of the prinde appear indeed low and trifling, , upon on a hunting party. Donna Ignes, with paper, but it must be remembered, that her children, threw herself at his feet, and nothing can be expected from a bird but his heart relented when he beheld the what relates to familiar and domestic oc- distress of the beauteous suppliant but currences. This is surprising enough; his three counsellors, Pedro Coellio, what is more, would exceed all the bounds | Alvaro Gongalez, and Diego Pacheco, of probability

reproaching him for his disregard of the Quacunque, ostendis mihi sio, incredulas odi. interests of his kingdom, he relapsed into

From hence, however, I think we may his former resolution. She was dragged collect, that reason is not confined to the from his presence, and brutally murdered human shape alone; that other creatures by Coelho and his two associates, who besides ourselves have it in such propor- immediately presented their daggers to the tions as is suited to their circumstances- king, reeking with the innocent blood of in such a manner as not to be a burden the princess. Alphonso openly disavowed to them--that they make proper obser- this horrid assassination, as if he had not vations for themselves--and would express made himself a party to a deed which them to us, were they all of them furnished would heap eternal disgrace , on his with organs of speech adapted to the memory. purpose.

When Don Pedro was informed of the Many more corollaries might be deduced death of his beloved Ignes, he was trans. from hence, but it is not the design of this ported into the most violent fury. He paper.

took up arms against his father, and soon laid waste the country between the Minho and the Douro; but, through the interposition of the queen and the archbishop

of Braga, the prince was at length soft(From "Portugal Illustrated.")

ened, and the further' horrors of civil war Donna IGNES DE Castro, as Mickle re- suspended. The injury which the prince lates in the historical introduction to his had received, was not, however, to be beautiful translation of the Lusitanian poet, effaced from his memory by the cold was the daughter of a Spanish nobleman reconciliation effected between himself and who took refuge from the tyrannical rule his father, and he still continued to disof his own sovereign at the court of. Por. cover the strong est. marks of affection and tugal, in the reign of Alphonso IV. Don grief. Upon his succession to the crown, Pedro, this monarch's eldest son, ena- his first act was a treaty with the king of moured of the beauty and accomplishments Castile for the mutual surrender of refugee of the fair Castilian, contracted a secret malefactors. Two of the murderers of marriage with her. His conjugal fidelity Ignes were sent : prisoners accordingly to was not less remarkable than the ardour Pedro, and were put to death under the of his passion. “ Afraid, however, of his most exquisite tortures, having been perfather's resentment, the severity of whose sonally reviled and struck by the injured temper he well knew, his intercourse with lover. Pacheco escaped. An assembly of his bride was private, and passed for some the states was then summoned at Cartatime unnoticed, as merely an affair of nedes, where Pedro solemnly swoře upon gallantry. Several of the Castilian nobi. the gospels to the truth of his secret lity at this period followed the example of espousals with Donna Ignes, by a disthe father of Ignes, by seeking protection pensation from Rome, at Braganza , and from the ruffian hands of Philip, within the Pope's bull was published with due the territory of Portugal, and were hospi- formality. Her body was raised from the tably received by Pedro through the influ- grave, attired in splendid regalia, placed ence of Ignes. A thousand evils were on a magnificent throne, and crowned foreseen by Alphonso's courtiers in this queen of Portugal attachment of Pedro to the Castilian “For such the zeal her princely lover bore, refugees, and no opportunity was lost by her breathless corpse tbe crown of Lisbon' wore;' them of exciting the king's suspicions of The nobility did homage before her skelehis son's political motives, and his resent- ton, and kissed the bones of her hands. ment against his unfortunate wife.

The royal corpse was then interred in the Persuaded by her enemies that the monastery of Alcobaza with a pomp before death of Ignes de Castro was necessary to unknown in Portugal, and with all the the welfare of the state, Alphonso took a honours which became her rank as queen. journey to Coimbra, that he might see Her monument is still extant there in a

640
197885) Hoetryan 10 51

642 chapel of royal sepulture and her recum glance my thoughts from that to thisel bred bent statue bears the diademtland royal

#° Books are the patentees of Bliss, besi 189q4s robe.Jei uid in land was abilitado When truth is sought in reading tid. 1996 adThe English tragedy oft "Elvira," the soul by reading grows refind 39 vaidsoni founded upon the narrative of the hapless

Though tinge of melancholysis tec attachntent of Ignes de Castro and Don " Pis not the shade of folly.

May cast a shadow o'er the mind,

-29008 Tous Pedro,e and closely copied from the desk Faith glanees at the future crown, ai isda elamatory and bombastic Frenchcof

For which my herdoia me alone; dadosa to De la Motte, was written by Mr. Mallet, Prayer sanctifies my reading. SUPOSAO and dedicated,

with a most fulsome poli- 93 Let fashion boast its magic ring, en mors tical address, in 1762, to lord Bute. It di sofernuwe altele a mangiensplandid is gelion drags itse drowsy length along, through still life's gay aream is ended' sta semausi five tedious acts.is

The Spanish drama on Give me a book with seal of mind o esbiaad this subject is entitled Reynar despues

I'll pass the vale of life resign'd, ei as anoit de morir," and is considered to be more ssh In reading and reflection.ankar s siaga si faithful to nature and Camoens, than the Worcester, April 5th JOSHUA MARSDEN. Of English, French, German, or even Por- Erratum._First article in Poetry, line 11. col. tuguese tragedies, representing the same 551, for 4 MONEY” read " Mercy" modo circumstances. The four following lines aris et besteha segue o esgro sitiw from Camoen's Lusiad, describing the fond

320giug attachment of Pedro to Ignes, are con- or SUCH IS THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN sidered by the Portuguese to be untrans- eid (To a Mother, on the Loss of Her Child)mont latably beautiful, which, however, Miekle WEEP not, since to thy tender arms 1999 thus successfully attempts in English. to A transient boon was given,

Thine Infant, innocent in charms, « By niglit his slumbers

bring thee to his arms, sa Is taken up to heaven. YIOESNAJEM By day his thoughts still wander o'er thy charms; By night, by day, each thought thy loves employ, s

Where merit can't the least prevail, Each thought the memory or the hope of joy."

Nor wisdom plead pretence,

Our Saviour saith, shall never fail) sonite de dados

The claim of innocence.

wol anno sd ovewed fonam baviaan bait aThe pure His

purity shall share,

e, da si asisi bios ada yd POETRY. and bassin

16 And Infancy prove glory's heir, sát lehtisused bas Main

ka sasnivasaar Eternally to reign. 30 nedrigsb sd 85 sib THE PLEASURES OF READING. The wise, the mighty and the bravesou Drtw bas" Reading makes a wise man.”-BACON.

Himself the worthiest cannot save two aid to Some follow pleasure in the chase, Best From everlasting wo; gige ads si logis to These in the smile of beauty's face, tad till But with the Saviour's righteousness obog 96 And those in tinted Aowers : od slites His merits

od 20 kartona

as a babe, possess But give to me a pleasant book, totalaler A seat among tlie blest. lo

Lost earthly joys I'll calmly brookjaw 2900 Then, Mother, be thou reconeipdiw organisme a Por undisturbed reading.aw bas zobene Thongh short thy boon was given, 1d *ed envy not the man of wealth, atteitpuna taon Our Saviour saith; Of like thy child, ad io betwho waste the vital lamp of health,

mt vanda

His kingdom is in heaven. le and think they live in clover :

New England Coffee House.

era awon how ad gangi Let me in some sequester'd grove, salate otsa vol kan enw sbind zisi pro with one heart-touching volume rove; she ON THE DECEASE OF A LOVELY YOUNG Now I'll solace find in reading. o) placeag spl

FRIEND, AUGUSTI 1828. alleg it. The classic page of those alive, v blonogae See hath flung aside the rose-bud's bloom is ytil bon wr wits of ancient story liveod agligeser That her young cheek once was soon to wear and

And raise my heart to glory?'agost a thabited only by silence and gloomgrsds most

I call the flowers of Rome and Greece, lead and she was going there shot to prodiress, so bo(Prizd more trian Jason's golden fleece,)57313 She hath ceased the tuneful chords to playı yildas hon The sweet reward of reading.

For cold and powerless is her bandar bo soup Like bees I range the gay parterre, to roap For the sound of her voice hath pass'd away, so

3agardants And find a balm for all my cares BR10 To music's own bright land. A recipe for sorrow,

harad az An unearthly tinge-the shade of the dead.seguitse of the olden time, vil don me And Her eye forgettetli its light to shed home Embalmed in the page sublime, bae * For the soul that illumind it once hathfledogs aid Encircle me while reading. 100 lavor sit

And vacancy is there.

tass and seniaga toate Poet, and traveller, and sage, vita1o To the darkness of midnight given,

Like the transient light of a meteor ray soers With richer pictures all the page awon or moom-beams that over the books stray deb i Than fill the vale of Clwyde sisiw annopod She hath wanderd thro' earth a nearer wnym sels

To her resting-place in heaven
A beautiful vale in Denbighshfren 15H1

nomio OM..SO 127VOL. XI.

2 T

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643

Poetry.

644

THE DYING SAINT'S VIEW OF HEAVEN.

Way, my soul, these mortal pains,
Since no more of earth remains ?
Pain and anguish now retire :
Every moment wafts me higher ;-
Wings of æther help my flight !
Who are yonder sons of light ?
Nearer they approach, and seem
Heralds of the Lord supreme !
Lo ! they beckon me to rise ;
"Come," they say, " to Paradise."-
Now I mount o'er golden spheres !
Now a shining host appears !
Now the warbling cherubim
Sweetly chant EMMANUEL's name,
Who, for sinners, stoop'd to earth
To vouchsafe a second birth! -
Now, in more resplendent blaze,
Other legions throng to praise :
This the universal song
"Glory to the Great-Three-One!
« Martyrs we, for Him and truth,
" Flonrish in unfading youth!
" Every tongue be prompt to tell
"Here is love ineffable."
Deck'd in brightest panoply,
Who, my soul, are these I see ?--
“ These, the Gospel long had taught ;
“Sioners to salvation brought!
“ Crowns of glory now they're given !”
Yea, my soul, this, this is heaven :
Let me quickly enter in,
Victor over death and sin.

M. W.D.

And where sweet verdure once was seen, now

scarce is left a flower, To twine its flexile tendrils round the lone and

leafless bower. I came to look upon the spot, where once my

fathers dwelt; To gaze upon the altars where tbey oftentimes had

knelt, But find its dwellings desolate, and weeds and

wild flowers trail Unheeded o'er thy prostrate shrines-alas! for

thee, my vale."The minstrel ceased ; and his plaintive lay, Faintly declined from bis lips away, And the recollections of former days; Before bim passed, as he bent his gaze On bis native valley-O then there came, To his broken spirit green memory's train- ja Swept o'er his heart-strings that fairy throng, And his sad spirit passed with his heart-breathed

song: Bristol, March, 1829.

J. Dix,

THE DAY OF JUDGMENT. WHAT secret's bid within this dreary night, God only knows ; such dark suspicious light Ne'er gleam'd before : nor did we ever hear Such strange mysterious sounds to bid us fear. I think great sights are on my misty eyes, And deeds immortal I can in the skies Bebold, -troops of curs'd sprites in frantic train, The city shaking,—and the blazing plain. I hear the hidden pillars break away, On which the worlds' wide centres stay; Sphere rolls on sphere one general lot to share, A chaos rude within a blackened air. The four winds burst their well-barr'd rocky caves, The lightnings mingle flash, the ocean raves, The sailors tremble with a strange surprise, Through inmost caves the deep-ton'd thunder flies. Now the loud trumpet rings its piercing sound, Calling the worlds that still roll shaking round: No stygian ghost that glides across the dark, But waits the summons, and receives the mark. And then the Judge on angels' wings descends, Jesus the man of grief the saint befriends ; And though he long to honour was unknown, He sways the sceptre, and assumes the throne. Ye who have long o'er sin's dark mountains stray'a, Through mazy wilds which deepen'd vices shade, Disdaining oft my covenant of grace, Depart, nor taste my love, nor see my face. To you, my sons on earth despised and poor, I offer bliss, and ope the golden door. Here shall you find the peaceful shade you sought, A happy family without a fault.

Q. E. D.

THE VAUDOIS SONG OF RETURN "In the year 1689, when the Vaudois made their last and successful effort to regain possession of their valley; one of them, a young man, on first entering it after a long absence, was so overcome by his feelings, that he lay down by the road-side, and expired shortly afterwards, whilst lamenting its departed tranquillity."

Arnand's History of the Vaudois. There was heard a sound at the eventide, When the lingring beams of the day had died, And the moon and the silvery stars were set Like gems upon night's dark coronet Of happier days that were past it spoke,

And thus through the stillness of eve it broke.-“I see thee once again, my vale, in evening's mel.

low light, With its streamlets flowing peacefully, its waters

glancing bright; Beneath the moon-beams' palys mile they wander

sweetly on, With the murmuring sound I oft have heard, in

moments that are gone. Oh I many a day hath died since last I heard that

silver tone, Then pleasure round the beating heart its fairy

spell had thrown ; And now their joys return to me recalled by that

sweet sound, And crowd at this soft stilly hour the swelling

heart around. Yet where are those, who used to roam through

thy lov'd paths of yore, I miss their smiling faces now; those voices hear

no more: The voices that like music came, the smiles that

used to play Around youths' blooming face, are gone, and whi.

ther now are they? O: other voices have been here, strange feet thy

paths have trod; And persecution's ruthless sword bath dyed thy

lovely sod.

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high;

A HYMN TO THE PRAISE OF DEITY. Rise, rolling Sun, diffuse thy cheering ray,,,! Spread thy deep blush, and give luxuriant day; Sing the great God who guides thy haughty fire, Thy beacon bright that bids mankind aspire. 'Tis he that rules the synod of the sky, Gilds heaven's high courts, and thunders from on Sways the new world which frail fruition boasts, His name is Great,--the Holy Lord of Hosts. Holy his name, and holy his decree, An uncreate, imperviously free ; He grasp'd the wand, and bade the light appear, Sublime He walks the clouds, and guides the year. Seraph expands with song his native skies, And cherub hid with wings beneath him lies; Nor brightness vaunts its blaze, nor fragrance

boasts, But sing, "O Holy, Holy, Lord of Hosts."

Q. E, D,

645

Review. The History of Initiation, in three Lectures.

646

Review.— The History of Initiation, in

and the perfect Epoptes was then said to be

regenerated, or new-born, restored to a renovated three Courses of Lectures, comprising a

existence of life, light, and purity, and placed detailed Account of the Rites and Cere

under the divine protection. This was a figura.

tive representation of the descent of Noah into monies, Doctrines and Discipline, of all the Ark, which was a place of refuge from the the secret and mysterious Institutions of punishment inflicted on the sins with which the

Here he remained in the Ancient World. By George Oliver, darkness and solitude, impressed with feelings of Vicar of Clee, 8c. &c. 8vo. pp. 307. horror and apprebension, not unaptly termed Washbourn. London. 1829.

death, until the earth been purified by a

general lustration; and then with the seven just In all the ancient systems of idolatry, the

persons who were incarcerated with him, he rites of initiation were esteemed of such

emerged into the light and hope of a new and

perfect world, on which the favour of heaven once essential importance, that no honours were

more smiled, as it did on the first created man áttainable, no distinctions to be enjoyed, initiation, was a representative of the patriarch

in the garden of Eden. The candidate, at his but through this indispensable avenue. during his erratic voyage and subsequent delivery

from destruction. Like Noah, he beheld, in a The mysteries were reputed to be the con.

figurative manner, the uncontrolled license of the servators of every social and moral virtue; iron age, the vicious anarchy and lawless con and though deeply tinctured with the sordid tentions of the impious race before the flood,

under the despotic sway of their prince Ophiou, dregs of licentiousness, were the powerful furious as wild and ravenous beasts contending engines by which the policy of every for their prey ;-like Noah, he descended into

Hades or the Ark, a place of solitude and dark. government was managed, and its stability

ness, and here in safety he heard the dissolution ensured. Cicero, who thought the security of the world, the rush of waters, the dismember, of the state depended in a great measure

ment of rocks and mountains, the bitter eries and

shrieks of the despairing race of sinners in the on their conservation, says, “Mysteriis, agonies of remorse and death ;-like Noah, he quibus ex agresti immanique vita exculti ad passed unhurt through the purifying element; humanitatem, et mitigati sumus. Initiaque patriarch "he emerged into a new life of purity

and being thus regenerated, like the diluvian ut appellantur, ita re vera principia vitæ and perfection, and rejoiced in the distinction cognovimus; neque solum cum lætitia which he was taught to believe, his piety had con

ferred."--p. 15 to 16. vivendi rationem accepimus, sed etiam cum

Again, spe meliore moriendi."

" The places of initiation were contrived with We haveoftenwished to see these mysteries much art and ingenuity, and the accompanying fully developed, but must confess that the de. machinery with which they were fitted up, was

calculated to excite, in its most elevated forin, sire, though sufficiently anxious, was not ac- every passion and affection of the mind.

Thus companied with any very sanguine degree of the hierophant could rouse the feelings of horror hope; because we considered the subject minister fuel to the flame of terror and dismay,

and alarm ; light up the fire of devotion, or ad. too dry and laborious to tempt any mode- and when the soul had attained its highest rate antiquary into the arena of its elucida

climax of shuddering apprehension, he was fur

nished with the means of soothing it to peace by tion. Our wishes, however, have, in some phantasmagoric visions of flowery meads, purling degree, been realized ; and Mr. Oliver, who streams of water, and all the tranquil scenery of has already favoured the world with some

nature in its most engaging form, accompanied

with strains of heavenly music, the figurative discussions on parallel topics, has produced harmony of the spheres. These places were a work, which, as far as it goes, is calculated

indifferently a pyramid, a pagoda, or a labyrinth,

furnished with vaulted rooms, extensive wings to give much satisfaction on this abstruse connected by open spacious galleries, multitudes inquiry. It is no namby-pamby jumble minating in adyta, which were adorned with of incidents compiled merely to excite mysterious symbols carved on the walls and astonishment, or to elicit admiration; but pillars, in every one of which was enfolded some

philosopbical or moral truth. Sometimes the a regular series of systems which have been

place of initiation was constructed in a small in actual operation amongst the worshippers island in the centre of a lake ; a hollow cavern of false gods; and every illustration is

natural or artificial, with sounding domes, tor.

tuous passages, narrow orifices, and spacious vouched on some competent authority. sacelli; and of such magnitude as to contain a In the Introductory Lecture, Mr. Oliver numerous assembly of persons.

In all prac.

ticable instances they were constructed within the traces the origin and progress of the

recesses of a consecrated grove, which, in the heathen mysteries, from their institution to torrid regions of the East, conveyed the united their fall, and gives a rational account of

advantages of secrecy and shade ; and to inspire

a still greater veneration, they were popularly general usages founded on particular faets. denominated Tombs, or places of sepulture."For instance, he says,

The general arrangement of this work "Initiation involved all the profuse and complicated mechanism of heathen mythology; and comprises, 1. the Asiatic and Grecian niany of the political and domestic customs of mysteries. 2. The Celtie mysteries; and antiquity may be traced to the same inexhaus.

3. The Gothic and American mysteries ; a tible and prolifie source. It was considered to be a mystical death or oblivion of all the stains disposition which appears to include every and imperfections of a corrupted and an evil life, variety known in the ancient world; and a as well as a deseent into hell, where every pollu. tion was purged by lustrations of fire and water;

succinct account of the ceremonies of ini

p. 23 to 25.

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