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fights to-morrow. · All the diversions and authority to restrain the popular will be for the French, for the people enthusiasm, was obliged, on this occa. are too melancholy to partake of them. sion, to pass from habitation to habita. Great numbers leave the district, not to tion to back obedience and compliance. witness such scenes.
The public money from the national trea.
Madrid, July 27. sury, scattered thro'out the streets and Nute.-In order to give the lie to the squares, was not picked up by a single shameless manner in which the Court person, because it served the purposes Gazetre spoke of the oclamation of of so odious a being, and was, as it were, Joseph, as King, we give an authentic transformed into French money with the description of the proceedings on that stamp of Napoleon. Such, Emperor of occasion :
the French, are the auspices with which “ The proclamation of Joseph took your gentle brother was crowned in the place in this capital on the day of St Ja- capital occupied by the remnant of your go, a circumstance which ought to make armies. If this true relation reaches every good Spaniard remember the ex. your ear, it ought to be sufficient to de. ertions that were shewn by our ances• ter you from your mad and criminal tors, in former times, to shake off a yoke projects. The resistance you meet in al certainly less severe than that which is the provinces, all the towns, roused in now sought to be imposed on us. The all their courage, have they not conceremony took place amidst the most vinced you of a truth already generally unequivocal symptoms of universal dis. recognised, that the nation which exeris gust. The grand Standard Bearer of itselí to shake off a foreign yoke, is in. the Court, and his eldest son, who vincible? Do you desire to perpetuate would on a proper occasion have been a war so unjust in its object, so bloody so zealous of the honour of officiating in its succ-sses, and from which no re. in their places, fled precipitately from sult can arise but infamy, dishonour, the town, that they should not be oblic and perhaps your own ruin? Make us ged to wave the royal banner. The not to abhor ihe nation over which you place was supplied by the infamous rule, and which nature and state conDuke, who sold the nation in the treaty nections have for above a century made of the 27th of October last. Campo our allies and friends. Restore to us our Alange, and his son, names for ever to amiable Ferdinand, restore to us our au. be derested in the records of our penin. gust Royal Family, deliver up the monsula, were the only grandees that assista ster that has devoured us, that the na: ed in that ridiculous farce. The people tion may do itself justice upon him. of the surrounding towns and villages, Respect the rights of generous England. who are always eager to accompany Treat us, in fine, like a greai, free, and such scenes with their acclamations, independent nation, and peace will im. now kept themselves tranquil at home. mediately be made.” The inhabitants of Madrid, so fond of The stay of the new King in the capublic amusements, left the theatres de. pital of his new kingdom has been of serted, notwithstanding the entrance short duration. He was giving daily was ee, and there was particular study grand entertainments, and it is even in the representation and decorations. said was daily in a state of intoxication. The houses, instead of presenting a mag. These merry meetings were suddenly nificent appearance, with exquisite oi. ciscomposed by the arrival of the news naments and splendid illuminations, ei. of Dupont's surrender, on the evening ther remained unornamented, or there of the 27th of July. Things began now were only seen on them some shabby to wear a differeni appearance. All was decorations, suficient to preserve the bustle among the French, whose couniomates from the military commission tenances were greatly changed. The with which they were threatened in army, said to be only 12,0co men, were case of disobedience. One of the prin. ordered to be ready to marck; while cipal houses in the middle of the great Joseph was busy in collecting all the street disregarded ail fear, and refused plate belonging to the royal palace and to make any demonstration. The Cor. churches, and the money in the treasury, regidor, who, at thu accession of our be. all of which was packed up in waggons, loved Ferdinand, esployed all his zeal In the evening of the 29th, the first di.
vision of the army marched, another di- their arms; no less than the surrender, vision on the 30th, and late the even- of Gen. Dupont's army at Andujar, (as ing of the 31st, Joseph himself, with the was predicted in our last numb. p. 543.) rear guard, set off from Madrid, and besides that of a corps of 6000 men untook the road to Segovia. On the ist der Gen. Wedel, who was coming from çf August not a Frenchman was to be Madrid to reinforce Dupont. The fol. seen in Madrid. They destroyed 300 lowing official account of this important pieces of cannon, and 30,000 muskets, event, is given in a leiter from Captaia and wetted all the powder in the maga. Sam. Whittingham, who was sent by zines. It is said that all the grandees Gen. Sir Hew Dalrymple, Lieut, Gov. who had accompanied Joseph from Bay. of Gibraltar, to attend the Spanish Gen. onne, had died from Madrid into differ. Castanos in the field, and which has ent provinces.
been transmitted by the General to Lord The retreat of Joseph back to France, Castlereaghi, and inserted in the London protected by such a small force as Gazette of August 16, 12,000 men, will at least be a matter of some hazard; and hopes are enter
Head-quarters, Andujar, taised, that unless he is joined by Mar
July 21. 1808. shal Bessieres, who was likewise retreat
Sir, ing from Burgos to Pampeluna, with I had the honour to inform you, in about 15,000 men, he may yet be inter- may letter of the 17th of July, that in a cepted. According to the last accounts council of war, held on that day at headfrom Corunna, an army of 40,000 Galli. quarters, it was resolved that the die cians and Asturians had been put in mo- vision of Marquis de Coupigny should von under the command of Generals join that of Major General Reding, and Blake and Ponte (accompanied by an that the attack upoo Baylen should be Lnglish officer, Major Roche,) who undertaken with the united force of the were to execute some grand plan form two divisions, whilst the third division ed by the Council of Oviedo. By an and the reserve should occupy the ato intercepted dispatch from Gen. Savary tention of the enemy by a feigned atto Gen. Dupont, we learn that she lai. tack upon Andujar. Major-General Reter is ordered to retreat to Madrid if ding entered Baylen on the morning of possible, as a great force was advancing the 15th, at nine o'clock: He met with to the capital from Gallicia.
little opposition. The enemy retreatHaving mentioned Gen. Savary, who ed towards La Carolina. The Genedistinguished himself by his intrigues ral wrote to the Commander in Chief with ihe Emperor of Austria after the for orders, either to advance against batile of Austerlitz, (and who has no Andujar, or pursue the column which doubt been employed in the same ho- was retiring upon La Carolina. Genc. nourable way with the Spanish Nobles ral Castanos ordered him to advance 4at Bayonne) we may be permitted to pon Andujar without delay. tiotice, that it is announced in the Ma. On the igih, at two o'clock in the drid Gazette of the 13th of July, that morning, the General received informaKing Joseph bad created Gen. Savary tion of the retreat of the French from Duke of Rovego, with the honours of a Andujar. Lieut. General Pena, with Grandee of Spain, and Generalissimo of the reserve, was ordered to advance im. bis armies.
mediately towards Bayler. The French
began their retreat at nine o'clock P. M. DEFEAT OF THE FRENCH ARMIES BY 18th July.- A letter from General Red.
THE SPANISH PATRIOTS. ing informed the Commander in Chief, We now come to the details of the that he intended commencing his marca various successes obtained by the Spa. from Buy'en towards Andujar at three qish Patriots over the French armies ;
o'clock A. M. 19th July. Attwo o'clock the most important of which is the
P. M. the advanced guard of General
Pena's division came up with the ene. SURRENDER OF Dupont's Army. my. At this moment an express arri. ANDALUSIA-The Patriots have ob- ved from Major General Reding, to intained in this province the most impur. form the Lieut. General, that he had tant success which has yet crowned been engaged with the division of General Dupont from three o'clock in the French Force.--Division of Dupont, morning till eleven; that he had repul- 8000 ralik and file, ditto of Wedel, 6000, sed the French, and remained master of ~14,000. the field of battle. The guns of the ad- Spanish Force. Reding, 9000, Cou. vanced guard of Lieut. General Pena's pigny, 5000, Pena, 6c00, Jones, 5000,division had scarcely begun to fire, when 25,000; of this total one half peasantry. a flag of truce arrived, to treat upon the Nearly 3000 of the French killed and terms of a capitulation. The discus• ' wounded. sion did not last long. General Dupont From 1000 to 1200 of the Spaniards · was told he must surrender at discre. killed and wounded. wion.
Terms of Capitulation. The division Lieut. General Pena halted and fur of General Dupont prisoners of war. med his division upon the heights of The division of General Wedel to deli. Uinbla, distant three miles from Bay. ver up their arins till their arrival at len; between four and five o'clock Ge- Cadiz, where they are to be embarked neral Casterick, aid-de camp to Bona. and sent to Rochefort. parte, was sent by General Dupunt with There no longer exists a French force orders to treat with General Castauos in Andalusia. in person.
(Signed) S. WurTTINGHAM, At nine o'clock P. M. Major. Gene. ral Reding informed the Lieut-General,
13th Light Dragoons. that during the truce, he had been treacherously attacked by General We. According to the Spanish accounts, del, who was just come from La Caro. the Patriots have made a valuable aco lina with a reinforcement of Govo men; quisition of military implements by Du. and that the battalion of Cordova had punt's surrender. They have got zoco been surprised and taken prisoners, to. horses, a fine train of artillery, 10,000 geiher with two field-pieces.
muskets, great quantities of clothing of The negotiations lasted till the even- all kinds, &c. besides 75 waggous loading of the 20th, and the glorious resulted with gold and silver plate, and other I have the honour to enclose, as also as valuable articles, the plunder of the exactanaccount of the killed and wound. churches and houses in Cordova and ed on both sides, as I have been able to Andujar. collect in the hurry of the moment. On the 23d of July, the Supreme
The French themselves acknowledge Junta of Seville sent the following conthe bravery and steadiness of the Spa- gratulatory letter, on the surrender of nish troops ; their firmness, constancy, Dupont's army, to Lord Collingwood : and perseverance, under the greatest “ Most Excellent Lurd-It is with the possible privations, are worthy of the greatest satisfaction that the Supreme admiration of the world, particularly Junta informs your Excellency of the when it is remembered that half the ar. happy success which our arms have had my is composed of new raised levies. over the French army under Generals
The Marquis de Coupigny is detached Dupont, Wedel, and Gobert, they hawith his division to take immediate pose ving laid down their arms, as is set forth session of the passes of Sierra Morena. in the enclosed papers, which accom
General Castanos deserves the high- pany this for your information, being est praise for his well conceived plan, and persuaded of the noble interest your Exfor the cool determination with which he cellency has in our most just cause. The has carried it into execution, in spite of victory could not have been more comthe popular clamour for an immediate plete, and there does not remain one attack on the position of Andujar. Frenchman in Andalusia ; there not be
Whilst the negotiations were carry- ing a single individual of the three di. ing on, General Castanos received an in- visions, which, by their own statements, tercepted dispatch from the Duke of amounted to more than twenty thou. Rovego to Dupont, ordering him to re- sand men, that has not been either kil. treat immediately upon Madrid, as the ed or taken prisoner. army of Galicia was rapidly advancing. “ The rejoicing is so general and so This determined the General to admit lively, that an idea of it cannot be githe capitulation of General Wedel. ven; and wo expect it will be the same
in your Lordship's squadron, through -fly to your brethren on the Ebro, the the favour which the Spanish nation Douro, and the Xucar; ily to break the owes to British generosity.
chains of the captives of the Tagus, of God save your Excellency. Manzanares, an of Lobregat. (Signed) FRANCISCO DE SAAVEDRA. Blot out from the Spanish soil, even VICENTE HORE,
to 'the last footstep of these perfidious ANTONIO ZEMBRANO.
wretches--Avenge in their blood the inANDRES MINAN.
sults they have offered to the shade of a Juan Batista ESTELLER,
weak and cowardly Government-Hear Secretary of State. you not the cries of the murdered on Palace of the Alcares of Seville.
the ad of May ? Do you not listen to the
lamentations of the oppressed? Are you. July 23, 1808. To his Excellency Adm. Collingwood.
not moved by the secret sighs of our
Ferdinand, weeping his separation from General Castanos, who has been ap
his countrymen ? pointed Commander in Chief of the roy
War and vengeance !-Tremble, tyal armies, after the surrender of Du- rant of Europe, upon your throne, where pont, addressed the following most ani. you are covered with all sorts of crimes,
Valiant Andalusians! think no sacri. mated proclamation to the Andalusians, inciting them to perseverance in the fice too great that is to recover your common cause, and to complete the King and restore your independence. work so gloriously begun.
You possess a country-Be a great nation-Follow
the paths of glory and of Gen. CASTANOS TO THE ANDALUSIANS. virtue, which, under the God of Armies,
Valiant Andalusians : The flame of have led you to this first victory! patriotism has in a few days burst forth with such brilliancy, that it bas consu
VALENCIA. med the oppressors of the nation.
A supplement to the Seville Gazette You desired to be free, and in a mo- of the 6th July contains an official conment you found a protecting Govern. firmation of the defeat of Gen. Moncey. ment, and an army anxious for battle -It shortly states that Moncey, having and for triumph.
advanced to the walls of Valencia, made Those legions of Vandals, who for a a very spirited attack, but it was so well lime surprised some of your cities, which answered by the fire from the city, that, they delivered up to plunder; the inso. on the following morning, the enemy lent men, puffed up with the victories struck their tents, and quitted the enthey had gained over nations that were virons of the city, leaving a great numDot united; who sold by wholesale the ber of dead, and the fields covered with plunder of Europe, and laid waste the their wounded, and, after much hesitamust fertile fields with fire and the sword, tion, took the road to Almanza, on have felt what the love of country and the frontiers of Murcia. This relates religion can do.
merely to the last attack, which deter. Valiant Andalusians, yours is the glo. mined the enemy's retreat. An article py of Marengo, of Jena, and of Auster- from Granada, which accompanies the Jitz. The laurels that adorned the brows gazette, contains the following more de. of those conquerors are at your feet. tailed account. The attacks commen.
Immortal glory to the hero who has ced on the 23d of June, and the French sepewed in the Sierra Morena the ex. were in the outset successful, defeating ploits of Fabius Maximus. Our chil. the army of the patriots, and making dren will say—“ Castanos triumphed good their march to the walls of Valen. over the French, and his glory did not cia. The inhabitants, aware of their apfill the houses of our fathers with mour. proach, took every step which vigour, ning."-Unfading laurels to the brave courage, and promptitude required ;heroes who destroyed the insolent op. arming the whole population, planting pressors of the human race! Blessings batteries at the gates, blocking up the upon the wise Government that defended entrances of the streets, cutting trenour rights, and prepared our triumphs! ches across the roads, and filling the dit
Yet you are not Andalusians alone, ches with water. On the 27th, the Spayou are Spaniards--Fly, children of Spain nish General Caro attacked Moncev a. bout a league from the city, but was
ARRAGON. puable to retard his approach. On the The failure of the French in all their 28th, he sent in a flag of truce, offering attempts against Saragossa, is also further respect to persons and property, if he confrmed by Lord Collingwood's dispatwere permitted to enter peaceably, but ches; and in a Saragossa gazetie extrathreatening fire and sword, if any resist. ordinary, we have a journal of the mili. ance were offered. Receiving a deter- tary operations before Saragossa, frota mined refusal, he commenced the at the 23d of June to the 5th of July in. tack. The defence was long and ob- clusive. The attacks on the ciiy were stinate, and completely successful. The incessant ; after an action on the 2 34 of enemy successively attempted to force June, in which the French suffered con. the gates of Quarte and St Vincent, but siderably, Gen. Lefevre retired to Epila, they were repulsed with dreadful slaugh. where he was attacked, and would have ter, and their dead lay heaped in the been totaliy defeated, but for the flight streets, while the patriots, protected by of two divisions of peasants; he, howthe walls and heavy artillery, lost very ever, lost 1000 men. On the 27th, hay. few meil. In the evening, the enemy ing been reinforced by General Verdier setreated, leaving five pieces of artillery, with 2400 men, the French advanced and the troops sent in pursuit brought to the walls of Saragossa and Torrero. in eight more, but they were spiked';Of the latter place they made the mselves 7000 of the enemy found their graves masters, by the treachery of the com. under the walls of Valencia. The re- mander of artillery, who ordered back mainder, between 2 and 3000, retired all his canuon, and who was afterwards actoss the Xucar, and took the road to shot as a traitor; but they were driven Almanza, and measures had been ad. from Saragossa, with the loss of sco opted to cut off their retreat.
men killed, a great number wounded, CATALONIA.
six pieces of artillery, five cases of an
munition, &c. &c. The possession of The success of the patriots in this Terrero, however, afforded them an opprovince also, according to the Corunna portunity of battering the city. On the Gazette, has been decisive. A French 28th, a powder magazine blew up, by corps of 9000 men' marched from Bar: which 14 houses were destroyed, and 2c3 celona to Taragon to join another corps, persons killed, and the enemy took ad. which had failed in an attempt to en- vantage of this circumstance, and of the ter Manresa, and was forced to fall back. night, to attack the city in three places, Both corps then proceeded along the but they were repulsed in every quar. sea.coast, irom Barcelona to Arens, ter, and one of their columns was comlevying contributions, and committing pletely destroyed. On the 29th and various excesses ; but being at last met 30th, and on the ist, 2d, and 3d July at. by the patriots, they were forced to re- iacks were made every day, but they treat with great loss, leaving behind all failed ; and on the 3d, the important them their artillery, ammunition, and post of Torrero was retaken from the money. They retired to Barcelona,
French, whose cavalry was reduced to where, of 15,000 men who formed the 13 horses, and their infantry nearly de. army ofobservation of the eastern Pyren. stroyed. The remnant retreated to Tu. tees, only sooo remained, and many of dela, and the wounded were sent cff to them severely wounded. The defeat Pampeluna. The French appear to have of the French near Barcelona, and their been tampering with Palafox ; but that being obliged to retire to the forts, are loyal and gallant commander rejected ikentioned in dispatches from Lord Col. their propositions with contempt. lingwood; and an article in the Oviedo LEON -The first check which the Gazette adds, that after they had thrown árms of the Patricts bave met with, has themselves into Fort Montjuci, which been in this province. Marshal Bessis eommands the harbour of Barcelona, the eres had detached a body of French patriots carried it by storm, and put the troops, from Pampeluna, to proceed by wbole garrison to the sword, but suffer. Burgos, and to take possession of Valioed most severely themselves, th dolid. They consisted of 10,000 inian. being estimated at from 4000 to scoo try, 2000 cavalry, and a great quantity men.
of artillery, under Gen. Lasolles. The