Obrazy na stronie

yet a little while, and he that shall him in glory and happiness in a come will come, and will not tarry." better. For his Saviour's sake, he “ Behold the tabernacle of God is is fully persuaded that, unworthy, with men, and he will dwell with though he must be, the Father of them, and they shall be his people ; light and life will vouchsafe to be and God bimself shall be with them, hold him with complacency; and and be their God." “ And the re. in this blessed assurance, he is endeemed of the Lord shall come to abled, amid all the strange accidente Sion with songs and everlasting joy and changes of this life, to lift an upon their heads, and sorrow and eye of joy and confidence upwards; sighing shall flee away.”

and follow gladly whithersoever the Lastly, consider the delight which hand of Heaven shall lead him. accompanies a true resignation. God Like the patriarch of old, he rejoices is not angry because he chastens us; to go out, not knowing whither he or if angry (alas, how many are our is going. It is enough for him that provocations !), his frowns are but God is


where : ihe frowns of a parent; "the graver countenance of love.” “ For a little

Safe in the hand of one disposing Power,

Or in the natal or the mortal hour. moment I hid my face from thee, but with everlasting kindness will I Nor is this all. If the highest earthly have mercy on thee, saith the Lord gratification is to be found in pleasthy Redeemer.” The true Christian ing those we love ; if the humblest can look up to God in the midst of effort is delightful which can afflictions, as to a tender Father. press an ardent and generous affecStrengthened by his Spirit, convinc- tion; can it be a mean satisfaction to ed of his wisdom, deeply touched testify, by filial docility and sub with a sense of his abundant and mission, that entire confidence, that unmerited mercies, he can rejoice heartfelt gratitude, and adoring love that he is permitted in any manner to our Almighty Father, which are to contribute to advance the glory the very elements that compose the of his God; and can pray with his temper and character of ihe true whole heart, that his “ will be done Christian? Holy and heavenly on earth as it is in heaven.” When elements ! which shall survive the faint with pain or sorrow, be re- lapse of ages, and triumph over the members that the " Captain of his decays of nature. “ The world salvation was made perfect through passeth away, and the lusts thereof; suffering.” To be made like him but he that doeth the will of God in affliction, is a sufficient honour in endureth for ever." this world; he shall be made like to




To the Editor of the ChristianObserver. marks of a similar, though more

extended, nature, not unworthy of Your insertion of some judicious your notice. observations, by Pastor, upon

the It was very justly observed by use of the word " sanctified," as ap- Pastor, that " sanctified looks," in plied, in Hodgson's Life of Bishop the legitimate sense of the word, Porteus, to certain “ Jooks” which i. e. looks indicative of that inward it was said that honest prelate never " holiness without which no man assumed, encourages me to hope shall see the Lord,” not only may, ihat you will deem some further re- but ought to be, reckoned amongst

Christ. Obsery. No. 129.

4 D


the beauties wbich adorn, nd 10 convey a censure, however justly the sublimities which enouble, the merited. Tostances out of number human countenance. Wny, be verv will occur to every reader's mind of pri perly asks, are cheerfulness, ie- the fault, if a fault it shall be proved, nocence, benignity, the acuteness of which is here alluded to ; and which intellect, or the energy of courage, embraces, first, the direct applicato be considered as true physiogno- tion of scriptural titles, such as mical excellencies: and why is an- righteous, holy, sanctified, the elect, other quality, superior in its origin the saints, the godly, &c. &c. to such to all the rest, and which stamps persons as, in our estimation, deserve upon the soul the iminediate features ihem only in an ironical and reof a celestial re emblance, to be proachful sense: secondly, the same viewed with indifference, ami even application of words, which, though with insult, when beaming in “ the bot • totidem literisto be found in human face divive?" To this ques. Scripture, yet are clearly deducible tion, I presume, indeed, the iem- both in sorod and sense from the perale Mr. Hodgson would answer, Sacred writings, such as evangelical, that it is not to a real, but to a ficti- puritan, zealot, pietist, besides the tious, character of holiness stamped lower race of psalm singers, &c. upon the visage, that he affixes the scarcely to be named in good comseal of condemnation. And he pany at all: thirdly, the misappliwould appeal to a book, in which cation of scriptural quotations or he is well versed, for authority to sentiments for purposes of invective, say, that even “ when we fast, we satire, and sarcasm. are not to be of a sad countenance, Now, in shewing the mischievous as the hypocrites are, who disfigure tendency of these several practices, their faces that they may appear it is by no means intended to enter unto men to fast." In short, he into any general discussion of the would say, that it is hypocrisy he lawfulness or uplawfulness of ridimeans to stigmatise, and not sanc. cule, as applied to sacred subjects. tity ; that he ałtudes to the dejected The old maxim of ridicule the test "'haviour of the visage,”ıhestarı hed of iruth." we may fairly consider as air and straight loeks, by which the at an end, till the question so well ambitious often seek respect from asked, shall bave been as well anthe vulgar, and knaves from their swered; “ If ridicule be the test of dupes; not to that pure and invo. truth, what is the test of ridicule?” Juntary effluence from an inspired But, allowing this to stand amongst heart, which once shaded the face the rhetorical figures not indeed as of Moses with inaccessible bright- argoment, but as subsidiary to the ness, and clothed the features of ends of argument; still we must esStephen with the aspect of an angel. pect it to be allowed, in return, that

Now, upon this answer, which ihere is some limivation in its charseems to go the whole length of any ter; and that it is not a sufficient fair or rational defence, the follow- apology for the present, or any ing remarks will take their ground; similar practice, to say that it is ridiwhich are intended to condemn, not cule, that it is irony, that nothing seMr. Hodgson in particular (for whom rious is intended; and therefore that no every friend of Christianity must action can possibly lie for infraction entertain sentiments of unfeigned of decorum, or violation of the laws respecı), but those

of truth. Ridicule, at least, may be ral, whose habit it is to use any mischievous, or indecorous; and the word or expression which bears a cause of truth may be seriously favourable construction, and espe- committed by an appeal to tesis *cially if so applied in Scripture, which do noi even profess to afforel either to denote' a vice, however any standard of its value. Just as * nearly allied to it in appearance, or

persons in


Mr. Law has well observed in the

case of amusements, though they ground which had before rendered may be lawful, or even necessary, as him impregnable. It is very true, a relaxation of the mind; still it is nothing is tarther from the mind of not enough, in order to justify any the accuser, than to charge the very particular species of thiem which virives he names upon the accused. may be proposed, to say of it, that on the contrary, under the title of a it is amusement, and therefore inru- righteous one,” he means to con. cent.

vey the charge of arrogance or hy· That the misapplication of the pocrisy. His “ sanctitied” friend scriptural terms, above mentioned, is stands proxy for a sly, underhand, wholly indefensible on the grounds self-interested varlet. His “pietist, there stated, or indeed on any solid is a compound of enthusiasm and or rational ground whats ever, i superstition, His “saint," Jambu think quite clear from the following like, and full of the milk of human considerations.

kindness, is nothing more than a 1. The practice may be consi- mean, pitiful, Inw-spirited coward. dered as fraudulent. The use and lo short, by a very small felicity of application of yood names, in a false collocation or of iermination, I had sense, is frequently made for want almost said of tail, every virtue beof bad names at hand, to be applied comes an ape; and by being infal: in a true sense. A man sits down, Jibly rendered into its kindred vice, with a determination before-hand, to is made the object of derision and censure and expose the character of aversion. Now all this is the very some individual or set of men. He thing complained of as the essence searches his vocabulary for words of imposi ure. The accuser, withsuited to his dark purpose: be turas out changing his intentions, floats over the black list one by one, and them under false colours. He puts carefully weighs the several appel- a mask on his language, that it may lative nouns of kuave, tool, hypo- not appear in its true and proper crite, liar, lunatic, &c. &c.; but he deformity; and under a disguise, finds not one of them exactly suit- thin it must be owned, fixes his ar-, able to his purpose. Some would gunient, or bis calumny, as it may expose no one but himself'; others happen, with more certain effect in he finds, after diligent inquiry, be the beart of his audience. In short, cannot tix upon the fore-ordained he accomplishes that object by obdelinquent. He has no wish to stand lique methods, which he could not in the pillory for defamation, nor atiain by more direct ones; and by be posted hiniself for ine liar which a species of dishonest legerdemain, he would wish his culprit to appear. he gains the laugh, or carries the Parily therefore in despair, and sentence as he wished, before the partly through idleness, be turns to merits of the case had ever been the fair side of his nomenclature. distinctly brought into view. It is With a boldness something like an- in vain, as it has been already reother grand accuser, who once said, marked, to rank this among the artiEvil, be thou my good,” he de- fices of oratory. The question still termines to adopt

good for his returns ; Is it an honest artifice? The evil;" and he now finds a new and ancient heathens, often better mocopious flow of expression, to which ralists than modern Christians, and he had been before an utter stranger. who willed the orator to be a good Under a

new and transforming man, knew the proper name for this touch, " Qui color albus erat nunc figure, “ Est huic finitimum dissimuest contrarius albo;" like a moral, or lationi, cum honesto verbo vitiosa immoral, alchemsit, be converts all res appellatur:" Cicero de Orat. 2: the virtues severally into articles of where, indeed, he treats the whole censure, and secures the condemna. subject of ridicule in a way deserve tion of his adversary on the very ing the attention of our religious

satirists, and concludes, in regard to was wanting in any language but the whole topic, "est, meâ senten- that of the Houynhymns. And, tiâ, vel tenuissimus ingenii fructus." thanks to the conscience or the pasThe dissimulation or fraud here sions of mankind, the expressions of complained of is doubtless the same, abhorrence and contempt, applicaif it be only the name of some ble to crimes, are amongst the least pagan virtue, such as honest patriot. defective parts of any human dia. ism, disinterested generosity, and lect: "Verbaque provisam rem non the like, under which the sarcasm indita sequuntur.' Where was the is conveyed: only religion, being a need then, .or rather where is not still weightier concern, and demand- the evil, of introducing another set ing, per se, a more strict attention to of words, and a new train of ideas, truth, the fraud is here more sensibly into this already full-charged de. felt, and becomes more guilty: not partment of language? What pbi: to inention also a certain aptitude in lanthropist, not to say Christian, nien to apprebend and relish more the must not lament to see a frail race deceit practised on the foot of some agreeing to plague and fret each Christian virtue, than on that of a other by a strange and equivocal mere human excellency. Men na- generation of names and crimes, turally respect patriotism; but they meaning in their original use ibe do not naturally love piety.

very opposite of what they are now After these remarks on the frau. to express, and depending for their dulency of the practice, it will not injurious application upon the pers want many words to prove it in the verled fancy or corrupi humours of highest degree uncharitable, whether mankind ? "By this abuse of words, considered as enlarging the resources not only terms, but even subjects, of of invective attack, or as exposing a reproach are multiplied without li. greater number of persons to its mit. In our perverse vocabulary, malignant influence. The defects the crimes of saintship and of of language have always been a sub- roguery, though generally alike, are ject of complaint amongst philoso- not perfectly synonimous. The forphers. A want of words to clothe mer stands oui as a somewhat new our ideas, has often been felt as “a crime, distinguishable in imaginapreventive check” to the multiplica- tion from the latter, and often the tion of ideas themselves ; much as more galling imputation of the two. a want of habitations acts against the And thus the feelings of men are increase of population. Hence arose exposed to injury at new points : the use of fightrative language, and their passions, which every friend of the metaphorical application of the man would desire to allay, are made same words to different ideas; and doubly liable to irritation; and tbat to this source may, in some degree, “ unruly member, which none can be traced the peculiar kind of figu- tame,” is arined with fresh weapons, rative expressions now under discuss from which there is no escape, no, sion. But if ever this truly philoso. not even behind the shield of virtue phical resource was to be deprecated, itself. For not only are the means it ever the just limitations and even of annoyance thus multiplied without barrenness of language were to be limit or protit against exceptionable, þailed as a blessing to mankind, but even against the most unexcep, surely it ought to be so in the arti- tionable, characters. Persons, who cle of words of vituperation. The have not only a claim on our cha: real crimes of men are sufficiently rity, but our very justice; persons, intelligible, and stamped in charac- on whom it would be unsafe or im, ters sufficiently dark to have been possible to fasten any direct term of early known, and noted down in the reproach whatever, may yet " fall durable register of language. The down wounded” under the imputaword expressing a lie, perbaps never lion of their virtues. The nick.name of " just”. was found sufficient to we indulge in it. The very definition ostracise Aristides out of the Athe- of the word “ to profane,” may be nian commonwealth. The enemies fairly laid down “10 apply sacred of Daniel, who could find none occa- things to ends and purposes foreign sion nor fault against him concern- to their original destination.” Now, ing the kingdom, “ forasmuch as if the end and purpose of certain he was faithful, neither was there phrases or appellations in Scripture any error or fault found in him," (which, be it remembered, are of yet found it against him concerning Divine choice) should be to desigthe law of his God. And though it nate, to exalt, to recommend, ceris true, the politeness of the present tain characters or certain conduct; age would not tolerate the proposal it is clearly a foreign, nay, direct 10 cast any devotional delinquent contrary, application of those terms, into a den of lions, yet its charity to hold up, by them, any character will not rescue him from the monkey or conduct to ridicule or censure. It nails of a malignant irony.

is not now the question, whether The practical question, under this such punishment bê deserved or not; head, comes to a very short issue. but whether it should be inflicted Is such a person justly chargeable with such instruments.

Are we to with any thing which renders him call names in Scripture language, obnoxious to society ? Is he deserving and to hurl texts of Scripture at one either of contempt or reprobation ? another for the purposes of bufIf so, naine the crimne : put yourself foonery? Can such a practice be to the trouble of embodying the ac- soberly viewed in any other light. cusation in definite terms, and let than that of desecrating the hallowhim, as it were, see his accuser face ed ornaments of the Christian, and to face. Should there be nothing converting them into badges of diselse, call him at random enthusiast, grace? You smite a man with the madman; accuse him of " the total very sceptre which God has put into destruction of human reason, the his hands as a token of excellency; quenching of every faculty, the and, it might almost be said, stone a blotting out of all mind, fatuity, man with the jewels with which folly, idiotism *.” Perhaps you may, God has ennobled his crown. The if not very bold, hesitate to attack effect of this treatment will easily be him with ihese weapons, in a rank, guessed, if applied to the badges of in which a Pascal, a Fenelon, a earinly distinction : and if its effect Boyle, a Leighton, a Horne "ihe on those of religious distinction sweet enthusiast,” a Walts, are to be be doubled, let a man examine his found. But if so, hesitate much own mind, and question the associamore to wound his just feelings by tions which first rise there upon the the comparatively safe but cruel ex- mention of the terms saint, godly, pedient of deriding him as an elect, elect, and so on. Do they presently one of the lanıbs of Christ, a holy associate themselves with that inzealot, a sanctimonious purist, &c. stinctive reverence, that noble am.

But without all question, the just- bition, that“ high endeavour," which est as well as heaviest charge of all they would have done if he had against this practice, is its profaneness. been conversant with no other than It is in itself a guilty profanation of the sacred volume? Or, used, as they sacred things ; and argues, even in have repeatedly been, by almost all the judgment of Charity herself, an writers againsi fanaticism and the Irreverent position of mind whilst religious vices, to convey the most See the Rev. Syduey Smith's sermon

contemptible and pitiful ideas, do against Methodismo; a composition, however, they not produce in the mind, at all which to his credit is very free from the fault conversant with such writings, a very complained of, excepting, perhaps, a smart unfavourable, or at least unsavoury, allusion to the "new.wine" of enibusiasm. impression ? So often seen in bad

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