Obrazy na stronie

which they do to the best of their ability should have been that has been called for by the public in the performed more regularly and fully, with the machinery last ten or eleven months, in the first place. and by the authority of the respective Learned Societies.

a lucid introduction to natural cr hyperbolic In the various Printing Clubs there are, as logarithms; a table of natural or hyperbolic nearly as can be ascertained, more than seven- logarithms from 1 to 1200; various trigonoteen thousand yearly subscribers. In the ori- metrical tables ; the diameter, circumference, ginal Percy and Bannatyne Societies the and area of circles from 0.1 to 100; the length system has been to produce a certain number of circular arcs radius = 1, from 1° to 180°; of books (from four to twelve at a time), but measurements of the superficies of the land on this has been found far from convenient, and continents and islands, in square degrees; a people are apt to look to the quantity of the table of the length, in yards, of one minute of text rather than to its merit. The price is of longitude and latitude, being one geographical course regulated by the charges for printing, or nautical mile, from 0° to 700 of latitude; illustrating, binding, and other contingencies. various important astronomical tables; and a

The following suggestion from Dr. Drake very curious formula furnished by Mr. Baron contains practical wisdom. Ten or twelve of Alderson, for the easy extraction of the roots of the minor metropolitan Societies are advised to perfect cube numbers not exceeding nine digits. rent a common building, to vary the evenings Our readers will perhaps consider the most and the hours of meeting, and, by a pleasant interesting of these tables, in a statistical point reciprocity, they could enable their members to of view. One supplied by Professor Babbage: command the advantages of a large library. it at least affords encouragement to those who We have spoken of prices—

aspire to longevity. At a Learned Society, the honoured Rox- 1751 persons were taken, all of whom had burghe Club, instituted some years ago in attained an hundred vears, and were all living commemoration of the celebrated sale of the at the same time. In one year they had dilibrary of John, Duke of Roxburghe, which minished to 1587, in the second vear to 1442, lasted for forty-two days, among the valuable in the third to 1280, in the fourth to 1126, and books disposed of on that occasion were the so on till, out of the original 1751, only 143 “Histories of Troy, a Tale Divine.” This was reached the age of 120; 44 survived to 130, sold, to Dr. Dibdin's vast delight, to the then 12 to 140: and one tough old gentleman acDuke of Devonshire, for nearly one thousand tually resisted the effects of time and weather, and sixty pounds.

till he had completed his ONE HUNDRED AND The celebrated Valdarfer Edition of Bocca- FIFTIETA year! cio, after a spirited contest, was knocked down, In the body of the work, besides the ordion the above occasion, for two thousand two nary interest tables, we have several, shewing hundred and sixty pounds! No bid was under the present value of various kinds of property, 1501.

such as reversionary freehold estates, advok. We recommend this volume as a very useful

ime as a very useful sons, &c.; the several times in which any prinbook of reference. Every one ought to have cipal doubles itself at any rate of interest from the information it contains close at hand; but two to ten per cent. ; tables shewing the pewe do not know where else it is to be found. Half the book's utility, however, is marred by the purchase-money paid for incomes continthe absence of an Index.

gent upon life; and many others equally im

portant and valuable, which we have not space Willich's Popular Tables for ascertaining the

to describe. value of Lifehold, Leasehold, and Church

The book should be in the possession of Property, Renewal Fines, 8c. Third Edition.

every man of business throughout the king. With additional Tables of Natural or Hyper

yper- dom: it needs only to be once referred to, in bolic Logarithms, Trigonometry, Geogra- order to be thoroughly appreciated.

phy, &c. Longmans. London, 1853. One of the most useful and most faultless books The Marine Botanist; an Introduction to the of the year. It is scarcely possible to imagine Study of the British Sea-weeds. By Isathe amount of labour saved to existing and fu- BELLA GIFFORD. Third Edition. Post 8vo. ture generations by these tables. Questions Folthorp, Brighton. 1853. that would require long and intricate calcula- PERHAPS of all scientific studies, as Miss Giftion, are here unerringly solved in an instant, ford calls it, that of the alge, or sea-weeds, is with a certainty and simplicity that leave' no- least known, for it cannot be studied by any thing to be desired.

who do not live at, or at least visit, the sea. In addition to the vast amount of informa- side; and this fact makes The Marine Botion comprised in former editions of Mr. Wil- tanist a most interesting book. Few, if any, lich's excellent book, we find in this, the third inland people know the many uses to which sea-weed is applied : it has been long a dainty, is clear and legible; and, in short, every care and longer still, has formed a portion of human seems to have been bestowed on the work. food, and has still more generally promoted the fertility of the soil. In the islands of the Gre- The Study of German simplified in a New, cian Archipelago a particular alga flavours the

Systematic, and Practical Grammar, acragouts; and the kind known as Irish Moss cording to the systems of Ollendorf and Dr. (caragheen), bleached and boiled into a jelly,

Ahn. By H. MANNHEIMER. Bonn: W. is exceedingly delicate and nutritious, and,

Salzbach. London: Williams and Norwhen properly manufactured, is, we are assured, gate. 1853. as pleasant to the palate as calf's-foot jelly, The Perfect Speaker, or a Complete Manual blanc-mange, custards, or preserves. Who of the idioms and difficulties of the German would not possess such culinary knowledge? and English Languages; with easy and It is in high esteem in China, where it is em modern German and English Dialogues. ployed medicinally against worms; and, in By H. MANNHEIMER. Bonn. London: that country, from a sea-weed gum, ornamental Williams and Norgate. 1853. lanterns are fabricated. Stranger still, the algæ The German student of the present day posconstitute the fundamental ingredient of edible sesses many and manifest advantages over swallows’-nests, the finest of which are sold to those who attempted to conquer the grammatithe Chinese for their weight in gold, though cal difficulties of this language a few years back. this, after all, may not be very much. It is a The fault of all former grammars, and indeed mistake to imagine that they are formed of of all the numerous elementary books that have animal gelatine. By the Highlanders and yet been put forward in Germany, has been Irish, sea-weed is largely consumed, after having that want of method and system which is so been soaked in fresh water : it is eaten either conspicuous in these. Nothing can exceed the dried or boiled, and, when dried, has somewhat lucid arrangement adopted by Mr. Mannheiof the odour and flavour of violets. It affords mer in his practical grammar, which reminds food also to the natives of Australia and to the us forcibly of the excellent French grammars Sandwich Islanders. It is also the pabulum published many years ago by M. Hamel, of the tasteful pilchard.

certainly the best introduction to that language For manure it is collected on most of the sea. that ever issued from the press. shores, especially in Jersey, Wales, and Ire Mr. Mannheimer has supplied a want long land; and is beneficial to most garden vege- acknowledged by every English student of the tables, especially to artichokes. In the Orkney German language, and yet his plan is so simand Shetland Isles, when mixed with sea-sand ple, that, like all others of a similar nature, we and stable-litter, asparagus and sea-kale thrive wonder it has not been adopted years ago. under it. It is good for fertilizing potatoes. Our author's great object has been to teach Pigs are very fond of it, and devour it greedily his pupil to think in German, without which in the fields, where it is spread for manure. none can hope to converse in it with fluency.

In the three kingdoms, especially in the north For this purpose he has collected a number of of Scotland, it is burned in ovens or pits and easy sentences, in constant use in the daily formed into kelp, which is the carbonate of affairs of life, or drawn from the works of classoda employed in glass and soap making, &c. sical writers, and he has interwoven them with In the Channel Islands the fuci (a species of anecdotes and proverbs exhibiting the spirit algæ) give a most peculiar flavour in smoking and genius of the nation. In Mr, Mannheibacon and fish : it also gives a gout to the crabs mer's own words, we may affirm that " while and lobsters on these coasts.

on the one hand the student finds no material Milton, alluding to the marine algæ, ob- points omitted, on the other, he will not be serves—

overburdened with intricacies of constructions, “ Forthwith the sounds and seas, each creek and bay, and an accumulation of rules at the beginning With fry innumerable swarm, and shoals

of his task.” Of fish :-part single, or with mate

It may indeed be affirmed, that, with the Graze, the sea-weed their pasture, and through groves of coral stray."

aid of these two books, and the occasional adThis Marine Botanist is a good bulky vo- ties and intricacies of the language may be

vice of an experienced German, all the difficullume, and right well worthy of perusal.

mastered without effort in a very few months. The Spectator. Post 8vo. Bosworth. 1853. The World's Greatest Benefactor. A Lecture A REPRINT of Addison's and Steele's Spectator. delivered by ALEXANDER WALLACE, EdinA book in which something good and fresh burgh. Post 8vo. London: Hamilton, may ever be found. This edition is remarka- Adams, & Co. 1853. bly neat, portable, and compendious; the type This publication was addressed to a large meeting of the working-classes of Bradford, the intricacies of government, with its bearings and printed at their request. It is piously elo- on the interests of the commonwealth. Phy. quent, and it would be well if there were many sicians and men of law must devote themselves more such books given to the public; for its to the attainment of a profound insight into style and doctrine are plain and clear, and every the area of their several professions; and this line is intelligible to the humblest capacity. knowledge must be acquired in each and every

case beyond, and independently of, ordinary Outlines of Mental and Moral Science. In and matter-of-course education. Shall they,

tended for the Purposes of General Instruc- then, on whom devolves the most important tion; as well as for the Use of the Higher charge of all, assume it without adequate preClasses in Male and Female Academies, and paration, or a due appreciation of its peculiar as an Introduction to the Logic, Metaphy- difficulties and responsibilities ? That such has sics, and Ethics of Colleges. By DAVID till within a very recent period, been the case, STUART. D.D. Second Edition. 'enlarged. is a state of things as lamentable as it is unde. Dublin: James M‘Glashan. Post 8vo. 1853. niable; and though a strong feeling has latterly

been awakened on the subject, the necessity A BOOK whose purport is sufficiently defined by

of devising a remedy fully recognised, and parits title. It contains much general and histori

tially good results obtained, the main deficiency cal information, but its grand aim is to promote

still exists in unabated deformity. piety and devotional feeling. "Ask Cuvier,"

To supply

this deficiency, it is contemplated to establish exclaims the Rev. Dr. Stuart, “and he will

Theological Colleges in various parts of the answer that an undevout anatomist is mad;"

country; institutions especially designed for and so say Galen and Sir John Herschell. A

the training of aspirants to the sacred ministry, Lexicon, at the end of the volume, contains a mass of information, tending to a more extended

not only by directing their studies to Church

History, and such other knowledge as more knowledge of the principles of pure Christianity.

particularly concerns their office, but further The author quotes many curious remarks : for

to imbue them with a truer and deeper sense instance, he cites Archbishop Whately—“ Sui

of its nature, and the duties attaching to it, cide, if any one considers the nature and not the

than they, for the most part, can acquire under name of it, evidently wants the most essential

the present system. character of murder, viz. the hurt and injury

The Bishop of Lichfield,

in a recent charge to his Clergy, investigated done to one's neighbour in depriving him of

the question with much acumen, but with a life, as well as to others, by the insecurity they

certain caution befitting the discussion of a proare, in consequence, liable to feel. And since

ject yet in its infancy. Mr. Hebert, in the no one, strictly speaking, can do injustice to

essay before us, takes a lucid and suggestive himself, he cannot, in the literary and primary

view of it. He shews that a College for each acceptation of the words, be said either to rob

diocese, as is by some proposed, would be conor to murder himself.” “ This may be true," comments Dr. Stuart, “using the terms justice

siderably more than the necessity of the case and injustice in their conventional meaning, ac

demands. He contemplates five as a desirable cording to the usages of human society and the

number, which might be situated in London, decisions of human laws; but murder is injus

Bristol, Lampeter, Liverpool, and one of the

midland towns. These, in conjunction with tice, and equally so is suicide.”

Oxford, Cambridge, and Durham Universities,

would, he assumes, answer the purpose fully, Theological Colleges. By the Rev. C. HE

and might properly supersede all other existing BERT. S. Bowering, Dalton, Wertheim and

institutions of like character.
institutions of liki

The propriety Mackintosh, London.

of maintaining a connection between the TheoThe Educational Franchise. Hatchard, Ridg. logical Colleges and the Universities is geneway.

rally recognised ; a connection which may be The subject treated in the first of these pam- carried out, either by requiring all candidates phlets is one that has long engaged the deepest for Holy Orders to study during an exira year attention of a large portion of the community; in one of the former, after keeping their terms and rightly so. In this vigilant age, when at the University; or, as our author suggests, whatever concerns the improvement and ge- by permitting them to take their Bachelor's neral ordering of society, in a secular sense, is Degree, if competent, in the seventh term of considered and investigated with an acumen residence, and to keep the remaining three at a and earnestness unparalleled, it would be strange Theological College. It is clearly expedient indeed if somewhat of the same animus did not that these Colleges should be constituted as extend itself to things spiritual. All who would adjuncts to the Universities, not as in any way be eminent in the political sphere must be superseding them. Though an University eduthoroughly versed in the world's history, and cation, by familiarizing the mind with the world

as it is, and bringing all variety of character, of electors, under their several divisions abore temperament, and genius, into contact, expands enumerated, in Great Britain, are estimated at the range of ideas, and engenders a generous 92,618, and the number of Members to be thus and liberal tone of feeling, it has a tendency, elected at 70. In making this latter recomas experience amply shews, to impress upon mendation, the writer seems to have forgotten the future clergyman, a secularity, incompatible, the motto Ne quid nimis. Had he more fully abstractedly considered, with his sacred office. considered the matter, it would puzzle him On the other hand, an exclusively ecclesiastical to determine how room is to be found for training is attended with the danger of begetting this addition of seventy Members to the already a spiritual pride, a confined view of things, and overgrown House of Commons. Now, since a lack of ihat sympathy with the community the proposition he advocates has, in the main, without which the ministrations of the Pastor, our unqualified warm approval, and we are however earnest and devoted, must necessarily always ready to help a friend in need, we will fail of their desired end. It is solely by the suggest a method whereby the difficulties aris. blending together of these apparently dis- ing from making the house yet more uncordant elements that we can hope for the wieldy than it is may be obviated. The new attainment of the happy result long looked for, Members would present unquestionably the but never yet accomplished. Into the details beau ideal of purity of election: no corrupt of the construction and government of these influences could by possibility be brought into proposed Colleges it is not our province to play as regards them. We would suggest, enter. The principle alone we would illustrate then, that all seats in future declared void by as one which all must admit to be at least reason of bribery should be supplied by them; worthy of the most careful investigation, af- and, if the experience of the last Session is to fecting, as it does, the highest interests of all be in any way relied upon, there cannot exist classes.

a shadow of doubt but that the seventy vacanAkin, in some degree, to this reform con- eies required for the purpose will be speedily templated in the constitution of the Church, is available; thus affording a most agreeable illusthe improvement in that of the House of Com- tration of the process of eliciting good out of mons, discussed in the second of the above evil. pamphlets. Among the multifarious projects sta ved off by our legislators to the next Session The Bouquet culled from Marylebone Garis another revision of the constituency, one dens. By Blue Bell and Mignionette, and feature of which we may reasonably hope to arranged by Thistle for private circulation. be the establishment of an educational franchise, Nos. 26, 27, 28, 29. London: Printed at Few will be disposed to underrate the beneficial the “Bouquet" Press, 1853. results derivable from the introduction into the The indefatigable editress of this charming Lower House of a certain number of Members serial, displays, with unremitting energy, fresb who have not been compelled to go through

grace, and some new beauties in every Number. the unsavoury process of soliciting the “sweet Each' bright garland that she weaves is, in voices” of the multitude, but who will enter

some respect, more attractive than the last, no upon their legislative functions untrammelled by effort being spared to select from every clime any political pledges or party incumbrances. the choicest flowers, and to arrange them in harHow to accomplish this desirable objeet is the monious order. To her, neither the chilling question. The actual solution of the problem severity of winter, the backwardness of spring, inust await the deliberation of the wise heads the duilleaden sky of our northern summer, to which the destinies of the nation are now nor the decadence of autumn, seem to present entrusted. In the mean time there can be no any material obstacle to the successful accomharm in hearing the suggestions of an indi- plishment of her pleasing task. It has been vidual. The present writer, then, proposes that said that, the new educational franchise should be con

" E'en in the stifling bosom of the Town ferred on Clergymen and Ministers of all de- A garden, in which nothing thrives, has charms nominations, on barristers, attorneys, and other That soothe the rich possessor." legal functionaries; professors of medicine and What, then, would the poet have said or sung surgery; half-pay and retired officers of the had he been permitted to wander through those army and navy, and of the East-India Compa- blooming gardens, whence the fair “Migniony's service; Graduates of the Universities, and nette” culls, with so much skill, her nevercertificated Schoolmasters; and finally, Fellows fading blossoms, and tends with gentle hand of the Royal Society, and of all other chartered her literary and scientific bodies. The Members Unblown flowers-new appearing sweets. to be selected by this learned constituency must Unlike the trashy wares, so seduously puffed of course be of the same class. The numbers and incessantly palmed off upon an indiscri. minating public by our west-end publishers, of the early Church, as it brings us no further the numbers of this periodical are “not to be than the Council of Chalcedon. bought for gold.” The youthful editress of the Mr. Neale treats this epoch with clearness 6. Bouquet” and her co-adjutors, seek not a and precision, and narrates with truthful simcirculation beyond their own circle. They plicity the stirring events which characterise crave neither notoriety nor fame, nor that the dawning of Christianity ;-the disputes and _" habitation, giddy and unsure.”

Councils—the heresies and persecutions through Which he hath “ that buildeth on the vulgar heart.” which the as yet infant Church manfully fought Their merits and abilities are patent enough to her way, rising, phenix-like, with renewed viall by whom they would be known, and they tality from every fresh attack, and displaying, in are-many.

the constancy and devotion of her saints and marIn that delightful district where, mirabile tyrs, a vigour and energy almost beyond the be. dictu, the flowers are vocal again as in the lief of this lax, slothful, and self-indulgent age. days of Ovid, a peculiarity of these specimens The minds of the young, can scarcely be too displayed before us is, that each retains the in- early impressed with these recitals of Christian itial letter of the contributor who has under heroism, so worthy of the holy cause in whose gone a temporary metamorphosis. We should behalf it was called forth; and we know of no scarcely have expected such a phenomenon as influence so well calculated to elevate the this in modern days, and least of all in the smoky mental standard, and confirm the faith of atmosphere of the great metropolis. Yet the the rising generation, as that produced by an Marylebone Bouquet incessantly exhales agree- acquaintance with the sublime character de able odours; or, in other words, both the proseveloped through the fierce and fiery trials of and verse of the floral authors exhibit, for the religious persecution. most part, a creditable amount of fancy, feeling, and good sense.

The Pastor and his Flock. A Tale. Cleaver. The idea which prompted the establishment of this periodical was à bappy one, and one

Not personal experience only, but a sensitive that, we understand, is likely to be acted upon

heart to turn that experience to account, is soon on a more extended scale.

requisite for one who would appropriately Authors are beginning to find, somewhat chro

chronicle tardily it is true, that they may very well dis

well dis. The short but simple annals of the poor. pense with the offices of those drones of so- Both these essential qualifications the authoress ciety, the publishers, who have been too long of the present little volume evidently possesses; battening on the honey while the poor bees and the result is, a brief and unpretending have perished. Literary men, however, now series of touching sketches, setting forth the ask, “Why should we toil to enrich lazy tender care of the Pastor over his flock, the tradesmen, and reap ourselves, no profit from homely virtues of some, the ill courses of others, our work? What need, indeed, have we of the arising from ignorance and evil associations, Lintots, the Curlls, the Osbornes, the Caves, or and the influences effecting their reformation. the Cadells of the present day? Let us give A leisure half-hour might be less profitably our works to the world, and let the public send spent than in running through these 130 pages. to us for the books they require." An Association, we are assured, is forming to carry out Fern Leaves from Fanny's Portfolio. Illusthis admirable project. It cannot but prove suc- trated by Birket Foster. London: Ingram, cessful, if properly conducted, and it will effect Cooke, and Co. 1853. the overthrow of the most grinding tyranny THESE “Fern Leaves,” gathered, as the fair that has ever disgraced the republic of letters. writer assures us, “at random in shady spots,

where sunbeams seldom play,” are in reality A History of the Church for the Use of Chil- a series of short, interesting, and entertaille

dren. By the Rev. J. M. NEALE. ing articles, most of which were written for, AMONG the many ecclesiastical histories we and published in, various American journals : already possess, we do not know of any which others now appear in print for the first time.. offer the qualification by which the title of the Some of these effusions are thrown off in present one is accompanied.

a grave, others in a lively vein : the book is • This is a want that has long been felt, and consequently fragmentary in its character, and, we are glad to see it supplied by one who has as such, peculiarly adapted for perusal, either hitherto been so forward in providing instruc- on a journey, or during those broken hours tive entertainment for youthful lovers of historic when we have not either time or inclination lore.

to apply to more serious or less desultory stu“ Part I.” only has as yet been issued from dies. There is scarcely one among these the press, and may rather be called a history sketches wbich does not convey an useful les

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