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helpless than his own; that he in fact forced his arguments in favour of will be a virtual contributor to the good the necessity of national Church of humanity, and to the interest of the Establishments, by a reference to for himself, and leaving yonr fund entire the state of religious profession in and untouched for higher charities; that the American Union. In ten out of he ought, on this ground, to make com
fifteen States, it seems, that there mon cause with you; and that he rendlers a most important co-operation, when he
is " no provision for the mainteceascs to be burdensonie, and ministers nance of religious instructors.”with his own hands to his own necessities. “ Eight have no religious creed, Such an argument tells with prodigious the others use a formal lest ; i. e. eff:ct in many parishes of Scotland.am three require a belief in God; one, and it will tell in England too, as soon as it is relieved from that artificial system, faith in the Gospel ; two, faith in by which the worth and capability of the the Old and New Testament; popular mind are now overborné. Therefour, faith in the Protestant reli. will at length be a kindred spirit, between tie aristocracy of a parish and its gion.” A farther reference to the common people. Public charity will fall calculations of the Rev. Dr. Lyman into desuetude. Instead of a now appre- Beecher makes it
that five hended deficiency in the voluntary fund, millions out of eight
are destithere will be a now unlooked for surplus: tute of competent religious instrucThe point will not merely be carried, but overcarried--and the best auxiliaries on
tion." A very important part of the side of this great reformation, will this inquiry turns upon the precise be found in that very class of families, force of the word “ competent.” out of which pauperism pow draws its We do not suppose that Mr. Wilks ravening myriads."-pp. 360–363.
would restrict it to the sermons With much valuable information and liturgies of an Episcopalian and reasoning on economical sub- hierarchy; but we apprehend, that jects, these volumes mingle many he would use the phrase in a more passages of rich and animated limited sense than we should feel composition; and, though we dif- willing to admit. Even Dr. fer entirely from Dr. Chalmers Beecher is not altogether free from in some of his ecclesiastical prin prejudice in this point; though ciples, we have risen from the # å stout congregationalist," he perusal of the work with increased seems to have a tolerably episcopal veneration for his character and disinclination to countenance irreabilities as a political economist gularity. and as a Christian philanthropist.
We are not aware how far the " A large deduction is to be made views of Dr. Chalmers may have from Dr. Beecher's calculations ; so far,
at least, as relates to their fatal aúgury the approbation of influential men; for the future. He counts only regular but if we are to consider the clergy; all the rest go for nothing with Quarterly Review as expressing him. By regular clergy, however, he their prevailing sentiments, and to
does not intend, as do our high-church
formalists, to designate merely the episform our judgment from a singu- copal priesthood, for this profound and larly weak and blundering article celebrated Connecticut divine, is himself in the last number, his ideas stand a stout congregationalist ; but such only little chance of patronage from the
as have been regularly trained to the constituted authorities.
ministry of reconciliation, at some academic institution, or college; whether at Harvard, Princeton, Yale, or else
where. Thoughts on the Anglican and An- “Now, within the limits of this calglo-American Churches. By John culation are not included all, even
of the Bristed.
Independent, Presbyterian, and Episco
pal clergy, throughout the Union. And ( Concluded from page 256.) they do not comprehend any of the three
thousand irregular Baptist preachers; The Rev. T. C. Wilks, in the the one thousand travelling, and the four work before-mentioned, had en- thousand local preachers, among the Cona. Mag. No. 69.
Methodists : both of whom, as religious loads of Missionaries coming into Princebodies, preach the Gospel faithfully and ton, on their way to the Indians! The successfully, to the conversion and sal- wilderness and the solitary place shall vation of sinners; the Baptists as Cal- be glad for them. And how still more vinists; the Methodists as Arminians. astonishing that these Indians should be Deduct the services of all but college- made willing to devote to the education bred ministers in England, and the reli- of their children all the dollars paid to gion of that country will be in a very them, in annual instalments, for lands, - small way. The clergy of all arms, in by the government of the United States. the United States, may be thus counted
... Blessed be God! the appearances in round numbers :
in all Christian countries indicate, that American-Anglo Church, or Pro
we are rapidly passing into a new oriler testant Episcopal
of things. Indeed, all the great events Presbyterian, since their late junc
of our own times seem but the harbinger tion
of his appearance, who is the desire of Congregational or Independent - 1,600
all nations."--pp. 289, 290. Baptists, chiefly particular, some general
3,000 A general scheme for the estaMethodists, travelling preachers 1,000 blishment of a national church in Local preachers
4,000 America, seems a measure very -All other denominations, includ
little likely to be adopted, since ing Papists
there are many and formidable Total of American clergy in 1822 11,800 difficulties in its way at the very
outset. In the first place, Congress “ Say eleven thousand eight hundred, has no power to decree such a which gives more than one clergyman to every thousand souls, even computing measure, since the federal constithe population of the United States at tution leaves the business of eccleten millions."--pp. 283, 284.
siastical regimen entirely in the We are happy to learn, not hands of the State legislatures ; merely from the testimony of Mr. and, secondly, if such a plan were Bristed, but from other concurring in agitation, it would be no ensy sources of information, that, how- matter to determine which should unfavourable
appearances be the dominant sect. may be in certain quarters, reli- tainly,” says Mr. Bristed, “ it gion is, on the whole, decidedly would not be the American-Anglo advancing in the United States. Church; and the political preceThe disciples of Jesus are nume- dency would not easily be settled rous and active ; religious institu- among the Presbyterians, Congretions, if they do not exceed, equal gationalists, Methodists, and Bapin number, those of England; the tists.” After having referred to revivals in different parts of the certain statements of Dr. ChalUnion are
greater than ever,”. 'mers, Mr. B. makes the following and Mr. B. states, that he has important remarks in connexion “ made special inquiry" respect- with the subject of patronage. ing them, and the result has been an assurance, “ that the far greater facts and observations, to show forth
or Does Dr. Chalmers exhibit these portion of those who commence a religious profession under these the existing system of patronage, in the
the beneficial tendencies and influences of impressions, continue till death to Anglican Church Establishment ? It adorn the doctrine of divine influ- was the patronage of the British Governence.”
ment, which manufactured those very
formal Bishops, who scowl with the 6 Christian missions, too, to be darkest frowns upon the apostolic lamore and more popnlar; and the duty bours of their evangelical brother of of the church to identify them as an in- Gloucester; those very formal Bishops, tegral part of its institutions, begins to who, if report speaks truth, laboured by be more generally felt and acknowledged unanimous petition, both archiepiscopal in this highly favoured country. What and prelatical, to prevent Dr. Ryder a cheering sight it was, on the 9th of from ascending to his present elevation; March, 1821, to see coach and waggon their righteous petition only failing in its
object by the force of family and frater- It appears that the grand expenal effort. “We beliere the best system of church
riment was once actually tried in patronage to be, the election of the America, and that the measure clergyman by the people, who pay him hail, to use Mr. Bristed's language, his stipend, and to whom he administers “ the usual success of promoting in spiritual things. In these, United discord, and diminishing religion. States, and among the evangelical Dissenters in Britain, where the people ac
In the year 693, Colonel Flet-, tually call and elect their own ministers, ther, Governor of the province of a much greater proportion of vital reli- New York, undertook to saddle gion, and active practical pioty, are found, than in the churches of the
Angli; of a regular Episcopal Establish
the people with the incumbrance can, the Hibernian, and the Scottish Establishments ; in which, the civil ment, though the Episcopalians of government, the lay nobility and gentry, the Colony were few, and the the Bishops, and the corporate bodies, members of the Dutch church had both secular and clerical, dispose of all
a decided superiority in “numthe ecclesiastical dignities and benefices.
" It is also worthy of remembrance, bers, wealth, and respectability." that the mere possession of large funds The house of assembly was exand revenues cannot render a church ceedingly averse to the scheme; flourishing and prosperous. If it could; but, at length, intrigue prevailed, the Established Church of England, with an annual income greater than the whole and a small majority was obtained, permanent capital of all the American Considerable dexterity was manichurches put together, would infallibly fested in the construction of the crush the efforts of all other sects;
act. It did not compel the elecinstead of continually clamouring about her own danger of perishing from the tion of Episcopal clergymen ; it rapid and increasing growth of so many even allowed, in explicit terms, of various denominations of Dissenters. the choice of Dissenters, but by
" By far the wealthiest of all the re- lodging the power of decision in ligious bodies in these United States, is the Protestant Episcopal Communion, in vestrymen and churchwardens, the city of New York supposed to pos- the object was sufficiently secured. sess real estate to the amount of six This state of things, as might be millions of dollars in value; though not imagined, where, as in England, yielding an income corresponding with so large a capital. Yet the American
all were compelled to contribute Anglo Church walks very far behind
to the maintenance of the clergy, many other denominations, in numbers, produced much discontent, and and activity, and influence. “The real,
the only secret of a church's operated grievously to the injury prosperity, is to be found in her clergy of real religion. This partial and preaching the Gospel, and performing oppressive system was broken up the duties of their pastoral office con- by the Revolution, and since that scientiously and well.
event, “ there has been an increas“ Scarcely any of the greatest and most powerful Christian corporations in ing. harmony among the various the Union, to wit, the Presbyterians, the
Christian denominations; and a Congregationalists, the Baptists, and considerably increased diffusion of the Methodists, possess large permanent vital piety, throughout the comfunds ; yet they increase and multiply on all sides; and their wants are sup
munity at large." plied by the contributions of a willing
A similar experiment, but on a people, attached to their faithful mini- much larger scale, was tried in sters, who preach evangelically. A pious Virginia, and its result was equally clergy generally makes a pious laity; illustrative of “the efficacy of and men really religious, are always ready to give of their temporal substance formalism in destroying, and of to promote the interests of the Re- evangelism in building up reli, deemer's kingdom; to give a part of gious bodies.” Into that extenthat gold and silver, all of which belongs sive province episcopacy was into God, as sole proprietor of the universe; for the purpose of erecting tem
troduced apparently under the ples to his worship and honour.'
most favourable circumstances.
“ An ample provision was made for
pp. 307, 308.
the main enance of the clergy, who can and Hibernian state churches hare were, generally, regularly bred clerks, unceasingly laboured, and do now endeasent over from the state church in Eng- vour, to depress, and to destroy."-pp. land ; and Virginia was deemed to be an 315-317. integral part of the diocese of the Bishop of London. These established clergy, It requires no great exercise of however, by persevering in a regular sägacity to perceive that
the system of formalism, accompanied with most threatening sign of the prea corresponding secular life, soon des molished episcopacy in that important
sent times is irreligion, and it section of the Union.
might be supposed that there Of late years, after a long night of could be little difference of opientire prostration, the Protestant Epis- nion respecting the true method copal Church has risen from its ashes, in
of averting its ominous aspect. that state, under the auspices of its evangelical bishop, and an evangelical Of all moral engines, a wealthy clergy, treading in the footsteps of their establishment must, in the very venerable diocesan. And, at this mo- nature of things, be the least effi. ment, there is no other portion of the cacious, in that species of warUnited States, where the AmericanAnglo-Church flourishes so much, and
fare which the active spirit of inincreases so rapidly:
fidelity and impiety requires, “ And to say truth, in all the other dio. There will be learning, and there ceses, wherever the clergy, preach the may be piety, but neither of them evangelical doctrines of tảeir own arti. cles and homilies, their churches are
will be of the kind required to filled, and numbers continually added to encounter the suspicions and the their communion.' While the formalists, hostilities of the multitude, when like their brethren in England, either inoculated with the virus of unempty the churches which they find full, belief, and not only prejudiced or never fill those which they find empty; and then shake their sagacious heads in against religion itself, but conutter surprize, at the rapid growth of founding with its essential chaother denominations, whose ministers propound the doctrines of the Cross, under which it is presented to
racter and requisitions, the form faithfully, fervently, zealously.
“ Hence, we conclude, that the recipe them by lordly and interested of a church establishment, prescribed by men. He is the most effectual the English doctors, is not an infallible evangelist who addresses mankind remedy for that low state of American religion, whieb they so confidently an
from their own level; and he nounce, and so pathetically deplore.
will be found the most firmly “ The truth is, a national church es. rooted in the affections of his tablishment, invariably, adds to the na- hearers, who has been the object tural formalism of man, the necessary of their trial and their choice. secularity of a secular government and a secular patronage; whence, it is scarcely, But though we are convinced of if at all, possible, under such a system, the entire inadequacy of establishto keep alive a general spirit of piety, ments--to say nothing at present throughout the great body of the national of their antiscriptural nature to communion. How far the alliance be. tween church and state, the pluralities,
meet the spiritual exigencies of a the gross inequality in the revenues of nation, and, above all, the alarming the different bishoprics and benefices, symptoms of the immediate crisis, the Translations from see to see, the sine- yet there is an actual evil that ries, prebends, and other noneffective weighs still more heavily on the appointments, in conjunction with the temporal and eternal destinies of mode of ecclesiastical provision, is calcu- England. We refer to the unrelated to subserve the cause of real Chris- lenting enmity cherished against tianity, may be seen from the actual state of religion in the English and Irish esta
what are usually termed evangeblishinents, now, after all the advantages lical sentiments by our leading derired to them from the frequent revi- statesmen. Though there are vals of evangelical piety, which hare taken place in those two countries, during the
some, among them, who last eighty years; which revivals, it
tertain more etilightened views cannot be too often repeated, the Anglia in this matter, yet those who
exercise the government patronage wish concerning the hierarchy of in England, are evidently and Great Britain is that we may see avowedly hostile to opinions and it filling the sees and parishes of feelings, which they confound Ireland with such men as Newton, with ignorance and fanaticism. Grimshaw, Cecil, and Seott. It is one of the most emphatic in- In the mean time, if the men dications that the principles of of Establishments will not do the establishments are at variance with work, Dissenters must; and, if a the principles of Gospel regimen double task is thrown upon us, we and discipline, one of the most must rouse ourselves to meet it; impressive illustrations of the the best of causes is in our hands, great Scripture canon, My king- and the Highest of beings is on dom is not of this world, that, at a
We have little influó season when the most strenuous ence in cabinets, none in catheexertions of pious men in preach- drals, but by our earnest pleading, reasoning, praying, and con- ings we may persuade our fellowsistent living, are urgently required, men, and by our fervent prayers the patrons and administrators of we may prevail with God. a great national ecclesiastical esta- In our former notice of this blishinent not only are deaf to the able and interesting, work, we call, but treat it with scorn and cited a passage as original, which derision. We firmly believe that had been extracted by Mr. Bristed the preservation of Ireland, as an from Messrs. Bogue and Bennett's integral portion of the British History of Dissent.
We were empire, depends upon the efforts not aware of our oversight until of an evangelical ministry, deeply reminded of the circumstance by imbued with a missionary spirit, a friend, and our first impulse was zealous and devoted to their great to accuse Mr. Bristed of plagiary, work. The tythe-system, with a On reference, however, we find secular and non-resident clergy, that though he has not distinhave brought almost irretrievable guished the extent of his quotacalamities on that unhappy land. tions by inverted commas, he has As Dissenters, we are, of course, in a previous page spoken of them hostile to the very principle of rather loosely as “ gathered from a establishments, but our prevailing modern popular and able work."
Literaria Rediviva; or, The Book Worm.
The Sermons of the Right Rev. saw, in early life, the print which
Father in God, Master Hugh represents him in his “old threadLatimer, Bishop of Worcester. bare Bristol frize gown," with his Many of which were preached Bible under his arm, and his staff before King Edward 6th, the in his hand, advancing boldly to Privy Council, Parliament, and the seat of unrighteous judgment. Nobility, on the Religious and And we never read his sublinie Civil Liberlies of Englishmen, appeal to his fellow-sufferer at the fc. In two Volumes. London: stake-"We shall this day, my 1758.
Lord, light such a candle in Eng
land, as shall never be extinWe have had a special regard for guished,”—without feeling stirred this old worthy, ever since ve as by the sound of a trumpet,