« PoprzedniaDalej »
versity and confusion of views, both in Europe and this coun. try. The right of property lies at the foundation of the disputes which, in an age of advancing political freedom, must ever exist between the reforming and conservative classes of society; and in a republican country should be well understood by the people, as well as the government. The publication of Dr. Leiber's work, therefore, in an economical form, may be considered seasonable for the exertion of an extensive and a salutary influence. The author maintains, and we think demonstrates, that the rights of property are connected with the earliest and most lasting necessities of our being. They are not the results of law or government, but have a being before government and independent of it. They are rights which it is the office of human legislation, not to create, but to protect.
The Natural History of Selborne, is a volume of 335 pages, containing brief sketches of the natural scenery, the soils, productions, birds, beasts, reptiles, wild and tame animals in great variety, to be found in the parish of Selborne, (England,) a hundred years ago. It is written in the form of letters, in two series, the first of which is forty-four in number, and the second, sixty-two, accompanied with fifty-two wood engravings. It is a book of peculiar character, but simple and intelligible in its style, and well adapted to entertain and instruct the young reader.
4.-History of the Great Reformation of the Sixteeth Century in
Germany, Switzerland, &c. By J.H. Merle D'Aubigné,
fifth London Edition. New York: Robert Carter, 1842. The first and second volumes of this History were noticed in our last number. The opinion we there expressed of the rare excellency of the work is fully sustained by the present volume. While the sketch of Luther and his coadjutors in Germany has been continued with perhaps equal ability, the progress of the new opinions in Switzerland is invested with still greater interest, and the history of the Reformation in France is mainly drawn from unpublished documents, which throw much additional light on that eventful period. The printed materials for the early history of Protestantism in the latter country are few and scanty, owing to the severe and incessant trials which have harassed the Reformed Congregations. Hence the author has been led to devote much time and labor to the examination of MSS., and the facts obtained in this way have enabled him "to reconstruct an entire phase of the Reformation in France.” Beza has allotted but four pages to a period which occupies 164 pages of the volume before us.
5.—Lectures on Agricultural Chemistry and Geology. By James
F. W. Johnson, M. A., F. R. SS. L. and E. Fellow of the Geological Society, etc. etc. New-York: Wiley &
Putnam, 1842. pp. 300. These lectures were addressed to a society of practical farmers in England, many of whom, as the author tells us, possessed no knowledge of scientific Chemistry or Geology. He accordingly employs no scientific terms and introduces no philosophical principles which he does not fully explain. The work is designed for the benefit of practical agriculturists in general, and is adapted to the average knowledge of that class. Any man of ordinary capacity, if he will “ begin at the beginning,” and read the book in its order, may easily comprehend its instructions and appropriate its principles in practice. We are much pleased with the clearness and simplicity of its statements, and do not hesitate to recommend it as admirably well adapted to direct our farmers in general to the best methods of rendering their lands, as well as their labor, productive of the most bountiful results. We advise them to read it.
6.-The Biblical Cabinet, or Hermeneutical, Exegetical, and
Philological Library. Vol. XXXII. Annotations on
duction and Preface. Edinburgh: Thomas Clark, 1841. The character and object of the Biblical Cabinet are sufficiently known from the title, and from previous notices in the Repository. The selections and the typographical execution are usually worthy of all praise; the translations perhaps not always the best. The present volume embraces a preface, in which the religious opinions of Kant are exhibited in extracts from his works, taken from the American Biblical Repository, No. I, January, 1831. Prof. Robinson's opinion of Rosenmüller's works, as “unadapted to the taste of American Students," is also quoted. Dr. E. W. Hengstenberg's Introduc. tion to the Messianic Psalms, translated by the Rev. R. Keilb, follows the preface, and will sufficiently correct any erroneous views of Rosenmüller. Next we have a general introduction to the book of Psalms of great value, then the annotations on the Messianic Psalms; and finally, Datke's Latin version.
7.-Sermons on the Life of the Early Christians, by Dr. Chr.
Ludw. Couard. Translated from the German by Leopold 1. Bernays. Vol. XXXIII. Biblical Cabinet. Edin.
burg, 1841. It is interesting to be made acquainted with the early Chris. tians, as we are in this volume. We here see them in their practical life, rather than on the arena of controversy, and we rejoice to find them exhibiting so much of the evangelical spirit, so much of likeness to Christ. It is equally interesting to know that sermons of so holy a tendency are preached from the pulpits of Germany, and issued from its presses. In the sermons entitled, “ Zeal in Prayer of the Early Christians;" “ The Life of Early Christians a life of Love;" “ Earnestness of the first Christians in forsaking the World ;” and “the Fa. mily Life of the Early Christians," there will be found many admirable thoughts and delightful sentiments. The views ex. hibited are just, and well worthy the attention of Christians in our day and in our land. The translation is good, and the book such as we can safely recommend.
8.-History of the first Planting and Training of the Christian
Church by the Apostles. By Dr. Augustus Neander.
inet. Vols. XXXIV, XXXV. 1842. These volumes will doubtless be welcomed by the scholars of Great Britain and the United States. They refer to an interesting period of the world's history, and come from the pen of Neander, than whom there is probably no better, no more impartial ecclesiastical historian living. We are obliged, however, to say, that the volumes are not printed with that accuracy and taste, which the matter merits, and which an Edinburgh press ought to exhibit. On the first two pages of the “ Biographical Notice,” there are no less than seven mis. takes in the printing of German words, and throughout, an utter inattention to the accentuation of the Greek. In most words, the accents are altogether omitted, without distinction even of the aspirated and unaspirated vowels; then again, on the same page, and even in the same sentence and clause, some words are accented, others not. These we consider imperfections in the book, which, we hope, Mr. Clark will in future avoid. Yet, notwithstanding these violations of taste and of correct typography, the work will unquestionably commend itself to public attention.
9.-The Poems of John G. C. Brainard, with an original Me
moir of his Life. Hartford : Edward Hopkins, 1842. This is a pretty, delicate duodecimo volume, creditable to the publisher, and, in some measure, emblematic of the pure spirit, whose thoughts and words its pages reveal. J. G. C. Brainard, the author of the poems, was born at New-London, Conn., near the close of the last century, was graduated at Yale College, studied law, located himself for practice at Middletown in his native state, but soon discovering the unadaptedness of his tastes and talents to his profession, gave the reins to his poetic genius, and finally became the editor of a newspaper at Hartford. In this calling, he labored assiduously, until impaired health sent him again to his father's fireside, where he gave up the ghost, leaning his head on his Saviour's bosom and breathing his “ life out sweetly there”— called to string a better barp tban earth could furnish, and to attüne it to noble themes in a better clime.
The memoir prefixed to the poems, occupies some seventy pages, and is appropriately arranged and well expressed. It represents Brainard as a man of strong sensibilities, of social manners, sometimes jovial and witty, and manifesting those traits, which generally, more or less, characterize the man of poetic genius. The poetry of the volume does not exhibit that loftiness of thought nor that elevation of sentiment, which would entitle the author to a rank amongst the first of poets ; yet there is much worthy of admiration, and occasional passages are sweetly charming. Among the most interesting are those, “On the Birth Day of Washington;" “Lines suggested by a late Occurrence ;” “An Occurrence on board a Brig;" “Is it Fancy, or is it Fact ?” “On Connecticut River.”
10.—Chapters on Church-yards. By Caroline Southey, Au
thoress of “Solitary Hours," &c. &c. New York:
Wiley and Putnam, 1842, pp. 332. This is a reprint of an English work, tastefully written, sentimental, descriptive and amusing. It is divided into twentysix chapters, the subjects of which cannot be easily named or defined. They are all, however, more or less occupied with descriptions of the scenery, the taste and ornament displayed in English church-yards or burying places, accompanied with critical and sentimental remarks, on the faults of the living in respect to their memorials of the dead. The subject is treated throughout, as a matter of taste, and we cannot but think that the author's views have been much influenced by the tendency, which exists in the forms and ceremonies of the English church, to attach too great a degree of religious importance to external graces and elegancies. Her remarks, however, are free and discursive, and often amusing. They are such as would easily suggest themselves to the leisurely traveller, of cultivated mind, who finds a melancholy pleasure in sauntering among the graves of the dead in the villages of an old and long inhabited country.
11.-An Account of Discoveries in Lycia. By Charles Fellowes.
London, 1841. Mr. Fellowes made his first visit to Asia Minor in 1838, and was fortunate enough to discover the sites of several ruined cities which had been explored by no European traveller. In passing across the peninsula from north to south he came upon the ruins of Selge, till then unexplored, and the valley of the Xanthus in Lycia furnished a rich field for his antiquarian researches. The results of this tour are given in his first work on Asia Minor, which was noticed some time since in several of the English periodicals.*
Early in 1840 he paid another visit to Asia Minor, but, instead of spreading his researches over a wide surface, judi. ciously confined himself to the single province of Ancient Lycia, a small tract not more perhaps than 60 miles long by 30 broad. The account of his tour is contained in the splendid volume now before us, and will be found to have important bearings upon more than one of the sciences connected with antiquity. In the first place, he has found out eleven ruin. ed cities, making, together with Xanthus and Tlos, discovered on his first visit, thirteen of the cities of this little district whose situation no geographer before could determine. A part of these have been identified by the inscriptions still remaining; and a part ascertained upon probable grounds. It may give an idea of the uncertainty which heretofore prevailed
* See a brief review of Fellowes' Excursion in Asia Minor, in the " American Eclectic” for January, 1841.