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trouble is so genuine, and they of being unborsed or unsettled in
regard their iconoclastic work with his saddle. These correspondences
so much real alarm, that they have show, we think, very clearly that
even allowed themselves to be in- Burns's primary position in respect
terviewed by an enterprising news. to both these works was that of a
paper in deprecation of the uni- devoted lover of Scots song, really
versal outcry which they believe more interested in raising up and
their book about to produce. We putting forth to advantage the
do not, however, hear of any such ancient music and poetry of his
outery, outside of Messrs Henley native district, the pastoral airs
and Henderson's troubled appre- to which he was cradled, the
hension : and we can only imagine snatches of verse which were like
that the dust of their pulling-down the natural breath of the country.
operations, though imaginary, has side, than to find a medium of
got into their eyes and confused utterance specially for himself,
their faculties more or less. The He took up the old chorus lightly,
sorrowful statement of their dis- without an arrière pensée, the
coveries, which they make with so broken lines of the old songs
much feeling, shows that to them danced through his brain, more
these discoveries were unexpected occupied with them than with
and distressing in the highest de himself, and it was more delightful
gree. Explorers of this descrip- to him to retain them for their
tion generally express themselves own sake than to throw them away
with a certain triumph when they for his. We think this idea is

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of the Republic, which is inter- D'Orsay and other places would
esting. “I was bred under the almost seem to be as local as a
Empire in the love of the Repub- fire or an inundation. The rest
lic," he says. “The Republic is of France goes on quietly minding
justice,' said my father, who its own business, caring very little
was professor of rhetoric at the

oric at the for the Government. Elle gouverne
Lycée of Saint Omer. He did not peu, as M. Bergeret says; and
know it."

questions of this or that method

of government have for the mo-
“The Republic is not justice; but it

ment fallen into abeyance in the
is the most easy way(la facilite). Mon-
sieur l'Abbé, if you had a mind less country. They shout for the Czar,
elevated, less grave and more open

but for their own account neither
to gaiety, I would confide to you that King nor Emperor makes any
the actual Republic -- the Republic strong diversion in the popular
of 1896--pleases and touches me by mind. There is not
its modesty. It consents to be not General Boulanger on the horizon.
admired. It requires little respect,
and even relinquishes esteem. It is

An occasional gleam of ardour on
enough for it to live--in that lies its the colonial question excites the
desire, and it is a legitimate wish. lighter spirits, but otherwise no.
The most humble creatures desire to body cares much. It is scarcely a
live. Like the woodman of the
fabulist, like the apothecary of Man- been thought possible thirty years

state of things that could have
tua who so much surprises that young

ago.
idiot Romeo, it fears death, and that
is its sole fear. It holds princes and
soldiers at arm's length. If it ran

The third volume of Messrs
risk of extinction, it might become Henley and Henderson's Centenary
dangerous. Fear would change its edition of Burns? is occupied with
nature and make it ferocious, which the songs, and comes before the
would be a great pity. But as long world with a very grave, not to say
as nothing touches its life, and it is
only its honour that is in danger, it is

solemn, aspect. This does not seem
full of good humour. A Government

on the face of it very suitable to the
such as this suits me, and makes me contents of the volume, but it is
feel secure.
So many other Govern-

perfectly justified from the editors'
ments were made merciless by their point of view. They are so much
self-esteem (amour propre); so many
others by cruelty assured their rights, of having performed a painful duty,

concerned, indeed, and so conscious
their greatness, and their prosperity;

that our best sympathies are due
so many others have shed blood for
their prerogative, for their majesty! to them in the meantime, as mar-
But the Republic has neither self- tyrs to that stern sense of duty
esteem nor majesty - happy defects which is no doubt one of the most
which keep it innocent! Let it but noble of inspirations. What these
continue to exist and it is content. gentlemen are painfully conscious
It governs little, and I am tempted of is that, much against their will,
to approve it more for this than for
all the rest. And since it governs

and in spite of every reverential
little, I excuse it for governing ill.” and admiring sentiment, they have

altered the position of Burns as We suspect that this philosophic a lyric poet, and indeed almost view is a true one. The flutter shattered his pretensions to be of busy life in Paris at the Quai considered in that light. Their

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show us the altar pulled down and very clearly traceable throughout
the idol prostrate : but if there is the whole series of his letters,
any triumph here it is of a rueful especially to Johnson : though we
description, and nobody can be have not seen these letters for
so sensible of the disaster as the years, yet our understanding of
poet who is, alas! the unhappy them remains 80 assured that Mr
cause of its occurrence.

Henley's distress strikes us with
What can we say to comfort a surprise which is not devoid of
Mr Henley? We much doubt amusement. Dear poet! we say
whether it will be consolatory involuntarily, all this we were very
to him to be told that he has well aware of before

you

had
done no such harm as he fears ; laid a hand on Burns, or regarded
that these discoveries were all with dismay a single broadsheet
made before he was born-nay, from the collections of Herd or
that there can be no discoveries Lord Rosebery. Take courage !
where there never was any con- if you have altered the position
cealment. The present writer has of a poet greater than yourself, it
probably been acquainted with must simply be with the new
Burns for a longer period than is generation, which, we grant you,
possible to Mr Henley, and was is singularly ignorant of many
aware of the correspondence in things very simple to its fathers,

Johnson's Musical Museum' and though no doubt immensely learned
"Thomson's Scottish Airs’ from the in many other things which its
beginning of time: for which rea- fathers did not know. Burns, so
son probably it is that he receives far as we were aware, never con-
the 'shock of Mr Henley's spear cealed nor attempted to conceal
without even a quiver of his vieux the origin of many of his songs.
moustache, much less any sensation Je prends mon bien où je le trouve,

ever

1 The Centenary Burns. By W. E. Henley and T. F. Henderson. Messrs T. C. & E, C, Jack : Edinburgh.

trouble is so genuine, and they of being unborsed or unsettled in regard their iconoclastic work with his saddle. These correspondences so much real alarm, that they have show, we think, very clearly that even allowed themselves to be in- Burns's primary position in respect terviewed by an enterprising news

to both these works was that of a paper in deprecation of the uni- devoted lover of Scots song, really versal outcry which they believe more interested in raising up and their book about to produce. We putting forth to advantage the do not, however, hear of any such ancient music and poetry of his outcry, outside of Messrs Henley native district, the pastoral airs and Henderson's troubled appre to which he was cradled, the hension : and we can only imagine snatches of verse which were like that the dust of their pulling down the natural breath of the country. operations, though imaginary, has side, than to find a medium of got into their eyes and confused utterance specially for himself. their faculties more or less. The He took up the old chorus lightly, sorrowful statement of their dis- without an arrière pensée, the coveries, which they make with so broken lines of the old songs much feeling, shows that to them danced through his brain, more these discoveries were unexpected Occupied with them than with and distressing in the highest de- himself, and it was more delightful gree. Explorers of this descrip- to him to retain them for their tion generally express themselves own sake than to throw them away with a certain triumph when they for his. We think this idea is show us the altar pulled down and very clearly traceable throughout the idol prostrate : but if there is the whole series of his letters, any triumph here it is of a rueful especially to Johnson : though we description, and nobody can be have not seen these letters for so sensible of the disaster as the

years, yet our understanding of poet who is, alas! the unhappy them remains 80 assured that Mr cause of its occurrence.

Henley's distress strikes us with What can we say to comfort a surprise which is not devoid of Mr Henley? We much doubt amusement.

Dear poet! we say whether it will be consolatory involuntarily, all this we were very to him to be told that he has well aware of before you had ever done no such harm as he fears; laid a hand on Burns, or regarded that these discoveries were all with dismay a single broadsheet made before he was born—nay, from the collections of Herd or that there can be no discoveries Lord Rosebery.

Lord Rosebery. Take courage ! where there never was any con if you have altered the position cealment. The present writer has of a poet greater than yourself, it probably been acquainted with must simply be with the new Burns for a longer period than is generation, which, we grant you, possible to Mr Henley, and was is singularly ignorant of many aware of the correspondence in things very simple to its fathers,

Johnson's Musical Museum’and though no doubt immensely learned Thomson's Scottish Airs' from the in many other things which its beginning of time: for which rea fathers did not know. Burns, so son probably it is that he receives far as we were aware, never conthe shock of Mr Henley's spear cealed nor attempted to conceal without even a quiver of his vieux the origin of many of his songs. moustache, much less any sensation Je prends mon bien je le trouve,

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1897.]
Recent Books— French and English,

467
the songs are those which fit Mr to alter among us the reputation
Henley's conclusions best. Does of Burns ?
any one consider the authenticity

It touches us, however, more
of "The Captain's Lady” of great than these, which are of the least
importance ?—

possible consequence, to find one

of Barns's most impassioned lyrics
"Oh mount and
go,

treated with the same curious and
Mount and make you ready;
Oh mount and go,

niggling criticism.
And be the Captain's lady !"

"Ae fond kiss, and then we sever ; Mr Henley devotes a whole

Ae farewell, and that for ever."
page to the elucidation of the

“ The germ of 'Ae Fond Kiss," says
older songs that made up this Mr Henley, " is found in The Part-
jingle or suggested it. Does he ing Kiss," by Robert Dodsley (1703-
really think that will alter Burns's 1764), which was set by Oswald :-
position as a lyric poet?
Here is another instance. "Mus-

Drop a tear, and bid adieu;
ing on the Roaring Ocean" is a

Though we sever, my fond heart
song of which our childhood, which
knew Burns by heart, has left us
wholly ignorant

, as will probably imagine that the noble verses of

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One fond kiss before we part,

Till we meet shall pant for you.'”

Can any man in bis senses

1

said Molière, and what was ever proud, who can doubt, to set the
the property of a poet more than little jewel in a lovely place, and
those wild fragments which floated deck it with his own bright spring.
on every breeze, broken, incom- ing fancies, as ever man was! At
plete, imperfect, like the fragrance the same time, it is curious and
from the hawthorn bushes, or the interesting to ponder the proof of
honey of the gorse, articulate only his assertions which Mr Henley
in a word or two, suggestions, produces, and which he so frankly
recollections which formed the and loyally permits us to test in
very atmosphere of the rural every instance.

the rural every instance. We feel disposed
mind ?

to adopt that double plea of law
We wonder whether the first which permits a defendant to plead
student who found Macbeth and a at the same time never indebted,
great deal more in Holinshed, and that the debt is paid. Burns
felt himself in the same tremend- himself tells us in the most genial
ous position in which Mr Henley manner that he does owe the
is now conscious of standing. Did debt; but Mr Henley's evidence
he feel that the position of Shake- tends to establish that both Burns
speare was likely to be pain and his critic were mistaken. The
fully affected by his discovery? book opens upon a characteristic
He had certainly a great deal more specimen of this disagreement.
reason than our too sensitive
critic and poet. But we doubt Thomson, 'two 'ending, lines of a

“I remember,' Burns writes to
whether he was afflicted by this

verse in some of the old songs of
delicate sentiment. And we think “Logan Water” (for I know a good
we can assure Mr Henley that he many different ones) which I think
has told us very little if anything pretty-
that we did not know before.

dear lad maun face his faes,
We know it probably as Burns Far, far frae me and Logan braes.'
himself knew it, which was not as
Mr Henley knows it. For Burns " It may be,” says Mr Henley with
was no student, and if ever any exist in an old song; but in any case

an implied doubt, “ that these lines
thing was certain in this world, they were used as a refrain in the
it is (in our humble opinion) 'Logan Water' of John Mayne,
certain that the young Ayrshire author of the “Siller Gun,' and joint
farmer, who had indeed too much editor with Peter Stuart of "The
time for "datlin',” and enough London Star,' which was popular at
for poetry, had but few spare wrote."

Whitehall some years before Burns
hours left to employ in the study
of Herd's manuscripts in order Does Mr Henley mean to imply
to find material for his work. If that Burns knew what was going
he had done so determinedly and on at Whitehall, and plagiarised
with conscious effort, as Mr Henley wilfully from the recent play in-
thinks, we do not know that our stead of simply adopting the o'er-
opinion would have been different. word of the old song? We do not
We hope he had as good a right object to his theory, but we think
to take possession of his biens, that his mode of proving it is
wherever he found them, as Molière

very futile.

Let us follow him or Shakespeare.

through the history of some other And with what beautiful un individual songs.

We

well conscious art he put in those add that in the great majority floating fragments, as pleased and of cases the most insignificant of

Now

my

be the case with most readers. Burns's song, including that which
It is a copy of correct English is perhaps the profoundest note of
verses, in which Burns was never the lover's despair
very happy. Mr Henley tells us
they are “ reminiscent of divers" Had we never lowd sae kindly,

Had we never lov'd sae blindly,
Jacobitisms."

| Never met and never parted,

We had ne'er been broken-hearted" -
“Stanza ïi. line 4. Compare the
Jacobite song 'Lewie Gordon -

derived anything, much less found
Altho' his back be at the wa', their germ, from a doggerel verse,
Here's to him that's far awa'.'

the first three words of which corThis is Stanza ii.-

responded more or less with the

first three words of the poem ?
" Hope and Fear's alternate billow,
Vielding late to Nature's law,

This is to insult the ordinary
Whispering spirits round my pillow intelligence. We opine that mir
Tolk of him that's far ava'.'”

Henley had no share in these
If that was modelled on any. pedantic follies. A poet surely
thing, Mr Henley might as well could scarcely ever, even in his
have adduced a host of other aberrations, be of so shallow a
songs as well as “Lewie Gordon," wit.
indeed the greater part of the

We began by freely admitting,
songs of Scotland, in which there to a great measure, the point which
occur a multitude of lads who are Mr Henley fears he is the first to
far awa'. "Lewie Gordon," he disclose : but as we go on to con-
adds, “ is, however, itself borrowed sider his evidence our mind changes.
from an older Song on the Birth Burns indeed was the first to dis-
day of King James the Eighth, close the pseudo-fact, and did so
10th June 1709.” He might cordially in almost every one of
have gone a great deal further, the letters which accompany these
and quoted a whole page full of songs. The ancient songs inspired
references. Is this a likely thing him, sang themselves in his

may as

ears,

the songs are those which fit Mr to alter among us the reputation Henley's conclusions best. Does of Burns ? any one consider the authenticity It touches us, however, more of “The Captain's Lady” of great than these, which are of the least importance

possible consequence, to find one

of Burns's most impassioned lyrics “Oh mount and go,

treated with the same curious and Mount and make you ready; Oh mount and go,

niggling criticism. And be the Captain's lady!” “ Ae fond kiss, and then we sever; Mr Henley devotes a whole

Ae farewell, and that for ever." page to the elucidation of the

“ The germ of 'Ae Fond Kiss,” says older songs

that made up this Mr Henley, “is found in "The Partjingle or suggested it. Does he ing Kiss, by Robert Dodsley (1703really think that will alter Burns's 1764), which was set by Oswald :position as a lyric poet?

• One fond kiss before we part, Here is another instance. “Mus

Drop a tear, and bid adieu ; ing on the Roaring Ocean" is a Though we sever, my fond heart

Till we meet shall pant for you.'' song of which our childhood, which knew Burns by heart, has left us Can any man in his senses wholly ignorant, as will probably imagine that the noble verses of be the case with most readers.

Burns's song, including that which It is a copy of correct English is perhaps the profoundest note of verses, in which Burns was never the lover's despairvery happy. Mr Henley tells us they are “ reminiscent of divers “ Had we never lov'd sae kindly, Jacobitisms."

Had we never lov'd sae blindly,

Never met and never parted, “Stanza ii. line 4. Compare the

We had ne'er been broken-hearted”Jacobite

song
Lewie Gordon'-

derived anything, much less found Altho' his back be at the wa',

their germ, from a doggerel verse, Here's to him that's far awa'.

the first three words of which corThis is Stanza ii.

responded more or less with the

first three words of the poem ? Hope and Fear's alternate billow,

Yielding late to Nature's law, This is to insult the ordinary Whispering spirits round my pillow

intelligence. We opine that Mr Talk of him that's far awa'.'

Henley had no share in these If that was modelled on any. pedantic follies. A poet surely thing, Mr Henley might as well could scarcely ever, even in his have adduced a host of other aberrations, be of so shallow a songs as well as “Lewie Gordon," wit. indeed the greater part of the We began by freely admitting, songs of Scotland, in which there to a great measure, the point which occur a multitude of lads who are Mr Henley fears he is the first to far awa'. “Lewie Gordon,'” he disclose : but as we go on to conadds, " is, however, itself borrowed sider his evidence our mind changes. from an older ·Song on the Birth Burns indeed was the first to disday of King James the Eighth, close the pseudo-fact, and did so 10th June 1709.'" He might cordially in almost every one of have gone a great deal further, the letters which accompany these and quoted a whole page full of songs. The ancient songs inspired references. Is this a likely thing him, sang themselves in his ears,

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469
Recent Books— French and English.
“ on 17th December 1788 he wrote to done to those English gentlemen ?),
Mrs Dunlop thus: “Now I am on my petty, and malignant, than this
hobby-horse, I cannot help inserting assault? If Burns chose to make
two other old stanzas which please

a pretty story of his parting from
me mightily."

his Highland lass, is that a reason What does Mr Henley mean by for saying it was all a fable, and that “nevertheless”? We confess that there was no Mary at all

, that we are absolutely incapable "unless she be identified with of divining

certain Mary Campbell of indifferAnd we are much surprised, ent repute"? Perhaps Burns told though with the comfortable con a lie ; but Messrs Henley and Henviction that it is Mr Henderson derson have no knowledge that he again, to find how vehemently the did so, no proof against him, not pretty episode of Highland Mary is the faintest indication of evidence assailed in this book. To show the one way or other. Mr Henley is very worst side of these commen no doubt aware that Beatrice is taries, we quote the passage on this believed by superior persons in subject, which really is a subject Italy to be no actual woman at all

, concerning nobody but Barns, who but a mere abstraction, to whom himself has given a circumstantial Dante gave the name of a certain account of certain passages in her noble lady, his relations to whom career, to which our present editors were entirely imaginary, though give the lie direct as nearly as related with much pathetic cirwords allow :-

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drew forth his slumbering genius. “ While some for pleasure pawn their health
It was his pride to save the verse,

'Twixt Lais and the bagnio,

I'll save myself and without stealth or half-verse, or poetical phrase, Kiss and caress my Nanny, 0.” or lilting chorus.

But to tell us

If there is but one man with
that Burns's position among the

a candid mind left in the world
poets is changed by this fact is a
solemn piece of absurdity. Burns's

we would ask him, “Wherein lies

the most distant possibility that
greatest songs are not even affected
at all.

this rubbish suggested the fine
The editors are obliged to and free strains of Burns's song?"
imagine that, in the case of “ Mary And he would answer “ Fudge!"
Morison,” he took his measure

like Mr Burchell.
from a poem published by Allan
Ramsay in the Evergreen,' though

No; it is no doubt Mr Hender-
it is the commonest and most uni-

son who is guilty. We have not

the faintest objection to sacrifice versal of stanzas.

Banks

Mr Henderson to the manes of our
and Braes" has not even so much
as this to weigh it down, nor

poet.

A poet like Mr Henley

never could have believed for a
"O' a' the airts the wind can
blaw,” nor "She's fair and fause,"

moment that Dodsley's "One Fond

Kiss" diminished the originality of
nor many of the finest productions
in this volume. And, by the way,

Burns's fine song. We would not

believe him did he swear it. The where is "My Nannie, O" We

words

not
have hunted through the book
without being able to find

Many people have uttered and

any. where that delightful song.

many listened to them, without

reference to any ballad. Burns
“A country lad is my degree,

himself must have said them
And few there be that ken me, 0; oftener than was good for him,
But what care I how few they be, at moments when he was think-
I'm welcome aye to Nannie, 0.”

ing of anything but Dodsley.

If he had thought of Dodsley
Has this been proved to be not

many occasions instead of
Burns's l_though he stands there

occupying himself with looking at us through the cheer- melodious names, it might have ful honest verse-

been

good thing for him.

These references
“Our auld guidman delights to view

are taken at
His sheep and kye thrive bonnie, 0; hazard as the book opened: there
But I'm as blythe that hauds his pleugh, are many more just as unconvinc-
And has nae care but Nannie, 0." ing. Where any real instance is

given of what it would be absurd
We beg Mr Henley's pardon, we to call plagiarism, it is distinctly
have mistaken.

The third volume stated at first hand by Burns him, is confined to the

"Thomson's self.

Thus, in the song called
Museum' and Johnson's 'Scottish

“The Silver Tassie," " The first
Songs' series. "My Nannie, 0” half-stanza,” says Burns,
is in vol. i. of the Centenary Burns,
but printed in exactly the same

“Go fetch to me a pint o'wine,
spirit as the other, showing that

And till it in a silver tassie, the editor's convictions were al

That I may drink before I go

A service to my bonnie lassie,'
ready formed.

is old ; the rest is mine."
"Perhaps suggested by a poor thing
of Ramsay's," says the note :

“Nevertheless," adds Mr Henley,

on

more

person and

cumstance by the poet himself.

But we conceive that no man, « The Highland Larsie was Mary not even a poet, has a right to Campbell, daughter of one Archibald

be accused of telling a circumCampbell, a Clyde sailor. The

year of her birth is uncertain

, its place is stantial lie without evidence, and not beyond dispute ; the date of her something

to found the accusation death is matter of debate ; there is upon.

We know no cult, "for room for conjecture as to the place of cult it is," these gentlemen say, of her burial ; little or no independent Mary Campbell

. There is a cult
testimony exists as to her

of another Mary which has led
character, unless she be identified
with a certain Mary Campbell of in- Scotland into a good deal of
different repute ; there is scarcely absurdity. Could there be a con
material for the barest outline of her fusion in the mind of the writer
biography. But on the strength of on this point ?
sporadic allusions by Burns, meant, as

We must also protest against
it seems, to dissemble more than they the use of words which have had
reveal, and especially of certain ec-

no place hitherto in English
static expressions in the
lingring Star, and in a letter to Mre literature of a decent

, not to say
Dunlop, Mary Campbell has

of the highest, kind. “Merry.be-
to be regarded less as an average got" is not a pretty word, still
Scots peasant, to whom a merry-begot less is another wbich is used on
was then, if not a necessary of life

, at several occasions in this book, but
all events the commonest effect of
luck, than as a bare-legged Beatrice,

never that we remember in any
a Spiritualised Ideal of Peasant Wo such book before. It is to be
manhood."

found in Shakespeare, no doubt,
Could anything be more absol- in Shakespeare which do not suit

but many things are to be found
ately uncalled for, more vindictive the habits of this day. A master
(though what had poor Mary of vigorous English bas less need

song, Thou

come

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