Obrazy na stronie

elder; so that good order and harmony themselves, and to acquire the property may be preserved among you, which will mentioned above, while they increased in assuredly draw down the blessing of the number from twenty-five to forty-three. Most High. But if you have not where. Not one of them is now in debt; and their withal to cultivate and improve the planta. property is free from all incumbrance. tion yourselves, we advise you to hire your. Twelve of the grown-up persons are mem. selves for a season to whom you please, as bers of the Methodist Society, and, with also the plantation, if you think it neces. their children, attend regularly the Me. sary, till you acquire a sufficiency to go on thodist chapel at East-End, except in case yourselves ; but in every step you take of of sickness. During the whole period since this kind, always remember the good of the their emancipation, none of them have been whole. And as soon as you can make å sued in court, or brought before a magi. beginning on the plantation yourselves, strate, lo answer to any complaint. Only with cotton and provisions, we would by one of them once obtained a warrant all means have you to do it, that you may against a person who had assaulted him, not be scattered and too much divided; who begged his pardon and was forgiven. but endeavour to dwell together, and be The same person, on coming from sea, content with food and raiment; and a bless was arrested the day he landed for a capi. ing will certainly attend you under the in tation tax on free persons, of which he had fluence of such a disposition. Tell Dorcas not been apprized, and put into prison. The Vanterpool we are much obliged to her for Dext day he paid the money, about eighher friendly care and attendance of poor teen doñars, and was released. Several of John Venture and Harry, during their them can read and write. Jeffery's wife, sickness. We shall be pleased to hear how Grace, acts as shoolmistress. She reads you go on by any opportunity, and that well. They have lately built three houses you cautiously maintain a good report in their village, of wood, and shingted. among the neighbours. Live in love among The whole of their houses had been deyourselves, and the peace of Him who pass. stroyed by the hurricane of 1819, and have eth all understanding will assuredly be since been rebuilt. They are a fine healthy with you and yours; which we earnestly race, all black, having intermarried with desire and pray for, being your sincere each other ; and seem to dwell very hapfriends and well-wishers,

pily together.' (Signed) • Samuel NoTTINGHAM. . ir Now, we would put the question to (Signed) • MARY NOTTINGHAM. Mr Baring, Whether it would have been To George Nottingham, one of the more advantageous for the interests either negroes belonging to the East-End of the individuals or of the state, that Mr Plantation, late the property of Sa. Nottingham's twenty-five slaves had conti. muel Nottingham, at Fathog Bay, nued slaves, (liable to all the risks of inhu. in Tortola.

man owners and overseers, and all the other

evils of that condition, and particularly to - In the year 1822 this little colony of that progressive diminution of their num. free persons was visited several times by bers, which has been the common fate of two highly respectable gentlemen ; on the slaves in almost all our colonies, and whose authority we are enabled to state among the rest in Tortola ;) or that they the following particulars :- Of the origi. should have been living free and in comfort nal persons liberated, nine are still alive; for nearly fifty years, during which they besides whom there are twenty-five of their have accumulated some property, and have children, and nine grand-children ; making increased from twenty-five to forty-three ? in all forty-three persons. The whole of And, as far as advantage to this country them reside on the same plantation, which goes, we will venture to say that the fortythey have ever since cultivated. Half of it three Nottinghams consume more of Bri. is chiefly in provisions, and the rest is used tish produce and manufactures in a year, as pasturage for their stock, which consists and promote the traffic of Tortola itself of twenty-eight cows, thirteen goats, and more, than three times the number of thirteen hogs. Formerly they cultivated slaves would do. But Mr Baring will cotton, but, the price falling very low, they say, this is a single instance. True; but did not continue to plant it. Jeffery Not. why is it su ? Not because there are not tingham, one of those originally emancipa. many sluves who would have equally re. ted, exclusive of his share in the plantation warded the benevolence of their master, but and stock, possesses five acres of land and because there has been but one Notting. a house in Spanishtown, and a vessel of ham." twenty-three feet keel. Diana and Eve (born since 1776,) have cach a boat of se

Now, nothing can be more delightventeen and fourteen feet-keel. For some

ful than the behaviour of these wor. years the seasons were so bad. that they thy Quakers; it is impossible not to found it difficult to get water for their feel their excellence, to admire, to stock, and got little return for their labour; love them. But for what purpose are but still they had been able to support stories like this the staple of such a



society's reports ? Samuel Notting- “ I beg leave to offer to those who have ham had two dozen negro slaves-he lately set the public mind in motion, and set them all free, and made them a

have led on the question of emancipation, present of the plantation on which

the expression of a very sincere opinion,

that the weal of the negro will be best prothey had been living as his bondsmen.

moted by a more discriminating vigour of "A most noble piece of behaviour, sure

effort in his behalf, than that recently disly; and the style in which the thing played. I have had repeated opportunities is done and recorded, just what every of observing with what undistinguishing human creature must acknowledge to vehemence the West Indians have been be exquisitely beautiful. But what is marked out as objects of suspicion and aver. the lesson ? Had Samuel Notting- sion ; and this circumstance has been painham no other property but this plan

fully felt by impartial men, as anxious for tation, and these negroes ? or would

the happiness of the slave, as they are comhe, or could he, have done the same

petent to judge how it can best be promothing with a plantation of fifty times

ted. It is singular enough, that when the

abuses in the West Indies were at their the extent, and slaves to be counted

height, little was said or thought about by the hundred or the thousand ?

them ; but an overwhelming torrent of inNo such things. And what is the use, vective is now poured down upon the West then, of throwing such a story as this, Indians in the mass, at the time when a (with an undisguised sneer too) in the very happy alteration has taken place in teeth of those whose whole fortunes, the manner, in which many of them consithe existence of whose whole families, der various points which are under a course all whose earthly possessions and means

of, and certainly require, amendment, the are inseparably connected with a po

effects of which change are in visible ope. pulation of negro slaves ? All this fur

ration. I have observed this conduct tonishes just one more illustration of

wards them to act here already to a certain the truth of a remark which some one

extent to the disadvantage of the cause of

the slave : and there are other modes, in has made before us, viz. that these so- which it is likely so to act elsewhere. It cieties publish books in order to shew is much to be desired, that the excitement the world how such matters ought not of indignant and resentful feelings, espe. to be managed. We cannot conclude cially in the bosoms of humane and liberal better than in the words of Sir George men, should be avoided as much as possiRose:


*** So we had just terminated, wben the Glasgow Courier, * containing official accounts of the insurrection in Demerara, was put into our hands. In this particular instance, there can be neither mistaking, nor affecting to mistake. It is not a thing that the two parties can give two opposite accounts of. The debate on Mr Buxton's motion has produced a bloody insurrection among the slaves of one colony—that is certain-how much more may have happened ere this moment, who can tell ?

Such lessons have been given abundantly long before now and they have been neglected. It remains to be shewn whether this also is given in vain. It remains to be shewn, whether this Empire is to be harassed with eternal impunity, by the madness of a set of arrogant blockheads—whether our policy is for ever to be thwarted by the rash and headlong machinations of fanatical dupes--whether the thing, the system, this pernicious system of HUMBUG, is to be allowed to go on from week to week, and from year to year, until at length these poor negroes learn to effect as well as to menace, and bathe the whole soil of these colonies in a mingled sea of their own blood and ours.

We speak of our blood-it is ours—it is the blood of our brethren that has been shed here, and that must be shed in torrents if these proceedings go on unchecked. But, even now, even in the midst of such feelings as this tale

. We cannot mention the name of this paper, without taking the opportunity of expressing our sense of the talent and skill, with which it has commented upon this question. We know, indeed, of no other paper in the kingdom, where so large a stock of the requisite species of knowledge is brought to subjects of this nature. The Editor is evidently a thorough master of geographical science ; and in the discussion of matters of colonial policy, he exhibits a superiority over his brethren, which all those that read his Journal have at least felt. .

must be supposed to create in every bosom that is not quite Buxtonized-even now we do not think a bit the less of the poor negroes themselves. This rashness is ruin to their hopes-these madmen-these dupes of vanity, and uncon. scious dupes of interest-ARE THEIR WORST ENEMIES. Such is our belief we have done our duty.


The next speaker was from Ireland, is even lower than our newspaper with the characteristic name of Law- world in Scotland ;* suffice it to say, less. He arose indeed et potus, et erlex, that, to go no farther back than this and poured forth a flood of Irish ora. very year, the Coryphæus of Irish de? tory, on the usual topics which afford magogues, Mr O'Connel, employed his flowers and figures to the oppressed own clerk to act as prosecutor on bepeople of that pacific land. Being him- half of the Roman Catholic clergy, in self a gentleman of the press, conduct a libel action against the Evening ing a paper which circulates a few Mail, for a series of general reflections, quires in and about Belfast, he was implicating no individual whatever, particularly vociferous on the advan directly or indirectly—that the same tages mankind in general, and Ireland gentleinan advised an action against in particular, derive from the freedom the same print, for copying a para of that engine. Of the universal Whig graph from a Cork paper, which it passion for the freedom of the press, I quoted--that he laid the venue of have spoken already ; but people who action against that Cork paper, in a do not look at the actual state of the county (Kerry) over which he has thing in Ireland, contenting themselves most considerable influence, and of with taking bawling for facts, may not which a near relation of his own is be aware how admirably a panegyric Sub-Sheriff, and had the striking of on this favourite subject comes from a the jury-and they add, that when man of Mr Lawless's Irish faction. In two fellows, one of them, by the way, Ireland, as in England, the factious son of the magna mater of Whiggery, press had it all their own way for a fell on and beat, in his own house, a long time. There was to be seen little defenceless man, the editor of an illitalent in their newspaper world, but beral paper, the whole of the liberal that little was active in traducing the press chuckled with joy, and applaud institutions of the country. Besides, ed the heroic feat. You perceive that they had firm aid from abroad.-Tom the same people act in the same way Moore sung over the miseries of Ire- on both sides of the water. Loud are land-Jeffrey and Co. howled over they in praise of the press, when it is them; and all together, they contrived in their own hands, but, when turned to cover the loyal men and the Pro- against their own sacred persons, as testants of Ireland with the imputa. loud in its reprehension. tion of bigotry and tyranny, just in Lawless, of course, produced the the same way as the same agency co- six millions of enslaved loyalists in vered us Tories with the imputed dis- Ireland—the number is always on the grace of being patrons of slavery, and move forward-and the atrocities of victims of blockheadism. At last, how. the disloyal Orange faction. It may be ever, the prestige began to wear away, safely conceded to such arguers, that and then in Ireland the real nature of the Roman Catholic population is the the affection “the friends of liberty all majority in Ireland ;-but how is that over the world” entertained for the majority composed ?-Precisely of the press, shone forth in its true com most ignorant, benighted, savage, and lours. Your readers, Christopher, brutal peasantry in the world. In inwould feel little entertainment in tellect, in education, in everything puzzling through the petty details of which marks the civilized being, the the provincial press of Ireland, which Protestants are ten to one, as they are

* Scarcely possible.-C. N.

fifty to one in wealth and prosperity. statute-book for a moment in either Lawless well knows that no legislative case. If it be necessary to keep them enactment--at least no legislative en- cut, their numbers are nothing at all actment in the contemplation of the to the justice of the business--it is only party he was addressing could reach an argument to expediency, or, in other the millions about whom he was sput- words, to our fears—an argument, tering. An important change must Christopher, which we have at all take place in the frame of Irish society times, through good report and evil, before anything can be done which treated with the bitterness of scorn, by will raise them to the level of a civic whomsoever, or in whatsoever cause, it lized population; and that change will may be advanced. As for the Orangenot be effected by putting down the men, he must be wilfully blind who Protestant Church, and substituting does not see that they are forced into the Roman Catholic in its room, as union by fear. Nobody likes domici. his friends are fondly hoping. That liary visits from gentlemen furnished would indeed be a sad retrograde move with sledge-hammers to extract his ment. Do not think I am too harsh in brains. The very secrecy of their meetthe character I am giving of the Irish ings-the mere fact of their having peasantry. They are at present, in the private signs and symbols to know one south of Ireland, (where they are ex- another by-is a proof of their being clusively Roman Catholics, the north, apprehensive, not of their being dowhich is tinged with the much abused mineering. Their atrocities are con colour of orange, being quiet,) engaged fined to putting tawdry ribbons, in in a system of assassination and arson, most vile bad taste, upon a paltry which would disgrace the Cherokees. statue-(a piece of tom-foolery always It is scarcely a month since a Mr Franks disapproved of by their leaders, Sir was shot in his own parlour, the skull Abraham Bradley King for instance, * of his wife shattered by a crowbar after it was made matter of offence, while she clung to the arms of her son, and now given up-and toasting the the head of the son smashed to pieces memory of William III. That this by the same instrument, and his body toast should excite Whig indignation, pierced by a pitch-fork, which was is strange ; and stranger still, that the passed from hand to hand between Orangemen should be accused of innearly a hundred peasants, in order sulting intrusion on the feelings of that each might participate in insult their countrymen, when they theming the lifeless body, while a fellow, selves are to be refused the poor priwho was left outside as guard, whistled vilege of giving as a toast the memory and danced a hornpipe for joy. The of him who may justly be deemed the crime this family was guilty of was founder of the dynasty now occupying this, the son had been evidence in a the throne. What would the Whigs criminal prosecution against a man say, if the Whig Clubs were prohibitconvicted of extorting fire arms, to be ed from giving the memory of Charles employed in carrying on the system James Fox, because, though acceptable which produces these results. Such to them, it stinks in the nostrils of all are the millions for whose ascendancy the honest men in the kingdom? Then Mr Lawless is preaching. It is only indeed would we have the pose of insulting our understandings to appeal Brougham twitched in tenfold fury, in to this numerical argument. Let the defiance of us and all our works. question of Roman Catholic emanci- Observe, I am not giving any opipation be argued on its own merits. nion whatever as to the expediency, If it be unjust to keep Roman Catho- or inexpediency of Orange Associa, lics from power, it is no matter whe- tions. I am too far from the spot, and ther the injustice affect a thousand or the accounts from Ireland are too cona million; it should not disgrace our tradictory, and too fierce, for me to

• Not to break my sentence above, I throw into a note, the fact that this offensive ce. remony of dressing the statue in College-Green, Dublin, was a regular state ceremony, at which the Lord Lieutenant, the Lord Mayor, the Chancellor, &c. assisted in much pomp and procession, withont exciting a complaint from the Roman Catholics, for a long series of years until it was made a question of by the Duke of Bedford God bless the wise statesman !- who refused to join. It has ever since been a bone of contention, but was gradually falling into the hands of the mere rabble, and would certainly have died of itself in a year or two.

hazard any very decisive assertion on dominant religion of any part of the their credit. But one argument against kingdom, I am quite sure there would them I know to be fallacious. It is not be a word against what is modesta said that they are useless, and not re- ly called Catholic claims, spoken by quired in England or Scotland, and one of us in or out of Parliament. No Therefore not in Ireland. Negatur man of common sense could imagine conclusio. I deny the ergo. The state that a general would betray his duty, of society here is not like that in the because he believed in the infallibility sister island. God forbid it should, of the Pope, or any other old woman; We have our angry politics, to be sure, or that a judge would violate the laws but are not living in the middle of a he was administering, for the same Jacqueric, in spite of the exertions of reason; and as for Parliament, you Hunt, Watson, or the late Queen and know, North, what my opinion always her advocates, to get up one. What, has been on that point. I never feared therefore, may be altogether unneces- the efforts of any demagogue fellow sary here, may be called for in Ire- within those walls. I sincerely rejoiland. Even if useless there also, we ced in the election of Waithman, for may easily pardon those, who, seeing instance, for I knew the Midas ears, their friends massacred unprotectedly which were taken by the jobbernowlall round them, adopt means of draw- ed corporators for horns of offence, ing together people to oppose such powerful as those of the bulls of Baoperations. Denman, at this dinner, shan to batter down borough-mongery, was quite absurd in his remarks on would be found out in half an hour, the Irish Insurrection Act. It is very when brought into company with the easy for a gentleman, strongly en- flower of England's gentlemen; and, trenched over a bowl of cold punch, accordingly, it was soon discovered, or a bottle of claret, in a quiet orderly that he was, as Cobbett called him, a city, among a knot of people, who, water bladder, from which nothing though Whigs, are in a great degree could come, because nothing was in it. civilized, to talk about the severities So would it be with O'Connell and of a law imperiously required; but if his compeers. A sentence froin CanMr Denman will take a house in Kil- ning would dispose of the first dozen dorrery, or thereabouts, and have the of them for life. Tragedy-man Shiel audacity to expect rents for his ground, would sit down in happy obscurity he will, before the moon has changed, with Comedy-man Twiss. Fingals alter his opinion, and call lustily for and Frenches, and the other sage any enactment that will keep the nobility, would range with the Albehouse over his head. I should be marles, the Nugents, and the rest of sorry indeed that such laws were put the rubbish of the House of Lords. It in force among our quiet hills on the always makes me laugh when I think, Border ; but there is a very different of such people sitting in the same order of things going on in Duhal, house with Eldon, or Stowell, or Liverlow.

pool, or Wellington; ay, or even the re-, Nor am I giving my opinion against mains of Erskine, * dilapidated as they Roman Catholic emancipation. I hope are. But I fear that these concessions and trust the time will come, when would only pave the way to the demand the privileges and immunities of the of Roman Catholic ascendancy in Irestate will be open to all; but I hope land. I know it is an object earnestly and trust also, that those privileges desired by some of their velvet-pawed, and immunities will never be opened to petitioners to Parliament. Look, for any one who will make use of them to example, at the amazing insolence of wage war on the glorious institutions the language addressed daily by priestof the country. If we could be satis- lings in Ireland, to that great theolofied that the Roman Catholic priest. gian, and most exemplary man, the hood would be content to remain in Archbishop of Dublin, and you can: obedience to the laws of the land to not doubt the fact. And if we admit submit, as every other sectarian body the arguments now relied on to be submits, to the paramount authority valid, we cannot resist it. If the simof the Established Church, and make ple fact, that a barbarous people outno efforts to put themselves up as the numbers the intellect of Ireland, be

• Ay, Tim, or Byrox.-C. N.

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