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This depraved woman, O afflicter of enemies, knowing Shủkrūd in the disguise of a sage, through wantonness consented, he being king of the gods. The chief of the gods having perpetrated his crime, she thus addressed him:

O chief of gods, thou hast accomplished thy design, speedily depart unobserved. O sovereign of the gods, effectually preserve thyself and me from Goutămů.' Indrė smiling replied to dhủlya, “O beautiful one, I am fully pleased; I will depart; forgive my transgression.' After this, he, O Ramů, with much caution left the hermitage, dreading the wrath of Goutămŭ. At that instant he saw Goutămŭ enter, resplendent with energy, and, through the power of sacred austerities, invincible even to the godse; wet with the waters of the sacred tēêr'thủ”, as the fire moistened with clarified butters, he saw him coming to the hermitage, laden with sacrificial wood, and the sacred kooshủ. Perceiving him, Shủkrŭ was overwhelmed with sadness. The sage clothed in virtue, beholding the profligate lord of the gods in the disguise of a sage, in dreadful anger thus addressed him : 0 profligate wretch, assuming my form thou hast perpetrated this crime: therefore become an eunuch.' At the word of the magnanimous and angry Goutůmŭ, the thousand-eyed god instantly became an eunuch. Deprived of manly energy, and rendered an eunuch by the anger of the devout sage, 'he, full of agonizing pain, was overcome with sorrowh.


& A name of Indrů, signifying strength.

e The Hindoos believe that the merit of works is such as to be sufficient to raise a person higher than the gods themselves.

Tēērt’hủs are certain places esteemed peculiarly sacred by the Hipdoos. Bathing in these places is reckoned highly meritorious.

& That is, the fire of the burnt offering.

+ Other accounts say, that Goutůmů imprinted a thousand female marks upon him as proofs of his crime, and that Indrů was so ashamed, that he petitioned Goutumŭ to deliver him from his disgrace. The sage, therefore,

The great sage, having cursed him, pronounced a curse upon his own wife: 'Innumerable series of year, O sinful wretch, of depraved heart, thou, enduring excessive pain, abandoned, lying constantly in ashes, invisible to all creatures, shalt remain in this forest. When Ramŭ, the son of Dúshůrut'hủ, shall enter this dreadful forest, thou, beholding him, shalt be cleansed from thy sin. Having, O stupid wretch, entertained him without selfish views, thou, filled with joy, shalt again approach me without fear.' Having thus addressed this wicked woman, the illustrious Goutămŭ, the great ascetic, abandoned this hermitage, and performed austerities on the pleasant top of Himŭvịt, frequented by the siddhús and charūnŭs c'

Indrŭ was also guilty of stealing a horse consecrated by king Súgúrů, who was about to perform, for the hundredth time, the sacrifice of this animal,

Indrì, though king of the gods, has been frequently overcome in war: Méghủ-nadu“, the son of Ravùnů, the giant, once overcame him, and tied him to the feet of his horse. On condition of releasing the king of the gods, Brúmha conferred on Méghă-nadŭ the name Indru-jit, that is, the conqueror of Indrú. He was called Méghủ-nadů because he fought behind a cloud, (méghủ;) and this enabled him to overcome Indrů, who, in the engagement, was unable to see him, though he had a thousand eyes.

Kŭshyŭpů, the sage, once performed a great sacrifice, to

changed these marks into eyes, and hence Indrů became the thousandeyed god.

Carey and Marshman's Translation of the Ramayůně, vol. i. page 433,
This word signifies thụnder.


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which all the gods were invited. Indrè, on his way to the feast, saw 60,000 dwarf bramhŭns trying in vain to eross a çow's footstep which was filled with water, and had the misfortune to laugh at these pigmies; at which they were so incensed, that they resolved to make a new Indrů, who should conquer him, and take away his kingdom. Indrŭ was so frightened at these 60,000 pigmy bramhŭns, who could not get over a cow's footstep, that he entreated Brůmha to interfere; who saved him from their wrath, and continued him on his throne.

Description of Umůravŭtēe, the residence of Indrů, from the Muhabharŭtů :- This heaven was made by Vishwă-kurma, the architect of the gods. It is 800 miles in circumference, and 40 miles high ; its pillars are composed of diamonds; all its elevated seats, beds, &c. are of gold; its palaces are also of gold. It is so ornamented with all kinds of precious stones, jasper, chrysolite, sapphire, emeralds, &c. &c. that it exceeds in splendour the brightness of twelve suns united. It is surrounded with gardens and forests, containing among other trees the parijatŭ, the fragrance of the flowers of which extends 800 miles, that is, fills the whole heaven. In the pleasure grounds are pools of water, warm in winter and cold in summer, abounding with fish, water-fowl, waterlilies, &c. the landing places of which are of gold. All kinds of trees and flowering shrubs abound in these gardens. The winds are most refreshing, never boisterous; and the heat of the sun is never oppressive. Gods, sages, úpsūras, kinnŭrús, siddhús,' saddhyŭs, dévŭrshees, brúmhúrshees, rajúrshees, Vrihủspútee, Shookrú, Shủnee, Boodhủ, the winds, clouds, Oiravătă, (Indru's elephant,) and other celestial beings, dwell in this heaven. The inhabitants are con

• It is a curious fact, that though this flower is so celebrated in the pooranŭs for its fragrance, it has no scert at all.

tinually entertained with songs, dances, music, and every species of mirth. Neither sickness, sorrow, nor sudden death, are found in these regions, nor are its inhabitants affected with hunger or thirst.—When the god Narădă was sitting in an assembly of princes at king Yoodhisthirủ's, the latter asked him whether he had ever seen so grand a scene before. Narúdŭ, after some hesitation, declared he had beheld a scene far more splendid in Indrė's heaven, of which he then gave the above account; but confessed that the place exceeded all his powers of description.

A scene in Indrï's heaven:- On a certain occasion an assembly of the gods was held in this place, at which, beside the gods, Narúdú and the rishees, the gúnús, dúkshús, gundhărvės, &c. were present. While the courtezans were dancing, and the kinnŭrús singing, the whole assembly was filled with the highest pleasure. To crown their joys, the gods caused a shower of flowers to fall on the assembly. The king of the gods, being the most distinguished personage present, first took up a flower, and, after holding it to his nose, gave it to a bramhŭn. The assembled gods laughing at the brumhŭn for receiving what Indrŭ had used, he went home in disgrace; but cursed Indrė, and doomed him to become a cat in the house of a person of the lowest cast. Suddenly, and unknown to all, he fell from heaven, and became a cat in the house of a hunter. After he had been absent eight or ten days, Shắchēē, his wife, became very anxious, and sent messengers every where to enquire for her husband. The gods also said among themselves, 'What is become of Indrů ?-A total silence reigns in his palace, nor are we invited to the dance and the usual festivities! What can be the meaning of this ??-All search was in vain; and the gods assembled to enquire where he was. They found Shịchēē in a state of distraction, of whom Brumha enquired respecting the lost god. At length Brůmha closed his eyes, and by the power of meditation discovered that Indrů, having offended a bramhŭn, had become a cat. Shúchêē, full of alarm, asked Brůmha what she was to do. He told her to go to the house of the bramhŭn, and obtain his favour; upon

which her husband would be restored to her. Shủchēé obeyed the directions of Brúmha, and went to the house of the bramhŭn; who was at length pleased with her attentions, and ordered her to descend to the earth, and go to the house of the hunter, whose wife would tell her what to do that her husband might be restored to his throne in heaven. Assuming a human form, she went to the house of the hunter, and, looking at the cat, sat weeping. The wife of the hunter, struck with the divine form of Shịchēē, enquired with surprise who she was. Shứchēz hesitated, and expressed her doubts whether the hunter's wife would believe her if she declared her real name. At length she confessed who she was, and, pointing to the cat, declared that that was her husband, Indrė, the king of heaven. The hunter's wife, petrified with astonishment, stood speechless. Shứchēē, after some farther discourse, said, she had been informed that she (the hunter's wife) alone could assist her in obtaining the deliverance of her husband. After some moments of reflection, this woman directed Shịchez to perform the Kalika-vrůtů. She obeyed; and poor Indrė, quitting the form of the cat, ascended to heaven, and resumed his place among the gods. No doubt he took care in future not to offend a bramhŭn.

Another scene in the heaven of Indrů, from the Shree-bhagủvůtů.-On a certain occasion, the heavenly courtezans and others were dancing before the gods, when Indrŭ was so.charmed with the dancing and the person of Oorvŭshēē, one of the courtezans, that he did not perceive when his

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