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GRESS.

It is so far a begging letter that it seems to be the insouciant being spurred to his utmost by a soliciting a favorable answer, with no great hopes disparaging letter from Paisiello, who had alof obtaining it. Queen Victoria replied : ready set Beaumarchais' comedy. It was the " TO HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN OF THE FRENCH.

empty connoisseur, who thought to gain reputa“ Osborne, Sept. 10, 1846.

tion by declaring that “the picture would have “ Madam, - I have just received your Majes- been better painted if the painter had taken ty's letter, of the 8th of this month, and I hasten more trouble.” Nor will it ever be forgotten that to thank you for it. You will remember, per- the Bride of Lammermoor,' the masterpiece of haps, what happened at Eu between the King Walter Scott (whose defence of fertility, a propos and me.

You know the importance which I of Dryden, might have been quoted as germane have always attached to the maintenance of our

to the matter), was thrown off when the novelist cordial understanding, and the zeal with which I have laboured in it. You have learned with

was hardly conscious of what he wrote, owing to out doubt that we refused to arrange the mar-racking bodily pain. Those, we believe, on riage between the Queen of Spain and our whom the gift of fertility has been bestowed, cousin Leopold (which the two Queens were run some danger of becoming “nothing if not very anxious for), with the sole object of not fertile.” Their minds are impulsive rather than departing from a course which might be more thoughtful -- their fancies strengthened by the agreeable to the King, although we could not consider that course as the best. You can then easily. In the case of Donizetti, at least, it is obvious

very process and passion of pouring them forth. comprehend that the sudden announcement of the double marriage could cause us nothing but that his invention was, year by year, becoming surprise and very deep regret. I ask pardon, fresher with incessant use and practice. — Madam, for speaking to you at the present mo Bentley's Miscellany. ment about politics, but I am glad to be able to say to myself that I have been always sincere with you. Begging you to present my respects to the King, I am, Madam, your Majesty's very

THE PARADE AT VIENNA DURING THE CONdevoted sister and friend,

“ VICTORIA R."

So long as the weather was fine the Bastion It will be at once seen what words we com was the favorite haunt: there were to be seen mended at the outset:—“I am glad to be able the Emperor Alexander and Prince Eugene to say to myself that I have been always sincere Beauharnais walking arm in arm; Prince Metwith you.” What a rebuke! Not to Marie ternich and the Duke of Coburg, the handsomest Amelie, but to Louis Philippe, callous as he men of their day; while Lord and Lady Castlemay be or may have been: I have been always reagh walked about in the bright sunshine, sincere with you." He could not reciprocate. dressed as if for a masquerade, and utterly un

conscious that they were the observed of all ob

... On the Bastion were likewise to be seen the Archduke Charles, who, al

though he did not command in the last war, was “Facility" doomed by the epithet fatal — still covered with glory; the brave, chivalrous, has been too largely confounded with “ feeble-liberal-minded Prince William of Prussia ; the ness.” Now, in music at least, this is a huge Crown Prince of Würtemberg, distinguished by and untenable fallacy. Dangerous though it his military achievements, generally walking with seem to afford encouragement to idleness, to pre- Stein; the Crown Prince of Bavaria — too early sumption, to invention by chance, to a spirit of snatched from this world — with Field Marshal money-making cupidity, the perpetuation of von Wrede, the victor at Hanau; the Grand falsehood is yet more dangerous; and there are Duke of Baden, young, pale, ill-looked upon, few falsehoods more complete than the reproach and marked out, as it were, for sacrifice; the conveyed in the above assertions. With very Duchess de Sagan with her sisters; the Count few exceptions, all the great musical composers and Countess Bernstorff, the latter one of the have been fertile when once taught, and capable first beauties of the Congress; Counts Capo of writing with as much rapidity as ease. Bach, d'Istrias and Pozzo di Borgo; Cardinal Consalvi Handel (whose · Israel' was completed in three walking with Bartholdy, who pointed out to bim weeks), Haydn (more of whose compositions are the various personages and their business; the lost than live), Mozart — all men remarkable as young Marquis de Custine and the Count de discoverers and renowned as classics — beld the Noailles ; the Grand Duke of Weimar, even pens of ready writers. Rossini's • Il Barbiere, there the most affable of princes, full of intelagain, which has now kept the stage for two-and- lectual activity and kindly feeling:- but any thirty years, was the work of thirteen days — attempt at further description were vain. To

servers.

FERTILITY OF MUSICAL COMPOSERS.

SXAIL GARDENS.

sum up in a few words, all Vienna and the whole | three inches below the surface, and there they Congress were to be seen pushing their way seal themselves up for the winter: when this is through the crowd. The Bastion might be completely accomplished, they are collected, called a diplomatic Bourse ; and indeed affairs packed in suitably perforated boxes lined with were there much discussed : it was observed, straw, and sent off. however, that neither Gentz nor Humboldt were Careful foddering, and a good barvest season, ever seen there. — Varnhagen Von Ense. are essential to the thriving of the snails; and

even in spite of this a great many are lost. Wood LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE, snails are larger and more savoury, but are more

subject to casualties. In each garden there are On this curious subject the following paper

generally fed from 15,000 to 40,000, and these

are sold at about three florins per 1000. This has been translated for us from the “ Leipsic Illustrated Newspaper” :

manner of making use of the snails is of double

advantage — freeing, on the one hand, fields and In Vorarlberg, the collecting and rearing of gardens from burdensome guests; and affording the large garden snails, which are so injurious to on the other, to those so employing themselves, vegetation, forms a peculiar branch of agricultur

a considerable source of profit. — Chambers' al industry, and amounts even to no inconsider- Miscellany. able trade. Whole cargoes of these snails are sent from Arlberg to the South Tyrol, where

DIALOGUES OF THE LIVING. they are consumed as dainties. The mode of

Under this head has appeared a series of able procedure in collecting and feeding them is as

papers in the Ballinasloc Western Star. We follows:- In various parts of Vorarlberg, from give the following clever allegorical sketch from the beginning of June till the middle of August, the last number : “Phelim O'Tool was going the snails, which, as is well known, seek their to market one day with oysters, and he thought nourishment at this season in damp places, and to himself 'sitting 's as cheap as standing;' so creep about gardens, hedges, coppices, and up he gets on the car, and lies on his back till he woods, are collected by boys and girls, and car falls asleep; presently up goes the car against a ried to the feeding-places, which are commonly big stone lying in the centre of the road in the neighbourhood of the dwellings of the knocks off the wheel, and tumbles out the poor These snail gardens have usually an

man and his oysters into the muddy road. Who extent of from one to three hundred square fath- should come by, and Phelim picking up the oms of dry garden ground, are quite divested of oysters, but Mr. Bull, and he began to pity the trees and shrubs, and are surrounded on all poor man; and says he, “Mr. O'Tool, you sides by a stream of running water. The stream, should exert yourself, and walk by the side of at its exit, is made to pass through a wooden your car, instead of going to sleep on it, and then grating, in order to prevent such of the snails as

that would n't happen to you.' • That's true,' happen to fall into the water from being washed says Phelim,' and I'll mind myself for the fuaway. The grating is examined once or twice ture.' With that Mr. Bull helps him to pick up a-day, generally morning and evening, and the the oysters, and pities him very much for losing snails found there are replaced in the interior of the market; so he hands him over a sack of the garden ; this is necessary, as they would oth- meal to assist him, and after advising him for his erwise collect into too large quantities, and would good trots on away before him. Well, in about become weak and sickly by remaining long in another half hour up comes Mr. O'Dun, of the water. In the interior of the garden, little Scrape Hall, and says he, · Hallo, Mr. O'Tool, heaps of pine twigs, generally of the mountain what has happened to you?' So Phelim tells pine, mixed loosely with wood moss, are placed him all the story. Well, Mr. O'Dun gets up on every two or three square fathoms, for the in a mighty passion, and says he, · Are you such purpose of protecting the snails from cold, and

an omadhaun, Mr. O'Tool, as to be humbugged especially from the scorching rays of the sun. in this kind of way? Sure it's Mr. Bull that When the pine twigs become dry, and lose their ought to be driving you about, and selling your leaves, they are replaced by fresh ones.

oysters for you,' says he, and not your father's Every day, and particularly in damp weather, - a descendant of the great O'Tools. •Faith, the snails are fed with the kinds of

grass
found

so I think myself,' says Phelim; 'but then Mr. most suitable for them, and with cabbage leaves. Bull was so kind I thought his advice was the In harvest, at the return of cold weather, they best.' “You'll drive me mad, O'Tool,' says he, go under cover that is, they collect under the talking about his kindness — didn't I see him heaps of twigs, and bury themselves, if the ground myself come quietly and take the linch-pin out under these has been previously dried, two or of the car while you were asleep, and then he

owners.

son

6

says Phelim.

6

ENGLAND,

pretends to pity you.' But here's the meal,' | court, and translated by Mr. Manning; the origi

Throw his meal to the pigs, the nal being printed on an opposite page. The transdirty scoundrel,' says Mr. O'Dun, “and let's lation occasionally generalizes the point of the drive after him, and pelt him well with oyster original into an equivocal meaning or a very safe shells,' says he. But sure there's oysters in truism; but the collection in the French is not so them,' says Phelim. “Never mind,' says O'Dun, striking as might have been expected from the • I'll eat the oysters while you throw the shells reputation of Napoleon, and the force and point at him. And so the poor man pelted away all of some of his sayings. Part of this may arise from his shells, while Mr. O'Dun was opening them the remark being separated from the occasion; and eating the oysters.”

but something is to be allowed for the fact that a

man succeeds best in his own business. Whatever SHORT REVIEWS AND NOTICES.

may be the case with“ political aphorisms,” “ morTREATISE ON THE FALSIFICATIONS OF

al and philosophical thoughts” are turned out in Food, and the Chemical Means employed to the best style by moral philosophers. Detect them, &c. By John MITCHELL, M. C. S., Author of " Manual of Practical Assaying.”

RECENT PUBLICATIONS. It is nearly thirty years since Mr. Accum alarmed the timid by exbibiting how much of

Catlin's Notes of Eight Years' Travels and poison lurks in the pot. Since that time chem- Residence in Europe with his North American istry has made great advances in detecting adul- Indian Collection. With Anecdotes and Inciteration by tests; but, unhappily, the other side dents of the Travels and Adventures of three has been equally active, and the rogues have different parties of American Indians whom he been as successful as the honest men in the pursuit introduced to the Courts of England, France, of science sometimes a shade more. Hence,

and Belgium. In two volumes. With numer

ous illustrations. Mr. Mitchell thinks the time has come when

Egypt's Place in Universal History: an Histhere is rooin for a fresher view of the various torical Investigation, in Five Books. By Chrisadulterations practised in corrupting our food, tian C. J. Bunsen, D. Ph. and D. C. L. Transwith the tests to detect them. The Treatise on lated from the German, by Charles II. Cottrell, the Falsifications of Food carries out this object; Esq., M. A. Volume I. and in a startling way. The elements of death King René's Daughter: a Danish Lyric Draand disorder enter our mouths do what we will.

ma. By Henrik Herz. Rendered into English Wine, spirits, beer, cider, are all corrupted; and of the Fortunes and Misfortunes of Good King

Verse, and illustrated by an Historical Sketch many unlucky mortals have the discredit of

René. By the Honourable Edmund Phipps. drop too much last night,” when the disorder is A Rational Illustration of the Book of Comowing, not to wine, but to the " compound” of mon Prayer of the Church of England: being the wine-merchant. Yet “ taking the pledge” the Substance of everything Liturgical in Bishis no escape.

Tea, coffee, chocolate, sugar, op Sparrow, Mr. L'Estrange, Dr. Comber, Dr. milk, are ali adulterated; even total abstinence is Nichols, and all former Ritualists, Commentators,

and others, upon the same subject. By Charles not safe with water. The rain is corrupted by Wheatly, M. A., Vicar of Brent and Furneux being conveyed along leaden gutters and pipes, Pelham, in Hertfordshire. (Bohn's Standard or received into leaden cisterns; and a terrible Library.) story is told of leaden pumps, operating upon History of Europe, from the Commencement those “ whose drink was water from the spring.” of the French Revolution in 1789 to the RestoThe condiments and pickles with which we tempt Alison, F. R. S. E., Advocate.

ration of the Bourbons in 1815. By Archibald

Volume the our palates, the very soap with which we clean

seventeenth. Seventh edition. our skin, are not what they seem. How these

Suggestive Hints towards Improved Secular things are done, and the public with them, may Instruction, making it bear upon Practical Life. be read in Mr. Mitchell's treatise, as well as the By the Reverend Richard Dawes, A. M., Vicar modes by which such roguery may be detected, of King's Somborne, Hants. Second edition. by those who like to question the pedigree of a dish.

Every Lady her own Flower-Gardener. Ad

dressed to the Industrious and Economical only. POLITICAL APHORISMS, MORAL AND Pui- By Louisa Johnson. Ninth edition. LOSOPHICAL THOUGHTS OF THE EMPEROR Letters addressed to the Countess of Ossory, NAPOLEON. Collected from upwards of eighty from the year 1769 to 1797. By Horace Waloriginal works, by CTE. ATE. G. DE LIANCOURT. pole, Lord Orford. Now first printed from Edited by JAMES ALEXANDER MANNING, Esq., Original MSS. Edited, with Notes, by the of the Inner Temple.

Right Honourable R. Vernon Smith, M. P. In

two volumes. A selection of the remarks of Napoleon on all Personal Recollections of the late Daniel sorts of subjects, made by the Count De Lian- | O'Connell, M. P. By William J. O'N. Daunt,

а

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GERMANY.

CONTENTS.

385 388

.

History of the Reign of Louis XV., .

Blätter für Literarische Unterhaltung,
Chartism,

Frazer's Magazine, .
Jactitation of Marriage; or, the Wedding in the
Fog,

Tait's Erlinburgh Maguzine,
English Adventure in Borneo,

Dublin University Magazine, Eastern Life, Present and Past,

Examiner, Comparative Sketches of France and England, Spectator, The State Prosecutions,

Dublin University Maguzine,
COLLECTANEA.- Conqueror and Conquered, Medical Times,

Queens and their Letters,
Fertility of Music Composers

, Bentley's Miscellany;
Parade at Vienna during the
Congress,

Varnhagen Von Hanse,
Literary and Scientific Intelligence,
Short Reviews and Notices,
Recent Publications,

399 407 419 421 425 423 428 429

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To agents who will interest themselves in extending the circulation of the work, liberal commissions will be given.

THE FERMENTATION OF EUROPE.

I.

WHY WE HAVE NO HOPES FOR FRANCE. — WHY WE HAVE MUCII IOPE FOR ITALY

AND GERMANY. WHY WE HAVE NO FEARS FOR ENGLAND.

The spring of 1848 will be memorable enormous wealth, and has not scrupled at means through all time, both for the magnitude of the which would have soiled the hands of a notary political events which it has witnessed, and for or a huckster, should in the end be flung upon a the unexampled rapidity with which they have foreign shore, stripped of his vast possessions, succeeded each other. Demands — concessions and almost dependent upon eleemosynary aid.

constitutions revolutions - abdications - It is just that he, who was prepared to entangle have trod upon the heels of one another, with a his country in a war with England, for the sake speed which takes away the breath of the be- of gaining a royal position for his son, should be holder. The quiet of last year has been fol- reduced, with that son, to find himself in Eng. lowed by a series of explosions, almost, if not land, a fugitive, and a petitioner for shelter. He altogether, without precedent; and the hopes has sown the wind, and it was just that he should and fears of all who are interested in the prog- reap the whirlwind. ress and amelioration of humanity are excited * La charle sera desormais une vérité," exto the highest point. For ourselves, our hopes claimed Louis Philippe, when he ascended the greatly predominate over our fears; not, per- throne in 1830; but instead of a truth, he has haps, for the immediate present, but for the not made it a nullity. Siep by step he augmented very remote future; not, perhaps, for France, the power of the crown, and restricted the privbut for Europe, and the world.

ileges of the people; be curtailed the liberty of the Of the present and the immediate future of press, and the security for fair trial to political France, the aspect seems very gloomy. We offenders, while he used the machinery of corhave no hopes, either from the present move- ruption, (always too mighty and well organized ment or the present men. The day for the re- in France,) with unparalleled and unsparing generation of that unlearning and impure coun- profusion; till every vestige of individual liberty try has not yet dawned. “Oh! that she had had been swept away. So completely had this known, in this her day of opportunity, the work been accomplished, that men might be, things which belong unto her peace; but alas! and were, imprisoned without warrant, and kept they are hidden from her eyes.” Upon her in prison without either themselves or any one alone, of all the nations of Europe, the experi- else knowing what was the charge against them: ence of the past, in which she was the greatest and whatever wrong or outrage might be comsharer and sufferer, seems to have been thrownmitted against a citizen by an authorized agent away. She alone like her old incubi, the Bour- of the “citizen king,” the former had no refuge bons, seems to have learnt nothing, and forgotten or redress; he could not apply for protection or nothing; to have forgotten no old watchwords, amends from a court of law, without first asking and learnt no new wisdom.

permission from the king in council, the very The popular outbreak, and the overthrow of notion of which was scouted as an absurdity ; 80 the late government, caused us little surprise, that unless he had a friend in the Chamber of and no regret. For that unwise monarch, who, Deputies, to interrogate the minister in his befor the last seventeen years, has been laboring half, his demand for justice was as echoless and with patient and unresting industry to destroy ineffectual as that of one crying in the wilderthe freedom and complete the demoralization of ness. his country, we can feel little compassion. It is Therefore, we did not wonder that the French just that he, whose whole regal career bas been people, who seem to be as impatient of oppression a series of pertinacious treasons against that as they are unfit for freedom, arose in a phrenzy popular spirit which placed him on the throne, to reconquer their rights. Nor did we wonder should be at last ejected with ludicrous ignominy | that when Louis Philippe abdicated, they at in the extremity of age. It is just that he, who once, and, as it were, instinctively, declared for has so unceasingly plotted for the aggrandise- a republic. Every branch of the Bourbons had ment of his family and the augmentation of his been tried in turn; and every branch bad

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