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the rebellion can be derived ; without them, very till two centuries after the alleged oocurrence. little. Of personal narratives by far the most MR. Mount's inquiry elicited no answer, and the interesting is that of Charles Jackson. Jackson authority for Gifford's statement has still to be got early into the rebels' power, and to save his life discovered. In addition to the dictionaries cited was made by them to execute some of their by MR. Mount, I have turned to the recentlyprisoners, his fellow townsmen, with his own hands. published 'Stanford Dictionary of Anglicized He appears to have been the last man, in the last Words and Phrases,' in the hope of gaining some batch, on the last day, brought down to the bridge further information. This dictionary merely reat Wexford by Dixon's orders to be piked; and iterates the statement of its predecessors, and adds was kneeling there tremblingly expecting his turn to the Jonson citation the following lines from when orders came that every able-bodied rebel was 'Hudibras,' part iii. canto i. (1678) :wanted at Vinegar Hill. So in a dazed sort of a Youl'a find yourself an arrant Chouse condition he was taken back to gaol, the safest If y' were but at a Meeting House. place for him. From gaol the next day he some- An earlier quotation might have been giver how or other managed to pass safely through the from Wycherley's comedy of 'Love in a Wood,' hands of the infariated soldiers to his wife and Act I. sc. i., in which Lady Flippant tells her children and his burnt-out home, to pick up after- estimable friend Mrs. Joyner that she is “ wards what precarious living he could as a carver better than a chouse, a cheat.” This play was, in and gilder in impoverished Wexford, and to all probability, first produced on the stage of write his parrative.
W. 0. WOODALL, Drury Lane Theatre in the spring of 1671, but Scarborough.
may have been written some years earlier.* The P.S.-If it should so happen that any one in word was, therefore, in vogue soon after the Restoraterested in this rebellion history should care tion; but is there any evidence that it was omabout having photographs of the places I have men- ployed at an earlier date ! The Turkish incident tioned, I may state that the negatives of the must have occurred in 1609, and it seems extremely photographs taken for me are (I believe) still in the improbable that a word of the “boycott" class possession of the photographer who took them, should have lain dormant for a period of fifty or Mr. Andrews, 13, High Street, Wexford.
sixty years from the date of the events out of which it originated, and should then bave come into com
If the theory of Mr. Sala and the dic“ CHOUSE.”—Mr. G. A. Sala, in his "Echoes of tionary-makers is to be substantiated, I submit the Week,” printed in the Sunday Times of May 14, that it is necessary for some evidence to be prorefers to an article on Americanisms which recently duced showing that the word was employed in its appeared in the Daily News, in which the writer modern sense between the days of Ben Jonson and observed that many words ordinarily supposed to those of Wycherley and Butler. Otherwise, I think be of Transatlantic coinage are not American at all. it would be safer to assume that chouse is a colOne of these words is chouse, which, according to loquialism of English, perhaps provincial, origin, the Daily News writer, is “perfectly good English." to which the freedom of the Restoration drama On this Mr. Sala remarks :
gave some kind of literary currency. “I should say that chouse can only be considered good
W. F. PRIDEAUX. English in the same sense that burke, macadamize, boy- 29, Avenue Road, N.W. cott, bowdlerize, and grangerize can be held to be English. Chouse has a very curious origin, of which the writer in SIR JOHN FALSTAFF.—At the commencement the Daily News does not seem to be aware. . It was for- of Balzac's historical novel entitled 'Sur Catherine merly spelled chiaus, chiauz, and chaous; various tions of the Turkish word for å messenger, agent, and do Médicis,' occurs the following remarkable interpreter. It happened that a Turkish commercial in passage :London, in the reign of James I., swindled some of the “Par suite d'un caprice de Shakspeare, et pout-être merchants trading with Turkey out of large sums of fut-ce une vengeance comme celle de Beaumarchais contre money; and from the notoriety of the circumstance the Bergasse [Bergear88], Falstaffest, en Angleterre, le type du word came to mean a cheat, and so gave rise to the verb ridicule ; son nom provoque le rire. C'est le roi des clowns. to chouse. Ben Jonson mentions & chiaus in the 'Al. Au lieu d'être énormément replet, sottement amoureux, chemist.'»
vain, ivrogne, vieux, corrupteur, Falstaff était un des porI do not feel sure that the matter is so certain sonnages les plus importants de son siècle, chevalier do as Mr. Sala assumes it to be.
l'ordre de la Jarretière, et revêtu d'un commandement
Some years ago supérieur. A l'avénement de Henri V. au trône, Şir Fal. (N. & Q.;' 7th S. vi. 387) MR. C. B. Mount staff avait au plus trente-quatre ang. Co général qui se dealt with the word in a very interesting note, signala pendant la bataille d'Azincourt et y fit prisonn which he traced its dictionary, pedigree, and wound up by asking for further information re
* Wycherley uses the same expression in his 'Gentle. garding the history of the swindling chiaus, wbich Chouse, a cheat” are put into the mouth of Mrs. Caution.
man Dancing - Master,' III, i., where the words "S 80 far seemed to rest upon the authority of Gifford, This play was first printed in 1673, but was probably whose notes to Jonson's plays were not written produced a year or two earlier.
nier le Duc d'Alençon, prit en 1420 Montereau, qui fut It may be noted that Mr. John Lionel Ching, vigoureusement défendu. Enfin, sous Henri VI., il battit the gentleman in question, is the son of a former dix mille Français avec quinze cents soldats fatigués et Mayor of Launceston, the grandson of another of mourants de faim! Voilà pour la guerre." I have searched all the books within my reach of John Ching, of Launceston and Cheapside,
the borough's chief magistrates, and great-grandson that seemed likely to throw any light upon this
whose worm lozenges were famous among our foresubject, but to very little effect. I may, however, fathers. On these lozenges “Peter Pindar" wrote a mention that in Chambers's 'Book of Days (vol. ii. p. 551) the following pame is included in were described the wonderful effects of the medicine
squib, called The First Book of Ch-gs,' wherein the obituary for November 6 : “ Died, Sir John on the king and on his courtiers, on bis captains Falstaff, English knight, 1460, Norwich”; and on over fifties and on his captains over hundreds." referring to the 'Imperial Gazetteer,' under the
DUNHEVED. heading of “Norwicb,"I find the following notice : “Two curious old mansions are Fastolt's Place, or TENNYSONIANA : THE MANUSCRIPT OF 'POEMS Falstaff's Palace, built before 1459 by Fastols of BY Two BROTHERS,' 1827.-A record of the sale Caistor.” Probably some of the learned corre- of this precious little work should be given in spondents of 'N. & Q.' may be able to throw some N. & Q.' It was sold by Sotheby, Wilkinson additional light upon this subject, and even to dis- & Hodge on Friday, Dec. 23, 1892, and was prove the assertions of Balzac, which, as they stand bought by Mr. R. Bowes for Messrs. Macmillan in the above extract, would appear to charge Shake & Bowes, of Cambridge, for the sum of 4801. This speare as having been guilty, not only of bad taste, included the receipt given to Messrs. Jackson for but also of spiteful and long-continued defamation 201.
, the amount agreed upon for the copyright of of character.
G. MARSON. the volume and a copy of the printed book. In Southport.
offering this manuscript for sale, Messrs. Mac(For Sir John Fastolf se Sketch of the History of millan & Bowes described it as follows :Caister Castle,"1842; Procès de la Precellé,' by Quicherat; “ The original autograph manuscript, consisting of (1) * Nouvelle Biographie Générale,' &c.]
A volume of 76 leaves, originally bound in brown sheep
skin but taken to pieces to print from. (2) The inside SIR TAOMAS JONES (D. 1692), CAIEF JUSTICE of the boards of the volume covered with writing. (3) OF THE COMMON PLEAS.-His baptism as "son Five poems in continuation of the volume with a leaf of of Edward Jobnes, Esquier” (above “gentleman,” corrections : in all 12 leaves. (With rough pen sketches erased), is recorded in the parish register of St. 'Tis sweet to lead from stage to stage 1' 2 leaves. (5) Alkmund, Shrewsbury, under date Oct. 13, 1614. A letter, without date, 4 closely written pages, containSee further ‘Dict. Nat. Biog., vol. xxx. p. 166. ing a list of 100 poems in the MS. volume that are to
DANIEL HIPWELL. form the printed volume, and some remarks on the 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.
amount to be paid for the copyright. (6) The intro
duction, dated March, 1827, 1 leaf. (7) A letter, without “GRASS-WIDOW."-I do not know the French date, objecting to the initials C. & A. T. being put at the equivalent at the present time, thougb very likely end of the introduction, with list of errata on the there is one. But such a widow is neatly termed reverse, 1 leaf. : (8) A letter, without date, attached to
(4) and concluding on p. 2: The C. & A. T, did not by Froissart a “veuve de vif mari.” His words form part of our agreement. You, of course, added it are :
inadvertently !'" "Monseigneur, vous savez que je suis une seule femme The whole as described, 4201. The receipt for .....et veuve de vif mari, s'il plast à Dieu, car monseig- the copyright and the printed volume were not neur Guicbart [her husband) gît prisonnier en Espaigne offered for sale. A short description gave the ons ès dangers du roi d'Espaigne.”—Livre i, partie ii., result of a minute
examination of the MS., and chap. ccclviii.
F. CHANCE, the authorsbip of most of the poems identified. Sydenham Hill,
The result is given in the new edition of the work
just issued :CORNISH OR CAINESE 2-Io a recent issue of
“We have also compared the MS. with the printed the Launceston Weekly News is an account of the volume and find that there is hardly a poem that has not success of one of its townsmen who has settled in been altered, while in the case of some of the poems the Queensland, which contains the following curious variations between the MS. and the printed volnme are passage :
numerous." “Mr. Ching is never tired of declaring his birthplace,
Endeavours were made to keep the manuscript and in all his advertisements, &c., be puts after his in England, but without success, and it has gone name, 'From Launceston, Cornwall, England.' This is, to America. According to a late number of the no doubt,
in order to prevent his suffering from the anti- Publisher's Weekly it is in the possession of Dodd, name has rather a Chinese ring, and he asks his agents Meath & Co., of Boston. It would be well to to take notice and to make the fact known that he hails know from an American correspondent where the not from the Flowery Land, but from the good old town manuscript is finally deposited. G. J. Gray, of Launceston, Cornwall.""
MAY-day.-It may interest some readers of is a woman, with right arm completely bare and 'N. & Q.' to know that it is still common in parts banging down. In the hand is an instrument, the of Shropshire-notably in the neighbourhood of top portion only seen, having the appearance of the Shrewsbury, Wellington, and the Weald Moors-top part of a poker. The one white garment, for the children to honour May-day by coming partially covering the upper portion of the perround to the houses with posies of the glittering son, hangs supported by the left shoulder. The flowers of cattha—marsh-marygold, as it is wrongly lower garments are dark, and fastened tightly named-and which just now in marish places is round the waist. The face, like those of the others, burning on the moors" like a thing dipped in is turned towards the right, but looking round on sunshine." Shropshire boys and girls call them the beholder with a leering smile, awaking the “May-flowers," and great bunches of them may be thought that she is the cause of the old man's pain seen suspended on cottage doors on the morning and is enjoying the contemplation of it. The books of May-day.
and the woman's arm are beautifully painted. The Query, Are not these flowers Shakespeare's canvas measures forty-nine by thirty-seven inches. “Cuckoo-buds of yellow hue"? Elsewhere he can any one say what is the subject ? Jacques, or speaks of the “crow-foot," the old name of butter-Jacob, Jordeans (1594–1678), born in Antwerp, was cup, and still used by botanists as the tribal name son-in-law to Adam van Oort, under whom ho of the Ranunculaceæ. His song is of the cuckoo, studied; he also received instruction from Rubens. with whose coming the cattha has always been
D. MACPHAIL. associated. Linneus tells us that in Sweden the Johnstone. wood-anemope blows on the arrival of the swallow, and the marsh-marygold, cattha, when the cuckoo designating a kind of hemp, But in the account
“FIMBLE.”—I find this word in dictionaries as sings, and the same coincidence has been
observed books preserved at Althorp the word occurs in a in England.
C. A. WHITE.
totally different sense. In the year 1597 there is False Dice.-- The following passage explains a payment of eightpence “to Lammey for a boke the various methods of cheating at dice in the and fimble for Great Norrells gate, the other being Elizabethan era so well, that I transcribe it in full
, stolen.” Is fimble still in use in Northamptonfor the benefit of commentators on old plays, &c. :' sbire ; and is it noticed in any dialect glos
What false dise use they? as die stopped up with sary? Many interesting extracts from the Althorp quicksilver and heares, dise of a vauntage, flattes, gourdes household books are to be found in the Appendix to chop and chaunge whan they lyste, to lette the trew to Mr. Simpkinson's tale “The Washingtons,' diso fall under the table, and so take up the false, and published in 1860.
JAYDEE. if they be true dise, what shyfte wil they make to set ye one of them with slyding, with cogging, with foysting, SIR THOMAS ROBINSON, BARt., and his sister with coytinge as they call it."-Ascham's Toxophilus," are described by Dr. Busby, the famous bead 1545, fol. 20.
J. E. SPINGARN.
master of Westminster School, in a codicil to his New York,
will, as his "only near relations now living." Ac
cording to Burke's 'Extinct and Dormant BaroQueries.
netcies,' Sir Thomas Robinson succeeded as third
baronet on June 6, 1684, and died without issue on We must request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only private interest to affix their April 21, 1743. His sister appears to have married names and addresses to their queries, in order that the
Sir Comport Fitch. I shall be glad to have answers may be addressed to them direct.
further particulars of them, and to know in what
relationship they stood to Dr. Busby, and whether PICTURE BY JACQUES JORDAENS.—There is a there are any descendants of Lady Fitch in existpainting by Jacques Jordaens, the title of which ence.
G. F. R. B. I should be pleased to know. Three figures are AUSTRIAN FLAG AT ACRE.-Can any reader of depicted, one that of an old man seated at a N. & Q.'inform me where I can find an authentic table on which are open books which he has been copy of the Austrian flag which Richard I. is said reading, and a few closed, having clasps. His left to bave thrown into the ditch at Acre? Any hand supports bis head, which is turned up, show. reference will be acceptable. R. H. S. ing the face marked with an expression of deep sorrow or great pain. His right hand clutches the BRIGADIER-GENERAL W. PHILIPPS.-I write to lapel of his purple robe. The second figure is also ask whether you can throw any light on a disthat of an old man, but younger than the other. tinguished officer of the Royal Artillery, who fought His right hand is laid on the right arm of the at the celebrated siege of Boston, and died a very other, and his face, very pale, is bent towards him few years afterwards of fever in Virginia in 1776. with a look of deep compassion, as, standing be. I refer to Brigadier General William Philipps. I bind him, he seeks to administer consolation. want to know~1. What family of English Philippses Both of these wear full beards. The third figure be belonged to. 2. Whether it is true that his
wife Mary and daughter Louisa, aged about ten J. H. MORTIMER : SHAKSPEARE CHARACTERS. years, were with him at the siege of Boston. 3. -How many of these did he design and engrave ? Whether his greatest friend was not Major Small, I know of twelve, and what appears to be a titlewho distinguished himself greatly at the Battle of page (undated) with lettering “Nature and Bunker's Hill.
Genius," introducing Garrick to the Temple of F. W. FEILDING-KANE, Lieut.-Col. Shakespear; the other twelve are dated May 20, EPITAPH.-Can any reader of 'N. & Q.' ex
1775. The size is 16 in. by 13 in.
Geo. CLULOW. plain the following, from a tomb in Christchurch
Belsize Avenue, N.W.
“SPURN-POINT.” – Io Jeremy Taylor's 'SerRayed not to life
mons,' Sermon xxii., 'The Good and Evil Tongue,' But to be buried twice
part ii., see, towards the close of section ii., "He By men of strife What rest could the living have
that makes a jest of the words of Scripture......he Wben dead had none
stakes Heaven at spurn-point"? Dan any one Agree amongst you
explain the "spurn-point." It has no capital Here we ten are one.
letter in the edition of Tyler, London, 1668. Henry Rogers, died April 17, 1641.
J. T. F. G. H, CLARKE. Bp. Hatfield's Hall, Durham. PORTRAIT BY KNELLER.- I have a life-size por- COBBLERS CALLED "SNOBS."—Why in certain trait of Sir Thomas Robinson, Bart., supposed to parts of the country (Hertfordshire, to wit) are be painted by Sir Godfrey Kneller. Can any of cobblers called snobs ? your readers tell me anything about the history of
JOAN CAURCHILL SIKES. the picture ?
W. R. 13, Wolverton Gardens, Hammersmith, W.
[See 7th 8. iv, 127.] CHURCH PATRONAGE TRUST.-This is a similar body to that known as the Simeon Trustees (who BARCLAY'S ENGLISH DICTIONARY.'-What was were the subject of several communications to your the Christian name of the author of Barclay's columns some years since (see 6th S. x. 229, 315, Complete and Universal English Dictionary'? 433, 524), in regard to holding the patronage of a The work was published at Liverpool in 1811. number of churches in various parts of the country.
HELLIER R. H. GOSSELIN. Can any of your readers oblige me with informa- Bengeo Hall, Hertford. tion respecting the history and constitution of this trust-that is, when and where was it formed; 1863, from Wouldham, near Rochester
, written by
M. YATES.--I have a letter, dated Aug. 31, what are the general provisions of the trust under the above. Will any autograph collector kindly which the body was constituted ; how did they become possessed of the advowsons which they say if the letter is worth keeping, and for what Me.
PAILIP PENTIN. now hold; how are vacancies in their number
Midland Institute, Birmingham, supplied; what are the names of the present members; and who is their secretary? My pur
RAYME ON CALVINISM. - Can any of your pose in asking this information is not controversial ; readers tell me where I can find the rhyme conbut it seems curious that a body having such a taining a short and succinct description of Calvinlarge number of benefices in their gift, as appears ism, part of which runs something like this ?by the Clerical Directory,' should be so utterly
You can and you can't, ignored in all publications in which Church matters
You will and you won't ; are dealt with, such as “The Church Year-Book,'
You 'll be damned if you do,
You 'll be damned if you don't. &c. I hope, therefore, it will be possible to ascertain these particulars through your columns.
J. B. FLEMING. W. S. B. H.
How TO REMOVE VARNISH.-Will some correMAPLE Cups. - At the coronation of King spondent kindly tell me the best way to remove George III. the Mayor and Burgesses of Oxford, hard clear varnish or French polish from oak furniby charter, claim to serve in office of butlership to ture made some twenty odd years ? the king with the citizens of London, with all fees
H. M. LL. thereupto belonging allowed, and to have three CARIST Cross Row ALPHABET. (See 4th S. vi. "maple cups" for their fee; and also, ex gratiâ 367 ; vii. 418.)—It seems worth while to reopen regis, a large gilt bowl and cover (* Annual this question by noting that, having come across Register,' 1761, p. 202). Are these cups still the word kruasa, used as the Basque for alphabet, retained by the Corporation ; and have thoy any, in the little 'Gramera Berria ikasteko Eskualdunec thing to do with other so-called maple, or mazer, mintzatzen Espainoles; ó sea Nueva Gramática cups occasionally seen?
W. P. para enseñar a los Bascos a hablar Español por D.
Francisco Jauregui de San Juan' (Buenos Aires, and especially to know by what armorial insignia 1883), I asked several French Basques to explain they were distinguished. Can any one kindly it to me, as it was otherwise a perfect stranger. I inform me?
H, NORRIS. learned that it must be a transcription of Castilian Tamworth, cruz or French croix, plus the Basque definite and post-positive article a, and that it must refer to
THE ROYAL LUSITANIAN LEGION. I have a the custom, formerly existing in Basque schools, of book entitled 'A Narrative of the Campaigns of the beginning the alphabet lesson with the sign of the Royal Lusitanian Legion under Sir Robert Wilson,' Christian faith, which was also printed at the &c., viii, 346 pp., 8vo., London, for E. Egerton, beginning of the alphabet in the books. Canon 1812, about the author of which I would like to Inchauspe, a learned Basque, author of eight know something. volumes described in the ** Essai d'une Biblio- The book is edited by Col. William Mayno. graphie de la Langue Basque, par Julien Vinson” The “Narrative” is only from pages 29 to 117, (Paris, 1891), and of a beautiful translation in while most of the text consists of an Appendix Souletin prose of the first canto of the Inferno, lettered A-R. Appendix D contains an extensive kindly sent me the following note thereon : “Dans notice of the death of Sir John Moore. In the mon enfance on apprenait l'alphabet sur un feuillet “Advertisement,” signed William Mayne, he qui avait une Croix en commençant, avant l'A, et speaks of being indebted for the “ Narrativo” to on disait croix à la Croix, puis A, B, &c.” See a young officer, one of the most meritorious what Littré says in his dictionary about croic as Flowers of the corps.". This is evidently a pan meaning alphabet.
on the name of Capt. Lillie, of the 60th British HEUSCAROLOGUS ANGLICANUS. Infantry, who is mentioned in a MS. note as being Paris.
the author, and who is referred to in the text as
one of the officers in the expedition. “NOMENCLATOR NAVALIS." -I remember, some The British Museum Catalogue has this rather quarter of a century ago, examining in the British amusingly indexed under “Flower” as author, on Museum a manuscript haviog the above title. . It the apparent assumption that the word Flowers in is a dictionary of English naval terms. I think the "Advertisement” was simply a play on the there is more than one copy of it in the national word.
P. LEE PAILLIPS. collection. Has this work ever been printed ? If Washington, D.C. not, it is worthy of the attention of the English Dialect Society. There is, I understand, a refer- SIR CORNELIUS VERMUYDEN. This historic ence to a manuscript bearing this name in the Dutch engineer on English fens in the period of Second Report of the Historical MSS. Commis. James I. and Charles I. and onwards is believed sion,' p. 45.
K. P.D. E. by Dr. Smiles (see his 'Lives of the Engineers,'
i. 45) to have died abroad after 1656. I much LYN FAMILY OF BASSINGBOURNE.-Can any desire to learn whether any account of the Vergenealogist tell me whether the four brothers of muyden family exists in other English books. I William Lyn, of Bassingbourne, in 1588, who have some reasons for surmising that there are married Elizabeth Stuart, the mother, by a second descendants in England through a female line. marriage of Cromwell, married and left children? Charles Vormuden was a Christ Church B.A.
G. in 1661. Smiles records the Parliamentary “SHEDBARSCHEMOTH": "SCHARLACHAN.”—Sir Colonel Cornelius Vermuyden, the eldest son of Walter Scott, in his novel. The Antiquary'(vol. i. the engineer, resigning his commission and going chap. xxi.), puts these two words into the mouth of beyond seas in 1645, but reappearing in England Dousterswivel . As I see many contributions in in 1665 as a member of the Corporation
of the your columns on the subject of occult science, I Bedford Level. Mention is made (Burke's hope one of your readers can help me to find out : Landed Gentry,' 1849, iii. 247) of lands acquired if these two words are gibberish, invented by the in Sedgmoor by the marriage of a Blake with a author, or from what source he derived them, and daughter of Sir Cornelius, the name of Venn enter whether they have any meaning in our language.
ing, not clearly, into the statement. In the London GEORGE H. HOOTON.
Gazette of February 17, Sub-lieutenant Robert HAWISIA DE FERRERS. - From a charter of is promoted to be lieutenant.
Vermuyden Woods, of the Royal Naval Reserve,
KANTIUS. Robert de Ferrers, Junior, Earl of Nottingham Quinta dos Tanquinhos, Madeira. and second Earl of Derby, granted to Tutbury Priory in 1141, we learn that his mother's name MANDRAGORA.-In an old play, a witch gives was Hawisia, and in other records it is given as the hero the following advice : "Sow next thy Hawis and Hadewise. No additional Dame appears vines Mandrage, and ever keepe thine eares open," in any pedigree I have so far seen, and I am anxious &c. To what popular superstition does the author to discover of what family this lady was a member, allude ?
J. E. S.