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jesty's Ministers, who used every means in sioners in 1806, with his own reasoning their power to dissuade Mr. Lygon from his upon the illegality of such a Commission, purpose. After strangers had withdrawn, and terminating with expressing the expe: and in consequence of the sitting being diency of a new and different trial of, or rendered secret, Mr. Bennett moved an inquiry into, the same subject; the second adjournment, which was seconded by Lord motion was for a variety of papers conYarmouth, but, upon a division, was ne- nected with this subject, from 1806 to the gatived by 243 to 139. Mr. C. Johustone, present time. finding that the discussion of his proposition Lord Castlereagh defended the Commiswas not likely to be made public, with- sioners of 1806, and insisted that their «rew his motion ; and said, as one Gentle- appointment was agreeably to historical man bad exercised his right in clearing precedent. He did not think the House the gallery, he would use his privilege of of Commons a proper place either to try bringing forward the subject at a time the Princess of Wales for Treason, or to more convenient to himself.]

sit in judgment upon the levity of her

manners. The birth of the child had been Murch 5.

traced, and proved; its mother was Anne Mr. Lygon having again moved the ex- Austin. The Commissioners had acquitted clusion of strangers, Mr. Cochrane Johnstone, the Princess, as had his Majesty's then after declaring that he should not wound the Ministers, upon oath, not only of actual feelings of any branch of the Royal Family, criminality, but of imputed levity ; and and stating that he had no authority for likewise a subsequent Administration. A his motion from the Princess of Wales, prosecution had been recoinmended by proceeded to notice the Commission granted the first Cabinet against Sir John and by the King, in 1806, to Lords Grenville, Lady Douglas, which had not been instiGrey, Erskine, and Ellenborough, to exa- tuted ; not that there was any doubt of mine into certain allegations that had been punishment being brought down upon their preferred against the Princess of Wales. degraded heads, but to avoid bringing such He then read the whole of the Report subjects before the publick. made by the Commissioners in 1806 (see Mr. Whitbread conceived that the Noble p. 259.) The Hon. Member next pro- Lord had not furnished all the information ceeded to state, that the paper he should that was necessary regarding the late letnow read was a document which, he was He conceived the Princess unhapready to prove at the bar of the House, wus pily and unfortunately situated. The Hon. dictated by Lord Eldon, Mr. Perceval, and Member then adverted to her defence in Sir Thomas Plomer, though signed by the 1806, which had been conducted by Mr. Princess of Wales: it was a letter to the Perceval, Lord Eldon, and Sir T. Plomer'; King, on the 9th of October 1806, as a the papers they had drawn up, arraigning Protest against the Report of Commissie the Commission, and the evidence of the oners just detailed (see p. 201). The witnesses, The Noble Lords (Eldon and Hon. Member observed, that he fully Castlereagh), doubted the legality of the concurred in the sentiments it expressed Commission, as appeared by the Cabinet upon the subject of the Commission; and Minute of 1307, though that Commission he insisted that the charge against the pronounced a verdict of acquittal; and yet Princess before that Tribunal, by Sir John ihey refer the Privy Council, which lately and Lady Douglas, was nothing short of met, to the evidence taken before it Treason ; that, if the Commissioners bad thus trying the Princess a second time, power to acquit her Royal Highness of the not for her conduct. in 1807, 1808, and crime charged, they had equally the power 1809, or any subsequent year, but in to convict her. What was the state of tha: 1806. Mr. Perceval, to his dying day, country in whicb such a thing was even always publiely proclaimed the innocence possible ? — Besides, he inquired, what of the Princess; but as for her other sur: became of Sir John and Lady Douglas ? viving friends, they were mute. Mr. If he were rightly informed, they still per

Whitbread concluded an animated speech sisted in the same story; if all they main. amidst shouts of applause; and moved an tained were so notoriously false, why were amendment, for the production of the late. they not prosecuted? (Hear!)The Hon. Report of the Privy Council. Member went on to remark, that he un- Lord Castlereagh said, that it was not derstood no proceedings of the late Privy for the House to judge of the merits of the Council, except the Report, had been parties, under the long separation that transmitted to the Princess of Wales. had existed. No punishment had been This was the case in 1806; but he sub- inflicted on the Princess by the restraints mitted, that copies of all those examina- that were placed on the intercourse betions should be given to her. The Hon. tween her Royal Highness and the Princess Member then concluded by moving, first, Charlotte. When the Princess Charlotte a very long Resolution, containing nearly went to Windsor, the Prince altered the the whole of the Report of the Commis- arrangement under which the Princess


had been accustomed 'to see her, from and he would never make the Royal quaronce a week to once a fortnight, that less rely a stepping-stone to office. interruption of her studies might happen Sir S. Romilly defended the appointment by frequent journeys to London; and it of the Commission. was not intended to require the alteration The Attorney General (Sir T. Plomer) to continue longer than during the Prin. said, that he gave his professional advice cess's residence at Windsor. This was the to the Princess in 1806. He would not whole of what was magnified into a great disclose its purport; but he would say infliction of punishment and inference of that he never discovered any just foundaguilt, by the Princess.

tion for the charges against her. Mr. Brand thought the country exposed Mr. Whitbread said, that the Noble to difficulty and danger in regard to the Lord and his colleagues had not dared to Succession. It was not enough to say the answer the defiance of the Princess. They Regent had the sole prerogative of edu- could inquire into her conduct — nay, cating his daughter. Statements had been search her very heart and they had dehanded about, in which it was said, 'the clared her guiltless. So completely did Princess was accused by suborned wito she now appear acquitted of all possible nesses; and to suffer the matter to rest iniputation of blame, even by the persups here was a deniatof justice to the Princess. from whom the aspersions were by the

Mr. Wortley, as a man of honour and a world supposed in the last Report to Gentleman, felt warmly on this occasion. have been thrown upon her, ihat it was He thought that the Commissioners had in his mind unnecessary to press the exceeded their powers; that Ministers had matter to a division. Her innocence was not done their duty in ransacking evidence acknowledged entire - complete. To of 1806, to found a Report upon. The such restrietions as the Prince Regent in members of the

seemed to his capacity of Father to the Princess be the only persons in the country who Charlotte, or by the advice of his Miniswere wholly regardless of their own wel- ters, might think proper to iunpose upon fare and respectability. He would not her intercourse' with her daughter, she have the lay the Aattering unction must 'submit: it was her lot. But she to his sont, and think his conduct will bear had the satisfaction of knowing that her him harmless through all these transac. reputation henceforward

was, by the tions. He said this with no disrespect to confession of all, without imputaţion or him, or his family: no man was more at- reproach. tached to the Honse of

than he Mr. Canning complimented the last was; but, if he bad a sister in the same Member on his candour. The innocence situation, he would say she was exceeds of the Princess had been established by ingly ill-treated.

repeated acquittals, and the declaration Mr. W. Smith fully participated in what of Lord Castiereagh. There was no nefell from the Hon. Member: if his sister cessity for any further proceedings. As a had been treated as the Princess had been, Father, his Royal Highness had a right to he should feel extremely sore.

controul his own family; and as a SoveMr. Ponsonby could neither agree to reign, to educate the Heir to the Throne, the motion or amendment. The Report Mr. Cochrane Johnstone having declined ought not to be laid before the House, withdrawing his motion, that and the which could neither condemn nor acquit. amendment were negatived without a diThis was truly an attack on Government; vision.

INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE FROM THE LONDON GAZETTES. Office of Commissioners for the Affairs of the afternoon of the 18th inst. you did me India, Feb. 11. Dispatch from Col, the bonour to acquaint me, that the Sultan Gillespie, Commander of the forces in of Djojocarta had refused his acquies. Java, to the Hon. T. S. Raffles, Lieute- cence to those terms which in your wise nant-Governor of that Island, dated dom you had been pleased to offer; that, Djojocarta, June 25.

confident of the strength of his fortified Hon. Sur - Without entering upon any position, he had determined to brave the of the political points on which you did consequences our power might inflict, me the honour to consult with me, pre- and that he had assembled his army from vious to the adoption of hostilities against all parts of the kingdom, who were prethe Sultan of Djojocarta, I shall proceed pared and determined on resistance. The to report to you the various operations of troops I had collected at this period of the our small force, and the measures adopt, service, though few in numbers, were ed, under my authority, for bringing this formidable in gallantry; they consisted insolent and refractory Sovereign to a altogether of about 600 firelocks, a pro sense of what was due to the supremacy of portion of artillery, and two troops of his the British Government upon Java. - On Majesty's 220 dragoons. The remainder


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of eùr force, with our principal supply of Lieut. Hunter, who were severely burnt Ordnance, were coming forward under the by the explosion. Light parties were deorders of Lieut.-col. Mac. Leod, and were tached to scour the villages on the right expected to join my head-quarters during and left, and 'a body of the Sultan's the course of that night.-Hostilities had troops kept Major Dalton, and part of his in some measure commenced upon the battalion, on the alert during the night ; preceding evening. On our arrival at Djo- they were attacked four successive times jocarta, Lien.-col. Watson reported, that with great spirit, but they repulsed the a considerable body of the Sultan's troops ememy with steadiness and good conduct. bad left the Krattan, through the East At about three o'clock, P. M. I became gate, and had proceeded upon some offen- exceedingly anxious for the arrival of sive or predatory excursion, which I Lieut. col. Mac Leod and bis party. I thought it my duty immediately to pre- had received no report whatever of his vent. I accordingly desired a detachment progress, and I was apprehensive that he of fifty dragoons to escort me on a recon- had encountered some difficuity upon the noitering party, and I proceeded with my road, which might retard the service. [ Staff along the East wall of the Krattan, therefore detached Lieut. Hale with 25 and pursued them on a road to the East. dragoons, to obtain some information reward, which the people of the country re- specting him, and I afterwards supported ported they had taken: after a very cir- him with a further reinforcement of 40 cuitous route, we arrived again .upon the men, under the cominand of Lieut. Keir, environs of the town, where we found large of the same regiment. The first detachbodies of the enemy collected, who were ment, under Lieut. Hale, was repeatedly well armed, and evidently prepared for attacked by large bodies of the Sultan's reststance, At this period you had not infantry, in situations where cavalry were commuvicated to me any fi: al determi- unable to act. The proinptitude and ce. nation with respect to the Sultan of Djo- lerity of this Officer's advance, excited jocarta, and I was therefore withheld by my warmest approvation : he was sesentiments of honour, from dispersing verely wounded bimself, and lost five of those people by forée of arms, which I his dragoons in the conflict; but notwithhad afterwards reason to regret. Mr. standing his perilous and hampered situ. Crawfurd, the resident, who accompanied ation, he executed his important trust by me on the excursion, endeavoured, by joining Lieut. col. Mac Leod. On the every possible means in his power, to in- following forenoon, the whole of this duce them to return. His solicitations and party arrived, consisting of a detachment threats were equally unavailing, and we of the royal artillery, the grenadiers of were at length so insulted by stones from his Majesty's 59th regiment, and the the houses, and one of our dragoons was flank companies and rifle company of his so severely wounded by a spear in the Majesty's 78th. This reinforcement de side, that we were compelled to act upon termined me upon my plan of operations. the defensive, and in a short time they - The palace, or Krattan, of the Sultan is were dispersed. In this affair I regret to surrounded by regular works about three say, that one serjeant and four dragoons miles in circumference ; at each corner were wounded, the serjeant and one of the there is a formidable bastion, enflading privates dangerously, and in another part the curtain, and the principal entrance in of the town a serjeant's patrole of twenty- front is strongly defended by cannon. five dragoons was fiercely attacked by The whole of the fortification is sura considerable rrumber of the Sultan's rounded by a wet ditch, and the gate-ways troops, whom they cut their way through, are all provided with draw-bridges, to with the loss of one man killed and one prevent the passage across. With all wounded.I shall now return to the after- these obstacles to our success, I relied.

noon of the 18th, when every thing was upon the gallantry of my troops, and de. prepared for offensive operations, as well termined upon the assault on the morning as our scanty supply of ammunition would of the 20th inst. In all the préparation admit, I am always an advocate for necessary, I experienced much assistance promptuess and decision, and I am aware, from Lieut.-col. Mackenzie, of the Enthat any measure of a contrary nature, gineers, and Major Thorne, Deputy Quarwould not only weaken the confidence of ter-master-general, who procured every our troops, but increase the insolence of information that could possibly be obtain

I therefore directed Major ed, and with whom I arranged the plan of Butler to open å fire from our fort, which attack. - The principal part of the force was immediately returned by the Sultan, was divided into two columos; the lead. but with inconsiderable effect. Captain ing one commanded by Lieut.-col. Wat

Teesdale, of the royal navy, was wounded; son, of his Majesty's 14th foot, and the and a magazine in the battery having ac. other by Lieut.-col. Mac Leoil, of his cidentally blown up, I lost the services of Majesty's 59th regiment ; Lieut.-eol. two active Officers, Capt. Young and Dewar, of the 3d Bengal Native Iufantry,

the enemy.



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commanded a smaller party, and made a Return of Killed and Wounded.-Killed, detour towards the rear of the Krattan. 23 ; wounded, 16. Total, 99. Major Grant conducted a central attack [Here follows a General Order issued on in front. At half an hour before day, the the occasion, in which Col. Gillespie mencolumns under the command of Lieut,- tions the services and praises the gallantry col. Watson, and Lieut.-col. Mac Leod, of the following officers, &c. vir. Lieut.-cols. moved forward to the East curtain, under Waison, M‘Leod, Dewar, and M.Kenzie ; cover of the fire from our fort. They Majors Forbes, Dalton, Butler, Grant, were, however, discovered by the Eneiny, Johnson, and Campbell, Major Butler before the scaling ladders were planted. commanding the artillery, Major Butler, The alarm was instantly given along the Deputy-adjutant-general, and

Major works, which only increased the activity Thorne, Deputy-quarter-master general; and emulation of our troops. Lieut.-col. Captains Johnson, Leys, Byers, RudWatson advanced in the mosl gallant style, yard, Colebrook, Dawes, Hanson, Parand soon obtained possession of the ram- sous, and Tailor; Jones, Bethune, and part. Part of Major Dalton's battalion Teesdale, R. N.; Lieuts. Hunter, Camecrossed the ditch at the N. E. bastion, un- ron, Douglas (who captured the Sultau), der Captain Leys, and running along the Black, Hill, Hall, Harris, Baker, M'Lean, berm, admitted Lieut. col. MacLeod Robinson, Paul, and Dudley. Private with the second column, who blew open John O'Brien, horse-artillery, and Messrs. the Prince's gate, and entered. The ac- Crawfurd, resident, Robinson, Dean, and tion then became general, Major Dalton, Hardy.] with part of the light infantry battalion, [This Gazette contains three Letters ; led in a spirited style to the South gate, the first, from Capt. Christian, of the Iris where they admitted Lieut,-col. Dewar, frigate, stales the capture of the Ameriand saved the life of the Prince Regent. rican schooner Cashier, by the Iris and The gallant 14th proceeded to scour the Rein-deer sloop; the second, from Adm. ramparts, and the capture of the Sultan Bickerion, reports the capture. of the. rendered the victory complete. I have Edouard French privateer, off the Lizard; Uhe honour to report to you, that during and the third, from Capt, Upton, of the this arduous conflict, the 'Toomogung Se- Sybille, announces the capture of the mood Deningrat was killed. Lieut.-col. Brestois French privateer, with 109 men.] Dewar had the good fortune to encounter his party, and as he was known to be the Feb. 22. {This Gazette contains a Pro. most powerful Chieftain in the interest of clamation by the Hon. T. S. Raffles, Lieut.the Sultan, and his instigator in every governor of Java, dated Djojocarta,June18, hostile proceeding against the British Go- 1812, notifying that the Sultan Hamang. veroment, I consider this event as of the kubuana the Second is deposed from his greatest political importance. - About the throne, and government, because he had conclusion of the assault, I was myself violated his treaties, and proved unworthy severely wounded in the arm. Thus, the confidence of the British Government. ưith less than 1000 tirelocks actually But a few months before he had usurped engaged, we have defeated upwards of the Government, he put to death the first 17,000 men, and afforded a lasting proof minister, and afterwards caused the father of our superiority and power. I shall re- of that minister, an inoffensive old man, frain from entering into further particulars, to be assassinated. Shortly after this he48. you were present upon the spot, and caused seven of the principal chiefs of the qur cordial communications with each country to be strangled : he likewise de other have rendered them unnecessary. - graded and threatened the life of the He. I have the honour to solicit your particular reditary Prince, whose throne he usurped ; attention to the valuable services of Mr. and had intrigued with other' Chiefs, for Crawfurd, resident. It is impossible I the purpose of undermining the British can convey to you how deeply I am im- power, by which he had been protected. pressed with a sense of his talents and ex- The Pangueran Adipati, the late deposed ertions. From the period of my arrival, Prince, is declared Sultan of the kingdoms until the conquest of the Krattan, he was of Mataram. uniformly active and assiduous, and his Admiralty-office, Feb. 23. This Gazette. personal exposure in the assault of the contains a letter from the Hon. Capt. Paworks, merit equally my thanks and com- get, dated Belleisle, 9th inst. stating, that mendation. - Mr. Robinson, of the civil the Superb had just run alongside the: service, and Mr. Hardie, were also ro- American brig Star, of 350 tons, 6 guns, lunteers upon the occasion. I cannot and 35 men. speak too highly of their eagerness and zeal, Mr. Deans, assistant to the resia Foreign-ofice, Feb, 27. Dispatches re: dent, was essentially useful in conducting ceived from Gen. Viscount Cathcart, K. T. Lieut.-col. Dewar's party to the South gate.

St. Petersburgh, Jan. 8.
R. R. GILLESPIE, Col. My LORD, I have the pleasure to ac-


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quaint your Lordship, that Count Heller several corps, which are advancing in dif arrived here last night from his uncle ferent columns. I learn with satisfaction, Count Wittgenstein, with accounts of the though not officially, that a very considersurrender of the Prussian corps which able corps is entrusted to Baron Wiuzinserved in Courland under Gen. York. gerode, and that he has been promoted And this officer states, that the French to the rank of Lieutenant-general. The Marshal Macdonald has written to Count Emperor moved in the night of the 7th of Wittgenstein, to treat for capitulation, January from Wilna, to join the division apparently not aware how completely he which comprehends the guards, and the was surrounded. Count Wittgenstein had head-quarters of the whole army were at sent Prince Repnin to settle this business. Mereez on the 10th of January ; it was Accounts were received last Monday of the thought they would continue there for a capitulation of the garrison of Memel; day or two. —The Austrians under Prince and I saw in the hands of Field Marshal Schwartzenberg had retired from BielesCount Soltykoff the copy of the capitula- tock, and were near Warsaw, but not in tion. The Prussian Commandant was a force to render it probable that they would Major, and the garrison consisted of two contend with the superiority that might be Prussian battalions, but there was no re- be opposed to them. Zambrow is said to turn of their strength, or of the ordnance be fortified and garrisoned; but I do not and stores in the place.--Your Lordship conceive that any disposable furce upon will observe, that Gumbinnen and Inster- the Vistula can be adequate to the defence burg are occupied, and that detachments of the tetes-du-pont and fortresses on that are sent to Allanberg, Kreutzberg, and river, especially where active operations Braunsberg, between Dantzic and Konigs- can take place upon both banks. The berg, so that I have no doubt but that the Emperor remained 16 or 17 days at Wilna, latter place is occupied by the Russian where his Imperial Majesty issued many troops.

CATACART. regulations and decrees for the restoration St. Petersburgh, Jan. 16. of order in various provinces which have MY LORD, In a former dispatch I had suffered, and for prevention of disease the honour to enclose a journal of reports, from the infection of prisoners, and from received at head-quarters, to the 30th ult. the numher of dead bodies and quantity with the addition of the important news of of carrion still above ground. In the the capitulation of Memel, and conven- neighbourhood of Wilna 16,000 corpses tion of the Prussian part of the corps under are piled up in heaps, for the purpose of Marshal Macdonald. The particulars of being consumed by fire, when sufficient this transaction have not been published, wood can be procured; but numbers still but nothing can exceed the joy manifested remain uncollected in the roads and vil by the Prussians on finding themselves at lages, and the mortality in the hospitals liberty to embrace the Russians, and to at Wilna continues to be very great. The renew their former habits as companions Emperor himself repeatedly visited all the in arms : of this there is the most certain hospitals. evidence. The terms granted to the Prus

St. Petersburgh, Jan. 29. sians, are extremely liberal, A detached MY LORD, I have the honour to enclose corps under Gen. Mussenbach was in a journal of the movements made by the cluded, in the event that orders could several corps of his Imperial Majesty's reach him ; these orders were in time, army from the 4th to the 20th of January. and, with the addition of the corps in Your Lordship will observe, that by the question, the Prussian troops included in rapid advance of the corps on the right, the convention, it is stated to me, amount the Enemy has been driven beyond the to 15,000 men. Macdonald, however, Vistula ; the Russian troops being in posavailed bimself successfully of stratagem, session of Elbing, Marieuberg, Marienand, while treating for conference, had made werder, and Neuenberg. The corps from progress in removing the remainder of his Elbing and Marienberg, being drawn from force in the direction of Labiau. He was the Nogat, attempted to make a stand at closely pursued during the night from the the tete-du-pont at Derschag, but were 1st to the 2d inst, and lost 600 prisoners'; soon compelled to abandon it, and retired, but reports being received of a French part upon Dantzic, and the remainder corps in force at Wehlau, it became ne. upon Stargardt, still pursued by the Ruscessary to direct the attention of the prin- sians. It appears that the troops stacipal part of the pursuers to an attack tioned in Dantzic advanced to the Pregel, upon that post. The occupation of Ko. to favour Marshal Macdonald's retreat, nigsberg by the Russian army is detailed and that they made no resistance at Elin two short bulletins, which have been hing, having abandoned their artillery be. published,and which I have the honour here- fore their arrival at that place. The atwith to enclose. His Imperial Majesty has tack upon Marienwerder seems to have been occupied in forming a new distribu. been nearly a surprise; and Beauharnois tion of his army, which is divided into is said narrowly to have, escaped. being


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