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founded. Some remarks are then more and more in cash, and swells made on the South Sea scheme, on more and more in fictitious reprebank paper, and on the facility of 'sentation. When so little within or forgeries. A few hasty remarks are without is now found but paper, thrown in on Mr. Thornton's public the representativi, not of opulence, but cation, noticed in our last, and the want, the creature, not of credit, but of author promises to take up the sub power, they imagine that our flouject more at large. In the mean rishing state in England is owing to time we give the following extract as the Bank paper, and not the Bank a specimen of the author's manner. paper to the flourishing condition of

* Just as this opuscule was com. our commerce, to the solidity of our mitting to the press, the above publi . credit, and to the total exclusion of cation made its appearance. Whether 'all idea of power from any part of the author will be able to regain all, the transaction. They forget that or any part of the public confidence in England, not one shilling of paper to the Bank, and especially of that • money of any description is received confidence which foreigners had in but of choice; that the whole has it, by his reasoning, it is difficult to “had its origin in cash actually deposay. At all events his statement shews sited; and that it is convertible, at the establishnient to have fallen, by pleasure, in an instant, and without whatever means, into a maze of dif- 'the smallest loss, into cash again. ficulties, from which his great saga • Our paper is of value in commerce, city cannot point the way out. As • because in law it is of none. It is the late minister said, when pressed powerful on Change, because in on the subject of our embarrassments • Westminster Hall it is not.' by the protraction of hostilities, Go “ But let us see how neatly Mr. T. • on with the war; Go on with the varnishes over the unfortunate stain * war;' so says Mr. T. of those of attached to the discontinuance of the Bank, 'Continue your confidence; cash payments at the Bank, for their • Continue your confidence.' He notes. If every bill and engageshews in his way of reasoning, that ‘ment is a contract to pay money, the

however ample the Bank's general ? two parties to the coniract may be • fund may have been, it may never • understood as agreeing, for the sake "theless be reduced to its last guinea, of a common and almost universal • and brought under the necessity of interest, to relax as to the literal in

making a suspension of its pay terpretation of it, and as consenting iments.(See page 126.) In a note that money should mean monty's worik, at the foot of page 64, after a few re 6 and not the pieces of metals and the marks in the way of comparison be- parliament may be considered as intween the Bank of Amsterdam, with terposing, in order to execute this that of England, he wishes it to be ! common wish of the public.' But believed that the less money a Bank what does Mr. T.call money's worth? contains, the safer it is, and the more Is it land to produce the necessaries deserving of support. If,' says he, "of life? No : Is it cloth to cover us • the property of a public Bank is from the cold? No: It is one note • kept in money, a rapacious enemy for another; a new one for an old inay seize that money. If lent to one; and which, if of ten pounds the merchants, the enemy, by their amount, may be changed the next • requisitions, may draw it from the day, in the way of business, for two

merchants; and by thus incapaci- forged ones of five, or five forged • tating the merchants to pay their ones of two, (for every body cannot

debts to the Bank, may cause the run to the Bank on sách occasions) • failure of the Bank.' This is sup- then where is Mr. Thornton's money's posing the country to be every day worth?” p. 50–52. in danger of invasion; nay more, to be actually in the possession of an enemy. But let us see how the great Mr. Burke, in bis • Reflections,'ưreats the idea of attaching credit to Bank XCIV. The Life of TOUSSAINT paper, which has not its correspond LOUVERTURE, Chief of the French ent value in gold and silver to sup Rebels in St. Domingo. To which port it. •At present the state of their are added, interesting Notes respeciing treasury, (France) sinks every day several Persons who have acted dis;

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· tirguished parts in St. Domingo. By openly, were enraptured with the

M. DU BROCA. Translated from disposition Toussaint displayed to the French, 12mo. with a Portrait by them. They congratulated him on Holl.

'the part he was about to take, and

endeavoured to excuse themselves for TF the memoir be authentic, the not having sooner opened their enhypocrisy and villany almost beyond Toussaint, rising hastily from his seat, example, whose ambition raised him cried out Guards, seize these reto the pinnacle of authority, at the bels!' Soldiers, who were concealexpence of every sacred and social ed in the adjoining apartment, rushed obligation, and whose fall therefore in, and arrested the mulatto officers, leaves no room for pity.

who were thrown into prison at Morne Toussaint was born in 1743, about Blanc and Petite Riviere. Negro of. a league distant from the city of Cape ficers of the army of Toussaint were Francois, in the north of St. Domin- appointed to their several commands." go. By birth a slave, his early life p. 74, 75. was spent in tending flocks. By his As a contrast to the character of own genius and industry he learned Toussaint we give the amiable porto read and write, and was promoted trait of a negro magistrate. to be his master's coachman. In the “ Cæsar Telemaque, who is now massacres of August, 1791, he took nearly sixty years of age, is a na. no part, but remained faithful to his tive of Saint Pierre in the island owner till the insurrection grew more of Martinique. He married a French formidable, and he thought he could

ato Paris about thirty-six desert with safety. He then fled to years since, who is still living. He the camp of Biassou, and was ap resided nearly forty-nine years in pointed his secretary : soon, however, Paris, in the Rue du Sentier. His be obtained military rank, and one gentle manners, and the known beof the first consequences was the trea- nignity of his temper, induced 'his cherous destruction of his new master; section, in the third year of the reand the following events of his life public, to appoint him commissary are described as a series only of of charitable benefactions. The zeal crimes : but as the memoir itself is and patience with which he dischargvery short, we shall confine our ex ed the offices of that situation during tracts to a single fact.

that year, too famous in the revolu. “ Among the numerous anecdotes tion, will for ever render nim dear which prove the perfidious policy of to all his fellow citizens. The un. Toussaint, I shall give the follow- tortunate were never received by hiin ing; which, although connected with in that rude manner which converts a just cause, does not the less exhibit a benefit into an injury; and, when bis profound hypocrisy. At the time the public means failed, he supplied of the affair of the 30th of Ventose, them, as far as he could, from his of which I have spoken in the course own property of this work, and which threatened “ In the fourth year of the repubto be fatal to General Laveaux ; lic he departed for St. Domingo with fortunately for him, Toussaint hav. Santonax and on his arrival at ing resolved to sustain his interests, that island was appointed treasurer invited to his house the several of at Port de Paix. But the situaficers who commanded at Gros tion which was most adapted to his Morne, Plaisance, Verettes, and humane heart was that which his other places, all Mulatto chiefs, and friend Etienne Mentor obtained for informed them in pretended con- him at the Cape, in pointing him fidence of the conspiracy against out to the people as a man peculiarly General Laveaux. He added, that fitted to exercise the paternal funcbe was prepared to march against tions of a justice of peace. him, and to bring him to trial for a “In this situation he merited and design to reduce the Blacks to sla- obtained the esteem and confidence very, and deliver the colony to the of all good men. His name inspired English. The mulatto chiefs, who respect : the negroes gloried in havwere connected with the conspiracy, ing him for a countryman, and the and silently waited the event of the Europeans for a magistrate. With 30th of Ventose to declare themselves this character it is easy to judge what

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Multum in Parvo.
was his courage, his solicitude, and tertainment called burletta, and pars.
his danger, during that horrible night tomines, with tumbling, dancing, &c.
when the town of Cape Francais was &c. ; here also is a cut or canal prior
delivered to fire and sword by the in point of age, and superior in point
execrable agents o. Toussaint! of utility, to all the projects of the

Worthy and amiable citizen ! re same sort that have been used in this
ceive in this place the homage due country, as it conducts from Ware in
from every feeling heart! Your vir- Hertfordshire, to a great part of Lon-
tues offer a recompence to humanity don, a constant and copious supply
for the crimes of your nation : and of the purest waters. The church at
history, in conveying to after times Islington was erected in the place of
the bloody deeds of your countrymen an old gothic structure that stood in
in St. Domingo, will console the 1503 ; and here was an ancient reli-
mind of the reader with thy great and gious seminary, that was converted
noble actions !". p. 75, 76.

into a royal palace, used in the reign temple of Queen Elizabeth, now called Ca. nonbury House, one of the towers of

this still remains, as may be seen in 27 ( XCV. MULTUM IN Parvo. Fa: the annexed plan*. The reputed to, i

shionable Tours from London to the salubrity of the air here is said for-
pleasant Parts of Lancashire, York- merly to have attracted many city
shire, Westmoreland, Cumberland, &c. tradesmen and others, who had a

&c. and the northern Coast of Wales, propensity for country retirements; eta
as far as Holyhead. The whole em-

but the late wonderful encroachments brich bellished with

from 3 to 400 engraved of the town seem to have forced most Sketches, taken on the Spot, and highly of their description to more distant Tran coloured, of the Towns, Villages

, stations. Islington was at one time to Mountains, Rivers, Lakes, Public Addison's summer residence; Gold-wiese Edifices, and Private Buildings, as

smith also had lodgings here, as well they appear to the Traveller on the as Ephraim Chambers, the author of the o principal Roads, with a new Letter- the Encyclopedia, of which Dr. Rees vand's press Description of cach, and the is now giving a new edition to the medias Picturesquc Scenery contiguous. 8vo.

public; here likewise the famous Daub
niel Defoe died in the year 1731

T is difficult to convey a fuller idea He was the author of Robinson Cru-
of this work than is given in the soe, and other popular publications

. sting
above title page, without the assist- Near the way from hence, at what is
ance of the plates, each of which called Jack Straw's castle, was a Ro- .
contains a dozen or more sketches of man camp.
towns, yillages, or country scats; but Highbury Terrace, Highbury
as a specimen of the information to Place, and Paradise Row, are fashion-
be derived from the letter-press,


ranges of dwellings, viewed from which is very neat, but in a very this road in the way to Highgate ; small type, we give an extract froin and in the same passage are trausthe outset of the tour to Holyhead, ient prospects of the splendid village by the great north road, through Is of Hampstead, with the rich premises Jington, &c.

of Lord Mansfield and Lord South-
** Islington, the first village we ampton, covering some small hills
reach on this road, is situated upon that lie together on the left. The
the most elevated spot of land at this principal dwellings that face the tra-
short distance froin the metropolis ; veller in his partial view of Highgate

it was a town of the Saxons, and was are those of the family of Walker,
called, at the conquest, Isendon or the Crutchfield's, Mendam's, Crom-
Isledon ; it is exceedingly populous
and extensive, and includes Upper

* This sketch was made near Highburg
and Lower Holloway, three sides of Grove; the author considering that the best
Newington Green, part of Kingsland, if the church and the village ; and that he

station for comprehending it, with the view

7 &c. &c. It hath a chalybeate water, which gained repute from being used ing of the plan. The same discretion will by the late Princess Amelia ; hath a licensed theatre, known by the name

be used through all that part of his work. The of Sadler's Wells, much frequented, engravings of it; and under each title their

same direction will be continued to all other where is exhibited that species of ena distances from London are to be found.

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bie's, and Slade's. There is a stone, with other such absurdities, for which in the form of a mile stone, near the they are taxed a treat of liquor to the beginning of the ascent to the last- company present." Dained village, that is marked Witting. son's stone. It distinguishes the spot where, agreeably to ancient legend, the poor dejected Wittington was XCVI. Remarks on the Doctrines of resting, when the Bow-bells were heard prophetically speaking his fu

Justification by Faith : in a Letter to

the Reverend John Overton, A. B. ture bonour. Right of the road at

Author of a Work, entitled, The True entering Highgate are seats of the

Churchmen ascertained. By EDWARD, Cope's and Debaloo's, and near the

Pearson, B. D. Rector of Rcmps, road which leads from that village to

stone, Nottinghamshire. Hampstead are Lord Southampton's

- Highgate is so called from its lofty I To give extracts from pamphlets, situation, and a gate erected here upwards of four hundred years since, except such as are of peculiar into receive certain tolls for the Bishop terest. Having, however, in our last of London, upon the great road being given extracts from Mr. Overton's turned from its old track through Works, impartiality requires that dirty lanes by Hornsey, Colney Hatch, we should pay equal attention to and Friar's Barnet to Whetstone, his antagonists, among whom we through that bishop's private park. consider Mr. Pearson as one of the Here is a chapel of ease to Hornsey most respectable, and we shall select and Pancras.* Where this stands was the concluding pages as containformerly an hermitage ; near which ing a kind of abstract and analysis the chief Baron Cholmondeley en- of the whole. dowed a school. Besides the genteel • What I have said on this subject dwelings I noticed in my way hither, will, perhaps, be more clearly undera there are others of the Atherstone's, stood, when it is reduced to the folIshawood's, Tippet's, Ranum's, Wag- lowing definition and propositions ; staff's, Longman's, &c. &c. London which, if I mistake not, are agreeable and its suburbs, with the Kentish and both to the sense of Scripture and Surry bills, form a picture to some of the doctrine of our Church. the views from hence that is strikingly interesting; there are other extensive

« DEFINITION. prospects over Epping Forest, Black Justification is the being accountheath, and the populous borders of ed righteous before God. the river Thames from Greenwich to Gravesend : in the nearer views are

" PROPOSITIONS. the villages of Edmonton, Tottenham, “ 1. The consequence of our being Hornsey, and Muswell Hill; a bean- justified at any time during the pretiful villa of the Porker's is in the last sent life is, that'we are admitted into named ; and near Hornsey is the a state of salvation. This, by some Grey's. The ridiculous ceremony of divines, is called our first justificaswearing the artless country travel- tion. lers on their way to London, through

“ 2. The consequence of our being this place, can only be attributed to justified at the last day will be, that the sordid usage of its former inn we shall be saved, or made partakers keepers: a pair of large horns are of salvation. This, by some divines, forced upon their heads; when they is called our last or final justificaare taught to repeat a kind of mock tion. that they must never eat

"3. The sole meritorious cause of brown bread if they can get white, our being justified at any time, and "unless they like the brown best;' of our being finally saved, is Jesus

Christ. * This piece of antiquity hath been taken

64. The conditions of our being at down about twenty years; but, by a favour first justified, or of being admitted into of Mr. Pricket, of this place, the author hath a state of salvation, are repentance and heen enabled to introduce the likeness of it faith.

“ 5. The conditions of our continuing

oath :

in the anuezed plan.

in a state of salvation, and of being with a reference to the Norrisian finally saved, are faith and good Lectures, you say, “ We dare not works.

suggest our doubts, whether all mer " 6. The conditions of being restored may not be happy ultimately. ' to a state of salvation, after having Hence also it might be concluded, fallen away from it, are the same as that Dr. Hey entertains these doubts. those, on which we are at first ad. Whether he does or not, I do not mitted into it, namely, repentance and pretend to say. I contend, however, faith.

that this does not appear from his « 7. The mean or instrument, by words, but rather that the contrary which we are at first admitted into a

appears. His words are, . It is owing state of salvation, is the sacrament of to the moderation of our church, baptism.

" that we are not called upon to sub" 8. The means or instruments, by, 'scribe to the eternity of hell-tor. which we are continued in a state of 'ments : nay, we are not required salvation, are prayer, tbe hearing or • even to condemn those, who prereading of the Scriptures, and the par • sume to affirm, that all men will be ticipation of the sacrament of the ' finally saved, though that was reLord's supper; including the assist

quired in the last article of Edance of the grace, which is promised ward VI. and I think reasonably'. to the use of them.

Norr. Lect. vol. ii. p. 390. “ I have no intention of entering “ You will, I hope, pardon the lie into a minute examination of your berty, which I have taken, in writing work, nor of defending the particular these few remarks. It is with un. writers, whom you have attacked, or willingness, that I give pain to any whose attacks you have attempted to man, however different his opinions repel. I leave them to answer for may be from mine. You and 1, sir, themselves. Whatever may be your do not, toto cælo, differ; nor do we, as success in establishing your opinions I fatter myself, differ in any points

, by the publication of your book, your which are essential 10 Christian love efforts to establish them must ever and union. What I have written reflect great credit on your piety and may occasion you to view your work, diligence. In general also, I am not respectable as it still is, and ever disposed to deny you the praise of must be, with somewhat less complacandour. With respect to the last, cency than you did when it went to however, and for the sake of those the press; but, if you love truth as of your readers, who are likely to be well as I do, of which I have no rea. infuenced by the authority of the son to doubt, you will thank me for writers, whom you quote, I'think it endeavouring to bring you to a better necessary to observe, that your re acquaintance with her, though it presentation of their sentiments is should be at the expence of some not always to be implicitly received. diminution of your literary hopes." You have not, I think, so carefully p. 33–38. guarded against the iniquity

, of quotation,' as you seem to have intend. ed. I shall be content with giving an instance or two of this. In page

XCVII. A REPLY 10 such Parts of 131, you say, Professor Hey sug

the Rev. J. Overion's Apology as 'gests a doubt, whether the disorderly concern the Publications of T. Lud. • propensities of man were owing to

lam, A. M. • Adam's transgression. This, which, S this pamphlet is chiefly perI believe, is your first quotation from sonal, recriminative, and deDr. Hey's work, gives the idea, that clamatory, we cannot well give an Dr. Hey himself entertains such a analysis, or an abstract; but we shall doubt. But Dr. Hey only says, 'I select the following passages as spea * should rather think, that the inten- cimens of Mr. Ludlam's peculiar • tion of the compilers was, to leave style. men a liberty of assenting, who “ Nobody who knows what clear.

should doubt, whether the disor ness of head is will accuse Mr. O. of • derly propensities of man were ow affecting it. At p. 189, 190, he is ing to Adam's transgression.' Norr. very angry with Mr. L. for desiring Lect, vol. iji. p. 152. Again, in p. 260, to be informed what he is to under


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