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tures ; so, after a most special manner, it taketh care of his church, and disposeth all things to the good thereof.
CHAP. VI.-Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punish
ment thereof. I. OUR first parents being seduced by the subtilty and temptation
U of Satan, sinned in eating the forbidden fruit. This their sin God was pleased, according to his wise and holy counsel, to permit, having purposed to order it to his own glory.b
II. By this sin they fell from their original righteousness, and communion with God, and so became dead in sin, and wholly defiled in all the faculties and parts of soul and body.
VII. d 1 Tim. iv. 10. For therefore by any means, as the serpent beguiled we both labour and suffer reproach, Eve through his subtilty, so your because we trust in the living God, minds should be corrupted from the who is the Saviour of all men, specially simplicity that is in Christ. of those that believe. Amos ix. 8. b Rom. xi. 32. For God hath con. Behold, the eyes of the Lord God are cluded them all in unbelief, that he upon the sinful kingdom, and I will might have mercy upon all. destroy it from off the face of the II. Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman earth; saving that I will not utterly saw that the tree was good for food, and destroy the house of Jacob, saith the that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a Lord. Ver. 9. For, lo, I will com- tree to be desired to r mand, and I will sift the house of she took of the fruit thereof, and did Israel among all nations, like as corn eat; and gave also unto her husband is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not the with her, and he did eat. Ver. 7. And least grain fall upon the earth. Rom. the eyes of them both were opened, viii. 28. And we know that all things and they knew that they were naked; work together for good to them that and they sewed fig-leaves together, and love God, to them who are the called made themselves aprons. Ver. 8. And according to his purpose. Isa. xliii. 3. they heard the voice of the Lord God For I am the Lord thy God, the Holy walking in the garden in the cool of One of Israel, thy Saviour: I gave the day: and Adam and his wife hid Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and themselves from the presence of the Seba for thee. Ver. 4. Since thou Lord God amongst the trees of the wast precious in my sight, thou hast garden. Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have been honourable, and I have loved I found, that God hath made man upthee: therefore will I give men for right; but they have sought out many thee, and people for thy life. Ver. 5. inventions. Rom. iii. 23. For all have Fear not; for I am with thee: I will sinned, and come short of the glory of bring thy seed from the east, and ga- God. ther thee from the west. Ver. 14. & Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the Thus saith the Lord, your Redeem- knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt er, the Holy One of Israel, For your not eat of it: for in the day that thou sake I have sent to Babylon, and have eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. brought down all their nobles, and Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quickenthe Chaldeans, whose cry is in the ed, who were dead in trespasses and
sing. I. a Gen. iii. 13. And the Lord God Tit. i. 15. Unto the pure all things said unto the woman, What is this are pure: but unto them that are dethat thou hast done? And the woman filed and unbelieving is nothing pure; said, The serpent beguiled me, and I but even their mind and conscience is did eat. 2 Cor. xi. 3. But I fear, lest defiled. Gen. vi. 5. And God saw that
III. They being the root of all mankind, the guilt of this sin was imputed,' and the same death in sin and corrupted nature conveyed to all their posterity, descending from them by ordinary generation.
IV. From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good, b and wholly inclined to the wickedness of man was great in man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto the earth, and that every imagination many. Ver. 16. And not as it was by of the thoughts of his heart was only one that sinned, so is the gift: for the evil continually. Jer. xvii. 9. The heart judgment was by one to condemnais deceitful above all things, and des- tion, but the free gift is of many perately wicked: who can know it? offences unto justification. Ver. 17. Rom. iii. 10. As it is written, There is For if by one man's offence death none righteous, no, not one: Ver. 11. reigned byone; much more they which There is none that understandeth, receive abundance of grace, and of the there is none that seeketh after God. gift of righteousness, shall reign
in life Ver. 12. They are all gone out of the by one, Jesus Christ. Ver. 18. Thereway, they are together become unpro- fore, as by the offence of one judgment fitable; there is none that doeth good, came upon all men to condemnation; no, not one.
Ver. 13. Their throat is even so by the righteousness of one the an open sepulchre: with their tongues free gift came upon all men unto jus.' they have used deceit: the poison of tification of life. Ver. 19. For as by asps is under their lips : Ver. 14. one man's disobedience many were Whose mouth is full of cursing and made sinners; so by the obedience of bitterness : Ver. 15. Their feet are one shall many be_made righteous. swift to shed blood : Ver. 16. Destruc- And 1 Cor. xv. 21. For since by man tion and misery are in their ways: came death, by man came also the Ver. 17. And the way of peace have resurrection of the dead. Ver. 22. For they not known: Ver. 18. There is no as in Adam all die, even so in Christ fear of God before their eyes.
shall all be made alive. * Ver. 45. And III.' Gen. i. 27. So God created man so it is written, The first man Adam in his own image: in the image of was made a living soul, the last Adam God created he him; male and female was made a quickening spirit. * Ver. created he them. Ver 28. And God 49. And as we have borne the image blessed them: and God said unto them, of the earthy, we shall also bear the Be fruitful, and multiply, and re- image of the heavenly. plenish the earth, and subdue it; and 8 Ps. li. 5. Behold, I was shapen in have dominion over the fish of the sea, iniquity; and in sin did my mother and over the fowl of the air, and over conceive me. Gen. v. 3. And Adam every living thing that moveth upon lived an hundred and thirty years, and the earth. And Gen. ii. 16. And the begat a son in his own likeness, after Lord God commanded the man, say- his image,
and called his name Seth. ing, of every tree of the garden thou Job xiv. 4. Who can bring a clean thing mayest freely eat; Ver. 17. But of the out of an unclean ? not one. Job xv. 14. tree of the knowledge of good and evil, What is man, that he should be clean? thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day and he which is born of a woman, that that thou eatest thereof thou shalt he should be righteous ? surely die. And Acts xvii. 26. And IV. h Rom. v. 6. For when we were hath made of one blood all nations of yet without strength, in due time men for to dwell on all the face of the Christ died for the ungodly. Rom. viii. earth, and hath determined the times 7. Because the carnal mind is enmity before appointed, and the bounds of against God; for it is not subject to their habitation. With Rom. v. 12. the law of God, neither indeed can be. Wherefore, as by one man sin entered Rom. vii. 18. For I know that in me into the world, and death by sin; and (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good so death passed upon all men, for that thing: for to will is present with me; all have sinned. Ver. 15. But not as but how to perform that which is good the offence, so also is the free gift. For I find not. Col. i. 21. And you, that if through the offence of one many be were sometime alienated, and enemies dead; much more the grace of God, in your mind by wicked works, yat now and the gift by grace, which is by one hath he reconciledo
all evil, do proceed all actual transgressions.
V. This corruption of nature, during this life, doth remain in those that are regenerated :' and although it be through Christ pardoned and mortified, yet both itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly sin.
VI. Every sin, both original and actual, being a transgression of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto, doth, in its own nature, bring guilt upon the sinner, ° whereby he is bound over to the
Gen. vi. 5. And God saw that the to perform that which is good I find wickedness of man was great in the not. Ver. 23. But I see another law earth, and that every imagination of in my members warring against the the thoughts of his heart was only evil law of my mind, and bringing me into continually. Gen. viii. 21. And the captivity to the law of sin which is in Lord smelled a sweet savour; and the mymembers. James iii. 2. Forin many Lord said in his heart, I will not again things we offend all. If any man offend curse the ground any more for man's not in word, the same is a perfect man, sake; for the imagination of man's and able also to bridle the whole body. heart is evil from his youth: neither Prov. xx. 9. Who can say, I have made will I again smite any more everything my heart clean, I am pure from my sin? living, as I have done. Rom. iii. 10. As Eccl. vii. 20. For there is not a just it is written, There is none righteous, man upon earth, that doeth good, and no, not one: Ver. 11. There is noné sinneth not. that understandeth, there is none that m Rom. vii. 5. For when we were in seeketh after God. Ver. 12. They are the flesh, the motions of sins, which all gone out of the way, they are to- were by the law, did work in our memgether become unprofitable; there is bers to bring forth fruit unto death. none that doeth good, no, not one. Ver. 7. What shall we say then? Is
k James i. 14. But every man is the law sin ?. God forbid. Nay, I had tempted, when he is drawn away of not known sin but by the law: for I his own lust, and enticed. Ver. 15. had not known lust, except the law Then, when lust hath conceived, it had said, Thou shalt not covet. Ver. bringeth forth sin; and sin, when it 8. But sin, taking occasion by the comis finished, bringeth forth death. Eph. mandment, wrought in me all manii. 2. Wherein in time past ye walked ner of concupiscence. For without the according to the course of this world, law sin was dead. Ver. 25. I thank according to the prince of the power God, through Jesus Christ our Lord. of the air, the spirit that now worketh So then with the mind I myself serve in the children of disobedience: Ver. the law of God, but with the flesh the 3. Among whom also we all had our law of sin. Gal. v. 17. For the flesh conversation in times past in the lusts lusteth against the Spirit, and the of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of Spirit against the flesh: and these are the flesh and of the mind; and were contrary the one to the other; so that by nature the children of wrath, even ye cannot
do the things that ye would. as others. Matt. xv. 19. For out of the VI. n 1 John iii. 4. Whosoever comheart proceed evil thoughts, murders, mitteth sin transgresseth also the law: adulteries, fornications, thefts, false for sin is the transgression of the law. witness, blasphemies.
• Rom. ii. 15. Which shew the work V."1Johni. 8. If we say that we have of the law, written in their hearts, no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the their conscience also bearing witness, truth is not in us. Ver. 10. If we say that and their thoughts the mean while we have not sinned, wemakehima liar, accusing or else excusing one another. and his word is not in us. Rom. vii. 14. Rom. iii. 9. What then? are we betFor we know that the law is spiritual; ter than they? No, in no wise: for but I am carnal, sold under sin. Ver. we have before proved both Jews and 17. Now then, it is no more I that do Gentiles, that they are all under sin. it, but sin that dwelleth in me. Ver. Ver. 19. Now we know, that what 18. For I know that in me (that is, in things soever the law saith, it saith to my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: for them who are under the law; that to will is present with me; but how every mouth may be stopped, and all
wrath of God, and curse of the law, and so made subject to death, with all miseries spiritual, temporal, and eternal."
CHAP. VII.--Of God's Covenant with Man. I. MHE distance between God and the creature is so great, that al
I though reasonable creatures do owe obedience unto him as their Creator, yet they could never have any frụition of him as their blessed. ness and reward, but by some voluntary condescension on God's part, which he hath been pleased to express by way of covenant, the world may become guilty before bucket, and are counted as the small God.
dust of the balance: behold, he taketh P Eph. ii. 3. Among whom also we up the isles as a very little thing. Ver. all had our conversation in times past 16. And Lebanon is not sufficient to in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the burn, nor the beast thereof sufficient desires of the flesh and of the mind; for a burnt-offering. Ver. 17. All naand were by nature the children of tions before him are as nothing; and wrath, even as others.
they are counted to him less than no9 Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of thing, and vanity. Job ix. 32. For he the works of the law are under the is not a man, as I am, that I should ancurse : for it is written, Cursed is swer him, and we should come together every one that continueth not in all in judgment. Ver. 33. Neither is there things which are written in the book any daysman betwixt us, that might of the law to do them.
lay his hand upon us both. 1 Sam. ii. * Rom. vi. 23. For the wages of sin 25. If one man sin against another, is death; but the gift of God is eternal the judge shall judge him; but if à life through Jesus Christ our Lord. man sin against the Lord, who shall
s Eph. iv. 18. Having the under- entreat for him ? Ps. cxiii, 5. Who standing darkened, being alienated is like unto the Lord our God, who from the life of God through the ig. dwelleth on high, Ver. 6. Who humnorance that is in them, because of bleth himself to behold the things that the blindness of their heart.
are in heaven, and in the earth! Ps. Rom. viii. 20. For the creature c. 2. Serve the Lord with gladness; was made subject to vanity, not wil- come before his presence with sing? lingly, but by reason of him who hath ing. Ver. 3. Know ye that the Lord subjected the same in hope. Lam. iii. he is God: it is he that hath made us, 39. Wherefore doth a living man com- and not we ourselves: we are his peoplain, a man for the punishment of ple, and the sheep of his pasture. Job his sins ?
xxii. 2. Can a man be profitable unto u Matt. XXV. 41. Then shall he say God, as he that is wise may be profitalso unto them on the left hand, De- able unto himself ? Ver. 3. Is it any part from me, ye cursed, into ever- pleasure to the Almighty, that thon lasting fire, prepared for the devil and art righteous ? or is it gain to him, his angels. *2 Thess. i. 9. Who shall that thou makest thy ways perfect be punished with everlasting destruc- Job. xxxv. 7. If thou be righteous, tion from the presence of the Lord, what givest thou him? or what reand from the glory of his power. ceiveth he of thine hand ? Ver. 8.
I. a Isa. xl. 13. Who hath directed Thy wickedness may hurt a man as the Spirit of the Lord, or, being his thou art, and thy righteousness may counsellor, hath taught him? Ver, profit the son of man. Luke xvii. 10. 14. With whom took he counsel, and So likewise ye, when ye shall have who instructed him, and taught him done all those things which are comin the path of judgment, and taught manded you, say, We are unprofithim knowledge, and shewed to him able servants : we have done that the way of understanding? Ver. 15. which was our duty to do. Acts xvii. Behold, the nations are as a drop of a 24, God, that made the world, and all
II. The first covenant made with man was a covenant of works, wherein life was promised to Adam, and in him to his posterity, upon condition of perfect and personal obedience.d
III. Man by his fall having made himself incapable of life by that covenant, the Lord was pleased to make a second, commonly called the Covenant of Grace: whereby he freely offereth unto sinners life and salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them faith in him, that they may be saved; and promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto life his Holy Spirit, to make them willing and able to believe, 8
IV. This covenant of grace is frequently set forth in the scripture by the name of a Testament, in reference to the death of Jesus Christ the testator, and to the everlasting inheritance, with all things belonging to it, therein bequeathed. things therein, seeing that he is Lord it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in bruise his heel. Isa. xlii. 6. I the temples made with hands; Ver. 25. Lord have called thee in righteousness, Neither is worshipped with men's and will hold thine hand, and will keep hands, as though he needed any thing, thee, and give thee for a covenant of seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, the people, for a light of the Gentiles. and all things.
Mark xvi. 15. And he said unto JI. Gal. iii 12. And the law is not them, Go ye into all the world, and of faith : but, The man that doeth preach the gospel to every creature. them shall live in them.
Ver. 16. He that believeth, and is bap* Rom. x. 5. For Moses describeth tized, shall be saved; but he that be. the righteousness which is of the law, lieveth not shall be damned. John iii. That the man which doeth those things 16. For God so loved the world, that shall live by them. Rom. v. 12 to he gave his only begotten Son, that 20. [See Chap. vi. Sect. 3. letter?.] whosoever believeth in him, should
a Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the not perish, but have everlasting life. knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt Rom. x. 6. But the righteousness which not eat of it: for in the day that thou is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. not in thine heart, Who shall ascend Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of the into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ works of the law are under the curse: down from above.) Ver. 9. That if for it is written, Cursed is every one thou shalt confess with thy mouth the that continueth not in all things which Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine are written in the book of the law to heart that God hath raised him from do them.
the dead, thou shalt be saved. Gal. III. e Gal. iii. 21. Is the law then iii. 11. But that no man is justified by against the promises of God? God the law in the sight of God, it is evi. forbid: for if there had been a law dent: for, The just shall live by faith. given which could have given life, 8 Ezek. xxxvi. 26. A new heart also verily righteousness should have been will I give you, and a new spirit will by the law. Rom. viii. 3. For what I put within you; and I will take away the law could not do, in that it was the stony heart out of your flesh, and weak through the flesh, God send. I will give you an heart of flesh. Ver. ing his own Son in the likeness of 27. And I will put my Spirit within you, sinful flesh, and for sin condemned and cause you to walk in my statutes, sin in the flesh. Rom. iii. 20. There- and ye shall keepmyjudgments, and do fore by the deeds of the law there them. John vi. 44. No man can come shall no flesh be justified in his sight: to me, except the Father, which hath for by the law is the knowledge of sin. sent me, draw him: and I will raise him Ver. 21. But now the righteousness of up at the last day. Ver. 45. It is writ. God without the law is manifested. ten in tho prophets, And they shall be being witnessed by the law and the all taught of God. Everyman therefore prophets. Gen. iii. 15. And I will put that hath heard, and hath learned of enmity between thee and the woman, the Father, cometh unto me. and between thy seed and her seed: IV. - Heb. ix. 15. And for this cause