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Grisi is very

was rewarded by a kiss from the Countess a Lear. So in Lucrezia Borgia wbich

- happy little Hebe! Madame Sontag's Sontag has also undertaken. There was companions in the performance were not a kind of dainty diabolism in it-like a forgotten by the flowers. Mesdames Bou devil in lemon kids—that was altogether chelle, Pico, and Vincent Wallace ; Messrs. too amusing. The image of Lucrezia is Wallace, Rocco, Frazer, and Eben, “ lent very still, if you choose, but appallingly their powerful aid;” and out of all the sardonic. The truth is, that only very music, flowers, kissing, and brilliant fash sinewy feet can fill and properly propel ion, was distilled the very agreeable sum the seven-league boots of high lyrical of $2400, a result equally honorable and tragedy; and a singer may have a beautisatisfactory to all the high contracting ful voice, exquisitely cultivated, without parties. Let us note here, also, that being able to impersonate Lucrezia or while Madame Sontag was generously de Norma. voting her talent to a charity-partly in The latter part was assumed by Alboni recognition, doubtless, of her success in at the Broadway, and with success. Enthis country-Mr. Thackeray, moved, per thusiastic critics declared that Grisi could haps, by something of the same feeling, not have surpassed it—which, at least, is was working in his way for another char an unnecessary ecstasy. ity, and to the most satisfactory pecuniary great in Norma, and so is Jenny Lind, result. The lecture of the wit hardly and so undoubtedly was Pasta. Great as falls within the rubric of music, but the Alboni may be in it, it is safe to say that humanity of the object and of the treatment she is not greater than the others. Much causes very musical feelings in the heart. as we admire Alboni, in common with the Since the concert Madame Sontag has sung world, it is yet clear enough that she will in Don Pasquale and La Somnambula hardly occupy the same position as Maliand Lucia. In the former she is, of course, bran, Jenny Lind, or Pasta in the regard good. It is put upon the stage in modern of the future. Fascinating and quite costume. Norina is a rôle of artificial overpowering as is the delight of hearing archness, requiring only that exquisite her, we cannot but feel how much of that stage savoir faire, in which the lady so ex delight is due to her marvellous voice. cels. It was most delicately and pleasantly Indeed it is a disproportioned part which done. In La Somnambula there is, per is so due. haps, too much of a genuine pastoral sim Whoever closely examines his feelings plicity necessary, to allow even the best upon hearing Alboni, will not fail to disfine-lady counterfeit to pass. Not to cover that it is not the conviction of great speak it profanely, it yet seems to us that genius in the person, but the sense of satSontag's Amina is very much like the isfaction in the accident of her voice which part of the dairy-maid which Marie An moves him. Now genuine and permatoinette used to assume, when the court nent success is based solely upon genius, of Louis 16th, cloyed with royal splendors, and its test may be considered to be this: repaired to hold pastoral revels in the that the effect shall impress you more little village, built expressly for the sport, with a sense of the power that caused it, in the private garden of the petit Tri than with a simple delight in the effect anon at Versailles. It was done doubt itself; as, for instance, the song of a bird less with all the grace and affability of a and the singing of Jenny Lind. In the first lady. Think how charming the lovely case there is a pure and simple pleasure in young Queen of France must have been the song itself, with no mental reference to in the picturesque Norman peasant cos any talent in the bird, while in the latter, tume! She would infallibly have been however great may be the delight in the queen of hearts as well, and the good performance, the permanent pleasure is Louis would have been forced to look the sense of power in the singer, so that to his trumps. But, after all, we should you feel if the voice were gone there would have returned to the palace, and sat yet be a woman left, whose genius would around our petit souper more at home develope in some other way. We have no than with our curds and cream in the intention of putting “too fine a point upon garden. It is so with Sontag's Amina. it." These æsthetics of art are seductive She is just such a peasant girl as a genuine speculations, but they shall not seduce us princess royal would be, at a masquerade; from recording our hearty enjoyment of which is to say, that her own individuality Alboni in all her rôles. A man may inbetrays itself too distinctly through all the sist upon the ideal difference between disguises of character, to permit her to champagne and nectar, but over his gobclaim high dramatic power. She is best let of Mům frappé he will not be very in parts which most resemble herself. vehement in asserting it. Let us all reShe is, therefore, a capital Lucia. But joice that the great contralto found her a really great actor is as good a fool as dramatic skill among us ; and let us all

which any

envy our Boston brethren for whom she nical skill, makes the artist. Mr. Jaell, a is now singing

very clever and delightful pianist, must be Gottschalk, whose first concert took summoned, also, to illustrate our remarks. place at Niblo's saloon on Friday evening, Jaell is one of the most facile and accomFebruary 11th, has fully confirmed the plished performers we have ever heard. great anticipation which Hector Berlioz Certainly no fingers ever threaded musihad excited in our minds. We find trans cal mazes with such sparkling and fluent lated in Dwight's Musical Journal, the alertness as the chubby ones of that genfollowing extract from the Critique of tleman. It is a marvellous gymnastic, Berlioz, upon Gottschalk:

and so graceful withal, that only churls “Gottschalk is one of the very small num

would refuse applause. But it is all grist ber who possess all the different elements that comes to Jaell's mill. Put in the old of a cousummate pianist-all the faculties Italians, and Beethoven, Haydn, Mozart, which surround him with an irresistible Weber, Mendelssohn, Rossini, Thalberg, prestige, and give him a sovereign power. Liszt, Chopin, Wagner, Schuman, DoniHe is an accomplished musician—he krows

zetti

, and all men who have ever written just how far fancy may be indulged in expression. He knows the limits beyond

music, and out it comes, always the same

He liberties taken with the rhythm

meal, nothing better, nothing worse. produce only confusion and disorder, and

sits down with his winning complaisance,

-the most amiable of good fellows-you upon these limits he never encroaches. There is an exquisite grace in his manner of phras

fancy it is Puck himself, so gayly smiling, ing sweet melodies and throwing off light

so nimbly moving, and presto! away he touches from the higher keys. The bold sweeps, and puts a girdle quite around the ness, and brilliancy, and originality of his realm of music, in forty minutes. Yet play at once dazzles and astonishes, and the it is still the same thing. A waltz of infantile naïveté of his smiling caprices, the Strauss-an adagio of Mendelsssohn-a charming simplicity with which he renders “ Bohemian Polka” of Jaell, -a funeral simple things, seem to belong to another in march of Chopin-they are only played dividuality distinct from that which marks with the most incredible and intoxicating his thundering energy-thus the success of

ease ; it is a clear case of beautiful mechaM. Gottschalk before an audience of musical

nism, and nothing more. Jaell has only cultivation is immense."

half of the artist's whole. Facility is the His concert here was fully attended, word that describes and exhausts him, if and his position, although peculiar, is very you give it its most gracious meaning. well assured. He belongs clearly to the We do not mean to compare him with most modern school, but he is essentially Gottschalk, for it is no more possible than an artist-howbeit the poor word is sadly to compare different things. But the ilabused. We mean that he is not merely lustration serves to show that an artist, a player, who glides skilfully, and with even a piano-artist, is more than a good the utmost facility, through all the dif player. Gottschalk has a colossal style ficulties of every style, and can play that surprised us. Best of all, however, Beethoven, Strauss and Chopin, equally was the profound sense of a musical enwell, but that he has a marked individual thusiasm and devotion which pervaded ity in composition and in the interpreta all the performance, and removed it from tion of his composition. We can illustrate the inerely "astonishing," and "sublime." what we mean by Chopin. He was an and all the other proper terms of staradept upon the piano. There was no mu playing, into a realm of pure music and sic written for that instrument which he the highest art. Mr. Gottschalk is an could not play with more or less skill and American by birth, but he is still very effect. But, in playing Beethoven, or young and has lived many years in Paris. Mozart, or Haydn, Chopin might have We learn that he is not compelled to play been no better than any other accomplish in public by anything but his genuine reed performer. But in playing Chopin he verence for music, and by the irresistible was unapproachable. This is not to be force of undoubted genius. We shall explained by the common assertion that have more to say of him. a man plays his own compositions better Mr. Fry's course of Musical Lectures is than any one else—which is manifestly concluded. On account of certain engageantrue. We have never heard Mr. Vin ments which prevented the attendance of cent Wallace's popular Polka de Concert some of his assistants, upon occasion so poorly executed as by the composer, of the tenth and last lecture, he added anand probably no one played Beethoven so other, upon the qualities and characters unsatisfactorily as Beethoven. This in of instruments, and among the illustradividuality, this something which Cho tions of the evening, were included a depin has, or Liszt has, or Gottschalk has, scriptive symphony, selections from Lenis the secret which, combined with mecha nora, and an occasional march, all of his

career.

own composition. These, with parts of a delphia, has been giving a soirée or two, symphony by Mr. Bristow, were analyzed where the singers, as well as the audience, by the lecturer; who also, just before the were of the very yellowest kid. The close of the performance, addressed the performance, we are told, evinced the utaudience upon the subject of Art and So most care and skill in the teacher, and ciety, in a humorous, pointed, brilliant, ve good general talent among the select hement, sensible, and enthusiastic man singers. ner, which excited close attention, and led Europe offers nothing new. Auber to some amusing demonstrations of a dif has been appointed imperial chapel-master, ference of opinion, all of which Mr. Fry and was to compose the nuptial mass for the met in the most manly and generous way. imperial Spanish bride, Montijo. In LonWe are not surprised to learn that he has don the musical season has not fairly comsustained pecuniary loss by the enterprise, menced, but we record with pleasure, the and we fear he may regard it as cold com unquestioned success, as a pianist, of Mr. fort to be told that he has. notwithstand William Mason, son of the well-known ing, achieved a succès d'estime, which musical professor, Lowell Mason, of Bosmust be invaluable to him in his future ton. It seems to be determined that

His course has not only made its Grisi and Mario are to come in the Spring. mark upon the musical season in NewYork, but upon the musical history of the

FINE ARTS. country. Were it only for the advantage Our artists suffer a total eclipse nearly of so broad a display of the radiant ener three quarters of the year, for the lack of gy and ability which characterizes the a suitable place to exhibit their performAmerican, we hope he will not consider ances in, and, in this respect, they labor the undertaking altogether a loss. Not to much greater disadvantage than their every man can afford to fail so finely. For brethren of the steel pen, who may pubhe must see, what we all see, that the ill lish their works at any season of the success is in name and not in fact. This year. The opening of the National Acais so genuinely recognized, that we are demy of Design is the flowering of our glad to announce a complimentary concert painters, who then display themselves to offered to Mr. Fry, by a large number of all the world, or at least to all that part gentlemen, which will take place upon the of it which happens to be in New York evening of Tuesday, March 1st, at Metro between the first of April and the Fourth

olitan Hall, the use of which, for that of July. During the rest of the year the evening, is presented by Mr. Harding, the painters are working like moles, in the proprietor. Why will not every reader, dark, so far as the world is concerned ; whose eye falls here, and who cares for but, in reality, each one like a St. Simon music. go and buy a ticket, even if he can Stylites, at the top of a tall flight of stairs not attend ?

in a roof-lighted studio, where they toil Boston is more than sharing our music during nine months of the year, with occal enthusiasm. It has fairly beaten us casional visits from their chance acquaintthis winter. At a recent rehearsal in

The Academy should keep its that city there were 3,235 tickets taken galleries open all the year, not only for at the door. They have been inaugurating the sake of its members, but for the puba Music Hall, and having chamber-con lic; for, unless one happens to be in Newcerts and oratorios (for which Boston is York during the three months that its famous), and symphonies, and operas with exhibition lasts, there is no opportunity Alboni, and all kinds of debutantes, and of knowing any thing of the progress of morning rehearsals, and Germania soirées art among us.

There is no show-place of mingled Strauss and Mendelssohn. for pictures and statues except in the galIn fact we quite lose our breath in the lery of the Academy. When a fine work effort to keep up with the rush of Boston is produced, it is immediately purchased musical enthusiasm. But this we know, by some wealthy patron, or connoisseur, not only from the quality of the music, who hangs it in his parlor where it is only but from our faith in the critic upon whom seen by his intimate friends. Our artists we most rely (Dwight's Musical Jour do not, therefore, work for the public, but nal), that Boston has been enjoying much their patrons; and, instead of being of the best of every kind of music, and teachers of the people, like authors, they knows how to appreciate it.

become, like upholsterers, mere decorators Philadelphia has been listening to Mo of private apartments. It is vain to hope zart's Requiem performed by the young for the appearance of a Michael Angelo Männerchor, which was well done and or a Raphael among us under such cirwell attended, Signor Perelli, whilom cumstances. There is a gentleman living tenor at Astor Place, now musical director in the Fifth Avenue, whose drawing-room of the most aristocratic voices in Phila is enriched by some of the finest produc

ances.

tions of the modern painters of Europe, will, after exhausting the resources of the but who will permit no one out of his upholsterer, call in the aid of the artist to own household to look at his treasures create attractions for their palatial taverns. of art. Connoisseurs, amateurs and ar The proprietors of the Astor House have tists, have vainly endeavored to obtain already exhibited a most commendable permission to look at the Landseers, East spirit in this respect, and have decorated lakes and Turners, that rumor says hang their various rooms with some very fine upon his walls, giving no pleasure nor in paintings, which have cost more than struction to any eyes but these of their twenty-five thousand dollars. It suits wealthy owner, who, probably, derives the taste of English noblemen, to hang little pleasure from them himself. They upon the walls of their drawing-rooms, and are his own property, and he has a banqueting halls old pictures that have right to keep them to himself; as much been torn from convents and churches, right to veil them from the public eye which represent expiring martyrs and as to put linen jackets on his arm other subjects little calculated to inspire chairs, or blinds to his windows. We feelings of gayety or cheerfulness. Such would not invade the sanctity of a private subjects as these we should advise our dwelling, though it contained a chef hotel-keepers, if they ever emulate the d'auvre by every artist whose name is refined example of the hosts of the Astor known to fame. But art can never flour House, to avoid, and to let their pictures ish in a country where the works of ar be such as will charm while they elevate tists are hidden from the public eye. Ar the feelings of their guests, or visitors. tists will not strive to excel each other The popular sentiment may demand when their works cannot be seen, or waste Scripture paintings, but they are hardly their energies in adorning the walls of a adapted to dining-rooms and parlors, darkened parlor.

Pictures and statues where the tone of conversation and feelare excluded from our churches; and, ing is widely at variance with the looks were they not, they could only be seen of expiring saints and repentant Magdaby sectarian worshippers. It has not yet lens. been thought necessary to cover the walls Mr. Rossiter has painted a very large of any of our public buildings with paint picture representing the Prophet Jereings; with the exception of the suite of miah “rehearsing a lamentation," in which apartments called the Governor's Room he has grouped together all the personain our City Hall, there is no building in ges who might be imagined present by the city belonging to the people, and open the river of Babylon, when the children to their inspection, which has any artistic of Israel sat down and wept over their works to boast of. The Governor's room captivity. The artist has grappled with contains some fine portraits of all the Gov the immensity of his subject with great ernors of the State, the Mayors of the boldness, and thrown over the multitude City, and some of our military and naval of personages he has introduced, an atmosheroes. The Art-Union, by its free exhi phere of warmth and beauty that admibition, was doing a good work for the cause rably harmonizes with the ideal scene. of Art

, but, by some legal quibble, the The painting is on too large a scale for operations of that excellent institution have exhibition in an ordinary room, and the been stopped, and nothing now remains artist has sent it to the southwest, to be for art but the hope that the proprietors shown to those who have but few opporof our great hotels, in their strife to outdo tunities of seeing a work of any artistic each other in magnificent expenditures, pretension.

NOTE.

THE BOURBON QUESTION.-We learn from the Rev. Mr. Hanson, the writer of the article in our last number, “ Have we a Bourbon among us?” that several new and important facts have come to his knowledge, bearing upon this romantic subject, which he will embody in an article for our April number, wherein he will examine, in detail, the new work by Beauchesne on the (supposed) death of the Dauphin, which we have noticed in our Editorial Notes.

PUTNAM’S MONTHLY.

A Magazine of Literature, Science, and Art.

VOL. I.-APRIL 1853.—NO. IV.

NEW-YORK DAGUERREOTYPED.

BUSINESS-STREETS, MERCANTILE BLOCKS, STORES, AND BANKS.

Continued from page 186.

OUR
UR Custom-House in New-York, like that they look like picture frames hung

that in Philadelphia, is a plain, up without pictures. Perhaps, some of large, solidly-constructed, and costly these days, when custom-houses shall building, of white marble, which some be abolished, and this marble building people of delicate, æsthetic morals make shall be appropriated to a better purcomplaints about, because it resembles a pose, the statuary, the metopes, and the Greek temple. But the resemblance is polychromatic tints which once beautified not so exact that any body need be dis the Parthenon, will be supplied. There tressed by it. The Parthenon was only is room for improvement all round us ; the expanded idea of a log cabin, and we and, when the good time comes, we have quite as good a right to an expanded dare say our Custom-House will receive log cabin in New-York as ever they had its share of attention.

In the mean in Athens, for we have had a good many time, we would advise all discontented more of the primitive types of the Greek amateurs of architecture to be tolerant temple in our country than there ever towards our Greek temples, and rememwere in Greece. Our meridian is very ber that, if they are not very becoming to nearly the same as that of Athens, and the uses for which they were designed, the climatic requirements of both cities that they are very solid, have cost a good are similar. We think it is quite pro deal of the public money, and are likely bable that our architects would have to last a long time; and that, if they planned just such buildings as our so might have been better, they might also called Greek Custom-House, if a copy of have been worse. Our Custom-House Stuart and Revett had never crossed the was built under the presidency of General Atlantic, or Athens never existed. Our Jackson, who was certainly no Pericles, Custom-House is not so objectionable for and could hardly have been expected to being like the Parthenon, as for being build public edifices like him. Besides, unlike it. We do not imagine that Pericles had a Phidias and an Ictinus, Ictinus, the architect of that temple, as General Jackson had not, to embody would complain of his New World de and improve his magnificent projects. But scendant for imitating his work, but, for the site occupied by our Custom-House not doing it more accurately. Our Custom has been sanctified by a presence greatHouse displays the Greek triglyphs in all er than that of Pericles, or any other their stiffness; but, in place of the orna Greek; it was in the balcony of the old mental metopes it should have, it has utili Federal Hall, which stood on this spot, tarian panes of plate glass, to let in light where Washington took his inaugural upon the “attic cells," where custom oath, as first President of the United house clerks sit at their mahogany desks. States, and the pediment of the CustomThere is a pediment with heavy cornices, House, which now looks like a blank guttæ and all, at either end, supported canvas, with a splendid frame, should be on ponderous fluted pillars; but the tym filled with sculptures representing this panuins are destitute of sculptures, so great event in our national history, and

VOL. 1.-23

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