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partly to the inquiry of the Senator from Mr. TRUMBULL. The Senator from New

text of the bill in pursuance of the vote of the Oregon. It is within my knowledge that before York will allow me to inquire of him in that Senate the day before yesterday, by inserting the creation of this office it was the babit of connection what will be the effect of appropri- l in line three hundred and forty-seven, page 15, the Navy Department to employ counsel and ating $150,000 year by year for temporary after the words "Secretary of State, the pay them fees. The Senate will see at once clerks. Will that make them permanent, too? words, "Second Assistant Secretary of State, that that was hardly an economical proceed- Mr. CONKLING. No, sir; and I do not

examiner of claims." I do this under direcing; that the fees of counsel in individual suppose this appropriation makes this office

tion of the Committee on Foreign Relations. cases, if there were many of them, would be permanent. I only suggested that if it were

I will say nothing about it, for the whole matter much more than a reasonable salary, I think it so, that the simple act of appropriating petri- has been discussed fully. was that uneconomical proceeding which finally fied the office, that effect would have been Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. That makes it led to the creation of this office. I believe the produced already, because for two years at conform to our vote of the other day. office since it has been created has been found Teast, according to my recollection, just such Mr. SUMNER. Yes, sir. to be useful, and I have understood that there an appropriation has been made. I do not

The motion was agreed to. is still a great deal of business at the Depart- wish to be understood as saying that I think

Mr. SUMNER. At the same time the chairment for this officer, and which, if he is not it would have that effect, or would have had continued there, must devolve upon some paid the effect if it had been offered a year or two

man of the committee will take notice that

there must be an amendment in line three hun. counsel.

years ago.
Mr. SHERMAN. I will offer an amend. Mr. ČOLE. As a member of the Commit-

dred and fifty-one, as to the sum appropriated, ment to carry out the purpose of the Senator tee on Appropriations perhaps I ought to act

by adding the salaries of those two officers. from New Jersey, to insert at the close of the with the committee in this matter; but it is cer.

One is $3,000 and the other $3,500. paragraph proposed to be amended, in lieu of tainly my opinion that the solicitor of the Navy

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The amend

ment will be reported now. his amendment, these words: Department is a useful officer to the Govern.

Mr. SUMNER. In line three hundred and For Solicitor and Naval Judge Advocate General, ment, and that his services have resulted in $3,000; Provided, Said office shall expire with the saving large sums to the Government. If he fifty-one " $57,380" should read “$63,880." fiscal year ending June 30, 1869. is a faithful officer there can be no question

I move that amendment.
If we make appropriation for one year we but that his advice to the Secretary of the

Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. Adding $6,500. continue the office by the practice of the Gov. Navy is useful in many cases; and I believe

The amendment was agreed to. ernment, and next year it will be considered a the present incumbent--a person, by the way, Mr. CAMERON. I desire to offer an amendpermanent office. If the Senate think it can with whom I have no acquaintance, whom I ment from the Committee on Agriculture. On be dispensed with at the end of the year, let us only know by sight-is a faithful officer, and page 44, line ten hundred and sixty-seven, I say so. The continuation of the appropriation || I cannot but regard his position as one of move to strike out the word “five" and insert will continue the office. great utility and saving to the Government.

"twelve;'' so as to make the clause read: Mr. DRAKE. I object to the amendment I believe to continue the office will be an'act

For grading, forming roads and walks, and inpror. of the Senator from Ohio. I do not know why of economy and not of waste.

ing the grounds, $12,000. we should a year in advance of the period fixed The PRÉSIDENT pro tempore. The ques

My amendment raises from $5,000 to $12,000 in this amendment, and when there is to be an tion is on the amendment of the Senator from

the appropriation for improving the grounds intervening session of Congress, undertake to Ohio to the amendment.

around the new Agricultural Department builddetermine that this oflice shall cease on the The amendment to the amendment was

ing. It is a new building, as the Senate is 30th day of June, 1869. I do not understand rejected.

This appropriation is for the preparathis seeming opposition to the appropriation The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The ques- tion of the grounds, draining, paving, and mak: for this office, an office, manifestly upon the tion now is on the amendment of the Senator | ing necessary improvements. It will only be statement made here, that conduces to a sav. from New Jersey.

required once, for the improvements will be ing of the public money. Why there should be The amendment was agreed to. such an anxiety among Senators to abolish it

permanent when made.

It is necessary to Mr. FESSENDEN. I have an amendment have this sum at

esent. and get rid of it I cannot comprehend. It that I wish to propose.

I am willing to save money, and. I propose seems to me to be a very good exemplification

Mr. CONNESS. I would like to know if to strike out "five," on page 43, line ten of the penny-wise and pound foolish policy. I hope that the amendment of the Senator from the Senator will give way for a motion to ad

hundred and fifty-five. There is an appropriOhio will not be adopted, but that we shall journ? It is half past tive.

ation there of $25,000 for seeds, and I think it leave that question to the next session to be

Mr. FESSENDEN. My ainendinent will is larger than necessary; I am perfectly willdetermined. only take a minute.

ing to take $20,000.
Mr. TRUMBULL. Other committees have
Mr. FRELINGHUYSEN. I will only add

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The ques. to what the Senator from Missouri has said, amendments.

tion is on the first amendment of the Senator,

Mr. FESSENDEN. If there shall be any l in line ten hundred and sixty-seven. that I do not see any propriety in reducing the

debate about this I will give way to a motion The amendment was agreed to. compensation of this officer when the Senator from Ohio has just been introducing a bill to to adjourn.

Mr. CAMERON. Now I move to strike increase the salaries of others.

Mr. HARLAN. Will the Senator from

out five," so as to reduce the appropriation Mr.SHERMAN. I did not know I reduced it. Maine allow me to offer an amendment, to have

for seeds, in line ten hundred and fifty-five, Mr. FRELINGHUYSEN. Three thousand it referred to the Committee on Appropria.

from $25,000 to $20,000.
five hundred dollars is the salary fixed by law.

The amendment was agreed to.
Mr. SHERMAN. I did not mean to decrease

Mr. FESSENDEN. If the Senator cannot
the amount, I meant to put the amount the
wait until I get through with this I will yield.

Mr. STEWART. On page 54, after line same. I intended to take the Senator at his

(Laughter.]° On page 32 I move to amend the thirteen hundred and ten, I move to insert: word; he said the oflice was only needed for a

seven hundred and fity-eighth line by striking And that the district attorney for Nevada shall

out year longer,

" three''*and inserting " four,'' and the

receive a salary for extra services of $200 per annum; Mr. FRELINGHUYSEN. This office was seven hundred and sixtieth line by striking

and the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby author

ized to audit and pay out of any moncys in tbe created by an act of 2d March, 1865, to con

out "two' and inserting one." The effect Treasury not otherwise appropriated of salaries of tinue during the rebellion and for one year is to transfer one clerk from class three to class the present incumbent and his predecessor, R. M.

Clark, at the rate of $200 per annum for their serthereafter,

four in the office of the Paymaster General. so that the office is only continued

vices. alive by the appropriation ; and there is no

I have a letter here addressed to the chairman necessity for putting in an affirmative provision | ing that that be done. There is a very con: of the Committee on Appropriations request

I am directed to offer this amendment by the

Judiciary Committee. By an.omission in the that it shall not exist next year, because we may want it to exist next year the same as we siderable reduction of force in that office; it law the usual $200 salary is not allowed to the

district attorney for Nevada. do this year. It depends on what arrangement has been reduced two clerks in class three, two

Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. I think there is is made in reference to the Attorney General's in class two, and four in class one, and four

some mistake about this. My recollection is department. I think, therefore, we had better messengers, by the consent of the Paymaster

that this district attorney now gets all the comleave it under the existing laws.

General; but he requests that there may be
Mr. CONKLING. Allow me to say to the
one other clerk of class four. His reason is

pensation that other district attorneys get. that one clerk in the office has charge of a room,

There is a uniform compensation for all the Senator from New Jersey that I think he will find that under the practice of the Governand ought to be put upon the same level with

district attorneys of the United States except in

California. ment (if there is anything in the suggestion others having the same duty to perform. I

Mr. STEWART. No; he does not get any that making the appropriation without the

presume there is no objection to it. restriction will make the office permanent) that

The amendment was agreed to.

salary whatever. I can state the precise situa

tion of the case. result has occurred already. As I understand, Mr. FESSENDEN. The amount of the

In California, by a special

law, the district attorney is allowed double fees wo years at least since the office expired by appropriation should now be changed. In line law appropriations have been made without

and $500 salary. In Oregon the district attorseven hundred and fifty-eight“ $5,400" should

ney has double fees and the usual salary of $200, Therefore if the effect of the be changed to “$7,200," and in line seven amendment offered by the Senator from New

the same as the district attorneys get generally. hundred and sixty “$3,200" should be changed In Nevada double fees are allowed, but the Jersey would be to perpetuate the office that

to “$1,600." I move that amendment. effect has already been produced by previous

salary has been left off entirely, so that the

The amendment was agreed to. appropriations such as he proposes.

district attorney gets no salary. I have a letter Mr. SUMNER. I now move to correct the Il in my hand from the Secretary of the Treasury


the proviso.

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explaining that the law did not allow the usual judicial expenses of the Government for the year

HARBORS IN CALIFORNIA. salary. ending June 30, 1869, submitted with my note of the

Accordingly a joint resolution (S. R. No. 46) 20th instant : Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. I will ask the

in relation to certain barbors on the coast of Senator whether it is not true that this officer

California was taken from the Speaker's table, gets double fees in lieu of salary?

read a first and second time, and referred to Mr. STEWART. No, not in lieu.

the Committee on Commerce, Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. Does he not


comerce get double fees?

Classes. Mr. STEWART. Double fees? Yes, and

A bill (S. No. 266) to regulate the foreign and double fees are allowed in Oregon and Cali

coasting trade on the northern, northeastern, fornia. The double fees were allowed for a

and northwestern frontiers of the United States, different reason altogether. The district attor

and for other purposes, was taken from the ney in California has not only double fees but Fourth.


Speaker's table, read a first and second time, $500 salary.


and referred to the Committee on Commerce. le break Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. The Committee Second.

45 First...

EZRA CARTER, JR. on Appropriations examined the matter and Female

A bill(S. No. 353) to authorize the accounting came to the conclusion that there was no occa- Temporary.


officers of the Treasury to adjust the accounts sion for an interposition in this case, because

of Ezra Carter, jr., late collector of customs

viste with the double fees that are authorized this

at Portland, Maine, was taken from the Speakofficer, so far as we had any information on

The amendments provide for the same number of er's table, read a first and second time, and the subject, was quite as well compensated as clerks now employed, transferring to the fourth class referred to the Committee on Commerce.

regina the generality of this class of officers. I think three third-class clerks who are heads of divisions,

and leaving fourteen temporary clerks dependent it is true, as the Senator says, that in regard

REFUNDING OF DUTIES. to California there is in addition to the double upon such appropriation as may be made "for tem

Lissante porary clerks."

A bill (S. No. 448) to refund duties errone fees a salary

Very respectfully, &c.,

ously exacted in certain cases was taken from der Mr. STEWART. Not only that, but more

Second Assistant Postmaster General,

the Speaker's table, read a first and second nem than double the usual salary. IIon. ALEXANDER RAMSEY, Chairman Committee on

time, and referred to the Committee on Com. Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. That may be; Post Offices and Post Roads, Senate United States. but in this instance there is no evidence that The business of the Post Office Department

D. H. M'DONALD. the Legislature intended to give the double

is divided into fourteen divisions. There are fees and the salary too. It will be seen that

A bill (S. No. 361) for the relief of D. H. Mc. eleven clerks of the fourth class presiding over || Donald, late acting United States consul at this proposition allows the retaining of double

eleven of those divisions. The Department fees, and superadds to them a salary not pros

Cape Town, Cape of Good Hope, was taken wish three clerks of class three promoted to pective alone, but prospective and retroactive

from the Speaker's table, read a first and sec. class four, so as to have fourteen clerks of ond time, and referred to the Committee on

Com and going back how far?

Commerce. Mr. STEWART. About three years.

class four to preside over the fourteen divisMr. MORRILL, of Maine. It covers up all ions. This arrangement only increases the

CAMBRIDGE, MARYLAND, A PORT OF DELIVERY. the life of the State and the life of the Terri.

expense $600.
Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. There are twenty-

A bill (S. No. 533) to establish Cambridge, in
tory together, I believe.
Mr. STEWART. No; it simply applies to

five clerks in the dead-letter office discharging the State of Maryland, a port of delivery, was
certain duties who are regarded as temporary

taken from the Speaker's table, read a first the present district attorney and bis prede- || clerks, but who are now to be incorporated into

and second time, and referred to the Committhe system by these provisions. I only wish

tee on Commerce. Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. It is for the | the Senate to understand it; I make no ob- COLLECTION DISTRICT IN OREGON. Senate to say. The committee hardly thought

jection. an equitable case was made out.

The amendment was agreed to.

An act (S. No. 153) to establish a collection Mr. STEWART. I will state that this is a

Mr. CONNESS. I move that the Senate

district in the State of Oregon was taken from very poor office, and we have had a great deal adjourn.

the Speaker's table, read a first and second of trouble to get anybody to take it and hold

time, and referred to the Committee on Com.

The motion was agreed to; and the Senate it. It has been vacant half the time. There

adjourned. are some important duties for which it is neces

FRAUDS ON THE REVENUE. sary to have an officer there. Mr. TRUMBULL. This amendment was HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

A bill (S. No. 442) to amend section one of an

act to prevent and punish frauds upon the rev: examined by the Committee on the Judiciary

THURSDAY, June 25, 1868.

enue, and for other purposes, approved March and the facts ascertained.

The House met at twelve o'clock m. Prayer 1 3, 1863, was taken from the Speaker's table, The amendment was agreed to.

by Rev. James BALLOCH, of Baltimore. read a first and second time, and referred to the Mr. HARLAN. I desire to submit an The Journal of yesterday was read and

Committee on Commerce. amendment to this bill, which I ask to have approved.

THOMAS W. WARD. referred to the Committee on Appropriations.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It will be
The SPEAKER laid before the House a

A bill (S. No.542) for the relief of Thomas W. so referred. communication from the supervising architect || Corpus Christi, Texas, was taken from the

Ward, late collector of customs, district of Mr. RAMSEY. I am instructed by the

of the Treasury Department, in reply to report | Speaker's table, read a first and second time, Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads to

of architects of the post office at New York; amend the bill as follows: which was ordered to be printed, and referred

and referred to the Committee on Commerce. In lines nine hundred and eighty-nine, nine hunto the Committee on the Post Office and Post

BRIG HIGILAND MARY. dred and ninety, nine hundred and ninety-one, and nine hundred and ninety-two, strike out Roads.

A joint resolution (S. R. No. 113) authorizing clerks of class four, $19,800; forty-nine clerks of class


the Secretary of the Treasury to issue an Ameri, three, $78,400;" and insert "fourteen clerks of class four, $25,200; forty-six clerks of class three. $73,600.” Mr. SCHENCK. Before demanding the

can register to the British-built brig Highland In lines nine hundred and ninety-three, nine hun- regular order of business, I am appealed to by

Mary was taken from the Speaker's table, dred and ninety-four, and pine hundred and ninetyfive, strike out "twenty-three clerks of class, one, half a dozen gentlemen to allow some matters

read a first and second time, and referred to $26,600; fifty female clerks at $900 each. $15,000;" and to be disposed of which will not require divis.

the Committee on Commerce. fifty-five clerks of class one, $66,000; sixty- ion or discussion. I will yield for that purpose.

BARK AUG. GUARDIEN. one female clerks at $900 each, $54,900.” Strike out the following clause, contained in lines


A joint resolution (S. R. No. 36) authorizing one thousand and two, one thousand and three, and one thousand and four, namely: "For twenty-five

Mr. PAINE. I ask unanimous consent to

the Secretary of the Treasury to issue an Amerolerks in dead-letter office, under act of January 21, introduce a bill to provide for the issue of arms

ican register to the bark Aug. Guardien was 1862, $20,000." for the use of the militia, that it may be referred

taken from the Speaker's table, and read a This amendment relates to the classification to the Committee on the Militia.

first and second time. of the clerks in the Post Office Department. Mr. ELDRIDGE. Let us hear the bill read

Mr. HUMPHREY. I desire that that joint It transfers three clerks from class three to first.

resolution shall be put on its passage. It has class four; it increases the expense of clerk Mr. PAINE. As I do not desire to detain

been examined by the Committee on Com hire in the Post Office Department about six | the House, I will withdraw the bill.

merce of the Senate and found to be correct, hundred dollars. I have a communication

The SPEAKER. The Clerk will report the

ORDER OF BUSINESS. from the Second Assistant Postmaster General

joint resolution.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I ask unanon this subject, which I will read:

The joint resolution was read. It proposes imous consent to take from the Speaker's table Post OFFICE DEPARTMENT,

to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to CONTRACT OFFICE,

sundry bills and joint resolutions from the SenWASHINGTON, June 22, 1868. ate that they may be referred to the Committee | Guardien, of the port of New York, the same

issue an American register to the bark Aug. SIB: The following table shows the number of on Commerce, with the understanding that they being a French built vessel, but now owned by clerks of the fourth and lower classes now employed

shall not be brought back by motions to reconin the Post Office Department, and the number pro

American citizens. sider. vided for by the amendments to the bill making

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I will let appropriations for the legislative, executive, and There was no objection.

the joint resolution be passed provided I may




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make a motion to reconsider so that the Com- Keck, late a private in the third Missouri The SPEAKER. The bill will be read for mittee on Commerce may look into the matter. cavalry:

information. Mr. SCOFIELD. I object to tbe passage No objection was made.

The bill, which was read, provides that all of the bill. You refused to have a similar bill The amendment of the Senate was to insert of the title of the United States in and to a passed for the benefit of my constituents. after the words “pension-roll" the words certain tract of land in the city of Burlington,

The bill was referred to the Committee on "and to pay him a pension of fifteen dollars Des Moines county, in the State of lowa, Commerce.

described as being west of lot No. 978 in said REGISTERING OF VESSELS. The amendment was concurred in.

city, south of Valley street, west of Boundary A bill (S. No. 505) to amend section five of Mr. BENJAMIN moved to reconsider the street, and north of Market street, and which an act entitled "An act concerning the regis- vote by which the amendment was concurred was originally reserved from sale by the United tering and recording of ships or vessels," apin ; and also moved that the motion to recon

States and dedicated to public burial purposes, proved December 31, 1792, was taken from sider be laid on the table.

be confirmed to and vested in the Independent the Speaker's table, read a first apd second The latter motion was agreed to.

School District of said city, to be forever dedtime, and referred to the Committee on Com

icated to and used by that school district for JOHN MURPHY.

public school purposes, and for no other use or merce.

Mr. HAIGHT. I ask unanimous consent

purpose whatever. to present the petition of John Murphy, for Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. All that this bill Senate bill No. 204, to provide for the ap- leave to apply for extension of letters-patent, proposes is to authorize the use of this tract of pointment of the supervising surgeons of the for reference to the Committee on Patents. land for a high school. marine hospitals of the United States, was Mr. COBB. I object.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I do not taken from the Speaker's table, read a first and The SPEAKER. The petition can be handed see why we should provide for a high school at second time, and referred to the Committee on to the Journal clerk and referred under the

Burlington any more than at any other place. Commerce. rule.

Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I will explain the Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to


matter in a few words. reconsider the various votes by which bills Mr. HOLMAN. I trust there will be no

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Let the were referred to the Committee on Commerce;

bill be referred to the Committee on Private and also moved that the motion to reconsider | objection at all to the consideration at this be laid on the table.

tine of a bill referred to last Friday week, Land Claims.
The latter motion was agreed to.
when the subject of pensions was being con-

Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I will ask, then, sidered. It is well known that there are seven

that the committee have leave to report the bill AMERICAN CITIZENS IMPRISONED ABROAD. widows of brigadier generals who fell in battle ; at any time. Mr. VAN WYCK, by unanimous consent, six of them have been pensioned at the rate

The SPEAKER. The Chair will state that submitted the following resolution; which was of fifty dollars per month. Mrs. Sarah Hackle.

the Committee on Private Land Claims will read, considered, and adopted:

man, widow of Brigadier General Pleasant A. probably be called soon after the tax bill has Resolved, That the President of the United States Hackleman, who fell on the field of battle at

been disposed of. be requested to inform this house whether any Corinth, has not been so pensioned. I ask

Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. My reason for American citizens have been arrested, tried, con- that she may be placed on the same footing desiring that the committee be authorized to victed, or imprisoned in Great Britain for words spoken and acts done in this country: whether any

with the widows of other brigadier generals | report at any time is that until this bill shall be American citizens have been by Great Britain

denied who fell in actual battle. Mrs. Hackleman passed the erection of the high school building their rights as such, or otherwise treated as English lives in my district; she is the mother of three

will be suspended. subjects; whether American citizens have been de

The SPEAKER. The Committee on Pri. daughters, one of whom is an invalid, and this pied the privilege of mixed juries; whether Amer

vate Land Claims will be called very soon. ican citizens thus treated are now confined in English | pension is necessary for their support. I state prisons; and what he has done to secure the release facts that will be attested by every gentleman

Mr. WILSON, of lowa. Very well. of any such persons, and why they have not been from Indiana on this floor. I hope there will

The bill was read a first and second time, released.

and referred to the Committee on Private Land COIN CONTRACTS.

be no objection to this bill.
Mr. BENJAMIN. I have no objection to

Mr. LOGAN. I ask consent that Senate
the introduction and reference of this bill.

bill No. 180, relating to contracts payable in
Mr. HOLMAN, Let the bill be read.

Mr. UPSON. I move to reconsider the coin, may be taken from the Speaker's table

The bill was read at length. The first sec- various votes by which bills, &c., have been and referred to the Committee of Ways and

tion directs the Secretary of the Interior to referred this morning; and also move that the Means. Mr. COBB. I object.

place on the pension-roll the name of Sarah motion to reconsider be laid on the table.

Hackleman, widow of Brigadier General Pleas- The latter motion was agreed to.
W. SHERWOOD AND D. W. MARTINDALE. ant A. Hackleman, for a pension at the rate

Mr. JOHNSON, by unanimous consent,

of fifty dollars a month, from the 3d day of introduced a bill (H. R. No. 1311) for the October, 1862, on which day General Hackle.

Mr. RAUM. I ask unanimous consent that

the bill (H. R. No. 347) entitled "An act to relief of Walter Sherwood and David W. Mar

man fell mortally wounded at the battle of tindale; which was read a first and second Corinth. The second section discontinues the

amend an act to divide the State of Illinois into time, and referred to the Committee of Claims. pension heretofore allowed to Sarah Hackleman

two judicial districts,'' approved February 13, under the general law, and provides that the

1855, be taken from the Speaker's table, that ADDITIONAL ADJUTANTS GENERAL. sum already received by her shall be deducted we may concur in the amendments of the SenMr. JOHNSON, by unanimous consent, also

from the pension hereby granted, which shall ate; which will occupy but a moment. introduced a bill (H. R. No. 1312) to add to be subject to the provisions of the general

The SPEAKER. The amendments will be the service three adjutants general'; which was pension laws.

read for information, after which objection can read a first and second time, and referred to

The SPEAKER. If there is no objection,

be made.
the Committee on Military Affairs.
the bill will be considered as before the House.

The Clerk read as follows:
Mr. VAN AERNAM. I object.

First amendment:

Mr. HOLYAN. I trust the gentleman from Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert
Mr. JULIAN, by unanimous consent, pre- New York (Mr. VAN AERNAM] will withdraw

in lieu thereof the following:

That in addition to the terms of the district court sented the petition of John B. Wolf, in behalf the objection. The facts of this case are well

of the United States for the southern district of Illiof white settlers in Colorado and Dakota Ter- known to every member from Indiana.

nois, now required by law to be held at the city of ritories, praying for the abolition of military The SPEAKER. Does the gentleman from

Springfield, terms of said court shall hereafter bo held

at the city of Cairo, in said State, commencing on the posts and other reforms in the Indian policy | New York [Mr. Van AERNAM] insist on his first Mondays of March and October in each year. of the United States; which was referred to objection?

Second amendment: the Committee on Indian Affairs, and ordered Mr. VAN AERNAM. I do. I desire that

Amend the bill so as to read as follows:
to be printed.
the bill may be referred.

An act for holding terms of the district courts of tho
Mr. BLAINE. Letit be referred, then, with United States for the southern district of Illinois, at

the city of Cairo in said State.
Mr. STOKES, by unanimous consent, intro-

leave to the committee to report at any time. duced a joint resolution (H. R. No. 309) for Mr. HOLMAN. That will be satisfactory

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. would the relief of Ethan A. Sawyer, of Jefferson if the bill cannot be passed now.

like my colleague [Mr. Raum] to explain, if county, Tennessee ; which was read a first and

There being no objection, the bill (H. R.

he can, the necessity for this additional expense

of holding courts at Cairo. second time, and referred to the Committee on No. 1313) granting a pension to Mrs. Sarah

Mr. RAUM. I can do so very readily. This Military Affairs.

Hackleman, widow of Brigadier General Pleas-
ant A. Hackleman, was read a first and second

bill, after a reference to the committee in this LEAVE OF ABSENCE.

time, and referred to the Committee on Invalid | House, was passed here, and being sent to the Mr. MOORE asked and obtained leave of Pensions, with leave to report at any time.

Senate was referred to the Judiciary Commitabsence for four days.

tee there, on whose recommendation it appears SCHOOL SITE, BURLINGTON, IOWA.

these amendments were adopted.

The bill J. Q. A. KECK.

Mr. WILSON, 'of Iowa. I ask unanimous simply provides for two additional terms of Mr. BENJAMIN. I ask unanimous consent consent that the bill (S. No. 469) entitled "An the district court to be held at Cairo. My to have taken from the Speaker's table the act confirming the title to a tract of land in colleague well knows there is a large comSenate amendment to the bill of the House Burlington, Iowa," be taken from the Speak. merce at Cairo. Five or six thousand steamNo. 236, granting a pension to John Q. A. er's table for consideration at the present time. boats land there every year, and a large amount

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of litigation necessarily results, most of which The House, under the order heretofore made, and a drawback allowed. That question being
must go through the United States courts; and resolved itself into the Committee of the Whole settled, the gentleman now proposes to put an
bolding the United States courts at Cario will on the state of the Union, (Mr. Blaine in the end to the export trade, requiring the
be a convenience for the people of that section. chair,) and resumed the consideration of the ment of tax and not allowing any drawback.
Mr. CULLOM. The district judge in the bill (H. R. No. 1284) to change and more

All I have to say is that every one conversant southern district of Illinois states in a letter | effectually secure the collection of internal with the subject knows perfectly well that I put that this is necessary.

taxes on distilled spirits and tobacco, and to it as a proposition really before the committee Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Judge | amend the tax on banks.

when I say it is a proposition to crush out and Treat is the party most interested, and his The pending question was on. the amend. put an end to the exportation of alcoholio opinion has great weight with me.

ment of Mr. Price, to add at the end of sec. spirits entirely from this country. What wn The amendments of the Senate were con- tion fifty the following:

carry abroad, as has been explained before and curred in,

Provided, No distilled spirits shall be removed

as is now provided for by amendment to this Mr. RAUM moved to reconsider the vote by Il from the place of distillation until the tax provided || bill, is only alcohol and rum. Alcoholic spirits which the Senate amendments were concurred

for in this act shall have been paid, anything con- in those two forms does go abroad, to an in; and also moved that the motion to recon

tained in this and in any law to the contrary not-

amount of nearly five million dollars a year, sider be laid on the table.

to Hamburg, Smyrna, and some other ports of The latter motion was agreed to.

Mr. PRICE. I will modify the amendment

the Mediterranean, and the trade is increasing. by striking out the words “place of distilla. Mr. LOGAN. You mean gallons; it is

tion," and inserting "distillery warehouse ;' Mr. Kert was granted leave of absence for

more than that in dollars. so that it will read ** No distilled spirits shall four days, and Mr. Mungen for one day.

Mr. SCHENCK. It is more than that in be removed from the distillery warehouse.'' dollars. The statistics of the last two years

Mr. SCHENCK. That is an amendment in Mr. SCHENCK. I ask unanimous consent the first degree. I now

show it to be very considerably and rapidly

increasing, although it had not been very to make an explanation in regard to the con

The CHAIRMAN. The House was divid.

material up to 1867, when it first came up to dition of the tax bill.

ing and tellers were about to be ordered for about three million dollars. Now, believing There was no objection, and it was ordered

lack of a quorum. Nothing is in order until as I do, that we can, and that the bill provides accordingly. that is settled.

for enabling us to do so, carry out a system of Mr. SCHENCK. Mr. Speaker, I desire to

Mr. SCHENCK. There was no decision

export trade without at the same time endannotify the House we have now reached in comdeclared,

gering the collection of the tax justly due upon mittee page 61 and section fifty of the internal

The CHAIRMAN. There has been & vote

that which is consumed in the country, the bill tax bill, that is within three or four of one half

by voice and by raising. Nothing can arrest was so framed, and it is for the House to the number of sections and one half of the

the decision of the House. The Chair appoints determine which side they will take on this pages of the bill. It may be considered we are as tellers Messrs. Price, and Hooper of Mas

subject; which horn of the diler. ma; to give more than half through the bill, because we

sachusetts. have disposed of the question of whisky in a

The committee divided; and the tellers

up exports entirely, because they believe that

there can be no sort of protection, no security great degree, so far as the tax upon it is conreported---ayes 68, noes 38.

given by law, which I utterly disbelieve, or cerned, and that is known to give rise to more

So the amendment was agreed to.

else allow the bill to stand as it is. debate in this House than anything else. I

Mr. SCHENCK. I now move to amend [Here the hammer fell.] merely desire on public grounds, which every the section as amended by striking out all after Mr. PRICE. Mr. Chairman, the House will one will understand, this bill should be finished the word country,'' in the sixteenth line. I remeinber that last night we proposed to guard in the present week. I hope we will finish it had supposed, as a matter of course, that no this drawback principle, so that no drawback tomorrow We can hardly get through with decision had been made last evening at the should be allowed unless the parties could it to night. I desire to give notice, in order to | adjournment and that the committee would go prove that the liquor had paid the tax at the finish it Friday or Saturday. I propose to press on this morning with an opportunity for some port whence it was shipped, and also that it it with all the vigor I can; and in this con- explanation of the amendment. I take this had been delivered and received at the place rection to say one of the great obstacles in the opportunity, however, to make the amend

that it was consigned to, so as, if possible, to progress of the bill is the want of a quorum in ment which I have offered, which by including | avoid frauds in the matter. The chairman of Committee of the Whole, and especially is that two or three Words at the end of the section the Committee of Ways and Means "opposed the case in the evening. Last night we were with- as it stood will strike out the amendment | that measure, and it was defeated ; so that as outa quorum and bad to have a callof the House. which has just been agreed to.

the question stands before the committee to: It was so the night before, and the same thing Now, I desire to say to the committee, with day we can only export, without the payment may occur to-pigbt. ff so, I suppose it will be no feeling on this subject in behalf of the bill of the tax, all liquors that the manufacturers my duty to drive the call of the House through. or the system which it proposes, that by the say are for exportation, and we inust take I hope there will be no objection to that. amendment offered by the gentleman from their word for it. It is no secret to this House,

I appeal now earnestly and most respectfully | lowa, [Mr. PRICE,) and which is now renewed and it is no secret to the country, that ever to all the gentlemen round the Hall to come conversely by myself, the whole question is since this tax was levied upon distilled spirits up and help us to keep a quorum. Especially brought up, whether we shall abandon and we have been cheated from the beginning to do I make that appeal to the gentlemen on this crush out the export trade altogether or in the end. At the last session of Congress, side of the House. There has been uo factions any degree and under any regulation retain it. when the Committee of Ways and Means came opposition whatever to the bill, nothing but It has already been agreed in Committee of the in with their system of locks and bars and fair treatment so far as the Democratic side of Whole that so far as the removal of spirits from bolts, they told us confidently—and I have no the House is concerned. It is true they have the distillery warehouse for the purpose of doubt they believed it-that they had adopted sustained amendments not in accordance with consumption in the United States is concerned, a system by which the distillers could not cheat the views of the committee, but after they have it must always be taxed, then and there, so the Government out of its revenue ; but you been offered and voted on there has been no dis- that there is nothing whatever to prevent that. see that they have cheated it out of four fifths position manifested to defeat the bill. I do not Then comes the question, shall it be removed of all that was due us. And now, in my know there is any intention on the part of any for any other purpose whatever without the

judgment, and in the judgment of two thirds one of that kind; and in reference to attend. prepayment of the tax? The bill provides of the House, as the vote this morning demonance, I may especially say to our friends on this that it may go directly to an export ware- strates, the only way left is to close up all the side it is not only proper for them to come here house to be sent immediately on board of a side doors and to compel the manufacturer of considering what may be their sense of duty, vessel to go abroad. The bill provides that distilled spirits to pay the tax on it before it but it is only fair to us who are in regular | it may be used in the manufacture of certain

leaves the place of distillation.

Now, suppose for the sake of the argument , is always here. I component part, for

that the chairman of the Coinmittee of Ways think it their duty to the workers, to attend. transportation. The bill also provides that and Means makes, that it does kill the export My dedition last night was such that I ought being redistilled into alcohol to meet the traffic. I need not say to gentlemen of this to have been at home, and I ain little better growing demand abroad it may be exported. House or to the country, who have watched the this morning. I was surprised last night to Making these exceptions, and providing as we find mine was not a single case. It would seem

progress of this matter, that where we make.

one dollar by the export trade in alcobol wa an epidemic prevailed from the number of carrying out these objects, the bill requires

carrying out these objects, the bill requires lose, by being defrauded of the tax on distilled inembers who were reported to be detained prepayment of the tax upon all spirits used in spirits, more than ten dollars ; or, as a friend from the House last evening by illness. I hope the country taken from the distillery ware

near ine suggests, more than $100. So that with this favorable weather there will be a house for consumption in the United States. even if we should kill the export

trade we will better sanitary condition. That saves the export trade.

have saved nine dollars if not ninety-nine dollars Mr. PRICE. I suggest we meet at eleven Now, the position taken by the gentleman where we lose one.

That is the plainest prop; o'clock in the morning.

from Iowa [Mr. PRICE] and those who agree osition in the world, and I am only surprised Mr. BOUTWELL. I object.

with him puts an end to all export trade what- that a gentleman of the sagacity and research Mr. SCHENCK. I move that all debate

The committee decided last night not of the chairman of the Committee of Ways on the pending section be closed in ten min. to convert the export trade into a system by and Means should advocate for a moment any utes after its consideration shall be resumed. which, instead of going without prepayment

system by which the distillers should be allowed The motion was agreed to.

of tax, these articles might be sent abroad to defraud the Government out of the tax due

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attendance. My friend from Iowa, Mr. Herece} .componads, of which alcohol is the principal


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the Government. They have been doing it for the tax provided by this act shall have been paid, reputation for commercial and national sagacity years; they are doing it to-day while we are anything contained in any law to the contrary not- in legislation; and we here, when we have been

withstanding. tulking about it, and they will continue to do

able to collect an external and internal revenue it so long as there is any loop-hole left out of The amendment of Mr. Raum was not agreed from whisky of only $13,000,000, strike down which they can make their escape. I yield to; there being, upon a division-ayes three, | to-day by a single vote an export trade which now to the gentleman from Wisconsin, (Mr. noes not counted,

during the last year brought you mediately and PAINE.]

No further amendment was offered to section | immediately more than half that amount, as Mr. PAINE. With the permission of the fifty.

can be demonstrated by statistics. The quesgentleman fron Iowa I desire to say a word to Section fifty-one was then read, as follows : |tion is whether you are not throwing away the the committee, not for the purpose of arguing Sec. 51. And be it further enacted, That the ware- substance while you grasp at the shadow; upon this amendment, upon which I have houses established and designated in accordance with whether you are not killing the goose that laid

the preceding section shall bounder the direction and
already said all I desire to say, but for the
control of the collector of internal revenue at the

the golden egg, in some insane hope of finding purpose of addressing a word or two more port where such warehouse is located, who may have a mass of gold in her crop: It seems to me particularly to those who entertain the same charge of all matters relating to the exportation of there is just about that much wisdom in this opinion as the gentleman from Iowa entertains

ternal revenue, and such warehouse shall be in charge || proceeding by which you kill your export trade. and as I entertain respecting this amendment. of an internal revenue storekeeper assigned thereto Mr. ALLISON. I do not rise to oppose I believe that the amendment of the gentleman by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue; and the

particularly the amendment of the gentleman collector so designated is hereby charged with the from Iowa ought to pass, and I exceedingly desire that it shall pass.

duties connected with the entry for warehousing. | from Massachusetts. I think that if the amendI desire that it should bonding, and custody of all distilled spirits of domes- ment just adopted by the committee, in relastand; I believe it ought to stand. Iam opposed tic production transported to such port of entry from to the amendment of the gentleman from Ohio, any other district, and connected with the exporta- ll section may as well be struck out. Now, there

tion to the payment of the tax, is to stand, this tion of all distilled spirits of domestic production [Mr. SCHENCK.) But I wish the Committee from such port of entry; and such warehousing and are several subsequent sections, all of which of the Whole to understand this: we must now custody thereof shall be subject to all the provisions

are affected by the proposition made by my of law and to all the regulations hereinafter profinally decide it. It is for the interest of every

vided, and such further regulations, not inconsistent colleague, [Mr. Price,] which has been adopted single gentleman on this floor to have this ques- therewith, as may be established by the Commis- by the committee. If that amendment should tion finally decided now. If the amendment sioner of Internal Revenue.

be agreed to by the House these subsequent of the geutleman from Iowa [Mr. Price] is Mr. BUTLER. I move to strike out this sections will be of no utility; but if the propoallowed to stand, then there must needs be a section for the reason that it has now become sition should be voted down so as to allow very extensive modification of subsequent por- useless. The adoption of the amendment of export at all, then these subsequent sections cious of this bill. If the House, after having the gentleman from Iowa, [Mr. Price,] by should be retained. Now, what I propose is, made these numerous and material modifica- which the Committee of the Whole has determ. that these several sections be now stricken from tions of the bill, shall finally, when the amend- ined that all the taxes on whisky shall be col- the bill pro forma; and when we consider the ment of the gentleman froin Iowa is presented lected at the distillery warehouse, has rendered bill in the House this can be reinserted if the to the House and the yeas and nays are called, unnecessary all the provisions of this bill in | amendment of my colleague be retained. I as they will be called, if the House shall then relation to the export trade. That amendment yield to my colleague, [Mr. Wilson, of Iowa.] vote down that amendment it will involve the was adopted upon the express ground that the Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I desire to underconsideration of a large number of amendments export trade should be killed.

stand from my colleague [Mr. ALLISON] to the bill, leading, in my opinion, to a serious Mr. PRICE. I did not say that the export whether the committee is opposed to incorpo. complication of action on this bill. It is, there- trade should be killed; but that if my amend- rating in this bill any system of drawbacks, and fore, very important to us that this question ment did kill it, let it go.

if not, whether it would not be wiser for the should be decided now; it is of the utmost Mr. BUTLER. Exactly; if it did kill it, committee to propose some system of drawimportance. I would very much rather en- let it


I am willing to admit the correction. backs than to ask the House now to strike out counter an adverse decision than postpone the That is to say, that at all hazards there shall all these provisions? question.

be no régard shown to the export trade of this Mr. ALLISON. I do not know what the The CHAIRMAN. No further debate is in country, either in regard to this matter or any committee may propose. For myself I look order on this section. By the order of the other. We of the Atlantic coast have stood upon this system of drawbacks as opening a House all debate upon this section and all here and seen you strike down our shipping by wider door to fraud than anything else conamnendments thereto was to terininate in ten a vote of 85 to 45. You have now adopted an tained in this bill. I am, therefore, opposed minutes after its consideration was resumed, amendment which strikes down one of the very to any system of drawbacks. Now, we have and the ten minutes have expired. The ques- largest items of the export trade.

only the alternative of striking out these section is upon the amendment of the gentleman Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. What does tions or allowing them to remain. The Comfrom Ohio, [Mr. SCHENCK.]

the gentleman mean when he says "You strike mittee of the Whole decided against drawThe amendment was to strike out the fol- down our shipping trade?" One of his own backs, and has now decided against any exlowing words: colleagues voted against that bill.

portation at all. I am not finding fault with As hereinafter provided. But no distilled spirits

Mr. BUTLER, I mean whoever voted that decision; I only want a vote of the House shall be removed from the distillery warehouse until I against it; and I observed that most of the on these propositions. the tax provided by this act shall have been paid, anything contained in any law to the contrary not

votes on that division came from the West. Mr. GARFIELD. I suggest that we informwithstanding.

Be it so. I can only say that the head can live | ally pass over all these sections with the conMr. FARNSWORTH. I rise to a point of

as long as the legs and body under any legis- dition that they may be amended or struck out order; that this amendment is not in order,

lation that you choose to put upon it. But I l in the Honse, in conforunity to the action because it proposes to strike out what the Com- do not see why we should stay here hour after which may finally be taken on the amendment mittee of the Whole have inserted.

hour and day after day to perfect a section of the gentleman froin Iowa. The CHAIRMAN. The Chair overrules the which every man in this House having any Mr. SCHENCK. I cannot consent to the point of order on two grounds; in the first intelligence upon this subject knows can be of proposition of my colleague, which will keep place the point of order is made too late ; and no earthly use, for under the provisions already these sections open for discussion and amend. in the second place the amendnient is in order, 1 adopted there can be no more export of spirits. ment in the House. because it includes not only wbat has been

The question you have determined is not The CHAIRMAN. If the gentleman obinserted, but a portion of the original section. how many gallons of spirits can be exported ; ljects there is no use of stating the reasons,

The question was then taken upon the awend- that may not be so important, but it is import- because unanimous consent is necessary. ment of Mr. ScHenck, and it was not agreed

ant to consider how much that export trade Mr. SCHENCK. If we have these sections to; there being upon a division-ayes 24, 1 briugs back, how much it tends toward settling | open to amendment and discussion in the House noes 77.

your balance of trade with Europe and abroad, we shall have this whole scene over again. Mr. ALLISON. I would inquire of the

how it affects your commerce and the revenue The CHAIRMAN. Unless by unanimous Chair if the words " alcohol and rum” have

from your external trade. You get one hun. consent, the bill must be proceeded with, secbeen substituted for the words

+ distilled dred and fifty to one hundred and eighty mil. tion by section. spirits," in the first part of this section?

lion dollars in gold every year from your exter- Mr. JUDD. I move to insert “bonded" in The CHAIRMAN. They have not.

nal trade or export; and you propose to strike the first line preceding the word “warehouse ;' Mr. ALLISON. Then I move to amend a large portion of that down under an insane and I do that, Mr. Chairman, for the purpose

hope of getting something out of whisky. of referring a little to the remarks of the honMr. JUDD. I object, unless some reason

You propose to strike down that which is cer- orable gentleman from Massachusetts, (Mr. is given for it.

tain for that which is uncertain in the most BUTLER,] who alluded to the position this quesThe amendment of Mr. Allison was then

uncertain future, depending upon the honesty tion has assumed before the House. He seenis agreed to.

of the officers appointed by Andrew John- to say and charge it upon the West that we Mr. RAUM. I now move to amend this son; and if there is on earth anything more desire to destroy this business of exportation. sectica by striking out all after the first word uncertain than that, I should like to know what On that point he is entirely mistaken. We down 10 and including the word

it is. That is the only hope you have, for which only desire it regulated in such manner that it " but').in the amendment adopted on motion

you propose to kill your foreign trade. That shall not be the means of defrauding the Gov. of the gentleman from lowa, [Mr. Price,] so is what you are doing, and I want it fully and ernment out of its revenue. And when he that the section will then read: distinctly understood by the House.

tells us this proposition will substantially take And be it further enacted. That no distilled spirits shall be removed from the distillery warehouse until

Great Britain gives a bounty on her foreign | $180,000,000 out of the Treasury of revenue export trade iu spirits; and she has had some derived from exports, he exaggerates entirely

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the section in that way.



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