Obrazy na stronie

lowers, while as yet the real nature of his kingdom was misunderstood. The whole period of Symeon's life had been one of lively hope to his nation; and he could little dream, that instead of giving laws to the world, its extinction in the list of nations would be among the first and grandest preparations for the coming of the promised kingdom. In what position he stood as a disciple of our Lord is not known. He might have been one of the seventy, since we may reasonably suppose that his Master, who intended to place him hereafter in so conspicuous a situation in his Church, would give him this earnest and foretaste of its duties, and mark him out to the Church by this token of his approbation. Since the kinsmen of the Lord were held in so much honour after his ascension,* Symeon was probably called upon to assist at the council of Jerusalem,† and was also entrusted with the care of one of those congregations into which this Church, so numerous even under its sorest afflictions, was divided. But such consideration was attended with the reverse of worldly advantage, and with a great weight of spiritual responsibility. To be shep-questionably such a thing, such a virtue, such

of a fold, from which it is impossible to the assault of the wolf or the robber, is a situation of painfulness, which we are both unwilling, and (God be thanked) unable to conceive duly. Seated at the head-quarters of its most bitter enemies, this Church

suffered much more than its sisters among the heathen, in proportion as a schismatic is always more hateful than an apostate. For it still maintained its connexion with the Temple, and therefore appeared in the garb of a sect. By incessant persecution its members were reduced to great poverty. With what delight, then, must Symeon have hailed the several arrivals of the apostle of the Gentiles at Jerusalem with the contributions of the heathen churches! The relief, however, to the necessities of his flock would be the least among the causes of his gratification. For


what a proof was here of the progress which the Gospel had made, not only over the face of the earth, but also in the depths of the human heart! The heathen had been bred up in a contempt and aversion for the Jew; and, after he had become Christian, had every reason to slight the law of Moses. Yet the conformity to it of the Jewish Christian did not chill his charity. Little could Symeon then foresee that these Churches would, in no long time, quarrel among themselves upon a matter so indifferent as the day of celebrating the resurrection. He saw, too, in these gifts a palpable representation of the accomplishment of the prophecies, which foretold the flocking of the Gentiles with gifts to Jerusalem; and looked forward in hope to the crowded courts and spiritual treasures of the heavenly

a Christian duty, as good churchmanship, a conscientious and scriptural acting up to the obligations imposed upon us as members of Christ's Church: there are duties and obligations devolving upon us all in our relative, social, and official capacities;-good children are docile, affectionate, and obedient to parents; good parents are kind towards, earnestly solicitous for, the temporal and eternal welfare of their offspring; good husbands have their peculiar duties, and good wives their peculiar duties, which they respectively discharge, as in the fear of God, towards each other. As members of society, we are either good or bad members, according as we humbly discharge, or wickedly neglect, the duties incumbent upon us neighbours, citizens, and subjects. Our political privileges all involve in them a religious responsibility: it is a mistaken notion that we may imbibe what opinions we please, and pursue what course we please, in reference to these matters; the Scriptures, that unerring guide to man in all the intricacies of human life, lay down principles as our rule of conduct in reference to them; and, as members of a social and political community, we are strictly accountable to God for the manner we conduct ourselves therein. From the king supreme to the lowest office-bearer, each one has his part to act in his own peculiar department; and the part he is to act is that of a Christian king, a Christian officebearer, making his office subservient to the glory of God and to the advancement of true religion. As, therefore, these conditions, and all the multiplied ramifications of them, have and contain their respective obligations, duties, and accountabilities, so likewise has churchmanship: those who are of no religion, who belong to, who identify not themselves as members of Christ's Church, while, perhaps, they may (strictly speaking) escape the charge of inconsistency, because they mak


[To be concluded in the next Number.]



A Sermon,

BY THE REV. J. C. ABDY, M.A. Rector of St. John's, Southwark. ACTS, ii. 42. "And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers."

SUCH is the character given by the inspired historian of the three thousand persons who on the day of Pentecost (answering to our Whit-Sunday) were converted to the faith of Christ, affording thereby an incontestable

Euseb. E. H. iii. 11.
+ Acts, xv.
Acts, iii. 1; xxi. 20. Euseb. E. H. ii. 23; iv. 5.

proof to the fulness of the Holy Spirit's influence, and, by consequence, an equally incontestable proof to the immutable truth of the Christian religion. The character given of these three thousand individuals, describing the course they pursued, and the standard of faith and practice they adopted, is invaluable to us living at this remote age, inasmuch as it affords a decided specimen of what was a good and consistent Churchman in those early days, when there could be no mistake upon this important matter; when Jesus, the blessed Founder of our religion, had but just departed to heaven, and his inspired apostles were in their own persons regulating the infant Church, and laying down the terms of communion in it. There is un

pretensions to churchmanship, cannot escape courageously to assert and to maintain the the awful predicament of having neither lot doctrines of the cross of Christ in all their nor part in Christ's salvation. We are not genuine simplicity, and that not only when it defining strictly what Christ's Church really can be done without incurring opposition, but is. Upon this point I shall now only state also when their maintenance may be scorned that which is incumbent on the minister to by the world, and assailed by the sceptic: the state, that we of the Church of England do good Churchman knows from Scripture that belong to the Church which partakes of all these truths are the doctrines of the apostles; the essential points referred to in our text; doctrines which the apostles learned from the it is the “one catholic and apostolic Church” | mouth of the divine Redeemer, and delivered to which we belong; a Church of apostolical to the Church for their safe keeping. From doctrine and fellowship, " built upon the these doctrines he has derived peace and confoundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus solation; and from them, under the influence Christ himself being the chief corner-stone." of the Holy Spirit, he feels implanted within Its doctrine is according to the scriptural him a principle, a life-giving principle, of writings of the apostles; its discipline, as far holiness, which suggests the motives, and as she can exercise it, is in accordance with dictates the acts of his daily conduct. These the regulations of Scripture; its ministers, by doctrines, when heartily embraced, are doca providential interposition, can trace their trines for the healing of the world of its sins ordination in an unbroken line to those who and evils; they are the only remedies for received their ministerial commission from our sinful nature : the Church, therefore, in the hands of the apostles; our prayers and which these doctrines are conspicuous, in sacraments are of the same pure origin : so whose liturgy they stand prominent, through that, as to the question whether the Church whose formularies they run with a uniform of England is an apostolical Church, there consistency, is loved; and in its apostolic felneed not be any doubt. All of us here lowship the good Churchman remains immovassembled profess ourselves members of this able ; he loves his Church for the truth's Christian community ; we profess ourselves sake : if any of her sons act unworthily of churchmen, as members of the Church of her, if any abuse, any deformity for a time Christ ; for every sincere and honest member creep round her sacred battlements, the abuse, of the Church of England values his Church the deformity is lamented, and, if possible, for this reason, that it is a portion of the removed ; but the Church herself is his deChurch of Christ.

light; he loves her for the blessings she conThe churchmanship which I am now incul- veys; and his whole behaviour, in private cating is the churchmanship of our text, and and in public, agrees with the prayer in the duties therein described are the duties which frequently, in heart and soul, he joins : which I earnestly press upon you, and which “Pray for the peace of Jerusalem : they shall I now proceed to illustrate. " And they con- prosper that love thee : peace be within thy tinued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and walls, and plenteousness within thy palaces.” fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in Lukewarmness or indifference to his Church, prayers. This description of the first Chris- | when attacked by open enemies or by pretians implies that the good churchman is tending friends, is an inconsistency never stedfastly attached to the communion of his chargeable against those who, as sound Church, cultivates a warm and constant affec- Churchmen, “ continue stedfastly in the tion for her, and uses all proper means for apostles' doctrine and fellowship.” And, extending its influence, and carrying its bene- then, ficial influence to all who are ignorant of, or Secondly ; from our text it is to be obcareless about, those invaluable blessings she served, that the Christian, who desires to act contains within her sacred repository. Most, his part well in his duty and obligations to if not every one, of those whom I am ad his Church, will stedfastly attend on its serdressing, have been joined in infancy to the vices, and observe its institutions. The first communion of an apostolic Church, and have three thousand churchmen, than whom so very generally taken its vows upon themselves good a sample has never since been met with, in the sacred rite of confirmation. By these * continued stedfastly, as in the apostles' religious acts the sincere Christian feels him- doctrine and fellowship, so also in breaking self pledged to “confess the faith of Christ of bread, and in prayers." Indeed, the sercrucified, manfully to fight under his banners vices of the Church' form the main bond of against sin, the world, and the devil; and to fellowship with her. Apostolical fellowship continue Christ's faithful soldier and servant consists in a participation of apostolical serto his life's end." This profession, entered vices,—these services are the Christian's most into at baptism, and ratified at confirmation, familiar and most delightful points of union leads the true member of Christ's Church with her. Most inconsistent is it for men, like the Jews of old, to exclaim, " The temple | apostles' doctrine, the apostles' fellowship, the of the Lord, the temple of the Lord, are we, breaking of bread (by which is meant the adwhen the temple is scarcely ever frequented, ministration of the Lord's supper), and and they themselves never seen within its prayers, leads me to remark that the Chrissacred enclosure, unless a baptism, a mar- tian's conduct in relation to his Church is riage, or a funeral occasion their formal attend- marked by a peculiar consistency; he equally ance ! Calling themselves members of Christ's values each and every one of its various serChurch, but altogether neglecting its ser- vices : he does not put one service before or vices, except as necessity calls upon them to after another, but esteems them all and uses join in them, and consequently as ignorant them with the like affection; he does not seof their intent and meaning, as unmoved by parate the public teaching of the word from any spiritual affection towards them, or sa- prayer, nor attendance at Church from atcred pleasure from them, as though they were tendance at the sacrament; the same authorepeated in a language they understood not; rity which appointed one, appointed all. He boasting of their external fellowship by bap- who said "pray without ceasing," said also tism, as though baptism were the sum-total of "give attendance to reading, to exhortation, Church membership. The remark of Bishop to doctrine :” the same word which comBeveridge upon the character and behaviour of mands us not to "forsake the assembling of these first Christians is well worthy of univer- ourselves together," contains the injunction sal attention : "they did not think it sufficient“ do this in remembrance of me."* His mind to be baptised into Christ, but they still conti- is adapted, through divine grace, to all the nued in him, doing all such things as he hath ap- services and institutions of his Church; he pointed, whereby to receive grace and power loves them, he prizes them, not as mere obfrom him to walk as becometh his disciples; servances, which decency and decorum reand so must we also, if we desire to be saved quire him not to neglect, but as means, as by him. It is our great happiness to have channels through which spiritual influences are been by baptism admitted into the Church imparted, in the use of which the heart is and school of Christ, and so made his dis- amended, and the amendment shewn in the ciples and scholars : but unless we continue daily walk of his life; in one word, “ he conto do what we promised at our baptism, our tinues stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and condemnation will be the greater, in that we fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and do not only break the laws of God, but like- in prayers,” because of the pleasure such wise the promise we made to him when we consistent stedfastness occasions him ; bewere baptised.” Of this state of things (as cause he feels such stedfastness is essential thus plainly noted down in this extract) the to his growth in grace, and meetness, through consistent Churchman is fully aware, and by Christ's abundant merits, for the eternal inthe grace of God he acts accordingly; hence heritance in glory. This, then, my dear brethhis regular attendance on divine ordinances ren, is the grand end of religious ordinances; is marked by internal devotion and external Christ's Church is established on earth, that propriety ; he considers beforehand to what its members may become members of the place he is going, whose work he is under- | Church of the redeemed in heaven. It is taking, whose presence he is entering, and for no party purpose, that the good Churchprays and strives more especially to “ keep man adheres to his Church, and deplores the his heart with all diligence." He would assaults which are made upon it; he keeps tremble to indulge in the presence of God a to it, and, as far as in him lies, supports it, state of mind which, if laid open to man as it is because it is God's instrument to gather out before the Searcher of hearts, would display a of this wicked world, and collect into one scene of carelessness and inattention, perhaps spiritual fold and community, those who, of pride, malice, revenge, and many other through Christ, shall be saved for ever. With guilty passions; he dreads the idea of bringing the conviction on their minds of the imsuch a heart before God: hence he seeks, and portance and benefits of Church-membership, by divine grace he obtains, the eradication of it is no wonder that your ministers are these most heinously wicked feelings, and is earnestly solicitous that those committed to possessed with holy thoughts, with heavenly their charge should continue stedfastly in desires, spiritualised affections ; he finds it. If we magnify our office, it is on account God, and Christ, and the blessed Spirit here, of the mighty interests involved in it; intranquillising and soothing his temper, puri- terests involving the well-being of the life fying and sanctifying his heart. He is en- which now is, and of that which is to come. abled to say of the temple and worship of In the turmoil and distraction of passing the Lord, “ this is none other but the house events, lose not sight of the real intents and of God, and this is the


of heaven." The distinct enumeration in

• See an excellent scrmon on the text, by the present Archour text, of the

deacon of Winchester.



of the same.

purpose of the Christian Church; true reli- | may prove to be, if she speaks in the vernacular tongue. gion suffers greatly in our own souls, and

With them, words are not only the signs of things, but among our neighbours, for want of a correct things themselves. appreciation of the Gospel ministry. Be it our happiness to love the house and worship RECOLLECTIONS OF A COUNTRY PASTOR. of our God, to pray for and co-operate with his ministers, that the word of the Lord may

No. IX.-The Ostler at the Crown. have free course and be glorified in our- The town in which I now resided was on one of the selves and in the world. We who are minis- great roads, on which there was a constant traffic. ters, admitted into the solemn, the respon

Stage-coaches were not so well conducted then as they sible office of “ambassadors for Christ,” of salutary influence of Macadam.

have been of later years. The roads had not felt the

There was "labourers together with God" (oh the awful posting ; and the Crown was, at one time, an inn where import of this peculiarly impressive designa- much was done in this way. The landlord, however, tion!), of "watchmen,” of “overseers over the

was a man of the most profligate habits. His wife was flock of Christ,"

separated from him. The other house, more rewe are earnestly solicitous

spectably conducted, soon gained the lead, and was for you, and importunately desirous humbly patronised by the more respectable inhabitants of the to execute our office, proving the honoured neighbourhood. Politics ran very high at the time. instruments of bringing you within the Church

There was a strong ministerial party; but the landof Christ, and then of rendering you, by di

lord of the Crown was a thorough and avowed demo

Ile had wished to change the sign, but was vine grace, stedfast and consistent members afraid it would injure his trade. Clubs used to be

held at his house, at which he usually presided; and which had for their object nothing short of a combina

tion for overthrowing the constitution in Church and PHRASEOLOGISTS.

State. The evening of Sunday was the usual time for

these meetings, which were attended by the loosest chaTheir religion consists more in a sort of spiritual racters, though one or two who were men of property gossiping, than holiness of life. They diligently look

were among them. It was always a busy night thereout after the faults of others, but are rather lenient

fore, both in the house and in the yard; and it was no

torious, that neither waiter, chambermaid, nor ostler of to their own. They accuse of being legal those who

the Crown were ever seen at church or meeting. There act more in the service of Christianity, and dispute was a large meeting-house in the town, of which more less about certain opinions. They overlook essentials, in another paper. I will only remark, that the minisand debate rather fiercely on, at best, doubtful points

ter was a truly conscientious and pious man ; and had of doctrine ; and form their judgment of the piety of

he been alive, I am sure would have firmly set liis others, rather from their warmth in controversy, than

face against the conduct of many of his brethren at the

present day. from their walking humbly with God.

It was late on a Sunday evening that a respectable They always exbibit in their conversation the idiomparishioner called upon me to say, that the ostler at of a party, and are apt to suspect the sincerity of those the Crown, who rented one of his cottages, had rewhose higher breeding, and more correct babits, dis

ceived a kick on the head from a horse, which threat

ened to prove fatal. He had consequently been cover a better taste. Delicacy with them is want of

brought home on a shutter, and was now in bed. The zeal; prudent reserve, want of earnestness; senti

person giving me this information requested me to ments of piety, conveyed in other terms than are found

visit the poor man ;

for," said he, " I do not think in their vocabulary, are suspected of error. They Tom is any better than a heathen.

I feel quite make no allowance for the difference of education,

ashamed to think I have never given him some good babits, and society: all must have one standard of

advice, though he is one of my own tenants." language, and that standard is their own.

I immediately accompanied my informant to the

cottage, where I found Tom in a very deplorable conEven if, on some points, you hold nearly the same dition. No medical attendant had as yet visited him. sentiments, it will not save your credit; if you do not The more respectable surgeons were all out; and the express them in the same language, you are in danger only one near was a man of loose character and prinof having your principles suspected. By your profi

ciples-in fact, a confirmed infidel,--who found, to his

astonishment, that his patients were gradually leaving ciency or declension in this dialect, and not by the

him, and who, this evening, was too busily engaged greater or less devotedness of your heart, the increas- at the club, planning measures for healing the constiing or diminishing consistency in your practice, they tution, to attend to the case of the ostler. He had take the gauge of your religion, and determine the rise been twice sent for to the Crown, but had not made and fall of your spiritual thermometer. The language

his appearance,--which was, so far, well; for the state

in which he was, from the influence of brandy and the of these technical Christians indisposes persons of re

excitement of politics, would have rendered his aid finement, who have not had the advantage of seeing very doubtful. Meanwhile, however, another medical religion under a more engaging forn, to serious piery, man arrived, and dressed the poor creature's wounds. by leading them to make a most unjust association be

They were not of a character, it was supposed, to

create much alarm. But it was thought that for some tween religion and bad taste.

weeks it might be impossible for Tom to attend to his Wlien they encounter a new acquaintance of their

business. He had, in fact, received two or three seown scliool, these reciprocal signs of religious intelli- vere blows on the head, besides having one of his legs gence produce an instantaneouz sisterhood; and they dreadfully bruised. I took an early opportunity of will run the chance of what the character of the stranger seeing Tom in the week, and found him then perfectly

sensible, which was not the case on the first evening I * From Hannah More.

saw him ; for he was stupified and stunned with the

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blows he had received. And truly, the statement | mily worship in the room that has been assigned them, made to me, “ that Tom was no better than a and that they have usually found the offer gratefully heathen," was but too correct. Of religion he knew accepted; and that the waiters and other servants nothing. He had been wont to hear it ridiculed by have appeared pleased at the proposal. Certainly it his master and his associates; and he used sometimes, is worth while to make the offer.

It may be blessed by the way of procuring an additional sixpence, to of God to the good of some one present. The minisJaunch out against all that was sacred. I could ter has, at least, shewn himself not ashamed of his scarcely have believed it possible that such utter ig- holy calling. norance could have been found in a man living in a Truly glad shall I be if these remarks should nation professedly Christian, and, not like Gubbens, induce any brother in the ministry, or any private associating with gipsies only.

Christian, to direct his thoughts more fully to the Tom's short history was as follows:-He had been class of persons now alluded to, should there be such thrown upon the parish when a lad, by the death of his in his parish or neighbourhood. And, not less so, mother. He had never known the blessings of pater- should they meet the eye of any landlord of an inn, nal care; and the overseer of the day, being the then and induce him to give every possible facility to his landlord of the Crown, sent him into the yard, in servants attending divine worship, and keeping holy which he had passed through one grade of promotion the Sabbath-day. Those who travel much, whether for to another, until he became head ostler. He could business or amusement, may do incalculable good not read: there was, in fact, no school in the parish this way; and may have the satisfaction of knowing for poor children when he was a boy; and all his ac- that their labour has not been in vain. Hlad Tom at counts of corn, &c. were kept by chalk marks, of which the Crown received some important advice from those he alone knew the meaning, but which were most cor- who frequented the inn, instead of being led on to rect. No one recollected ever seeing Tom at church. reckless indifference, his character might have been The Wesleyan Methodists had been endeavouring, that of a real and consistent Christian. and with success, by various means, to bring many I would only, in conclusion, remark, that the indiprofligate persons to a sense of sin; but Tom had vidual, a man of property,—whose horse, notoriously never come within their notice. Churchmen and a most vicious one, kicked Tom, aud thus made him Dissenters were alike guilty in this respect, that they the inmate of a workhouse, and nearly an idiot for never endeavoured to benefit this poor creature. In

life,--though frequently applied to in the poor creareply to my first question, as to his health, he replied, ture's behalf, never, to my certain knowledge, gave " I'm very bad — and to this he added an oath. him a farthing; and yet he was regarded as a stanch

I immediately stated my horror at hearing him “ friend of the people.” Nor do I believe the landtake God's name in vain, and asked him if he did not lord of the Crown ever offered him a meal. So much think it was a sin, for which he should be called to for principles which are not founded on a Christian answer ?

basis ; so inuch for that spurious philanthropy which He said, he did not think about it; he hoped there pretends to have in view the interests of the lower was no offence: he heard master say it was all stuff about orders; but which will, almost universally, be found sin. And then he repeated many other sayings that he to be little more than empty declamation; and which, had heard, with which I need not shock the reader. while it harangues on the people's rights, and the Suffice it to say, that I found him in a state of utter people's privileges, and the people's hardships, would ignorance and hardness of heart. Death and judgment, willingly leave the people destitute of the means of heaven and hell, had never entered his mind. He sustaining life. Tom, at the Crown, is not the first was an utter stranger to prayer-in fact to religious nor the last who has experienced the folly of being duties of every kind.

led astray by the enemies of God and of godliness. The wounds he received did not prove fatal immediately; but he was ever afterwards incapable of work. His brain was obviously injured, for lie sank into a

PARTING ADVICE. state not far from idiocy. He was removed, with his wife and child, to the workhouse, where he lived some

One country has its dangers as well as another; but I years. I had frequent opportunities of seeing him and trust that the same restraining grace of God that has conversing with him; and I did all in my power to in- kept me here will watch over you wherever you are : struct him, but I had never any satisfactory evidence

and oh, neglect not to seek it earnestly in humble that he was in any way impressed by what I said.

Now this, it may be remarked, perhaps, is an inci- prayer; for if we ask not amiss, and if we avail ourdent in clerical life scarce worth recording, and yet it selves of our all-powerful Intercessor, the Lord Jesus is one which I confess made a deep impression upon Christ, in and through him we shall assuredly be my mind. The yard of a large inn is a soil, indeed, blessed. Be particularly watchful of the society you most unfavourable for the growth of religion,-a most

are in; for evil communications are always corruptcontaminating place, which has led to the ruin of many a honest servant; and those who are engaged in ing. If we attempt to stand on the enemy's ground, it are, in too many instances, almost entirely deprived

he soon foils us; but if we cleave to the Lord, and of attendance on the means of grace. The tap, and unfeignedly seek his face, he will be found of us, and not the house of God, is usually the sabbath resort. he will teach us himself. I will point out some of his The church was at no great distance from the Crown ;

monitors, from each of whom you may have a lecbut its door was never entered by the landlord and his servants. Constant Sunday travelling; the chang

ture every day. You have a close intimate, called ing of horses; waiting upon guests; the necessity of conscience, which, when an enlightened one, being in attendance at alî hours,-render it very diffi- I trust yours is, is always a faithful friend. Its cult for a servant in an inn to frequent the services of language is, “ Keep me tender, quick of feeling, religion. Hence many of them for years never enter void of offence towards God and man. Consult me a place of worship: Exceptions there are, of course, to this rule; but I am speaking of what is too gener

upon all occasions, and act according to my dictates : ally the case. I have known several clerical friends,

but shouldst thou grieve me, beware of a deceitful one--a man of deep practical piety and unbounded beneficence—who make it a point, when travelling, to * For a striking instance of the value of religious instruction propose to the landlord of the inn at which they may

imparted at an inn by the Rev. Henry Venn, see vol. I, p. 131. be remaining for the night, that there should be fa

+ Extracted from a Letter to a Young Friend, by the late John Thornton, Esq.


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