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senger, one assistant messenger, and three laborers, 1 total $52,700. I move that amendment to the years of age. Mr. Fletcher, in chargo of captured $101.800. ameudinent.

and abandoned property accounts, abont forty years Mr. SHERMAN. With the leave of the The amendment to the amendment was

of age. He is also an indetariguble laborer.

In recommending, or rather asking, that the numSenator from Maine, I wish to move, on behalf agreed to.

ber of my fourth-class clerks be incre.ised, I beg lervo of the Committee on Finance, to amend the The amendment, as amended, was agreed to.

to say that I do not think the number of the third

class should be diminished, nor that of tho second bill by inserting in line four hundred: - For The next amendment was in line four hun- class. I greatly need two additional clerks, say of one chief clerk, $2,000.'' This is to provide dred and nineteen, to strike out "seven' and the first class. If these should be allowed that class for the chief clerk of the Construction Bureau insert "twelve ;' in the same line to strike out

might then bediminished by one.

I have been obliged to write this very hastily, and of the Treasury Department. It is to supply * fourteen" and insert “twenty ;' in line four I beg you to erruse its crudeness. an omission.

hundred and twenty to strike out “fifteen' and Very respectfully, your obedient servant, The amendment was agreed to.

N. SARGENT, Coinmissioner, insert “twenty-eight;'' in line four hundred

Hon, JOHN SHERMAX, Chairman Finance Committee. The next amendment of the Committee on and twenty-one to strike out " six'' and insert Appropriations was in lines four hundred and “twenty one;after “one," in line four hun

The amendment to the amendment was eight and four hundred and nine, to strike out dred and twenty-two, to insert "twelve copy. agreed to. the words “declared to continue" and insert ists;' and in lines four hundred and twenty

The amendment, as amended, was agreed to. "continued."

three and four hundred and twenty-four, to The next amendment was in line four hunThe amendment was agreed to.

strike out “$71,480'' and insert " $137,000;'' dred and twenty-seven, to strike out " four The next amendment was to insert after

so as to make the clause from line four hun: and to insert "six;'' in the same line to strike “chief clerk,” in line four hundred and twelve,

dred and eighteen to line four hundred and out“seven'' aud' insert “nine;' and in line the words "six clerks of class four;'' after the twenty-five read :

four hundred and twenty-nine to strike out word “laborers," in line four hundred and

For Second Comptroller of the Treasury, chief " thirty-one thousand and three'' and to insert fitteen, to insert "and for temporary clerks,

clerk, twelve clerks of class four, twenty clerks of “i forty thousand nine;'' so that the clause will

class three, twenty-eight clerks of class two, (one of $4,500;' and in lines four hundred and fifteen them transferred from the Third Auditor's otlice)

read: and lour hundred and sixteen, to strike out “in

twenty-one clerks of class one, twelve copyists, one For Cominissioner of Customs, chief clerk, three all, $32,940,” and insert "in all, $18,200;'' so

messenger, one assistant messenger, and two labor- clerks of class four, six clerks of class three, nigo ers, in all $137,000.

clerks of class two, seven clerks of class one, one as to make the clause read:

The amendment was agreed to.

messenger, and one laborer, in all, $10,920. For First Comptroller of the Treasury, chief clerk, gix clerks of class four, eight clerks of class three,

The next amendment was in line four hun.

Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont. I suggest to seven cierks of class two, (three of them transferred dred and twenty-six, after “cbief clerk” to

the chairman of the Committee on Appropriafrom Third's Auditor's office.) iwo clerks of class one, insert " three clerks of class four" in the

tions that now having inserted one additional one messenger, and iwo laborers, itud for temporary clerks, $1,50, in all, $18,200. clause relating to the office of the Commis.

clerk, it is necessary to increase the amount sioner of Customs.

of the appropriation. Mr. SHERMAN. I move to amend the Mr. SHERMAN. I am instructed by the

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The approamendment by inserting $9,000 instead of Committee on Finance to move an amendment

priation will be changed to $42,720, if there $1,500, in line four hundred and sixteen. to that amendment, to strike out two" and

be no objection. Mr. MURRILL, of Maine. I hope my friend insert " three," so as to provide for three clerks

The amendment, as amended, was agreed to. will allow me to go on.

of class four in the office of the Commissioner The next amendment was in line four hun. Mr. SHERMAN. This is the proper time

of Customs. The Commissioner asks for tive, dred and thirty-one, in the clause making proto amend the amendment. It is the only time

and we have cut it down to three. I have a vision for the clerical force of the First Anditor I can do it. I propose to make the appropria

letter from the Commissioner on the subject. of the Treasury, to strike out "two” and insert tion for temporary clerks in the First Comp

Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. The Senator “ four,'' so as to allow four clerks of class four. troller's office $9,000 instead of $4,500. I desire to state that there are some amend. now proposes to provide for a new clerk.

Mr. SHERMAN. In regard to the office of

Mr. SHERMAN. If the Senator desires the First Auditor of the Treasury, I am assured ments necessary in regard to these bureaus.

suller information on the subject, I will send by him, and by the Secretary of the Treasury, I have carefully examined the inatter, and I am

up the letter of the Commissioner of Customs that he cannot get along with the number of

by to be read. He makes a very strong showing clerkis appropriated for. The Committee on the bill is entirely too low. The House of

in favor of a larger number of clerks than we Appropriations have proposed to amend this Representatives, in making the appropriations for the bureaus in the Treasury Department, propose to allow him.

clause somewhat, but not so that I can offer

The Chief Clerk read the following letter: myamendments. I suggest, therefore, that all did not allow the amounts estimated for, nor


the amendments in the clause relative to the the amounts fixed by law, but took the old

First Auditor's office, be passed over informally basis before the war.

Office or COMMISSIONER OF Cusrous,
Our Comiittee on

June 16, 1868. for the present, and I will at a later stage of Appropriations has very properly, in nearly Sir: I begleave to call your attention to the classi- the bill offer a substitute for that whole clause. every case, increased the cierical force as fixed fication of the clerks in this bureau, first premising by the House of Representatives. Since the

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. If there that it is of the three revisius bureaus of the bill has been reported I have received commu- amendments by the Committee on Appropriations nications in great number showing that in cer- of the Senate, ibis bureau is allowed two clerks of the fourth class only.

four hundred and thirty-eight, will be passed taiu bureaus, where there can be no possibility As my chief clerk has been absent on account of

The reading of ihe bill will proceed. of mistake about it, the force allowed is not sickness a good deal during the last eighteen months, The next amendment was in the clause prosufficient to carry on the service.

and is now contined to his bed with infiammatory viding for the Second Auditor's otfice, to strike The Committee on Finance, therefore, pro.

rheumatism, one of my fourth-class clerks ucts as
chief clerk.

out lines four hundred and forty-six to four pose certain amendments to raise the amount I ask tı, be allowed three more fourth-class clerks, hundred and fifty-two, as follows: so as to give them a force barely sufficient to to be taken from my tbird class, for the following carry on the business. In many cases we proreasons: one of my ibird-class clerks is in charge of

And the clause of the act of March 14, 1864, authorthe captured and abandoned property division, an

izing fifteen clerks of class threa, fifty clerks of class pose to allow less than they ask for. In regard

important and perplexing business. The elerk hav- two, and one hundred and forty clorks of class one. to the oflice of the First Comptroller of the ing charge of this in the First Auditor's office, whose

in the office of the Second Auditor of the Treasury, duings are revised here, is a fourth-class clerk. is hereby continued in force until the 30ch day of Treasury 10 one doubts that the statement of

Within the past year the whole warehouse business June, 1809, and no longer, Mr. Taylor can be relied on. He says, iu au has been sent from the Secretary's otice to this. It The amendment was agreed to. official communication, that with the assist- became necessary to devise aud carry into effect a ance given in here he cannot carry on his

new system of keeping the warehouse accounts, The next amendment was after line four

which had got into inextricable contusion. Judge office. I think what I propose to allow will

hundred and seventy, to insert "also one Thurman, a man of good legal mind and accustomed barely allow him to discharge the duties. The to customs affairs--third-class clerk in this ofiice

clerk of class four, four clerks of class two, business of the Treasury Department now can

Was assigned the task of reorganizing this branch of four clerks of class one, one copyist, and two

With diligent labor he has accomplished not be carried on with the force before the

laborers, to be employed as a temporary force;'' it, and now has it in charge. These accounts now, war, because that Department is now settling pro forma, pass through the First Auditor's office and

and in line four hundred and seventy-three, to then coino to this. At once a fourth-class clerk wils up the business of the war; the war accounts

strike out the words “ forty-nine thousand assigned to the duty of passing them in the Auditor's nine' and to insert" sixty-four thousand two;'! are passing through the Auditor's and Comp- ottice, but being entirely iguorant of the business troiler's offices, and the war has occasioned a was instructed how to perform his duties by Judge

so as to make the clause read : Thurman, his inferior in pay and grade. Is it right very large increase in the business of the

For compensation of the Fifth Auditor, chicf clerk. tbat these two cierksmand valuable ones they aru- two clerks of class four, four clerks of class three, Department. It will be necessary for me to who revise the business of their respective divisions seven clerks of class two, fifteen cierks of class one, offer several amendments in regard to the in this office should receiveless pay and stand 2 grade six copyists, one messenger, and one laborer, em

lower than the clerks in the Auditor's office having Treasury Department. The first one is in this

ployed in his office; also one clerk of class tour, four charge of the same business, but who know that this elerks of class two, four clerks of class one, one copyamendment of the Committee on Appropria- office is responsible for errors and not that?

ist, and two laborers, to be employed as a tein porary tions to increase the allowance for temporary Again, I have a clerk of the thiru class, Mr. Weed, force, in all, $61,220. clerks in the First Comptroller's office from

a good lawyer and most invaluable clerk, in charge
of the New York accounts. He is indefatigable, and

The amendment was agreed to,
$4,500 to $9,000.
saves the Government, I will not say a hundred. Lut

The next amendment was on page 23, lina The amendment to the amendment was

certainly more than ten times the amount of his

salary every year in scrutinizing these accounts as five hundred and forty-six, to strike out “ one" agreed to.

they were never before serutinized. I think he is and to insert · twa'' before hundred thou. Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. Now, the gross justly entitled to the grade and compensation of a

sand ;'' so that the clause will read: fuurtb-class clerk: indeed, he does more than double amount of the appropriation should be inthe labor of some pretty good clerks.

For detecting and bringing to trial and punishment creased by adding $4,500, so as to make the Judge Thurman and Mr. Weed are about fifty perders guilty of violating tho internal revonue laws,

berat bent: By House in No.675 asterorted File bemolinberatur hundred and thirty-one, to line





Sa or conniving at the same, in cases whero such ex- served from the fact that the exports of grain

Mr. TRUMBULL. It is half past four now, penses are not otherwise provided for by law, $200,000. there have been very great; and there is very and we have but half an hour for an exccutive The amendment was agreed to.

great distress and annoyance among those set- session if we adjourn at five. I wist on my The next amendment was in line five hun. || tling in the agricultural regions for the want motion. dred and seventy-nine, after the words "pub. of ability to get titles to their lands.

The motion was agreed to; and after some lic lands” to insert the words "private land Mr. MIORRILL, of Maine. My friend from time spent in executive session the doors were claims and surveys."

California will pardon me for interposing, but reopened, and the Senate adjourned. The amendment was agreed to.

I think I can now say to the Senator from VerThe next amendment was in line five hun. mont that the apparent mistake is not a real

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. dred and eighty-nine, to strike out “twenty

one, and that the clause is all right. I will
read it as amended :

TUESDAY, June 23, 1868. and insert "forty ;' and in line five hundred

For surveyor general of California and Arizona, and ninety, to strike out "thirty-four" and

The House met at twelve o'clock m. Prayer $3,000, and for clerks in his office, $11,000. insert fifty-eight;" so that the clause will

by the Chaplain, Rev. C. B. Boyntox.

We intended to make an appropriation of read:

The reading of yesterday's Journal was, on $14,000, and if the Senator will refer to the For compensation of additional clerks in the Gen

motion of Mr. MAYNARD, by unanimous eral Land Office under the act of March 3, 1855: for book of estimates he will see that it is precisely

consent, dispensed with. one principal clerk as director, one clerk of class what was estimated for, and the appropriation three, four clerks of class two, forty clerks of class is in the form estimated for. The estimate is : REPRESENTATIVES-ELECT FROM ARKANSAS. one, and two laborers, $13,610.

For the surveyor general of California and Ari- Mr. PAINE. Mr. Speaker, I rise to a ques. The amendment was agreed to.

zona, $3,000. The next amendment was in lines six hun- Clerks in his office as per act, &c., $11,000.

tion of privilege. I send up the credentials of

the Representatives.elect from the State of dred and fifty-eight and six hundred and fifty- Our information on that subject, which the nine, to strike out the words “two thousand Senator from California was communicating,

Arkansus, together with a resolution on which

I demand the previous question. five” and to insert “ six thousand three," and

satisfied us that the estimate was not too much. also after the word “dollars,'' in line six hun

Mr. COLE. I will only add, that so great

The Clerk read the resolution, as follows: dred and fifty-nine, to strike out “ $4,500;' is the necessity of which I was speaking of

Resolved, That the oath of office be now adminis

tered by the Speaker to lion. Logan II. Roots, Hun. so that the clause will read:

permitting the people settling in the agricul- James Hinds, and lion. Thomas Boles, RepresentaFor compensation of the surveyor general of Min- tural portions of the State to acquire a title to tives-elect from the State of Arkansas. nesota, $2,000, and the clerks in his oflice, $6,300. their property that the Legislature of the State Mr. MAYNARD. I suggest to the gentleThe amendment was agreed to. passed a resolution asking for a much larger

man from Wisconsin to take the course purThe next amendment was in line six hun appropriation for the survey of the public sued in the case of Tennessee. The creden. dred and sixty-five, to strike out the word lands ihan has been accorded by the commit

tials of the Representatives-elect from Ten. “four" before “thousand” and to insert tee, and larger than will be accorded by the

nessee were formally referred to the Committee “six," and also after the word " thousand"

Senate or the House of Representatives. The of Elections. The gentleman will see that is to insert “three thousand," and in line six reasonable amount that is asked here is cer.

a wise and prudent proceeding. We bad a hundred and sixty-six to strike out " $6,000;" tainly not extravagant by any means. It will

report from the Committee of Elections almost so that the clause will read: not come up to the emergency.

immediately. I think it is the best course for

The amendment was agreed to. For surveyor general of Kansas, $2,000, and tho

us to pursue now. clerks in his office, $1,300.

The next amendment was in lines six hun.

Mr. PAINE. I withdraw the demand for The amendment was agreed to. dred and seventy-seven and six hundred and

the previous question. I wish to say a word The next amendment was in line six hun. seventy-eight, to strike out “$7,000;" so that

by way of explanation and in reply to the gen: dred and sixty-nine, to strike out

the clause will read : $7,000"

tleman from Tennessee. Having, examined after “dollars;" so that the clause will read:

For surveyor general of Idaho, $3,000, and for clerks in his office, $1,000.

the credentials myself, having found them corFor surveyor general of Colorado and Utah, $3,000, and for the clerks in his oflice, $4,000.

The amendment was agreed to.

rect, and having heard of no contest of the

claim of these gentlemen to their seats in this The amendment was agreed to.

The next amendment was in line six hun- || House, although they have been here for weeks The next amendment was in lines six hun- dred and eighty, after the word “hundred" to

and months waiting for admission, I do not see dred and seventy-three and six hundred and insert "and two;' and after the word “dol.

any good reason why we should refer their cre. seventy-four, to strike out " $4,500” and to

lars” to insert " and seventy-two cents;' and dentials to the Committee of Elections in the insert “$11,000;'' and also, in lines six hun

in lines six hundred and eighty-one and six hun. first instance any more than in ordinary cases dred and seventy-four and six hundred and dred and eighty-two to strike out $6,500;"

of credentials presented where there is no notice seventy-five, to strike out $7,500;" so that so that the clause will read:

of contest. If there is any contest, if there is the clause will read :

For surveyor general of Nevada, $2,502 72, and the

any question in reference to the election of clerks in his office, $4,000. For surveyor general of California and Arizona, $3,000, and for clerks in his office, $11,000.

The amendment was agreed to.

these gentlemen, if there is any doubt of their

right to represent the State of Arkansas in Mr. POMEROY. I want to call the atten

The next amendment was in line six hun- this House, then I will admit it is proper to tion of the chairman of the Committee on dred and eighty-five, to strike out $6,500;" refer these credentials to the Commitiee of Appropriations to this clause. I do not under- so that the clause will read :

Elections, although even in that case the rights stand why the $4,500 should be stricken out in For the surveyor general of Oregon, $2,500, and for of contestants would not be concluded or prejulines six hundred and seventy-three and six the clerks in his office $4,000.

diced by the adıninistration of the oath. If bundred and seventy-four and $11,000 inserted.

The amendment was agreed to.

any gentleman will state that he has heard of Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. The $4,500 and The next amendment was in line six hun- any charge against either of these gentlemen the $7,500 are put together.

dred and eighty-eight, to strike out “$6,500;'' of disloyalty or of any irregularity in the elecMr. ÉDMUNDS. The clause now reads, as so that the clause will read :

tion at which they were chosen I will couseot amended, “ For surveyor general of California For surveyor general of Washington Territory, to this reference. Unless this is done I do not and Arizona, $3,000, and for clerks in his $2,500, and for the clerks in his office, $4,000.

see why in this case we should depart from the office, $11,000,” which makes the appropria

The amendment was agreed to.

ordinary procedure in like cases. tion $14,000.

The next amendment was in line six hundred Mr. MAYNARD. If the gentleman will Mr. POMEROY. That is the criticism I and ninety, to strike out " four" and insert allow me, I will say a word. He was a member

I was about to make.

"six;' and after the word “thousand" to of the last Congress and will remember what I Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. That is evidently | insert "three hundred ;'i and in line six hun- am about to say. At the commencement of

dred and ninety-one, to strike out “$600;'' so that Congress the credentials of the Tennessee Mr. COLE. No, sir; it is not an error. that the clause will read:

delegation were referred by the House to the Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. It seems to be For surveyor general of Nebraska and Iowa, $2,000, Committee on Reconstruction. That commitan error as it stands. and the clerks in his office, $6,300.

tee reported substantially with regard to TenMr. COLE. Lleven thousand dollars for The amendment was agreed to.

nessee the action that has been taken in regard the clerks in the surveyor general's office in The next amendment was in line six hun- to Arkansas. When that had been perfected California is the amount of the estimate for dred and ninety-three, to strike out " three" into law the House then referred the creden. that service. The usual amount of appropria- and to insert "four ;''and in line six hundred | tials to the Committee of Elections. That tion for the survey of the land in that State is, and ninety-four to strike out $6,000;'' committee reported them back, and the mem. I believe, $50,000, and that is the amount esti- that the clause will read:

bers from Tennessee were then sworn in. I mated for this year. The fact is there is a For surveyor general of Montana, $3,000, and for think the same prudent course should be pargreat necessity for surveying the public lan the clerks in his office, $4,000.

sued in this instance. in that State. The tide of population setting

The amendment was agreed to.

Mr. PAINE. Mr. Speaker, as the gentle. in that direction is very great; so great, indeed, Mr. TRUMBULL: As it is very clear that man seems in earnest in this matter, and other that last month six thousand emigrants went we cannot finish this bill to-day, and there is gentlemen near me express the same opinion, to that State. It will be borne in mind that it a necessity for an executive session, I move I will modify my resolution as follows: is a very large State, comprising about two that the Senate proceed to the consideration

Resolved, That the credentials of the Representahundred thousand square miles, and the tend- of executive business.

tives-elect from the State of Arkansas be referred to ency of the population now is not to the mines, Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. Suppose we go

the Committee of Elections. but to the agricultural regions, as will be ob- on a little longer with the bill.

The resolution, as modified, was agreed to.


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DRAWBACK ON SHIP-BUILDING MATERIAL. reconsider the various votes by which bills had Mr. COBB. That can be presented under On motion of Mr. LYNCH, by unanimous been referred this morning; and also moved

the rules. I object. consent, the bill (H. R. No. 1286) to allow that the motion to reconsider be laid on the The SPEAKER. It will be referred by the drawback on articles used in the construction table,

Journal clerk. of vessels, which was yesterday referred to the The latter motion was agreed to.

INTERNAL TAX BILL. Committee on Commerce, was ordered to be


Mr. SCHENCK. I call for the regular order printed.

Mr. JENCKES, by unanimous consent, sub.

of business.
mitted the following resolution ; which was

The House, under the order heretofore made, Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania, offered read and referred, under the law, to the Com

resolved itself into the Committee of the Whole the following resolution ; which was read, conmittee on Printing :

on the state of the Union, (Mr. BLAINE in the sidered, and agreed to :

Resolved, That three thousand extra copies of the

chair,) and resumed the consideration of the ResoldeilThat the Clerk of the House of Repre

report of the Committee on Retrenchment on the bill (H. R. No. 1284) to change and more sentatives be directed to present to the Secretary of

civil service of the United States be printed for the effectually secure the collection of internal Slate the act entitled " An act to admit the State of use of the House,

taxes on distilled spirits and tobacco, and to Arkansas to representation in Congress,” together

HAMPTON THOMPSON. with the certificate of the Clerk of the House of Rep

amend the tax on banks. resentatives and Secretary of the Senate, showing On motion of Mr. LAWRENCE, of Penn- The section under consideration was the that the said act was passed by a vote of two thirds sylvania, by unanimous consent, the amend.

following: of both Houses of Congress after the objections of the President thereto had been received, and after ment of the Senate to the bill (H. R. No. 822) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Represent

atives of the United States of America in Congress assemthe reconsideration of said act by both Houses in granting a pension to Hampton Thompson Wed. That there shall be levied and collected on all accordance with the Constitution. was taken from the Speaker's table.

distilled spirits op which the tax prescribed by law REPORT OF CHIEF OF ORDNANCE.

The amendment of the Senate was to insert has not been paid, a tax of sixty cents on each and Mr. BUTLER, by unanimous consent, prein line five, after the word “ volunteers," the

every proof gallon, to be paid by the distiller, owner,

or any person having possession thereof; and the tax sented a report of the Chief of Ordnance; words "and to pay him a pension at the rate on such spirits shall be collected on the whole numwhich was ordered to be printed, and referred of twenty-five dollars per annum.''

ber of gauge or wine gallons when below proof, and

shall be increased in proportion for any greater to the Committee on Ordnance.

Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I move

strength than the strength of proof spirit as defined that the amendment of the Senate be con- in this act: and any fractional part of a gallon in PENSIONS TO EX-OFFICERS. curred in.

excess of the number of gallons in a cask or package Mr. O'NEILL, by unanimous consent, intro- Mr. MILLER. I think the amendment had

shall be taxed as a gallon. Every proprietor or posduced a bill (H. R. No. 1310)«to provide for

sessor of a still, distillery, or distilling apparatus, better be referred to the Committee on Pen- and every person in any manner interested in the the granting of pensions to those ex-officers of sions.

use of any such still, distillery, or distilling apparathe United States Army, according to their Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. The

tus, shall be jointly and severally liable for the taxes rank at date of final muster out, who were

imposed by law on the distilled spirits produced thereamendment does not increase the pension from, and the tax shall be a first lien on the spirits wounded while serving as enlisted men and who allowed by the House bili. It only specifies distilled, the distillery used for distilling the same, are not now drawing pensions as officers ; which the amount, which the House bill did not.

the stills, vessels, fixtures, and tools therein, and on was read a first and second time, and referred

tho lot or tract of land whereon the said distillery is The amendment was concurred in.

situated, together with any building thereon, from to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.

Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania, moved

the time said spirits are distilled until the said tax


to reconsider the vote by which the amendThe SPEAKER, by unanimous consent, laid ment was concurred in ; and also moved that

The pending amendment was the one moved before the House a communication from the the motion to reconsider be laid on the table.

by Mr. Van Wyck, to reduce the tax on whisky Secretary of the Treasury, transmitting state

The latter motion was agreed to.

to fifty cents per gallon, instead of sixty cents,

as reported by the Committee of Ways and ment of the sums paid without protest during


Means. the years 1865, 1866, and 1867, on the vessels Mr. SCHENCK. I propose to call for the Mr. VAN WYCK, Mr. Chairman, the counof the United States and Brazil Mail Steamship | regular order, but before doing so I wish to try, with great unanimity, are demanding the Company at the port of New York, amounting state to the House that by its order, being in reduction of the tax on whisky, and the comto $7,611 10; which was referred to the Com

Committee of the Whole on the state of the mittee in its proposition have bet yielded to mittee on Appropriations.

Union, we take a recess from balf past four until that demand. Some weeks ago, when I subADMISSION OF ARKANSAS.

half past seven o'clock. I ask that by unan- mitted a report exposing the machinations and Mr. MILLER. I ask unanimous consent

imous consent the House shall remain in Com- power of the whisky ring to some, it seemed to record my vote on the bill for the admission

mittee of the Whole on the state of the Union almost incredible. Examinations since then of Arkansas.

for fifteen minutes after half past four o'clock, made show its power still more incredible. It The SPEAKER. The Chair cannot ask | gentlemen staying here or not as they please, has stalked through the antechambers of this unanimous consent.

in order to afford the gentleman who acts as Hall, through the corridors of the Senate, and Mr. MILLER. Then I wish to say if I had

chairman of the Committee of the Whole on controlled the avenues to the Executive Manbeen here I would have voted in favor of the

the state of the Union (Mr. BLAINE] an oppor- sion. While it directed the action it defied the bill, notwithstanding the veto of the President. tunity of delivering a ten-minutes' speech, not power of the Government. I then believed on the tax bill.

that the only way to destroy the ring and check CONTRACTS PAYABLE IN GOLD.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. No busi- the iminense frauds and demoralization permeMr. BROOKS. If there is no objectionness to be done?

ating that branch of the service was to reduce and if there is I would instantly withdraw it-I Mr. SCHENCK. No business to be done. the tax to fifty cents per gallon; to take away move to take up from the Speaker's table the Mr. FARNSWORTH. I would like to its wealth by depriving it of the source of its bill of the Senate allowing contracts to be made know what subject the gentleman is going to ill-gotten gains, and that the tax be collected in gold. It is pretty important that it should speak upon.

at the worm of the still, thereby dispensing pass.

Mr. ELDRIDGE. Would it not answer with that great means of fraud-bonded wareMr. HOLYAN and Mr. ALLISON objected. I quite as well for the gentleman from Maine to houses. Everything I then stated has been SALE OF LOT SPRINGS RESERVATION.

have the use of the Hall for this purpose for more than vindicated, and conclusions then Mr. JULIAN. Iintroduced a bill the other some evening? (Laughter.]

formed fully justified by subsequent facts. The day providing for the sale of Hot Springs res

The SPEAKER. Is there objection to the whisky ring then opened its batteries and ervation in Arkansas. I ask unanimous con:

proposition of the gentleman from Ohio, (Mr. honored me with its denunciations through Bent that it be printed. SCIENCK?]

every channel they could reach. At that time The bill was ordered to be printed.

No objection was made.

it was announced the Ways and Means would . R. P. PARROTT. IMPROVEMENT OF WESTERN RIVERS.

oppose any reduction and that the temperance On motion of Mr. ROBERTSON, by unan

Mr. EGGLESTON. I ask unanimous con

sentiment of the country would insist upon a

high tax. Feeling, therefore, confident of the imous consent, the bill (S. No. 303) for the sent to present the resolution which I send to relief of R. P. Parrott was taken from the the Clerk's desk, and that it be referred to the lent, stole larger sums from the revenue, com:

retention of power the ring became more insoSpeaker's table, read a first and second time,

Committee on Commerce. and referred to the Committee on Commerce.

The Clerk read as follows:

manded thousands uublushingly and almost

publicly to manipulate legislation. So bold

Cincinnati, OH10, June 22, 1868.

and arrogant had it become in this last act The Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce, on the 20th Mr. CULLOM. I desire to correct the

that the people everywhere demanded that this instant, una minously adopted the following: Journal. I ain recorded as not voting on the Resolved. That in the opinion of this Chamber it power should be destroyed, and as it could bill for the removal of disabilities yesterday.

is of vital importance to the commerce of the Ohio only be destroyed by being impoverished that

valley, and of the West generally, that the approI voted against the bill.

the tax must necessarily be reduced. Such priations named in the river and harbor bill now before Congress for the works at the falls of the Ohio

was my position when I made the report as a MILLIGAN CASE.

river and at the rapids in the Mississippi river, as member of the Committee on Retrenchment, On motion of Mr. ARNELL, by unanimous well as for the general improvement of navigation and such is my position to-day.

in those rivers, should be granted at the present sesconsent, the report of the Secretary of War sion; and that we earnestly request our Senators and The tax as proposed by the Committee of in regard to the Milligan case was taken from Representatives to give these features of the bill Ways and Means, at sixty cents per gallon, in the Speaker's table, ordered to be printed, and prompt and efficient support. referred to the Committee on the Judiciary,


my judgment, will fail to drive out illicit dis. President Chamber of Commerce.

tillers of molasses. I think, therefore, it is Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to Hon, BENJAMIN EGGLESTON.

necessary to reduce that tax to Gisty cents per




gallon, so that the chances of illicit distillation cents per gallon. I am therefore enabled, after and, beside that, it will do away, in all probmay be removed. The cost of the manufac. a caretul calculation, to reply now to the ques

ability, with the corruption on the part of rev. ture of whisky is from thirty-five to forty cents tion which was put to me, and to state to the enue officers and all others now engaged in per gallon.

Add a fifty.cent tax, and you House that if the direct tax be fixed at sixty defrauding the Government out of its tax. make the whisky worth from eighty. live to cents, and the propositions of the committee in Let me state some facts in regard to Peoria. ninety cents per gallon. Now, the cost of mak. regard to all other taxes be adopted, whisky It has $1,500,000 invested in distillery proping molasses whisky is somewhere in the region will be taxed at about from seventy-six and a erty alone. Before the enormous frauds were of eighty to ninety cents per gallon.

half to
eventy-seven cents per gallon.

committed, which closed the distilleries in Peo. Now, if we are to strike down illicit whisky Mr. FARNSWORTH. I would like to make ria, they employed three thousand men, who by means of reducing the tax, I think it is an inquiry of the chairman of the Committee earned from two to three millions a year as necessary to reduce it so low that we may of Ways and Means.

wages. They consumed more than five mil. strike down every source of fraud and viola- The CHAIRMAN, Debate on this amend- lion bushels of grain per annuin. Besides, they tion of the law. And in my judgment it is ment is exhausted.

fed and fattened thousands of cattle and hogs necessary to reduce this tax to fifty cents per Mr. INGERSOLL. I move to amend the || which found a market in New York and Phil. gallon, in order to shut out the chances of amendment by striking out “fifty' and insert- adelphia. All tbis great interest has been illicit distillation. I would myself rather favor ing "twenty-five," so as to make the tax virtually destroyed. Now, reduce the tax to a reduction below fifty cents, as many mem- twenty-five cents per gallon. I wish to sub. | twenty-five cents and you will rescue this interbers of the llouse favor, than to leave it above mit to the consideration of the committee some est from absolute ruin, and in all probability that sum. One thing is evident, this whisky facts in connection with this subjeci, so far, at revive an interest which has contributed 80 ring must be destroyed, or the power of this any rate, as the manufacturers' interest is con- largely to the local prosperity of Peoria, and Government to collect taxes is gone. cerned.

contributed to the revenues of the Government [Here the hammer fell.]

Peoria has long been noted as a great cen. nearly twenty million dollars. Mr. SCHENCK. The amendment proposed tral point for the manufacture of high wines [Here the hammer fell. ] by the gentleman from New York (Mr. Vax and alcohol. Peoria engaged largely in this Mr. BUTLER. I rise, Mr. Chairman, to WYCK] is to reduce the tax on whisky to ten manufacture long before the war. All along oppose the amendment of lwenty-five cents, cents less per gallon than the amount recom: during the past twenty-five years it has been because I desire the whisky tax may be fixed mended by the Committee of Ways and Means. largely engaged in the manufacture of alcohol at twenty cents ; and the reason I have for this The gentleman who makes that motion places for the export trade. The gentleman from is not, as has been stated by the chairman of himself upon the same ground taken by the Massachusetts [Mr. HOOPER) inqnires what the Committee of Ways and Means, lest the committee; he says that he believes it necessary amount of tax Peoria has paid to the Govern- business should be done by illicit distilleries. So to come down to fifty cents per gallon, in order ment on distilled spirits under our revenue far as I can learn the difficulty is with the recto make it unprofitable to manufacture illicit laws. My recollection is that it has paid about lifiers and wholesale dealers. A tax, perbaps, whisky. I shall not extend the remarks I made sixteen or seventeen million dollars of revenue, of a larger amount could be obtained from dis. upon that subject yesterday by adding to them a very large sum. Up to four months ago some tilleries; but I desire to put it so low as to get But in reply to the argument of the gen.

of the distilleries in the district which I repre- rid of transportation bonds--to get rid of that tleman from New York, [Mr. Van Wyck,] in sent continued to run, but during the last four great source of fraud. At twenty cents, that favor of his amendment, I want to take advan- months not a single gallon of whisky or high will bring, with special taxes, the tax on whisky tage of this occasion to correct an error into wines has been made in that district. The rea- up to forty or forty-five cents--a little larger, which I was betrayed yesterday. While occu- son is tbat the manufacturers there cannot com- I think, than the Committee of Ways and pying the floor with explanations in relation to pete with the fraudulent inanufacture of whisky | Means calculated. this tax upon distilled spirits, I was frequently or high wines in localities more favorable for Now, sir, I assume that whisky can be interrupted and compelled to answer at the the illicit traffic, such as New York, Philadel- made for from twenty five to thirty cents per moment, gathering my thoughts for the pur- | phia, Boston, Chicago, and Cincinnati. There gallon. If you lay a tax so large that the tax pose as I best could ; and when some gentle- is only one method by which the honest, legit- is larger than the cost of the article, then the man inquired what I believed would be the imate manufacturer in the West can be sus- tax becomes a matter of speculation; and as aggregate tax per gallon upon distilled spirits tained, and that is by reducing the tax to such you exceed the cost of the article, you step by under this bill, by adding together the direct a point as does not amount to an offer of an step encourage evasion of the tax. That is the tax, the tax on capacity, the tax on sales, and immense premium to fraud, while at the same reason you cannot collect the present tax on all the special taxes, I replied that in my opin- / time enforcing your revenue laws with great whisky. A man can make his whisky for ion it would amount to a dollar or more. I strictness.

twenty cents a proof-gallon of the purest am now satisfied I was wrong in that statement. Now, sir, I have moved to reduce this tax to quality. If he can save one gallon out of ten I was having in my mind some calculations twenty-five cents, and I desire to give my rea- he gets even by fraud; if he can save two out made in my head as I proceeded, based upon sons in favor of this proposition. In the first of ten he makes a profit. For that reason it a former supposition that the direct tax wonld place, you have tried to collect the two-dollar is impossible to collect the tax. If you bring be fixed at ab-ut seventy-five cents or a dollar tax, and you have failed. When the tax was down the tax so a man to get a dollar has to per gallon. Now, the truth is that the aggre. sixty cents per gallon the Government col- risk a dollar, then the tax will be paid and colgate tax provided for in this bill cannot amount lected more revenue than it has collecied dur. | lected. If he risks one dollar to get one, then to a dollar per gallon. I have made a careful ing the last year at the two-dollar tax. During || it is a mere lottery. With the tax at sixty calculation upon the subject which I desire to the year when the tax was sixty cents the Gov. || cents, as fixed by the Committee of Ways and submit to the Committee of the Whole. ernment collected $28,000,000, while during | Means, he risks one dollar to get three; and,

· The direct tax, as all are aware, is sixty | the last year, although the tax has been more at the same time, the distiller in the West cancents. Then there is a special tax of $200 on than trebled, only $13,000,000 have been col- not go on and pay his tax before he transports the first fifty barrels or less of a distillery, with lected. If the tax be reduced to twenty-five his liquor. Therefore, if you inaugurate the four dollars per barrel on every additional cento per gallon no export or bonded ware- tax at sixty cents, you inaugurate a system of barrel, a barrel being by law reqnired to be houses will be required. The tax can be col- transportation bonds, which are the great forty gallons of proof spirits. This would be lected everywhere at the distillery before the source of fraud. an addition of ten cents per gallon.

whisky has been removed from the premises. There is another reason why I want this tax It is a little difficult to state what would be Thus all whisky, when it leaves the distillery, brought down. Let me say now if you tax at the amount of the tax upon sales; but the tax becomes free whisky in the market. Business sixty cents, with special taxes making it about at wholesale being three per cent. upon the men can then draw against it for the legitimate eighty cents, your whisky will stand as it now sales, if you average whisky at $1 33 per gallon purposes of business upon the commission does. With two dollars a gallon we do not (and it might, perhaps, as a general average, house with which they do business. Now, no collect more than a dollar or ninety cents. The come down to about that if the tax were such thing can be done. Not a house in the reason is the taxes will not be paid. But if reduced to only sixty or seventy cents,) three West can ship whisky to New York and make you put it at twenty, twenty-five, or thirty per cent. would amount to only four cents per a dralt against it for one dollar a barrel. The cents you can collect it. There will be more gallon. The retail charges bave been increased reason is that they can have no assurance the money paid over, and what is of still more con. so that they, added to the wholesale, would whisky will not be seized at Chicago, again at sequence, you break down the whisky interest make an equivalent of about five or from five Buffalo, and so all along the route; and before - I will not say ring which is too strong to six cents per gallon.

the whisky gets to New York its entire value your Government today. You break up the The tax upon the capacity is five dollars per has been eaten up by costs and charges levied corruption fund which will be collected from day upon the mashing and fermenting of a hun|| by the hungry and not always scrupulous the people by the whisky influence to be used dred bushels. A hundred bushels, at the average agents of the Government.

against the Government. of twelve quarts to the busbel, would be three Now, sir, by reducing the tax upon whisky [Here the hammer fell.] hundred gallons. This per diem tax having 1 you will revive the industries of the West con. Mr. INGERSOLL. I withdraw the amendreference to the amount taxed would be equiv- nected with this business, and you will, more. ment for the purpose of allowing the gentleman alent to about a cent and a half per gallon. over, put more money into the Treasury at from lowa [Mr. Allison) to renew it. Thus the whole tax in the aggregate, saying twenty-five cents per gallon than at the present Mr. ALLISON. I will not renew the amendnothing about the tax upon sales, (which is tax, provided you will lay a five per cent. tax ment, but will offer another, to insert fifty-five comparatively a small matter and hardly to be npon the sales of wholesale dealers and upon instead of sixty. I only desire to offer this for taken practically into the account,) would be retail dealers. It will, in my opinion, then be the purpose of saying a word or two to the from seventy-six and a half to serenty-seven easy to collect $50,000,000 from whisky alone; committee. And I desire here in advance to

for fore us.

warn members against the danger of going to which the coinmittee have added in the way millions and tens of millions, and I fear that another extrenie. Some members seem dis- of special taxes may be considered, with the the difference between forty and fifty cents posed to put the tax down to twenty or twenty. exception of the quarter of a cent, as a clear would operate to that effect. five cents a gallon on distilled spirits. Now, || addition to the tax on whisky. In other words, Now, let us, while we are correcting this the gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. But- while they have reduced the direct tax from | evil, do it effectually. Do not let us follow the LER] is mistaken in his calculation as to the two dollars a gallon to sixty cents, they have unwise philosophy of a humane man, who was amount of revenue we can raise out of distilled increased the indirect taxes sixteen cents a too kind-hearted to take all the dog's tail off spirits by this bill. I take it for granted the gallon, making a tax of seventy-six and a qnar- at one swoop and took a little piece off each Comniittee of Ways and Means have adopted ter cents per gallon, according to the bill be day. Do not for the next year leave the all the incidental taxation that it is possible to

The prevailing reason in the minds morals and the revenues of the country a prey impose upon distilled spirits, to wit: a special || of all members here why we should reduce to the men who hold them both at their mercy tax on the distillery, a special per diem tax, and the tax is the necessity of breaking up the under the patronage of the Administration, a tax on sales. Now, the chairman of the great power of the whisky ring; that combina- bat let us strike a point which will give us committee has presented an estimate of the tion which defrauds the revenue and prevents revenue enough for the Government, as forty incidental tax upon this article. I believe the us from getting revenue on more than one gal- cents per gallon, with the additional sixteen chairman is too high in this estimate. Indi- lon in ten. The only practical question of and a quarter cents, will do. The last day I rect taxes, before the spirits are put upon the statesınanship for us to consider is whether was in the House I learned from a member market, will not exceed six cents per gallon, seventy-six and a quarter cents is too higb a from New York that he had the day before, in so that if the proposition of the gentleman from tax to enable us completely and effectually to the ordinary course of business, shipped alcoIllinois or the gentleman from Massachusetts break up the combination.

hol from New York to the western part of should prevail it will make the tax less than I believe it is too high, and I am in favor of Kansas. Now, let us make this so that nature forty cents per gallon, which, taking the very putting the direct tax down to lility cents, but will have some influence in regulating this highest possible estimate of the quantity, would not lower. Now, I am aware that the precise important branch of trade, so that the West only amount to $30,000,000 per annum or less. amount of tax which will best meet the neces- may produce whisky where the corn is grown.

Now, Mr. Chairman, the amount of taxlhat | sities of this case cannot be determined with (Here the liammer fell.] we ought to realize on distilled spirits should the certainty with which we settle questions Mr. PRUYN. When I was a member of not be less than $50,000,000. The people of that depend on general principles. Without a the Committee of Ways and Means in the this country will not rest satisfied with a less full exhibit of the minute details, I am of the Thirty-Eighth Congress, with two or three of amount raised from that source. But it is opinion that fifty cents direct tax can be col- my associates on that committee, I urged very impossible to realize more than from twenty. lected without much fraud. I may not be warmly the propriety of reducing the then profive to thirty million dollars if you put your able to give sufficient reasons to satisty gentle || posed tax of two dollars per gallon to one doltax at twenty five cents or less pergallon. Now, men why that is my faith ; certainly I cannot lar. We failed in our efforts to do so, yet the gentlemen say they desire to reduce this tax to do it in five minutes. But I am persuaded | result has proved just what was predicted at a point so low that we can dispense with all that a tax of seventy-six and a quarter cents that time by the opponents of a large and transportation in bond. I wish to call the on whisky, with all the opportunities that have | heavy tax. No Government ever offered a attention of the committee to this question of been so long enjoyed, and the skill tbat has greater bounty to fraud, perjury, and all kinds of transportation in bond. The bill as presented been acquired by experts in fraud, will be too iniquity than this Government did when it estalato the House prohibits transportation in bond much. As my colleague suggests, they have lished the whisky tax at two dollars per gallon. except for exportation, and the exportation of diffused the direct tax. That is wise, and we It was a tax that all persons, looking at the disulied spirits is necessarily confined to two are pretty certain to get the sixteen and a value of the article, had told us never could distinct articles, namely, alcohol and ruin, one quarter cents, and I would not disturb a single || be collected, never would be paid, but would being exported almost entirely from the city of item of those special taxes so far as I have yet be evaded at all times and under all circumBoston and the other from New York. Gentle- considered them. But I believe that if the stances. It was a tax that broke down honest men seem to forget that we have in this bill a committee will take fifty cents as the rate, and distilleries and encouraged those who were provision which, while it is intended to pro- so far reduce the incentives to fraud and the dishonest in the illicit distillation of spirits. iect, and must in a very great degree protect, || temptation to rascality, with the additional I am glad that the Committee of Ways and honest and fair men who are eagaged in the guards thrown around the revenue in this bill Means have yielded at last to the acknowledged business of distilling, requires this tax to be in the machinery for collecting it, we shall be sentiment of the House and of the country, and collecied at the distillery warehouse, and that reasonab.y sale.

have proposed to make this tax sixty cents at the warehouse there shall be put on each [Here the hammer fell.]

instead of two dollars per gallon. And under barrel or package a stamp indicating the num

Mr. ALLISON. I withdraw the amendment a code of the most extraordinary character, ber of gallons contained in it and that the tax to the amendment.

such as is now contained in this bill, imposing has been paid thereon. So I apprehend that

Mr. KELLEY. I move to amend the amend- fines and penalties and requisitions such as a the honest distiller can have no difficulty in menu by striking out “fifty cents” and insert- man can hardly comply with, the tax is insecuring from his banker, or from tuose who ing " forty cents. I do so because I believe creased, as the chairman of the Committee of advance him money, the amount of money that at that figure we will collect more revenue Ways and Means (Mr. ScHENCK] says, about required upon that barrel or package when he than at any other that can be inserted. I sixteen or seventeen cents per gallon; making exhibits it with the revenue stamp placed there believe that with the tax direct and indirect, the whole tax some seventy-six or sevenly. by the collector of the district, showing that amounting to nearly eigbty cents on the gal- seven cents per gallon. the tax has been paid.

lon, the frauds will be almost as large in gallons Now, the whole amount of whisky manufacNow the cost of producing a gallon of spirits as it is with the present tax. The question tured in the country at the present time, as I from corn is twenty-five cents, which makes put by the gentleman from Iowa [Mr. PRICE] am assured by those well intormed upon the the barrel cost about ten dollars. Now, a tax to his colleague [Mr. Allison] during my subject, is about one hundred million gallons of sixty cents will make about twenty-four dol- absence involved the whole gist of the matter. per year; perhaps a little more, and perhaps a lars a barrel.

I read it at my home. He interrogated his little less. With the proposed tax we should [Here the hammer fell.]

colleague as to whether the thing he was driv- receive a revenue from whisky of about serMr. GARFIELD. I rise to oppose the || ing at was not to get grain 'whisky at such a enty-five million dollars per annum. amendment. I wish to say in the outset that price that it and the tax would be less than Now, it is very difficult to decide just where I have, for three years, been of the opinion, as the price of molasses whisky without the tax, the point is to which we can go with safety and I am to-day, that it is folly for Congress to and there he hit the nail upon the head. The collect the tax, and find that it will not be attempt to collect a tax of two dollars a gallon gentleman from Ohio [Mr. SCHENCK) says it evaded by the distillers. My own iapression is on distilled spirits. Whenever I have had an hit Philadelphia. Not Philadelphia, but the that the gentleman from New York, (Mr. Van opportunity to vote on this question, whether scoundrels of the country who have been poured Wyck,] who has moved to reduce this tax to in the Commitlee of Ways and Means or in inco Philadelphia to drive her old business men fifty cents per gallon, has just about bit the this House, I believe my vote will be found of integrity out of it. It hits New York; it right point. And for one I am prepared, with recorded in favor of the reduction of the tax. hits Chicago; it hits the unconvicted felons, the information I now possess upon the subject, But at this time I suppose at least a majority | who, as I had occasion to say in quoting the to vote for fifty cents per gallon, believing that of tbe people agree that the hope of collecting language of an officer of the revenue, are crea- to be a tax which can be collected. If to that two dollars is gone. The only question, then, tures who would be committing burglary and amount you add the other taxes of seventeen is where we ought to put the rate. The Com. highway robbery, or expiating their crimes in cents per gallon, you will have a tax of sixtymittee of Ways and Means propose to reduce the penitentiary, if they did not find it more seven cents per gullon, yielding a revenge of it on the direct tax to sixty cents per galloa, || prufitable and safe to be cheating the Govern- about sixty-seven million dollars per annum; but let it be understood that the cominittee ment and the community in illicit distillation. & very large revenue when contrasted with the have raised the tax in the various forms of Now, a reduction of the tax to sixty cents ten, twelve, or fifteen million dollars per year special, per cent., and per diem taxes to the would diminish to some extent the price of now collected, an amount which will do very ainouut of sixteen and a quarter cents per molasses, and would consequently diminish the much, indeed, to strengthen the Treasury and gallon. All the special taxes now collecied price at which molasses whisky can be pro- the resources, character, and financial condi on spirits under the law, will not amount to duced. Ten cents above fifty cents is a mere tion of this country. more than one quarter of one cent per gallon. bonus to fraud; a mere payment of millious I should therefore be very glad to give my Therefore, the sixteen and a quarter cents to scoundrels to cheat the Government of other vote to fix the tax upon distilled spirits at fiity

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