« PoprzedniaDalej »
that “the centre only of the present structure is an- | demoiselle d'Eon, communiqué par elle à ce seul cient. The east front exhibits an oblong square tower | artiste," &c. rising above a portico of modern Gothic work. The It is probably this portrait, "en grand," of west front has in the centre the great entrance, or gate- / which Voltaire speaks in a letter to his friend house, perhaps nearly in the state in which it was D'Argental, March 7, 1777: reared in the reign of Richard II. A.D. 1377-1399." It! “On m'a envoyé un Chevalier Déon, gravé en Minerve. was the residence of the ancient family of Hylton from accompagné d'un pretendu brevet du roi, qui donne douze the time of King Athelstan (A.D. 925-940) to the year | mille livres de pension à cette Amazone, et qui lui or
donne le silence respectueux, comme on l'ordonnait au1746; the building has the arms of the Hyltons and their
trefois aux jansenistes. Cela fera un beau problème dans alliances engraven on it in numerous places.]
l'histoire. Quelque académie des inscriptions prouvera
l que c'est un des monuments les plus authentiques. Déon HISTORY OF FAIRS. – Observing in “N. & Q."
sera une pucelle d'Orléans qui n'aura pas été brûlée. On 3rd S. iv. 477, Dec. 12, 1863, that a correspondent, verra combien nos meurs se sont adoucies.” J. H., asks where he can inspect the best collec- ! In the European Magazine for March, 1791, will tions for a history of fairs, and that you state that be found a portrait of La Chevalière d'Eon" in he should endeavour to obtain permission to in- | hermaphroditic attire, “Née à Tonnerre le 5. gbre spect the curious collections of the late Mr. Fil
1728, J. Condé Deliné et Sculpt." linham, sold by Messrs. Puttick & Simpson, Aug.
k & Simpson, Aug. Another portrait in oval, the face averted in 7, 1862 — lots 352 and 353, Bartholomew Fair; I profile, in masculine attire, and adorned with the lót 395, Miscellaneous Collections for the History
cross of St. Louis, engraved by Mackenzie, will be of May, Bow, Horn, Fairlop, Greenwich, and found in Eccentric Biography, or Memoirs of ReCamberwell Fairs ; lot 396, Notices of Hyde Park |
markable Female Characters, &c., :12mo, London, Fair in 1838; and lot 408, Frost Fairs — I should
1803. feel greatly obliged if you can inform me where
There is also his portrait as “ Mademoiselle De I can inspect the above lots, more particularly
ots, more particularly Beaumont”; a caricature of him or her-and lots 352 and 353, Bartholomew Fair; and lot 395, Dr. Musgrave, the Plymouth physician: a view the Miscellaneous Collections: the latter lot Í
of the Chevalier's birthplace in Burgundy; and a should be glad to know if for sale. J. R. D.
print representing the Chevalier before a jury of Brixton Hill, Surrey.
matrons assembled to determine the question of [Lots 352, 353, were purchased by Mr. Henry Fawcett
his sex. of 14, King Street, Convent Garden ; 395, 396, by Mr.
A second edition of the Life by De la Fortelle Boone, for the British Museum ; 408, by Appleton of
was published in 1779, preceded by an Epitre New York.]
from M. Dorat to the Chevalier, and followed by PENDRAGON CASTLE.—There is an engraving of documents re
documents relative to his quarrel with BeauPendragon Castle, Westmoreland, in Buck's Anti
marchais, which are further detailed in the Vie quities, taken early in the last century. While
Privée, Politique et Littéraire de Beaumarchais, I was recently in that part of the kingdom I could
(12mo, Paris, 1802, pp. 72-82) where the poet, find no present account of it in the guide-books,
who had been charged with the mediation bethough it was one of the Clifford castles, repaired tween the king and his epicene agent, seems by the celebrated countess, together with Appleby,
charged with having perverted a sum of 256,763 Brough, Skipton, &c. Does any part of it vet livres, which the latter asserts that he ought to remain ? Thomas E. WINNINGTON.
have received. [Pendragon Castle was dismantled by Thomas Earl of
There is also'a pamphlet entitled — Thanet in 1685. One of the flanking towers is still toler
“ Epistle from the Chevalier D'Eon to the Right Hon.
L-d M(ansfield on the regard to her Sex.” Portrait, ably perfect. The situation is fine, on a mound above the | 4to, 1778. Eden, which flows under the walls ; on the other side it
Lord Mansfield was the judge before whom was protected by a deep moat.- Vide Murray's Handbook
and a special jury had been tried at Guildhall, for Westmoreland, 1866, p. 116.]
July 1, 1777, the extraordinary cause wherein
Jaques, a broker, the sum of seven hundred
guineas, for which the latter, in consideration of BIOGRAPHY OF THE CHEVALIER D’EON.
the payment of one hundred guineas, being fifteen
per cent., had signed a policy of insurance to pay (4th S. ii. 131, 215, 236.)
the plaintiff the said sum whenever he could In noticing the Vie Militaire, &c. of this poto prove that the Chevalier d'Eon was a female. rious man-woman, by De la Fortelle, P. A. L. In the course of the trial it turned out that the does not mention the portrait prefixed, with its plaintiff bad sold, on the same terms, to " Baron emblematic accessories – “Composé par J. B. | Nolleken” (the sculptor ?) a moiety of his chance. Bradel, qui a grayé en grand le portrait de Ma- ! Two French gentlemen were called to prove, from their own certain knowledge and observa- | tinued to wear till his death, appears to have been tion, that the subject of the examination was a forced upon him by his royal master Louis XV., female, and one of them “ gave positive proofs of and only submitted to with great reluctance, the same, by relating particulars too indelicate for finally overcome by an imprisonment of some us to mention.”
weeks in the castle of Dijon. The mystery atLord Mansfield commented on the indecency of tendant upon this extraordinary circumstance in the proceeding, which, he remarked, arose more his life, will probably never now receive a satisfrom the unnecessary questions asked than from factory explanation. the case itself; that the witnesses had declared The Chevalier was skilful at fence; his prothat they knew that the Chevalier was a woman, found knowledge of the theory of the art enabled and that if she was not so, they were perjured; him to render important aid to the elder Angelo and that therefore there was no need of enquiring in his well-known treatise ; he was the constant how and by what method they knew it. He guest and bosom friend of the latter; and it was thought, therefore, that the jury must find a ver with him that Angelo junior first tried his dict for the plaintiff,—which, without going out 'prentice hand with the foil. Besides his disof court, and after a consultation of two minutes, play with Mons. de St. Georges, as mentioned they did, for seven hundred pounds and forty by P. A. L., he was also accustomed to exhibit in shillings.
several provincial towns his knowledge of carte Besides the sum thus given by the verdict to and tierce with Mrs. Batiman, an actress. John Mr. Hayes, it is said that he recovered three Taylor, who was accustomed to meet the Chethousand pounds on other policies. Other very valier in advanced life at Mr. Angelo's, says that large sums were dependent on the same suit. though dressed as a woman, “he spoke and acted
If the reader wishes to see a fuller account of with all the roughness of a veteran soldier," and this curious matter, he may refer to a notable expressed regret that one “ who had made so conpiece of compilatory quackery, entitled:
spicuous a figure should ever have been reduced “Fifty Years' Recollections of an Old Bookseller, con- to derive a precarious support from a public exsisting of Anecdotes, Characteristic Sketches, and Original hibition of his talents in fencing with a woman." Traits and Eccentricities of Authors, Artists, Actors, (Records of My Life, 2 vols. 8vo, 1832, vol. i. Books, Booksellers, and of the Periodical Press for the p. 336.) last half Century, &c., 8vo. Cork, 1835."
Such, indeed, was the case. The unfortunate The author of this precious farrago was William Chevalier, who had returned to England, was West, to whom we are also indebted for a History | deprived of his pension at the time of the French and Topography of Warwickshire, 8vo, Birming- Revolution ; and in Sept. 1795 an advertisement ham, 1830; and a little volume entitled Tavern appeared, in which he stated “that at the age of Anecdotes and Reminiscences, Sc. By one of the sixty-eight she embraces the resources of her skill Old School, 12mo, 1825.
and long experience in the science of arms, to cut Cautioning the reader as to the possible inac- her bread with her sword; and instead of idly curacies of the blundering writer from whom I looking up for support from those who in her proghave taken the foregoing statement, I may add perity were her professed good friends, she relies wbat he omits, that in spite of the verdict, the on the liberality of Britons at large to protect an plaintiff in this scandalous cause failed to obtain unfortunate woman of quality from the stings and his expected gain. The matter was again brought arrows of outrageous fortune, in a foreign land before Lord Mansfield, in the Court of King's and in the vale of years." At the house and table Bench, when, the defendant pleading a previous of the elder Angelo, the Chevalier was, as I have
Act of Parliament for non-payment, this was de- mentioned above, a frequent visitor.' Here the .cided to be binding, and the verdict was reversed. pleasantly garrulous son relates
The affair had, however, the consequence of caus- | “On my entrance, to my surprise, I beheld a lusty ing the Chevalier to be regarded as a woman, and dame dressed in black silk, the head-dress a rosed toupet laid him open to the accusation of being a party
and laced cap. He had not the least beard, a diamond to the transactions, and an intending sharer of the
necklace, long stays, and an old fashioned stomacher.
the My father leading me to the assumed lady, I received, à la plunder. This caused his departure from Eng
Française, a kiss on each cheek. Ever afterwards when land in Aug. 1777, after asserting in the public he dined at our house, though dressed as a woman, when papers his innocence of complicity, and referring the ladies retired, he remained to enjoy the glass and to a former notice in the papers of 1775. in which conversation. When I last saw him, he then lived a few he cautioned all persons concerned not to pay any
doors beyond Astley's Theatre. He always dressed in
to pay any black silk, and looked like a woman worn out with age sums due on policies effected with reference to
les erected with reference to and care."- Reminiscences of Henry Angelo, 1830, vol. IL his sex, and declaring his willingness to controvert p. 59. the evidence adduced on the trial, if he could The reminiscent further adds :obtain permission to return to England.
“At this period there was much talk about D'Eon's His assumption of female attire, which he con- sex, and one day, when he dined at our house, Treves, the
NOTES AND QUERIES.
vards one in with a who father in
my faint passicousand,
THE LATIN LANGUAGE.
(4th S. i. 535, 589.)
ity between the Celtic languages and Latin,
Jew (who was afterwards one of the chosen guests at
something connected with the mystery. My father in-
who would, on condition that he discovered his sex, on
I hope to be allowed to make some remarks on
the correspondence of a later date, which origi-
" Where can you find a good account of that element
in Latin which is not related to Greek--the barbarous
MR. BUCKTON in his reply mentions, amongst
or Scythian has been considered the parent of
Greek, see Jamieson's Hermes Scythicus. Second,
1 of the Iberians. Several modern writers have
| Gauls who originally inhabited the north of Italy:
a these were designated by the Romans Umbri:- . in his Lettres, Mémoires, et Négociations particu
1 “ From these authorities (Herodotus, lib. iv. c. 49; lières, 4to, 1763; which was succeeded by an
Dionysius of Halicarnassus, lib. i.; Pliny, lib. jii, c. 14), Examen des Lettres, &c., 4to. Notwithstanding it is evident that the Umbri at a remote period occupied this unfortunate affair, the Chevalier enjoyed the the greatest portion of North Italy. The Ligurians, a confidence of his royal master Louis XV., and nation confessedly Celtic, seem to have shared the country remained in correspondence with him till the
1 with them."-Williams “On one Source of the Non
Hellenic Portion of the Latin Language” (Trans. of the
Royal Soc. of Edinburgh, vol. xiii. p. 499).
author of a History of the Umbri, and who must
i to dispose of his valuable library of books. / Umbrians. These are his words: These were sold by Christie in Pall Mall in 1791,
“ The Sabines, who are indigenous, inhabited first the the MSS. and political tracts realising enormous Reatine district; but being driven thence by the Pelasgi, prices. The Catalogue, which is preceded by an entered that country, which they still inbabit, and having exposé in French and English, giving curious de- changed their name together with their situation, were
called Sabini instead of Umbri. To connect the Sabini
with the original population of Rome is an easy task,
Thus, there is but one barbarous element of
Latin, viz. the Celtic: —
"Considering the Umbri as confessedly the most an
| cient people of Italy, I think we may safely ascribe to In this curious pamphlet it is represented that them:... the primitive form of its language, unti Earl Ferrers received a sum of 50001. on account the several communities of the Etruscans, Sabines, and of Malle. D'Eon, and applied 30001. of it in re | Latins successively detached themselves from the parent
| nation, and from a combination of different elements, pairing his mansion of Stanton Harold, neglecting
Un adopted also different modifications of the same primeval the rightful claims of the lady.
tongue."-Williams, p. 513. The Chevalier died May 21, 1810, and was buried at St. Pancras. An autopsy was made by
But the language of the Etruscans was a corMr. Copeland, surgeon, of Golden Square, when
h ruption of Greek:
rupt the body was discovered and certified, to be that “In iis Italiæ antiquæ linguis (Etruscorum vel Oscoof a perfect male.
| rum) principia ac primordia vetustissimæ linguæ Græcæ,
inquinata scilicet ac corrupta latuisse nemo, qui acuBirmingham.
tissimi Lanzii de hac re doctissimum opus inspexerit,
LACEMAKERS' SONGS: “LONG LANKIN.” *How can I come down, it's so late in the night, (4th S. ii. 178.)
And there's no fire burning, nor lamp to give light ?'
"You have three silver mantles as bright as the sun ; Forty years ago, when in Northamptonshire, I Come down, my fair lady, all by the light of one.' used to hear the lacemakers sing the now wellknown ballad of “Hugh of Lincoln” (“It rains,
"Oh! spare me, Long Lankin, spare me till twelve
o'clock! it rains," &c.) Another, which I have never seen
You shall have as much money as you can carry on in print, but which I happen to have in MS., is
your back. “Long Lankin," of which I send a copy. Like Oh! spare me, Long Lankin, oh! spare me one hour! the damsels whom Shakspeare represents as
You shall have my daughter Nancy, she is a sweet “chanting" the song which the Clown proceeds
"Where is your daughter Nancy ? she may do some to sing (in Twelfth Night, Act II. Sc. 4), the
good; equally " free maids" of my childhood's days She can hold the golden basin to catch your heart's often chanted, rather than sung, as they sat in
blood.' rows "in the sun ” or in the “ lace-school,” an
Lady Nancy was sitting in her window so high, institution which is perhaps effete. But Shak
And she saw her father as he was riding by :
"O father! O father! don't lay the blame on me; speare's lacemakers made bone lace,” and not
It was the false nurse and Lankin who killed your "bobbin lace,” with which only I am acquainted.
lady.' I could perhaps remember some few other ditties Then Lankin was hung on a gallows so high, which the lacemakers used to sing, though my And the false nurse was burnt in a fire close by.” impression is that they were often mere childish To the best of my recollection this copy is not nursery rhymes like “ Sing a song of sixpence." quite complete, and it was sung with occasional Such probably was one which began in this ad libitum variations, as “ Sally" or “ Betsy" for
Nancy. It is probable that inquiry in the lace“I had a little nutting-tree,
making districts would produce copies of other old And nothing would it bear
B. H. COWPER. But little silver nutmegs
For Galligolden fair" of which I recollect no more, but that, as a little ! If MR. EDWARD PEACOCK will refer to a pote boy, I used to tell them to say “nutmeg-tree." | (3rd S. ix.30) he will discover that“Mirry-land” is which they obstinately refused to do. By-thé- no terra incognita. Bishop Percy's nonsense about way, there was a long piece about “ Death and “Milan” and “the Po” is indeed " a fancy, not the Lady," which the . free maids” used to chant.
worth a serious answer.” “Mirry-land toun” is This exhausts my present reminiscences, so I shall
nt reminiscences an I shali | Lincoln = Mere-land town = Merry-land town proceed to give you "Long Lankin ": –
=the town of Mere-land = the land of meres, or “ Said my lord to his lady as he got on his horse,
fen-lakes. Any one who has visited the Fens • Take care of Long Lankin, who lives in the moss.'
must have heard such phrases as “A good farm, Said my lord to his lady as he rode away,
but too merey”; “Too much mere-land,” &c. &c. • Take care of Long Lankin, who lives in the clay. The meres have been mostly drained, but many of The doors are all bolted, and the windows are pinned,
the larger ponds still retain the name of “meres." There is not a hole where a mouse can creep in.'
S. Then he kissed bis fair lady as he rode away; For he must be in London before break of day. The doors were all bolted, the windows all pinned,
| QUEEN BLEAREYE'S TOMB: PAISLEY ABBEY. But one little window where Lankin crept in.
(4th 8. i. 309, 486, 584; ii. 60.). * Where's the lord of this house ?' said Long Lankin. "He is gone to fair London,' said the false nurse to ESPEDARE's last able paper (in which, however, him.
he speaks too flatteringly of my humble aid) goes •Where's the lady of this house ?' said Long Lankin. far to solve the difficulty that has been long felt •She's in her high chamber,' said the false nurse to regarding this tomb. and 'I think establishes clearly
him. • Where's the young heir of this house ?' said Long
the fact that it is a composition of two: (1) the Lankin.
recumbent figure, intended for Marjory Bruce; • He's asleep in his cradle,' said the false nurse to him. (2) the altar-tomb, that of some dignified eccle• We'll prick him, we'll prick him all over with a pin, siastic—the laymen's shields being those of allies And that will make your lady come down to him.
or relatives of this latter personage. They pricked him, they pricked him all over with a
It will interest ESPEDARE to know that the pin, And the false nurse held a basin for the blood to drop in. Crocs were, at an early period, among the land
O nurse! how you sleep, and O nurse how you snore! | owners of the county of Peebles, as well as RenYou leave my son Johnson to cry and to roar!!
frew. (See Orig. Paroch. Scot., vol. i.) • I've tried him with suck, and I've tried him with pap;
He is perfectly right in his correction of my Come down, my fair lady, and nurse him in your lap: I've tried him with apple, and I've tried him with
erroneous construction of the curious charters by pear;
Robert III, to his brother and nephew, the AlCome down, my fair lady, and nurse him in your chair.' banys. I delayed acknowledging this till I had
again consulted the originals; and these show they do not seem to understand: there are of distinctly that it was the “homage and service,” | course a few exceptions. I have tried hard to not the money grant, which were to be received “educate" them up to the mark, but I have now by Sir Robert Stuart after the death of his bro- abandoned the task in despair. ther the Earl of Carric. Perhaps the following But the object of my present writing is to extract (supplying contractions) may be acceptable, make a few comments upon the statements of as it is not every one who examines the Great Seal | G. W. M. in “N. & Q.” 4th S. ii. 262, and reregister:~
move some misapprehensions which he seems to “ Robertus, etc., Sciatis nos dedisse concessisse et hac
entertain. presenti carta nostra confirmasse dilecto consanguineo Let me first say that the registrars under me nostro Murdaco Senescallo militi pro homagio et servicio (and I believe the praise may be given generally) nostro et speciali retinencia sua * carissimo primogenito
are most earnest and indefatigable in the pernostro David Senescallo Comiti de Carric, ad terminum
formance of their duties. Deaths there is but vite sue continuand. et ipso primogenito nostro in fata forsan decedente continuand. similiter dilecto filio nostro little chance of their omitting to register, as their Roberto Senescallo militi prout in literis ipsius Murdaci certificate is required to be shown to the minister inde confectis plenius continet centum marcas sterlin or other person burying; or if not shown, the clergorum annuatim levand. et percipiend. de magna cus gyman officiating is bound to report the fact to tuma nostra burgi de Abirdene per manus custumariorum nostrorum ibidem qui pro tempore fuerint proporcionaliter
the registrar, that he may have the proper entry ad festas pentecoste et sancti Martini in Yeme," etc. etc.
made. Reg. Mag. Sig., p. 213, No. 51.
With “ births” I admit that there is some I think the epithet “primogenitus" is quite
difficulty, as, unless the parent feels the importance conclusive against the statement of Abercromby
of registering his child's birth, the registrar may and Duncan Stuart, that Robert III. had an elder
never hear of it. In country places the gossips Bon John. These writers are considered very in
take care that the fact is known; but in large different authority. ESPEDARE is also right in
towns it is impossible for the registrar to find correcting me as to the existence of Robert III.'s
them out for himself. I trust, therefore, that other natural son James of Kilbride, who occurs in
G. W. M., when he is next blessed, will not wait Robertson's Index of Lost Charters as having had
for the registrar calling upon him; for although a grant of that barony,“ with ane taillie” [entail].
that officer is entitled to, and is paid (by the This was one of the forfeited estates of the Comyns,
guardians) a fee upon every entry, he cannot and had been bestowed by Robert I., or his son
register that of which he is not informed. David, upon the High Steward. I am almost
I will now proceed to notice G. W. M.'s peculiar ashamed to confess that, though I spent the best
| grievance. Why in a large town, no entry of a part of my life within a ride of Paisley, I have
birth may not be made unless the father of the only seen this tomb on two occasions; and my
child “ takes the trouble” to give notice to the knowledge of its architecture is chiefly derived
registrar, I have above shown; but does G. W.M. from the very beautiful and accurate work of
think it'" a trouble” to perhaps secure the civil Mr. Billings.
rights of his child by an authorised and legal
entry of the fact of its birth ? How many an inPARISH REGISTERS, ETC.
heritance has been lost by the want of such a
record ! Surely no parent can think this & (4th S. ii. 262 et antea.)
“ trouble." But, it seems, he registered his I am very glad to find that the subject of parish child's birth, without giving a (Christian) name. registers is now receiving attention, and trust that This the law allows; but as it also allows six by the persevering efforts of “N. & Q.,” Parlia weeks after the birth for gratuitous registration, ment may ere long he induced, not only to pro I find that in almost all instances the name is devide for the safe custody of existing books, but to cided upon before the registration takes place. provide the clergy with persons better qualified to Still it sometimes happens that no (Christian) make the entries correctly than they have proved name appears in the first entry. But here the themselves to be.
law provides a remedy, as is shown by G. W. M. As a superintendent registrar, I have to receive himself. After baptism, the name may be inevery quarter from the incumbents of the several serted; but any request to add anything to the parishes in my district copies of the marriage register, as required by G. W. M., would have entries for the preceding quarter; and sad it is to subjected the registrar to severe punishment, and see the little attention that men of education (as rightly. I will only ask, in conclusion, why, if our clergy are) bestow on the plainest requisites. after discussion (no doubt with his better half) They have had to fill up forms, but even those G. W. M. was able to decide upon a name next * In Robert Duke of Albany's Charter, immediately |
day, he could not have had the discussion” on following, are added here the words “ in pace et guerra."
in the day before, and thus saved all parties much Its terms are otherwise the same.
“ trouble"? "A SUPERINTENDENT REGISTRAR.