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THE NEW YORK
PUBLIC LIBRARY

2426 07

ASTOR, LENOX AND.
TILDEN FOU:DATIO:: .

1991

LONDON:
Printed by William Clowes and Sons,

Stamford Street.

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CHAP. I.)

CIVIL AND MILITARY TRANSACTIONS.

281

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FTER the death of must have sunk as he saw the prison chosen for Richard, the person him by the new king, the walls of which had so that gave most un- recently heard (as was generally believed) the easiness to the con- dying moans of his two cousins. At Sheriff-Hutqueror of Bosworth ton Edward Plantagenet had for a short time a Field was Edward fellow prisoner, if not a companion, in the Princess Plantagenet, Earl of Elizabeth, who had been sent thither by her uncle Warwick, son and Richard soon after the failure of his scheme for heir to the late Duke marrying her.* This lady, not long after Edward of Clarence, who for Plantagenet's removal to the Tower, was brought some time had been up to London “ with a numerous attendance as kept a prisoner in well of noblemen as honourable matrons,” and was the manor-house of there lodged with her mother, the queen dowager,

Sheriff - Hutton, in Elizabeth Woodville, who was quite ready to take Yorkshire, by the jealous fears of his uncle Rich- another turn, and adapt herself to any circumard. This unfortunate boy was indisputably the stances, if they held out a prospect of gratifying next heir of the House of York after the Princess her ambition. Elizabeth ; he had even at one time been treated From Leicester Henry travelled by easy jourby his uncle Richard III. as heir apparent; and neys towards the capital. The “ rustical people” as he was already in his fifteenth year, he was not on every side of the way assembled in vast numlikely to be overlooked by Henry, who had “the bers, and with great joy clapped their hands and ingenious forecast of the subtle serpent.” Before shouted, “ King Henry! king Henry!” and when leaving Leicester, he sent Sir Robert Willoughby he approached the city on the 27th of August, five to remove the captive from Sheriff-Hutton to Lon- days after the battle of Bosworth Field, the mayor, don, where the young prince,“ born to perpetual aldermen, and companies, all clad in violet, met calamity, was incontinent in the Tower of London him at Hornsey Wood, and, with great pomp, conput under safe and sure custody."* His heart veyed him through the city to St. Paul's church,

• Hall. VOL. II.

2o

• See ante, p. 128.

where he offered his three standards on the high that, beside the great number which deceased altar,-one, an image of St. George; the second, a within the city of London, two mayors successively red dragon; the third, a dun-cow; and after died of the same disease within eight days, and six prayers said and Te Deum sung, he departed to aldermen also."* We are not told that this visithe bishop's palace, and there sojourned a season; tation, so inauspicious at the beginning of a new during which time plays, pastimes, and pleasures reign and dynasty, was held to be a judgment, were showed in every part of the city. These though it may have been so considered by some of profane amusements were interspersed with re- the losing party, who had no historians. When ligious pageants: immense processions were or- the malady abated, Henry prepared for his coronadered to express the hearty and humble thanks of tion. On the eve of St. Simon and Jude he rode the people, who, it was said (rather prematurely), from Kennington unto Lambeth, and there dined

, had been restored to liberty and freedom. The with Thomas Bourchier, Cardinal-Archbishop of concourse of people in the capital and their con- Canterbury; and after dinner, with a goodly comstant meeting in great crowds appears to have pany of lords, both spiritual and temporal, he spread a disease which had been for some time went by land towards London, his nobles riding, raging with less violence in the provinces.f The “after the guise of France, upon small hackneys,

sweating sickness," as it was called from one of two and two upon a horse;" and, at London-bridge its symptoms, is not easy of description ; but it end, he was met and welcomed by John Warde, was an epidemic that committed great ravages, and the new mayor, with his brethren and the crafts. which, like the plague, generally proved fatal The king took up his lodging in the Tower. There, within a very short time. It began in London on the following day, the 28th of October, he made about the 21st of September and continued till the a number of promotions. His uncle Jasper, Earl end of October. According to one old writer, it of Pembroke, was made Duke of Bedford; the was a new kind of sickness coming suddenly Lord Stanley, who had put the crown upon his through the whole realm, and brie very fatal to head on Bosworth Field, was made Earl of Derby ; lord mayors and aldermen, probably, we should and Sir Edward Courtenay was raised to the rank say, because these functionaries were much ex- of Earl of Devonshire. Sir Gilbert Talbot, Sir posed during the celebrations we have mentioned : John Cheney, Sir Humphrey Stanley, with nine

that of all them that sickenied there was not others, were created knights bannerets. On the one amongst an hundred that escaped, insomuch 30th of October Henry was, with all ceremonies • Hall.–Stow. Henry entered London in a clumsy, close car

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accustomed, anointed and crowned king, by Bourriage, carefully shut up so as to conceal his person. The Londoners, chier, the cardinal-archbishop who, little more who had always been accustomed to see their kings ride on horse. back, thought this a very bad sign.

than two years before, had performed the same + It will be remembered that Stanley excused his non-attendance ceremonies for Richard. It was declared now, as on King Richard by saying that he was laid up with the sweating sickness.-See ante, p. 129.

• Hall,

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