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is observable, that the heroines thus up and down in silence with his handa equipped, in consequence of wearing behind him. At the conclusion of their thin coat of mail, or rather coat each pirce, the work was criticised by of paint, are assailed with greater ar- the latter, though not with the same dour by their opponents."
severity as is customary among the This sketch is followed by “Cha critical corps in the world at large." racteristics and Anecdotes of the p. 35, 36. fashionable world"---viz, The Noble After mentioning another exercise, Coachman.- The Philosophic Cox- Kotzebue proceeds to relate the his. comb.-The Female Masquerader.- tory of his first production in this The Ambitious Lady:-The Pink of school, as follows: Nobility. The Magnanimous Che- “ At that time ballads were much valier :-and these are followed by the rage. The Almanacks swarmed “The Temple of Modern Philoso- with terrific legends of knights and phy, a Vision."
ghosts, which, as tales of horror, could Political Quackery, (which contains not fail of exciting my warmrest admia gentle Satire on the late Minister ration; nor was it ünnatural in my and his friends.)- Dramatic Quack- ardout of authorship, that I should be ery-and Literary Quackery, each oc- inspired with a secret ambition of ri cupy a few pages, and conclude the valling them. I therefore composed a volume.
ballad in the very highest flights of the ruling taste, a part of which I have
still among my papers. It contained LXXIV. SKETCH OF THE LIFE AND murder ; a ghost appeared preaching
a sumptuous banquet, and a horrible LITERARY CAREER OF Avgus. repentance, and the obdurate sinner Tus l'on Ko'r ZEBUE; with the
was at length carried away by the de: Yournal of his Tour to Paris, at the vil. The versification was, however, close of the Year 1790. Written by easy and correct." himself. Translated from the Ger. In this event we see the first openman, by ANNE PLUMTRE. To which ing of that eccentric genius which has is subjoined, An Appendix, including so delightfully terrified almost all Eua general Abstract of Kotzebue's
rope. Works; with a Portrait by Holl.
"On the following Saturday, 1
scarcely knew how to wait for the ap. "HIS sketch informs tis, that at an pointed hour, before I produced tlis
a passionate fondness for theatrical arrived-my heart palpitated-1 as. amusements, and when very young, cended the rostrum, and read my pero while a scholar at the Gymnasium at formance with a tremulous voiceWeimar, notices a custom, which but how did my eyes sparkle, how gave him an opportunity of exercising did my bosumn swell with transport
, his poetical genius : * Av bour in
when at the conclusion Musæus said, every week was devoted to poetry, Oh words never to be forgotten! and as this was on a Saturday, I always looked forward to that day with par:
• Good! very good !--from what Alticular delight. The forms observed ceive, reader, if thou canst—but no.
'manack did you borrow it?'-Conon these occasions were thus regu- 'tis impossible to conceive with what lated : "At the appointed time Musæus writing.'
exultation I answered, "It is my own came among the class, and enquired "Ludeed!' said Musæus, Well whether any scholar had a portical well, bravo! go on!'- I was almost composition of his own to produce, beside myself, and would not hare for this was very properly a perfectly parted with the feelings of that
mos youth. Yet he scarcely-ever failed cheeks glowing with delight, I return; of tinding some bashful wooer of the ed to my seat, and as I observed that muses, who with dowocast eyes signi- the eyes of all my school-fellows were fied that they had been taking a can- fixed upon me, I concealed my face ter upon Pegasus. The rostrum was immediately resigned to the juvenile cloak which all the scholars were
with ostentatious modesty, in the blue poet, who ascended it and read his obliged to wear. production, while the master walked
"From that moment, I considered
myself as really a poet. Musæus had which we have this remark: “Satire said Bravo! Músæus could think is like the sting of a bee; the stinger that the ballad was taken from an Al thinks no more of it after it be past, manack-a species of publication for but he leaves his weapon behind, which at that time I entertained a which rankles probably for ever withvery high respect—who then could in the breast of the wounded person." question my claim to be considered as p. 64. a son of the Muses?--I had now pro- Kotzebue went to Petersburgh in ceeded in my career, and against every the autumn of 1751, and on account Saturday composed something new, of the nature of his engagement, re, but as it appeared to me that nothing solved to relinquish his favourite pur. could possibly equal my ballad, I con- suit of writing; but his friend Genetentedly reposed under my laurels
, ral Bawr, meeting with a collection of only gratifying my childish vanity by tales he had published, “and enquirziwas carrying the beloved babe in ing particulars respecting the author, muy pocket, that no opportunity of learned, to his no small surprize, that spreading its fame might be lost by its it was the same Kotzebue who then not being at hand when I met with Jaboured under bim, at a very ditiersuy one so good-natured as to request ent species of employment." This the perusal of it.
work procuring the author applause, "Jappily for me, Musæus under- blew the embers, still smothering in stood as well how to check conceit, as his bosoni, again into a blaze: and it to encourage genius. Some months is added, by degrees, he again devoted aiter, when the time was approaching his leisure hours, which were but few, at which both tutors and pupils were to his old literary pursuits. to make an exhibition of iheir talents As it is probable that the following as a public examination before a nu- performance drew upon Kotzebue merous audience, Muspus wishing the the anger of the Emperor Paul, and examiners to be presented with some produced his exile afterwards into sisprcimens of the scholars' progress in beria, though no notice is here taken composition, desired those whom he of that circumstance, we shall present thouglit capable of it, to rucite poems it to our readers. of their own writing. When it came “I wrote," says Kotzebue, “a tra. to my turn, and he asked me what! gedy, in five acts, called Demetrius, should produce upon the occasion, I Tzar of Moscov, taken from the wellanswered, without hesitation, and known story of the true or false De. with perfect self-satisfaction, my metrius, who, according to report, ballad.'
was murdered a child at L'gliisch; ". Your ballad,' he replied, “what but who afterwards appeared, sup: • hallad:
ported by the Poles, and dethroned * The same that Mr. Professor was the traitor Boris Godwnow. The pleased to commend so highly some world needs not now to be informed, months ago,' I returned with a conti- that the best historians are divided dence and self-sufficiency that Mr. upon the question, whether or not Proles or could not endure.
this Demetrius was an impostor! A ***P-lia w!! he replied, away with strong prejudice was at last awakened the silly thing which I had long ago io his favour, irgin the woman, who "forgotien. No, no, pray let us have was undoubled mother to the child - something new, something worth supposed to have been murdered, bearing.'
bursting into an agony of tears, in the "I was thunderstruck, the mighiy midst of a numerous assembly of the fabric of vanity erected in my bosom people, at beholding the adventurer, was overthrown in an instant, and as he was called, and with the wildest Shame stood weeping over the ruins. etlusions of joy acknowledging him What was to be done : -I must cast as her son, It is, however, alas! but off the laurel-wreath beneath which I tov certain, that policy has often enhad so long contentedly slumbered, gaged even inaternal tenderness in its and which now I first discovered to be interest, and those tears might not withered, and endeavour to deserve improbably be artificially shed by a fresh crown." p.37–10.
Maria Feodorowna, from hatred to In noticing his juvenile productions, the usurper, and a desire of revenging Mr. K. obrervei, he had always an herself by contributing in any way to unfortunate propensity to satire, on his downfall. Be this as it may, I did not like, in my capacity of tragedian, fection and the genial warmth of to produce an impostor as the hero of friendship, eren this miserable counmy piece, and accordingly I supporto try was transformed into a paradise. ed his being really the dethroned * Ye worthy! ye excellent people, prince.
among whom I then lived ! in your " When my drama was completed, circle I learned, that mortal man may I read it to a small but chosen circle. be far happier in such a spot, though The then Prussian ambassador at the surrounded by the growling of bears, Russian court, and the president of and the howlings of wolves, than in the academy of arts and sciences at the midst of polished. society, enviPetersburgh, men of acknowledged roned by the bonied tongues of hypoand distinguished taste in literature, crites and flatterers. Your forests were among my audience. The piece were inhabited by beasts of prey, but was approved, probably more from calumny dwelt not in their dens; the indulgence of my hearers than frogs and toads croaked in your mofrom its own merit. Such, at least, is rasses, but envy had not reared her the impression I now have upon the altar in the midst of them. The lime. subject, as I should by no means trees indeed assumed not their lovely venture at present to bring it on the verdure till the spring was far adstage. General Bawr ordered it to vanced, and the roses were even more be immediately perforined, and very tardy in unfolding their sweets, but splendid dresses and decorations, at- innocence and joy were perennial ter the old Russian costume, were pre- plants in your gardens. The soil was pared for it.
sparing of its fruits, but benevolence “As the Tzarina had consigned the needs not abundance! a groschen is a entire management of the theatre to rich present when moistened with the Bawr, he thought his own fiat suffici- tear of sympathy, and a louis d'or has ent, and that it was unnecessary to no value without it. O feeting time! lay the manuscript before the theatri- scatter if thou wilt, the rest of these cal censor. But this piece of negli. pages to the winds of heaven, only let gence nearly proved the overthrow of ihis one-this on which I inscribe the all my transports. As the intended nanies of Frederick and Sophia Heday of representation approached and lena Rose let this one remain unhad been announced in the public touched ! for thou wouldst snatch it prints, the Governor of the Police sent from the altar of virtue and affection, one morning to the theatre prohibit- on which I place it as an offering of ing the performance. It appeared, gratitude.” p. 87, 88. that Peter the Great had issued an This sketch now relates our Auukase, expressly declaring Demetrius thor's travels through a part of Geran impostor; and this being still in many, in the year 1785, and closes force, was more incontestible evidence with the death of his first wife. against him, than the tears of his mo- As tliis event forms a prominent ther were in his favour. In rain did feature in our Author's history, and I urge, that I was wholly ignorant of gives his true character, we hope to the existence of such an ukase : it be forgiven departing from the strict was still asked, how I dared, in the line of our pian, in offering an observery face of an Imperial decree, to vation or two upon it. We wish to present my hero to the public, under insinuate nothing against the sincer ty the title of Tzar of Moscow?" p. 79— of Mr. K's gries, we rather lament
that it was excessive, But it did not The play was however performed, produce that sympathy which hovers on the condition of Kotzebue making, round the dying pillow, and wipes the in his person, a solemn declaration chilly dew of death-10; he fled the that he was tirinly convinced of De, house, and immediately as he heard metrius's imposture, and in represent- of her decease, the country, without ing the matter otherwise in his play, waiting to drop a tear upon her corps. had only been guilty of a poetical li- Is not this a specimen oi that modern cence.
sensibility which defeats itsell, and Kotzebue passed some time at Re. while it pretends to extraordinary atval, and visited “the dismal and tachment, forsakes a dying friend im dreary environs of Kiekel, abounding his extremity? Is it not a proof also with forests and niorasses. Yet, of the want of sufficient firmness-or through the enchanting smiles of af- rather a want of those Christian prin
ciples which alone can support the hand, it was the well known signal mind in the prospect of this solemn that my sufferings were abated-thy erent-which can enable one to work was laid aside, and I no longer "talk with threatening death, and not thought only of myself, walked only • tura pale !'
by myself, but arm in arm we paced Aurd whither does he fly? Not to the room together-then one kiss, and the solitary grove, like a poet to tell all was forgotten. his sorrows to the winds-inuch less, “ Happy and cheerful, I laid mylike the Christian to his chamber, to self down upon the sopha—the more hould converse with his God--but to happy for being alove with thee ; for Paris-the centre of vice and of folly, never then did I find the time pass to drown together in the ocean of dis- heavily. Perhaps thou didst take a sipation, the feelings of a husband, book, and read to me, or went to the and the reflections of a man.
harpsichord while I accompanied thee But to return to our Author's narra. with my flute.-Ye blissful hours, netire. In the route from Weimar tó ver, never can ye be repeated !-Oh, Paris, a brief account is given of the we were so all-sufficient to each other, places through which he passed, with that every thing else appeared superthe mode of iravelling and the accom- fuous to us. If sometimes we fancied inodations upon the road, which are we might tind amusement at a ball, or represented as very disagreeable and some other diversion, and went thibad. The description of Paris is by ther, the moment the clock struck no means inviting, but disgusting. As ten, my Frederica came to me or I Kotzebue fled to dissipaie his grief, went to her, • My love, shall we not and knew no better source of consola- go home 'Oh, yes,' was the contion, he constantly visited the places stant answer, and ibe first words as of amusement, and he gives an ac- we entered our own house, were count of the entertaininents, and a • Thank God, we are at home again'." sketch of most of the pieces he saw p.315-317. represented at the theatres.
During his stay, he was taken so ill one morning as to be incapable of going abroad, at which time he recol- LXXV. British MONACHISM : 0 lects bis former happiness, and thus Manners and Customs of the Monks addresses his deceased wife :
and Nuns of England. By THOMAS " Oh my Frederica! bow unjust DUDLEY FOSBROOKE, M. A. was I towards fate when I so often F. A. S. To the second volume are adwanted to gather the roses that blos- ded, Emendations of Bishop Gibson's comed around me, without the thorns. Version of the Saxon Chronicle, and Even those hours of anguish when I the Triumphs of Vengeance, or, the have walked up and down the room, Count of Julian ; an Ode. racked and tortured with my malady, when I could not speak to any one, THIS work, which forms two 8vo. 10, not to thee, and could think of volumes, commences with a nothing but myself-even those hours brief account of monachism previous are charming to me in recollection, to the time of Edgar, and the second for then thou wert with me! Then part contains a detail of the custoins didst thou sit upon a corner of the so- of Benedictine monachism from the pha in silence, with thy work in thy reign of Edgar to the dissolution. At hands, from which thou didst somes the end of this part are two tables, times take a stolen glance towards containing the three Augustinian me, yel cautiously avoiding to wipe a rules, with a description of the differtear from thine eyes, unless when my ent orders adapted to them : and the back was turned. Thus sometimes rules of the orders which obtained in have we passed whole hours. Yet, England. while all that was mortal about me Part II. Describes the inonastic was in agony, my soul could still feel officers. the highest enjoyment in the serene The abbot ranks first in order and transports of domestic happiness. dignity: the form of his election and
* But when these corporeal feelings the ceremonies used upon taking this subsided, the spiritual obtained the office upon him, are here enuinerated, complete ascendancy, what then were with the honours and privileges thereto our mutual ecstasies i I gave thee my annexed.
“ Besides parliamentary honours, You're a man of good habits and they were sponsors to the children of give good advice,' the blood-rigal. Bells were rung in The abbot replies--they return'd in a honour of them when they passed by trice, churches belonging to them. They And then without flinching stuck to it rode with hawks on their fists, on amain, mules with gilded bridles, saddles,and Till out of their eyes ran the liquor cloths of blood colour, and with im. · again.
F. mense retinues. The noble children,
Vol. I. p. 119-121. whom they educated in their private families, served them as pages. They Among many instances of pride, stiled themselves by divine permis- covetousness, and lewdness practised *sion,' or the grace of God, and by the superior orders of mouks detheir subscription was their surnames, tected by the inquirende of Heary and name of the house. They asso- VIII. we select the following note. ciated with people of the first distinc. “ But above all was the prior of tion, and shared the same pleasures Maiden Bradley: Richard Layton with thein, being accustomed to visit says, • Whereat is an holy father pri. and dine with them. The abbot of or, and hath but vi. children, and St. Albans risually sat alone at the but one dawghter marriede, yet of middle of the table of the great hall, the goods of the monasterie trysting where he was served in plate; and shortly to marry the rest. His sous when any nobleman or ambassador, be tall men waytting upon him, and or strangers of eminent quality, came he, thank God, a none meddler with thither, they sat at his table towards marritt women, but all with maidens the end of it
. Like the nobility too, the fairest cowlde be gottyn. The they had their privy councils of cer- Pope consideryng bis frailtie, gave tain monks."
hyin lycens to kepe an bore, and hath In a note from the Brit. Topog. ii
. goode' writyng, sub plumbo, to dis461.-In V. S. Harl. 913. fol. 8-10, charge his conscience.” p. 128. " is a song made against the luxurious The last monastic oficer noticed is abbit and prior of Gloucester, in vile the confessor of the nuns, and the Latin,” which is thus rendered into forin of confession is thus described. English.
“ Among the nuns of Sempringham,
as soon as the consessor came, bis ar“ The abbot and prior of Gloucester, rival was announced. If the prioress and suite,
then found it necessary that auy one Were lately invited to share a good should confess, she was lold to go to treal;
the place of consession. When the The first seat took the abbot, the prior confession was made in the house, hard by,
two discreet sisters sat apart from the With the rag, tag, and bobtail below window to see how the nun confesswas poorl.
ing behaved. The confessor too, was [For] wine (for the abbot and prior to shun talking vain and unnecessary they call]
things; nor ask who she was, whence To us poor devils nothing, but to the she came, and such things; nor to talk 19 rich all.
her about who he was, and whence he The blustering abbot drinks health to came. His behaviour too, was also to the prior,
be watched. No other obedience Give wine to my lordship, who am of was due to him than that of confus. rank higher;
sion. If people below us but wisely behave, “ The Brigettine nun was to confess They are sure from so doing advan: at a latticed window, so as to be heard tage to have ;
but not seen. We'll have all, and leave sought for " It was the opinion of those aras, our brothers to take,
that the office of a confessor and For which shocking complaints in the preacher was that of a midwife, whose chapter they'll make.
duty it was entirely to eradicate sin Says the prior, "My lord, let's be from the heart, that it might afterjogging away,
wards bring forth a new man; but * And to keep up appearances, now the confessors of nuns often attended 'go and pray;"
only to the latter part of the injunc