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essay will be profitable to all classes of way, the estimate which men made of of our readers.)

his labours in his study, he says,

• he makes a sermon on the Saturday, he gets ON PAROCHIAL VISITATIONS. into his study; he walks from end to MESSRS. EDITOR6,—As most of you to end, he scribbles on a scrap of

paare clergymen, I think I can rely on per, he throws it away and scribbles you to publish the few remarks I send on another, he takes snuff, he sits you, on a department of ministerial down, scribbles again, walks about.' duty, which, I believe, clergymen in The man cannot see that here is an exgeneral discharge with less satisfaction haustion of the spirit, which, at night, to their people, than most others con- will leave me worn to the extremity of nected with their office-I mean paro- endurance. He cannot see the nume chial visitations. I believe there are berless efforts of mind, which are cross., few clergymen, even among the most ed, and stifled, and recoil on the spirits ; conscientious, who are not often pained like the fruitless efforts of a traveller to at heart by the complaints, and almost get firm footing among the ashes on the the reproaches of their people, for not steep sides of Mount Ætna.” visiting so much as they ought. These Were these labours less than they expostulations are meant, no doubt, in are, we should not so often have to kindness ; but when the poor pastor read the inelancholy tale of promising finds himself accused at every door, young men cut down in the begioning of being a great stranger," of " hav- of a career of useful exertion; of their ing forgotten them," of "not having falling martyrs to the pursuit of knowcalled for a great while,” the repeti- ledge, and eminent usefulness in their tion of the charge, with the consequent profession. But they are labours, of apologies, becomes burdensome in the which the major part of a congregation extreme; the pleasure, as well as profit, can be supposed to know little or noof parocbial visits is greatly diminish- thing. They are unseen, they are not ed, and it requires a considerable fully taken into account; and thereshare of Christian philosophy to per- fore plead little in excuse for the minisform them with a good grace.

ter's not being so much with his peoFew laymen, I presume, are accu. ple as they think he might. rately acquainted with the extent of Besides, the man has, perhaps, from duties imposed on a clergy man, who fifty to one hundred and fifty families has the charge of an extensive parish. on his list of parishioners, each of They acknowledge, perhaps, that he whom has equal claims on his attenhas considerable to do; but take him, tion. Now, it might reasonably be on the whole, to be a man of much lei- claimed as a piece of justice towards sure. Of the exbausting and debilitating him, that his people should take the effects of prolonged study in the com- trouble to compute how many times position of sermons, they can, of course, in the year he can make the enknow but little. They have no suspi- tire circuit in his visitings, allowing cion that the feelings of the labourer, at the same time for those multiplied who retreats tired to his dwelling, when special calls of duty which must be athis day's work is done, are enviable tended to. They should remember feelings, when compared with those of also, that, whether indisposed or in the student, worn down, and shattered, health ; with buoyant spirits, or with and debilitated to the last degree, by spirits worn down with anxiety and the fatigues which usually follow a mental labour, he is expected to be at course of mental exertion. “Men err his post on a Sunday, prepared to give in nothing,” says Cecil,“ more than in his customary discourses, whether they the estimate which they make of hu. are there to hear bim or not. If he has man labour." Describing, in his lively spent his - week, or åny considerable

part of it, in visiting, his people may be converse with them so little, as watch. gratified by it, but his sermons will men over their souls. The pastors of neither be very profound nor edifying. the foreign protestants outdo us greatly

There can be no doubt but that the in this respect, and are honoured in members of a congregation are pleased proportion. The Romish priests have with the attention of a beloved pastor; their laity under their hands, on one and the desire of rendering himself use. account or another, almost continually, ful, as well as the pleasure of a pasto- and acquire by it an absolute dominion ral intercourse with his people, will, over them. Both the old dissenters at all times, be a sufficient inducement from our church, and those who are to visit them as often as his other duties now forming new separations, gain and will permit. The people ought to be preserve a surprising influence among persuaded of this ; nor can they, in their followers, by personal religious justice, constitute themselves judges of intercourse. Why should not we learn what he can perform in the way of from them?" visiting, without prejudice to the other By stating this part of the clergy. departments of his duty. “The lips man's duty, I hope I shall clear myself of the priest should keep knowledge ; of the suspicion of pleading the cause for the people seek the law at his of an indolent minister, who thinks be mouth.” He cannot be expected to rise has nothing more to do than to appear even to mediocrity in his profession, in his pulpit at the stated hours of serwithout giving a considerable portion of vice. I have merely wished to suggest his time to study; and so long as the peo- to a class of your readers, the variety ple are persuaded that he is labouring and extent of a clergyman's engage. for their good, they ought to be will. ments; and that, although he may be ing to relinquish the pleasure of seeing prevented from holding as much perhim more frequently at their houses, sonal intercourse with his people as than is consistent with the successful both he and they could desire, he may prosecution of bis studies.

still be watching for their souls with all On the other hand, the advantages the painful solicitude of one who feels of personal intercourse with his people that he must give an account. are so great, that he will seize every opportunity of enforcing in private what has been delivered from the pul.

For the Gospel Advocate. pit, and “ testify from house to house, repentance towards God, and faith in Translated from the original German of the Lord Jesus Christ.” He “ will

Klopstock. not cease to warn every one, day and

(Continued from p. 195.) night,” but “ be instant season, and

BOOK I. out of season;" at stated times, and wben opportunities of doing good oc- ceive the Saviour awaking at the break of

Argument. The souls of the blessed percur; not forcing advice upon persons day, and salute him with songs of holiness. when it is more likely to do harm than Jesus hears from Raphael, John's guardian good, but watching for the mollia tem- angel, that this disciple is engaged in behold. pora fandi, the happy occasions of ing a man possessed by satan. He goes and

finds Samina (for so he is called) ready to be speaking and admonishing with effect. destroyed by the fiend, enrag'd at his ap, “A chief reason”-says the admirable proach. Jesus replies nothing to the proud Secker, whose two last charges to the speech of the arch enemy, but the latter is clergy of the diocese of Canterbury, compelled to fly before him. Samma is ought to lie on the table of every minis- freed from his pangs, and John remains alone terma chief reason, why we have so his hell; relates what he has seen ; and de

with Jesus among the tombs. Satan seeks little hold on our people is, that we termining on the death of the Saviour, in a

DIAKONOS.

EXTRACT FROM THE MESSIAR.

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speech to his subjects, is opposed by Abba- Of virtue, now defaced lie, no storm dopa, a fallen angel. Satan is unable to No desolating angel will'd to save ; reply from rage, but Adramelech answers for Thou art e'er lost. But humble Bethlehem, him and approves of every thing the fiend 'Twas mid thy walls the sacred mother bore has said, as likewise all the counsel of hell. him, Satan and Adramelech seek the earth to put Thou art mine Eden; David's holy fount their designs into execution, and Abbadona Shall soft for Eva flow, as the springs wbere follows at a distance. He sees at the gates

first of hell another, Abdiel, a good angel, and his She saw herself eternal. Lowly shed, former friend. He speaks sorrowfully to From whence his plaintive cry first issued bim; but the other will not look upon him. forth, Abbadona then goes through the gate, and O be to her the bowers of innocence. at the entrance of the world laments his Had'st thou, O Godly one, first clasped me lost heaven, and doubts of ever being pardon- Mid Eden's bowers, when that dread deed ed. After some time he attempts to anni

was o'er hilate himself, but in vain. Satan and Adra- of fatal disobedience, I had gone melech, in the mean time, full of rage and With thee to where the God of terrours malice, approach the Mount of Olives.

stood;

To where beneath bim Eden yawned a tomb, Now had the morn above the cedars beam'd And that forbidden tree of knowledge wav'd And Jesus rose, and those within the sun So awfully behind; where voices spake Saw him, and straight two heav'n-born spirits The curse that thunders hail'd, those words sang,

of might Adam and gentle Era, raptur'd thus. At which I sunk to earth; and sunk to die.

O then amid those terrours close embrac'd Adam.

I would have held the Saviour and ex« Loveliest of days, 0 hail : hallow'd be thou claim'd : Before each future day ; amid the train Father of heaven have mercy; still thy Of thy companions, thou art loveliest.

wrath! When thou returns't, the blessed souls of men Lotbine own Son against thy breast reclines. And seraphs shall salute from east to west. Descendest thou to earth, the heavens shall

Adam. sound

Hallow'd art thou and praiseworthy, O God; With orions loud pealed ; seek'st thou God Thou, who hast given thine own immortal Son Amid his sanctuary with thy beams, From thy blest image form'd to save the There, too, shall hallelujahs mount sublime

race, And find thee there. Tail thou ne'er dying The tear-doom'd race of Adam! God hath day

heard That to our sight the Christ discoverest, My sighs; and seraphs and the souls above Earth's meek Messias ip his lowliness : of those that sleep among my sons have O Saviour, loveliest in thy mortal garb

view'd Of Adam's race, how on thy front reveald My grief o'erfurrow'd cheeks. Were't not Stands Godliness; and shows thee as thou

for thee, art.

Balmy Messias, I had yet complain’d

Amid my still repose : but thy mild love Eve.

Hath pitied, shelter'd; and thy saving hand, Holy art thou that hast Messias borne ; O Christ, has learnt the sorrower blessedHolier than Eva, mother of mankind; Her sons are sinners countless, all alas; And now, O Mediator, deignest thou But thou hast brought to life a guileless To wear the form of man condemn'd to power,

dust. A meek Redeemer; he, the Son of God, Praises be to thee, Saviour, finish soon Whum no creator form’d, was born of thee. Thy sacrifice of mercies ; and renew 'Tis now, O earth, I fix my wandering look That earth for which thou hast not once dis. With tenderness on thee, for deep liest thou dain'd Sweet paradise amid th’ o'erflowing waves To leave the skies: save, save thy natal Of that dread deluge, and I ne'er may see earth, thee.

Thine and thy creatures'; then re-seek the Thy tall and shady cedars, by the hand

hearen Of God's-self planted, and thy peaceful And hear thy gentle mercies hail'd around : haunts

God.man, Redeemer ! 33

ADVOCATE, VOL. II.

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tal ear.

Thus spoke the voices of the souls throughout Thus he; and slow the prophets' tombs apThe vault with rays o'erspread, while far

proachi'd : below

'Mongst mountains, ever cover'd with the Messias heard thein ; so do hermits hear,

veil In thoughts on future wrapp'd amid the calm Of midnight, are they hewn from out a pile Of their own solitudes, the wandering voice of rocks, which chaos-like together lie, Of earth's Creator; even so did Christ, Thick dark’ning groves the entrance e'er Hearing the far-tun'd sounds, ascend the forbid mount.

To the imaz'd wanderer ; a gloomy morn Full in the middle of the Olive hill

There but begios to reign when mid-day's Stood loftiest palms, on green mounds rais'd,

beams each dew'd

Spread o'er Jerusalem: ev'n then no light With morning's spangled mists ; their shades of sun congenial cheers those rocks within

, beneath

And nought save damp cold breezes issue Messias heard the voice of him, who watch'd

forth. In spirit guise around the soul of John ; 'Twas there beside his youngest infant's grare Raphael his name. And gales soft flitting Feeble and senseless Samma sat; for thus bore

Was the poor maniack callid. Satan had Towards Christ his speech, unheard by mor

This hour of quiet, only to prolong Raphael, the Saviour cried, with looks of With fresher agonies his torinent. Near, love,

With eyes that bitterly wept up to God, Come wander near me viewloss to mankind; Stood yet another son; and him, whom each And tell me, how hast thou inspir'd the soul Thus mourned, by a tend'rest mother late Of the belov'd disciple thro' the night? Among those graves was borre; for "was Are his thoughts like to thine, O Raphael?

toward So pure? so fervent? where doth he retreat? That scene of awe the fiend in hellish rage I have watch'd o'er him, cried the cherubim, Th’extenuated victim lov'd to drag. Like as an angel loves to guard what Christ Alas! my father, cried bis little son, His chosen calls, and hallow'd dreams contain The tender young Benoni, and escap'd His pious soul: dreams that were tent on From out the fearful mother's grasp; alas ! thee,

Father embrace me. As he spoke he pressid O! had'st thou seen him, midst his slumbers The hand paternal to bis heart. He felt it; start

The hapless sire and trembled. But, when To look upon the Saviour; had'st thou view'd mov'd How o'er bis front beam'd bright the smile By childhood's soft emotions strove the bog of spring!

That father to caress and smil'd in bliss, Oft has thy seraph look'd along the bowers Down 'gainst a rock sharp poiuted was he Of Eden, when the first one slept, and smil'd

dash'd To see the face of Eva in his dreams, By th’ unnatural hand, and o'er the stone Thinking upon th’Eternal; yet even he Burst forth the blood of innocence; the soul Seem'd scarcely then so lovely as thy John. Scap'd with slight sobs towards its native But sadly, now, he sits, where their dark heaven! shades

And now inconsolate he wail'] o'er bim The prophets' tombs throw forth; bemoaning Clasping with dying hands, of bis son's bones there

The cold reccptacle. Alas! my son, A wretch, who paler than the dead around, My murder'd son, he cried, and tears of wo And trembling awfully lies stretch'd, the prey Broke from an eye, that death had all but Of man's worst enemy. Shedding sost tears clos'd! Of pity and compassion, may'st thou see Thus lay he, as the Saviour drew anear. Close by him thy disciple. Ev'n mine eye Joel, the other son, had bid his face Dropt fást the kindly tear., I went; but still Glist’ning with tears, beyond the father's My soul is pierced at the ills of those

view. Thyself hast destin'd for eternity.

But, as he saw Messias reach those graves ; He ceas'd : Messias lock'd with wrath to- Father, he cried with joyful wonder, see, wards heaven

Jesus, the mighty prophet, comes among us! And spake ; O hear me, Father ; let the fiend The arch-fiend heard and trembling look'd Of man before thy justice-seat be brought,

amaz'd A sacrifice eternal, that the skies

From forth the op'ning of the vaulted tomb. May know with shouts of joy, and hell be. So the false prophet looks from cut his cave, hold

When the loud thunder breaks across the Beneath her depths, shameful and agoniz'd! heaven,

thine eye,

And vengeance rolls on clouds. Satan, till And wish'd to crush; yea, ev'n beneath

now, Had but tormented, from afar, his prey ; Almighty! But thou viewedst him, o Christ, And sent forth from the sepulchre remote And quickly bad'st the wings of mercy beat His slow, but fiendish tortures, now he rose, Thy creature, that he fell not. Satan knew, Aru'd with death's terrours, rushing on the And trembled at the coming Godhead. wretch.

Peace Samma sprung up, then senseless reeld to Beam'd from the front of Jesus, on the earth;

wretch, Yet soon, tho' struggling with the arm of That lay before him ; and reviving force death,

Glanc'd from him, as he look'd: ard Samma His feeble spirit made one effort more To escape the fiend ; and phrenzy led him Knew his Redeemer; and the tide afresh

Of life resought his agonized front. Toward a bcetling rock. The demon saw,

(To be coutinued.)

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RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE,

The thirty-eighth annual convention of the of 1820, but with defects, occasioned by protestant Episcopal church in the state oversight, which prevented the co-operation of Pennsylvania assembled in St. Peter's of so great a proportion of our communion, church, in the city of Philadelphia, on Tues as discouraged any effective proceedings on day the 7th, and was continued by adjourn- the part of the nominated trustees. The dement until Thursday the 9th of May, 1822. fects have been supplied ; sundry important The clergy of that diocese consist of the improvements have been added ; and the bishop, twenty-six presbyters, and four dea- whole organization having been matured with cons of the presbyters six are without care, and resolved on with general consent, cures, one is president of the college, and one it is to be hoped, that all the members of our a master of the grammar school, leaving communion will take an interest in carrying eighteen presbyters and four deacons, who the design into efiect.” have the cure of souls. The number of con Attached to the society for the advancegregations in Philadelphia county are 5— ment of Christianity in Pennsylvania, " is a Delaware county 4-Chester 3–Lancas- female tract society which continue their exter 4-Bucks 1-Montgomery 3--Berks ertions in publications, small in size, but emi1- Northampton 1- Northumberland 2– nently instructive." Columbia 2-Lycoming 1--Luzerne 1 The prayer-book society, in consequence Bradford l-Susquehannah 2-York 1- of gratuitous distributions beyond their means, Adams 1-Cumberland 1-Huntingdon 1 are obiiged to confine themselves to sell to Alleghany 1. Total in 19 counties, 36 con. subscribers at the least possible price; and gregations. Ten of the clergy were absent, by this economy hope to retrieve their affairs. and 23 congregations only were represented, "The Sunday school society," the bishop by 41 lay delegates.

observes, are pursuing the object for which Episcopal Acts.

they were associated. It should be underConfirmations in nine parishes

190 stood, that the object is distinct from that of Ordinations—Priest 1, Deacons 4

any Sunday school society formed for the Candidates admitted

1 giving of instruction. It is merely for the (and one transferred to the diocese of cheaper supplying of societies of the lat.

ter description, with elementary and other Churches consecrated

2 necessary books; and in this work they are The bishop expresses his satisfaction at likely to be useful.” the new organization of the general theologi The bishop recommends to the clergy to cal seminary, and the hope that there will consider the importance of the fund of the now be an undivided wish and endeavour to society for the widows and children of desupport an institution begun under such fa- ceased clergymen, and he very delicately

brings to the view of the convention " the deConcerning the plan of a general domestick sign of creating a fund for the support of a and foreign missionary society, matured at future bishop, so as to relieve him from the the meeting of the special general convention necessity of having a parochial cure." ļast autumn, he thus observes :

On the subject of the bible society, the "It had been proposed by the convention bishop thus remarks: " Although the bible

New York)

vourable prospects.

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