Obrazy na stronie

broad waters of the Atlantic. No; Chicago-the commercial ounces of alum with every sack of flour, in ignorance of the emporium of the entire Northwest-will, before many years, law. The wheat seized bad been imported from America. It be placed in as direct communication with Liverpool, Havre, was dark and sprouted ; and in order that the baker might and Glasgow, as New York now is. When this shall have make the bread rise and be able to “ draw the batch," it was been accomplished—when our railroads have reached the pecessary to mix a small quantity of alum with it. He had valleys of the Missouri, the Platte, the Big Sioux, and the been in the habit of selling the flour produced from this mixRed River of the North-then will the grain trade of Chicago ture as “ seconds,” and when it was made into bread his family begin to shape itself into a legitimate magnitude and im- bad been in the habit of cating it. The bench convicted deportance."

fendant in the penalty of £20 and costs. The following receipts of flour and grain, with the shipments for the four past years, will show the importance of this city as a primary grain port : 1854. 1855. 1856. 1857.

ENGLISH & FOREIGN CORN MEASURES, Wheat, bush.. 3,038,955 7,535,097 8,767,760 10,554,761 Corn 7,490,753 8,532,377 11,888,398 7,409,130


4,193,385 2,947,187 2,219,897 1,707,245 Rye

85,961 68,068 45,707 87,911 The English value corn by measure, the Irish by weight. Barley 201,764 301,805 128,457 127,689

The former use a measure called a quarter, containing 64 im

perial gallons; the latter use a weight called a barrel, which for Total .... 15,011,540 17,284,648 23,050,219 19,886,536

wheat contains 20 stones, for oats 14 stones, and for barley Flour into wheat 792,875 1,203,310 1,621,605 1,969,670 16 stones, each stone 14 lbs. It is manifest, therefore, that no

exact relation does exist between the English measure and the Total .. .. 15,804,423 20,487,953 24,674,824 21,856,206 Irish weight; a practical approximation, however, is obtained,

by weighing a quarter of wheat of medium character, which is The following is a table showing the shipments for the past actually found to be 480 lbs. avoirdupoia. Iu the same manfour years :

ner a quarter of medium oats is found to be 328 lbs. avoirdu

pois, and a quarter of medium barley 416 lbs. avoirdupois, Shipments of all kinds of Grain during the past Four Years. By this means we reduce an English quarter of wheat, oats, 1854. 1855. 1856. 1857.

or barley, to barrels of wheat of 20 stones to the barrel,

to barrels of oats of 14 stones to the barrel, and to barrels of Wheat, bush.. 2,206,725 6,208,155 8,337,420 9,485,052

barley of 16 stones to the barrel, respectively, as in the follow. Corn

6,837,899 7,517,625 11,129,668 6,814,615 ing table, in which quarters of wheat are turned into barrels of 3,229,987 1,899,538 1,014,547 416,778

wheat, quarters of oats into barrels of oats, and quarters of Rye 41,157 19,318


barley into barrels of barley :Barley 148,421 92,082 19,051

Oats ......


Eng. qr.

6 or



Total .... 12,364,185 15,816,718 20,501,276 16,734,438 of wheat, Wheat.


Barley. Flour into wheat 538,135 817,095 1,081,915 1,298,240 oats, or

barley. brl. st. Ib. brl. st. lb. brl. st. lb. Total .... 12,902,320 16,633,813 21,583,221 18,032,678 1 1 14 4 or


1 13 10

2 3 8 8 3 4 12 3 11 6 One thing only is wanted to crown Chicago as the

3 5 2 12 5 0 4

5 9 2 greatest port of America ; that is, a ship canal. What

4 6 17 2

9 10 7 6 12 are its merchants and traders about, that the project is 5 8 11 6

5 2 9 4 8 not undertaken? The St. Lawrence is the natural 6 10 5 10 10. 0 8 11 2 4 outlet to the world—a ship canal to the St. Lawrence 7 12 0 0 11 10 0 13 0 would complete the fortunes of all interested in the 8 13 14

5 6

13 10

9 15 8 8 15 0 welfare of Chicago. Is there no company to be formed

12 16 11 6

10 17 2 12 16 10 to carry out this work? By the Georgian : Bay and

18 9 2 100 171 8 8

4 12

167 Toronto is the best route. If this were accomplished



11 we could join the reviewer in asking—“What will its From an inspection of this table, it appears 7 quarters of future be?" and answer"What Nature by the com- Wheat are equal to 12 barrels of wheat, 7 quarters of oats to 11 manding position she gives Chicago has destined.” To barrels and 10 stone of oats, and 7 quarters of barley to 13 the north-west are the lovely valley of the Saskatchewan

barrels of barley. and the Red River of the north. Illinois, Iowa, and The French valne corn by the hectolitre, which is a measure Wisconsin are but new countries half developed ; while containing 2 bushels 3 pecks and 1 pint imperial measure. By Kansas, Nebraska, and Minesota have but yet com- this hectolitre corn is principally bought and sold on the Conmenced an existence. Ten years ago what were they? | tinent. Three hectolitres make 1 English quarter of corn, and Ten years hence what will they be? The completion of 2 gallons and 3 pints over. According to the principles bea ship-canal from Chicago to the St. Lawrence would fore enunciated, a hectolitre of medium wheat is equal to 11 answer both questions, and open to the old world a

stones and 12 lbs. avoirdupois, or to half a barrel 1 stone and greater and cheaper source of supply of human food

12 lbs. of wheat. A hectolitre of oats weighs 8 stone and 1 lb. than we can now even dream of, and that in a direct line avoirdupois

, and a hectolitre of barley weighs 10 stone and 4 lbs.

avoirdupois. By this means we reduce hectolitres of wheat, of transit from the producer to the consumer.

oats, or barley, to English quarters, into Irish barrels of wheat of 20 stones to the barrel, barrels of oats of 14 atones to the barrel, and barrels of barley of 16 stones to the barrel, as in

the following table :ADULTERATION OF FLOUR.--At the Castle of Exeter, Hecto

Wheat. Oats, Barley. on Friday, before a full bench of county magistrates, John litre, qr. bh. pk. pt. br. st. lb. br. st. lb. br. st. lb.

1 0 2 3 1 0 11 12 0 8 Manley, a miller of Erwick, near Exeter, was charged with

1 0 10 4 1 5 3 5 2 19

2 12 5

3 6 having mixed alum with his flour for the purposes of sole. A

10 3 3 2 10 5 18 9 5 10 10

6 12 large piece of alum, weighing a hundred pounds, and some

100 34 4 2 4 59

5 10 57 9 2 64 4 8 sprouted wheat and oats with small bits of alum in them, were produced. The latter had been seized wbilst in process Note.-A Scotch boll is equal to 6 bushels, therefore 4 of being ground into flour. The defendant pleaded guilty, Scotch bolls are equal to 3 English quarters.-Purdon's Irish but said that he had adopted the practice of mixing only six Farmers' and Gardeners' Almanac.


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However deoply we may feel for what has befallen fine a herd will be reared in France as must gradually the Emperor Napoleon, we cannot but rejuice that an lead to the general establishment of the breed. It all-wise Providence has so carefully watched over him, would be invidious to mention specially the name of and preserved to his country one, who has certainly dis. any particular breeder where all have co-operated so played no ordinary power or perception as the handsomely with Mr. Wilson in carrying out so useful governor of so great a people. So much has been an object-increasing the food of the people. The said and written on the late dastardly attack, stock going out will be located at the model-farms of that it scarcely comes within the pale of our duties St. Cloud and Versailles. They will be accompanied to enter further into this painful subject-beyond by Mr. Knowles, the agent of Captain Gunter. His the expression of our firm belief of there being convoy is thus registered: scarcely an Englishman who does not sympathise with

COWS AND HEIFERS. us in our joy at Napoleon's deliverence.

Venus .. Bought of Mr. R. Lawson Happily for ourselves and our readers, we can turn


Lord Hill to a more pleasing picture. When the Emperor and

Golden Drop..

Mr. Torr Empress paid a visit to our shores, and became the Elegant..

Sir C. Tempest guests of Queen Victoria, they were naturally enough Harp..

Viscount Hill made acquainted with the course of English farm- Syllabub

Mr. Fawkes

Alma.. ing, as practised not only on the Royal Farms at

Colonel Kingscote

Windsor, but also at Osborne, and where the most ap-

Viscount Hill

Mr. Torr proved agricultural implements and machinery

Ballet Dancer of this

country were
before them,

Sir C. Tempest
Queen Flower

Mr Torr and the finest specimens of stock also brought

Maid of Lorn

Mr. Fawkes specially under their notice. The Emperor of

Lady Geraldine.. Mr. Fawkes the French, with that ability which is admitted to


Mr. R. Lawson bc so characieristic of him, has now resolved to

Lady Amelia..

Mr. J. Wood apply himself to such course of proceeding,

Lady Anna

Mr. J. Wood as shall, in an agricultoral poirt of view, be The Brown Kerchief Mr. Fawkes most likcly to prove of the greatest advan- Ellen 3rd

Mr. J. Emmerson tage to his people. In furtherance of Janetta 4th

Mr. J. Robinson this object we have within this day or so had the op


Mr. J. Robinson
Winter Nelis

Mr. J. Robinson portunity of making an inspection of a fine collection

Camellia of Short-horns, selected with great care and judgment,

Mr. T. Chrisp
Sweet Vaentine

Mr. Torr by Mr. Wilson, who, as many of our readers are aware,

Summer Sun......

Mr. Torr has under his care the royal farms at Windsor. We


Colonel Towneley were gratified to learn that, in the purchase of this

Autumn Rose

Captain Gunter stock, together with some South Down Sheep from the


Lord Feversham Duke or Richmond and Mr. Jonas Webb, Mr. Wilson


Mr. Thompson has met with the greatest possible liberality on the

BULLS. part of breeders generally, and that every possible

Prince Alfred

Hired of Mr. R. Booth facility was afforded him in carrying out the instructions he had received from the Emperor. We trust

Master Butterfly 4th .. Colonel Towneley that the great national object sought to be attained

CALVES. herein may, for the benefit of France, be in this wise In addition, there are eight calves the produce of some of the fully accomplished, and that our neighbours may

cows mentioned above. ultimately possess themselves of a breed which cer. Prince Alfred has been used at the Home Farm, tainly takes the very highest rank in our own country. Windsor. Master Butterfly 4th is a son of the re

The stock now about leaving England has been in nowned Master Butterfly (sold for 1,200 guineas), and course of collection for some time past. It contains from a daughter of Colonel Towneley's celebrated cow, specimens from many of the most distinguished Beauty, the winner of the first prize at the Lincolo breeders, from whose sorts we doubt not ere long as Show of the Royal Agricultural Society.


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The steam-plough would appear to be nearer a and sent in a year since. His able summary or history realization than many might suppose. The Salisbury of the different processes for applying steam to the cultifailures are already forgotten, or satisfactorily ex- vation of the soil had consequently been very much antiplained. Mr. Smith, of Woolston, has now, it is said, cipated-amongst others, in our own columns. His upwards of thirty of his implements in use. Mr. suggestions for improving the most successful of these Fowler still continues to work by contract; while Mr. inventions shared much the same fate-as in the Romaine is in better heart than ever as to the suc. instance of Fowler's plough, they have already been cess of his scheme. The great test of such a process acted on. Nevertheless the paper will always have a is becoming practicably susceptible of an application. value, as the impartial summing up of one who unites There is to be economy in every possible way—a saving something of the mechanic's taste and skill with the of money, labour, and time. The work, too, is to education and the habits of the farmer. Mr. Clarke be better done, and the results proportionately greater. concluded by submitting a plan of his own. However Mr. Smith, Mr. Mechi, or Mr. Fowler will either of this may succeed, it shows the soundness of his deducthem testify to a quarter more per acre, where steam- tions that the very amendments he would propose have power has superseded that of horses. The improve- been adopted. Mr. Clarke could scarcely have desired ments of late have been, in fact, so striking, that we a higher compliment. are told to look upon the experiment as accomplished.

The discussion that ensued should have been one of Mr. Smith has sold his cart horses, and talks not only the most interesting of the season. The meeting emof what he himself, but what his “ brother farmers,' braced all the component parts for such a purpose. As are doing. Mr. Fowler is yet more decisive in his we expected, from the time fixed there was scarcely a dicta :-" as far as steam-ploughing was concerned, be tenant-farmer present, although many far better preconsidered his task done."

pared to speak to the point. There was Mr. Fowler to In a matter of this kind we look more especially to answer for bis plough, and Mr. Smith for his. There was “the latest intelligence;” and this certainly goes far Mr. Romaine to tell what he was doing, and Mr. Halkett to support Mr. Fowler in what he here asserts. His to declare what he wished to do. There was Mr. Boydell more recent trial at Stirling was unquestionably a to offer his aid; Messrs. Ransome and Howard to keep very triumphant one, backed as it was by the full the amateurs straight and fair; and Mr. Mechi to premium of the Highland Society. Mr. Smith, of prove what cart-horses cost, and steam-ploughing had Woolston, again, offers us proof of equally high cha- done. Unfortunately only three or four of these had a racter, although coming, perhaps fortunately, through hearing. The discussion opened with the reading of a less public channels. Gentlemen who have worked letter from Mr. Garrett, who "felt little improvement his plan, not for an hour or two on a show day, but on had been made in the art by any of the methods during their own farms and with their own men, volunteer the last two years,” and who consequently still inclined him testimonials of its practical efficiency.' Even be- to an undeveloped scheme of his own for a steam digyond this the two most famous of all our plough- ger! Then Mr. Mechi dwelt on the inarked superiority makers are directly concerned in this new branch of of ploughing by steam :-" There was a difference in business. The Ransomes have Mr. Fowler's inven- the crop of wheat of at least a quarter per acre in tion in their keeping ; and the Howards are manufac- its favour.” The excellence of Fowler's work, the turing Mr. Smith's implements.

inoney (upwards of ten thousand pounds) spent in perThere must be something in this; and both landlord secting Romaine's machine, and the advantage of forkand tenant may look to it a little closer than they digging, formed the chief features in the ex-sheriff's hitherto have done. Of course it would never do for å address. Mr. Ransome, also, bore testimony to the tenant to be engaging in every new speculation brought results of Fowler's method of ploughing; the supeout for his benefit, or in trying every experiment for riority of the spade to the plough, and the damage that of other people. We believe that, as far not only done by the horses' feet. He was followed in turn by as regards useful, but even promising discoveries, the a Mr. Newton, who declared himself “not a practical farmers have of late years quite done their share of the agriculturist,” and who did not appear to be a practigood work. It is a serious matter, however, to ask a cal mechanic. He might well have left the disman to give four or five hundred pounds for a piece of cussion to those so much better qualified to carry machinery, or to lay out five-and-twenty or thirty it on. Mr. Fowler “ventured to say the system pounds an acre in putting his land in order, before he he had introduced was a step in the right diis quite sure that either process may answer. This has rection. There could be no question that it was been the case with our agriculturists. They have not really a practical plan, inasmuch as it performed treated the many plans for ploughing by steam the ploughing at half the cost of horse-power, and the with neglect or indifference, but have simply waited for work was better done. Seven acres of sandy soil in something really practical and serviceable. It is only the neighbourhood of Ipswich, ploughed by steam, within the last few months that such a consummation had a yield of a quarter per acre more in crop.” After has been arrived at.

admitting the superiority of band spade cultivation Indeed, we never remember to have seen the subject over even steam ploughing, and bearing witness to 80 boldly faced as it was at the recent meeting at the what Mr. Boydell' had done for steam traction, Mr. Society of Arts. With one notable exception, there was Fowler asked, “Who was to try all these oxperi. not a speaker but who looked on ploughing by steam as ments? Were the inventors to bear the whole brunt very near its realization. The occasion was the reading of that which was in fact a national benefit ? The of a paper by Mr. Algernon Clarke, that we give in full landlords hitherto had done little. The Royal Agris elsewhere. Himself somewhat of an enthusiast in the cultural Society had given no help. He could only cause, Mr. Clarke still scarcely appeared to the advan- state that the trial of his system at Salisbury was aptage he might have done. His essay, in short, was written pointed to take place on a steep hill, resembling


the roof of a house, and the decision arrived at was pardonable want of discretion he fairly talked his that the steam plough would not answer. Notwith- audience out of the room ; and when he came to standing all this, he was prepared to prove that he reading long letters in his own favour, the effect procould plough at half the cost of horse power. It was duced was precisely similar to that of reading the Riot plain they would get no assistance from the public or Act—" the crowd at once dispersed." We regret this from the landed proprietors, who would, after all, the more, as Mr. Boydell, Mr. Romaine, and Mr. derive the greatest benefits in the improved rental of Halkett should all have had the opportunity, and their estates. As far as steam ploughing was con- were all, we believe, prepared to say something. The cerned, he considered his task was done; but it was for Society, however, has a very excellent rule of closing such men as Messrs. Romaine and Boydell to carry the proceedings at ten o'clock; and at a few minutes their experiments further in another direction, and he past that hour Mr. Fairburn left the chair, with Mr. was strongly of opinion that the public at large ought Smith still, of course, in possession. to help them in their work.”

As the Chairman himself said, we are now clearly Mr. Smith, of Woolston, in answer to this, would “in a state of transition as regards the cultivation of receive no aid-neither from a society nor an individual the soil ;" while the result of this meeting would point

- but stand or fall on his own merits. Mr. Smith's to the more general introduction of steam power in speech, which promised at first to be amusing enough, this wise :—The union of the common portable farm ended by becoming insufferably tedious. With an un. I engine with either Fowler's or Smith's system.

ROYAL AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY OF ENGLAND, A MONTHLY COUNCIL was held on Wednesday, the ported that the authorities of Chester had transmitted 3rd of February : present, Lord BERNERS, President, Exchequer Bonds to the amount of £1,800 (payable on in the Chair ; Lord Southampton, Lord Portman, Lord the 8th May next), as their contribution towards the Feversham, Right Hon. the Speaker, Hon. William expenses of the Chester Meeting in July next. The George Cavendish, M.P., Sir Watkin W. Wynn, Bart., Council ordered, agreeably with the recommendation of M.P., Sir Archibald K. Macdonald, Bart., Sir John V. the committee, that a circular letter should be addressed B. Johnstone, Bart., M.P., Mr. Dyke Acland, Mr. to such members of the Society as were in arrear of Raymond Barker, Mr. Barnett, Mr. Barthropp, Mr. their subscription. Bramston, M.P., Mr. Brandreth, Mr. Caldwell, Colonel EDITORSHIP OF JOURNAL.-Mr. Thompson, ChairChalloner, Mr. Druce, Mr. Brandreth Gibbs, Mr. man of the Journal Committee, presented the following Hamond, Mr. Fisher Hobbs, Mr. James Howard, Mr. report, which was adopted by the Council : Hudson (Castleacre), Mr. Jonas, Mr. Lawes, Mr. Law

1. That the Council be recommended to appoint a paid rence, Mr. Milward, Mr. Pain, Mr. Pope, Mr. Silli

Editor, but that the Journal be published, as hitherto, fant, Mr. Robert Smith, Mr. Banks Stanhope, M.P., Mr. Tbompson, Mr. Torr, Colonel Towneley, Mr.

under the general superintendence of the Journal Com.

mittee. Turner (Barton), Professor Way, Mr. Jonas Webb, 2. That the Journal Committee, or such other Committee and Mr. Wilson (Stowlangtoft)

as the Council may appoint, be requested to make such The Rev. Henry John Ingilby, of Ripley Castle,

inquiry as shall enable them to report to the next monthly Yorksbire; and the Rev. Archer Clive, of Whitfield,

Council the name of some competent person or persons Herefordshire, were elected governors of the Society.

to undertake the duties of Editor; and also to report the

amount of salary which they think adequate to the re The following new members were elected :

quirements of the office. Astbury, John Steadman, Oulton House, Milwich, Staffs. On the motion of the Right Hon. the Speaker, Bates, George, Blackhall Hall, Wickbam-Market.

seconded by Mr. Jonas, the very cordial and grateful Bushel, Christopher. Hinderton, Neston, Cheshire.

thanks of the Council were voted to Mr. Thompson, Butterfield, Rev. G. B. B., Great College-street, Westminster. Crave, James, Shrawardine, Shropshire.

Mr. Dyke Acland, and Mr. Wren Hoskyns, for the Davies, D. R., Mere Old Hall, Koutsford, Cheshire.

manner in which they had performed the laborious and Dodwell, Joseph, Manor Farm, Long Crendon, Toame.

responsible office of Joint-Editors of the Journal. Gould, John, Hyde Hall, Deuton, Lancashire.

CONSULTING CHEMIST.-- Sir John V. B. Johnstone, Grantham, Stephen, Paragno, New Kent-road, Surrey. Bart., M.P., Chairman of the Special Chemical ComLloyd, John, Belsize, Hampstead, Middlesex.

mittee appointed at the previous Council, presented the Malcolm, Matthew, Manor House, Kineton, Warwickshire. Neame, Percy B , Solestreet House, Feversham, Kent.

following report, which was also adopted. Norris, John, Pully, Shrewsbury.

1. That the fixed salary of £300 per annum hitherto Paxton, Robert, Marah Farm, Lower Winchenden, Aylesby.

given to Professor Way be given without alteration Paddock, Henry, The Trench, Ellesmere, Shropshire.

to the person who shall be selected to fill the Facaat Peel, Edmuud, Bryn-y-Pyss, Wrexham, Denbighshire.

post of Consulting Chemist to the Society, for which Shackleton, Jobn, Leeds, Yorksbire.

he will be expected to make analyses for members, Smith, Michael, Celn, Isla, Usk, Monmouthshire.

on terms approved by the Chemical Committee ; to Thomas, Rev. Lewis, St. Hilary, Cowbridge, Glamorgan.

give three lectures annually, if called upon so to do ; Thomas, Thomas, St. Hilary, Cowbridge, Glamorganshire.

and to attend the meetings of the Council whenever Warner, Charles Borham, Jewin-crescent, Aldgate, Jondon.

required. Also, that £200 per annum, allotted to Williams, Rev. Edm. Turberville, Mount Balam, Chepstow.

specific subjects of investigation, be, as heretofore, Villiers, Hon. Fred. W. C., Sully Hall, Northamptonshire.

offered in the first instance to the Consulting

Chemist. FINANCES.—Mr. Raymond Barker, Chairman of the 2. That Dr. Augustus Voelcker, Professor of Chemistry Finance Committee, presented the report on the to the Royal Agricultural College at Cirencester, accounts of the Society, from which it appeared that be recommended, to fill the vacant post of Conthe current cash-balance in the hands of the bankers sulting Chemist to the Royal Agricultural Society was £454. He laid on the table the usual quarterly

of England. statement for the information of the members, and re- CAESTER MEETING: -Lord Portman, Chairman of the General Chester Committee, made reports, and en- part of the Government, of agricultural works pubtered into detailed statements connected with the lished in his department since the former collection arrangements of the Society's ensuing Chester meeting, presented to the Society three years ago; 4. An applito be beld in the week commencing Monday, the 1916 iion from the Mexican Company for a collection of of July next. Those details had reference chiefly to the seeds, which the Council referred to Messrs. Thomas requisite inquiries to be instituted, and reports to be Gibbs & Co., the seedsmen to the Society; 5. From made to the Monthly Council in March by the General Mr. Bandel, of Baltimore, specimens of his Wyandotte Committee, in conference with the Local Committee, on Prolific Indian Corn, grown from seed obtained from the accommodation afforded at Chester for a dinner of the the Wyandotte Indians in 1853 ; with a specimen of Society, and on the plan to be adopted for the show the stemn raised from a single grain.--Mr. Alcock, yard subsequently to the personal inspection and report M P., called the attention of the Council to the advan. of Mr. Manning. The Council adopted the recommen- tages which he thought Mr. Halkett's system of landdation of the committee, founded on Mr. Brandreth cultivation might probably be found to possess on furGibbs's report, on the purchase of wheat and barley in ther inquiry and experience of its capabilities. the straw, for the trials of machinery, and the selection The Council adjourned over Ash-Wednesday to the of land for the trial of the steam-cultivators. Thes 24th of February. also ordered that a clause should be introduced into the Prize-sheets, stating that all certificates received after the 1st May for implements, &c., and the 1st June for BATH AND WEST OF ENGLAND live stock, should not be accepted, but returned to their respective senders. The Secretary reported that

SOCIETY the principal Railway Companies bad signified their FOR THE ENCOURAGEMENT OF AGRICULTURE, willingness to grant the same concessions in favour of

THE ARTS, MANUFACTURES, AND COMMERCE. the Society's Exbibition at the Chester Meeting, as on

A numerously-attended meeting of the Council of this sc. the occasion of former country meetings.

ciety was beld at Waghora's Railway Hotel, Taunton, on POULTRY.Show.-On the motion of Lord Portman, Saturday last, the Right Hon. Lord Courtenay in the chair. seconded by M:. George Turner, the resolution was THE CARDIFF MEETING, 1858.-Mr. John W1DDI• passed (of which Mr. Milward had given notice), that COMBE, the Director of the Snow-Yard, reported that the new there should be no Show of Poultry at the Country cessary notices had been issued inviting tenders for enclosing Meetings of the Society after the current year.

the Sbow. Yard, and also for supplyiog the dioner and re

freshments in connection with the forthcoming meeting at MEMBER OF COUNCIL.-02 the motion of Mr.

Cardiff George Turner, seconded by Mr. Dyke Acland, Colonel The BARNSTAPLE MEETING, 1859. A depntation the Hon. Alexander Nelson Hood, of Cumberland Lodge, from Barnstaple, consisting of Lord Viscount Edriagcon, Windsor, was elected one of the General Members of F. Maunder, Esq. (Mayor), and Mess88. Avery, HarCouncil, to supply the vacancy created by the transferris, Gilbert, and Laugdon, waited upon

the Council, of Viscount Eversley to the class of Vice-President. and represented that the local committee formed for

STANDING COMMITTEES.—The standing committees inviting the Bath and West of England Society to that town for the year were appointed.

next year had obtaioed subscriptions to the required amount

(£800), and, in addition to that sum, the deputation were preFRENCH Show OF HORSES AND CATTLE.—The pared to guarantee on the part of the inhabitants a large Earl of Clarendon transmitted to the Council a copy of number of special pr zes for local purposes out of the surplus the note addressed to him by the French Ambassador, funds. The deputation elicited from the Council information enclosing copies of a notice issued by the Emperor of the

as to the nature and exteut of the ground that would be re. French, having reference to an intended meeting to be quired for the site of the show.yard and the trial fields; and held at Alençon from ihe 17th to the 20th of May next,

the Couucil nominated a sub-committee to visit Barnstaple oa for the exhibition of horses and cattle, with the view to

Thursday, the 25th of February, to couler with the local com

mittee on the amount of accommodation offered, and to inspect the improvement of their several breeds. This show

the sites, will be confined to animals bred in the district, and the

NEw MEMBERS.- Rev. W. Beaver, Cowbridge, Glamor. property, for three months previously, of the exhibitors.

gan; Messrs. R. T. Crawsbay, Cyrtilla Castle, Merthyr Tyd. CARD OF MEETINGS.-Mr. Frere transmitted a torm vil; C. F. Williams, Tregullow, Cornwall; H. T. Smith, of card of meetings, which he suggested should be an- Devouport; F. Pitts, Alpbiugton, Devon ; G. Radmore, Thor. nually forwarded to every governor and member of the verton, Devou; J. Beaviss, Dorchester ; W. Partridge, Dulo Society not in arrear of subscription.

verton ; W. Hobbs, Lechlade, Gloucester; E. Spender, Manor WEEKLY MEETINGS.- Mr. Morton transmitted, on Mead, Plymouth; G. May, Modbury, Devon; T. Strong, the part of the proprietors of the Gardeners' Chronicle,

Dunchideock; W. Farrant, Wellington; Fred Sharlaud, J. an application for reporters to attend the weekly Collier, ... Knowlaan, J. Broom, w.. Steer, Culmstock; J.

Doble, Buckland St. Mary; J. P. Matthew, Hemyock. meetings.

The consideration of these two communications was postponed. Toe Council adjourned to the 10th inst.


81R,—Will you allow me a small space in your columns, A weekly Council was held on Wednesday, 10th of that I may communicate to your agricultural readers the folo February: present, Colonel Challoner, trustee, in the lowing particulars ! chair; Hon. Colonel Hood, Mr. Alcock, M.P., Mr. I bave a number of sheep feeding on Swede turnips with Raymond Barker, Mr. H. B. Raymond Barker, Dr.

cut hay.

An unusual number baring been attacked with Camps, Mr. Dent, M.P., Mr. Gray, Mr. Fisher Hobbs, colic, and every case proving fatal, I determined to try the Mr. Tull, and Professor Way.

following remedy: “'en drops of laudanum, ten drops of

essence of peppermint, one tea-spoonful of the spirits of turCommunications were received_1. From Professor peotiue, and one table spoonful of sweet oil.". I have in ng Hartstein, of Bonn, enquiring the present state of pub- lustance found this fail to produce a cure within a couple of lic opinion in England respecting the application of hours, although the sheep have been perfectly paralyzed, and liq manure; 2. Prom Dr. Lyon Playtair, asking unable to stand. for information on the subject of wool; 3. From the

I sball be glad it this suggestion should prove of use to

J. F. Minister of Agriculture of France, a collection, on the others, and I remain, your obedient servant,

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