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32D CONG.....3D Sess.
Special Session— Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
free to judge. The Secretary will read the let roe doctrine asserted in his messages, and again || your patience by the introduction of their opinters.
adhered to the doctrines of his speech on the Pan ions. The Senator from Michigan [Mr. Cåss] DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
ama mission. “Fifty-four forty" was given up was perfectly correct when he said that this decWASHINGTON, May 3, 1849. }
without the promised " fight," and the doctrine laration of Mr. Monroe had lain, ever since its SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the
of Washington triumphed again over the Monroe communications which your Excellency addressed to this
origin, a dead letter on our records. His recent Department, under dates the 12th November, 1847, and 6th
doctrine by the ratification of the Oregon treaty. attempt to revive it by his resolution at the last March, 1848, relative to the seizure by the British of the The statement of Mr. McLane enables us to session, closes the history of the Monroe doctrines. port of San Juan de Nicaragua. These communications
understand now why it was that the resolutions || That resolution met with such violent opposition have been read with painful interest, and have led to a determination on the part of the President of the United
introduced into the Senate by Mr. Allen, of Ohio, from his own party as to give us the assurance States to accede to the request of the Governtnent of Nic
li on the 14th of January, 1846, were stifled and that no President who should undertake to act aragua for the interposition of the good offices of this Gov effectually voted down by the Democratic Senate upon it could be sustained. With all similar resernment, in a friendly manner and spirit towards both Great
of that year. The friends who really understood olutions, recommendations, and declarations, it Britain and Nicaragua, for the purpose of adjusting the controversy with reference to the Mosquito shore. Instruc
Mr. Polk were all opposed to that resolution, which was consigned to “that same ancient vault where tions have accordingly been transmitted to the Minister of affirmed the same doctrines publicly espoused by all the kindred of the Capulets lie.” the United States at London, which it is hoped may be the President and his party organ; and while every With this history before us, 'I would leave the instrumental towards inducing the British Government to
Democratic newspaper in the United States was Senator from Illinois the full benefit of his objecrespect the just rights of Nicaragua, and towards effecting a satisfactory accommodation of all the matters in dispute.
filled with the Monroe doctrine, and with “fifty- / tion to the treaty of the 19th April, 1850, if I I avail myself of this occasion to offer to your Excellency four forty, or fight;" while the Senators from Mich could. He said, and repeatedly said, that every assurances of my most distinguished consideration. igan (Mr. Cass) and from Ohio (Mr. Allen) and article of that treaty is predicated upon a negation
JOHN M. CLAYTON.
from Indiana, (Mr. HANNEGAN,) with many others ll and repudiation of the Monroe declaration in reHis Excellency the MINISTER FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS of the Republic of Nicaragua.
of the same party, were deceived by the public lation to European colonization on this continent.
opinion of the Executive head, others secretly If that were true, it ought to be the greatest recZACHARY TAYLOR,
knew and acted upon the private opinion of Mr. ommendation of the treaty to one who assumes to PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
Polk, and these were the men who suppressed the belong to the Democratic party, and to be a folWASHINGTON, May 3, 1849. resolution and voted down the Monroe doctrine. lower of the principles of Jackson. He would DEAR AND GOOD FRIEND: I have to acknowledge the This was another memorable instance in which have been, if true to his present principles, a thorreceipt of your communication of the 15th December 1847, || that doctrine was practically repudiated. I was ough-going Adams man in 1826, and ought to which has been read with lively and painful interest. The
not deceived by the Executive message, or by the | have been heard in favor of the Panama mission Secretary of State of the United States has this day addressed a note to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Nicar
party press, or by the “ civium ardor prava juben and the instructions of Mr. Clay to Mr. Poinsett. agua, expressing the sympathy of this Government for the tium,” which distinguished that crisis.
The Senator does not understand the distinction injuries which that State believes she has received in con Among those who were the most ardent for | between an alliance for political purposes and a sequence of the forcible occupation of the port of San Juan
“ fifty-four forty" was the Senator from Illinois, compact to carry out a commercial enterprise. by British authorities, and mentioning the friendly steps which have been taken by us with a view to obtain redress
[Mr. Douglas. He was not in the Senate. He Every word of objection which he made to this therefor. Your Excellency may be assured that our efforts supposed the Monroe doctrine was popular, and treaty was equally applicable to Mr. Polk's treaty to this end, in an amicable spirit and manner towards both
that his party meant to sustain it. He was easily with New Granada to protect the province of PanNicaragua and Great Britain, will be cordial and zealous, and will be animated by the desire, which we sincerely duped, and still complains of it.
ama, and to Mr. Buchanan's proposition to Mr. cherish, that the just territorial rights of Nicaragua may be
Indulge me in a few more words to close the Crampton to invite not only Great Britain, but respected by all nations, and that she may advance in pros history of the Monroe doctrine. On the 20th of France and other commercial Powers, to enter perity and happiness.
April, 1826, the House of Representatives adopted into the same treaty stipulations which we had Your good friend,
an amendment to a resolution declaring it expedi contracted in regard to a canal or railroad at PanARAGUA.
ent to appropriate the funds necessary to enable ama, and his opposition is founded on principles By the President:
the President to send ministers to Panama, which which would overthrow every commercial treaty JOHN M. CLAYTON, Secretary of State.
amendment was indeed a complete negation of the we ever made. During the administration of Mr. Polk, the whole Monroe doctrine. This amendment was But, notwithstanding his assertion that the treaty British aggressions in Central America were con carried by a party vote, all the leading men then is a negation of the Monroe doctrine in every parstantly increasing. The attack in 1848 was made belonging to the Jackson party voting against the ticular, I must tell him that it presents the only just six days after the treaty of Guadalupe Hidal Monroe declaration and in favor of the amend instance in which an European Power, which had go, by which we acquired California. Ii blocked ment, and all the leading men supporting Mr. Ad attempted to colonize a portion of this hemisphere, up our passage to the Pacific. The war with ams's administration voting against the amend and to extend the European system here, has been Mexico was ended—the army of Taylor was un ment. This amendment, which was a complete induced by the action of this Government to abanemployed. If it were desirable to prove the truth stifler of the whole Monroe declaration, obtained don the attempt. Impartial history will distinof the Monroe doctrine to the British, a few phi. ninety-nine votes, among which were those of guish between such action and that mere noisy losophers could have been selected from the "i ar Messrs. BUCHANAN, Forsyth, Houston, Ingham, declamation to frighten the vulture from his vicmy of occupation” that would have been most McDuffie, McLane, and Polk! It is very remark- || tim, which has generally carried more consternaconvincing in their arguments. Thackeray says able that the Democracy, at the very origin of their tion into the ranks of friends at home than of foes there is nothing like a good rattling article from present party, totally repudiated the whole decla- | abroad. the throat of a nine-pounder to carry conviction ration, and came into power on the principle of The Senator from Michigan (Mr. Cass) very in such cases. Why not act upon the idea of Washington's doctrine of non-intervention. It correctly answered the gentleman when he said Louis Napoleon, and “throw the sword of Bren has been often said, and there is much reason to that after all attempts to adopt the Monroe docnus into the scale of civilization?" The answer believe, that Mr. Adams, who was Secretary of trine had failed, and it had remained a dead letter is, Mr. Polk preferred to adhere to the doctrine State at the time Mr. Monroe proposed the doc for a quarter of a century, the treaty " was the best of his speech on the Panama mission, and did not trine, was entitled to the paternity of it. Mr. Cal | thing we could do." "We could not (said he) regard this Government as bound by his recom houn once intimated so much in the Senate. It get a Congressional sanction of the Monroe docmendations of the Monroe doctrine to Congress was the principal topic of discussion in Congress trine;" and the Senator from Illinois, at this day, because Congress had not adopted them.
during the administration of Mr. Adams, and it | is not willing to join in giving it. I repeat, what Another instance in which Mr. Polk disregarded was generally believed at the time that the reasser had we to do under these circumstances? Why, these recommendations made by himself, was on tion of the Monroe principle in Mr. Poinsett's in it was manifestly our policy to agree with Eng. the occasion of the Oregon treaty. He was elect structions, and in the course adopted by the advo land to keep hands off. If we had not done so, ed on the platform of the whole of Oregon or cates of Mr. Adams in favor of the Panama mis England must now have been and would have none." "Fifty-four forty, or fight," was the sion, drove Mr. Adams from power and secured been in the undisturbed possession of all the Ceneuphonious alliteration-the war-cry; the very the election of President Jackson, whose party, tral American States upon which she desired to shibboleth of his party. He recommended to Con shortly after his election, assumed the name of the fix her grasp. gress the Monroe doctrine again, and yet we Democratic party, Among his most ardent advo Before I leave this part of the subject, permit me know, from authentic evidence, he did not intend cates was Mr. Van Buren, the great Coryphæus to allude briefly to the reason why I did not vote to act upon his own recommendation. He sent of that party, who, in a speech in the Senate, op on the treaty with New Granada in 1847. I was at Mr. McLane to England to negotiate the Oregon posing the Panama mission and the Monroe doc that time a member of the Senate, and did highly treaty, and Mr. McLane on his return, at a public trine, said:
approve of the general provisions of the treaty, but dinner in New York, informed us that “a divis
“I will venture to affirm that there is not a member on
was opposed to so much of it only as guarantied ion of the country (i. e. Oregon) upon that prin this floor who will avow his willingness to enter into a the sovereignty of New Granada in her own terciple, (a compromise on the 49th parallel of lati stipulation to resist attempts by the European Powers to tude,) with a reasonable regard to rights grown colonize any portion of this continent. If mistaken,” said
treaty of 1850. The treaty with Nicaragua, which up under the joint possession, always appeared to
Mr. Van Buren, “I desire to be corrected. No; I am not.
Mr. Squier negotiated, was no entangling alliance, me (him) to afford a just and practicable basis for of the American people, so adverse, as I firmly believe it | but only recognized the title of that State, without an amicable and honorable adjustment of the sub to be, to its true interests, has no friend, at least no advo- | any guarantee of that title; and as that treaty project. Such, also, I was satisfied, were the views of cate, on this floor.”
vided for the protection of the canal by the local our Government at the time I engaged in my recent This speech was pronounced the ablest deliv government as well as ourselves, I thought it esmission; and in earnestly and steadily laboring to ef ered in Congress since Mr. Pinkney's reply to sential to the completion of the enterprise. Presi'fect a settlement upon that basis, I was but represent. || Mr. King. I could fill volumes from the speeches dent Taylor submitted that treaty to the Senate ' ing the policy of my own Government, AND FAITH of Mr. Hayne, Mr. Rives, Mr. McLane, Mr.. with an assurance that, should the Senate concur 'FULLY PROMOTING THE INTENTIONS AND WISHES OF Calhoun, and all the ancient leaders of the Demo-1 with him, he would ratify it, and recommended
THE PRESIDENT!” Here, again, Mr. Polk gave cratic party against this Monroe doctrine. But I only such alterations in it as would make it fully evidence of the practical abnegation of the Mon- ll will not longer, and in this manner, trespass upon !l in accordance with the British treaty. I placed
32D CONG.....3D Sess.
Special Session-Coal for the Navy.
the amendments which would have effected that far in abolishing the British protectorate as the will be required to pay for such of the coal as may be pur
chased in England. object in the hands of the chairman of the Com dictates of humanity demanded. In no treaty
That the Secretary be also required to inform the Senate mittee on Foreign Relations, leaving it to the dis which Great Britain has ever made has she aban whether offers were made by other parties than Messrs. cretion and judgment of the Senate to decide doned her allies to the mercy of their enemies. Howland & Aspin wall to supply the above-named squadron
with coal, by delivering the same at such places as might whether they would or would not recognize the The British settlers in Oregon south of the 49th
be designated in the Chinese seas; the prices per ton at Nicaragua title, which the President was willing parallel of latitude were provided for by her in a
which these parties proposed to deliver it, stating particuto do. Spain had, by treaty, recognized that treaty when she relinquished the country south of
larly the rates at which anthracite, American bituminous, title. In a few days after I resigned the office of that parallel. But, in this treaty of 1850, she re and English bituminous were respectively offered; and
served to herself no power to protect by arms or Secretary of State, which I had been anxious to
whether, after these offers had been made, a contract at
higher prices was not entered into with Messrs. Howland do long before, on account of private considera force. I understand from undoubted authority,
& Aspinwall for English coal. tions. The President had refused to accept my that an offer has been made to Nicaragua in be That the Secretary be further required to inform the Senresignation; but his untimely death, on the 9th of half of the Indians, to cede their whole claim; in ate whether, previous to the time of contracting for the
other words, to extinguish their Indian title, for supply of the said squadron with coal, the Government had July, 1850, released me from the obligations under
not regularly-authorized agents employed for the express which I felt bound to remain in office; and after fifty thousand dollars-a sum much less than we
purpose of purchasing and inspecting all coal necessary for my retirement I never learned the reason for the have been accustomed to give in our Indian trea
the supply of the Navy, and what commission the said omission of the Senate to act upon the treaty with ties for the cession of far legs territory. The ad agents received by way of compensation for their services.
That be be required further to inform the Senate whether Nicaragua. In my judgment that treaty should be | justment of the boundary between Costa Rica and
Messrs. Howland & Aspinwall were not appointed agents revived, or some similar treaty negotiated without || Nicaragua is a more difficult matter.
to purchase and inspect the whole, or a great part of the delay, to prevent the local government from ever Mr. President, I have now considered the prin coal necessary for the supply of the Japan squadron ;
whether the commissions allowed them are not double the attempting to confiscate "the canal in the event of cipal topics upon which I desired to address the
amount of those allowed and paid to the regular purchasing its construction. The failure of this treaty was Senate, to vindicate the policy of the lamented
and inspecting agents; whether the said commissions are much regretted by me. Chief Magistrate under whom I served the public
not counted on the gross price of the coal, namely : on the As to the British protection in Central America, || as a negotiator; but there are others to which, af price, with freight, exchange, and insurance added. That it was of course disarmed by the treaty. Its ter hearing all that can be said in reply, I may he be required also to inform the Senate what quantity of
coal it is estimated will be required for the supply of the terms are too plain to be misunderstood by any | wish to speak. I thank the Senate for their in
said squadron annually, and what kind principally will be one. Great Britain cannot place an armed soldier || dulgence, and have done.
used; what amount of demurrage has been paid, and for on the territory without violating the treaty. She
what quantity of coal, for what length of time, and to whom; cannot protect the Indians with a view to obtain Mr. DOUGLAS. I was unavoidably absent also, what rate of demurrage is to be paid hereafter. possession of the country, nor can she occupy or during the early part of the Senator's speech this Mr. President, the object of the resolution which assume any dominion for the purpose of protec morning, but I presume I understand that part of
has been proposed is to ascertain, if practicable, tion. There is nothing undefined in the treaty on it from an intimation given yesterday at the con something in relation to the supply of fuel for the this subject. All British dominion in the whole clusion of his remarks at that time. I desire to
squadron which has been ordered into the Chinese of Central America, extending as it does by the reply to so much of the Senator's speech only as seas for the purpose of opening commercial and line of the sea-coast nearly one thousand miles, is relates to some topics of discussion introduced by
other relations with the Japanese empire. It is abandoned. The member from Illinois says that myself some two or three weeks ago. I shall not
known, Mr. President, to the Senate that the GovGreat Britain has not abandoned any part of the enter into the question that he has made between
ernment some time ago appointed two agents for country. I do not place much reliance on any the Committee on Foreign Relations and himself
the purpose of purchasing and supplying coal for statement he makes on this subject. The British | with regard to the report, I having been unavoid
the use of the Navy; one of these agents being Minister assures us that his Government has ob- 1 ably absent and thus prevented from concurring in
appointed for the purpose of purchasing and inserved the treaty, and means to observe it faith- || the report of the committee, or even reading it. I
specting anthracite, and the other for the purpose fully; and the Secretary of State informs us that do not desire to enter into any controversy with of purchasing and inspecting bituminous coal. It San Juan de Nicaragua is no longer in possession regard to what has grown up relating to British
is their duty, by virtue of their office, to supply of Great Britain, but is really governed by Amer Honduras. I only desire to confine myself to the and inspect the coal, not only for the Navy proper, ican citizens who reside there. But if the treaty points at issue in my own speech to which the but likewise all that is used in the dock-yards and has not been respected, it is not my fault. Senator has alluded. I therefore move to post
shops belonging to the Government; and as a com: It was of no importance to me or my country to pone the further consideration of the subject until pensation for their services they have received a expel the miserable savages from their fishing or | to-morrow.
commission of five per cent. on the amount furhunting grounds. Humanity dictated to us that || The motion was agreed to.
nished. When the squadron was about to sail, or they should not be butchered by those who had
JAMES H. WEST.
rather previous to the period of its sailing, these been their bitter foes while Great Britain was Mr. JAMES presented resolutions passed by agents offered to supply coal upon certain terms; striving to obtain possession of the country, and the Legislature of Rhode Island in regard to the that is, they offered to supply both anthracite and was exercising in their name absolute dominion imprisonment in Cuba of James H. West, a cit bituminous, and to deliver it at such ports as in Central America. We had no justifiable mo izen of Rhode Island; which were read, referred should be indicated in the Chinese seas, at a price tive for preventing Great Britain from interceding to the Committee on Foreign Relations, and or not exceeding fifteen dollars per ton. I think the in a friendly way with any one of the Central dered to be printed.
offer was to supply anthracite at $14 50 per ton, American Republics to save them from destruc Mr. MASON. My honorable friend from ll and Cumberland 'bituminous at $14 90 per ton. tion. There are not, I learn, at this time more Rhode Island did me the honor of communicating At any rate, neither the one nor the other was to than five hundred of these wretched Mosquito In that memorial to me before he presented it to the exceed fifteen dollars per ton, with a commission dians in existence. They are, like all their race, Senate; and at his suggestion, I thought it was of five per cent. added. rapidly disappearing from the earth, and in a very
proper that I should offer a resolution on the sub It seems, however, that neither of these offers few years will cease to exist, notwithstanding all
ject. I have not had an opportunity of submitting was accepted, and that Messrs. Howland and Asthe care that humanity can bestow upon them. it to the Committee on Foreign Relations, and I pin wall were appointed inspectors and authorized The leprosy and other loathsome diseases have
will now submit it on my own part, calling upon to purchase the coal for the supply of the squadron. thinned their numbers to a mere shadow of a || the Executive for information with respect to the They purchased a few thousand tons of American tribe, and the Minister to Central America tells matter. The resolution is as follows:
anthracite and bituminous coal; but have relied us, in one of his dispatches, that by the laws of the
Resolved, That the President of the United States be re mainly upon English coal for the supply of the country the penalty of death is imposed upon any quested (if in his opinion not incompatible with the public squadron; and they have purchased it, as I am inone who shall intermarry with them. The pro interest) to communicate to the Senate copies of any cor
formed, at a much higher price than either the tectorate through which Great Britain intended to respondence relating to the imprisonment or detention in custody of James H. West, a citizen of the United States.
American anthracite or bituminous were offered assume dominion over all this region, as she had
at Sagua le Grande, in the Island of Cuba, and of the seiz for, although the latter are greatly superior, acdone through other protectorates in India, is ure of his property by the authorities of said island, to cording to tests made on various occasions, and in already abolished so far as we had any object to || gether with all information connected therewith.
various ways. I have been informed, and I have abolish it. Stat nominis umbra. She cannot “oc The resolution was considered by unanimous no doubt of the fact, that the coal, delivered in the cupy" to protect these Indians; 'that is, she cannot consent, and agreed to.
Chinese seas, will cost a fourth more; that is, the either “take or keep possession" to effect that ob
English coal which these parties are to deliver will ject. She cannot "colonize" with a view to such
On motion by Mr. MASON, the Senate pro
cost one fourth more than American coal which is an object; she cannot “ fortify" to do it; she cannot ceeded to the consideration of Executive business,
so much superior in character. And instead of a “ assume" or exercise any dominion whatsoever and after some time spent therein, the doors were
commission of five percent. which has been allowed with a view to do it. What more do you want of reopened, and
to the regularly-authorized agents of the Governher? Do you desire that she shall not send food
The Senate adjourned.
ment, Howland & Aspin wall are to receive ten per to the half-starved savages? May she not send the
cent. They also pay ten-and-a-half per cent. by Bible among them? Do you wish to prevent that?
way of exchange upon all the coal that they purMay she not mediate with the local government
THURSDAY, March 10, 1853.
chase abroad. within whose limits they exist, to prevent them Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. C. M. Butler. Now, if this be so, it is a wrong committed from being massacred by their hereditary enemies?
Mr. COOPER. I submit the following reso
against important domestic interests, and my obMay she not ask those Governments, without lution:
ject is to ascertain the facts. I have been informed offense to you, to act by them as we have done
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Navy be, and he is
that during the period which it is anticipated the by all Indians within our borders, and extinguish
hereby, required to communicate to the Senate the contract squadron will remain upon that station, or rather the Indian title, which is nothing more than the entered into with Messrs. Howland & Aspinwall for sup in those seas, some eighty or a hundred thousand mere right of occupancy till the white man wants plying the Japan squadron with coal, the price per ton which
tons of coal will be required for its consumption. the said coal will cost delivered in the Chinese seas, the the land and gives them a pittance to support them amount of commissions and insurance, respectively, to
These men receive ten per cent. commission; and if when deprived of it? President Taylor went as I gether with the rate of exchange which the Government " the price should be $20 per ton they will receive by
way of commissions $160,000; and the Govern
COMMITTEE ON CLAIMS.
ation of the Senate. The first is, that it was conment will have to pay besides, by way of exchange, ll Mr. BRODHEAD. I submit the following cluded by Mr. Hise without the authority of this more than $160,000. This is benefiting foreigners resolution:
Government. That may be true, but it is the first at the expense of our own citizens, who, as I am Resolved, That the clerk to the Committee on Claims be time I have ever heard it urged as a valid reason informed, offered to supply the Government at $15 continued as heretofore, until otherwise ordered by the for withholding from the consideration of the Sen
Sepate, to be employed in completing and keeping up the per ton, delivered where the article was needed. I
ate a treaty the objects and provisions of which index and digest of the reports of the committee authorized do not intend, in what I have said, to reflect upon
by the resolution of March, 1851, and in such other duties
I were desirable. The treaty with New Granada, the Secretary of the Navy at all. The late Sec as the cominittee may require.
which he so warmly commends in his speech, was retary of the Navy, as I understand, had nothing
made by Mr. Bidlack without authority. Presi
I presume there can be no objection to the resoto do with it. Nor had his predecessor in office. lution. In 1850, the Senate, on the motion of the
dent Polk stated this fact in his message commuI wish to be understood here, and that I do not
nicating the treaty to the Senate, and the Senator Senator from New Hampshire, adopted a resoluintend to reflect upon either of those officers in the tion continuing this clerk for the purpose of making
from Delaware has read that message and incorslightest degree. ' I believe both of them are men 11 a classified index of the proceedings of the Senate
porated it into his speech. He therefore knew of the purest integrity, and eminently qualified for on claims. The index will be completed by the
that fact when he gave as a reason for withholdthe discharge of the duties of their high position. meeting of the next Congress. I understand it is
ing the Hise treaty, that it was made without I understand these contracts are made by the Buabout three fourths done. The Committee on
authority. reau of Construction and Supply, at the instance
The treaty of peace with Mexico, to the proClaims has unanimously instructed me to submit of the commander of the squadron, who probably this resolution to the Senate, and ask for its consid
visions of which the Senator has also referred on preferred English to American coal, All I desire
another point, was entered into by Mr. Trist, not eration now. is the facts, and for that purpose I have offered the
The resolution was considered by unanimous
only without authority, but in bold defiance of the resolution; and I hope, as it is a matter of inquiry
instructions of our Government to the contrary. consent, and agreed to. merely, that it may be considered now.
The administration of President Polk did not feel The resolution was considered by unanimous
DEBATES IN THE SENATE.
at liberty to withhold these two treaties from the consent, and agreed to.
Mr. BADGER submitted the following resolu Senate, merely because they were made without COMMITTEE ON INDIAN AFFAIRS. tion for consideration:
authority or in defiance of instructions, for the Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate have pub
reason that the objects intended to be accomplished Mr. SEBASTIAN. I submit the following | vished in the Daily National Intelligencer, the full debates by the treaty were desirable, and the provisions resolution, and ask for its consideration now: and proceedings of the Senate for the late legislative session, could be so modified by the Senate as to make the
and pay the same compensation therefor as is allowed to Resolved, That all business heretofore referred to the
details conform to the objects in view. It may not the Union and Globe, and pro rata for what has been reCommittee on Indian Affairs and not reported on, or otherported and published in the Intelligencer during the present
be amiss for me to remind the Senator from Delawise definitively disposed of, be again referred to said com. Congress.
ware, that he was a member of the Senate at the mittee, with like power and authority possessed by then
time the Mexican treaty was submitted for ratificaat the late session.
CAPTAIN MARCY'S REPORT.
tion, and that he voted for it, notwithstanding it Mr. MASON. I submit to the Senator from || Mr. CHASE submitted the following resolu
was concluded in opposition to the instructions of Arkansas that the Senate at this session is not tion for consideration; which was referred to the
our Government. If, therefore, the Senator has competent to enter upon any business of a legis Committee on Printing:
any respect for the practice of the Government here. lative character, which, of course, requires the Resolved, That two thousand additional copies of the re tofore, or for his own votes recorded upon the very concurrence of the House of Representatives. port of Captain R. B. Marcy, of his exploration of the
point in controversy, he is not at liberty to object The scope of the resolution would appear to con
waters of the Red river, ordered to be printed by the reso
lution of the Senate of the 4th of February last, be printed to the treaty upon the ground that it was concluded fer on the committee the same powers which it
for the use of the Senate ; two hundred copies of which to by our diplomatic agent without authority. had during the late session. If there are any be furnished to Captain Marcy; and that two hundred 'I understand the rule to be this: whenever the special matters which should be referred to the copies of the report of Captain Sitgreaves, ordered to be
treaty is made in pursuance of instructions, the committee, and which would not require the con
printed for the use of the Senate, be furnished to Captain
Executive is under an implied obligation to submit currence of the House, I have no objection to it.
it to the Senate for ratification. But if it be enMr. SEBASTIAN. I am aware of the fact
tered into without authority, or in violation of suggested by the Senator. This resolution is to The Senate resumed the consideration of the
instructions, the Administration are at liberty to extend to the committee the powers in reference resolutions submitted on Monday by Mr. CLAY reject it unconditionally, or to send it to the Sento special subjects which it had during the late TON.
ate for advice, amendment, ratification, or rejecsession. I allude particularly to the matter of the Il Mr. DOUGLAS. I have nothing to do with the tion, according to their judgment of its merits. inquiry into the conduct of the Superintendent of | controversy which has arisen between the Senator Whether the Hise treaty was perfect in all its proIndian Affairs in Minnesota.
from Delaware (Mr. CLAYTON) and my venera visions, or contained obnoxious features, is not The PRESIDENT. The Chair would suggest ble friend from Michigan, (Mr. Cass,] who is now the question. It furnished conclusive evidence to the Senator to modify his resolution so as to absent in consequence of the severe illness of one that the Government of Nicaragua was willing make it refer to that subject.
nearest and dearest to him. We all know enough and anxious to confer upon the United States the Mr. WELLER. There is another committee of that Senator to be assured that when he shall exclusive and perpetual privilege of controlling which I should like to have continued with the be in his place, he will be prompt to respond to the canal between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, same powers that it had at the late session. I any calls that may be made upon him. Neither instead of a partnership between us and the Euallude to the Committee in relation to the Mexican have I anything to do with the dispute which has ropean Powers. The Senator from Delaware Boundary Commission. It has been unable to grown up among Senators in respect to the bound (then Secretary of State) had the opportunity of report; and for the purpose or giving it an oppor ary of Central America, and the position of the securing to his own country that inestimable privtunity to report, I should like to have that resolu British settlement at the Balize. I leave that in ilege, either by submitting the Hise treaty to the tion so modified as to include it.
the hands of those who have made themselves par Senate, with the recommendation that ii be so The PRESIDENT. The Senator from Cali ties to the controversy. Nor shall I become a modified as to obviate all the objections which he fornia can move to amend the resolution.
party to the discussion upon the issue between the | deemed to exist to some of its provisions, or by Mr. WELLER. After it is disposed of, I can Senator from Delaware and the chairman of the making a new treaty which should embrace the offer one providing for the committee to which I Committee on Foreign Relations, in their report principle of an exclusive and perpetual privilege allude.
on that question. Not having been present when without any of the obnoxious provisions. He Mr. SEBASTIAN. I will modify the resolu the committee made their report, and not yet hav. did not do either. He suppressed the treaty-retion by inserting in itafter “Committee on Indian ing had the opportunity of reading it, I leave the fused to accept of an exclusive privilege to his own Affairs," the words “and pertaining to the busi chairman of the committee to vindicate his posi. | country-and caused a new treaty to be made, ness of the Executive session.”
tions, as I doubt not he will prove himself abund. | which should lay the foundation of a partnership The PRESIDENT. The Chair will suggest to antly able to do. I have, therefore, only to ask | between the United States and Great Britain and the Senator that it had better be offered in Execu the attention of the Senate to such points as the the other European Powers. tive session,
Senator from Delaware has chosen to make against The next reason assigned for withholding the Mr. SEBASTIAN. The object of the resolu- ! a speech delivered by me a few weeks ago in this Hise treaty from the Senate is, that it has not been tion is to continue the duties of the committee in Chamber.
approved by Nicaragua. It is true that Nicaragua reference to the investigation of the charges against The Senator seems to complain that I should did not ratify that treaty; but why did she fail to the Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Minne- have questioned the propriety of withholding from ) do so? I showed conclusively in the speech to sota; and that was brought before us in open ses
the consideration of the Senate what is known as which the Senator was replying that the non-apsion.
the Hise treaty, and the substitution of the Clayton proval was in consequence of his instructions, as The resolution was then adopted.
and Bulwer treaty in its place. Those two treaties Secretary of State, to Mr. Squier, our chargé
presented a distinct issue of great public concern d'affaires to Nicaragua. It required the whole INDIAN ANNUITIES.
to the country; and it was a difference of opinion | influence of the representative of our Government Mr. SEBASTIAN submitted the following res. | between him and me as to which system of policy in that country to prevent the ratification and olution; which was considered by unanimous con should prevail. I advocated that system which approval of the Hise treaty by the State of Nicarsent, and agreed to:
would secure to the United States the sole and agua. Sir, it is not a satisfactory reason for supResolved, that the Secretary of the Interior be directed exclusive privilege of controlling the communica- | pressing the treaty, therefore, that it had not been to furnish a statement of the amounts paid as annuities un. tion between the two oceans. He substituted that ratified by the other party, when the non-ratificader the different treaties with the Choctaw tribe of Indians,
other policy which opened the privilege to a part- tion was produced by the action of the agent of specifying the amount and date of each payment, and including the interest on investments under the treaty of
nership between the United States and Great Bri- this Government in pursuance of instructions. 1837 ; together with a statement in detail of the expendi- || lain. The Senator has assigned various reasons Mr. CLAYTON. I desire distinctly to under. tures under the various treaty provisions for education. Il for withholding the Hise treaty from the consider-) stand the Senator. If I understood him, he said
New SERIES.—No. 17.
320 CONG.....3d Sess.
Special Session-Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
that Mr. Hise's treaty was rejected in consequence I was a contract between the local government and still it is better to have it right than wrong. If the of Mr. Squier's interference. the capitalists. Not a treaty at all.
Senator will only read the last paragraph, he will Mr. DOUGLAS. Yes, sir.
Mr. DOUGLAS. The Senator's explanation || see that the charter or grant of the right of way Mr. CLAYTON. And then I understand him
which Mr. Squier was instructed to see was not to say that Mr. Squier did it by instruction. agine that it will suit his present purposes to place incautiously made, was a very different thing, inMř. DOUGLAS. Yes, sir.
upon his instructions the construction for which | deed, from the treaty; and he will see that that is Mr. CLAYTON. Now will the Senator sub- || he now contends; but it is wholly unwarranted by the thing which I directed the minister to look to, mit the proof to substantiate that assertion? I the language he employed. His instructions as I stated, and endeavored to be understood yesknow of no such instruction.
speak of securing the right of way to “us." To || terday, and as I was anxious to be understood by Mr. DOUGLAS. I will do that with a great whom did he allude in the word “us?” Did he the gentleman on this point what I instructed the deal of pleasure. Mr. Hise was sent to the Cen | refer to the capitalists, proprietors, and specula minister to look to was that the contract of these tral American States by Mr. Polk. He negotiated tors, who should become the owners of the char capitalists should not be such as would enable a treaty with the State of Nicaragua-the treaty || ter? Was he one of the company, and there
them to extort from persons using the canal. The in question-on the 21st of June, 1849. Prior to authorized to use the word “us," when speaking last sentence of the instruction applies, if he will that time he had been recalled, and Mr. Squier had of the rights and privileges to be acquired of a look at it, exclusively to the case of the contract, been appointed by the Administration which suc foreign nation through his agency as Secretary of and not to that of the treaty. ceeded that of President Polk. Mr. Hise had State? I have supposed that Mr. Squier was sent One remark more: How is it possible for the received no knowledge of his removal; no instruc to Central America to represent the United States gentleman to reconcile the fact, that the State Detions from the new Administration at the time when and to protect our rights and interests as a nation. partment could know or imagine that Mr. Hise he made the treaty. In the instructions which the I have always done the Senator from Delaware had made a treaty on the 2d of May, 1850, when Secretary of State gave to Mr. Squier on the 2d the justice to believe that when he gave those in those instructions were given, when, in point of of May, 1849, when he was about to proceed to structions to Mr. Squier he was acting on behalf fact, Mr. Hise was not heard from until June Central America to supersede Mr. Hise, you will of his country to secure the right of way for a afterwards? How could I imagine any such thing? find that he was directed to “claim no peculiar canal to the UNITED STATES, and not to a few And again: how could I possibly suppose that Mr. privilege; no exclusive right; no monopoly of com capitalists and speculators under the title of "us." Hise had made a treaty, or was going to make a mercial intercourse" for the United States. I will For the honor of our country I will still do him treaty, when the records of the State Department read from the letter of instructions:
that justice, notwithstanding his disclaimer. His showed me the instructions given to him by Mr. "We should naturally be proud of such an achievement
instructions also speak of the right of way to Buchanan, in which he tells Mr. Hise to make as an American work ; but if European aid be necessary to “nations," and caution Mr. Squier to see that no no treaty whatever with Nicaragua? If the genaccomplish it, why should we repudiate it, seeing that our exclusive privileges are granted to any nation,” &c. tleman can reconcile these things, I should be object is as honest as it is openly avowed, TO CLAIM NO PE
It is plain, therefore, that in the instructions rela happy to hear him.
Mr. DOUGLAS. I will have less difficulty in tive to the securing the right of way for a canal to dedicated to the benefit of mankind, to be used by all on the the nations of the earth, Mr. Squier was directed reconciling these things with my views of his insame terms with us, and consecrated to the enjoyment and I to see that no exclusive privilege was granted to Il structions than he will with his construction of diffusion of the unnumbered and inestimable blessings which
any other nation, and not to claim any peculiar them. I have already shown that the instructions must flow from it to all the civilized world?”
advantages for our own. Then follows the con related to the right of way to nations and not to inThen, sir, after having instructed Mr. Squier Il cluding paragraph which has been read:
dividuals; that they were in favor of equal rights as to the character of the treaty which he was to “Ifa charter or grant of the right of way shall have been
to all nations, and opposed to any peculiar priviform-a treaty which was to open the canal to incautiously or inconsiderately made before your arrival in leges to our own country. Is it not as reasonable the world-a treaty which was to give us no pe the country, seek to have it properly modified to answer the to suppose that the instructions meant what they
ends we have in view." culiar privilege, and secure to us no exclusive
| said, as it is to conceive that our minister wan diright,- after giving that instruction, the Secretary Modified how? If before the arrival of Mr. rected to procure the modification of contracts in the concluding paragraph says:
Squier in the country, Mr. Hise shall have ac previously entered into with individuals, and for • “If a charter or grant of the right of way shall have been
quired a charter or grant which shall secure pecu | the observance of which Nicaragua was supposed INCAUTIOUSLY OR INCONSIDERATELY made before your ar liar privileges or exclusive rights for this country, | to have pledged her faith as a nation? Was our rival in that country, SEEK TO HAVE IT PROPERLY MODI. he was to seek to have it so modified as to open | minister sent there to represent individuals in their FIED TO ANSWER THE ENDS WE HAVE IN VIEW.”
the same rights and privileges to all other nations || schemes of procuring charters and contracts on Mr. CLAYTON. Is that the passage? on equal terms. This is what I understand to be the private account, or to interfere with and prevent Mr. DOUGLAS. That and the other together. meaning of those instructions, and it is clear that the faithful observance of such contracts as that
Mr. CLAYTON. I endeavored to correct the Mr. Squier understood them in the same way, for Government might previously have made with our misapprehension of the honorable Senator yester when Mr. Squier arrived in Nicaragua, and dis own citizens or others? While this supposition day in reference to that. That is not an instruc covered by a statement in a newspaper of the might extricate the Senator from his present diffition to the minister to Central America in regard Isthmus that Mr. Hise was about making a treaty culty on this point, it would not tend to elevate to the treaty made by Mr. Hise, or any other for a canal, without knowing what its terms were, the character of our diplomacy during his admintreaty. It is a direction to the minister to Central without waiting to ascertain its provisions, he sent istration of the State Department. I think I do America to see that any contract which had been at once a notice to the Government of Nicaragua, the Senator more justice by the construetion I have made by the local government should be so made that Mr. Hise was not authorized to treat—that put upon his conduct than he does by his own exas not to be assignable. If the gentleman will he did not understand the policy and views of the planation. read the context, he will see at once that that does new Administration that he had been recalled, But, sir, I wish to know whether I understand not allude to a treaty. It is merely, I say again, and that any treaty he might make must be con the Senator now? Does he wish now to be unan instruction to the minister in that country to sidered and treated as an unofficial act. He com derstood as saying that he preferred an exclusive look to it, that the capitalists who were about to municated this protest to the Secretary of State on privilege to his own country to a partnership with construct the canal should not speculate upon the the same day, and then proceeded to his point of England ? work. There is nothing there touching a treaty; || destination, where he made a treaty for the right Mr. CLAYTON. No, sir. nothing whatever. The gentleman is entirely of way for a canal to all nations on the partner Mr. DOUGLAS. Ah! then as he did not premistaken. The whole instruction is in reference ship plan in pursuance of his instructions. These fer the exclusive privilege to a partnership with to the character of the contract or charter.
two treaties--the Hise treaty and the Squier trea the European Powers, does he wish the Senate to Mr. DOUGLAS. I will read the preceding ty-were in the Department of State at the same | understand that he did not mean to convey his sentence, and we will see then who is mistaken: time-the one having arrived about the middle || true idea in his instructions? If he preferred the “ If they do not agree to GRANT US PASSAGE on reasona
of September, and the other about the first of partnership to the exclusive privilege, was it not ble and proper terms, refuse our protection and our coun October. It then became the duty of the Senator | his duty to make known that wish in his instructenance to procure the contract from Nicaragua”
from Delaware, as Secretary of State, to decide 1 tions? Why should he complain when I show Mr. CLAYTON. If the gentleman will look between them: in other words, to determine that by bis instruction he said precisely what he at the context which goes before, he will see that whether he would accept of an exclusive privi- | now avows to be his policy upon that subject? the word " they” refers to the capitalists. lege to his own country, or enter into partnership | Why, sir, I am defending the consistency of his
Mr. DOUGLAS. I will read what goes be with the monarchies of Europe. He did deter- | own opinions, according to his present views, by fore:
mine that question, and his decision was in favor || showing that his instructions embraced what he " See that it is not assignable to others; that no erclusive
of the partnership, and against his own country says now was his true policy-in favor of a partprivileges are granted to ANY NATION that will not agree to having the exclusive control of the canal.
nership with other nations, instead of an exclusive the same treaty stipulations with Nicaragua; that the tolls Then, sir, I think I was authorized to say what || privilege to our own country. to be demanded by the owners are not unreasonable or op
I did say, that the non-ratification of the Hise But, sir, whatever may have been his meaning pressive; that no power be reserved to the proprietors of the canal or their successors to extort at any timebereafter,
treaty by the Government of Nicaragua was pro in those instructions, it is undeniable that Mr. or unjustly to obstruct or embarrass the right of passage. cured by the agent of General Taylor's adminis Squier understood them as I now do, and acted This will require all your vigilance and skill. If they do tration in that country, and that the agent acted upon them accordingly. Hence, as I have already not agree to grant us passage on reasonable and proper
under the authority of this Government. He cer remarked, before he arrived upon the theater of terms, refuse our protection and our countenance to procure the contract from Nicaragua. If a charter or grant of the
tainly acted in obedience to what he understood to his operations, and upon the mere authority of a right of way shall have been incautiously or inconsiderately be his instruction, and that is, the instruction, newspaper paragraph, that Mr. Hise was about mnade before your arrival in that country, seek to have it that if such a charter had been incaptiously granted making such a treaty, he sent ahead a messenger properly modified to answer the ends we have in view."
to seek to have it modified to conform to the ends to inform the Government of Nicaragua that Mr. Mr. CLAYTON. The honorable Senator will had in view, as stated in the instruction.
Hise had no authority to treat upon the subject-observe that that does not refer to a treaty. The Mr. CLAYTON. Will the Senator allow me that he had been recalled that he was not ingrant of the right of way was a different thing. It || to interrupt him? It is not a very material point, ll formed of the views and purposes of the new Ad
320 Cong.....30 Sess.
Special Session-Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
ministration--and that whatever treaty he made with a view to its ratification; and, if that enlightened body vote to strike out the obnoxious features in the must be regarded and treated as an unofficial
should approve it, he also will give it bis hearty sanction, I treaty was unanimous. Not one man in the body,
and will exert all his constitutional power to execute its act and requesting that “new negotiations may provisions in good faith-a determination in which he may
not even the Senator from Delaware, dared to afbe entered upon at the seat of Government." confidently count upon the good will of the people of the firm those clauses or vote to keep them in the treaty. The new negotiations were immediately opened United States."
Having perfected it so as to suit the views of about accordingly, and on the 3d of September termin Here we find the true reason assigned for with four fifths of the Senate, it was ratified with the ated in a treaty, which was a substitute for that holding the Hise treaty from the Senate. It was vote of the Senator recorded in the affirmative, acwhich Mr. Hise had previously made. I do not to induce Great Britain to enter into partnership cording to my recollection. understand that the Hise treaty was formally re
Lord Palmerston is informed that if If, therefore, the Senator from Delaware had jected or disavowed by the Government of Nicar- | Great Britain refuses our offer of a partnership, followed the practice which he sanctioned by his agua. It was treated as an unofficial act-a mere that “ we shall deem ourselves justified in protect own vote in the case of the Mexican treaty, he nullity-upon the authority of Mr. Squier's pro *ing our interests independently of her aid, and in would have sent the Hise treaty to the Senate for test. I again submit the question to the Senate, despite of her opposition or hostility," and that amendment and ratification, even if the details therefore, whether I am noi fully justified in the “ with a view to this alternative,"we held the Hise had been obnoxious to all the objections he now statement that the non-approval of the Hise treaty | treaty in reserve, to be submitted to the Senate for urges to them. For this reason I do not deem it by the Government of Nicaragua was in conse ratification or not, dependent upon the decision of necessary to occupy the time of the Senate in requence of the action of the agent of this Govern Great Britain in relation to the partnership. This ply to his objections relative to making a canal ment in that country, under the instructions of the is the only reason assigned for withholding the outside the limits of the United States, or the creSenator from Delaware as Secretary of State? I treaty from the Senate. The pretext that it was ation of a company either by Congress or the am only surprised that he should atiempt to avoid made without authority is expressly negatived by || President for that purpose. I care not whether the responsibility of the act, since, when hard the threat to accept the exclusive privilege, in the these provisions were admissible or inadmissible. pressed in this discussion, he has been driven into event that England refuses to enter into the part It is not material to the argument. It can have ihe admission that he preferred a partnership with nership. Not a word of objection that it guaran no bearing upon the question. The Hise treaty the monarchies of the Old World to an exclusive tees the independence of Nicaragua! But the tes was evidence of one great fact, which should never privilege for his own country. If such were his timony does not stop here. This same dispatch be forgotten, and that fact is that Nicaragua was opinions and preferences, he was bound by every furnishes affirmative evidence-conclusive and un willing and anxious to grant to the United States consideration of duty and patriotism to have given deniable—that the “ guarantee " constituted no forever the exclusive right and control over a ship the instructions, and produced the result which I portion of his objection to the Hise treaty-was
canal between the two oceans. The Secretary of have attributed to him. Why not avow that which not deemed objectionable by him at that time-but, State (Mr. Clayton) knew that fact. If the dehe now acknowledges to have been his purpose, on the contrary, was looked upon with favor, and tails were not acceptable to him, he could have in obedience to what he conceived to be his duty actually proposed by Mr. Clayton himself as a availed himself of the main provision and made I only ask him to assume the responsibility and desirable provision which might be incorporated the details to suit himself; I confine myself, thereconsequences of his own conduct, and then to as
into a treaty for the protection of the canal! Ifore, to the great point, that you might have had sign such reasons as he may be able in justifica- | read from the same dispatch:
the exclusive privilege if you had desired it. You tion.
“ YOU MAY SUGGEST, FOR INSTANCE, THAT THE UNITED
refused it with your eyes open, and took a partThe next reason which he gives for suppressing | States AND GREAT BRITAIN SHOULD ENTER INTO A nership in lieu of it. All about the details is a the Hise treaty is totally inconsistent with the first. TREATY GUARANTEEING THE INDEPENDENCE OF NICAR
matter of moonshine. You could have modified He alleges that the clause guaranteeing the inde
AGUA, Honduras, and Costa Rica, which treaty may also
them to suit yourself before sending the treaty to pendence of Nicaragua was wholly inadmissible, States by the treaties between Great Britain and Spain, pro the Senate, or you could have followed the example and could never receive his sanction. In a report vided that the limits of those States on the east be acknowl of Mr. Polk, in the case of the Mexican trealy, which was communicated to the House of Repre-edged to be the Caribbean Sea.”
and sent it to the Senate with the recommendation sentatives in 1850, he assigned the same reason, Now, sir, let me ask the Senator from Delaware that the details be thus modified. and stated that such a guarantee was a departure | what becomes of his pretext that he deemed the All this talk about obnoxious features and objecfrom our uniform policy, and had no precedent in | guarantee of the independence of Nicaragua an tionable provisions-about guarantees of independour history except in the one case of the French | insuperable objection to the Hise treaty? Have I ence and want of authority to make the treatycolonies in America.
not proven by his own dispatches, written at the must be regarded as miserable attempts avoid Of course courtesy requires me to acknowledge time, that such an idea could never have entered the main point at issue. Why this pitiful equivthat the Senator really believes that this was one his brain when he determined to withhold the ocation, if the Senator was really in favor of the of the reasons which induced him to withhold the treaty from the Senate?—that it was un afterthought | European partnership in preference to the exclusive Hise trealy from the Senate. I must be permitted, | upon which he has since seized as an excuse for | privilege for the United States, as all his acts prove taken; that the clause in question did not constitute ) view to another object, and for different reasons? and conclusively prove—was the case? If he thinks an objection in his mind at that time; that it is an I will now proceed to consider the fourth ob. his policy was right, why not frankly avow the afterthought which he has since seized hold of to ljection made by the Senator to the Hise treaty. truth, and justify upon the merits? I am not to justify an act which he had previously performed He goes on to criticise its various provisions, de be diverted from my purpose by his assaults upon upon totally different grounds. The evidence of nounces them as ridiculous, as absurd, as uncon the administration of President Polk, nor by his these facts will be found recorded in a dispatch stitutional, and he puts the question with an air of array of great names in opposition to the views | written by the Senator from Delaware, as Secre triumph whether ihere was a man in this body entertain. History will do justice to Mr. Polk tary of State, on the 20th of October, 1849, to who would have voted for all the provisions of that and Mr. Buchanan upon this as well as all other Mr. Lawrence, our Minister to England. The doc- treaty: Sir, I have no fancy for that species of questions connected with their administration of ument containing this dispatch was printed and laid | special pleading, which attempts to avoid the real the Government. In the speech to which the upon our tables a few days since, and is entitled issue by a criticism upon mere details which are Senator prosessed to reply, I did not make an alSenate Ex. Doc. No. 27. It will be remembered, ) subject to modification at pleasure. Does not the lusion to party politics. I do not think the term that the Hise treaty was communicated to the De- Senator know that when a treaty is made, the objects Whig or Democrat can be found in the whole partment of State on the 15th of September, and of which are desirable, while ihe details are inad. speech. I am sure that it does not contain a parthe Squier treaty about the first of October of the missible, the practice has been to send it to the Sen tísan reference to the state of political parties in same year. On the 20th of October, Mr. Clay- ate, that the object may be secured and the details the country during the period to which my reton (in the dispatch to which I refer) discussed so modified as to conform to the ends in view ?
marks applied. I attempted to discuss the quesour relations with the Central American States at Whoever supposed before that a treaty, desirable tion upon its merits, independent of the fact great length-among other things communicated in its leading features, was to be rejected by the whether my views might come in conflict with to Mr. Lawrence the substance of these two Department, merely because there was an obnox
those professed by either of the great parties, or treaties—and directed him to make the same known ious provision in it. I could turn upon the Senator entertained by the great men of our country at to Lord Palmerston:
with an air of as much triumph, if I had practiced some former period. I should have been better sat“ If, however, the British Government shall reject these it as well, and ask him if there was a man in this l isfied if the Senator had pursued the same course, overtures on our part, and shall refuse to coöperate with us
body who would have voted for the Mexican instead of calling upon Jackson, Polk, and Buchin the generous and philanthropic scheme of rendering the interoceanic communication by the way of the port and
treaty of peace as it was sent to us by the Execu-anan, and sheltering himself behind their great river San Juan free to all nations upon the same terms, we
tive? Do we not all know that the treaty which names, while attempling to detract from their fame shall deem ourselves justified in protecting our interests in was ratified by about four fifths of the Senate came by representing them as having sacrificed the independently of her aid, and despite her opposition or hogtility. With a view toʻthis alternative, we have a treaty
to us in a shape in which it could not receive one terests and honor of their country, with the State of Nicaragua, a copy of which has been sent
solitary vote upon either side of the Chamber? Mr. CLAYTON. I deny it. There was not to you, and the stipulations of which you should unreserv Do we not know that Mr. Polk in his message one word in my speech which went to arraign Mr. ediy impart to Lord Palmerston. You will inform him, communicating the treaty intimated that fact, and Polk or General Jackson, or any body. There was called the attention of the Senate to the obnoxious
nothing like a party spirit in the speech. If the or instruction from this Government; that the President had no knowledge of its existence, or of the intention to form
provisions? While it contained provisions which gentleman so understood me, he entirely misunderit, until it was presented to him by Mr. Hise, our late chargé would exclude the President from the possibility
I stated the fact that Mr. Polk and Mr. d'affaires to Guatemala,
1st of September last; of ever ratifying it, which would have prevented Buchanan had been applied to by the local governand thal, consequently, we are not bound to ratify it, and will take no step for that purpose, if we can, by arrange
every Senator from giving his sanction to it, yet ment of Nicaragua for the intervention of this ments with the British Government, place our interests
inasmuch as the main objects of the treaty met the Government to protect it from the aggressions of upon a just and satisfactory foundation. But, if our effort approval of the President, and it was only mat- | the British. I stated, and proved the fact, that the for this end should be abortive, the President will
ters of detail that were obnoxious and inadmissi- | Monroe doctrine had never been carried out that tate to submit this or some other treaty which cluded by the present chargé d'affaires to
ble, he sent it to the Senate that its details might || Mr. Polk on that occasion had declined to interSenate of the United States for their advice
be made to harmonize with its objects. Sir, the fere; but I disclaimed entirely assailing him, and
hesimay be con
to the consent,