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The seeds of knowledge may be planted in solitude, but must be cultivated in public.

Ibid. vol. 4, p. 48. In all parts of human knowledge, whether terminating in science merely speculative, or operating upon life, private or civil, are admitted some fundamental principles, or common axi- '. oms, which, being generally received, are little. doubted, and being little doubted, have been rarely proved.

Taxation no Tyranny, p. 1. One man may be-often ignorant, but never ri-, diculous; another may be full of knowledge, whilst his variety often distracts his judgment, and his learning frequently is disgraced by his absurdities.

,, Preface tɔ Diet. fol. p. 3. · It is to be lainented, that those who are most capable of improving mankind, very frequently neglect to communicate their knowledge, either because it is more pleasing to gather ideas than to impart them, ar because, to minds naturally great, few things appear of so much importance as to deserve the notice of the public.

: Life of Sir Thomas Browne, p. 256. Acquisitions of knowledge, like blazes of genius, are often fortuitous. Those who had proposed to themselves a methodical course of reads ing, light by accident on a new book, which seizes their thoughts, and kindles their curiosity, and opens an unexpected prospect, to which the way which they had prescribed to themselves, would never have conducted them.

Idler, vol. 2, p. 79.


An foreigners remark, that the knowledge of sthe common people of England is greater than that of any other vulgar. .

• Ibid. vol. 1, P: 35. SELF-KNOWLEDGE. Pontanus, a man celebrated among the early Testorers of literature, thought the study of our own hearts of so much importance, that he has recommended it from his tomb.:

Sum JOANNES JOVIANUS PONTANUS, quem amaverunt bonæ musa, suspererunt vire probi, honestaverant reges. domini. . Jam scis qui sim, vel qui potius fuerim : ego vero te, hospes, noscere in tenebris nequeo, sed teipsum ut noscas rogo.

" I am PONTANUS, beloved by the powers of literature, admired by men of worth, and dignified by the monarchs of the world. Thou knowest, now, . who I am, os, more properly, who I · was; for thee, stranger, I, who am in darkness, cannot know thee; but I entreat thee to KNOW THYSELE." ..?

Rambler, vol. 1, p. 174. Much is due to those who first broke the way to knowledge, and left only to their successors the task of smoothing it ;

ii Weitern Islands, p. 3.1. - .. .

KINGS. The studies of princes seldom produce great effects; for princes draw, with meaner mortals, the lot of understanding; and since of many students not more than ane can be hoped to advance to perfection, it is scaraq zo be expected to find that one a prince,

Memoirs of the K. of Prussia, p. 99.


Kings, · Kings, without sometimes passing their time without pomp, and without acquaintance with the various forms of life, and with the genuine passions, interests, desires, and distresses of mankind, see the world in a misty and bound their views to a narrow compass. It was, perhaps, to the private condition in which Cromwell first: entered the world, that he owed the superiority of understanding he had over most of our kings. In that state, he learned the art of secret transaction, and the knowledge by which he was able to opposé zeal to zeal, and make one enthusiast destroy another...

Ibid. p. 100.

It is a position long received amongst politicians, that the loss of a king's power, is-soon. - followed by the loss of life:

Notes upon Shakspense; voli 63.p. 4400

The riches of a king ought not to be seen in his own coffers, but in the opulence of his sub-. jects.

Memoirs of the King of Prussia, P: 978 To enlarge dominions, has been the boast of many princes; to diffuse happiness and security through wide regions has been granted to few.

Ibid. Da UK

:: Monarch's are always surrounded with refined spirits, so penetrating, that they frequently disa cover in their masters great qualities, jo visible to: vulgar eyes, and which, did not they publish: them to mankind, would be unobserved for ever..

Marmor Norfelciense, p. 178


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LIFE is not to be counted by the ignorance of infancy or the imbecility of age. We are long. before we are able to think, and we soon cease from the power of acting.

.. . - Prince of Abyssinia, pi 26..


- Human life is every where a state in which much is to be endured and little to be enjoyed.,

Ibid. p. 78.

Life may be lengthened by care, though death cannot ultimately be defeated.

Preface to Dictionary, fol. p. 1o.

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The great art of life is to play for much and. stake little..

Differtation on Authors; .p. 298. İt has always been lamented that of the little time allotted to man, much must be spent upon superfluities. Every prospect has its obstruc-. tions, which we must break to enlarge our view.. Every step of our progress finds impediments,, which, however: eager to go forward, we must stop to remove. ! Preliminary Discourse to the London Chronicle, po 153.

An even and' unvaried tenor of life always hides from our apprehension the approach of its end. Succession is not perceived but by variation. He that lives to-day as he lived yesterday, and expects that as the present day, such will be


to-morrow, easily conceives time as running in a circle, and returning to itself. The uncertainty of our situation is impressed commonly by dissimilitude of condition, and it is only by finding life changeable, that we are reminded of its shortness.

: Idler, vol. 2, p. 282. • He that embarks in the voyage, of life, will always wish to advance rather by the impulse of the wind, than the strokes of the oar; and many founder in their passage while they lie waiting for the gale.

Ibid, vol. 1, p. 7. A minute analysis of life at once destroys that splendour which dazzles the imagination. What- soever grandeur can display, or luxury enjoy, is

procured by offices of which the mind shrinks from the contemplation. All the delicacies of the table may be traced back to the shambles and the dunghill; all magnificence of building was hewn from the quarry; and all the pomp of ornament dug from among the damps and darkness of the mine...

Notes upon Shakspeare, vol. 2, p. 73. ' In the different degrees of life, there will be often found much meanness among the great, and much greatness among the mean, .

Ibid. vol. 3. p. 181. , Every man has seen the mean too often proud of the humility, of the great, and perhaps the great may sometimes be humbled in the praises of the mean; particularly of those who commend them without conviction or discernment,

' Ibid. vol. 4, p. 21.**


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