Obrazy na stronie

then stood forward, and, holding up his right hand, took
livered his Inaugural Address,-National Intelligencet.

320 Cong.....30 Sess.
Special Session-Committees.

SENATE. legal and constitutional right, and that the laws to


The memorial was received, and ordered to lie enforce them should be respected and obeyed, not On the motion of Mr. RUSK, it was ordered

upon the table. with a reluctance encouraged by abstract opinions that the daily hour of meeting shall be twelve as to their propriety in a different state of society, || o'clock, m.

PAPERS WITHDRAWN. but cheerfully, and according to the decisions of

Mr. MASON. I have been requested to ask

RECESS. the tribunal to which their exposition belongs.

leave to withdraw the petition and papers of the Such have been and are my convictions, and upon

On motion by Mr. WELLER, it was ordered

heir of William Lindsay, an officer in the Revoluthem I shall act. I fervently hope that the questhat when the Senate adjourns, it adjourn to meet

tion, praying an allowance of five years' full pay tion is at rest, and that no sectional, or ambitious, on Monday next.

on behalf of the lady who is his only heir. They

On motion by Mr. PETTIT, the Senate ador fanatical excitement may again threaten the

were presented in 1843. durability of our institutions, or obscure the light journed.

Leave was given. of our prosperity.

MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT. But let not the foundation of our hope rest upon

MONDAY, March 7, 1853.

Mr. WALKER. The Select Committee, whose man's wisdom. It will not be sufficient that sec Prayer by the Rev. C. M. BUTLER.

duty it was made to wait on the President of the tional prejudices find no place in the public delib The Journal of the proceedings in the special United States and inform him that the Senate had erations. It will not be sufficient that the rash

session on Friday last, embracing the proclama met and was ready to receive any communications counsels of human passion are rejected. It must be felt that there is no national security but in the i it was conventu, was read. tion of the President of the United States by which which he had to make, has performed that duty,

and received for answer that he would forth with nation's humble, acknowledged dependence upon On the motion of Mr. FISH, the Journal was communicate to the Senate in writing. God and his overruling providence.

corrected. It was stated that his colleague (Mr. Several messages in writing, which the President We have been carried in safety through a peril- Seward) was present on Friday last, whereas he of the Senate announced to be Executive messages, ous crisis. Wise counsels, like those which gave had beer temporarily caried home by indisposition us the Constitution, prevailed to uphold it. Let in his family.

were subsequently received from the President by

Mr. Sydney WEBSTER, his Private Secretary. the period be remembered as an admonition, and

COMMITTEE TO WAIT ON THE PRESIDENT. not us an encouragement, in any section of the

EXECUTIVE SESSION. Union, to make experiments where experiments

Mr. WALKER submitted the following reso On motion by Mr. MASON, the Senate proare fraught with such fearful hazard. Let it be lution; which was considered by unanimous con ceeded to the consideration of Executive business, impressed upon all hearts, that, beautiful as our sent and agreed to:

and after some time spent therein, the doors were fabric is, no earthly power or wisdom could ever Resolved, That a committee, consisting of two meinbers, reopened, and reunite its broken fragments. Standing as I do

be appointed by the President of the Senate to wait on the The Senate adjourned.

President of the United States, and inform him that the almost within view of the green slopes of Mon Senate is assembled, and ready to receive any communicaticello, and, as it were, within reach of the tomb tions he may be pleased to make.

TUESDAY, March 8, 1853. of Washington, with all the cherished memories Mr. Walker and Mr. PHELPS were appointed of the past gathering around me, like so many elo- || the committee.

Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. C. M. BUTLER. quent voices of exhortation from Heaven, I can


Mr. BRIGHT. It is necessary, to carry out express no better hope for my country than that

Mr. CLAYTON. I submit the following res

the organization of the Executive session, to apthe kind Providence which smiled upon our fatholution:

point committees. Each side of the Chamber has ers may enable their children to preserve the bless

Resolved, That the President be respectfully requested,

conferred and agreed upon the list which the honings they have inherited. if compatible in his opinion with the public interest, to com

orable Senator from North Carolina (Mr. Badger) The President having concluded his address, the

municate to the Senate the propositions mentioned in the holds in his hand. It requires unanimous consent Senate returned to its Chamber, and resumed its

letter of the Secretary of State accompanying the Executive to permit him to present that report, and to have business. *

message to the Senate of the 18th February last, as having
been agreed upon by the Department of State, the British

it acted upon. The report which he makes will Minister, and the State of Costa Rica, on the 30th of April, be temporary-for this session only; and at the * THE INAUGURATION attracted to the metropolis a greater 1852, having for their object the settlement of the territorial next session of Congress there will be a reorgannumber of persons from places more or less reinote than any controversies between the States and Governinents border

ization. I move that he have unanimous consent previous occasion of the kind, or indeed any ceremonial ing on the river San Juan. Possibly the census of our district cities has Resolved, That the Secretary of State be directed to com

to present that list, and that it be acted upon withbeen increased within a week upwards of twenty thousand, municate to the Senate such information as it may be in the out proceeding to ballot, as is prescribed by the so that all our hotels, boarding houses, and places of public power of his Department to furnish, in regard to the con rules of the Senate. entertainment, not to mention the great extension of private flicting claims of Great Britain and the State of Honduras Unanimous consent was given. hospitalities, have been crowded as never before. Every to the islands of Roatan, Bonacca, Utilla, Barbarat Helene, contrivance that ingenuity and a spirit of accommodation

Mr. BADGER. I believe, since I have been a and Morat, in or near the Bay of Honduras. could devise has been put into requisition, in many estab

member of this Senate, this has been the usual lishments, to render the vast and sudden influx of strangers

I desire to say, that whenever that resolution can all the comfort possible. Though many persons residing come before the Senate without interfering with necessarily been prepared in great haste, and, as

custom which has been pursued. This list has within moderate distances from the city returned home the necessary business of the Senate at this time, stated by the honorable Senator from Indiana, for after the conclusion of the ceremonies, by railroad and pri- it is my purpose to discuss the topics which are vate vehicles, still the places of public entertainment are fully occupied. suggested by the resolution. I hope to have the

the purposes of the present session. The list is

as follows. At an early hour this morning drums beat and music re opportunity of doing so at an early period. sounded in various parts of the city, as it were to arouse

On Foreign Relations.—Mr. Mason, chairman;

HON. DAVID L. YULEE. and prepare the people for the pageant of the day. The

Messrs. Douglas, Clayton, Norris, and Everett, couniry adjacent poured in upon us from every point of

Mr. MORTON submitted the following resolu On Finance.—Mr. Hunter, chairman; Messrs. the compass, by carriage, horse, and foot, until at length tion for consideration:

Bright, Pearce, Gwin, and Badger. there must have been for a time approximating seventy or

Resolved, That there be paid out of the contingent fund eighty thousand persons within our city limits. During

On Commerce.—Mr. Hamlin, chairman; Messrs. of the Senate to the honorable David L. Yulee, a sum equal the forenoon, Pennsylvania avenue was lined with patient

Soulé, Seward, Dodge of Wisconsin, and Benjato the amount of mileage and per diem compensation of a ly-expectant spectators, either standing at favorable posi

Senator, from the commencement of the first session of the mrin. tions on the sidewalks, or thronging ihe windows com

Thirty-second Congress to the 27th of August, 1852, the day On Military Affairs.--Mr. Shields, chairman; manding the line of procession. The weather was not

on which the Senate decided that the honorable Stephen pleasant; a raw northeasterly wind, wasting a pretty con

Messrs. Borland, Dawson, Fitzpatrick, and Jones R. Mallory, whose seat in the Senate was claimed by him, tinuous, though fast melting snow, made its effects felt.

of Tennessee. was duly elected a member of the Senate from the State of As per programme, the inilitary companies of our own Florida.

On Naval Affairs. — Mr. Gwin, chairman; and other places (eighteen in number) met on the parade ground in front of the City Hall, where they were organized


Messrs. Mallory, Fish, Thomson of New Jersey, under the command of Colonel William Hickey, command Mr. JONES, of Iowa, submitted the following and Toombs. ing the volunteer regiinent of the District of Columbia. resolution for consideration:

On Public Lands.-Mr. Borland, chairman; The other constituent parts of the procession took position

Messrs. Dodge of Iowa, Pratt, Pettit, and Thompupon the same ground. They then, about noon, marched Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate pay the thence down Louisiana to Pennsylvania avenue, to escort amount which may be allowed by the Committee to Audit son of Kentucky. the President elect from his lodgings (Willard's Hotel) to the and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate, for the On Indian Affairs.—Mr. Sebastian, chairman; Capitol. Arrived at the hotel, the procession was joined expenses incurred during the last session, in repairing and Messrs. Walker, Cooper, Rusk, and Smith. by an open barouche, containing the President and Presi. fitting up for use two rooms in the basement of the Capitol.

On Claims.-Mr. Brodhead, chairman; Messrs. dent elect, the Hons. Jesse D. Bright and Hannibal Ham

SENATOR FROM LOUISIANA. lin, of the Committee of Arrangements; the barouche be

Adams, Pratt, Chase, and Wade. ing surrounded by the Marshal of the District of Columbia Mr. SOULE. I

I present to the Senate the me On the Judiciary. — Mr. Butler, chairman; and his sids, and followed by several Democratic and Fire morial of several members of the General Assem Messrs. Toucey, Geyer, Stuart, and Phelps. inen's associations. By prior arrangement, in order to accommodate the peo

bly of the State of Louisiana, protesting against On the Post Office and Post Roads.--Mr. Rusk, ple as much as possible in their view of the ceremony of the action of the Legislature of that State in elect- 1 chairman; Messrs. Soulé, Morton, Hamlin, and the inauguration, the large gates of the Capitol yard were ing my present colleague (Mr. BENJAMIN] to the

Smith. closed to carriages. The President's party and the diplo seat which he now occupies. The question raised On Roads and Canals.-Mr. Bright, chairman; malie corps were admitted by the north side gate, and a covered way to the north door of the Capitol. The remain

is as to the legality of that election by the Legisla- Messrs. Douglas, Geyer, Adams, and Sumner. ing (pedestrian) portion of the processi with the people ture of 1852. The Legislature has this year de

On Pensions.-Mr. Jones, of Iowa, chairman; at large, entered by the northern side gate.

clined going into a new election, thereby either in- Messrs. Weller, Foot, Evans, and Toombs. The President, President elect, and Committee of Arrangements, Marshals, &c., having arrived in the Senate

dorsing the action of the Legislature in 1852, or On the District of Columbia.-Mr. Shields, chairChamber, after the usual formalities there, they proceeded conceding that they had no right to proceed to a man; Messrs. Norris, Badger, Mallory, and thence to the platform erected for the occasion over the

new election. Such being the circumstances under Cooper. steps leading up to the eastern portico. The President elect which the memorial has been sent to me, I comply On Patents and the Patent Office.-Mr. James, the oath of office, which was administered by

with the request directing me to present it to the chairman; Messrs. Evans, Dawson, Stuart, and Justice of the United States. The new Senate, but shall decline taking any further action

Smith. upon the subject.

On Territories. — Mr. Douglas, chairman;


the President


then de

320 Cong....30 Sess.

Special SessionPersonal Explanation by Mr. Badger.



Messrs. Weller, Cooper, Houston, and Jones of in my hand, taken from a political newspaper two amendments were proposed by the late SenTennessee.

printed in the town of Wilmington, North Caro ator from Georgia. They were adopted. They To Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of lina, which I ask may be read as the basis of the were sent to the House of Representatives, which the Senate. – Mr. Dodge, of lowa, chairman; || observations which I have to submit to the Senate. refused its concurrence. The honorable chairman Messrs. Foot and Bright.

The Secretary read it as follows:

of the Committee on Naval Affairs, (Mr. Gwin,1 On Public Buildings.-Mr. James, chairman; "This Week.-'The close of business on Thursday night

who was upon the two Committees of Conference Messrs. Badger and Hunter. virtually concludes the present Administration of national

between the two Houses upon the Navy approOn the Library.-Mr. Pearce, chairman; Messrs. affairs. At twelve o'clock on Friday, Franklin Pierce priation bill, knows, that at my earnest instance,

will take the oath of office as President of the United States. Bayard and Atherton.

he made it a point to insist upon those amend" The present Congress will also end at the same tinie, The committees were agreed to. and there is great reason to fear that it will go out without

ments; and my friend from Georgia, also, (Mr. having done anything for our river or bars. The only Dawson,) a member of the committee, who is not HON. DAVID L. YULEE.

chance now is with the Senate, and both the Senators from Mr. MORTON. I desire to ask the Senate to

now present, joined him in insisting upon it; and this State turn their backs upon the affair and upon us.

feeling the present necessity, as well as yielding take up for consideration the resolution which I Whig or Democrat, Federalist or Republican, we must submitted yesterday, in relation to the per diem have a Cape Fear Senator, if we hope to have anything

to my personal wishes and solicitation on the subdone for the interests of this portion of the State. Messrs. ject, offered in committee that he would surrender and mileage of my late colleague, (Mr. Yulee.)

Badger and Mangum care for us about the value of a chew the appropriation for the river in his own State, I am anxious that it should receive the action of

of tobacco. Perhaps, however, Mr. Ashe may yet be able if the House committee would agree to permit the Senate, one way or the other.

to effect something through others; but it is an up-hill busiMr. CLAYTON. I hope the Senator will not

ness, when even the urgent resolutions of the Legislature this appropriation for Cape Fear to pass.

of their own State cannot induce our North Carolina Sen In all these proceedings I had the cheerful, press his request now.

ators to cooperate with him. That they have refused to Mr. MORTON. If there are any other matters

hearty, and anxious concurrence of Mr. Mangum, do

80, we know." before the Senate, I will not press it this morning Mr. BADGER. The second session which I

my late colleague, who in each and every respect

acted as became an American Senator and as a Mr. CLAYTON. I hope the Senator will

served in this body, I was called upon by the in- || North Carolinian, feeling it his special duty to propermit the resolutions I submitted yesterday, to

habitants of Wilmington, and others who were vide for what was necessary for any and every be taken up. Mr. MORTON. I withdraw my request.

immediately interested in the navigation of Cape portion of the State which jointly with me he repFear river at and below that town,

to endeavor to resented on this floor. CLAYTON-BULWER TREATY.

secure some appropriation furnishing lights and In these proceedings, Mr. President, I discharged The Senate proceeded to the consideration of the buoys for that river. I set myself to work, as of nothing more than I felt to be my duty. I desired resolutions submitted yesterday by Mr. Clayton,

course I was bound to do, and endeavored to have no thanks. I expected no commendation. At as follows:

that measure of just relief extended to the people least I knew I should receive none from the quarResolved, That the President be respectfully requested,

of that portion of the State; and I was successful ter from which the extract which has been read if compatible, in his opinion, with the public interest, to in procuring the first and, so far as I know, the

But I did think, and do think, that it is a communicate to the Senate the propositions mentioned in only effectual measure for giving security to the little hard, when a gentleman has thus endeavored the letter of the Secretary of State accompanying the Ex

navigation of that stream.

On that and on every ecutive message to the Senate of the 18th February last, as

to procure what is desired for a particular locality having been agreed upon by the Department of State, the

occasion, it has been my custom rather to endeavor in his State, that he should be falsly denounced as British Minister, and the State of Costa Rica, on the 30th to do what the interests of my constituents re having utterly refused to coöporate with the genof April, 1852, having for their object the settlement of the

quired, than to make a public exhibition of myself tleman who represents that district in the other territorial controversies between the States and Govern

on this floor as their friend, always preferring to ments bordering on the river San Juan.

House, in endeavoring to procure this relief, and Resolved, That the Secretary of State be directed to have measures adopted for their relief rather than turned his back as in scorn and contempt to the communicate to the Senate such information as it may be to make speeches by which I might hold myself application. in the power of his Department to furnish, in regard to the

forth as their special champion. This winter my Mr. President, I feel desirous, now and ever, to conflicting claims of Great Britain and the State of Honduras to the islands of Roatan, Bonacca; lona, Barbarat, appropriation in respect to the entrance

of Cape attention was early called to the necessity for an vindicate myself from the suspicion that under

any circumstances I could permit personal or poMr. CLAYTON addressed the Senate for more

Fear river, the case made being this: The Gov litical considerations, public or private griefs, to than two hours upon the resolutions, and without

ernment of the United States had established cer induce me to neglect any duty which belongs to concluding, gave way to a motion to postpone the

tain jetties to protect the site of Fort Caswell, me as an American Senator, and especially any further consideration of the resolutions until to

the effect of which had been to make that side of duty which belongs to me as a Senator from the morrow; which was agreed to.

the entrance firm, but to turn the current to Bald State of North Carolina. This communication

Head, on the opposite point; and by washing loose remarks, that it is absolutely necessary, in order EXECUTIVE SESSION.

sands to precipitate them into the channels, and so to have these things done, that the Cape Fear porOn motion by Mr. MASON, the Senate proceed to promote a rapid filling up, the consequence of tion of the State shall have a Senator upon this ed to the consideration of Executive business, and which was that the channel was shallowed from floor. I have no doubt that there are many gen. after some time spent therein, the doors were re twenty to twelve feet, and was losing its present tlemen there who could represent the State on this opened, and

depth at the rate of nine inches a year. The Le floor with far greater ability than myself, and posThe Senate adjourned.

gislature of the State adopted a resolution on the sibly with greater ability than my late colleague;

subject, which I had the honor to present here, but this I venture to assert, that no man from that WEDNESDAY, March 9, 1853.

and had referred to the Committee on Commerce. or any other section of the State, can ever repre.

I felt the absolute necessity for something being sent it with truer devotion, and more earnest and Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. C. M. LER. done, and done promptly; that it was a condition unfaltering attention to the promotion of every,

Mr. BADGER. In proposing the committees of things not only that required relief, but which interest of North Carolina of which the General yesterday, an oversight was made in regard to the did not admit of delay in affording that relief. Government has charge; and I will add another Committee on Printing, which, as it may be neces

I learned afterwards, from my friend who is at thing, that, if any gentleman shall be sent here sary in the course of the Executive session, I ask

the head of the Committee of Commerce, (Mr. from the Cape Fear region, and he expects to prothe unanimous consent of the Senate to have now Hamlin,] that the committee had declined to re- cure the aid or assistance of the Senate in promoappointed. I propose that the following be the port any separate measure, and would allow these ting measures of internal improvements, whether members of that committee: Mr. BORLAND, chair- things to be considered only upon a general bill. of harbors or rivers, which he may deem essential man; Messrs. Hamlin and Smith.

I thought that was unjust to the particular locality in his own State, he will have to adopt a different The motion was agreed to.

of which I have spoken, and having provided my system of tactics, and avow a different system of

self with a communication from Professor Bache, | principles from those which have generally been PERSONAL EXPLANATION.

showing not only the necessity of the work, but avowed by the representatives of that portion of Mr. BADGER. I desire to ask a few minutes that it was indispensable that it should be imme- | the State. It is not the most persuasive method of the time of the Senate this morning, for the diately commenced, I procured the unanimous of getting gentlemen who represent other portions purpose of making what is commonly called a consent of the Committee on Naval Affairs to re of the country to do anything for North Carolina, personal explanation. It is the first time in the port an amendment proposing an appropriation of to announce that he who asks the assistance or facourse of my service in the Senate-which has $50,000 for the object. At the same time the vor is utterly opposed to doing anything for any now extended into the seventh session that I have committee unanimously concurred in reporting a other portions of the country. ever troubled myself with any matters which hap- i similar amendment for removing wrecks from the Mr. President, I am sorry to have trespassed pen outside of the Chamber, and have ever thought Savannah river, in the State of Georgia; and as I upon the Senate, and especially that I have been any personal concern of mine important enough was called upon by you, sir, to relieve you in obliged to make this statement, containing necesto excite the attention of this body. I am in the part from the oppressive labors brought upon the sarily so much of egotism; but I felt that it was babit of looking on every assault made against me Chair by the close of the session, it was agreed due to myself. I did not choose that my conin the public press with indifference, bordering between me and the late Senator from Georgia stituents in North Carolina, my Democratic convery strongly on contempt, and perhaps have car (Mr. Charlton) that the amendment should be istituents, who are just and honorable men, should, ried the matter rather further than a just considera- offered by him. I signified to several of my by anything in the party press, suppose me to be tion of what is due to my position and to my con friends on this floor, particularly my friends on stituents exactly warranted. But a case has now

the unworthy person which I am represented in the Democratic side of the Chamber—among arisen which I feel myself bound to make an ex

that publication to be. I take this method, in juswhom it gives me great satisfaction to say that I tice to my late colleague and myself, of putting ception to the general rule of silence, indifference, | bave many warm ones—that this was a measure this matter right, because the leading Democratic and contempt, which I have observed, because it not only right and proper in itself; not only re journal here,

being one of the official reporters of is necessary to do so, both in justice to myself and quiring immediate provisions by law, but that I | the Senate, this explanation will appear in its colto Mr. MÁngum, my late colleague in this body: felt a personal interest and anxious personal deA friend has transmitted to me a slip which I hold | sire that the amendment should be adopted. The

umns, and be read by hundreds in North Carolina who never otherwise would see it. I believe I

Special Session-Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.

32D CONG.....3D Sess.


might appeal, if necessary, for confirmation of sentatives to lose the bill, or else give this appro ancient associates who served with me in this body what I have said to the honorable Senator from priation among others which they had refused. twenty-four years ago is now present. I am irreCalifornia, (Mr. Gwin,) the chairman of the Com- | I have always said, and always will say, that sistibly led back to the events of a period over mittee on Commerce, (Mr. HAMLIN,) and to other although the Senator from North Carolina does which nearly a quarter of a century has spread its Senators, but I have done.

not make much noise about his State here in the mantle, when those who filled this Chamber as Mr. GWIN. I consider it an act of duty to Senate, yet, whenever the interests of his State the representatives of the sovereign States of this the honorable Senator from North Carolina, to are before a committee, he attends to them with as Union mingled in discussion on the great issues corroborate every word he has stated with regard much zeal and fidelity as any member of the body then before the country, and when the walls of to this matter. He brought that subject to the attends to the interests of his constituents. I have this Chamber daily rung with the echoes of their notice of the Committee on Naval Affairs before never known him to be wanting on any proper voices, as they poured forth “the logic and the the naval appropriation bill had come from the occasion.

wisdom and the wit” for which they were so preHouse of Representatives, and he always pressed Mr. HAMLIN. I think it but just that I ëminently distinguished. Their debates were but it upon me as an important measure, and mani should bear testimony to what has fallen from the justly compared to the procession of a Roman fested an earnest desire to have the subject con Senator from North Carolina, so far as the action triumph moving in dignity and order to the lofty sidered when we met at the proper time. When of the Committee on Commerce is concerned, and music of its march, and glittering all over with the the naval appropriation bill came from the House so far as his application in relation to the subject spoils of the civilized world. They are gone; and of Representatives, it was at so late a period in before the committee is concerned. An actual 1, the youngest and humblest of their body, am the session, that without being fully considered, report was made to the Senate, embracing esti left to tell the tale. The last of them who left this I am sure without being considered at all in the mates for all appropriations for harbors, rivers, scene of their strifes and contentions, was the presCommittee on Finance, it was reported without and lakes; and in that communication were esti ent Vice President of the United States, the Hon. amendment, and the responsibility was thrown mates for the two places he has named: Cape William R. King, who presided over the deliberupon the Naval Committee, of proposing amend Fear river and the Savannah river. So earnest ations of the Senate nearly twenty years with ments to it. And I will say that when the Naval was the Senator from North Carolina to have unsurpassed ability and impartiality, and who, Committee met for the purpose of proposing these subjects separate and distinct from all others, during a long period, occupied the post of chief amendments which they had prepared to the bill, that he came personally before the Committee on distinction here as the chairman of the Committee the first one that came up was the amendment for Commerce and solicited its separate action. In | on Foreign Relations. the appropriation for the improvement of Cape the judgment of the committee, there was no dif « Statesman, yet friend to truth, of soul sincere, Fear river, and in order that it should have that ference between these cases and others contained In action faithful, and in honor clear!” consideration to which the committee thought it | in the general estimates, except in degree; and if I confess, also, a feeling of embarrassment from entitled, when the bill came up for consideration | there was a more urgent necessity for these cases, another source. I am called upon to vindicate in the Senate, I gave way, as chairman of the there was still an urgent necessity for other cases; myself against charges of the grossest character Naval Committee, to allow the Senator from Geor and while I, as chairman of the committee, was in preferred against me here during my absence. It is gia, (Mr. CHARLTON—the honorable Senator favor of separate reports in the case, the com the first time in the course of a long life that I have from North Carolina (Mr. BADGER) being in the mittee overruled me, and were unwilling to sepa found it necessary to defend myself against degradchair-to make a motion to consider this amend rate it from a general bill. I think the Senator ing imputations before any public tribunal. The ment first, so that if there was any contest with from North Carolina has erred in one particular, calumnies which have been uttered here, were all regard to it, there might be a full and fair oppor and I think the Senate has a right to complain, made in connection with the treaty of the 19th of tunity of discussing it, in order to show the ne but not his constituents; and that was, taking the April, 1850; and I intend, if health and strength cessity of the appropriation.

matter from the appropriate committee to which permit, to vindicate the course which I adopted Further than that: the amendment passed this it belonged and carrying it to a committee which while acting as Secretary of State under the adbody, as is known, without any serious opposition; had not the subject before them, and getting an ministration of the lamented Taylor, in regard to and when the Committee of Conference was raised, appropriation here somewhat by indirection. I the negotiation of that treaty. It is a duty incumthe Senator from North Carolina came to me, and do not find fault with him. I did not know that bent on me to speak; not, however, merely for I believe to the Senator from Georgia (Mr. Daw the recommendation of the Committee on Naval my own vindication, but to enable others now in SON) also, who was a member of the Committee Affairs had been made until it was adopted. The the administration of the Government to underof Conference, and urged, with all the earnestness Senator from North Carolina knows very well stand a subject upon which truth has been more and power he possessed, the necessity of this ap that I opposed a similar appropriation when of perverted, and falsehood more industriously proppropriation, and he brought reasons to bear on my fered by the Senator from New York, and he also agated, than on any other topic of the day. In mind which were imperative, for insisting upon it. knows very well that I would have opposed his discharging this duty, I shall endeavor to speak It is well known that I voted against the river and proposition if I had been in my place when it was of others with all possible respect, consistently harbor bill on account of its partial operation. I offered. But inasmuch as it was adopted by the with what I owe to truth, to the country, and to looked upon this as an improvement that was ne Senate at the earnest solicitation of the Senator myself. All who recollect my course of conduct cessary, because the obstruction was created by from North Carolina, I withdrew the motion to while I occupied a seat in this Chamber, will bear the Government itself. Not only did I advocate it reconsider it.

me witness that I never assailed any man personin the Committee of Conference, as I stated to the Mr. BORLAND. I hope I will be permitted ally in debate-never was engaged in any controSenator that I would, but the committee broke up to say one word in connection with this subject. versy, personal in its character, with any one on this especial item, and the one connected with As is well known, I have as little political sym unless it was previously provoked by him. Odi the naval depôt at New Orleans. And when a pathy with the Senator from Norih Carolina as accipitrem. But now let it be well understood by second Committee of Conference was called, of any other member of this body. I am proud to all here, that for every word I utter in debate, I which I was a member, that committee on three say, however, that personally our relations are, hold myself personally responsible everywhere, different occasions were prepared to separate, be | and always have been, of the most pleasant char as a gentleman and a man of honor. I have very cause the Senators from Georgia and Louisiana acter. In regard to this particular matter, it so great contempt for that class of puppies whose refused peremptorily to give up this appropriation happens that I can speak to one point of some im courage is evinced by their silence when they are at the earnest suggestion of the Senator from portance. When the appropriation came before hung up by the ear. When attacked, I will deNorth Carolina. There never was a greater in the Senate, or rather when I knew it was coming fend myself without the slightest regard to consejustice done to any man than that of saying that before the Senate, I expressed an opposition to it; quences; and in doing that, as I am liable to the he has not exerted himself, from the beginning to || not that I objected to the removal of the obstruc infirmities of other men, I will carry the war into the end, in order to get the appropriation. He | tions, but I'objected to it as a separate measure, Africa whenever I think the assailant worthy of may not have spoken in the Senate on this sub | and insisted that it should take its stand among my notice. On this occasion much of what I inject, it is true, but he did speak to that portion of | the appropriations for removing obstructions in tended to say must be omitted, in consequence of this body to whom the power of bringing the other rivers and harbors. The Senator from North the absence of the distinguished Senator from measure forward was intrusted—the Committee on | Carolina came to me, and made an appeal in be Michigan, (Mr. Cass,) who introduced the disNaval Affairs.

half of this particular work, and put its character cussion in this Chamber of Thursday, the 6th of Mr. BADGER. I was in the chair.

and its necessity in such a light before me, that I January last. I regret his absence, and the cause Mr. GWIN. I will say further, that when the yielded to his request; and I must be permitted to of it. I cannot say those things which I had infirst committee broke up, and we came back and say, however it may reflect on me generally as a tended to say to him if he were here, for I do not reported that we could not agree, it is well known legislator, that I was as much influenced by my much approve of the modern plan of attacking that the Senator from North Carolina moved that we | personal relations and kindness for him as any absent men, who can have no opportunity of deuld adhere to our amendments; and he withdrew || conviction of the importance of the work.

fending themselves on the spot. However, in that motion at my solicitation, in order that we

speaking of the subjects referred to in that debate,

CLAYTON-BULWER TREATY. might agree with the House on all the amend.

in which that Senator was my principal accuser ments which we were willing to give up. And

The Senate resumed the consideration of the during my absence, I must necessarily speak of then he intended to move to adhere, and make it | resolutions submitted on Monday last by Mr. him, because my own defense, for which I have deimperative upon the House of Representatives to CLAYTON.

manded liberty of speech at the first moment after reject the bill, or agree to this amendment. But.

Mr. CLAYTON concluded the remarks which he the Senate could possibly hear me, would otherat the earnest solicitation of the chairman of the commenced yesterday. His speech is as fol wise be unintelligible. And I will say further, Committee on Finance, and other members of the lows:

that I am willing to remain here till harvest if neSenate, I retained the floor, and made the motion Mr. CLAYTON. In rising for the first time, || cessary, in order that all others who may choose to insist, and agree to another committee of con- | after a long absence, to address the Senate, I labor | to reply to anything I shall say, may have full and ference. The Senator from North Carolina voted ll under some embarrassment, from observing that ample opportunity of doing so. against that motion, because he wanted to adhere, ll the gentlemen around me are generally strangers || At the time to which I have referred, the 6th of and make it imperative upon the House of Repre- Il to me, and that not a single individual of all my U January last, the Senator from Michigan rose in


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Special Session Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.



his place, and demanded an opportunity to make a to-day, that we cannot come to an understanding || is, therefore, in this respect, no longer merely depersonal explanation. In the course of that ex in relation to these matters.

fensive. I deny the statements of the committee planation he distinctly charged me, as all the re. The correspondence of Mr. King, and his whole so far as they go to excuse those who assailed me, ports of his remarks which appeared in the public conduct towards me while I was acting as Secre- || and I become the accuser in my turn. The stateprints on that and the succeeding day will show, || tary of State, were worthy of my highest respect. ment of the committee to which I mean to except with having recognized the British title in Hondu He was frank, open, and manly, in all his com is, that “the boundaries allotted to the British ras, commonly called the Balize. My letter to Mr. || munications with me on all occasions. He was settlements on the Balize by the treaties of 1783 Bulwer, on the 4th of July, 1850, completely dis ever true to his word. I consulted him as one of 6 and 1786, lie altogether within the territory of proves this accusation, and shows that I carefully the fathers of the Senate, and as one of the chief the Republic of Guatemala.” I mean to mainavoided the very thing of which he accused me. constitutional advisers of the President in reference | tain that this opinion or statement of the commitAnother version of his speech afterwards ap to the treaty, as it progressed from time to time. tee, whether considered politically, geographicalpeared, charging me with having admitted by my We both agreed that we never could, and never ly, or historically, is utterly and absolutely erroletter that Central America was not Central Amer would recognize any title to the eminent domain, neous; and that the British settlements within the ica at all, and that the treaty did not apply to any as existing in Great Britain, in what was called | boundaries allotted to them by the treaties of 1783 territory where Great Britain had any sort of British Honduras or Balize. We concurred ex and 1786 are and ever have been, from the earliest claim. "This also is disproved by the letier. Both actly with the report of the honorable chairman of history of that country, within that intendency of these statements did me gross injustice, and they the Committee on Foreign Relations, that all the Mexico called Yucatan, or Merida, and never went on the wings of the lightning to all parts of title that Great Britain had in the territory called formed a portion, and do not at this day form a the country before I could possibly refute them. Balize, was the right of occupancy in the territory | portion, either of the State of Guatemala, or of the It is said falsehood will travel a league before truth pointed out in the treaty of 1786 between Great ancient viceroyalty of Guatemala, or of that councan put on his boots, and so I found it. Britain and Spain.

try which is known among statesmen by the name But, sir, there was a much more grave and se Sir, there were other extraordinary statements of Central America. rious accusation than that. If I understand it at made on that occasion. It was stated by some The term Central America has been used among all, it was a charge that I had inserted in the letter one in debate that General Taylor's executive some blundering geographers and careless travelers to Sir Henry L. Bulwer a direct falsehood; that I message to the Senate, communicating the treaty as applicable to many different parts of this hemihad stated that Mr. King, the chairman of the Com- of the 19th of April, 1850, had described the coun- | sphere. I can supply the committee with several mittee on Foreign Relations, the chosen organ ofthe try within which the British were not to occupy, such books as “ Johnson's Gazetteer,” which was Senate to communicate with me as much the or fortify, colonize, or assume or exercise any do- | quoted in debate, and which describes it as congan of this body as I was the organ of the Presi- | minion, as extending from the southern part of taining a large portion of Mexico and the whole Redent to communicate to the Senate through him, Mexico to the interior of New Granada. The public of New Granada. Such was the character had informed me that the Senate perfectly under- | President had stated in that executive message, of the authority relied upon in debate here by some stood at the time they voted upon the treaty of the that the treaty provided for the protection of all Senators, to prove that they understood, when 19th of April, 1850, that British Honduras was the routes between the points which I have just they voted on the treaty of the 19th of April, 1850, not included in that treaty. The Senator from named; but the country from which the British | that British Honduras was included in that treaty. Michigan declared in the presence of the Ameri were excluded by the treaty, was the country de Of course, then, they understood that the treaty can Senate, that he had that very morning himself scribed in the first article. The eighth article covered not only a large portion of Mexico, but the waited on Mr. King, and had received from Mr. speaks of protection to be given to the Tehuante- || whole Republic of New Granada! Now, among King's own lips the positive denial of the asser pec route and the Panama route; and a sad blun-statesmen and legislators, the boundaries of a countion. Now, Mr. President, I can understand this: der was made by somebody in quoting that pas- try designated by a particular phrase are those a man of hasty impulses might make a great mis sage to show that British Honduras was included | which their own Governments have recognized untake even in reference to a subject of that charac in that treaty. It is unnecessary for me to expose der that designation. We made a treaty, on the ter, and might misunderstand Mr. King.

what is at once made palpable to every one who || 5th of December, 1825, with Central America, or But on the Saturday succeeding that debate will look at the eighth section of the treaty. “Centro-America," and we have repeatedly acthere appeared in the public papers of this city, Again: it was insinuated in debate, if I under- || credited ministers, for whose missions Congress under my own hand, a vindication of myself stood it, that the President and Cabinet had not has made appropriations from time to time, to the against the charge, and Mr. King's own letter, been informed of my proceedings at the time of Government of Central America. At the same dated at the very time I was writing the letter to the exchange of the ratifications. On what au- time we have sent other men as ministers to New Sir Henry L. Bulwer, informing me, in the very thority such an insinuation may have been made, Granada as a separate Government—to Mexico as words used by me in the letter to Sir Henry, it is impossible for me to conjecture, for I think at another Government-special agents to Yucatan, " that the Senate perfectly understood that British this very moment one of the Cabinet of President and consuls to British Honduras. The writers of Honduras was not included in the treaty." ITaylor is within hearing of my voice, and will gazetteers and careless travelers may classify counhave the original letter now before me. The Sen- | bear testimony with me, as every other member tries according to fancy, and nobody is hurt by it ator from Michigan surely saw that letter in the would, that the whole subject was referred to the if they happen to extend the name of Central newspaper, or he heard it here in debate; for some President, and perfectly understood by every Cab- | America to the whole isthmus between North and of my friends, to whom I owe great acknowledg. inet minister, as well as by the President himself. South America, or even to the arctic circle; but a ments for their defense of me on the occasion, It is only necessary to mention these things, and statosman is expected to speak, when writing a brought that letter to the notice of the Senator; I have done with them. It is painful to allude to treaty, in the language and according to the meaning and it appears from the card of Mr. Bragg, a accusations built upon such miserable statements of the terms employed by his own Government in gentleman of the other House and a friend of Mr. as this.

former treaties and laws. Our treaty with “CentroKing, published on the Tuesday succeeding, in At the instance of the Senator from Michigan, || America," or Central America, of December 5th, the public papers of the city, that the honorable a resolution was adopted by the Senate on the 27th | 1825, was a treaty with the confederated States of Senator from Michigan must himself have seen of January last, referring, my correspondence Guatemala, San Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Mr. King after the morning on which he made his with Sir H. L. Bulwer, at the time of exchanging and Costa Rica; and the constitution of the Reaccusation against me, and received from Mr. ratifications, to the Committee on Foreign Rela- | public of Central America, adopted on the 22d of King's own lips a denial of the statement which tions, with instructions to that committee to in- | November, 1824, and officially communicated to the Senator made on this floor. And, sir, what quire what measures were necessary on the part our Government before we made the treaty with follows that? The Senator came into the Senate of the Senate to be taken on account of it. On that Republic, described its territories as embracing on the Monday following, and, as Mr. Bragg | the 11th of February, the committee reported a only the ancient viceroyalty of Guatemala, with tates in his letter, reiterated the accusation against | resolution that Mr. Bulwer's declaration and my the exception of the province of Chiapas. Whatme. It does not appear upon the debates that he reply to it " import nothing more than an admis ever was excluded by Central America from her did so; but this did appear: that he was entirely •sion on the part of the two Governments, or own limits, could not be embraced in any treaty silent in regard to the whole matter of his charge. their functionaries, at the time of exchanging with that Government, or any treaty respecting its In referring to the letter of Mr. King, he only said ratifications, that nothing contained in the treaty | territories with any other Government. So far, that he had nothing to do with it. This left Mr. l was to be considered as affecting the title or ex the committee and I agree. They have repudiKing in an unpleasant position as well as myself; •isting rights of Great Britain to the English set ated the preposterous and silly conclusions arrived and the Senator never did me the justice on any • tlements in Honduras Bay, and consequently, at by certain gentlemen in the debate of the 6th of occasion to retract the statement which he had that no measures are necessary on the part of the January. These are errors of which a schoolboy made here on the 6th day of January. Of that I •Senate to be taken because of Sir Henry's dec | ought to be ashamed, and I content myself with feel that I have great cause to complain. There « laration and my reply.'

referring to the facility with which the committee was nothing in the personal relations of the Sen To this part of the report, which acquitted me have rejected the geography of such learned Theator from Michigan with myself to warrant me of the imputations cast upon me, I of course do bans, and adopted the conclusion that the treaty in the expectation that he would make such an not object. The committee have negatived all the of 1850 includes nothing more than the Central assault upon me. So far as I understood those re statements of those who declared that the Senate | America embraced in her own constitution. But lations we had been very friendly. He had been did not understand the treaty as I had explained the report of the committee shall not cover the kind to one who was dear to me, and I thought it to Mr. Bulwer, or have deemed them unworthy | ignorance of others, who asserted with so much I had repaid the obligation by being as kind to of their notice. My triumph over these accusa

confidence here that British Honduras was incluone who stood in the same relation to him. In all tions is completed by the report of the very tribu-ded in the treaty. I shall proceed to prove, bethe intercourse which I had with him there was nal selected by my accusers in my absence to try yond the power of successful denial,

that the setshould as soon have suspected any other man of port, which, although it is not necessary for my of 1786, could not by possibility be included in the no evidence whatever of personal hostility, and I me. But there is one part of the committee's re- tlements at Balize, within the limits of the treaty doing me injustice as the Senator from Michigan. | justification to refute it, yet is indispensable as an territory of Central America; and I now throw It is for that reason that I regret he is not here excuse for those who assailed me. My attitude Il down the gauntlet, not only to all these wise men

32D CONG.....30 SESS.

Special Session-— Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.



who thought me so silly for admitting that these confirmation of her title to the settlements at Balize, Great Britain had encouraged without manifest settlements were not within the treaty, but even derived from the Spanish treaty of 1786. It was dishonor to the local Government. If Great Brito this Committee on Foreign Relations, and in- important for Great Britain to ascertain how far tain had sought to seize upon the territory, she vite them to defend this part of their report if they | Guatemala might have any claim to the Balize ter could much more easily have forced the concession

ritory. Both Guatemala and Mexico had revolted of it from the little State of Guatemala than from I shall prove them to have been guilty of a gross from Spain, and Great Britain had equally recog Mexico, a greatly superior Power. error, first, by the authorities which they them nized and favored them both. It was immaterial The next authority relied upon by the commitselves have relied upon, and then by every au to her whether the Balize was situated in Mexico tee is hearsay evidence, and we are not allowed to thority, whether political, geographical, or histor or Guatemala, as either of them would unhesitat know the name of the witness. The report says: ical, which is worthy of respect.

ingly have recognized the grant made by Spain of " And the committee are informed that on the official map And first, as to the authorities relied upon by the useful domain”in British Honduras, granted of Yucatan, subscribed by Señor Negra, as commissioner the committee. The report states that the Rio || by the treaty with Spain of 1786. She sought to

of that province, published in 1848, the southern boundary Hondo, the northern limit of the Balize settlement,

of that State is established on the parallel of eighteen deknow only which had the right to grant it, and

grees north latitude." is claimed by Guatemala to be wholly within its she ascertained beyond all possible doubt from the territory. Even if this were true, it would prove archives, not only of Mexico, but of Guatemala If this be true, it only proves that the British nothing; for no impartial judge ever admits a party herself, that the British settlements at the Balize

settlements at the Balize had encroached further on his own mere assertion to be the owner of any were in Yucatan. Arrowsmith's map, reduced upon Yucatan and Mexico than we had supposed. property out of his possession, and in the posses from the survey, in the archives of Guatemala, to

li, however, this fact is adduced to prove that sion of another who claims it, as is the case here. which I have referred, shows that Vera Paz is

Guatemala extends to the eighteenth degree of But it is not true that Guatemala claims or ever about one hundred and thirty miles south of the north latitude, it proves too much, and it cannot has claimed the territory marked out for the Balize Rio Hondo and the Balize river, and that “Peten,” possibly be true, for then Guatemala would include by the treaty of 1786. To sustain their assertion, and not Vera Paz, is the northern province of the celebrated Bacalar, and the fort there established the commitiee first quote Captain Bonnycastle's Guatemala. Vera Paz is far south of the "Wal

as the northern limit of the British settlers. It is not description of the boundaries of Vera Paz, which | lys,” or Balize, so called from the old English pretended that on this map, which the committee literally proves nothing at all; then they refer to buccaneer Wallace, who first harbored in British never saw, Yucatan is bounded by Guatemala; and the map which accompanies the work, and say Honduras. On that map, furnished from the sur

if the man who gave this information will produce that “on that, whicho (they admit) is upon too vey of Guatemala herself, the Balize settlement the map, I will stake the whole issue between the small a scale distinctly to mark the boundaries, extends at least fifty miles south of the river committee and myself on the fact that the souththe river • Wallys'or Balize would appear marked “ Wallys," and no part of Guatemala is nearer

ern boundary of Yucatan will appear by it to be in the province of Vera Paz.” For the bounda

than eighty miles south of the mouth of the Rio on British Honduras, or Balize. ries extracted from Captain Bonnycastle’s“ Span- || Hondo. Like every other map made by Guate

The next and last authorities relied upon by this ish America,” we are referred by the committee mala or under her surveys, it has but little pre

committee to prove that British Honduras lies in to vol. 1, page 165. Any man who will look at tension to scientific arrangement; but it is repre

the State of Guatemala are still more remarkable. them will see that they are perfectly consistent sented as conveying a just idea of the then exist- | This part of the report is so extraordinary in its with what that author had said before, which ing state of geography in Guatemala, and of her character that I dare not attempt to state the mere completely oversets the committee, and which I own claims as exhibited by her own original sur

substance of it lest I should do the committee innow proceed to quote. First:

vey. I will send the map to the chairman of the justice. I will “speak by the book lest equivoca“ Yucatan is the most easterly province of the kingdom committee, if he requests it; and as it is said to tion should undo me." It is, literally, as follows: of New Spain, and is in the form of a peninsula jutting out have been one of the very maps made by order of

" In 1834 the State of Guatemala, made a large grant of into the Gulf of Mexico from the main land of the isthmus ; the British Government to ascertain from what

land to a company, on condition of actual seulement, in the it is surrounded on the north west by the waters of the Mex

neighborhood of the “ Bay of Honduras,' when the British ican Gulf; by the Bay or Gulf or Honduras on the south country they should obtain a confirmation of the

authorities at Balize interposed and forbid the settlement, east; the province of Vera Cruz bounds it on the south Spanish title of occupancy granted to the British claiming that the grant was within their boundaries. This west, and 'Vera Paz, in Guatemala, on the south. Here settlers by the treaty of 1786, it is the very best collision led the Government of Central America to make it is connected with the continent of North America by an evidence that Guatemala had no claims whatever

it the occasion of a special commission to England to settle isthmus of about one hundred and twenty miles in breadth.

and adjust the respective rights of the Republic of Guatemala THE ENGLISH HAVE SETTLEMENTS EXTENDING A SHORT to the Balize; for Great Britain could, I repeat, as

and of Great Britain, in reference to the British settlements DISTANCE ALONG THE EAST COAST OF YUCATAN, OPPO easily have obtained the grant of the useful do in this quarter. This fact was communicated to the Gov. SITE AMBURGUS Key."-P. 122.

main in the Balize from Guatemala as from Mex erminent of the United States by M. Alvarez, Secretary for Then again:

Foreign Affairs of the Central American Confederation, in ico. Having thus ascertained that Guatemala had

a dispatch to the Secretary of State, dated December 30, “The eastern coast of Yucatan is not inhabited by Spanno claims, she proceeded to negotiate with Mex

1834, and the good offices of this Government with the ish colonists, the English alone appearing there, except

ico; and on the 26th of December afterwards, she British Court were solicited in the proposed negotiation. in the small fort of Bacalar, which has been built to prevent made a treaty with Mexico, of which the follow In that dispatch the Secretary of State, reminded of the the British from going into the interior.”—P. 123.

avowed policy of this Government concerning European ing is the 14th article:

colonization on the American continents, is referred to the So we see that the first authority. cited by the

“ARTICLE xiv. The subjects of his Britannic Majesty

aggressions and encroachments at Balize upon the territory committee entirely fails them, and proves that the shall, on no account or pretext whatsoever, be disturbed or

of Central America. The mission, it appears, was fruitBritish settlements are in Yucatan.

less. molested in the peaceable possession and exercise of whatThe next authority relied on by the committee ever rights, privileges, and immunities they have at any

" The British Government, claiming that Don Juan Gais "an atlas of Guatemala, in eight maps, prepared time enjoyed within the limits described and laid down in

lindo, the Minister, was a British subject by birth, refused a convention, signed between his said Majesty and the

to accredit him as the Minister of Central America. In and engraved in Guatemala, by order of the Chief King of Spain, on the 14th of July, 1786, whether such

one of the letters of this Minister, Don Galindo, whilst in of the State, C. D. Mariano Galves,” in 1832, on rights, privileges, and immunities shall be derived from the Washington, to the Secretary of State, dated June 3, 1835, which the committee say " the northern and weststipulations of the said convention, or from any other con

he communicates a paper, prepared and published in Guaern boundary of Guatemala, although called cession which may at any time have been made by the

temala, by Señor Annitia, a member of the Federal ConKing of Spain, or his predecessors, to British subjects and

gress of Central America for the State of Guatemala, in "Lindero Indefinido,'(line undefined,) is thrown settlers residing and following their lawful occupations

which, reciting that the English settlements between the north of the Rio Hondo; which river, both on within the limits aforesaid; the two contracting parties re

Rio Hondo and the Balize are in our territory,' an able and • the map of the Republic of Guatemala and on serving, however, for some more fitting opportunity, the

forcible exposition is made of the injury resulting to Cen• that of the department of Vera Paz, contained in further arrangements of this article."

tral America by the smuggling openly carried on at the Ba

Jize, in defiance of the revenue laws of the Confederation; the atlas, is altogether within the limits of Vera No such treaty was made with Guatemala that and a strong remonstrance against the pretensions of the • Paz.” Now, the first observation which I have

authorities there claiming a right to occupy as they held we ever heard of. We see by this treaty that

in 1821, (the date of the revolution,) and regardless of the to make in regard to this authority is, that a map Great Britain admitted that the eminent domain

treaty limils with Spain. In the letter of the Minister for engraved by order of the President of the United which Spain had lost by the revolution had de Foreign Affairs, beiore referred to, this encroachment is States, including the Canadas within our own scended upon Mexico. She did not seek to rob stated at inore than forty-five leagues." limits, would not be regarded by any sensible man Mexico of the sovereignty over the country; she The only thing in all this statement of the comin a foreign nation as much proof to show that we gained nothing by the treaty which Spain had not mittee which can be relied upon as the claim of were entitled to the Canadas; and the next remark before granted to her; and as she sought only the Guatemala herself, in regard to the extent of her I have to make is, that no northern and western grant of the useful domain, or merely the rights own territories, is the letter of Alvarez, the Secboundary of Guatemala is laid down on these maps. of an old settler, there was not a civilized nation retary of Foreign Affairs of the Government of The undefined line proves nothing, and the pre on earth that would have refused to concede as Central America. The letters of John Galindo, tension that the Rio Hondo was in the depart- | much as Mexico did. If she had thought Guate. an Irishman, who came here merely as a bearer of ment of Vera Paz is too absurb in the eyes of any mala had any right to the territory she would dispatches, and so states in his letter of the 22d of man acquainted even with the pretensions of Gua- || have applies to her to make the same grant, and May, 1835, and whom the British Government temala to be credited for a moment. The map that Siate could as well have refused to confirm | refused to receive as a commissioner to remonitself shows that Balize is not in Guatemala. In the grant of lands held under her limits for any strate against the alleged British encroachments the State Department was a map to which this other private or special purposes as she could on Guatemala, and the paper of Señor Annitia, committee ought to have had access, but of which have refused to make the same concession which which is a magniloquent address or speech by a they knew nothing, which proves that the British Mexico made. The rights of Great Britain, under member of Congress of Central America to the had obtained the survey of Guatemala, found in the treaty of 1786, to occupy the land and to cut people there, (never intended for us,) from which her own archives in 1826, that is, six years before I dye-wood and mahogany, to erect mills to saw it, he doubtless expected to derive much petty local the maps relied on were made. It is entitled to fish upon the coast, to refit their ships at the ad popularity, do not bind the Government of Gua“Map of Guatemala, reduced from the survey in joining islands and territories embraced in the tri- temala, are not uttered by her authority, and are the archives of that country.

.” It was published || angle described in that treaty, and to occupy those worth about as much as the letters of one of our January 13, 1826, by Arrowsmith, the royal islands when the vomito would not permit them to own bearer of dispatches abroad setting forth the hydrographer. Great Britain was about to make a remain on the main land, were rights which could claims of our Government, or the speeches of one treaty with Mexico, and to obtain from Mexico a not be divested by that very revolution which of our modern advocates of the Monroe doctrine,

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