« PoprzedniaDalej »
in the country and in the State of New York The resolution of Mr. HULBURD was read, as office in the Army and had taken his seat in will be a sufficient guarantee for the probity and follows:
this House. I have no suggestions to make the ability which will be brought to the ser- Resolved, That n select committee of five members about this, except that I consider the point vice--I ask him to move that a committee be of this Houso be appointed to investigate the state- well taken, and that in my view this compiittee,
ments and charges made by llon. Roscoe CONKLING appointed by the House to investigate the in his place last week against Provost Marshal Gon
if appointed, ought to investigate the matter. doings of the Provost Marshal General's Bu
eral Fry: whether any frauds have been perpetrated I do not believe that the gentleman received reau, and let us see whether a man, however in his office in connection with recruiting service; the money rightfully, though I will say this humble he may be, who rises here to denounce
also, to examine into the statements made by Gen-
much of him, if he will permit me, that I have what he knows to be a public wrong, is to be read in the House this day; with power to send for
no doubt he will restore it if convinced he has shuffled off by newspaper effects, or effects persons and papers.
taken it improperly. to be produced by sending here to be read such
Mr. CONKLING. I suggest to my col
Now, Mr. Speaker, all I have to say further a communication as lies before us.
league [Mr. HULBURD] to modify his resolu- in connection with this matter is, that what I man and his trusted agents are innocent he tion so as to provide for the investigation of
stated the other day has, as I conceive, been and they should have a full and thorough
any charges made against Provost Marshal fully, entirely, and emphatically vindicated by investigation of all the practices of which they General Fry and his bureau.
the record. I believe I have shown the memstand accused.
Mr. ROSS. Might it not be well to enlarge
bers of this House that I am incapable of statI now yield the floor to my colleague for the the powers of the committee so that they can
ing anything here for which I am not responpurpose I have indicated. investigate whether the gentleman from New
sible—not exactly " here or elsewhere': --but Mr. HIULBURD. I presume I shall meet York (Mr. CONKLING] has received more pay
responsible as a gentleman and as a Representthe sense of the House when I say that it has than he was entitled to receive?
ative. probably devoted as much time as it ought to Mr. CONKLING. I should like to have
Mr. THAYER. I move that this resolution do to this matter between my colleague, the that done. I hope the committee will report
be referred to the Committee on Military gentleman from Maine, and the Provost Maron that whether it is embraced in the resolu
Affairs. shal General. I propose to send to the Chair tion or not.
Mr. CONKLING. Mr. Speaker, I sought a resolution asking for the appointment of a Mr. HULBURD. That is embraced in the
the floor again to say this, which possibly I select committee of five, because I deem the resolution now, it being one of the statements
omitted to state before: that no commission was matter so very grave that it is due to my colcontained in the letter of General Fry.
ever issued to me by the Judge Advocate Genleague, due to the Provost Marshal General,
Mr. ROSS. That will do, then.
eral. For fear that I omitted to state it, I beg and due to the country that the subject shall
The question was upon agreeing to the reso
leave to say that no commission, paper, or be further investigated. And in view of the lution of Mr. HIULBURD.
authority whatever was ever issued to me except complimentary remarks which my colleague
Mr. BLAINE. I do not know that I have || the letter of retainer which has been read, has inade, I am confirmed in the design of
anything to say, and I shall not take very long employing me to act, according to its language, putting in a disclaimer, which I had intended to say it. I do not happen to possess the vol
before military courts and before other tribu to do, and asking the Chair, if the House shall
nals. order this committee, not to place me upon | trict, [Mr. COXKLiNG.] It took him thirty ubility of the gentleman from the Utica dis
Mr. BLAINE. Mr. Speakerit, as parliamentary courtesy might otherwise minutes the other day to explain that an alter
The SPEAKER. Does the gentleman from seem to require. I have a sufficient reason ation in the reporter's notes for the Globe
New York yield to the gentleman from Maine? for it in the fact that the House has referred was no alteration at all; and I do not think he
Mr. COŇKLING. No. sir. I do not wish for investigation to the Committee on Public convinced the House after all. And it has to have anything to do with the member from Expenditures, of which I am chairman, varitaken him an hour to-day to explain that while
Maine, not even so much as to yield him the ous important matters connected with customhe and General Fry have been at swords' points
floor. houses, and the internal revenue service at for a year, there has been no difficulty at all
Mr. BLAINE. All right. Boston and elsewhere; and I feel that we shall between them. He has said that General Fry
Mr. CONKLING. I only want to say that have as much as we can possibly do to carry
is of no consequence, that he is a mere clerk the only authority under which I acted was out that resolution.
in the War Department.
Yet he is a very
that which has been read, and that I acted as Mr. THAYER. I rise to a point of order. sensitive clerk, and when he has been accused
counsel for the United States, and the busiI do not think the indulgence. granted by the of all sorts of fraud, he should have a little
ness of counsel in that particular case I tried, House extended this far. The gentleman from chance to be lieard.
as the case was tried before a military tribunal, Maine [Mr. BLAINE) asked leave of the House
Now, one single word. The gentleman from was, of course, of the same general character to have a certain letter read from General Fry, New York [Mr. CONKLING] has attempted to
that would have been done by a judge advoLeave was granted, with the tacit understandpass off his appearance in this case as simply
cate, had there been a judge advocate for the ing that the gentleman from New York (Mr. CONKLING) should have leave to reply. That
the appearance of counsel. I want to read court, just as in the trial of the conspirators,
again for the information of the House the the distinguished gentleman who sits before he has done. Now, I do not think this mat
appointment under which the gentleman from me [Mr. BINGHAM] performed the same line ter should take up any further time of the New York appeared as the prosecutor on the
of professional employment that a regular members of this House, either in this House part of the Government. It is as follows:
judge advocate would have performed had he or in committees. And if I have the right, I
been there. shall object.
Now, Mr. Speaker, one thing further: if the
member from Maine had the least idea how point of order. The ruling has always been authorize you to investigate all cases of fraud in the profoundly indifferent I am to his opinion upon that when the House has permitted a personal provost marshal's department of the western divis- the subject which he has been discussing, or explanation to be made, whatever legitimately
ion of New York, and all misdemeanors connected
upon any other subject personal to me, I think or naturally grows out of it, in the opinion of report to this Department of the progress of your he would hardly take the trouble to rise here the majority of the House, is in order. The labors, and will apply for any special authority for and express his opinion. And as it is a matter Chair, of course, has no knowledge of what
which you may have occasion. The Judge. Advocate
of entire indifference to me what that opinion the resolution is, except from the remarks of ment as special judge advocate, for the prosecution may be, I certainly will not detain the House the gentleman from New York, [Mr. Hul- of any cases that may be brought to trial before a by discussing the question whether it is well or BURD;] but he supposes it relates to the very
military tribunal. You will also appear in behalf
ill founded, or by noticing what he says. ! question which has been brought in controversy more expedient to bring before the civil tribunals. submit the whole matter to the members of between the gentleman from New York [Mr. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
the House, making as I do an apology (for I
C. A. DANA, Conkling] and the gentleman from Maine,
Assistant Secretary of Wur.
feel that it is due to the House) for the length [Mr. BLAINE.] Hon. Roscoe CONKLiNG.
of time which I have occupied in consequence Mr. BLAINE. I hope the gentleman from Now, sir, I find in Brightly's Digest, page
of being drawn into explanations, originally Pennsylvania [Mr. Thayer) will withdraw his 821, section forty-six, that
by an interruption which I pronounced the objection.
other day ungentlemanly and impertinent, and Mr. THAYER. Where a gentleman asks
"No person who holds or shall hold any office under tho Government of the United States whose
having nothing whatever to do with the quesby way of personal explanation to have a paper salary or annual compensation shall amount to tho tion. read, with the understanding that another gen- sum of $2,500. shall receive compensation for dis- Mr. ROSS. I rise to a point of order. I tleman should be allowed to make a similar charging the duties of any other office."
submit that the defense of the gentleman from personal explanation, is it in order for any Now, sir, I leave it for the House to decide New York should be made before this commitmember of the House to introduce business, whether the gentleman can get off under the tee and not before the House. by resolution or otherwise, if it relates to the technical plea that he was not a judge advo- The SPEAKER. That is scarcely a point subject-matter of the personal explanation ? cate. He cannot deny that he discharged the of order.
The SPEAKER. If it relates to that sub- duties of judge advocate under the special Mr. BLAINE. It is hardly worth while to ject it is in order. Therefore the gentleman | commission which I have read, and he was pursue this controversy further; but still the from Illinois [Mr. Ross] was in order when paid for the discharge of those duties. The gentleman from New York cannot get off on he submitted the motion, which went to the case falls under the same law as that of the the technicality which he has suggested. He Committee on Printing under the law, that ten gentleman from Ohio, [Mr. SCHENCK,] who, says that a commission never was issued to thousand extra copies of the communication being elected a Representative in Congress hiin. I understand him to admit that if a from General Fry be printed for the use of this while yet a major general, declined to receive commission had been issued to him he could House.
any pay as a member until he had resigned his not have taken pay for both offices. Now,
everyone knows that those preliminary author. entitled “An act to encourage immigration,' signed by 63 citizens of Elba, Genesce county, Now izations are the things on which half the busi- || approved July 4, 1864, and an act entitled ' An
York, asking an increase of duty on wool. ness arising out of the war has been done. act to regulate the carriage of passengers in
Also, a renonstrance against a reorganization of
the Fcleral judiciary. Men have fought at the head of battalions and steamships and other vessels,' approved March By Mr. WARD: The resolutions of the Legislaturo divisions and Army corps without having re- 3, 1865, and for other purposes.
of the State of New York, in favor of the oqualizaceived their formal commissions. The gentle.
tion of bounties. And then, on motion of Mr. ROSS, (at five
By Mr. WOODDRIDGE: The remopstrance of M. man was just as much bound to respect the o'clock and fifteen minutes p. m.,) the House Da Costa, and 50 others, members of the bar in the law under that appointment as though it had | adjourned.
city of New York, practicing in the Federal courts. been a formal commission with the signature
against the passage of Senate bill to reorganize the
Federal judiciary. of the Secretary of War,
Also, the petition of Hon. John Gregory, and 10 As to the gentleman's cruel sarcasm, I hope
others, assistant assessors of the first congressional he will not be too severe.
district of Verinont, praying that the pay of assistant The contempt of
The following petitions, &c., were presented under that large-minded gentleman is 80 wilting; his the rule and referred to the appropriato commit
assessors may be increased to five dollars per day.
Also, the petition of Dr. Sydney Houghton, and haughty disdain, his grandiloquent swell, his By Mr. CONKLING: The petition of Mrs. Butts,
others, citizens of Rutland county, Vermont, praying majestic, supereminent, overpowering, turkey. and 65 other women of Hopedale, Massachusetts,
that medicines may be exempted from taxation. asking an amendment of the Constitution prohibit
Also, the petition of E. S. Newell, of Shorcham, gobbler strut has been so crushing to myself ing the States from disfranchising citizens on the
Verinont, for a reduction of the tax on agricultural and all the members of this House that I know ground of sex.
implements. it was an act of the greatest temerity for me to
Also, the petition of Joel Colvin, and 11 others, of
Danby, Vermont, asking an equalization of taxation venture upon a controversy with him. But, capture of Booth and his confederates.
on agricultural productions, sir, I know who is responsible for all this. I Also, resolutions of the Legislaturo of the State of know that within the last five weeks, as mem
New York, in favor of equalizing bounties. bers of the House will recollect, an extra strut By Mr. DAWSON: Joint resolution of the Legisla
IN SENATE. ture of Pennsylvania, instructing the Senators and bas characterized the gentleman's bearing. It Representatives of Pennsylvania relative to the
TUESDAY, May 1, 1866. is not his fault. It is the fault of another. That cqualization of bounties. Also, the petition of 38 citizens of Westmoreland
Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. E. H. GRAY. gifted and satirical writer, Theodore Tilton, of county, Pennsylvania, praying for an increase of the
The Journal of yesterday was read and the New York Independent, spent some weeks duty on imported wool.
approved. recently in this city. His letters published in
Also, the petition of 67 citizens of Indiana county,
EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS. that paper embraced, with many serious state
imported wool. ments, a little jocose satire, a part of which Also, the petition of 32 citizens of Fayette county, The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before was the statement that the mantle of the late Pennsylvania praying for an increase of the duty on the Senate a communication from the Secre.
imported wool. Winter Davis had fallen upon the member from Also, the potition of 116 citizens of Fayette county,
tary of War, transmitting, in answer to a reso. New York. The gentleman took it seriously, Pennsylvania, praying for an increase of the duty on
lution of the Senate of the 24th ultimo, a report and it has given his strut additional pomposity. imported wool.
from the Adjutant General covering all the The resemblance is great. It is striking. Hy.
Also, the petition of 51 citizens of Fayette county, evidence upon which the award of the com
Pennsylvania, praying for an incroaso of tho duty on perion to a satyr, Thersites to Hercules, mud imported wool.
mission appointed to examine the different to marble, dunghill to diamond, a singed cat
Also, the petition of 31 citizens of Fayetto county, claims to the reward offered for the apprehento a Bengal tiger, a whining puppy to a roar
Pennsylvania, praying for an increase of the duty on
sion of Jefferson Davis was based, including ing lion. Shade of the mighty Davis, forgive Also, the petition of 81 citizens of Fayetto county, copies of the report of Lieutenant Colonel D. the almost profanation of that jocose satire!
Pennsylvania, praying for an increase of the duty on B. Pritchard, of the fourth Michigan cavalry,
and of Lieutenant Colonel Henry Harnden, of the conclusion of these personal remarks that, Pennsylvania, praying for an increase of the duty on
the first Wisconsin cavalry, and stating that no as the House had granted unanimous consent imported wool.
orders were on record in the War Department for a personal explanation, and it was pre
Also, the petition of 42 citizens of Fayette county, under which those officers acted.
Pennsylvania, praying for an increaso of the duty on sumed, of course, personalities would be in- imported wool.
Mr. WILSON. I move the reference of that dulged in, he has refrained from calling gen;
By Mr. GRISWOLD: The petition of flax-grow- communication to the Committee on Military tlemen to order. If any member had called
ers of Washington county, New York, for protection. Affairs and the Militia.
Also, tho petition of wool-growers of Whitohall, to order, the Chair would at once have strictly Washington county, New York. for protection.
The motion was agreed to. enforced the rule.
Also, the petition of physicians, of Salem, Fort The PRESIDENT pro tempore also laid
Edward, and other places, in Washington county,
before the Senate a report of the Secretary of from Pennsylvania [Mr. THAYER] to withdraw on free list.
the Navy, in answer to a resolution of the Senthe motion to refer to the Committee on Mili
Also, a remonstrance, of lawyors of the city of
ate of the 24th ultimo, calling for copies of tary Affairs. Federal judiciary.
orders of that Department which deprive offiMr. SCHENCK. That committee has now By Mr. HENDERSON: A petition of the wool- cers of the Navy, who are not on duty, of cer: as much as it can attend to, and beside that,
growers of Kinox county, Illinois, praying for pro-
tain privileges of citizens; which was referred the gentleman from Maine is on that com- Also, a petition from hospital Army stewards, for to the Committee on Naval Affairs, and ordered mittee. increase of pay.
to be printed. Mr. BLAINE. I hope the gentleman will
By Mr. HOTCHKISS: The petition of citizens of the State of New York, for the amendment of the
PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS. withdraw his motion. I am a member of the Constitution changing the basis of representation. Comunittce on Military Affairs and the refer
Also, the petition of soldiers and citizens of Tomp- Mr. MORRILL presented the memorial of ence would be wholly improper.
kins county, New York, for the equalization of Nathan Webster, praying for compensation
bounties. Mr. HENDERSON. “I move to lay the By Mr, INGERSOLL: The petition of citizens of for property belonging to him taken during resolution on the table.
Galesburg and Oncida, Knox county, Illinois, pray: the war and used by the Government; which The motion was disagreed to.
ing for a law regulating inter-State insurances of all was referred to the Committee on Claims.
Mr. TRUMBULL presented the petition of motion to refer to the Committee on Military
Legislature of the State of New York, in favor of C. M. Roy, W. S. Wortman, and others, citi.
equalization of bounties. Affairs; and it was also disagreed to. By Mr. PAINE: The petition of Richard Van
zens of Macomb county, in the State of Illinois, Mr. CONKLING demanded the previous || Alstine, and others, citizens of Delavan, Walworth || praying for the enactment of equal and just
county, Wisconsin, for increase of duties on foreign question.
laws for the regulation of inter-State insurwools. The previous question was seconded and the Also, the petition of P. M. Latimer, and others,
ances; which was referred to the Committee main question ordered; and under the operacitizens of Darien, Walworth county, Wisconsin, for
on Commerce. tion thereof the resolution was adopted.
He also presented a petition of citizens of
Macomb county, in the State of Illinois, prayvote by which the resolution was adopted; and
ing for the establishment of a national Insuralso mored that the motion to reconsider be
Also, the petition of John Utter, and others, citi- ance Bureau; which was referred to the Com
zens of Walworth county, Wisconsin, for same. mittee on Commerce. laid upon the table.
Also, the petition of Charles P. Soper, and others,
Mr. TRUMBULL. I have also a petition
from one hundred and six citizens of Staunton, MESSAGE FROM TIIE SENATE.
By Mr. RANDALL, of Kentucky: The petition of
Augusta county, in the State of Virginia, statA message from the Senate, by Mr. FORNEY, tucky volunteers, that the members of that regiment | ing that United States troops have recently its Secretary, informed the House that the Sen: be allowed $100 bounty,
been withdrawn, not only from that county, but
By Mr. SAWYER: The petition of L. B. Chittenate had passed an act (S. No. 236) to authorize den, and 30 others, citizens of Waupacca connty, Wis
from most of the surrounding counties in that the construction of certain bridges and to estab- consin, praying for the enactment of equal laws for
section of the Shenandoah valley; and in view lish post roads, in which he was directed to the regulation of inter-State insurances.
of the fact that threats are being made from ask the concurrence of the House.
Also, the petition of W. P. McAllister, and 45 others, citizens of Winnebago county, Wisconsin, pray
various quarters against the lives and property ing for the enactment of equal laws for the regulation
of loyal men, and that, in their judgment, no REGULATION OF IMMIGRATION. of inter-State insurances.
protection or justice can be bad through the Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, demanded
By Mr. SCIENCK: Sundry petitions of citizens of Obio, for an equalization of bounties.
civil courts or at the hands of the civil officers the regular order of business.
By Mr, TILAYER: Tuo petitions from citizens of
of the law, the petitioners pray that troops may The SPEAKER stated the regular order of Jolinsville, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, and vicin- be immediately forwarded to that locality, and business to be the consideration of House bill
ity, asking for il muil route from Wariniuster to that such measures be adopted as will insure
Sonthampton, Lucks county, Pennsylvania,
to them justice in all matters of claims, and all
other matters relating to them, in a military of Columbia, South Carolina, asking compensation question of veracity, or something of the sort,
for the destruction of his house by the Federal Army court, or in any other manner deemed advisain February, 1865, had been presented to the Senate,
between two gentlemen, neither of whom is a ble by Congress. The names of these peti- accompanied by a letter from Major General Sher- member of this body, one a general in our Army tioners are attached to the petition, together man. In this letter General Sherinan uses the fol
and one a general in the rebel army. This is lowing language: 'They (the citizens of Columbia) with an affidavit, stating that the parties who set fire to thousands of bales of cotton rolled out into
not the place to settle those questions. The have signed it are personally known to the affi
the streets and which were burning before we entered practice that has grown up even in public ant, that they are citizens of said county of Columbia. I myself was in the city as early as noon,
speeches, or speeches addressed to the Senate, Augusta, and that the affiant verily believes the
and I saw their fires and knew that efforts were made
of reading private letters without signatures, persons therein named are good and loyal citi.
them alive. I gave no order for the burning of your or at least not reading the signatures, or even zens to the Government of the United States, city, but on the contrary, the reverse, and I believe with the signatures, is only calculated to take and were such during the late war. I move
the conflagration resulted from the great imprudence
up time; it has nothing to do in reality with that the petition be referred to the Committee spread to the winds so that it became an impossibility the business of Congress. More especially is on Military Affairs and the Militia, as the par
to arrest the fire. I saw in your Columbia newspa- it objectionable to bring up matters in referlies seek military protection.
pers the printed order of General Wade Hampton,
ence to gentlemen out of doors and calling on The motion was agreed to.
ton should thus be burned, and from what I saw my- the Senate or the House of Representatives to Mr. HOWE presented a petition of citizens self, I have no hesitation in saying that he was the
hear their differences and settle them. If they of Menomonee, in the State of Wisconsin, pray. cause of the destruction of your city.!”
ask any action of Congress, let them address ing for an appropriation for the improvement
That ends the quotation from General Sher
a memorial to this body or the other House in of the harbor at the mouth of Fox river, in that
man, and then General Hampton proceeds || proper shape and call for action. State; which was referred to the Committee
I, of course, do not wish to blame my friend on Commerce.
“This grave charge made against me by General
from Maryland; he is only following the examSherman having been brought before the Senate of Mr. MORGAN presented additional papers the United States. I am naturally most solicitous to ple of others in relation to the matter; but I relating to the claim of the Mercantile Mutual
vindicate myself before the same tribunal. But my wish to enter my protest against the whole
State has no representation in that body," Insurance Company, of New York, for the issu.
thing, and in future I give notice that I shall
And therefore he writes to me. ance to them of $8,000 in legal-tender notes in
object to the reading of any of these letters with lieu of notes which they allege were lost in
Mr. SHERMAN. Read it all.
reference to out-of-door matters with which we the United States mails by the sinking of the
Mr. JOHNSON. I will.
really have nothing to do. We are not a tristeamer Quincy; which were referred to the
“Those who should be her constitutional representa
bunal, or an arbitration, or referees to settle tives and exponents there are debarred the right of Committee on Claims. entrance. In those Halls there are none who have
these difficulties between gentlemen out of Mr. LANE, of Kansas, presented the petition the right to speak for the South; none to participate doors, whatever may be their position and howof Charles and Henry W. Spencer, of St. Louis, in the legislation which governs her; none to im
ever high. We have nothing to do with them. pose the taxes she is called on to pay; and none to Missouri, praying for relief for an alleged illegal defend her or to vindicate hersons from misrepresen- It only interrupts the proceedings of this body seizure of their trading boat, 0. K; which tation, injustice. or slander. Under these circum- and takes up tine which should be devoted to was referred to the Committee on Claims. stanees I appeal to you in the confident hope that you
other things, in my judgment. will use every effort to see that justice is done in this Mr. ANTHONY presented the petition of matter. I deny emphatically that any cotton was
Mr. SHERMAN. ' I cannot allow the charge Ethan Ray Clarke and Samuel Ward Clarke, fired in Columbia by my order; I deny that the citi- of this most impudent rebel against the whole praying for the confirmation to them of the title
zens 'set fire to thousands of bales rolled out into the
of an army to be entered upon the records of to certain lands purchased of John Underwood Federal troops entered the city. And I most respect
the Senate without a promptanswer, and I think by their grandfather, under a grant from the fully ask Congress to appoint a committee, charged it will be a very complete one. The honorable Spanish Government; which was referred to with the duty of ascertaining and reporting all the
Senator from Maryland vouches for the prefactsconnected with the destruction of Columbia, and the Committee on Private Land Claims. thus fixing upon the proper author of that enormous vious good character of General Wade Hampton
Mr. JOHNSON. I present the petition of crime the infamy he so richly deserves. I am willing | prior to this rebellion. Perhaps he would not
to submit her case to any honest tribunal. Before any
be willing to vouch for it if he knew the entire persons, citizens of the city and neighborhood orders, by direction of General Beauregard, that no
history of Wade Hampton during this war. of Lynchburg, in Virginia, stating that by an act
cotton should be fired; that not one bale was on fire The charge made by General Sherman was
when Sherman's troops took possession of the city: passed in 1861 by the Legislature of Virginia,
made in the course of his official duties in an that he promised protection to the city, and that in some of the petitioners were incorporated into | spite of this solemn promise his soldiers burned it to official report. A citizen of Columbia, South a body-politic and corporate for the education the ground, deliberately, systematically, and atro- Carolina, by the name of Benjamin Rawls, be. of the deaf and dumb and blind, and among
ciously. I therefore most earnestly request that Con-
lieving himself to be aggrieved, sent a petition others the deaf and dumb and blind negroes vestigate this matter fully. Not only is this due to to this body, and asked me to presentit, claimwho were then in the State of Virginia. They themselves and to the reputation of the United States ing damages for property alleged to have been state that emancipation has increased the num
Army, but also to justice and to truth. Trusting that
destroyed by our army in the burning of Cober calling for such education very much; that “I am, very respectfully,
lumbia. In presenting that petition, I stated to they propose to teach them some art or handi.
* WADE HAMPTON.” the Senate the reasons, which in my judgment craft, but find it impossible to accomplish the Mr. President, I need not say that I have were sufficient, why it should not be granted; object they have in view if they are subjected not the slightest suspicion, even, that the charge and read a statement from General Sherman, to State and l'ederal taxation; and they pray which the writer of this letter supposes Gen. || showing that the burning of Columbia was that Congress may exempt them from the tax- eral Sherman to be subjected to is true. There || really caused by the previous policy of Wade ation of the United States. I move the refer- must be a mistake somewhere. It is equally | Hampton. General Sherman did not allege ence of the petition to the Committee on Finance. || impossible to those who know General Sher | that. Wade Hampton set fire to the city of CoThe motion was agreed to.
man to suppose that he did not believe every- lumbia, or that his rebel army set fire to the PERSONAL EXPLANATION.
thing that be stated in the communication | city of Columbia, or that he ordered it to be Mr. HOWE. Yesterday, while I was attempt. || informed, or whether General Hampton was
which is here quoted. Whether he was mis- || done; but simply, that his previous orders were ing to make a personal explanation of a dis
the inducing cause of the burning of Columbia. misinformed. I know not. It is due, however, I asserted that citizens or inhabitants of Copatch found in the columns of the New York Herald, I was understood by the reporter of
to an acquaintance with General Hampton, lumbia itself did set fire to Columbia, and that the Associated Press to quote a remark from
commenced long before this rebellion broke the scattering of cotton in the open streets and the Postmaster General. "The Globe will show
out, that I should say that in point of private squares spread the fire that destroyed it; and
character, in point of veracity, he stood as therefore Benjamin Rawls must look to his that the quotation I made was from the First | high as General Sherman can stand now; and neighbors or to General Wade Hampton, who Assistant Postmaster General. I hope the reporter for the Associated Press will make
that is giving him as much praise as can be scattered this cotton, for his loss. the correction, as it is due to the Postmaster
bestowed upon him. I know not how his object Now, sir, this letter does not deny the real General that it should be made and as widely | that the letter be referred
to the Committee on
can be accomplished, and I will therefore ask assertion made by General Sherman. have disseminated as the mistake was.
the papers now before me showing conclusively It was undoubtedly a mistake.
Military Affairs. I do not suppose that the from official records that General Sherman's
Senate would be willing to appoint a special assertion was true, and that he was justified in BURNING OF COLUMBIA, SOUTII CAROLINA. committee to investigate the subject.
saying that General Wade Hampton was the Mr. JOHNSON. Mr. President, I received
Mr. SHERMAN. Mr. President
cause of the burning of Columbia. He comyesterday a note, dated the 21st of April, from Mr. FESSENDEN. If the Senator will manded the rear guard of the rebels, and, General Wade Hampton, who is known to the excuse me for a moment, I desire to say a indeed, made but little opposition to the march members of the Senate as having actively parword.
of General Sherman through the vaunted State ticipated in the war of the rebellion, sending
Mr. SHERMAN. I merely wish to make a of South Carolina, except the burning of cotme a formal letter date on the same day, in suggestion that it may be put on record.
ton. This was the only resistance our army which he complains that injustice has been
Mr. FESSENDEN. I only desire to say that met in all its march through South Carolina, done bin by a letter from General Sherman in this practice of reading in the Senate private unless it would be probably the skirmish at relation to the burning of the town of Colum
letters, with reference to complaints and diffi- the Salkahatchie. In other States General bia, South Carolina. I can better make the
culties between gentlemen out of doors, and Sherman found an enemy, but in that pestiwriter understood by reading that portion of
calling the attention of the Senate to them, is lent State General Hampton resisted hím by the letter, and I proceed to do so:
a practice which has grown up lately, which is | burning cotton. 'I have here upon this very "A few days ago I saw in the published proceedings
very wrong, and which takes up a great deal point the official record of General Howard, of Congress that a petition from Benjamin Rawls, of our time, and is very improper. Here is a who certainly for veracity would stand against
Wade Hampton or any of his set. - On the 16th of February of last year General Howard in his official report said:
“The mounted infantry crossed the Saluda first, supported by some infantry of General Hazen's division, and pushed on rapidly, driving the enemy across the Broad river. The attempt was to save the bridge, but it failed, since the bridge had been covered with rosin and light-wood in such manner as to burst instantaneously into a flamc; and this occurred even before all the rebel cavalry had crossed over. The remnant escaped northward."
About 10 a. m., February 17, the mayor of Columbia, with a flag of truce, mct Colonel Stone, and formally surrendered the city to him. The generalin-chiet had instructed me to destroy certain public buildings, but to spare institutions of learning, asyJums, and private dwellings.
"Itransmitted these instructions to Major General John A. Logan, whose troops were to have charge of the city.
* lle directed Major General Woods to place snitable guards. As soon as the bridge was completed, I crossed with General Sherman, and rode to the town with him, a distance of about three miles. The ground was dry, the wind blowing hard, so that the dust almost blinded us. As we entered the city the negroes and many white people collected at the corners of thestrcets, and greeted the general with loud cheering.
"In the main street was a large quantity of cotton partially consumed by fire. Some men were at work trying to extinguish the fire with a very poor engine. We remarked that the loose cotton was blown about in every direction, and the shade trees were so completely covered with bits of cotton as to remind mo of a grore in Maine after a snow storm.
The guards were carefully established in different streets, and seemed to be attending to their duty very faithfully.
"I noticed a few men under the influence of liquor, and immediately directed that they should be placed under guard. I have been thus particular in narrating these preliminary incidents, because there followed one of the most terrific scenes that I have ever witnessed, and we are charged by the 'rebels' with its inception. Thinking everything was very orderly and the city police in the best of hands. I selected a house and hoped to get a little rest. But it was hardly, dark before a fire broke out in the vicinity of Main street and spread rapidly. I learned, moreover, that quantities of liquor had been given to the soldiers by certain people, who hoped in this manner to conciliate them and get their protection. And it is certainly true that many of our men and some of our officers were too much ander the influence of drink to allow them to properly discharge their duty, Strenuous efforts, however, were made to arrest the flames. General Woods sent in a fresh brigade, and afterward General Hazen still another.
During the night, I met Generals Logan, Woods, and other general officers, and they were taking cvery possible measure to stop the fire, and prevent disorder.
“Nevertheless, some escaped prisoners, convicts from the penitentiary, just broken open, 'arıny-followers,' and drunken soldiers, ran through house after house, and were doubtless guilty of all manner of villainics: and it is these men that I presume set new fires further and further to the windward in the northern part of the city.
"Old men, women, and children, with everything they could get out, were herded together in the streets. At some places we found officers and kindhearted soldiers protecting families from the insults and roughness of the careless. Meanwhile the flames made fearful ravages, and magnificent residences and churches were consumed in a very few minutes.
"After about two thirds of the city, all the busipess part of the town, including the old State House, had been destroyed,
the wind shifted to the east, and the fire was stayed.
"The next morning showed very little of Columbia, except a blackened surface peopled with numerous chimneys, and an occasional house that had been spared, as if by miracle.
“I believe that the rebels who blew up the depot, scattered the cotton over the city and set fire to it, and took no reasonable precaution to prevent the destruction of Columbia, are responsible for the suffering of the people.
"Neither the general-in-chief, nor any of his lientenants, have ever sanctioned any conduct so evidently against the dictates of humanity.
"The seventeenth corps followed the fifteenth across the Saluda and Broad, and encamped outside of the city to the northeast. The fifteenth corps oncamped to the east and south, except the garrison of the city."
Such is the testimony of General Howard, who marched in with the advance of the army, with the general-in-chief. And it shows clearly that when our army entered Columbia the rebels under Hampton had prepared the city for conflagration, and that its own inhabitants, including negroes and esc ped convicts, were maddening themselves with liquor, and that General Sherman and all under him did all they could to save the city from the destruction prepared for it by escaping rebels.
I have here also a private letter, written recently, since Wade Hampton denied this charge, by General Howard to General Sherman, from which I will read a short paragraph:
"On examining my report for the South Carolina
and North Carolina march, I find that I was quite I now present to the Senate a letter written
charge of the burning of Columbia, for Gen“I did not see Wade Hampton's orders for burning || eral Slocum's army did not enter that city, cotton, but know that his forces did burn cotton in but it shows very elearly the conduct of the our front constantly. Wheeler's letter to me, which
rebel army, commanded in part by this man you received and answered, shows that the burning had official sanction.
who now arraigns our army for barbarity : I now add to the testimony of General How
SYRACUSE, New York, April 10, 1806. ard the statement of General Charles R. Woods,
MY DEAR Sır: I see that it is charged that our of a recent date, and after he had seen in the
troops were guilty of great barbarity and cruelty on
our campaign through South Carolina. While I am papers the recent statement of Hampton. It willing to admit
that there were some bad men in is clear and explicit. It is from the general in every corps, and that isolated cases of a violation of
the rules of war occurred, yet, in view of all the cirimmediate command, and who must have known cumstances, I think the behavior of the arıny was as the facts much better than Wade Hampton, then good as could have been anticipated. at a safe distance.
My command (the left wing) crossed the Savannah
river at Sister's ferry, and the men, upon entering HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF ALABAMA, the Stato of South Carolina, found their road filled
MOBILE, ALABAMA, April 7, 1865. with torpedoes so arranged that it was impossible to Dear Sir: Your favor of the 2d instant has just
avoid them; and inen saw their comrades mangled, reached me, and I hasten to reply as you request.
and in many instances killed, in this barbarous manMy official report of the campaign in South Caro
ner, while they were quietly marching in column. Is lina does state in general terms the facts as to the
it surprising that, under such circumstances, officers burning of Columbia in nearly the same language,
found it difficult to prevent their men from coiinit and to the same purport as you claim. I will, how ting some acts in re'aliation? I think not; yet I ever, further state in detail, that at the time of the never found any difficulty in preserving order on capture of Columbia, South Carolina, I cominanded entering a city or a liurge village, where guards could the first division, fifteenth Army corps, and that the
be placed. third brigade of that dwision was the first body of On our approach to Winnsboro, South Carolina, we Federal troops that entered and took possession of found the place on fire. I was informed by citizens the city.
that the fire was the work of a negro woman. The The place was formally surrendered to my com- citizens appeared panic-stricken, and were doing litmand through the mayor, but when the troops tle to save the place. My soldiers cheerfully and marched in considerable skirmishing was necessary zealously worked to extinguish the fire, and the most to drive out the rear guard of General Wado lamp- perfect order was preserved wbile we remained in the ton's command, and the numerous stragglers left from town. When we left the leading citizens were very the rebel forces.
profuse in expressions of gratitude for the kind treatI was among the first to enter the city after its occu- ment they had received. pation, and found the guards and patrols established In passing judgment upon the officers and men of by the commanding officer of the advance brigade Sherman's army on this campaign it should not bo well posted, and in the earnest and vigilant perform- forgotten that the events which led to the war were ance of their duty. But the streets were full of half- familiar to every soldier of that army. The boast drunken citizens and negroes, and escaped or released made by some of the leading citizens of South Car: convicts, who seemed to me to have been intention- olina at the commencement of the war, that they had ally turned loose for the purpose of sacking the city, la bored thirty years to destroy the Union, their inand thereby throwing odium upon the Federal occu- dignant denials that the people of South Carolina pation. I was also informed, and was satisfied, were of the same race as tho bated Yankees, and that many of the worst disposed of our own men were their advocacy of raising the black flag,"were matmet by such citizens and negroes, furnished with in- ters as well understood in Sherman's army ns they toxicating, liquors, and every effort made to induce were in the city of Charleston. This knowledge, on them to join in the work of destruction. I am bound the part of the soldiers, together with the violation to assert that every effort was made by my officers of the rules of war by the people of the State in and myself to prevent such outrages, and I believe planting torpedoes in places remote from any fortifithose efforts were generally successful. The streets cation or city rendered the duty devolving upon the in many portions of the city were filled with long officers a very difficult one. rows or piles of cotton which had been set on fire, and I claim that the conduct of my command was not prompt orders were given and earnest endeavors such as to justify the charges brought against the made by the troops to extinguish the flames, to save army. as far as possible all private property, and protect it Yours truly,
H. W. SLOCUM. from pillage. My belief is that the retiring rebel Hon. John SHERMAN, forces under command, as I am informed, of General
United States Senate, Washington, D. C. Wade Hampton, intended to destroy all cotton left in the city, to save it from Federal possession, but I have also here a report from General that they did not intend to burn the city. No proper Logan, whose report in almost every particular precautions, however, were taken, and we found the city actually in the hands of the reckless and irre
confirms that of General Howard. I have also sponsible stragglers, both white and black, that I have the report of General Stone, the gentleman before spoken of.
who was met three miles from the city by the What outrages, robberies, or incendiary acts they may have committed I cannot state, but I do know mayor and the authorities of the city. It that every effort was made to check them.
seems that General Stone got into a carriage The burning cotton, exposed to a fearful wind
to ride in with those authorities, and on the blowing across the city, was not to be extinguished by human effort. As the bales burst large masses
way they saw a portion of Wade Hampton's of flaming material were lifted by the wind and sent cavalry driving our advanced guards back ; on and over roofs, in windows and doors, and against and Colonel, now General, Stone, left the car. fences; and as water was very scarce no efforts of the troops proved of any avail until the fire nearly
riage and went at the head of a small force of reached the State Ilouse.
a certain regiment of Iowa troops and drove I am satisfied that everything saved was owing to Wade Hampton's cavalry into ihe city, and the energy of our men, and that nothing more could have been done. I was personally present in the
followed them into the city; and he states that city and am personally cognizant of the fact that my while he was on the road to the mayor's office officers and men did their duty faithfully and well
to receive the formal surrender of the city, and in saving and not in destroying property, either public or private.
there to raise the national flag, whisky and The third brigade of my division was composed liquors of various kinds were freely distributed entirely of Iowa troops, and were among the best disciplined and best disposed soldiers of the Army,
to and by the negroes and citizens of Columbia and were commanded by Colonel George A. Stone,
before a single American soldier arrived there, of the twenty-fifth Iowa volunteers, an officer and a and that then the cotton was scattered all over gentleman well known to me as a strict disciplina- the city; and I have no doubt that probably rian and an excellent soldier.
About nine o'clock at night, when the fire was at these escaped convicts, or the negroes madits height, I sent in another brigade of nearly two dened by liquor, rejoicing at their liberation, thousand men, under command of Brevet Brigadier
might by accident, or perhaps for reason, for General William B. Woods, with orders to do everything in their power to extinguish the flames. These enmity, have set fire to the city and caused men worked hard all night, and until the fire was the subsequent destruction ; but when Wade extinguished. I repeat that the destruction of the best business
Hampton, who had taken care to retreat be. portion of Columbia was the perhaps unexpected fore this occurred, charges our soldiers with result of the attempt of the rebel forces to prevent this infamy of burning private houses he makes cotton falling into the hands of the Government of the United States, and must have so far received
a charge that cannot be sustained. the sanction or order of the commanding officer of He says that those forces, who I am informed and believe was "About eight o'clock the city was fired in a number General Wade Hampton.
of places by some of our escaped prisoners and citiI am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, zens, (I am satisfied I can prove this.) and as somo
CHARLES R. WOODS, of the fire originated in basements stored full of cot
Brevet Major General, Commanding. ton it was impossible to extinguish it,
wooden ones, and the wind blowing almost a gale. “At half past eight p. m. I received orders that I l stand me. I did not apply that portion of my motion is made, I desire to say that I think was relieved by Breret Brigadier General Woods,
remarks to him particularly ; but that has been the proper disposition of this matter would be and I sent the brigade to camp about one mile ont of town, but remained in the city myself working all practiced here, and I think the practice is very to refuse to consider this letter even by laying it night to assist in extinguishing the fire."
objectionable. It has grown up recently. I on the table. It has no business here. Neither Such, Mr. President, is the evidence I pre- think it is equally objectionable
to read a letter | has it any business before the committee. It sent to the Senate to show that the statements not addressed to the Senate, and to call for the is å mere priyate letter, and Senators ought made by General Sherman were justified by the Senate's attention, and take up the Senate's not to ask action upon it. I hope we shall facts. And, sir, I could add the express order time in relation to it. Congress is to be ad- simply refuse to consider it in any way. of General Wheeler, under which Wade Hamp- || dressed in a certain form; private matters are Mr: CONNESS. I only rise to say that I ton acted, requiring all cotton in the line of entirely out of place; and before I sit down I cannot vote to send this letter to any commitGeneral Sherman's march to be burnt, and that ask the Chair, what question is now before the tee of this body for the purpose of vindicating it in fact was burnt. In the light of these facts Senate?
the reputation of Wade Hampton or any of his what shall be said of this letter? He is an The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The ques- kind of men; and I am somewhat astonished unpardoned rebel, living only by the mercy of tion is on the reference of the letter offered by || that the honorable Senator from Ohio should this Government which he struggled to over- the Senator from Maryland to the Committee feel bound to controvert his statements here or throw, cursed with treason, and responsible on Military Affairs and the Militia.
to vindicate the character of the eminent genfor the lives of thousands of the people of his Mr. JOHNSON. I thought I had the floor. eral bearing his name, or that of the United own State, a fit sample of an army which con- Mr. FESSENDEN. Undoubtedly; but I States Army against the charges of Wade verted bones of human beings into wearing | had a right to ask that question.
Hampton. A man who undertook to burn and ornaments, and which starved thousands and Mr. JOHNSON. The letter which I have || destroy this Government might well be taken tens of thousands of brave men whose mis- presented to the Senate was not presented on to be able to perform the act of burning and fortune it was to fall prisoners into their hands. my own judgment alone. I showed it to the destroying a city. There is nothing, and never
Examine his letter. He says he did not order honorable member from Ohio, and he advised has been anything, in the fair proportions of tho this cotton to be set on fire, but he ordered or me to present it.
city of Columbia, in South Carolina, that com. allowed cotton bales to be cut in the public Mr. FESSENDEN. Bad advice, I think. pared with the majestic proportions and great square,
and thus scattered the cotton all over Mr. SHERMAN. I thought that the letter value of this Government to the human race; the city, and made it so combustible that a might as well be presented and the statement and yet the man who put himself forward and negro, or a citizen, or an escaped convict, or which I have made made in connection with it. foremost in the work of destroying the one any-accident might set fire to the city of Co- Mr.JOHNSON. I presented it because the sends a letter here, and we are asked to vindilumbia, and thus destroy the city. I then repeat writer requested me to present it. It is not in cate him against the charge of burning and that Wade Hampton and his associates did, in the form of a memorial, but it is designed to destroying the other. I have nothing to say their insane desire to destroy cotton to pre- effect the object of a memorial, to get the other than to put it in that light. vent it from falling into our hands, cause the facts in which he supposes his reputation to As to the complaint denominated" whining," burning of the city of Columbia. But he says be involved inquired into. Now, I am as far || for it comes very near that, that South Carolina he did not order it to be burnt in Columbia. from justifying the conduct of General Hamp- is among the States not yet given representation In this letter, which is written rather like a pol- ton as the honorable member from Ohio. I in this body, that complaint comes now from itician than a candid man, as I supposed Wade think that in connection with all those who
many quarters-quarters from which, had it Hampton was, he says he did not order the participated in the rebellion he sinned very emanated one year since, it would have caused burning of the cotton in Columbia. He does | materially against his duty; but it is possible surprise to every honest person in the land. not deny that he ordered it to be burnt every- that he may have been under the impression It is time that the parties who make those where else. In Columbia probably it was not that he was right in what he did because of complaints had become ashamed to make them set fire to by his order, but be scattered it in the peculiar construction which upon a certain and to repeat them. It is of no consequence such way that the accident which followed de- || subject they gave to the Constitution of the whether those States were ever out of the stroyed the capital of the State of South Caro- United States.
Union or whether they are out of the Union lina. I must confess that I do not shed many As I have presented the letter, it is proper, now; we know that their people in the mass, tears over the result, but in fixing the guilt of perhaps, that I should say that I think my under daring and impudent leaders, like the this charge I wish to fix it on the men who friend from Ohio does the writer injustice in man who sends this letter here, undertook to were themselves the cause of it.
saying that he is whining over the fact that destroy the Government; and it is our duty to It seems to me the impudence of this whole
the representatives of South Carolina are not say when they shall be entitled to participation proceedings passes all imagination. He writes upon this floor. There is nothing in the letter in the Government that they thus undertook to here to the Senate of the United States that which can be considered as whining at all, if destroy. There is no power in them nor in the State of South Carolina is excluded from I understand what whining is. He refers to any representative friends that they can have representation. Why? Because the authori- that fact as a reason for sending to me what here or elsewhere which can commend them ties of the State of South Carolina violated he wishes to be presented to the Senate. He to representation in the Congress of the Unitheir oaths; their people violated their duty of states distinctly that he sends the letter to me ted States until the sober judgment of the allegiance to support this Government. They || because his State is not represented here; but people shall determine that they are fit for such had, for years, been trying to get out of this that is immaterial.
representation. Government, and now they whine like whipped Nobody can think higher of the gallant gen- I, too, join the honorable Senator from Maine curs because they cannot come back here the eral to whom we are indebted so much for the || in saying that this letter should not be referred moment they are whipped. It is degrading termination of the rebellion than I do; nobody to a committee or laid upon the table. Let for a man occupying the position of Wade has more absolute confidence in his veracity those men retire from public gaze and let them Hampton and all those leading rebels to beg | than I have; nobody thinks higher or has greater perform works meet for repentance for their and whine because they for a time are excluded confidence in the veracity of General Howard great crimes before they impudently thrust for their crimes from representation here. than I have; but it is possible that, notwitlıstand- themselves forward for purposes of represenThey struggled for years to destroy their late- ing General Wade Hampton, against his duty to tation or for the purpose of engaging us in vinful association with Yankees. Why are they || the United States, engaged in the rebellion, he || dicating what is already a reputation so dam. so anxious to resume these relations? The has not lost that claim to veracity which he had aged that it never can be vindicated or justiwhole letter, not only the facts, but the omis. before the rebellion commenced; and he stood fied. sions of fact and the impudence which dictated before the rebellion commenced as high in that Mr. WILSON. I do not see any need of it, surpass all belief. Is it not strange that particular as any man that I ever knew. He || referring this matter; and I hope this paper men like Wade Hampton, who were the origi- || desires-and it is a natural desire-as the city will be withdrawn by the Senator from Marynal cause of this war, whose foolish bravado of Columbia was burned, to clear himself of | land, that thus the question will be ended. I excited their people to resist the national the charge of having effected that catastrophe. desire to get up a resolution offered by me some Government, when they have felt the power of General Sherman's letter states that he saw days since, and which it is very important should the national Government, come whining here in a paper printed in Columbia what professed | be decided one way or the other. I refer to with such a letter as this. When it is held up to be an order from General Hampton direct- the resolution to allow this Hall for the use of and read in the American Senate, it exhibits i ing the burning of the cotton. That he denies Mr. Murdoch to give a reading for the benefit an amount of impndence that I did not con- positively; he says he gave no such order. of the National Home for the Orphans of Sol. ceive even a South Carolina rebel possessed. But, sir, it is unnecessary, and as the hon- diers and Sailors. I will simply say that Mr.
Mr. JOHNSON. The honorable member | orable member from Maine intimates, it is Murdoch, since the war commenced, has twice from Maine would not have supposed that I unnecessarily trespassing on the time of the given readings in this Chamber; and on both presented a letter which was intended to be Senate, to pursue the matter further. All that occasions Mr. Lincoln attended the reading. private, to the Senate, for nobody finds more I desire is that the paper shall be referred to Mr. SHERMAN. I move that the morning fault with the practice of reading letters, par- the Committee on Military Affairs, or allowed hour be extended until half past one o'clock, ticularly without giving the names of the to lie on the table, just as may be the determin. in order that we may conclude the morning writers, than I do and have done from the ation of the Senate.
business. I hope that that will be done by first. The letter which I have presented was Mr. FESSENDEN. I hope neither. general consent. sent to me for the purpose of being presented, The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Does the Mr. WADE. Say two o'clock. and I considered it as in the nature of a me- Senator from Maryland vary his motion so as to Mr. SHERMAN. Very well; but I want to morial. move that the letter lie on the table?
get through with the Post Office appropriation Mr. FESSENDEN. The Senator will under- Mr. FESSENDEN. Before any specific || bill to-day.