« PoprzedniaDalej »
of the said proceeds of the sales of the public lands not made the lands could not be taxed, for it is || I tell you that the people will demand of us a as aforesaid.
provided that none of the lands granted to this strict account of our stewardship when they look I ask gentlemen again and again, and in all company shall be subject to any general or at these stupendous appropriations of their earnestness and in entire good faith, where local tax for any purpose whatever till after money for objects of this character. It may is the security which the Government gets? By two years from the date of the conveyance. be a matter of very little interest to my distinthe terms of the charter the company, as I Mr. STEVENS. Do they not become sub- || guished friend from New York, [Mr. Donge,] have stated, when it shall have constructed ject to taxation after the Government conveys or to his constituents, to the men who live in twenty-five miles of road, receives a patent for them?
their gilded palaces, and roll in wealth in that the lands, and under this bill the company will Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. No, sir. magnificent city, how much they have to pay have at the same time the interest paid on their “On none of the lands granted to said com- as taxes; but if he will go with me to the humstock. That is what the company receives,
What does that mean? “None of ble homes of my constituents, into the lowly and the Government has no authority, no the land, granted to said company shall be sub- cabins which dot the prairies, and see how this power to get a single dime from the company. ject to any general or local tax for any pur- taxation is grinding them to the earth, how I ask my friend from Iowa, who in his own pose whatever." I say there can be no doubt they groan under the oppression of railroad private business as a banker is so vigilant in as to the meaning and intention of the act. corporations and monopolies which are devourregard to his securities, where is the security For one I protest against it in the name of the ing their substance, how they have to pay a which he, as a Representative of his constitu- people of these Territories, against this injus- || dollar a pound for their coffee, two dollars for ents, has demanded from this corporation for tice. The people should have the right to tax their tea, and thirty to fifty cents a yard for the faithful performance of any obligation? The
all the lands to support their government, coarse cotton fabrics--when he sees all this appointment of an inspector" which is pro- maintain their schools, build their public build- and reflects that these railroad monopolies vided to examine the books and accounts of ings, roads, &c.
have put such a tariff upon the products of the the company is simply a farce. If this bill be Mr. STEVENS. When the gentleman un- farmer that he cannot get his corn to market passed we are at the mercy of this corporation, dertakes to say that under this bill this com- but burns it for fuel, he may think a little and utterly powerless in their hands.
pany may hold these lands indefinitely free differently in regard to taxation. Mr. SMITH. Will the gentleman yield to from taxation he is mistaken. That is not the Sir, all my sympathies are with the masses of me for a moment? reading of the bill.
the people, the mudsills'' if you may choose Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. For what Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. My friend to call them such. Sir, they are the men who purpose?
from Pennsylvania says that it is not the read. || by their strong arms and patriotic hearts have Mr. SMITH. That I may ask him a ques- ing of the bill. Let gentlemen read for them upheld and sustained our country in our late tion.
selves, and determine the question between him struggle, and upon whom we must ever rely to Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Very well. and myself. I say, in my judgment, nothing | support and uphold its honor and glory in all Mr. SMITH. It is provided, as I under- can be plainer than that.
coming time. stand, that this land shall not inure to the Now, let us go a little further. I come next Now, let me ask my friends to go home to benefit of the company until after a certain to the fifth section, because I am criticising the their constituents on this question. I undernumber of miles of road are completed. The bill. It has already been alluded to by my col- take to say that this proposition placed squarely Secretary of the Treasury is directed to take league [Mr. WENTWORTH] and others, and it before the voters of any congressional district control of this matter, and the treasurer of the will be necessary for me only to say a word. of this country would not get a thousand votes. company is required to pay the proceeds into These parties to whom this munificent grant It is well for us to look a little to those conthe Treasury of the United States in April and was made, according to their own showing a stituents and see how they would probably act October of each year. Now, I ask whether grant of land of vast value, vastly more than if this question was to be determined by them. the road itself is not bound to the Government enough to build the road, were to commence I saw recently a veto message of Governor for that amount of money.
their work under the charter within three years, Fenton, of New York, in which he used this Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. No, sir; and yet, as I have already said, up to this time argument: that the constituents of the memthere is nothing in the existing law and they have not struck a spade into the ground. bers who had passed the measure would, if nothing in this bill which furnishes this Gov. They undertake, in this indirect way, to de- it were placed before them, refuse to give it ernment any security of the kind. Yet it was clare, what? That the commencement, not their support. And permit me to say, I glory proposed that this section, monstrous as it is, of the building of the railroad and telegraph in the spirit which that honest and incorruptishould be put through in this bill.
line, but that the commencement of the survey ble Executive has shown in putting the knife Now, let gentlemen look a little further. I ll of the railroad and telegraph line shall be con- of the veto into the very heart of the schemes ask them to look at the third section of the sidered the commencement of the work. of legislation of the State of New York. He bill.
Mr. STEVENS. The substitute which I have deserves a monument, in my judgment, at the Mr. SMITH. I call the gentleman's atten,
offered provides for one year of extension. hands of the people of his State for resisting tion to the twenty-seventh line in the second Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. That shows || legislation oppressive to the great masses of section where there is a provision to reimburse what was the nature of this bill as introduced the people. And let me say here that if our the Government for any moneys paid for inter- by the Committee on the Pacific Railroad, and Executive would stop vetoing such measures est, and also security for the future ayment
which it was determined to put through under as the Freedmen's Bureau and the civil rights by the Government of any interest accruing
gag of the previous question. Now, since bill, and would reserve his veto for some of under this pledge until the Government shall the thing has been opened up for discussion, these legislative schemes which are likely to be fully reimbursed for the payment of the they propose to change these flagrant and glar: pass Congress, he would to that extent receive interest.
ing provisions of the bill, which would have the gratitude of the American people. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. What become a law if it could have been put through Mr. WENTWORTH. He is going to do it. security does the gentleman mean? There is under the previous question. I am speaking [Laughter. ) no mortgage on the road. These parties get of the bill as it came from the committee,
Mr. HENDERSON. Will the gentleman
SON. their title to the land after they have built and which they undertook to force through the allow me to say that nine tenths of my own twenty-five miles of the road. They get the House.
congressional district would vote for the bill guarantee of their stock. You have no power
It further provides
now under consideration? of interference and no power reserved to make That the said company may from time to time alter Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Well, I them do anything.
and change the location of its line whenever such think I ought to make an exception in behalf Let us look a little further, at the third sec
change will the better carry out the purposes set
of the gentleman's constituents. It is not tion, which I denounce in behalf of the people office of the Secretary of the Interior a description strange that they want this railroad, and I bear of the Territories through which this road is of the new line adopted.
cheerful testimony to the zeal and ability with to pass. I will read it:
Then this is to become a sort of migratory || which my friend has supported this measure. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the patents
road, which the parties can locate here and A MEMBER. So would the people of Mon. for or lists of lands granted to this company shall
there-here a little and there a little, just tana. convey the fee-simple of said lands to said company as they please-allowing us no control 'what- Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Montana in the most full and complete manner, and that none of the lands granted to said company shall be sub
eyer, and leaving the country entirely uncertain is not a State in the Union, and it never will jcet to any general or local tax, for any purposo
where the line is to run, making it a foot-ball be so far as my vote is concerned if it requires whatever, till after two years from date of said con- for all kinds of outrageous speculation along me to vote away this $69,000,000. I think the veyance.
the line where they expect it to be located. millions of people this side of the mountains Here, sir, we take a strip of land forty miles Those are the provisions of this bill which have some claims upon Congress as well as the wide through these Territories and give every we are called upon to put through. Well, sir, | other side. As my colleague [Mr. Farnsalternate section to this railroad company, I do not know but the bill will go through this WORTH] well said, it would be well for us to we permit them to hold this land indefinitely; | House. But I wish to say a word to gentle | get some means of communication across the for that I undertake to say is the effect, if men on this side of the House in regard to this country between the Mississippi river and the not the object of this section, free from tax- matter of the public expenditures of the coun- Atlantic. Not only that, but we more directly ati. Two years after conveyance! It is to try. We are held, and justly held, responsible upon the mighty Father of Waters want the prevent the lands being taxed in these new for these expenditures. We are the majority. | obstructions to that great highway of commerce Territories in order to support their govern- The country holds us responsible, and it is just removed so that our products can go “unvexed ments. I undertake to say that under this will to hold us responsible, and I tell my friends to the sea. these lands could be held without being taxed that when we go before the people at the com- You do not do that. You do not provide for an indefinite time. If the conveyances are ing election we will have to look at our records. the means by which the people of Illinois and of the shole Northwest can send their products | moving to reconsider, and laying that motion our desks. The names of the parties on the to inarket. We bave struggled lere year after upon the table, the references of these bills to back of this book to which I have referred, this year, and year after year, to get it done, but the committees.
Appeal to Congress in behalf of the North. we cannot, and our constituents are suffering Now, Mr. Speaker, I ask where all this is to west, are paraded on the outside, some of now as never betore because they cannot get | lead.
them in very large letters, as the indorsers of their products to market. And yet you have Mr. GARFIELD. To the Pacific coast. this scheme. I find there the name of Lieuagreed to expend $95,000,000 to build the Cen- (Laughter.]
tenant General Grant, of Major General Meade, tral Pacific railroad in addition to all the land Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. "In a and Brevet Major General Ingalls, as well as you gave for the purpose; and now you are horn!"" [Great laughter.] It would lead to others, all gentlemen for whom I have the highproposing to give lands and to vote $69,000,000 | the bottom of an almost empty Treasury. est respect and esteem. to build another Pacific railroad.
That is where it would undoubtedly lead if Mr. DARLING. Will the gentleman allow Mr. DAWES. The Representatives of Mas- this bill shall receive our sanction.
me to ask him one question? sachusetts did not vote against the measure to Mr. WINDOM. And then what would be- Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Yes, sir. which the gentleman referred just now. come of the Illinois ship-canal ?
Mr. DARLING. I desire to inquire whether, Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Well, Mas. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Ilinois. That re- when the charter of this company was granted sachusetts was all right, with one or two excep- minds me that if all the money go in this par. two years ago, the gentleman from Illinois did tions. [Laughter.]
ticular direction there will be none left for not propose an amendment by which the name Mr. STEVENS. I believe I voted against practical improvements demanded by the vast of General McClellan was stricken out and the it, because my friend had taught me that tax- interests of the constituents of my friend and name of General Grant inserted as one of the ation was so heavy that we ought to do nothing the people of the whole Northwest. My friend's corporators. to increase it. [Laughter.]
constituents, like mine, have been plundered Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. It is very Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I wish my by these corporations and by these monopolies likely, sir. It was certainly a very excellent friend from Pennsylvania would follow my until they have declared that forbearance has change. [Laughter.] If the gentleman feels teachings a little oftener. (Laughter.] If he ceased to be a virtue in regard to them, and aggrieved about the matter, I hope he will make did he would be upon much safer ground than when ninety-nine out of every hundred of my his grievance known to his constituents. that upon which he is treading now. Sir, I || friend's constituents demand a better means of Mr. DARLING. No, sir. I agree with the say it is unsafe ground. We have not a moral commercial transportation to the East I am gentleman that it was a very good change. right to incur this liability of $69,000,000 for surprised that he should be willing to gratify Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I do not the benefit of a private corporation. As ! one out of a hundred by taking all the money suppose, sir, that General Grant ever knew have said, it is shocking to think that such a of the Government to build this Northern that his name was in the list of corporators. measure as this can pass. Now, I think I have Pacific railroad and devising nothing to afford But his letter on this subject has been referred shown, in regard to the liability which it is pro- them an outlet cast.
to, and the gentleman from Iowa, though I do posed to assume in this bill, that that amount Mr. WINDON. They are emigrating to the not know why he should do so, has appealed has got to be paid, and paid by the Governinent West.
to me particularly to listen to what General of the United States. It is so much added Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. And I do | Grant had said on this subject. Now, sir, the to our national debt. It is nearly three quar- not wonder at it. If they do not send Repre. | opinions of that distinguished officer on subters of a hundred million “at one fell swoop,' sentatives here who will see that their inter- jects with which he is familiar, and to which and the bill involving this was brought in here ests are vindicated, who will use their influence || he has given his attention, bave very great to be put through at an evening session, when to give them a better market for their products, || weight with me, though I am not bound to the galleries were filled with spectators and then I do not wonder that they emigrate to the permit his opinion, or that of any other man, lobby members looking down upon us, when West. [Laughter.] If I were a citizen of the to override the convictions of my own judg. our chandeliers were brilliantly lighted, and State of Minnesota, I think I should emigratement. And let me say to my friend that the we were sitting here in our cushioned chairs West in that condition of affairs; although, if | opinions of General Grant liave weight with voting away the people's money with magnifi- | I were a citizen of the district of my distin. me because of his notions in regard to these cent indifference. There was no report accom. guished friend, I should dislike very much to very questions of cconomy, for I undertake to panying the bill. My friend from Iowa [Mr. leave it on his account. [Renewed laughter.] say that no man has devoted himself more PRICE] did not condescend to put in a report Mr. WINDOW. I voted for the canal. zealously to reducing the expenditures of the to tell us anything about this measure. No, Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I know Government and diminishing the taxation of not a single word. He simply reported a the gentleman voted for it, and I know he has the people than has General Grant during the naked bill, and he would have proposed, I pre- been an able and vigilant Representative. But last year. sume, that the discussion should be limited to I tell him that if such schemes as this are to go Mr. PRICE. I think so, too ; and that is three minutes to each man, and then put the through, it is no use for him, or me, or any- the reason why I have given General Grant as bill through under the previous question. body else, to think of getting appropriations for an authority on this bill.
Now, sir, I do not believe that in any other what is so necessary to our people in the North- Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. What does country but this such legislation would ever be west.
General Grant say? Let me say to my friend tolerated for a moment; and I do not believe Mr. WINDOM. How about the money
from Iowa that I do not know but I'indorse the people of any other country would tolerate voted for Brighara Young?
every word that General Grant says on the submen who would thus vote away their money Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I recollect | ject. He says: without being duly and fully advised concern- that episode, when my friend seemed to be so "In my opinion, too, the United States would reing the measure. Sir, the prospect is encour- much disturbed about a little money that he ceive an additional pecuniary benefit in the construcaging. Already, inspired by the prospective said was going to Brigham Young. He seems
tion of this roari, by the settlement it would induce
along the line of the road, and consequently the less success of this scheme, and by the prospect of to have a prejudice against Brigham. I hope number of troops necessary to secure order and money running so freely out of the public Treas- Brigham does not interfere with any of his safety." ury, some enterprising person has laid upon rights, [great laughter, ! so that he and I will No doubt it would be a benefit in that way. our desks to-day a proposition for a subsidy to quit there. My sympathy is in another direc- || But he adds: ocean mail steamers and ocean mail routes. tion; not in the direction of the gentleman “How far these benefits should be compensated by Abundant arguments can undoubtedly be ad- from Minnesota.
the General Government beyond the grant of land duced why we should grant two, three, five, or But this is inere badinage, neither here nor
already awarded by Congress, I would not pretend ten millions a year as subsidy to these ocean there, and I am sorry the House has been mail routes. detained so long about it.
That is the language of General Grant. And Mr. THAYER. Will the gentleman from I have seen a document which has been
he says further : Illinois allow me to ask him a question ? printed and laid upon our tables, styled " An
"I would merely give it as my opinion that the
enterprise of constructing the Northern Pacific railMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Certainly. || appeal to Congress in behalf of the North- road is one well worth fostering by the General Gov. Mr. THAYER. I observe that there is upon
Now, I consider myself a very small ernment, and that such aid could well be afforded as our files another House bill, No. 378, which is part of the Northwest. I believe I have been
would insure the carly prosecution of the work." entitled "A bill to aid in the construction of in the Northwest longer than any member of Yes, sir, "such aid as would secure the early the Kansas and Neosho Valley railroad,' this House, except my venerable colleague | prosecution of the work." That aid this comwhich is to connect the great lakes with the from the Chicago district, [Mr. Wentwortu.] | pany already has. So far as regards the propri. Gulf of Mexico; and I observe that by the || [Great laughter.] He is longer there than I ety of the Government guarantying the stock fourth section of that bill it is proposed that am. [Renewed laughter.]
of this company in the manner proposed, let the United States shall guaranty what are I have been somewhat identified with the me say that General Grant himselt told me called construction bonds,"' bonds of $1,000, interests of the Northwest, for I have lived there that he declined an indorsement of the policy twenty of which are to be issued for every mile more than half my life. I have seen it grow in of a guarantee of the stock by the United States. of the road. I want to ask the gentleman power and in magnitude and also in glory, and Sir, I have spoken on this question with some whether he can give us any information in regard I have felt a pride in it all. And I conceive degree of earnestness, for I have the strongest to that bill.
that I might have some little share in the conviction of the impolicy of the measure. I Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Oh, no; guardianship of the interests of the Northwest. do not know that there ever came before the these railroad bills are so numerous, and they | But we seem to be left out of consideration in House a measure calling forth the more earcome in here so fast, that it would take any one this matter, and the guardianship has gone to nest attention of the House than this bill demember of this House almost all his time to other hands.
mands. Sir, if we are to aid in this way in the keep track of them. I know I am kept busy Here is a pamphlet on this subject put on construction of this road, shall we not be called
upon, on the same principle, to aid in the con- been shocked, and I do not care to speak to- By Mr. HUBBARD, of West Virginia: The petistruction of a southern Pacific railroad, so as night. [Laughter.]
tion of Charles I. Michaelson, asking payment for to have three roads? And with what consist- Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Then I
commissary supplies taken and used by the United
States Army. ency conld we refuse to build that road if we hope we will adjourn.
By Mr. KETCHAM: The petition of inhabitants build this? The same argument would apply.
of Dutchess county, Now York, for increased tariff INTERNAL REVENUE BILL.
on foreign wool. We have already committed ourselves to the Central Pacific railroad by the stupendous grant
Mr. LATHAM, by unanimous consent, from
By Mr. LAFLIN: The petition of Hon. James A.
Bell, and others. of Jefferson county, New York, for of lands, as well as by assuming a liability of
the Committee on Printing, reported a resolu- tho transfer of the schooner Mary from a Canadian $95,000,000. We had better get through with
tion that there be printed in pamphlet form, for to an American bottom. that project before assuming any new liabilities. the use of the members of the House, ten thou
By Mr. MORRIS: The petition of Stephen Hat
maker, Esq., of Milo Center, New York, and others, Mr. Speaker, there is an additional sugges
sand extra copies of the bill to amend the in- asking for an increased duty on foreign wool. tion. The Committee of Ways and Means, ternal revenue laws, reported by the chairman
By Mr. NIBLACK: The petition of eundry phyafter working carefully, judiciously, and faithof the Committee of Ways and Means, April
sicians and druggists of New Albany, Indiana, pray.
ing that certain medicines may be admitted free of fully, during the whole session, have brought 25, 1866; which was read, considered, and duty. in a bill to reduce the taxes of the country; agreed to
By Mr. TROWBRIDGE: Tho'petition of A. B.
Cudworth, D. A. Button, and 90 others, citizens of and, sir, the reduction which will be accom
Oakland county, Michigan, asking for such action by plished by that measure is just about equiva- Mr. WASHBURNE,of Illinois. Mr. Speaker,
Congress as shall consolidate the various land grants
for railrond purposes to said State and secure the lent to the sum we propose to vote away in this the Committee on Commerce have considered
construction of one road from Saginaw to some point bill.
and are ready to report a bill in relation to im- on the northwestern boundary of said Stato. If this bill is to pass, the bill for reducing | migration, which has some provisions in regard
By Mr. WARD: The petition of James L. Wands
and others, prominent members of the bar of Chethe taxes ought not to pass, if we expect to to over-crowding passenger ships, and also in mung county, Now York, against the Federal judipay our obligations and keep up the national connection with the cholera. I ask unanimous ciary law. credit. Let my friend from Vermont (Mr. consent that it shall be considered to-morrow MORRILL] move to strike out the enacting | after the pending subject has been disposed of.
IN SENATE. clause of his bill, and let the burdens upon There was no objection, and it was so ordered.
FRIDAY, April 27, 1866. the people still go unrelieved in order that
EQUALIZATION OF SOLDIERS' DOUNTY. this mammoth corporation shall make the
Prayer by Rev. W. B. GILLETTE, of Cum. Government liable for the vast sum provided
Mr. ELDRIDGE, by unanimous consent,
berland, New Jersey. in this bill. But I will detain the House no presented the memorial of the Legislature of The Journal of yesterday was read and longer, but yield the floor.
Wisconsin, for the equalization of soldiers approved. Mr. STEVENS obtained the floor. bounty; which was ordered to be printed, and
ENROLLED BILL SIGNED. referred to the Committee on Military Affairs. The PRESIDENT pro tempore signed the UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD COMPANY.
NEW MAIL ROUTE.
enrolled joint resolution (H. R. No. 67) proThe SPEAKER, by unanimous consent, laid
Mr. ELDRIDGE also presented a memo
viding for the reappraisement of the lands before the House the following message from the President of the United States, which, with Sumner, in Trempealean county; which was rial for a mail route froin Trempealeau to
described in an act for the relief of William
Sawyer and others, of Ohio. the accompanying documents, was referred to ordered to be printed, and referred to the Com
HOCSE BILLS REFERRED. the Committee on the Pacific Railroad, and
mittee on the Post Ofice and Post Roads. ordered to be printed:
The following bills from the House of Rep.
resentatives were severally read twice by their WASHINGTON, D. C., April 24, 1866. Mr. ELDRIDGE also presented a memo
titles and referred as indicated below: rial in relation to a ship-canal through the
A bill (H. R. No. 454) for the relief of IsaTo the Senate and House of Representatives : | State of Wisconsin connecting the Mississippi
bella Strubing--to the Committee on Pensions. I submit herewith, for the consideration of river with the waters of Lake Michigan; and a
A bill (II. R. No. 473) to extend the jurisCongress, the accompanying communication memorial for the improvement of the harbor at
diction of the Court of Claims-to the Commitfrom the Secretary of the Interior in relation | Superior City, Wisconsin; which were ordered
tee on the Judiciary. to the Union Pacific Railroad Company, east- to be printed, and referred to the Committee A bill (II. R. No. 475) to facilitate the setern division. on Commerce.
tlement of the accounts of paymasters of the It appears that the company were required
Army-to the Comiittee on Military Affairs to complete one hundred miles of their road
Mr. ELDRIDGE also presented joint reso.
and the Militia. within three years after their acceptance of the lutions of the Legislature of Wisconsin, declar
INTERNATIONAL OCEAN TELEGRAPH. conditions of the original act of Congress. ing it to be the duty of Senator Doolittle to This period expired December 22, 1865. Sixty resign the office of United States Senator;
The Senate proceeded to consider the amendtwo miles had been previously accepted by which were ordered to be printed, and referred
ments of the flouse of Representatives to the the Government. Since that date an addi
bill (S. No. 26) to encourage telegraphic comto the select joint committee on reconstruction. munication between the United States and the tional section of twenty-three miles has been completed. Commissioners appointed for that
EXPENSES OF REVENUE COLLECTION.
island of Cuba and other West India islands, purpose have examined and reported upon it, On motion of Mr. STEVENS, Senate joint
and the Bahamas. and an application has been made for its ac- resolution No. 75, making appropriations for
The first amendment was in section two, line ceptance: expenses of the collection of revenues from
three, to strike out the words “during a state The failure to complete one hundred miles customs, was taken from the Speaker's table,
of war;'' so as to make the section read: of road within the period prescribed renders read a first and second time, and referred to
That the said International Occan Telegraph Com
pany shall at all times give the United States the freo it questionable whether the executive officers the Committee on Appropriations.
use of said cablo or cables, through a telegraphic of the Government are authorized to issue the And then, on motion of Mr. BINGIIAM, (at operator of its own sclertion, to transmit any incg. bouds and patents to which the company would five minutes to five o'clock p. m.,) the House
sages to and from its military, naval, and diplomatic
or consular agents. be entitled if this as well as the other require. | adjourned. ments of the act had been faithfully observed.
The next amendment was after the word This failure may, to some extent, be ascribed
"agents," in the same section, to insert these
PETITIONS, ETC. to the financial condition of the country inci.
The following petitions, &c., were presented under dent to the recent civil war. As the company
And the said company shall keep all its lines open the rule and referred to the appropriate comunittees:
to the public for the transmission, for daily publicaappear to be engaged in the energetic prosecu- By Mr. BOUTWELL: The petition of B. R. Curtis, tion of their work, and manifest a disposition and others, citizens of Boston, Massachusetts, in ref
tion, of market and commercial reports and intellierence to the reorganization of the courts of the
gence; and all messages, dispatches, and cominunito comply with the conditions of the grant, I
cations shall be forwarded in theorder in which they United States. recommend that the time for the completion By Mr. CULLOM: A petition signed by Bolivar
shall be received; and the said company shall not bo of this part of the road be extended, and that Knickerbocker, surgeon in charge of the United
permitted to charge and collect for messages trans
mitted through any of its submarino cables moro authority be given for the issue of bonds and
States general hospital at Camp Butler, accompanied than the rate of $3 50 for messages of ten words.
by a claim for damages sustained by him in the patents on account of the section now offered destruction of the hospital by fire.
Mr. CHANDLER. I move that the Senate for acceptance, notwithstanding such failure,
By Mr. DAWES: The petition of William 0. Bell, and others, physicians of Hampden county, Massa
concur in the amendments of the House of should the company in other respects be there- chusetts, asking for the exemption of certain medi- Representatives. upto entitled. cines from taxation.
Mr. CONNESS. I hope the Senate will not
take sudden action on this question, nor at any
time concur in the amendment with reference public land lying within fifteen miles on either sido to the rate of charge. The charge here proMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I promised of the line of the Des Are, Dardanelle, and Fort
posed to be allowed for telegraphing during Smith railroad, for the construction of said road, in to yield a portion of my time to the gentleman the State of Arkansas.
the period of years this exclusive privilege is from New Jersey, (Mr. Wright.]
By Mr. HARDING, of Illinois: The petition of to last is far greater in proportion to the disMr. STEVEŃS. I think we can arrange citizens of Prairie City, Illinois, for legislation to
tance than any made anywhere in the United regulate insurance in the United States. the difficulty. Although I intend to go on this By Mr. HOLBROOK: The petition of 200 citizens
States. The charges now made for telegraphevening, the speech of the gentleman from of northern Idaho, praying for a division of said Ter- ing across the continent to the Pacific coast Illinois was filled so full of “chimeras, gor:
ritory, and the formation of another Territory in from this city amount to about seven dollars
accordance with the memorial passed by tho Terrifons, and hydras dire,” that my nerves have torial Logislature.
and eighty cents, or thereabouts.
Mr. CHANDLER. To avoid discussion I believe, very properly suggests. The bill, so Senate whereby the United States will take the will move that the Senate non-concur in the far as it has been amended by the House of exclusive control of the telegraphing of this amendments, and ask for a committee of con- Representatives, has been in derogation of the conntry. The Senator from Oregon and the ference, if the Senator will give way for that interests of the corporators. It was thoroughly Senator from California feel the full force and purpose.
discussed in the Senate, and I believe the Sen- weight of the exorbitant demands of these Mr. CONNESS. I wish to say what I was ate will bear me witness that the judgment of great monopolies, and the business of the counproceeding to say at the present time.
the Senate was favorable to the bill. On this try every day suffers from the exclusiveness of The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Sen- question of the exorbitant character of the this great interest. It strikes me that there ator from California is entitled to the floor. charge, I am not now in a position to judge. should be an amendment to this bill providing
Mr. CONNESS. I shall not occupy long. I am half inclined to believe with the honorable that the privileges and the rights granted by it I was stating, sir, that at the present time the Senator from California that it inay be so; but shall cease when the United States shall have cost of telegraphing from Washington city to I suggest to him that the power to amend this taken possession, as they have a right to do the Pacific coast by the Overland Telegraph | charter in all particulars, including the subject undoubtedly under the Constitution, of the telCompany is for every ten words about seven of charge, is reserved in the bill, so that if the legraphing of the country. Give us a clause to dollars and eighty cents, a very high rate of charge is found to be exorbitant hereafter it | that effect; amend your bill; let us understand charge, as we who pay it happen to know from can be reached.
that the policy of the country is to prevent day to day and from hour to hour.
If it is the judgment of the Senate that this those exclusive monopolies which now embarMr. WILLIAMS. I wish to suggest to the bill ought to pass, why not pass it now? We rass the business interests of the country. Senator from California that the rate is ten have had the deliberate judgment of the Senate Mr. SHERMAN. The Senator from Maine dollars from here to Portland, in Oregon, for once on this measure. My friend from Ohio has very correctly stated that I was opposed to every ten words.
[Mr. Sherman) thinks it ought not to pass with: the passage of thuis bill when it was under conMr. CONNESS. I have no doubt it is, out consideration. We have had consideration. sideration before, and that I have not changed going by California. My purpose, however, That Senator is opposed to the bill in toto, and my mind. I have no objection to the character was only to call attention to that as a high the opposition he makes to it, I dare say, is the of the company who undertake this enterprise rate; but this is a liigher rate still, three dol- opposition of the other day renewed. The bill On the other hand, I think the gentlemen lars for a distance of a hundred miles, which having once had the sanction of the Senate, engaged in it are men of capacity and have may be the means of communicating with the unless it is obnoxious to some such charge as ample means to execute their purpose. My European continent, and the only means in the honorable Senator from California raises | idea is that within a very short time-I hope case of the continued failure of the northern in this one particular, I object to its receiving within a year or two-there will be an entire ocean line.
As I understand, the French the go-by, and I insist that its friends ought to revolution in the system of telegraphing. As Government are now taking steps to construct give it a direction which will facilitate its pas- it is now, it is only a luxury for the rich. A a line by the Cape De Verde islands. My sage at an early day. It should not be forgot- dispatch of ten words to my own State costs purpose, however, is only to call attention to ten that it was said on a former occasion that $175 to the citizen who sends it, while probthe fact, and I do not want this question dis- time was essential. I suggest, therefore, to the ably the real cost to the companies does not posed of by being committed to a committee honorable Senator from California to allow the exceed from one to two or three cents a word of conference.
bill to take the direction suggested by the chair- at the outside. The receipts for telegraphing Mr. CHANDLER. Well, let it go. man of the Committee on Commerce.
in the United States annually are probably Mr. CONNESS. I hope the honorable Mr. CONNESS. Will the Senator permit equal to the entire cost of all the telegraphie Senator will allow me to proceed for a mo- me to inierrupt him for a moment?
lines. That this system cannot continue, that ment. I was about to say that I did not want Mr. MORRILL. Certainly.
some change must take place soon, I believe this question disposed of by being referred to Mr. CONNESS. My object is not to delay every man engaged in business is thoroughly à committee of conference which shall agree the passage of the bill. I finally consented convinced. Private enterprises will, even at to this rate. I notice, now, that the Senator to vote for it in the Senate when it passed. à disadvantage, compete with existing lines, from Ohio [Mr. SHERMAN) is in his seat, who My opposition to it ceased then, as a matter unless they are finally bought up as has been feels some interest in this subject; and what- of course. But I ask the Senator, in whose the case in very many instances. There must ever course is taken, I desire to call the atten- judgment I have great confidence, whether, be some way of reducing the cost of what is tion of the Senate to the fact that the rate fixed in his opinion, the limit fixed by the amend. now an absolute necessity in modern existhere is a rate that ought not to be permitted, ment of the House of Representatives to the ence, telegraphing. I have no doubt that the in my opinion.
company's right to charge does not preclude same history of progress in the reduction of Mr. MORRILL. The Senate is undoubt
ns from acting on that subject hereafter under telegraphic charges will exist and continue for edly sufficiently aware of the opposition to tbe general clause placed in the bill by the a few years to come as we had in the post this bill
Senate originally reserving to Congress the office system. Within my recollection, a letter Mr. CONNESS. I wish the honorable Sen- right to alter and amend it. My impression from New York to Ohio cost twenty-five cents. ator to understand that I voied for the bill on was that it would have that effect as to that It is now reduced to three cents, and that is its passage, and opposition to the bill is not point. If it does not, as a matter of course the price for conveying a letter to California. my purpose now; but I am utterly opposed to the naming of th amount to be charged in I have no doubt the same system will exist adding to the exclusive privilege granted to the House amendment does not make the bill as to telegraphing. It is the cheapest mode this company the right to make this extraor
oxious than it was before, be- of transit, and requires the least capital of dinary charge.
cause as I voted for it they had a right to make any mode of transportation. Railroads, stageMr. MORRILL. Of course I did not pro- what charge they pleased. But it occurred to coaches, turnpikes, canals, all require a vast pose to refer to the Senator particularly as me that if we agreed to the amendment of the outlay of capital, but telegraphing is the cheap. "the opposition” to which I adverted. House fixing this sum as the limit of the charge est possible mode of communication ; the least Mr. TRUMBULL. Mr. President
to be made by this company it would bind us capital is required to be employed for the Mr. MORRILL. Does the Senator wish to hereafter in any action that we might propose length of line, and therefore the price of teleinterrupt? to take on this subject.
graphing will gradually go down, with the Mr. TRUMBULL. I was going to ask the Mr. MORRILL. I think the honorable Sen- improvements of the age, with competition, Senator having charge of this bill, who I be- ator will see, on a moment's reflection, that probably with the assumption of telegraphing lieve is the Senator from Michigan, as it is it cannot by any possibility have that effect. by the Government of the United States. going to give rise to debate, to let it go over, The provision is simply that they shall not have no doubt that that will occur in a short and let us proceed with the bill which we had charge exceeding that amount, and of course,
time. up in the morning hour the day before yester- within that limit, it will be under the control My objection to this bill was not to the enterday, and which was partially discussed and of Congress.
prise itself-for I was in favor of it--but it was postponed. I hope he will allow that bill to Mr. CHANDLER. The only change made to the monopoly character of the project, the come up as there seems to be a disposition to || by the House was, first, making this line free granting to a private corporation in the State debate this matter.
to the Government of the United States in of New York of a sole privilege. It is true it Mr. CHANDLER. I do not think it will timno of peace and war; second, putting in a was answered that this was somewhat modified lead to any debate. It has been thoroughly | proviso that they should not charge over so by the right of Congress to repeal or change discussed heretofore.
much for ten words, because the House were the law; but it seems to me that it is always a The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Does the not willing to give to this company the great difficult thing to change such a law. After men Senator from Maine give way?
scope which they deemed to be contained in have embarked in an enterprise of that kind, Mr. MORRILL. Not yet. I do not propose the original bill. But the same powers are there is always an appeal, at least, to our mag. to lose sight of this bill just here if I can help | reserved in the bill now that were in it before nanimity and liberality, not to deprive them it. This bill had the consideration of the Sen- it went to the House. The amendments that of a franchise under which they have invested ate, I believe, fully. The question now is upon have been inserted are simply against the com- their money. I do not know whether any cases concurrence in the amendments of the House pany. I hope the vote will be taken on con- have occurred where Congress have changed or of Representatives. I have not the slightest || curring in the amendments.
modified a private charter of this kind. There objection to the bill taking the direction which Mr. SPRAGUE, I trust that this measure may be many such cases, but I know of none; the honorable chairman who has charge of the will go back to the Committee on Commerce and I am sure it will be very difficult indeed to bill has suggested, and to its going to a com- and receive more consideration than it has change and modify this law. mittee of conference where it can be adjusted, already received. The Senator from Missouri The only objection I had to the bill was to as the Senator from California, I am disposed to Il [Mr. Brown] has suggested & measure to the
the exclusive character given to this corpora. tion;
PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS.
but that objection is made worse now, by of the corporators. I submit, that having been that House on the disagreeing votes of the two one of the amendments proposed by the House the judgment of the Senate, whether the con- Houses. of Representatives. By that amendment they currence in this action, as moved by the chair- The motion was agreed to. have the right—that is the limit, and they will man of the Committee on Commerce, who has
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. How shall undoubtedly exercise it-to charge $3 50 for charge of this bill, is not reasonable.
the committee be appointed ? ten words, from Florida to Cuba-one hundred Mr. DOOLITTLE. I should like to inquire
Several SENATORS. By the Chair. miles of submarine telegraph. Gentlemen are of the honorable Senator from Maine whether
By unanimous onsen the President pro well informed as to the cost of this submarine this amendment coming from the House of
tempore was authorized to appoint the comteiegraph; how much it will cost per mile. It Representatives, fixing the price of messages at mittee; and Messrs. CHANDLEN, MORRILL, and is manâfactured in the United States, and an $3 50, is in such form as to prevent Congress CONNESS were appointed the committee on the estimate of the cost can be readily obtained. reducing that price hereafter if they think it
part of the Senate. It should be remembered that this line may necessary to do so. become the only mode of communicating with Mr. MORRILL. It does not change the Europe. It is probably the most feasible line character of the bill in that respect, except Mr. JOHNSON presented the memorial of that is now proposed; and if the projected line that it prevents them from charging beyond || Joshua Jones, of St. Mary's county, Maryland, between Ireland and Newfoundland should fail that price, leaving the bill entirely within the claiming damages for property of his, of which again this summer, this probably will be the control of Congress.
forcible possession is alleged to have been only interoceanic telegraph. We know, also, Mr. DOOLITTLE. The question in my taken by the Freedmen's Bureau ; which was that the French Government are now engaged mind is whether, if Congress assumes to specify | referred to the Committee on Claims. in pressing their lines along the African coast, a given sum, Congress may not feel itself bound Mr. HENDERSON presented additional and expect to connect the French possessions | by that, so as not to interfere; whether the papers in relation to the claim of Washington in the West Indies by oceanic telegraphs, and amendment ought not to be amended so as to Crosland for compensation for property belong: then this line would counect with those. In embrace in direct terms a provision that Con- ing to him situated in St. Louis, Missouri, which view of the importance of this enterprise, it gress retains the power at any time to reduce wasseized by order of General John C. Frémont, seemed to me that it was not wise to grant this this price if it is regarded as exorbitant. and used for Government purposes ; which were sole and exclusive privilege, and especially to Mr. MORRILL. Congress now retains in referred to the Committee on Claims. put a limitation which is an invitation to charge its hands the power to alter, amend, or repeal $350 for every message sentacross one hundred the act; and of course that necessarily includes
REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES. miles. As a matter of course the cost of the the power to change this provision.
Mr. HOWARD, from the Committee on the message from the connecting lines to the south- Mr. DOOLITTLE. I know it was so argued, Pacific Railroad, to whom were rcferred various ern coast of Florida will be added to the cost and perhaps that is the true construction; and petitions praying for the construction of a railof the message from Florida across to Havana ; yet it would do no harm whatever, and would road from the south line of Kansas to the north but the cost
of communication will be in the relieve it of all possible doubt, to insert the line of Texas, and also for a railroad across hands of a single company without any rivalry words that Congress should have power at the Indian Territory from the south line of or competition. It seems to me this ought not any time to fix the rates if these should appear Kansas to Red river, asked to be discharged to be granted. I therefore felt myself justified to be exorbitant. I hope it will go to a com- from their further consideration; which was in opposing this measure in all its various mittee of conference, and they can arrange it | agreed to. stages, and I think now the best disposition between themselves.
He also, from the same committee, to whom will be to send it to the committee that has The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair was referred a message from the President of charge of this matter.
will put the question on the two amendments the United States, transmitting a memorial of I will state that that committee is now pur- | together unless a division is asked for. the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of suing its investigations. It is in correspond- Mr. MORRILL. I wish to say to the hon. Colorado in relation to the location of the Pacific ence with all the existing companies with a orable chairman who has charge of this bill railroad, asked to be discharged from its furview to get the basis of the cost and expenses that I have not the slightest objection that it ther consideration; which was agreed to. of communicating telegraphic information. I should go to a committee of conference, as I Mr. CLARK, from the Committee on Claims, do not, however, wish to have this referred to understood him to suggest.
to whom was referred the petition of Mary Jolithat committee, although I believe it would be Mr. CHANDLER. That was to avoid de
son, praying for compensation for property, better to let it lie on the table until the com- bate. I am content to take the bill as it is, or destroyed by the rebels under the command mittee report and the subject is disposed of. let it go to a committee of conference. The of General Longstreet, near Suffolk, Virginia, I think that if the majority of the Senate are amendments have had the approbation of the reported adversely thereon. still of opinion that this bill ought to pass, the Committee on Commerce. I think we had better Mr. KIRKWOOD, from the Committee on better way would be to have a committee of vote on the question now.
Public Lands, to whom was relerred a bill (H. conference and have, if possible, a reduction Mr. CLARK. I suggest to the Senator from R. No. 85) for the disposal of the public lands of the maximum rate.
Michigan that, in my judgment, it had better for homestead actual settlement in the States Mr. MORRILL. I do not know but that go to a committee of conference. It may be of Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, the good time is coming, and very suddenly, that this limit is right; it may be that it is not and Florida, reported it with amendments. when Government will take possession of right. It may be that it is too high. The Postall the telegraphs in this country ; yet I am a
BILL INTRODUCED. master General has promised the committee little incredulous on that subject and do not on this subject to furnish them with some in
Mr. NYE asked, and by unanimous consent see exactly how it is to be done. I
suppose formation in regard to the price of telegraph. | obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No. 290) we shall have the millennium prophesied some ing, and in regard to the investment of capital, to incorporate the National Life and Accident time; but the question is whether we had and the rates at which it may be done. I think, Insurance Company of the District of Columbetter suspend all enterprise on these big hopes. || perhaps, that if we have a committee of con- bia; which was read twice by its title, and reIt is this kind of enterprise that heralds the ference they can confer, and determine what ferred to the Committee on the District of millennium if ever it comes; precisely this. is best to be done, for I have no idea but that
Columbia. Now, Mr. President, I was not mistaken, I the chairman of the Committee on Commerce
USE OF IIALL. think. in my suggestion as to the oppositioŋ of desires to have it at the proper rate, and they my honorable friend from Ohio; and I cannot can act, perhaps, more intelligently in that
Mr. WILSON. I offer the following resoluunderstand exactly how it is that a bill has way than if we at once concur in the amend- tion, and ask for its present consideration : been made obnoxious by an amendment which ments.
Resolved, That the use of the Senato Chamber be is itself a limitation on the power of the com- Mr. CHANDLER. I withdraw my motion
granted to James E. Murdoch, Esq., on Thursday
evening, May 3, for the purpose of giving a reading pany. When this bill passed the Senate the to concur, and move that the Senate non
for the benefit of the fair to be held in this city for power to charge was unlimited and unre- concur in the amendments, and ask for a the National Home for the orphans of soldiers and stricted. The House of Representatives have committee of conference.
sailors. limited the power of the company to charge Mr. SPRAGUE. I have but one remark to I will simply say that there is being held at beyond a specific sum. Now, I do not under- make on this question, and that is with refer- the present time a fair for the benelit (f the stand the force of the argument which renders ence to a suggestion which fell from the Sen- orphans of soldiers and sailors. Mr. Murdoch, that obnoxious to the charge of being exorbi- ator from Maine as to the millennium. If the who has devoted almost all his time during the tant. It seems to me it is a limitation, to say inillennium can be as easily reached as the estab- war to the cause of the soldiers, has offered to the least of it; and to that extent, as I said lishment by the Government of the United give a reading for the benefit of their children. when I was up before, it is against the interest | States of telegraph lines between its post offices, If such a privilege is ever granted for any purof the company.
I confess that it will be very easily reached. It pose it ought certainly to be for this. I do not wish to protract debate, and do not seems to me as much the province of the Gov- Mr. RIDDLE. I am in favor of the object intend to do so, but I simply repeat that the ernment of the United States to establish lines of the resolution of the Senator from Massaquestion when up before on its merits was dis- of telegraph between its various post offices chusetts, but cussed at large and the judgment of the Senate throughout the country as it is to establish the The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair was that the bill ought to pass. All that has post offices the'nselves.
will inquire if there be any objection to the taken place in the other House, I submit, does The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The motion present consideration of the resolution. not change the attitude of the bill as it was now is that the Senate non-concur in the amend- Mr. RIDDLE. I object, then. before the Senate on its passage. It has all ments proposed to this bill by the House of The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Objection been in r«straint of the interests and the rights | Representatives, and ask a conference with il being made, the resolution'lics over.