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though he was personally ignorant of his ued, “ much about the matter, otherwise origin, yet there were those both in Eu I might easily render myself unhappy by rope and this country who were acquaint- repining at the will of God. But I subed with it, and that Louis Philippe being mit myself entirely to His will. Mv at that time anxious to fortify his family story is on the winds of Heaven, and will in power by every possible means, con work its way without me. They have tracting alliances with other royal lines of got it in France. Copies of my daguerEurope, yet knew that in him existed an reotype have been sent to eminent men obstacle which might possibly prevent the there. God in His providence must have accomplishment of all his designs, and some mysterious ends to answer, or He had therefore perhaps delegated his son never would have brought me so low to reveal the fact to him so as to escape from such a height. He has cast my lot the consequences of its coming to light among this poor Indian people, and I have some other way. However I may add ministered and will minister to them, if it that at this interview Mr. Williams posi- please Him until death. I don't want a tively declined stating all that passed be crown. I am convinced of my royal detween him and the Prince de Joinville. scent; so are my family. The idea of "I do not trouble my mind," he contin- royalty is in our minds, and we will never
ELE AZER WILLIAMS.
From a Daguerreotype. relinquish it. You have been talking," beautiful young lady. “That was how he concluded, smiling between jest and my wife looked when I married her. And earnest,“ with a king to-night. Come, there,” giving me another, “is my likelet us go down stairs, and I will show ness at the same time. I suppose you you something else.” He then went know who that is,” he continued, taking again to his valise and took out some mi back the miniatures and giving me a daniatures and a daguerreotype. “There is guerreotype. It was his likeness such as the picture of Madame," he said, putting he now is, but having a broad band fasinto my hands the miniature of a very tened by an ornamented cross* passed over
The cross represented in the engraving was among the coins and other articles referre having been left with the child. The engraving scarcely does justice to Mr. Williams, or brings out the rosemblance to the Bourbons. It is from a daguerreotype taken from life by Brady, in December, 1852.
to hereafter as
the shoulder as worn by European princes. In the daguerreotype the lights and shadows of his marked and expressive face are brought fully out, and the sun's pencil makes him look every inch a king: Strange indeed, if a St. Regis Indian could be the original of such a portrait drawn by so unfailing an artist. The steamboat by this time was drawing near to Burlington, and Williams employed the few moments that remained, in describing his situation at St. Regis. He said that having left his wife in the West he was living alone in a little hut, almost destitute of the necessaries of life, without books, without companions, except the Indians, and that he occupied his time in teaching a few children.
The boat stopped-he hurried down, and I parted with him.
On arriving in New-York I made inquiries concerning the ecclesiastical standing of Mr. Williams, and found that there was a difficulty of determining to what jurisdiction he belonged, resulting from his having been sent out as missionary to Green Bay previous to the formation of the Diocese of Wisconsin, and the consecration of Bishop Kemper, who found him on the field, but without dimissory letters from the Bishop of New-York. Distance and the lapse of time made the authorities of New-York unwilling to recognise him as one of the clergy of this Diocese, and thus one who perhaps has flowing in his veins the blood of Capet and St. Louis, Henri Quatre and Louis le Grand, Maria Theresa and Marie Antoinette, though a minister of Christ was a rejected wanderer. Bishop Kemper has, however, determined that he does not belong to his jurisdiction, and the standing committee of NewYork conceiving that he must have some belongings have acknowledged him as a clergyman of this diocese.
My interview with Mr. Williams soon had the effect of bringing unexpected evidence to light. I repeated to many persons our conversation, and among others to the Rev. Dr. Hawks, at whose request I embodied in a letter to him the substance of what Williams had said. On reading this, in the presence of some friends, among whom was Dr. J. W. Francis, this gentleman related the following circumstances known to himself.
In the year 1794, 5 or 6, a French gentleman, named Le Ray de Chaumont, came to this country from France, and settled at Rosse, in St. Lawrence county, where he bought lands, and lived in great opulence until about twenty years ago, when, in the year 1832, at the accession of Louis Philippe, he returned to France, and, as I have lately learned, went to his father's
chateau, at Chaumont. It is not known whether or not he be still living. His son married an American lady, but it is believed they have all removed. From inquiries recently made I find that Le Ray, as he was familiarly called in St. Lawrence county, had much to do with the Indians both at Ogdensburg and St. Regis; mixed himself up a great deal with politics, and was accused, justly or not I do not know, of plotting with the Indians against the government of the United States. Не lived in the vicinity of the spot in which Williams was reared, from the time in which it is supposed that the Dauphin was brought to this country until his own return to France.
Now, in the year 1818, there was a social party at the house of Dr. Hosack, in New-York. There were present, Dr. Macneven. Counsellor Sampson, Thomas Cooper, of Carlisle, Count Jean D'Angeley, Dr. John W. Francis, and the French Minister, Genet. Of these Dr. Francis alone survives. In the course of conversation, the subject of the Dauphin was introduced, and the inquiry was started as to his fate. At length Genet distinctly said, “ Gentleinen, the Dauphin of France is not dead, but was brought to America." The conversation on this interesting subject was continued for some time, and Genet informed the company, among other things, that he believed the Dauphin was in Western New-York, and that Le Ray de Chaumont knew all about it.
From every thing which I can ascertain of Le Ray, he was the very man to be mixed up in an affair of this kind, and there is every probability that on his return to France he communicated with Louis Philippe, and this may have led to the mission of the Prince de Joinville. But even before this time, it seems likely that communication was had with France on the subject. Dr. Francis states that in the year 1817, Count Real, Prefect of Paris, and Count Jean D'Angeley, were in this country together, and in conference with Le Ray de Chaumont, and there is reason to suspect, from the peculiarities of the case, that their visit to this country had some reference to the Dauphin.
By those who have hitherto paid attention to this mysterious subject, it has been supposed that the young Prince was smuggled into this country by his friends, and hidden away among the Indians to conceal him from the Jacobins. But the circumstances just stated throw great light on the whole affair, and render the story, to my mind, more probable. It does not seem likely that the friends of the Prince would be able to rescue him without the connivance of his enemies, and when we bear
in mind the decree of the Convention in 1794, and the desire of those then in power in France to get rid of him without bloodshed, it seems every way likely that individuals in both parties would have a hand in the transaction, and keep an eye upon the movements of the Dauphin. In after years other motives would come into operation, and the various claimants to the throne would use every effort to suppress the knowledge of the fact, or provide against the consequences of it when divulged.
Such was nearly the amount of my information on this subject until a few weeks ago, when I opened a correspondence with Mr. Williams, and received several letters from him. I afterwards went to St. Lawrence county, in order to see him -complete my knowledge of details, and make inquiries, which can only be successfully made on the spot. His temporary absence on missionary service deprived me of the pleasure of seeing him, but I obtained full insight into his position, estimation in the neighborhood, and other things necessary to the formation of a correct judgment. He is missionary at St. Regis and Hogansburg, both miserable lonely places, receiving no payment from the Indians among whom he labors, and but a small stipend from the Missionary Committee. The rigors of the climate are excessive; the thermometer being frequently 30° below zero, and one can scarcely conceive a situation for an intelligent mind more lonely, more unfriended, more destitute. He lives on the Indian reservation, a wild tract of woodland, partially cleared, here and there, at the edges. Dead evergreen swamps, decayed vegetation, rude fences, half prostrate, surround the rickety shed, admitting the cold at a thousand crevices, in which reside poor Williams and the old Indian woman, his reputed mother, whom he heroically treats as if she were his parent, though believing himself to be the son of the peerless Marie Antoinette.* I found him well spoken of without exception, by all whom I conversed with in the vicinity,-a good neighbor, an active missionary, a brave, cheerful old man, having a kind word for all, and breasting fate with nothing outward to encourage him. He has no church building. He is trying to build a school-house on the Indian reservation,
but it stands roofless in the piercing cold, the picture of desolation.
The impression among all who know him, whether white persons or Indians, is, that he is not an Indian ; and I conceive no fact in the world to be more certain than this. A respectable neighbor gave me a certificate, from which the following is an extract: “I was brought up at Hogansburg, and have served in the army, as a private, in Florida, under General Worth. I have known Indians of various tribes, especially the Seminoles and the Iroquois. I have known Indians as long as I have known white men. personally acquainted with the Rev. Eleazer Williams, and have known him since my childhood. I do not believe him to be an Indian. He is entirely unlike the rest of his family. I knew his supposed brothers. They bore no resemblance to Eleazer. He looks like a German or a Frenchman. They were evidently Indians. I know an Indian as well as a cow or a horse."
An intelligent Indian, who spoke English, said, "He speaks very good Indian; but he is not like any Indian I ever saw.
When I first met him, I took him for an American. He is as much like a Frenchman as any thing.” His former landlady, at Hogansburg, said, “I don't know whether he is Indian or
* The above sketch of Marie Antoinette is made from a daguerreotype of an original picture, now in the possession of the Rev. M. H. Henderson, of Newark, N. J., painted by Aug. Wertmüller, chief painter to the King of Sweden, and afterwards to the Court of France. The picture was unfinished when the revolution broke out, and Wertmüller fled to this country, where he resided during the years '93 and 94. Ho returned to Sweden, and again came to America in '98, and was married to Miss Henderson in A. D. 1500. Ile resided at Naaman's Creek, in Delaware, and was buried in the Swedish Church, Philadelphia. Mr. Henderson has another picture, by Westmüller, of a lady with marked Austrian features, whose eyes and upper lip bear a close resemblance to those of Mr. Williams, and also a portfolio of Wertmüller, covered with old state papers, to one of which is appended the signature of Louis XVI.
not. He does not look like one. If I tuality. It is not known who was the had not heard that he was one, I should agent employed; but it is probable that not suppose that he was any more than proper examination would develope the you. lle is not like any of his family. fact, and bring to light the source from All the other children are dead." And I whence he obtained the money. It is may add, they all died of consumption. probable that Mr. John Bleecker, of AlI found that the fact of the absence of his bany, who had much dealing with the name from the baptismal register, at Indians, was the agent, and his papers Caughnawaga, is undoubted. Mr. Wil are in existence, but in great confusion, liams has a certified copy from the record and his relatives are unwilling that they at Green Bay, and the Rev. Francis Mar should be examined. If Belanger was cou, Romish priest at St. Regis, lately the person who sent the funds to this acknowledged the omission to the Hon. agent, his name or some clue to the transPhineas Atwater, formerly Indian agent, action, will probably be discovered. That but endeavored to account for it by say Belanger visited Albany, is almost cering that he was privately baptized on ac tain, from the remarkable fact, that while count of sickness, which certainly is no a youth, Mr. Williams remembers that a reason why his baptism should not have Frenchman came to him, showed him been registered.
great affection, and wept over him. How The history of the Indian family by strange must have been the feeling of whom he was a lopted is as follows: Belanger (if it were he) at the sight of the The Rev. John Williams, of Deerfield, low estate to which his sovereign was reMass., and his family, were captured by duced, and what an inexpressible burden the Indians about 1704, and carried by must he have borne in his breast through the French and Indians to Canada, near life! Young Eleazer having begun his edMontreal. They all returned, probably ucation late in consequence of idiocy, conransomed, to Deerfield, except one daugh tinued at his studies until the breaking ter, Eunice, who remained and married an out of the war, in 1812, between Great Indian chief named Turroges; to him she Britain and the United States, at which bore two daughters and a son. The
time he was under the tuition of the Rev, daughters were named Mary and Cathe Mr. Hale, of West Hampton, Mass. He was rine, and the son, John. Mary married then 27 years of age. At the request of an English surgeon, named Ezekiel Wil both the national and state government, liams. They had one son, Thomas, their he took up arms, was considered as a cononly child. His father died when Thomas fidential agent and superintendent-general was six months old. He was taken care of of the Northern Indian Department. by his mother's sister, Catherine. Thomas “Much will depend upon your zeal and was considered an Indian of the Iroquois activity as an Indian chief in that section tribe, by virtue of his descent from his of the country, which is the principal grandfather, and attached himself to them, theatre of the war,” said the Secretary of entirely renouncing civilized life. He
War, in a communication addressed to married a full-blooded Indian woman, him at this time. He accordingly conand had eleven children besides Eleazer, tinued actively employed, and fought, who was reputed to be, and brought up as among other places, at the battle at his son. All the undoubted children of Plattsburg, where he was wounded in Thomas Williams were strongly-marked 1814. Indians, notwithstanding the white blood General Cass, writing from Detroit, in their veins. They bore not the slightest under date of December 5, 1830, to the resemblance to Eleazer. He was sent to a Hon. John H. Eaton, then Secretary of school at Long Meadows, Mass., and put War, respecting Indian affairs, says: under the care of Mr. Ely. The books of this gentleman have been carefully ex “Col. Strambaugh is determined to revive amined, and it has been found that the the affairs of the agency, and leave no board and tuition of Eleazer were regu means in his power untried to place them in larly paid every six months, and with a situation commensurate with their imporgreat promptness, showing a mercantile
He should have a Winnebago, a attention, and proving that a man of exact
Menomene and an Oneida interpreter, tobusiness habits must have been the agent
gether with one sub-agent at the Bay and through whom the payments were made.
one up the Fox river. The latter is already But I am assured by a gentleman who
filled, but should any event render the apknew him well, that Thomas Williams
pointment vacant, I beg leave to recommend
the Rev. Eleazer Williams as a proper person had not the means himself to pay the to fill the vacancy. This gentleman is an Epis schooling of the boy; and if he had, copal clergyman of very respectable standwould have been the last man in the ing, and partly descended from the Iroquois world to remit the money with any punc
Indians. "He rendered essential services to
the United States during the late war, in Bishop Hobart, who rarely mistook his which he was actively engaged and badly man, to the last, and was still residing wounded, the effects of which will probably
near Green Bay when De Joinville visitcontinue during life. I understand that he
ed him in 1841, and embittered the reenjoyed the confidence of our highest and most distinguished officers, * and bravely led
maining years of his life by the revelaa heavy column at the battle of Plattsburg.
tion of his proud and princely origin.
After the Prince de Joinville left the He is a gentleman of education and talents,
West he wrote several letters to Mr. and from his position and associations can render important services to the Government
Williams. And after his return to France and the Indians."
Louis Philippe condescended to snatch a
leisure moment from the cares of governDuring the war, having occasion fre ment and the intrigues of state, to write quently to visit Albany, he became ac an autograph letter to the humble misquainted with Lieut. Governor Taylor, sionary of the Prot. Epis. Church among and his rector, the Rev. Dr. Clowes, and the Indians in Wisconsin, thanking him also with the Rev. Dr. Butler, of Troy, for his attention to the Prince de Joinville. by whom his attention was drawn to the And now to come back to the State of Protestant Episcopal church, and on the New-York. When the child was brought cessation of hostilities he obtained an in over from Europe, and left with Thomas troduction to Bishop Hobart, who took Williams in the neighborhood of Albany the earliest opportunity of recommending in Nov. 1795, by the agent, whoever he him to the Society for the Advancement was—for so far I regard from the inforof Christianity in the Diocese of New mation I have recently obtained, to be York. Governor Taylor was then acting exceedingly probable - two boxes of as principal Indian agent, and in his fre clothing and other things by which he quent interviews with the Oneidas he ad could be hereafter identified, were left vised them to invite Mr. Williams to offi with him. All this, and what follows, ciate as lay reader, which they accordingly the old Indian woman has confessed. One did with Bishop Hobart's sanction. This of these boxes has been carried off by was in March, 1816, and he remained at a daughter of Thomas Williams, and Oneida until 1822. For a time every cannot now be recovered. The other thing went on pleasantly between him there is every reason to suppose is still in and the Indians, but as it was the policy Montreal, but efforts are made in certain of the General and State Government to quarters to conceal it. In this box were remove the portion of the tribe resident three coins or medals, one of gold, one of at Oneida to Green Bay, and Mr. Wil silver, and one of copper-fac-similes of liams, after resisting for some time the each other being the medals struck at course proposed, felt himself impelled by the coronation of Louis XVI. and Marie duty to coincide in it, chiefly in view of Antoinette. The gold and silver medals the Indian lands being so diminished by being of value, were sold by the Indians repeated sales to the State, as to render in Montreal. The copper one was retained residence at Oneida no longer practicable, and is now in my possession. The gold in which opinion Bishop Hobart also con medal has also been seen in the poscurred; he was unjustly accused of am session of a Romish Bishop at Montreal bition, and disregard for the true inter or Quebec. The probability that these ests of the tribe, by a portion of the traces of the Dauphin are to be found in Indians who were hostile to removal. Montreal is increased by the proximity of About half the Oneidas accompanied him Caughnawaga to that city. Caughnawaga to Green Bay, where he remained until is a straggling Indian village on the St. his ordination by Bishop Hobart in 1826, Lawrence opposite Lachine, and within which took place at Oneida. A particular sight of Montreal. It consists, besides a account remains of the solemnities on the number of scattered huts, of two long occasion. The only surviving clergy then narrow streets varying considerably in present, are the Rev. Dr. Anthon of St. width. The houses are low and shabby, Marks, and the Rev. Mr. Treadway, of Ma most of them of wood, but some of dark lone. In the year 1823, he had mar stone. The masonry is of the rudest kind. ried Miss Mary Hobart Jourdan, of Green A Roman Catholic church, solid stone Bar, a relative of Marshal Jourdan, one building of some slight pretensions to arof Bonaparte's officers, by whom he had chitecture, stands in the middle of one of two daughters and a son, of whom only the streets. In looking at the dingy houses, the latter, whose name is John, survives. the narrow streets, the crowd of little Indian His present age is 29. The Rev. Mr. children, and considering the loneliness of Williams enjoyed the full confidence of the spot in former years before railroads
* Generals Dearborn, Bloomfield, Pike, Wilkinson Hampton, Macomb, Mooers, and Governor Tompkins.