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know thereof of a surety by obedience

LEAVES FROM THE TREE OF LIFE.
LEAVES FROM THE TREE OF LIFE.
SEVENTH LEAF.

tains a satisfactory testimony that the HAVING shown the universal apostasy message is true and that the messenger from the Church established by Christ was authorized to declare it. and His Apostles, we now

turn with But receiving the gospel, whether by pleasure from the dark picture of error,

angelic ministrations or otherwise, is one strife, confusion and priestcraft, painted thing, and obtaining authority to preach in sombre hues during a long succession

it and administer its ordinances is another. of centuries, to a

more cheering and Knowledge, light and revelation may be truly delightful subject.

enjoyed, and yet the favored recipient of The same inspired Apostles who fore these blessings may be without any autold the general departure from the "way thority to perform any official act in the of truth,” also predicted the restoration name of the Lord. Joseph Smith not of the Gospel, the ushering in of a later

only received the ministrations of the and final dispensation, and the ultimate angel bearing the everlasting gospel, but triumph of God's kingdom upon the

also obtained the right to officiate in all whole face of the earth. After seeing its ordinances, rites, ceremonies and the dominion of the mother of abomina endowments. He did not receive this tions extending to all the kingdoms of authority from man. As we have already the world, John, the beloved, beheld her shown, it had departed from the earth entire destruction. This was preceded

centuries before. No amount of learnin the vision by the coming of an angel

ing would bring it. No college, prelate, from heaven with the everlasting gospel

potentate or priest could confer it. All for every nation, kindred, tongue and

the wealth of the world could not people, and the cry from heaven, “Come

purchase it. It does not come by the out of her, my people, that ye be not par- will of man. How did Joseph Smith takers of her sins and that ye receive not

gain it? Holy men of old, who held the

keys of this power in former dispensaWe are able to state, with the most tions, came to earth as ministering spirits positive assurance, that the angel with

and ordained him to the same offices the Gospel has come, and that the voice which they held in mortality. First came from heaven has been uttered as a warn- John the Baptist, who was beheaded for ing to all nations; that Gospel will be the truth's sake, bearing the keys of the preached and the warning will be sound- Aaronic or lesser Priesthood, and ored, by divine authority, to every tribe dained Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery and nation and tongue. Joseph Smith

to the authority thereof, with the right to was the chosen instrument in the hands

preach the gospel of repentance and receive the glad message administer baptism for the remission of and direct its promulgation to all the

sins. But as John did not hold the world. Angels do not travel and preach power when on earth to confer the Holy to mankind in person; when they bring Ghost

, he did not presume to bestow it tidings from on high they deliver the

upon others. Next came Peter, James heavenly mandates to a chosen man who,

and John with the keys of the Apostlein turn, makes them known to his fel

ship, of the holy Melchisedec Priesthood angels is not general, all people may though the ministry of and of the dispensation of the fulness

of times, which they conferred upon to the commandments revealed, which is

to ordain others to this ministry and to followed by a divine witness of their

confirm baptised believers by the laying truth and of the fact of the manifestation.

on of hands for the gift of the Holy Thus, while Joseph Smith was selected to

Ghost. receive direct divine communications,

The lesser Priesthood holds the power every one who in faith obeys them, ob

of the ministration of angels and au

of her plagues.”

of God to

lows.

But

202

LEAVES FROM THE TREE OF LIFE.

thority to administer in temporal things. | Prophet, bearing the keys of the turning The greater Priesthood holds the power of of the hearts of the fathers to the children communion with the Highest and of at and of the children to the fathers, that tending to all things, spiritual and tem the link of the broken chain of the poral, for the salvation and exaltation of Priesthood through the ages might be man till he reaches the actual presence of welded together, and the spirit world be the Eternal God, and shines forth in the known to men in the flesh. Next came fulness of the attributes of his Almighty Moses the man of God with the keys of Father. Thus power was restored to the gathering of Israel, that the remnants rebuild the Church of Christ; to preach might be brought in from their long disthe true gospel; to baptise penitent persion and inherit the lands promised to believers for the remission of sins; to their forefathers. And Raphael and bestow upon them the Holy Ghost, bear Gabriel and other holy messengers also ing witness of the Father and the Son appeared, each in their order, bearing and of acceptance with them; to appoint the keys of their respective ministries and ordain all the various ministers when living as men upon the earth, that necessary for the publishing of the truth all the powers needful for the establishto all nations, the work of the ministry, ment of the great and last dispensation the perfecting of the Saints and the of the fulness of times might be centered edifying and government of “the body upon the head of the man chosen to open of Christ.”

it to the world, and that he might bestow So the Church was set up in these them upon others called and chosen by latter times. Humble believers received the spirit of revelation. the word with gladness, and, obeying it, Glory to God in the highest! The obtained from God the witness of its straight and narrow way is opened. The truth. The signs promised to believers silence of ages is broken. Jehovah followed them. They spoke in other speaks from out the bosom of eternity. tongues, prophesied, saw visions, dreamed Angels again come down from the abodes divine dreams and enjoyed all the gifts of of bliss. Communication is restored the Church as did the Saints of old. between man and his Maker. The Holy The sick were healed by the laying on of Ghost again comforts, reveals and bears hands, devils were cast out, the deaf witness. The sacred gifts are once more heard, the eyes of the blind were opened, enjoyed. All earth shall hear the glad the lame leaped for joy, the tongue of

tidings. Every soul shall be warned. the dumb was loosed, the heavens were And though Joseph the chosen seer and opened to human view, and the Holy many of his brethren have become Ghost, as on the day of pentecost, rested martyrs for the truth's sake, and the down in power upon the Saints of the bosom of mother earth is stained red new dispensation. Then they knew for with the blood of the persecuted Saints, themselves. Doubt had fled, the darkness the Church re-established, the Priestwas dispersed, Satan trembled, priest hood restored, the truths now revealed craft raged, and while the glad tidings of shall never be taken from earth again, the restored gospel caused joy in heaven but they shall spread and increase and and praise on earth, the powers of evil prevail and triumph until darkness and in and out of the flesh conspired to fight evil and sin and Satan shall give way, the truth, make war upon believers and and this planet, ransomed and redeemed persecute the servants of God unto shall be crowned with the glory and death.

presence of its rightful king, Jesus the But the Lord strengthened the hands anointed, the sinless son of the omnipoof His people and poured forth light and

tent God. knowledge from on high. The hidden things of ages

were brought forth. It is more disgraceful to distrust one's Revelation after revelation was multiplied friends than to be deceived by them. Our to the Church. Then came Elijah the mistrust justifies the deceit of others.

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SIGHTS OF FLORENCE.

VII.

TRAVELS IN ITALY.

The names of Boccaccio, Macchiavelli,

Galileo, Danieli Manin and others equally The proud position occupied by Flor- celebrated are also found upon the monuence, in the progress of art, science and ments that adorn its walls. literature, during the whole period of her Near the church of San Lorenzo, and existence, is warmly attested by the mag- attached to it, are the New Sacristy and nificent memorial monuments and tombs Princes Chapel of the Medici family. that crowd her churches and piazzas. The The former is a quadrangular building of illustrious names thus commemorated are

fine proportions,designed and constructed very numerous, representing all depart- by Michael Angelo. It contains the ments of intellectual life and culture; world famed monuments and master names of writers and philosophers, paint piece sculptures of the great sculptor. ers and sculptors, whose fame has sur

Among them the mausoleum of the Duc vived the lapse of centuries and whose de Nemours, son of Lorenzo di Medici; works live in the hearts of all genera

over it are the celebrated statues Day tions.

and Night. The latter is especially adIn the piazza Santa Croce, one of the mired for its marvelous expression and largest open squares in Florence, and reality. It is the figure of a woman in one to which many interesting events of the decline of life. Day is represented her early history attach, is the celebrated by a strong, vigorous man in his prime. and beautiful monument of Dante. This Opposite these is a statue of Lorenzo di great writer, father of the modern Italian Medici, grandson of Lorenzo the maglanguage, author of the Divine Comedy nificent, represented in profound meditaand foremost literateur of his time, was

tion, and hence often called "the penborn in Florence A. D. 1265, was ban- sive.” Below the statue is his tomb, with ished in 1302, and died at Ravenna, 1321.

the figures of a youth and maiden, adOn the six hundredth anniversary of his mirably carved to represent Evening and birth, May !4, 1865, the Italian people Dawn, being companions to Day and assembled in great solemnity in the Night, by the same great artist. piazza Santa Croce, to celebrate the un

The chapel of the Princes, containing veiling of this beautiful monument, exe

the tombs of the grand dukes of the

Medici family, from Cosmo I, who died marble statue, nineteen feet in height

, in 1564, to Giovanni Gaston, the last of 001 a pedestal twenty-three feet high, the the family

, who died in 1737. The buildcorners of which are adorned with four ing is octagonal in form. Its erection lions, each bearing a shield upon which and embellishment with the tombs and is inscribed the titles of four of his most

statues,cost the enormous sum of twentyimportant works. Around the pedestal two million lire, about five million dollars. below are the armorial bearings of the

Near the great cathedral of Florence principal cities of Italy, all of which thus is the Campanile, or square tower, from testify to their appreciation of the great the top of which a magnificent view is man to whose wonderful genius they owe

obtained, and the Baptistery. The latter

is an eight sided structure, surmounted In the adjoining church of Santa Croce, with a dome, which is claimed to have a cruciform edifice nearly five hundred afforded the architects of the cathedral, feet long, is an honorary tomb to the mem

and of St. Peters at Rome, with the ory of Dante, his remains being at Rav- model for the wonderful canopies of enna. Within the same noble sanctuary, which, on account of the many illustrious esting features of the Baptistery, which persons whose

memory is preserved was founded in the eleventh century, is there, is called the Pantheon of Italy, the three bronze doors, which were addare buried the ashes of Michael Angelo. led in the middle of the fifteenth century.

cuted by Pazzi.

their language.

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The first door was completed by Pisano | able, smooth-faced bishop, clothed in the after twenty-two years arduous labor. cathedral robes, which were of crimson The scenes represented are from the life velvet, with fine deep lace trimmings, of St. John. The second door is the and bespangled with precious stones. most remarkable, and is considered a The figure of the cross was embroidered marvel of art. It was executed by Lor on the back of the handsome garment, enzo Ghiberti, about 1450, and represents which reached in ample folds to the floor, ten scenes from scripture history, as fol- and from thence a train about six feet lows: 1. Creation and expulsion from long would have trailed in the dust, but Paradise; 2. Cain slaying his brother for four little pages, whose duty was to and Adam tilling the earth; 3. Noah af- | hold it up.

These little fellows were ter the flood and his intoxication; 4. dressed in black velvet, their hair was Abraham and the angels, and the sacri- clipped all around and a spot the size of fice of Isaac; 5. Esau and Jacob; 6. a quarter of a dollar was clean shaved on Joseph and his brethren; 7. Promulga- their crowns. Following these, as they tion of the law on Mount Sinai; 8. The entered the church from the cloisters of walls of Jericho; 9. Battle against the the transept, came in pairs, about a score Ammonites; 10. The Queen of Sheba. of gorgeously robed priests, each carry. This door is so beautifully carved rep- ing a relic or some article of treasure resenting the subjects in so skillful a from the church treasury. Behind them manner that Michael Angelo said of it, came a troop of choir boys, led by two that it deserved to form the entrance to small children, with two a little larger Paradise. Over the door is a carving to after, and so on gradually increasing unrepresent the Baptism of Christ.

til upwards of a hundred singers had The third door, by the same artist, is joined their voices in the weird chanting, in twenty-eight sections, representing the that seemed indeed to belong to some history of the Savior and the Apostles. Other sphere than this. The delicate tracery and other decora After these came orders of priests, six tions about all of these doors is in ex of each order, two abreast. The first six quisite taste, and adds much to their were clothed in white robes, not a parappearance.

ticle of color being visible about them Passing from the Baptistery into the but their black, shaven-pated heads. cathedral near by, we were impressed Next to them were six in scarlet robes, with the solemn grandeur of the old then six in purple, six in black and six structure, and its wonderful size. It is in yellow. They were followed by about over five hundred feet long, by three a hundred nuns, half of them dressed hundred and fifty wide, across the tran- | in white robes with black bonnets, the sept. The dome which surmounts it, is remainder in black robes with white bonthe loftiest in Europe, being over three nets,each surpassing the others in ghosthundred feet high. The choir is placed liness. All these arranged themselves directly under the dome, and at the time about the high altar, before which the of our visit,during high mass, the effect of bishop knelt and rose and turned around its position was admirably attested by the in great state and solemnity, while the solemn music, which, rising from the cup bearers swung their incense to and army of choristers present, filled the en- fro, filling the church with sweet and tire building with the refrain. There are sickening odors. The choiresters sang few things more imposing than the exer- long and dismally, changing their posicises of the Catholic church, to be met tion from time to time, but never movwith in the world. On the occasion of ing out of time nor tune; their solemn which we write, a special service was dirge varying in intensity with their being performed, it being a fete day of measured tread as they passed before some kind, and we were much interested the altar and about the steps of the elevain the proceedings.

ted choir. The presiding functionary was a vener

There was no sermon nor any intel

THE NEPHITES UNDER THE JUDGES.

205

ligible exercise. The church became terhood of nuns, with the chanting choirfilled with people of all classes, the kneel isters, filed in slow and measured tread ing, rising and turning of the priest, bow- out of the building, through the arched ing, crossing and solemn looks of the doorway by which they had entered, and others, and reverential inclinations of the great crowd of worshipers and specthe heads of all, as sacred names were tators dispersed. We learned afterwards uttered, with the never ceasing chanting that we had simply witnessed the saying of the choir, and the rising fumes of in- of prayers for the repose of the soul of cense continued for about an hour, when a certain dignitary, who had died many in the same grand order as they entered, years ago, leaving his vast fortune to the brotherhood of priests and the sis- ! "holy mother church.” De Vallibus.

VII.

successor.

THE NEPHITES UNDER THE JUDGES.

These same Satanic organizations found On the death of the elder Pahoran, place, grew and flourished amongst the the third Chief Judge,

a contention arose Jaredites and ultimately brought about amongst his three sons (Pahoran, Paanchi their utter destruction. Again, the great and Pacumeni) as to who should be his enemy of mankind whispered these same Pahoran, the younger was

accursed things into the ears of Gadianchosen by the people (B. C. 52) but

ton, Kishkumen and others, and they, Paanchi would not accept the result of swearing by their everlasting maker, the vox populi, and raised the standard of bound themselves to aid in the despoilarevolt

. For this crime he was arrested, tion of virtue, the overthrow of tried and executed. It was amongst the government, and in the carrying out of unsuccessful followers of Paanchi that the all the secret sins that their evil passions Gadianton band appears to have had its might suggest, or their corrupt hearts deorigin in the midst of the Nephites. sire. Such an organization was like a Kishkumen, one of their boldest leaders,

cancer eating into the vitals of the Nein order to avenge the condemnation of phite body-politic, and without its speedy Paanchi

, assassinated the newly elected and thorough eradication by the most Chief Judge as he sat on the judgment vigorous means, would infallibly end in seat, and so complete

was his disguise, national death, which it did. so unexpected his act and so speedy his

The confusion and lack of confidence fight that he was not recognized nor cap- brought about by the murder of Pahoran, tured by those who pursued him, and proved very disastrous to the Nephites, when once out of their reach he was

for in the next year, the Lamanites takprotected by his brother conspirators.

ing advantage of their internal troubles, The oaths, signs and tokens of this in made a sudden irruption into the centre iquitous association, by which they rec

of their country, surprised and captured ognized their members and protected the city of Zarahemla (on which occaeach other in their villainies—their mur

sion Pacumeni, who had succeeded his ders, rapine, whoredoms, etc.—were the

brother as Chief Judge, was slain), and same terrible imprecations which had

then pushed rapidly and victoriously been put by Satan into the heart of Cain, northward, with the intention of taking when he murdered his brother Abel, and possession of the northern continent

. which developed into the overwhelming However, they did not sufficiently keep wickedness that brought upon the groan

up their line of communication in the ing earth the cleansing waters of the

rear; the Nephite general, Lehi, checked flood; which also were implanted into

their advance, and when they attempted the hearts of the impious creatures who

to return to their own territory they were sought to build the tower of Babel.

surrounded by the Nephite forces, their

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